Volume 58 - Number 2 - Summer 1992

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

58:20573 El-Ashry, Fatma M. Evaluation and adjustment of the 1986 census age-sex distribution of the population of Egypt. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1990. 1991. 317-51 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author analyzes 1986 Egyptian census data to determine patterns of age misreporting. Methods of evaluating data on age and sex distribution are described, and some comparative data from selected developing countries are offered. Adjusted population estimates by age and sex are then presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20574 Gauthier, Herve; Duchesne, Louis. Demographic aging and the elderly in Quebec. [Le vieillissement demographique et les personnes agees au Quebec.] Statistiques Demographiques, ISBN 2-551-14907-X. 1992. 297 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
This report examines aging in the Canadian province of Quebec and describes the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the aged. Chapters are included on past and future trends in demographic aging, factors affecting the growth in the numbers of the elderly, their geographical distribution, residential mobility, life-styles, participation in the labor force and social characteristics, income and assets, and health and the use of health services by the elderly.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 117 rue Saint-Andre, Quebec, Quebec G1K 3Y3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20575 Hugonot, Robert; Hugonot, Laurence. An atlas of aging and old age. [Atlas du vieillissement et de la vieillesse.] ISBN 2-86586-058-2. 1988. 455 pp. Editions Eres: Toulouse, France. In Fre.
This atlas contains a selection of 1,118 figures, tables, graphs, and maps on various aspects of aging and old age. The approach is interdisciplinary, but the main focus is on gerontology. A chapter is included on demographic aging. The geographical focus is on France, although some attention is paid to other countries.
Correspondence: Editions Eres, 19 rue Gustave Courbet, 31400 Toulouse, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20576 Kinsella, Kevin; Suzman, Richard. Demographic dimensions of population aging in developing countries. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1992. 3-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Several demographic aspects of population aging in developing countries are considered: the older old, the median age of a population, life expectancy and mortality, functional status and disability, sex differences, urbanization, and the labor force. While the demographic impact of population aging is becoming better appreciated, the descriptive epidemiology of age-related changes in health and physical functioning in developing countries is still at an early stage."
Correspondence: K. Kinsella, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Suitland, MD 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20577 Mitra, S. Below replacement fertility, net international migration and Canada's future population. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1992. 27-46 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The indefinite continuation of Canada's below replacement fertility and emigration as well as the current policy of admitting a fixed number of immigrants every year, will eventually result in a stationary population. The size and composition of that population will be determined by the same aspects of the immigrant population and its eventual adoption of the host country's reproductive norm. The characteristics of this population may differ from the conventional stationary population in several respects. Among others, the birth rate will be less than the death rate, and, in Canada's case, the ultimate age structure may not be monotonically declining but may show more than one modal age."
Correspondence: S. Mitra, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20578 Rallu, Jean-Louis. Selection, age, and performance of Formula 1 drivers. [Selection, age et performances des pilotes de Formule 1.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1991. 1,711-33 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Data on Formula 1 racing drivers from 1950 to 1988 are used to analyze the relationship between age and performance using demographic techniques. "Performance is highest between the ages of 25 and 29, and drops off thereafter. The best results are obtained during the fifth and sixth years of competing. The speed of decline in performance depends on the type of activity (racing or trials). The criterion used in naming a driver World Champion discriminates those under 25 or more than 30 years old and encourages the latter to seek early retirement."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20579 United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on Aging (Washington, D.C.); American Association of Retired Persons [AARP] (Washington, D.C.); Federal Council on the Aging (Washington, D.C); United States. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration on Aging (Washington, D.C.). Aging America: trends and projections. 1991 edition. Pub. Order No. DHHS (FCoA) 91-28001. [1991]. 273 pp. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report presents information on the status of the elderly in the United States. The first chapter gives information on the size and growth of the elderly population, including age distribution, race and ethnicity, sex distribution, life expectancy, and geographic distribution and migration. Other chapters are devoted to economic status, retirement trends and labor force participation, health and health care, and living arrangements of the elderly.
For the 1987-1988 edition, see 55:20588.
Correspondence: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20580 Velkoff, Victoria A. Aging trends: Hungary. No. PA/92-1, Mar 1992. 4 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is one in a series of short reports on demographic aging in various countries and regions around the world, which are based on data from the International Data Base on Aging at the U.S. Bureau of the Census. This report is on Hungary.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20581 Velkoff, Victoria A. Aging trends: the Baltic nations. No. PA/92-2, Mar 1992. 4 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is one in a series of short reports on demographic aging in various countries and regions around the world, which are based on data from the International Data Base on Aging at the U.S. Bureau of the Census. This report is on countries bordering the Baltic, including Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland.
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:20582 Boldsen, Jesper L. Season of birth and recalled age at menarche. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 24, No. 2, Apr 1992. 167-73 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"All 8th-form schoolgirls from the municipality of Odense in Denmark were asked at what age they reached menarche, and 886 girls (97.6%) gave this information. There is no evidence for seasonality in the time of birth but for far more girls than expected menarche occurred during winter or summer and fewer than expected during spring and autumn. This pattern appears primarily in girls living in the suburbs and was not seen in those living in central Odense. The seasonality appears to be brought about by differences in mean age at menarche according to the time of the year at birth."
Correspondence: J. L. Boldsen, University of Odense, Institute of Community Health, J. B. Winslows Vej 17, DK-5000 Odense C, Denmark. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20583 Dennis, Robert. Cultural change and the reproductive cycle. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 5, Mar 1992. 485-9 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"What we regard as 'normal' or 'natural' with respect to human female reproductive physiology differs greatly from the reproductive cycle experienced during most of human existence. Frequent ovulatory menstrual cycles really represent repeated abortive reproductive cycles and are unphysiological. A number of medical conditions, some of great importance, are the result of this change in the character of the reproductive cycle. Suppression of the menstrual cycle offers a means of decreasing the incidence and severity of these medical conditions."
Correspondence: R. Dennis, 135 Purdue Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94708. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:20584 Lipson, S. F.; Ellison, P. T. Normative study of age variation in salivary progesterone profiles. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 24, No. 2, Apr 1992. 233-44 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Daily luteal progesterone levels were measured for 124 regularly menstruating women, aged 18-44, by radioimmunoassay of steroid levels in saliva. A consistent pattern of age variation in luteal function was found, with the lowest levels of progesterone in the 18-19-year-old and 40-44-year-old groups, the highest values in the 25-34 year olds, and intermediate values in the 20-24 and 35-39-year-old groups. The striking similarity of this pattern of age variation with empirically and theoretically generated curves of apparent fecundability, suggests that age-related changes in ovarian function may underlie observed age variation in fecundability." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: S. F. Lipson, Harvard University, Department of Anthropology, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20585 Manton, Kenneth G.; Stallard, Eric; Tolley, H. Dennis. Limits to human life expectancy: evidence, prospects, and implications. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, Dec 1991. 603-37, 755, 757 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Identifying limits to human life expectancy and life span is difficult because survival is determined by the individual's physiology, exogenous influences, and their interaction over time. To explore theoretical limits, the authors examine the life expectancy of selected populations with good health behavior and apply a multivariate risk-factor model to longitudinal data. The risk-factor model and the population data produce consistent estimates of a lower bound of the theoretical limit to human life expectancy. The results suggest that such limits may be higher than estimates obtained by extrapolating human mortality trends, which, necessarily, are dependent on historical conditions. The investigation emphasizes the need to use information on individual physiological processes and health changes prior to death, in addition to mortality or 'endpoint' data, in making estimates." The low-risk populations studied are from the United States and Japan.
Correspondence: K. G. Manton, Duke University, Center for Demographic Studies, 2117 Campus Drive, Durham, NC 27706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20586 Raju, Saraswati; Premi, Mahendra K. Decline in sex ratio: alternative explanation re-examined. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 27, No. 17, Apr 25, 1992. 911-2 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
This is a continuation of a debate concerning the reasons for the adverse decline in the sex ratio in India. The importance of taking regional variations and their causes into account is stressed.
For a related article by S. Rajan et al., published in 1991, see 58:10555.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

58:20587 Bishop, John A.; Formby, John P.; Thistle, Paul D. Convergence of the South and non-South income distributions, 1969-1979. American Economic Review, Vol. 82, No. 1, Mar 1992. 262-72 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
Income distribution and inequalities in the southern United States are analyzed and compared with data for the rest of the country. "The evidence presented in this paper reveals that in the 1970's the South's income distribution either converged or moved significantly closer to the income distribution of the rest of the country. The degree of convergence depends on the definition of the recipient unit and, to a degree, on the particular cost-of-living index used to deflate Southern and non-Southern incomes." The convergence is attributed in part to the labor unionization in the Northeast and the resulting relocation of companies to the South. Data are from the 1970 and 1980 censuses and concern total household income.
Correspondence: J. A. Bishop, East Carolina University, Department of Economics, Greenville, NC 27850. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:20588 Cantillon, Bea. Socio-demographic changes, income distribution, and poverty. In: Population and family in the Low Countries 1991, edited by Gijs Beets, Robert Cliquet, Gilbert Dooghe, and Jenny de J. Gierveld. 1991. 95-122 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Lisse, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The results are presented of an empirical analysis of the consequences of socio-demographic changes on income distribution, poverty and the adequacy of social security. The research shows that recent socio-demographic trends are not only accompanied by the increase in the cost of social security, but also by important changes in income distribution and in the adequacy of social security....The aging of the population, combined with an increase in pension levels and the rise in the cost of health care, will probably cause problems for the welfare state in the future, with respect to the distribution of well-being, both between generations and between households within the same generation....The starting point for this contribution are the changes in income inequality and poverty within the Belgian population over the period 1976-1985, as measured by successive surveys conducted by the Antwerp Centre for Social Policy...."
Correspondence: B. Cantillon, University of Antwerp, Centre for Social Policy, Prinsstraat 13, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20589 Havanon, Napaporn; Knodel, John; Sittitrai, Werasit. The impact of family size on wealth accumulation in rural Thailand. Population Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, Mar 1992. 37-51 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"An analysis of survey and focus-group data collected in 1988 in two rural sites in Thailand indicates that couples with few children are better able to accumulate wealth than those with larger numbers of children. The study is based on partly matched samples of couples in intact marriages who began their childbearing during the 1960s or early 1970s. Family size is inversely related to accumulated wealth, as measured by consumer goods acquired, savings and quality of housing. These associations persist after other important determinants of the household's wealth level, including the couple's economic status during the early stages of the family-building process, have been controlled."
Correspondence: N. Havanon, Srinakharinwirot University, Prasarn Mitr Road, Sukhumwit 23, Bangkok 10110, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20590 Maxwell, Philip; Hite, James C. The recent divergence of regional per capita incomes: some evidence from Australia. Growth and Change, Vol. 23, No. 1, Winter 1992. 37-53 pp. Lexington, Kentucky. In Eng.
"This paper focuses upon interregional income divergence in Australia where a pattern very similar to that seen in the United States is discovered. Australian agricultural regions show downward divergence from the national mean per capita income and capital city regions show upward divergence."
Correspondence: P. Maxwell, Curtin University of Technology, School of Economics and Finance, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:20591 Nissan, Edward. Regional metropolitan and nonmetropolitan trends in annual growth rates of total personal income and population: 1959-1987. Growth and Change, Vol. 23, No. 1, Winter 1992. 1-15 pp. Lexington, Kentucky. In Eng.
"The annual growth rates of total personal income and population in regional metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas [of the United States] are examined for the period 1959-87, partitioned into sub periods. Statistical testing for equality of rates shows no perceptible differences in growth rates between the major categories, metro and nonmetro. Further, this study uses a model similar in scope to shift-share analysis to test for convergence of the growth rates within these categories. It was found that for both regional nonmetro and metro areas, there was a general trend toward convergence with the exception of the 1970s decade. In that decade total population growth rates in the nonmetro areas and total income and total population growth rates in the metro areas showed significant divergences."
Correspondence: E. Nissan, University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Economics, Southern Station, Box 50001, Hattiesburg, MS 39406. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

58:20592 Courbage, Youssef; Fargues, Philippe. Christians and Jews in Arab and Turkish Islam. [Chretiens et Juifs dans l'Islam arabe et turc.] ISBN 2-213-02877-4. 1992. 345 pp. Fayard: Paris, France. In Fre.
The changing fortunes of Christian and Jewish minorities in the Islamic-dominated regions surrounding the Mediterranean over the past nine centuries are analyzed. The authors examine the demographic consequences of the various political changes occurring over time. A chapter is included on the demographic aspects of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Correspondence: Librarie Artheme Fayard, 75 Rue des Saints-Peres, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20593 De Graaf, Paul M.; Huinink, Johannes J. Trends in measured and unmeasured effects of family background on educational attainment and occupational status in the Federal Republic of Germany. Social Science Research, Vol. 21, No. 1, Mar 1992. 84-112 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
The authors analyze data concerning over 6,000 West German children in order to estimate the effects of father's and mother's schooling, father's occupation, and family size on children's educational and occupational status. The data, which concern all children born to 1,653 families from three cohorts born around 1930, 1940, and 1950, are from the German Life History Study. "The analysis shows that there are unmeasured family factors which influence schooling and occupational status. Further, we find some evidence of trends in family effects on schooling over cohorts in West Germany, in that the effect of father's occupational status is decreasing, and no different family effects for males and females. Analyses on cross- and like-sex siblings pairs do not lead to divergent results. Including controls for measurement error we find no evidence for a family bias in the effect of schooling on occupational status in West Germany."
Correspondence: P. M. De Graaf, Tilburg University, Department of Sociology, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:20594 Drbohlav, Dusan. Where and why? Regional and residential preferences of residents in Prague. [Kam a proc? Regionalni a sidelni preference obyvatelstva Prahy.] Demografie, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1992. 40-51 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author examines data from surveys conducted in 1986 and 1987 among samples of residents of Prague, Czechoslovakia. The surveys concerned ideal or desired choices of residential location within Czechoslovakia and were conducted among four age groups ranging from 17 to 64 years. A strong preference to remain permanently settled is noted for all age groups, with younger respondents preferring to live in an urban environment.
Correspondence: D. Drbohlav, Geograficky Ustav CSAV, Vysehradska 49, 128 26 Prague 2, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20595 Gosal, R. P. S. Growth of India's scheduled caste population, 1971-81: a spatial analysis. Population Geography, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1990. 27-44 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author analyzes the spatial distribution and the rapid growth rate of India's scheduled caste population since 1971 and finds that "there are wide regional disparities in their rates of population growth. Areas with relatively high growth rates are associated with (i) accelerated process of urbanisation and industrialisation, (ii) expansion in mining activity, and (iii) intensification and commercialisation of agricultural development based on irrigation. By contrast, areas experiencing low rates of growth are associated with (i) continuing high mortality rate, and (ii) net out-migration arising from scarcity of resources, acute poverty and subjection to deprivations...."
Correspondence: R. P. S. Gosal, Panjab University, Department of Geography, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20596 Grundy, Emily M. D. Socio-demographic variations in rates of movement into institutions among elderly people in England and Wales: an analysis of linked census and mortality data 1971-1985. Population Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, Mar 1992. 65-84 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Data from the 1971 and 1981 census records of the OPCS Longitudinal Study (LS) members have been used to examine socio-demographic variations in the proportions of elderly people [in England and Wales] who lived in private households in 1971, but in institutions ten years later. Information on deaths of sample members 1971-85 has also been used as an indicator of the health status of various sub-groups of the LS population. The results show institutionalization rates to increase with age, to be highest for the single, and lowest for the currently married. Living arrangements in 1971 are also associated with differentials in institutionalization. Regression models which included a family/household variable fitted the data rather less well than models that included a marital-status term." Aspects considered include age, sex, marital status, social class, housing tenure, and health status.
Correspondence: E. M. D. Grundy, King's College London, Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, Cornwall House Annexe, Waterloo Road, London SE1 8TX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20597 Guhl, Nora L.; Sayed, Hussein A.-A. The expansion of female education in Egypt: evidence from survey data. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1990. 1991. 353-75 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The authors use data from censuses, household and fertility surveys, and surveys conducted by the Ministry of Education to explore national and regional trends in female educational status in Egypt. A significant increase in educational levels for women over the past 50 years is noted, with a greater increase observed in urban areas. The importance of using a variety of data sources to monitor these trends during non-censal years is emphasized.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20598 Gupta, N. L.; Kothari, Sadhana. Female literacy in Rajasthan, 1961-1981. Population Geography, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1990. 59-68 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"The paper attempts to highlight the significance of female literacy in Rajasthan [India] as an instrument of socio-economic change, [especially] among its scheduled tribe and scheduled caste components."
Correspondence: S. Kothari, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Pratap Nagar, Udaipur 313 001, Rajasthan, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20599 Kominski, Robert; Adams, Andrea. School enrollment--social and economic characteristics of students: October 1990. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 460, Apr 1992. v, 89, [45] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents detailed tabulations of data on school enrollment of the [U.S.] civilian noninstitutional population in October 1990. It also includes summary time series of data collected since the beginning of the survey. The data are from the October school enrollment supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS)....Data are shown by the following characteristics: age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, family status, family income, education of the householder, labor force status, metropolitan residence, region, and mother's labor force status and education (for preprimary enrollment)."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20600 Levy, Michel L. Illiteracy around the world. [L'analphabetisme dans le monde.] Population et Societes, No. 268, May 1992. [1-3] pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews global trends in illiteracy, based primarily on data from Unesco.
Correspondence: M. L. Levy, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20601 O'Hare, Aileen; Whelan, Christopher T.; Commins, Patrick. The development of an Irish census-based social class scale. Economic and Social Review, Vol. 22, No. 2, Jan 1991. 135-56 pp. Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
"This paper outlines the reasons for, and steps taken, to develop an Irish census-based social class scale. The willing participation of the Central Statistics Office in reorganising its occupational categories to devise this scale marks an innovative contribution to social research. The resulting classification has a validity in an Irish context beyond that of alternative scales and should be an asset to researchers in facilitating a more comprehensive and revealing analysis of census occupational data than has hitherto been feasible. The scale is based on the neo-Weberian concept of class and has six categories."
Correspondence: A. O'Hare, Health Research Board, 73 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

58:20602 Bachi, Roberto. World Jewish population: trends and policies. In: World Jewish population: trends and policies, edited by Sergio DellaPergola and Leah Cohen. 1992. 20-8 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel; Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Demographic Center: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
The author reviews the past, present, and future demographic trends of the world's Jewish population, discusses policies that might mitigate undesirable trends, and considers ways to improve knowledge about Jewish population trends.
Correspondence: R. Bachi, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20603 de Vos, Susan. Notes on the demography of black Africans in South Africa in the early 1980s. Africa Insight, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1991. 107-15 pp. Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
The demography of the black population of South Africa is analyzed and compared with that of blacks in the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, using data from official sources. "The article is organized into four sections. First, it surveys what is known about mortality and fertility (and family planning). Then it turns to the issue of the population's size, past growth and projected future growth. Finally, the article takes a bold leap into the morass of population distribution, involving forays into migration and urbanization." It is found that "black Africans in South Africa are demographically quite similar to other sub-Saharan populations."
Correspondence: S. de Vos, University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 4412 Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison WI 53706-1393. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:20604 DellaPergola, Sergio. New data on demography and identification among Jews in the U.S.: trends, inconsistencies and disagreements. Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics Occasional Paper, No. 1992-11, 1992. 18 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
Sociodemographic characteristics of the Jewish population in the United States are analyzed using data from the 1990 National Jewish Population Survey, which was sponsored by the Council of Jewish Federation. Special consideration is given to changes in the levels and trends of Jewish affiliation and the demographic implications of these trends, including the effects of assimilation, intermarriage, conversion to and from Judaism, and synagogue attendance patterns.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20605 Gitelman, Zvi. Recent demographic and migratory trends among Soviet Jews: implications for policy. Post-Soviet Geography, Vol. 33, No. 3, Mar 1992. 139-45 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
The author examines recent demographic trends concerning the Jewish population of the former USSR, with consideration given to both internal and international migration. "Among the factors whose effects on population dynamics are examined, emphasis is placed on the Jewish population's concentration in large urban areas, the effects of emigration on age structure of the remaining population, self-identification as a method in census enumeration, ethnic intermarriage and family characteristics, and the outlook and prospects for emigres in Israel and the United States." The effect of Soviet state policy on Jewish population dynamics is also considered.
Correspondence: Z. Gitelman, Hebrew University, Institute for Advanced Study, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:20606 Goldstein, Sidney. The demographics of American Jewry. In: World Jewish population: trends and policies, edited by Sergio DellaPergola and Leah Cohen. 1992. 53-64 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel; Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Demographic Center: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
The demographic characteristics of the Jewish population in the United States are analyzed. Separate consideration is given to marriage and fertility, intermarriage, residential mobility, and structural variables.
Correspondence: S. Goldstein, Brown University, Department of Sociology and Population Studies, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20607 Guboglo, Mikhail. Demography and language in the capitals of the Union republics. Journal of Soviet Nationalities, Vol. 1, No. 4, Winter 1990-1991. 1-42 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
This article presents some previously unpublished data from the 1989 Soviet census concerning changes in ethnic and linguistic characteristics. "It will focus on the changing ethnic composition of the capitals of the union republics, analyzing the changes that have occurred since the censuses of 1959, 1970, and 1979."
Correspondence: M. Guboglo, USSR Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Leninsky Pr. 14, Moscow V-71, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:20608 Howard, Cheryl A. Navajo tribal demography, 1983-1986, in comparative and historical perspective. Pub. Order No. DA9136263. 1991. 306 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at the University of New Mexico.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(7).

58:20609 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). Changing racial composition of metropolitan areas. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 73, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1992. 2-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The growth in the numbers of Asians, Hispanics, and Pacific Islanders migrating to the 25 largest U.S. metropolitan areas from other states and from outside the country is assessed. "In the past decade, the number of Hispanics and Asians or Pacific Islanders residing in the largest metropolitan areas increased by a remarkable 60 percent and 127 percent, respectively....By contrast, in this period the number of blacks--the largest minority group--rose by only one-seventh."
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20610 Min, Pyong Gap. A comparison of the Korean minorities in China and Japan. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 1, Spring 1992. 4-21 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article compares the Korean minorities in China and Japan in their differential levels of cultural autonomy and ethnic identity....In explaining the differential levels of ethnicity between the two Korean minority groups, this paper focuses on the basic differences in minority policy between the two countries; the difference in the context of migration; the existence or absence of a territorial base; and the differential levels of influence from Korea."
Correspondence: P. G. Min, City University of New York, Queens College, 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, NY 11367. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20611 Murdock, Steve H.; Ellis, David R. Patterns of ethnic change 1980 to 1990: the 1990 census. 1990 Census Series, No. 2, Feb 1991. x, iii; [274] pp. Texas A and M University, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Rural Sociology: College Station, Texas. In Eng.
This report, which is in two volumes, describes patterns of ethnic change in Texas between 1980 and 1990 using data from the U.S. census. The first volume includes a brief analysis of such changes as well as selected data. The second volume provides more extensive data by county and place.
Correspondence: Texas A and M University, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Rural Sociology, College Station, TX 77843-2125. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20612 Remillard, Sylvain. Evolution and demographic characteristics of native groups in Canada, 1986-2011. [Evolution et caracteristiques demographiques des groupes autochtones du Canada, 1986-2011.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring 1991. 69-94 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Population estimates and projections are presented and analyzed for the period 1986-2011 for the Native American population living in Canada. The analysis considers census underenumeration and the impact of recent legislation that increased the number of residents with Native American status by approximately 25 percent. It is concluded that "native groups will continue to grow at a higher rate than the Canadian population as a whole. Comparing the two populations shows a convergence for some demographic characteristics; however, the aging of the native population started much later."
Correspondence: S. Remillard, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20613 Schmelz, U. O. World Jewish population in the 1980s: a short outline. In: World Jewish population: trends and policies, edited by Sergio DellaPergola and Leah Cohen. 1992. 37-52 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel; Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Demographic Center: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
The author reviews demographic trends among Jewish populations around the world using data from a variety of sources, including Hebrew University's Institute of Contemporary Jewry. Estimates of the Jewish population are first presented for 1988 by region and major country. The demographic dynamics and population characteristics of Jews in Israel and in the Diaspora are then compared. The review concludes with population projections that show a decline in the global Jewish population from its present total of around 13 million, although the Jewish population in Israel will increase.
Correspondence: U. O. Schmelz, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20614 Schmelz, U. O.; DellaPergola, Sergio. World Jewish population, 1989. Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics Occasional Paper, No. 1991-09, 1991. 441-65 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
"This article presents updates, for the end of 1989, of the Jewish population estimates for the various countries of the world....In 1989, nearly 96 percent of world Jewry lived in...ten countries...; 83 percent lived in the three countries that have at least a million Jews each (United States, Israel, Soviet Union). Similarly, nine leading Diaspora countries together comprised over 94 percent of the Diaspora Jewish population; two countries (United States and Soviet Union) accounted for 76 percent, and the United States alone for over 61 percent of total Diaspora Jewry."
This paper is reprinted from the American Jewish Year Book (New York, New York), Vol. 91, 1991, pp. 441-65.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20615 Stevens, Gillian. The social and demographic context of language use in the United States. American Sociological Review, Vol. 57, No. 2, Apr 1992. 171-85 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this study, I investigate the relative frequency with which Americans with a non-English first language use English....The analysis...shows that a respondent's characteristics--education, age, nativity, length of residence in the United States if foreign born, and marital status--strongly influence the relative frequency with which the childhood language is used vis-a-vis English. The analysis also shows that...the size and degree of geographic segregation of the language groups affect group members' patterns of language use." The effect of a spouse's native language is also considered.
Correspondence: G. Stevens, University of Illinois, Department of Sociology, 702 South Wright Street, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:20616 Zhang, Tianlu. New trends in national minority population since the 1980s. Social Sciences in China, No. 13, Jan 1992. 54-66 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author discusses policies that were developed in China in the 1980s specifically for the minority populations, and describes how they differ from the country's general population policies. These differences center on a greater leniency toward fertility among minorities, such as a permitted norm of two children, and, in some cases, three or four children per couple. The author also describes recent demographic trends among the minority populations, with particular reference to falling fertility rates and continuing high general mortality and infant mortality rates. Aspects of the age and sex structure, educational status, and literacy of the minority populations are also reviewed.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

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