Joshua H. The power of large numbers: population and
politics in nineteenth century France. Pub. Order No. DA9203533.
1991. 295 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan.
This study examines the development of demography and the study of population issues in France. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of California at Berkeley.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(8).
58:20002 Lopez Toro,
Alvaro. Essays on demography and economics. [Ensayos
sobre demografia y economia.] ISBN 958-9028-81-0. 1991. 526 pp. Banco
de la Republica: Bogota, Colombia. In Spa.
This is a selection of the published work of the late Alvaro Lopez Toro, the eminent Colombian economist and demographer. Of the 16 studies included, eight were originally published in English and are translated here into Spanish. They are organized in three sections, entitled mathematical demography, demographic variables, and development and demography. A selection of tributes to Lopez Toro is also included.
Correspondence: Banco de la Republica, Carrera 7, #14-78 Apt., Aereo 3531, Bogota, Colombia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Daniel; Sottiaux, Claire. World population atlas.
[Atlas de la population mondiale.] Collection Dynamiques du Territoire,
ISBN 2-11-002605-7. 1991. 160 pp. RECLUS: Montpellier, France; La
Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
This atlas presents information on the world's population in over 100 maps and diagrams together with an explanatory text. Data are from a variety of published sources. Chapters are included on population dynamics, spatial distribution, the demographic transition, age and sex distribution, nuptiality and households, fertility, mortality, internal migration and urbanization, international migration, and future perspectives.
Correspondence: RECLUS, Maison de la Geographie, 17 rue Abbe de l'Epee, 34000 Montpellier, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20004 Cagiano de
Azevedo, Raimondo. The state of the world population,
1990. [Lo stato della popolazione mondiale 1990.] Affari Sociali
Internazionali, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1990. 3-41 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
The author presents a review of the global population situation based on published reports from United Nations sources. The importance of bringing family planning and population programs into the development process is stressed.
Location: New York Public Library.
Jean-Claude. World population from antiquity to 2050.
[La population du monde de l'antiquite a 2050.] Le Monde a la Carte,
ISBN 2-04-019395-2. 1991. 96 pp. Bordas: Paris, France. In Fre.
This book presents summary information in map form on the world's population. The maps are each accompanied by a page of text and are grouped under six main headings covering the peopling of the earth from year 1 to 1990, current demographic trends, the demographic transition, quality of life and living conditions, the future of the world's population, and regional data.
Correspondence: Bordas, 17 rue Remy-Dumoncel, B.P. 50, 75661 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20006 de Bruijn,
Bart J. The concept of rationality in social
sciences. PDOD Paper, No. 9, Feb 1992. 20 pp. Universiteit van
Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]:
Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The present paper constitutes part of a study whose ultimate aim is to contribute to an integration of existing fertility theories. This particular paper aims at the investigation of the concept of rationality as applied in disciplines closely related to demography. Furthermore, it tries to assess the extent to which these applications represent a realistic position with regard to the conception of decision makers....[The author describes] the way decision-making and rationality [are] dealt with in economics, sociology and psychology respectively."
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Erik. Thoughts on economic growth, based on the
development of human population and production 1750-1990.
Okonomisk Institut Memo, No. 1991-16, 1991. 16 pp. Aarhus Universitet,
Okonomisk Institut: Aarhus, Denmark. In Eng.
"The aims of the paper [are] 1) to underline the important differences between the [economic growth] models by Harrod and Solow, and the irrelevance of the latter as a model of the actual economic process, [and] 2) to present an argument refuting Marx's hypothesis of the [immiserization] of labour. For this purpose the analysis of productivity by Jean Fourastie (1952) proves very relevant and also supports that given by Schumpeter in 1911."
Correspondence: University of Aarhus, Institute of Economics, DK 8000 Aarhus, Denmark. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Dennis. Benjamin Franklin on population: from policy to
theory. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, Dec
1991. 639-61, 755, 757 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in
The author reviews both the population theory espoused in the 1750s by Benjamin Franklin and scholarly thought about the theory. He poses the question: "Was Franklin a Malthusian pessimist or a confident expansionist?...He maintained that the tendency of populations to expand until checked by the lack of subsistence was a cause of European miseries, yet he advocated rapid population growth for the American colonies....The contradictory elements in his writings are brought into accord by viewing them as the response of a generation to the distinctive situation it encountered. Franklin is assessed to be an advocate who shaped population theory to further the policy agenda of mid-eighteenth-century Americans."
Correspondence: D. Hodgson, Fairfield University, Department of Sociology, Fairfield, CT 06430. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vijay K.; Stein, Sheldon H. A dynamic interregional theory
of migration and population growth. Land Economics, Vol. 67, No.
3, Aug 1991. 292-8 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The authors attempt to bring the theory of regional amenity value determination together with a theoretical framework on migration to form a cohesive theoretical model. They build on previous efforts to do this by introducing factors such as the housing market and determination of the equilibrium level of real full income. The implied geographical focus is on the United States.
For a related study, published in 1988, see 54:30513.
Correspondence: V. K. Mathur, Cleveland State University, Department of Economics, Euclid Avenue at 24th Street, Cleveland, OH 44115. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
58:20010 Turke, Paul
W. Theory and evidence on wealth flows and old-age
security: a reply to Fricke. Population and Development Review,
Vol. 17, No. 4, Dec 1991. 687-702, 756, 758 pp. New York, New York. In
Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"In a previous article in this journal, the author used an evolutionary framework to elaborate a theory of demographic transition, which he labeled the kinship hypothesis. Here he rebuts the published criticisms of Thomas Fricke. Fricke claims that the author's approach deemphasizes learning and culture and accordingly embraces an invalid genetic determinism. This reply contends that Fricke misunderstands the underlying evolutionary arguments and, accordingly, finds major methodological and empirical shortcomings where none exist...."
For the critique by Thomas E. Fricke, published in 1990, see 56:40006.
Correspondence: P. W. Turke, University of Michigan, Institute of Gerontology, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Zinsmeister, Karl. Supply-side demography.
National Interest, No. 19, Spring 1990. 68-75 pp. Washington, D.C. In
The author describes the recent growth of a revisionist school of population studies that rejects the notion that rapid population growth is detrimental to socioeconomic development and thus needs to be slowed through antinatalist policies such as family planning programs. He cites the 1986 report on population by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences as evidence that many experts believe that slower rates of population growth in developing countries would yield only modest socioeconomic development benefits. He suggests that the key concept of the revisionist school is that in most countries, the crucial variable affecting future development is the structure of relevant economic and political institutions, not the rate of population growth.
Correspondence: K. Zinsmeister, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1150 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Richard L. The European family and economy: central
themes and issues. Journal of Family History, Vol. 17, No. 2,
1992. 119-38 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"This article explores ways in which recent work on the European peasant household by economic historians, demographers, anthropologists, sociologists and women's historians fits together. The main underlying thread is the interworking of economic factors with various aspects of family structure and household strategies. It examines the effects of institutional and economic factors on family structure. It then examines the effects of family structure on inheritance strategies, demographic strategies, and economic strategies within the household. It traces the growth of protoindustrialization theory and evaluates its utility in a revised form. It explores the effects of the protoindustrial household on the broader economy and on family power and affective relationships such as patriarchy, gender roles, attitudes toward children, and sibling relationships."
Correspondence: R. L. Rudolph, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Hilary. AIDS: conceptual and methodological issues in
researching sexual behaviour in Sub-Saharan Africa. Social Science
and Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 5, Mar 1992. 475-83 pp. Elmsford, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues encountered in the course of a study of mainly anthropological secondary source materials on sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa. Its aim was to survey and review existing literature and other secondary sources available both outside and within Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa and to evaluate their usefulness to AIDS research and prevention. The review cautioned against the uncritical use of anthropological sources without due regard for their conceptual and methodological status. At the same time it demonstrated important ways in which anthropological insights can inform AIDS research."
Correspondence: H. Standing, University of Sussex, School of African and Asian Studies, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
M. Demography and criminality. [Demografiya i
prestupnost'.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 8, 1991. 79-80 pp. Moscow, USSR.
The author defines interests shared by the sciences of demography and criminology, with a focus on the importance of information such as age, sex, migration, and fertility as indicators in the study of criminology. Statistical methods used in each field are compared using data from the 1989 USSR census, statistical reports, and selected surveys conducted by the author.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard T.; Glazer, Nathan; Thernstrom, Stephan A. Our
changing population. ISBN 0-13-642661-1. LC 91-30137. 1992. xii,
500 pp. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. In Eng.
This book is concerned with demographic trends in the United States and their consequences. Following an outline of historical population trends, it examines such topics as demographic aging, changing family structures, changes in ethnic and racial structure, and issues for the distant future. The book is designed primarily as a textbook for a one-semester general course in the field of population analysis.
Correspondence: Prentice Hall, Route 9 West, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard. Using field visits to improve the quality of
family planning, health, and nutrition programs: a supervisor's
manual. Policy, Research, and External Affairs Working Paper, No.
WPS 797, Oct 1991. 20 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This manual is designed to help supervising staff conduct effective field visits to family planning, health, and nutrition programs in developing countries.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Vivian Z. DEM-LAB: teaching demography through
computers. ISBN 0-13-203035-7. LC 91-30252. 1992. xvi, 203, 
pp. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. In Eng.
The author presents a system of teaching demography using personal computers. "DEM-LAB [was designed] to make the innovations in computer technology, both hardware and software, available to faculty and students. The book...is particularly suitable for undergraduate courses in sociology, demography, and economics." Chapter 1 includes information on how to install the software programs and describes the main aspects of those programs. The programs are included on a 3 1/2" high-density (1.4 MB) disk, which requires the use of an IBM PC or compatible microcomputer system. The other five chapters are subject-oriented and contain a number of projects that use software programs to carry out a series of tasks. The topics are world population, population projection, age and sex structure, fertility, and mortality.
Correspondence: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20018 Ross, G.
Alexander. A student guide to manuscript census schedules
in social research. 1991. 25 pp. Saginaw Valley State University:
University Center, Michigan. In Eng.
"This guide is intended to help students use [U.S.] manuscript census schedules [for historical research]....These manuscript schedules are copies (usually microfilm) of the original, handwritten documents....In chapter one I begin with a brief introduction to the census as a data source. Chapter two provides specific suggestions about how one may select the schedules to examine and how one can then obtain the necessary microfilm copies. Chapter three is devoted to a presentation of several measurements which one can make using data collected from the census forms....Chapter four presents suggestions about techniques of using a computer for analyzing the data collected from the manuscript census....Finally, in three appendices, I have included supporting material. Appendix I contains several pages of photocopies from the federal manuscript census for Saginaw County, Michigan in 1850....Appendix II presents several statistical measurements for the State of Michigan in 1850....Appendix III contains a sample of published works using the manuscript schedules as a data source."
Correspondence: G. A. Ross, Saginaw Valley State University, College of Arts and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Sociology, 2250 Pierce Road, University Center, MI 48710. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
David P. Formal demography. Plenum Series on
Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, ISBN 0-306-43869-0. LC
91-37248. 1992. xiv, 329 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York/London,
England. In Eng.
"This book is intended as a relatively nontechnical introduction to current demographic methods....The book begins with an overview of demographic concepts and measures, including population pyramids and the Lexis diagram, to introduce readers to usual population configurations. Chapter 2 reviews data adjustment techniques that are widely used in demography, and includes elementary formulas for curve fitting, osculatory interpolation, and a selection of parametric distributions which find applications in fertility analysis. The chapter also introduces integral and derivative fittings for polynomial distributions, used in conjunction with the life table. Data adjustment by direct and indirect standardization is treated separately in Chapter 3. Chapters 4-6 focus on life table methodology....The later chapters of the book discuss fertility analysis, population projections and migration, and stable population theory."
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013-1578. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:20020 Weeks, John
R. Population: an introduction to concepts and
issues. 5th ed. ISBN 0-534-17346-2. LC 92-6251. 1992. xix, 579 pp.
Wadsworth: Belmont, California. In Eng.
This is the fifth edition of this secondary school textbook on demography. It is organized into five sections. Part one introduces demographic concepts and provides an overview of the current world population situation. Part two deals with the basic demographic variables: fertility, mortality, and migration. The third part covers population structure and characteristics. Part four concerns the relation between population and such issues as aging, women's status, household structure, urbanization, economic development, and the environment. The final section puts the demographic perspective to use and discusses current population policy. An appendix is included on the life table, net reproduction rate, and standardization. The geographical scope is worldwide.
For the third edition of this book, published in 1986, see 52:30022.
Correspondence: Wadsworth Publishing, 10 Davis Drive, Belmont, CA 94002. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).