Michael J.; McDowell, John M.; Trabka, Eloise. Conducting
descriptive and analytical research with the Immigration and
Naturalization Service Public Use Tapes. Journal of Economic and
Social Measurement, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, 1991. 131-53 pp. Amsterdam,
Netherlands. In Eng.
"For many years the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) has published annual data on persons admitted to the U.S. as legal resident aliens. Only relatively recently has INS begun to make its microdata files available. This paper concerns the INS Public Use Tapes, including a detailed description of the information available on them, an account of the frequency and severity of certain flaws in the data, and a discussion of possible methods for correcting these flaws. The paper also discusses a number of strengths and [weaknesses] of the data for descriptive and analytical research, and it provides several suggestions for research projects that could be carried out with the INS data."
Correspondence: M. J. Greenwood, University of Colorado, Center for Economic Analysis, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).
John; Devis, Tim. Death certification from the point of
view of the epidemiologist. Population Trends, No. 67, Spring
1992. 22-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper is based on a talk given to the Epidemiology Section of the Royal Society of Medicine in 1990. It looks at the practice in England and Wales of doctors, coroners, and pathologists in certification of death and assignment of cause of death. It also highlights some of the problems of coding and interpreting underlying cause of death when several diseases are mentioned at death registration."
Correspondence: J. Ashley, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Medical Statistics Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Campos, Beatriz. Place of residence and registration:
problems and comparability in the classification of births. [Lugar
de registro y de residencia: problemas y comparabilidad en la
classificacion de los nacimientos.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos,
Vol. 5, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1990. 569-93, 824-5 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In
Spa. with sum. in Eng.
In 1973, the classification method for births in Mexico was changed from place of registration to place of mother's residence. "The objective of this work is to analyze how the place of 'customary residence of the mother' has been registered and to determine if the change of classification has some effect [on] the comparability of the information about births in different states. The information analyzed is divided into two periods, according to the way in which it was obtained and processed and the institution responsible for its publication."
Correspondence: B. Figueroa Campos, El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20731 Grubb, Gary
S.; Fortney, Judith A.; Saleh, Saneya; Gadalla, Saad; El-Baz, Ahmad;
Feldblum, Paul; Rogers, Susan M. A comparison of two
cause-of-death classification systems for deaths among women of
reproductive age in Menoufia, Egypt. International Journal of
Epidemiology, Vol. 17, No. 2, Jun 1988. 385-91 pp. Oxford, England. In
"Data on 1,979 deaths among reproductive age women were collected in the 1981-1983 Reproductive Age Mortality Survey (RAMOS) in the governorate of Menoufia, Egypt, and compared with data on these deaths as recorded by the Egyptian death registration system....There were substantial differences between classification systems for deaths due to particular causes. Over half of the deaths classified differently by the systems were those assigned to circulatory disease on the death certificate....The percentage of deaths assigned to maternal causes was three times higher in RAMOS...than on death certificates....Reported mortality rates for this often-preventable cause of death have been substantially underestimated in national death registration systems. Such underreporting masks the need for additional prenatal care and maternal health programmes."
Correspondence: G. S. Grubb, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches
Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). Vital statistics:
the four components. [Etat civil: les 4 composantes.] Dec 1991.
174 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This is a critical analysis of the vital statistics system in Morocco, with a view to improving the system as a source of data for both demographic studies and population projections. The first part examines data on marriages and divorces and the second part analyzes data on births and deaths. A general improvement in the vital statistics system since 1987 is noted. The need is stressed for further improvements in order to provide data suitable for development planning purposes.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Charii Maa El Ainain, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20733 Adams, John
W.; Kasakoff, Alice B. Estimates of census
underenumeration based on genealogies. Social Science History,
Vol. 15, No. 4, Winter 1991. 527-43 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
Underenumeration in nineteenth-century U.S. censuses is estimated by comparing census data with data from the genealogies of nine men who settled in Massachusetts before 1650. The genealogical data cover all descendants up to the mid-nineteenth century. The analysis suggests a considerable underenumeration of dependents, particularly children.
Correspondence: J. W. Adams, University of South Carolina, Department of Anthropology, Columbia, SC 29208. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
58:20734 Amin, Saad
Z. Pattern of net age error in 1986 population census of
Egypt. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual
Seminar, 1990. 1991. 377-95 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt.
"This paper attempts to estimate the pattern of the net age errors in the reported age distribution of the 1986 census population of Egypt, by comparing the reported age structure of the population with the corresponding estimated true age structure." A model to estimate a true age distribution is presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Margo. The 1990 census: how good is it? Government
Publications Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1992. 125-35 pp. Elmsford,
New York. In Eng.
"This article evaluates the 1990 [U.S.] census in light of its constitutional functions and the demographic history of the United States. It provides some principles which may be used to judge the quality and adequacy of the census." The focus is on the importance of the accuracy of census data for the reapportionment of Congress and of state and local legislative bodies, and for estimating the number of residents in poor inner-city neighborhoods.
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Wisconsin, History Department, Milwaukee, WI 53201. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).
Ian. 1991 census of population and housing. How Australia
takes a census. Pub. Order No. 2903.0. Apr 1991. 55 pp. Australian
Bureau of Statistics: Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This report provides some basic information on methods to be used in the 1991 Australian census. "It describes the history of the census, the process by which the 1991 Census was planned, the way in which it will be conducted and processed and the types of output which will be available."
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 125, Feb 1992.
Doreen S.; Draaijer, Gera E. The handbook of national
population censuses: Europe. ISBN 0-313-28426-1. LC 91-39111.
1992. xiii, 544 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London,
England. In Eng.
This is the final volume in a three-volume set of handbooks on national censuses around the world. This volume covers censuses in Europe, including the USSR. Separate entries for each country provide information on the historical background; the history of censuses, with a brief description of each census taken; and other statistical publications. For more recent censuses, information is provided on definitions and concepts, special elements and features, data quality, and publications resulting from the census.
For a previous volume presenting information on censuses in Africa and Asia, published in 1986, see 53:10815.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Timothy. Glasnost and the publication of Soviet census
results. Journal of Soviet Nationalities, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring
1992. 139-60 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The increased availability of census results from the USSR since the beginning of the glasnost campaign is described. The author details the publications that are scheduled to appear during 1992 that will contain results from the 1989 census. An appendix lists 1989 census data that has already been published.
Correspondence: T. Heleniak, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Soviet Branch, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Marida. Why is it difficult to take a census in Nigeria?
The problem of indigenous conceptions of households. Historical
Methods, Vol. 25, No. 1, Winter 1992. 12-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author discusses problems encountered by those attempting to count the Nigerian population using a Western-based conception of what constitutes a household. "I present some examples of household composition among the Ijo of the Western Delta in Nigeria and illustrate the difficulties in understanding these households when not applying the informant's criteria in defining them....A culturally appropriate, indigenous concept--which is clearly central to the Ijos' (and presumably to the other ethnic groups') own conceptualization of their society--may be turned into an important tool in trying to understand the shifting nature of the residential units and in tracing individuals for enumeration."
Correspondence: M. Hollos, Brown University, Department of Anthropology, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Madugba I. Population censuses of Nigeria from colonial
times: an evaluation of their coverage and accuracy. ISBN
978-30842-2-4. 1987. iv, 154 pp. Madugba I. Iro: Ogikwe, Nigeria. In
The author reviews the history of census-taking in Nigeria from 1860 up to the 1973 census, with a primary emphasis on the history of censuses taken from 1950 to 1973. Special focus is given to the reasons for the failure of the 1962, 1963, and 1973 censuses. The author also reviews the literature on census evaluation in Nigeria and presents new estimates of the population in 1963 and projections up to 2015. Problems and prospects for conducting viable censuses in the future are discussed, as are alternative ways of generating demographic data for planning purposes. The book costs U.S. $15 and is available directly from the author.
Correspondence: Madugba I. Iro, Umuode Nsulu, P.O. Box 99 Nbawsi, Abia State, Nigeria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Peter R. Potholes in the road of improvement? Estimating
census underenumeration by longitudinal tracing: U.S. censuses,
1850-1880. Social Science History, Vol. 15, No. 4, Winter 1991.
517-26 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The extent of errors and omissions from the U.S. censuses carried out from 1850 to 1880 is estimated. Specifically, the author examines data from successive censuses for the same families to discover data variations over time. He concludes that the inconsistencies revealed by this approach imply that nineteenth-century data need to be treated with caution.
Correspondence: P. R. Knights, York University, Department of History, 4700 Keele Street, North York, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Milan. Preliminary results of the 1991 population and
housing census. [Predbezne vysledky scitani lidu, domu a bytu
1991.] Demografie, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1992. 1-10 pp. Prague,
Czechoslovakia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"This article contains a brief commentary on already published preliminary census results [for Czechoslovakia]....The author paid special attention to the data on nationality...and to changes since 1980 and, above all, to the numbers of inhabitants of Moravian and Silesian nationality but also to smaller nationality groups, including their territorial distribution." For the first time in 40 years, a question on religious affiliation was included in the Czech census, and consideration is given here to the responses.
Correspondence: M. Kucera, Cesky Statisticky Urad, Prague, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Donald H. Comments on the underenumeration of the U.S.
census, 1850-1880. Social Science History, Vol. 15, No. 4, Winter
1991. 509-15 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The author summarizes a selection of articles that assess the quality of data from the U.S. census for the period 1850-1880. These "articles...raise the question of underenumeration to a higher level of empirical evaluation. They compare the U.S. census from 1850 to 1880 with a variety of sources of data and offer some important new estimates of error in that document."
Correspondence: D. H. Parkerson, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Central Statistical Office (Warsaw, Poland). Population in
Poland: the 1988 national census. Polish Population Review, No.
1, 1991. 123-51 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
Results are presented from Poland's 1988 census, the fifth census conducted since World War II. Consideration is given to the overall decline in the rate of population growth; the depopulation of the countryside in favor of urban areas; economic activity levels; age and sex distribution, especially for the aged and for those aged 18-30 and living in rural areas; educational levels; and housing conditions.
Correspondence: Central Statistical Office, A1. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-608 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Susan C. When the shoe fits: census data, oral history,
and stem families in southwest France. Historical Methods, Vol.
25, No. 1, Winter 1992. 20-7 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author presents a case study of a French community "in which there exists a convenient fit between the manner in which data are organized in the national census, on one hand, and local notions about how families and households should be organized, on the other. This means that data series from the census can in fact yield a revealing picture of patterns of change over time in...family organization....Although the French census has certainly not been designed specifically to accommodate the premises of [the town's] family organization, it nonetheless happens to do so. This suggests that the census structure and family structure are sometimes related such that the one is a demonstrably satisfactory source of information about experience within the other, even when each is premised on rather different ideas about family organization."
Correspondence: S. C. Rogers, New York University, Department of Anthropology, Washington Square, New York, NY 10003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard H. The quality of census data for historical
inquiry: a research agenda. Social Science History, Vol. 15, No.
4, Winter 1991. 579-99 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
"This article examines the types of error found in the [U.S.] census, their consequences for historical research, techniques for estimating error, and estimates of error rates (particularly underenumeration) in censuses of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The discussion highlights problems with the population manuscripts, though some techniques applied to this source could be extended to other schedules."
Correspondence: R. H. Steckel, Ohio State University, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Radoslav; Breznik, Dusan. The population of Yugoslavia,
1948-1991. Yugoslav Survey, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1991. 3-14 pp.
Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Eng.
"On 31 March, 1991, the sixth population census after World War Two was taken in Yugoslavia. The census of households, apartments and farms took place simultaneously to the population census. The census was taken in extremely difficult political, economic and other conditions, which greatly hindered its organization, and the work of the census takers and census commissions. The census was not taken in the province of Kosovo, nor partially in some other communes, thus the total population in these regions was estimated, which is explicitly stated in the tables. Furthermore, the method used to make this estimation is also cited. A comparison of the first results of the 1991 population census with data from previous censuses, and with available estimates, indicates the reliability of the results obtained in the territory in which the 1991 population census was taken."
Correspondence: R. Stevanovic, Institute of Social Sciences, Center for Demographic Research, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS] (London,
England). Census 1981: general report. England and
Wales. 1990. ix, 96 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The scope of this report covers the administration, fieldwork, processing and statistical assessment of the 1981 Census of Population in England and Wales."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8, 5DT, England. Location: Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 116, Apr 1990.
States. National Archives and Records Administration (Washington,
D.C.). The 1920 federal population census: catalog of
National Archives microfilm. ISBN 0-911333-86-X. LC 91-3417. 1991.
iii, 77 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This catalog lists the population schedules from the 1920 U.S. census, reproduced as microfilm publication T625, as well as the 1920 Soundex indexes. The microfilm was developed from the highest quality master negatives available, since the original schedules no longer exist.
Correspondence: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Publications Services Staff, Washington, D.C. 20408. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Alfredo; Verma, Vijay. An analysis of sampling errors in
the Demographic and Health Surveys. In: Demographic and Health
Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.:
proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 513-37 pp. Institute for Resource
Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]:
Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The DHS programme provides a rare opportunity to examine the magnitude and pattern of sampling errors for a wide range of common variables estimated from similarly designed national surveys in diverse settings. The World Fertility Survey was perhaps the last such comparable opportunity, and this paper aims to replicate and update the considerable and useful work done on the analysis of sampling error results in the context of that programme....It is also our objective to document some of the valuable information on sampling errors produced in the course of the DHS work." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: A. Aliaga, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Institute of Population Problems (Tokyo, Japan). The
public opinion survey on population issues in Japan. Institute of
Population Problems Survey Series, No. 4, Mar 29, 1991. 275 pp. Tokyo,
Japan. In Jpn.
Results of a 1990 public opinion survey on population issues in Japan are presented. The survey, which will be conducted every five years, included some 23,000 individuals. Topics covered include intentions concerning marriage, husband-wife relations, fertility in general, the recent fertility decline, relationships between parents and married children, Japan's population, and world population.
Correspondence: Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20752 Nunez, Jose
G.; Delgado, Esperanza; Aramburu, Carlos E.; Townsend, John W.; Palma,
Yolanda; Suarez, Javier. Programmatic estimates for
"small" geographic areas. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World
Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume
1. 1991. 539-73 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro
International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia,
Maryland. In Eng.
This paper is the result of a meeting held in Mexico to examine alternative methods of developing effective family planning programs at subregional and regional levels. "This paper documents the methodology developed to generate valid generalizations about small areas from national survey data and presents estimates of the Mexico DHS survey at the state level....The methodology uses data from two sources: the 1987 Mexican DHS...and the 1990 Population Census. Using discriminant analysis of the DHS data at the national level, the methodology identifies the variables that explain the differences between users and non-users of contraceptives....Based on previous experience, a simple conceptual framework of sociodemographic variables associated with the reproductive behavior of the population was identified."
Correspondence: J. G. Nunez, Pathfinder International, 9 Galen Street, Watertown, MA 02172. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Council (New York, New York). Paraguay 1990: results from
the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning,
Vol. 23, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1992. 137-41 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1990 Paraguay Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 5,683 households and 5,827 women aged 15-49. Tables present data on population characteristics, women's socioeconomic status, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutritional status.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).