Volume 58 - Number 2 - Summer 1992

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

58:20654 Christa, Harald; Halfar, Bernd; Koydl, Andrea; Marz, Annette; Rupp, Marina; Schafer, Dieter; Schoolmann, Gerhard. Structural differences in the form of social security systems in industrialized countries, with reference to the implications for families. [Strukturelle Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung sozialer Sicherungssysteme in Industrielandern im Hinblick auf ihre Bedeutung fur die Familien.] Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 69, 1991. 148, [8] pp. Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
A comparative study of social security systems in West Germany and 18 other industrialized countries is presented. Separate chapters deal with support for old age, widowhood, disability, unemployment, illness, and parenthood. The implications for families and family policy are also discussed.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Postfach 5528, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

58:20655 Alba, Francisco. The population in a sociopolitical system in crisis: Mexico before the Revolution. [La poblacion en un sistema sociopolitico en crisis: Mexico antes de la Revolucion.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 5, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1990. 711-27, 827 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews some of the literature on the Mexican Revolution in order to assess the impact of demographic change on the outcome of that conflict. Consideration is given to urbanization, spatial distribution, literacy, industrial growth and the employment opportunities it provided, and land conflicts caused by population growth.
Correspondence: F. Alba, El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20656 Blayo, Yves. Political events and fertility in China since 1950. [Evenements politiques et fecondite en Chine depuis 1950.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1991. 1,589-615 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Fertility and nuptiality data for China covering the period 1940-1987 are examined by cohort and period analyses. "It is shown that variations in period rates--even during the catastrophic years that followed the 'Great Leap Forward'--merely reflected changes in the timing of family formation rather than changes in family size. The latter was not affected by social and political upheavals, but gradually changed because of the operation of other factors....Although the age at which women married for the first time continued to rise, this rise was partially compensated by a decline in the interval between marriage and births. During recent years, parity progression ratios for women with one child have remained high, in spite of the one-child policy. However, the structure of the Chinese family has changed profoundly within a relatively short period of time."
Correspondence: Y. Blayo, 1 rue Alphonse Daudet, 75014 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20657 Eberstadt, Nicholas. Population change and national security. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 70, No. 3, Summer 1991. 115-31 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The implications of current and future population trends for international political order and the balance of world power are assessed. The main focus is on the likelihood of rapid population growth in the developing world and the security challenge this poses to the slower-growing developed world.
Correspondence: N. Eberstadt, Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

58:20658 Goldscheider, Calvin. The embeddedness of the Arab-Jewish conflict in the state of Israel: demographic and sociological perspectives. PSTC Reprint Series, No. 92-02, Feb 1992. [22] pp. Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center [PSTC]: Providence, Rhode Island. In Eng.
The author discusses demographic and sociological perspectives of the embeddedness of the Arab-jewish conflict in Israel. "The argument is that the internal ethnic-religious conflict in the State of Israel is most problematic precisely because it is normalized; it is embedded in the demographic and social structure....In order to clarify the demographic embeddedness of the Arab-Jewish conflict, we shall review the changing demographic contours of majority-minority relationships. This includes an investigation into the changing size, growth, and ethnic composition of the Jewish and Arab populations, the demographic formation of these communities--particularly the evolution of immigration patterns--the differential fertility of Jewish and Arab populations, and the changing relative population proportions of each, now and in the future. At the same time we shall explore issues of socioeconomic inequalities within and between the Jewish and Arab populations and relate these inequalities to demographic processes as well as to the individual views of Arabs about Jews and Jews about Arabs."
This article is reprinted from Israeli Politics in the 1990s: Key Domestic and Foreign Policy Factors, edited by Bernard Reich and Gershon Kieval, pp. 111-32, Westport, Connecticut, Greenwood Publications Group, 1991.
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20659 Kvasha, A. Demographic problems of military reform in the USSR. [Demograficheskie problemy voennoi reformy v SSSR.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 8, 1991. 73-9 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author discusses future reforms in the procedures for drafting personnel into the Soviet army. The analysis is based primarily on the experiences of armies in Western countries. The author also takes into consideration peculiarities of the political and economic structures in the USSR, as well as the attitude of the Soviet people toward military service. The demographic situation at the end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first century is examined, as is the possibility that a decrease in fertility, worsening life expectancy, and increase in international migration could make the military draft process even more complicated. Data for cohorts born in 1972, 1977, 1982, and 1987 are used as illustrations. The possibility of developing an alternative service is suggested.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20660 Schmelz, U. O. The demographic impact of the Holocaust on the Jewish people. Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics Occasional Paper, No. 1991-10, 1991. 22 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
The author discusses some long-term effects of the decrease in the world's Jewish population caused by the Holocaust. Consideration is given to the implications of the severe population losses that occurred among children and the elderly and their impact on age and sex distributions, as well as the indirect effect on natural increase. Forced migration during the Holocaust and international migration among Jews since World War II are described, and changes in the demographic and ethnic compositions of Jewish populations since the war are analyzed. Appendixes outline problems in estimating the direct and indirect population losses caused by the Holocaust and provide projections for the world Jewish population to 2010.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:20661 Baran, Alina. Population changes and the cost of health care for the elderly in Poland. Polish Population Review, No. 1, 1991. 73-88 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
"The author...has attempted to measure the effects of population changes upon the costs of health care [in Poland] by applying a simulation model. In this model the total cost of health care is a function of the per capita cost of health care by age, sex, and place of residence (urban, rural) and population structure....The paper includes...the results concerning population 60 years of age and over." Data are from several official health-related surveys carried out in 1989.
Correspondence: A. Baran, Warsaw School of Economics, Institute of Statistics and Demography, A1. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20662 Black, Robert E. Current status of child health interventions. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 599-615 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
International efforts to develop primary health care designed to reduce high rates of infant mortality in developing countries are reviewed. "Because of their widespread implementation and the availability of information through DHS and other survey efforts, the status of immunization and diarrheal disease control programs will be covered most extensively, but brief mention will be made regarding the status of other important child health interventions."
Correspondence: R. E. Black, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20663 Gaminiratne, K. H. W. Socio-economic and behavioural determinants of diarrhoeal morbidity among children in Sri Lanka. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 757-84 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The objective of this paper is to assess the prevalence of diarrhoea among children in Sri Lanka and to examine the socio-economic and behavioural characteristics that determine diarrhoeal morbidity using the data from the Sri Lanka Demographic and Health Survey (SLDHS), 1987; their identification will help effective implementation of the health policies and programs."
Correspondence: K. H. W. Gaminiratne, Australian National University, GPO Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20664 Goldin, Ken. Long-run impacts of AIDS. Contemporary Policy Issues, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1992. 21-30 pp. Huntington Beach, California. In Eng.
"Over the next century, the impact of the AIDS epidemic on the supply of and returns to factors of production may be significant. Public policies might offset some of the long run impacts, especially if initiated early in the epidemic. History suggests the types of economic effects that can occur in the long run and the limits of public policies' effectiveness in controlling diseases of this type. The models developed here to show possible long run time paths for the epidemic also imply a long-run equilibrium, a concept not appreciated in most disciplines. Because data deficiencies make long run numerical forecasting highly controversial, this paper uses history and modeling to emphasize qualitative understanding of the epidemic."
Correspondence: K. Goldin, California State University, Department of Economics, Fullerton, CA 92634. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

58:20665 Kiple, Kenneth F.; Tarver, H. Micheal. Skeletal biology and the history of Native Americans and African Americans. Latin American Population History Bulletin, No. 21, Spring 1992. 3-10 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
The authors incorporate data from skeletal remains in an attempt to construct health profiles for the Amerindian population before Columbus's arrival and for the antebellum black slave populations of North America and the Caribbean. They examine the impact of poor nutrition among slaves, as evidenced in bone and tooth samples, on infant and childhood mortality, fertility, and adult mortality. They go on to suggest that the change from a hunter-gatherer life-style to a more sedentary agricultural one resulted in poorer health for the Amerindian population. However, agriculture made soft foods more available, allowing women to wean their children earlier, thus increasing overall fertility.
Correspondence: K. F. Kiple, Bowling Green State University, Department of History, Bowling Green, OH 43403. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20666 Lanata, Claudio F.; Novara, Joaquin. Child immunization trends and determinants in Peru. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 717-26 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"Three national maternal-child health surveys have been carried out in Peru in a period of four years: the Nutrition and Health National Survey 1984..., the Demographic and Family Health Survey..., and the Vaccination Coverage Survey 1988....these surveys were analyzed from computerized copies of the original data to evaluate the national child immunization trends and determinants and in particular the impact of the national massive immunization campaigns called 'VAN' that constituted the main [government] immunization program activity during...1985-1990....We concluded that the major determinants of immunization coverage were access to health services, as indicated by higher coverages in urban areas and the coastal region, and maternal educational level."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20667 Melbye, Mads; Biggar, Robert J. Interactions between persons at risk for AIDS and the general population in Denmark. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 135, No. 6, Mar 15, 1992. 593-602 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors present results from a 1989 nationwide study of sexual behavior in Denmark involving 4,680 randomly selected individuals aged 18-59. They indicate that sexual contacts with individuals from groups at high risk of carrying HIV infection were reported by 15.9 percent of men and 4.8 percent of women from the general population. Furthermore, 12.5 percent of male and 4 percent of female active blood donors had engaged in high-risk behavior. The results suggest not only that exposure to persons at risk of HIV infection is considerable, but that most persons who have had potential exposure to infection have not been tested for HIV.
Correspondence: M. Melbye, State Serum Institute, Department of Epidemiology, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

58:20668 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). Selected demographic and health characteristics--state variations, 1988-1991. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 73, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1992. 20-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Selected demographic and health characteristics are enumerated, analyzed, and compared by state for the United States. "As these data demonstrate, national health statistics, both behavioral and medical, vary widely by geographic area. Somehow, such regional and lifestyle factor differences need to be considered when social policies are debated and implemented."
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20669 Mier y Teran, Marta. Early feeding patterns and children's health in Mexico. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 451-74 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The main objective of this work is...the study of early feeding patterns and their relationship with diarrhea morbidity in the various sectors of Mexico's population....The data source is the National Fertility and Health Survey (ENFES, 1987)...."
Correspondence: M. Mier y Teran, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Del. Coyoacan, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20670 Rossi-Espagnet, A.; Goldstein, G. B.; Tabibzadeh, I. Urbanization and health in developing countries: a challenge for health for all. [L'urbanisation et la sante dans les pays en developpement: un defi pour la sante pour tous.] World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 44, No. 4, 1991. 186-244 pp. World Health Organization [WHO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
This is a special issue devoted to urbanization and health in the third world. The focus is on the poor and underserved populations in urban areas. Data are from a number of WHO sources.
Correspondence: World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20671 Steinhoff, Mark C. Prevalence and treatment of acute respiratory infection in three DHS countries. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 727-43 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"Acute [lower] respiratory infections [ALRI] are the most frequently experienced illnesses world wide, and in less developed countries they are a major cause of severe illness and death in infants and children....The purpose of this review is to investigate the levels, characteristics and differentials of reported ALRI symptoms and of treatment for ALRI in the three DHS I surveys which developed data on ALRI symptoms in 16,359 children in Zimbabwe, Bolivia and Egypt."
Correspondence: M. C. Steinhoff, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20672 Thieme, Horst R.; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos. On the possible effects of infection-age-dependent infectivity in the dynamics of HIV/AIDS. Population and Development Program: 1990 Working Paper Series, No. 2.26, [1990?]. 34 pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper we explore the role of variable infectivity in combination with a variable incubation period in disease dynamics in a homogeneously mixing population....In our model, the saturation of mean per capita sexual activity interacts with an infection-age-dependent rate (at which infected individuals are removed from sexual activity by the disease) and an infection-age-dependent infectivity of infected individuals. We have shown in this paper that the unique endemic equilibrium can lose its stability....We conclude with a not very optimistic view of the predictive value of mathematical models for HIV transmission."
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20673 van Ginneken, Jeroen K. Childhood diarrhoea morbidity and treatment patterns: a comparison of results of Demographic and Health Surveys with epidemiologic surveys. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 1. 1991. 745-56 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper will be limited to a comparison of DHS data with data from longitudinal studies supplemented with data from a few other cross-sectional surveys. The comparison will focus on morbidity due to diarrhea in children below five [in developing countries] and related treatment patterns. The paper will have four parts; first we will describe details of the methods used by DHS and DHS findings; next, details will be given of data collection methods and results of the epidemiologic studies; a comparison of the two data sets will follow in the third section; and conclusions will be drawn in the last section."
Correspondence: J. K. van Ginneken, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

No citations in this issue.

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.