Volume 58 - Number 1 - Spring 1992

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

58:10428 Bonvalet, Catherine; Lelievre, Eva. Residential mobility in France and in Paris since 1945: the history of a cohort. Population. English Selection, Vol. 2, 1990. 187-212 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
Using data from two retrospective surveys carried out in France in 1981 and 1986, the authors "reconstitute the residential history of a cohort and...measure the differences [in migration histories] between Paris and the whole of France....We shall attempt to reconstruct the residential histories of these individuals, by analysing firstly the stage when they left their parents to set up their first independent home, and secondly mobility throughout their life course, paying particular attention to the extension of home ownership in this cohort."
This is a translation of the French article published in 1989 and cited in 56:10416.
Correspondence: C. Bonvalet, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10429 Bulusu, L. A review of migration data sources. Population Trends, No. 66, Winter 1991. 45-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author summarizes the main points and recommendations from a review of migration data sources in the United Kingdom. The report, by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, is to be published later in 1992.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10430 Federici, Nora. Migration: some points of interest. [Le migrazioni: che cosa interessa conoscere.] Genus, Vol. 47, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1991. 153-62 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The concept of migration is defined and categories describing such movements are outlined. "The author proposes a category of migration movements...which would allow for internationally comparable classifications. The basic characteristics are: type of frontier crossed, length and/or recurrence, [and] intentionality of movement...."
Correspondence: N. Federici, Universita degli Studi La Sapienza, Via Nomentana 41, Rome 00161, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10431 Greenwood, Michael J.; Mueser, Peter R.; Plane, David A.; Schlottmann, Alan M. New directions in migration research: perspectives from some North American regional science disciplines. Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1991. 237-70 pp. Secaucus, New Jersey/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper takes several surveys of the literature concerning migration research as its starting point and directs the reader toward a number of potentially fruitful lines for future research. Major sections include one on modeling migrant choice in which the pros and cons of using gross versus net migration measures are discussed. A second introduces and discusses the concept of a 'spatial' choice set, which has the potential to be implemented with laboratory experimental techniques. The third involves a wide-ranging discussion of new directions in modeling the interrelationships between employment and migration." The primary geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: M. J. Greenwood, University of Colorado, Department of Economics, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10432 Lightfoot, Paul. Population mobility. In: South East Asian development: geographical perspectives, edited by Denis Dwyer. ISBN 0-582-30149-1. LC 89-13809. 1990. 256-77 pp. Longman Scientific and Technical: Harlow, England. In Eng.
This is a comparative analysis of migration patterns in Southeast Asia, with a focus on Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. The author first summarizes recent migration trends and then looks at the causes and consequences of migration. A section is included on planned migrations that result from specific government policies.
Correspondence: P. Lightfoot, Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Co-Operatives, Bangkok, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10433 Mulder, Clara H. Age-period-cohort models of short and long distance migration in the Netherlands. PDOD Paper, No. 6, Nov 1991. 13, [6] pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The effects of age, period, and cohort (APC) on migration behavior are analyzed using data for the Netherlands. "This paper explores whether APC analysis is fruitful in providing new conclusions when studying aggregate migration data from vital statistics. First, some expectations are formulated as to the existence of age, period, and cohort effects. Then, the data and methods are described. Next, the results of the analyses are presented. Each of the possible perspectives within the age-period-cohort framework will be adopted: the age-by-period, the age-by-cohort, the period-by-cohort, and the age-by-period-by-cohort perspective. It will be shown how each perspective gives rise to its own conclusions on the existence of age, period, and cohort effects, and how these conclusions together permit a meaningful interpretation. The paper concludes with a discussion of the main results and some intentions for future research."
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10434 Pooley, Colin G.; Whyte, Ian D. Migrants, emigrants and immigrants: a social history of migration. ISBN 0-415-04976-8. LC 91-19817. 1991. xiv, 231 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The nine papers in this volume were originally presented at the 1989 annual conference of the Social History Society in Oxford, England. The theme of this conference was migration and social change. The papers span the period from the seventeenth to the twentieth century and cover both internal and international migration. While the primary geographical focus is on the United Kingdom, the section on emigration considers the effect on place of destination, including Australia, the United States, and other areas of European settlement. Papers comparing Scotland and England are included in the section on internal migration, as are studies on the role of the family in the migration process, and migration from Wales to England over time. The final paper examines immigration to Britain.
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10435 Rajulton, Fernando. Migrability: a diffusion model of migration. Genus, Vol. 47, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1991. 31-48 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
The author analyzes propensity to migrate using data from the Korean National Migration Survey of 1983. "A measure can be introduced--migrability, denoting the capacity of individuals to migrate, perhaps determined genetically and environmentally. Migrability is an unobservable, it is not possible to measure it directly, but an indirect way of measuring it at cohort level is illustrated. Its use in further analyses of migration is also suggested."
Correspondence: F. Rajulton, University of Western Ontario, Department of Sociology, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10436 Simmons, Alan B. Explaining migration: theory at the crossroads. [Explicando la migracion: la teoria en la encrucijada.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 6, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1991. 5-31, 215 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author presents the case that the study of migration over the past century has become too diverse. He reviews works by writers from the several disciplines covering the topic, then cites the need to develop a consistent classification of the types of migration and their origins using standardized terminology.
Correspondence: A. B. Simmons, York University, Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean, 4700 Keele Street, North York, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10437 Sukamdi. The typology of migration: developing an alternative concept. [Tipologi migrasi: suatu alternatif pengembangan konsep.] Populasi, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1991. 57-64 pp. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
Alternative ways to improve the definitions used in migration studies in Indonesia are explored using data from recent migration surveys carried out at Gadjah Mada University. They involve treating migration as a continuing process rather than an isolated move. "By introducing the variable of intention to remain at the destination and the length of migrants' stay in the destination, a fourfold typology of migrant type can be created: circular migrants, migrants who intend to remain circular, migrants who intend to be permanent and permanent migrants."
Correspondence: Sukamdi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan, Bulaksumur Blok G-7, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10438 Yadava, Kedar N. S.; Singh, Ram B. A probability model for the distribution of the number of migrants at the household level. Genus, Vol. 47, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1991. 49-62 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
The authors propose a probability model to describe the pattern of total number of migrants from a household. The estimation of the involved parameters and the application of the model are illustrated using data for India.
Correspondence: K. N. S. Yadava, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10439 Zlatanova, Valentina. Some problems concerning the study of migration. [Nyakoi problemi na izsledvane na migratsionnoto povedenie.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1990. 7-15 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Some theoretical, methodological, and practical problems involved in the study of migration are examined. The focus is on the mechanisms of the decision-making process that precedes migration.
Correspondence: V. Zlatanova, Balgarskata Akademiya na Naukite, Institut po Sotsiologiya, ul. Akad. G. Bonchev bl. 5, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

58:10440 Addleton, J. The impact of the Gulf war on migration and remittances in Asia and the Middle East. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 4, Dec 1991. 509-26 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author discusses the impact of the 1990 Gulf war on the migrant worker populations in the region, with a focus on migration and remittances in Asia and the Middle East. Both immediate and long-term effects are considered. "From the perspective of foreign migrant communities living in the Gulf...the war...was much more of a disaster for Arabs than for Asians....Arab migrant populations...were dramatically affected by the Gulf crisis. In contrast, the Asian migrant community was largely concentrated in Saudi Arabia and the [United Arab Emirates] and remained relatively less affected by the crisis. Subsequent polarization in the Arab world gives Asian labor-exporting countries an unexpected opportunity to increase their share of Gulf labor markets still further in the coming years."
Correspondence: J. Addleton, U.S. Agency for International Development, Pretoria, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10441 Appleyard, Reginald T. International migration: challenge for the nineties. ISBN 92-9068-036-9. [1991]. [xi], 84 pp. International Organization for Migration [IOM]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"This monograph...attempts to assess the volume, direction and composition of contemporary international migration with a view to assessing whether, as has been claimed, the conditions for mass migration are steadily developing. Likely trends in volume and composition of migration during the next few years are also suggested. And on the grounds that income differentials between countries of the North and South (an accepted primary cause of mass migration) are both wide or widening, global economic policies designed to reduce the differentials are proposed and discussed."
Correspondence: International Organization for Migration, 17 route des Morillons, Case Postale 71, CH-1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10442 Arthur, John A. International labor migration patterns in West Africa. African Studies Review, Vol. 34, No. 3, Dec 1991. 65-87 pp. Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
"This paper is an attempt to understand the economic and sociocultural factors that have influenced the character of the international migratory flow of labor in West Africa. The hub of the investigation is to provide an understanding of the patterns of labor migration in West Africa and evaluate the models utilized in the explanation of international migratory trends in the region....The discussion will highlight the socioeconomic, cultural, and political characteristics of the migrant labor receiving areas (places of destination) and the sending areas (places of origination). The objective here is to isolate the major determinants of the labor migratory process as well as the motives for migration at the micro- and macrolevels of analysis."
Correspondence: J. A. Arthur, Augusta College, Department of Sociology, Augusta, GA. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10443 Balakrishnan, T. R. Immigration and urban development. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 91-10, ISBN 0-7714-1333-5. Aug 1991. 15 pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
"The focus of [this article] is an examination of how immigrant groups change the ethnic profile of metropolitan areas [in Canada] and some of the social issues arising from recent immigration trends."
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10444 Barkan, Elliott. New origins, new homeland, new region: American immigration and the emergence of the Sunbelt, 1955-1985. In: Searching for the Sunbelt: historical perspectives on a region, edited by Raymond A. Mohl. ISBN 0-87049-640-9. LC 89-77169. 1990. 124-48 pp. University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The increased role played by the U.S. Sunbelt as an immigration destination during the period 1955-1985 is examined. The focus is on movement to the major southern ports of entry: Miami, New Orleans, El Paso, Phoenix, Los Angeles, and Honolulu. The rapid growth these urban areas have experienced due to the influx of U.S. northerners is acknowledged, and a major trend toward settlement in the area by foreign immigrants is identified.
Correspondence: E. Barkan, California State University, 5500 University Parkway, San Bernardino, CA 92407. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10445 Blaschke, Jochen. Foreign labor in a reunited Germany. [Les travailleurs etrangers dans l'Allemagne reunifiee.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1991. 63-82 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger.
The author discusses migration into Germany, primarily since World War II, with a focus on the impact on the German labor market. The radical changes that came about in the late 1980s as a result of granting political asylum to third-world refugees and of the readmittance of persons of German descent who wanted to repatriate are then assessed. The author foresees new trends in migration into the country in the period following reunification and predicts some of their effects.
Correspondence: J. Blaschke, Berliner Institut fur Vergleichende Sozialforchung, Potsdamer Strasse 91, Postfach 1125, D-1000 Berlin 30, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10446 Bohning, W. R. Integration and immigration pressures in western Europe. International Labour Review, Vol. 130, No. 4, 1991. 445-58 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"With xenophobia resurgent in Europe, this article addresses some of the complexities of immigration and integration in EC [European Community] and EFTA [European Free Trade Association] countries. The categories of legal and illegal immigrants (including estimates thereof) are first described, as are the necessary ingredients of an integration policy (a framework law, a secure environment, cultural tolerance, demarginalization in housing and the labour market). The author then considers what types of action would help to ease the present immigration pressure, discussing in turn quota policies, project-tied or training migration and, finally, the use of international aid."
Correspondence: W. R. Bohning, International Labour Office, International Migration for Employment Branch, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

58:10447 Center for Migration Studies (Staten Island, New York). U.N. International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 4, Winter 1991. 685-919 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
This special issue contains 14 papers that discuss aspects of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families that was adopted by the United Nations in 1990. The papers are divided into three parts, the first of which looks at the historical background to the Convention, the second at its significance, and the third at prospects for and barriers to its implementation. The geographical scope is worldwide. The text of the Convention is provided.
Correspondence: Center for Migration Studies, 209 Flagg Place, Staten Island, NY 10304-1199. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10448 Condon, Stephanie A.; Ogden, Philip E. Afro-Caribbean migrants in France: employment, state policy and the migration process. Institute of British Geographers: Transactions, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1991. 440-57 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Afro-Caribbean labour in France plays a distinctive role relative to the French population as a whole and the foreign immigrant population. Using a variety of qualitative and quantitative sources, this paper demonstrates that the role of the state in the process of migration from the French Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe from the early 1960s onwards was crucial....Aggregate sources are used to describe detailed occupational distributions while records of individual migrants illustrate the process of migration and the influences on employment. At a time usually characterized by lack of direct involvement in migration by the French state, for Afro-Caribbeans state intervention in recruitment, training and settlement is shown to be very substantial."
Correspondence: S. A. Condon, University of London, Queen Mary and Westfield College, Department of Geography, 327 Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10449 Condon, Stephanie A.; Ogden, Philip E. Emigration from the French Caribbean: the origins of an organized migration. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1991. 505-23 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors analyze the French government's organized support of labor migration from the islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe to France. "The specific goal here is to examine the origins and early workings of the organized migration policy during the 1960s....[The paper] has three principal aims: first, to set these flows in the broader contexts of Caribbean emigration and of French immigration; second, to trace the origins of the state institutional framework of migration during the 1950s and 1960s, particularly the setting up of the migration agency, the Bureau for Migration from the Overseas Departments..., and opposition to it; and, third, to assess the early workings of the policy through the records of individual migrants."
Correspondence: S. A. Condon, University of London, Queen Mary and Westfield College, Department of Geography, 327 Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10450 de Beer, J. International migration: recent developments and expectations for the future. [Buitenlandse migratie: recente ontwikkeling en toekomstverwachting.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 1, Jan 1992. 29-40 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
International migration trends in the Netherlands in 1991 are reviewed. Separate consideration is given to labor migration, migration of European Community nationals, and refugees.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10451 Edwards, Richard; Garonna, Paolo. The forgotten link: labor's stake in international economic cooperation. ISBN 0-8476-7676-5. LC 90-11677. 1991. x, 132 pp. Rowman and Littlefield: Savage, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors examine the potential advantages to working people of the growing trend toward international integration. They attempt to broaden the conceptualization of labor's interest and to suggest policies that would achieve for labor the benefits of international integration. One issue considered is that of international labor migration. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 8705 Bollman Place, Savage, MD 20763. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10452 Fogleman, Aaron. Migrations to the thirteen British North American colonies, 1700-1775: new estimates. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 22, No. 4, Spring 1992. 691-709 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This note suggests an alternative method for measuring eighteenth-century migration [to the United States]....The method relies on three sources of information for estimating the volume and timing of eighteenth-century immigration....The first source is the work of ethnic-group historians who have produced plausible estimates of immigration for their respective groups. The second source...is the more qualitative aspects of the ethnic-group historians' work on the timing, flow, and general conditions of the various migrations. The last source is an improved surname analysis of the first federal census in 1790...." Estimates of the ethnic composition of migrant populations are presented for each of the 13 American colonies.
Correspondence: A. Fogleman, University of South Alabama, Department of History, 230 Administration Building, Mobile, AL 36688. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

58:10453 Georges, Eugenia. The making of a transnational community: migration, development, and cultural change in the Dominican Republic. ISBN 0-231-07096-9. LC 89-28628. 1990. xi, 270 pp. Columbia University Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a study on aspects of migration from the Dominican Republic to the United States. It is an anthropological study on how migration from one village and its surrounding area has developed over time, with a focus on the consequences for the place of origin. Topics examined include migrant and nonmigrant characteristics, the social and economic consequences of migration, social mobility and migration, gender relations and women's status, and the ideological and cultural impact of migration.
Correspondence: Columbia University Press, 562 West 113th Street, New York, NY 10025. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10454 Glazier, I. A.; Kleiner, Robert J. Emigration from southern and eastern Europe to the United States based on U.S. steamship passenger lists: 1910. [La emigracion desde Europa del sud y del este a los Estados Unidos a partir de las listas de vapores llegados a los Estados Unidos: 1910.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 6, No. 18, Aug 1991. 147-60 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Nominal data from ships' manifests provide systematic and reliable data on migrants of [earlier periods]. Analyzing two samples of such manifests, one involving Italian immigrants, the other Russian immigrants in the United States, the structural characteristics of the family, social networks in the communities of origin and destination, sex, age, and marital status as well as literacy and occupation are revealed." Data are for the year 1910.
Correspondence: R. J. Kleiner, Ullevaal Hospital, Center for Social Networks and Health, Oslo, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10455 Hatzipanayotou, Panos. International migration and remittances in a two-country temporary equilibrium model. Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1991. 49-62 pp. Bradford, England. In Eng.
"This article examines the effects of international migration and remittances in both the source and host countries within a two-country temporary equilibrium macroeconomic model....The objective in this article is to determine whether income, trade, and fiscal policies induce or discourage international migration; and evaluate, with emigration-cum-remittances, the analytical implications of such macroeconomic policies on income and welfare in the two countries. All policies are evaluated with respect to their effects on income and welfare of domestic nationals."
Correspondence: P. Hatzipanayotou, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10456 Hossain, Mokerrom; Lowy, Richard F. Migration from Bangladesh to the Middle East: volume, trends, and consequences. Asian and African Studies, Vol. 24, No. 1, Mar 1990. 75-88 pp. Haifa, Israel. In Eng.
The authors provide a socioeconomic profile and an analysis of labor migration from Bangladesh to the Middle East, which peaked in the early 1980s. They compare this migration with earlier Bangladeshi migration to the United Kingdom. Because migration to the Middle East was organized by the governments concerned rather than by individuals, the authors feel that it is unlikely to result in the establishment of permanent ethnic minority populations as it did in the United Kingdom. They also suggest that this migration has favored wealthy Bangladeshis.
Correspondence: M. Hossain, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

58:10457 Icduygu, Ahmet. Diversification of birthplace groups in Australia: how did Turkish immigrants differ from the others? Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 13, 1991. 13-31 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng. with sum. in Tur.
"This paper presents a comparison of the Turkish-born population with some other selected birthplace groups in Australia....[Data analysis] revealed that among the birthplace groups examined the Turkish-born population...were in a situation where they had become locked into a visible structural disadvantage. This was reflected in a relatively high proportion of persons with no qualifications, and those working as labourers; a high level of unemployment; a low income level and dependency on the government's social benefits; a relatively high proportion living in high-rise Housing Commission flats; a low incidence of Australian citizenship; a lack of English language proficiency; and little sign of ethnic mixture in terms of intermarriages."
Correspondence: A. Icduygu, Stockholm University, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10458 Kalin, Walter; Moser, Rupert. Migration from the third world: causes and effects. [Migrationen aus der Dritten Welt: Ursachen und Wirkungen.] Publikation der Akademischen Kommission der Universitat Bern, 2nd ed. Vol. 1, ISBN 3-258-04405-8. 1991. 216 pp. Paul Haupt: Bern, Switzerland. In Ger.
This publication contains papers presented at an interdisciplinary symposium held at the University of Bern on April 20-22, 1989. The symposium focused on migration from developing countries to Switzerland and other industrialized countries of Western Europe. The papers are grouped into sections dealing with the causes of migration, migration and the world system, the effects of migration, and norms for migration policy.
Correspondence: Verlag Paul Haupt, Falkenplatz 14, 3012 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10459 Khader, Bichara. Migration to the Gulf. [Les migrations vers le Golfe.] Relations Internationales, No. 66, Summer 1991. 183-98 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The migration of Arabs to the oil-producing countries of the Arabian Gulf is analyzed. The author also considers the implications of migration from elsewhere in Asia to the Gulf countries, and the effects of the recent invasion of Kuwait and the war to expel Iraq from Kuwait. The fact that migrants form a majority of the population in several countries is noted.
Correspondence: B. Khader, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Centres d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Monde Arabe Contemporain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10460 Kouame, Aka. A contribution to the demographic history of West Africa: a study of migration from Burkina Faso to Ghana and the Ivory Coast during the colonial period. [Contribution a la demographie historique ouest africaine: une etude des migrations burkinabe vers le Ghana et la Cote d'Ivoire pendant la periode coloniale.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 280, [1990]. [26] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
Past trends in migration to Ghana and the Ivory Coast by the population of what is now Burkina Faso are reviewed, using data from a survey undertaken in 1960-1961. The focus is on how colonial policy affected the choice of country of destination. Particular attention is given to mortality among migrants.
This article was originally published in Etude de la Population Africaine/African Population Studies, No. 4, Aug 1990, pp. 69-94.
Correspondence: Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10461 Kuijper, H.; Noordam, R. Strong increase in immigration in 1990. [Forse stijging van de immigratie in 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 39, No. 12, Dec 1991. 23-8 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Statistics are presented for the Netherlands for the year 1990 on international migration, population growth due to migration, and the emigration and return of both nationals and foreigners. An increase of some 19 percent in the number of immigrants occurred, while emigration declined by 4 percent. The problem of underreporting of migrants, especially foreigners, is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10462 Lebon, Andre. Immigration and the presence of foreigners in France, 1990-1991: the data and facts. [Immigration et presence etrangere en France 1990/1991: les donnees, le faits.] Documents Affaires Sociales, ISBN 2-11-002719-3. Oct 1991. 117 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de l'Integration, Direction de la Population et des Migrations: Paris, France; Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the fourth in a series of reports that present data and quantitative information on immigration and the foreign population resident in France. The data concern 1990 and the first half of 1991. The first two chapters provide data on recent immigration trends and the foreign population, including first results from the 1990 census. The third chapter describes changes in the law concerning entry, duration of stay, work, and integration into French society, as well as reintegration of returning migrants in their countries of origin.
For a previous report concerning 1988-1989, see 55:40455.
Correspondence: Documentation Francaise, 29-31 quai Voltaire, 75344 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10463 Lucassen, Jan. Dutch long distance migration: a concise history 1600-1900. IISG Research Paper, No. 3, 1991. 52 pp. International Institute of Social History [IISG]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This is a general review of the history of international migration in the Netherlands from 1590 to 1900. "We first consider immigration to the Netherlands; we then discuss emigration, and finally the importance of migration in the development of the Netherlands during the period studied, and the European significance of Dutch migration history." Particular attention is paid to the importance of labor migration.
Correspondence: International Institute of Social History, Cruquiusweg 31, 1019 AT Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10464 Miles, R. Migration to Britain: the significance of a historical approach. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 4, Dec 1991. 527-43 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author discusses migration to Great Britain since 1945, with a focus on the importance of taking a historical approach in order to understand long-held assumptions regarding migration from the British Caribbean and the Indian subcontinent. Causes and consequences of non-European migrants being considered members of distinct and inferior races are analyzed. The author concludes that "when seeking to explain the nature and significance of racism in contemporary Europe, we might usefully begin by focussing on the processes involved in the construction and reproduction of the Nation-State...."
Correspondence: R. Miles, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10465 Mohl, Raymond A. Miami: new immigrant city. In: Searching for the Sunbelt: historical perspectives on a region, edited by Raymond A. Mohl. ISBN 0-87049-640-9. LC 89-77169. 1990. 149-75 pp. University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The role of Miami as a major immigrant city in the United States is explored. The author suggests that in contrast to earlier trends, migration to Miami, particularly from Cuba, demonstrates a new pattern of adjustment to, rather than assimilation into, mainstream American society and culture. The growth of ethnicity and biculturalism as major forces in Miami is described.
Correspondence: R. A. Mohl, Florida Atlantic University, Department of History, Boca Raton, FL 33431. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10466 Murayama, Yuzo. Information and emigrants: interprefectural differences of Japanese emigration to the Pacific Northwest, 1880-1915. Journal of Economic History, Vol. 51, No. 1, Mar 1991. 125-47 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This article examines the determinants of interprefectural patterns of Japanese emigration to the U.S. Pacific Northwest, using a multiple regression analysis. In estimating the regression equations, new proxies are introduced for the 'family-and-friends' effect that are free of the statistical problems common in previous studies on long-distance migration. The result shows that the information networks that developed between pioneer immigrants and their home districts played a central role in shaping emigration patterns. The lack of an alternative means of obtaining reliable information about conditions in the United States appears to be responsible."
Correspondence: Y. Murayama, Kansai University of Foreign Studies, 16-1 Kitakatahoko-cho, Hirakata-shi, Osaka 573, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10467 Neupert, Ricardo F. Brazilian colonization in the Paraguayan agricultural frontier. [La colonizacion brasilena en la frontera agricola del Paraguay.] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 18-19, No. 51-52, Dec-Apr 1990-1991. 121-54 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This article describes briefly the process of colonization of the Paraguayan agricultural frontier. It analyzes the factors expelling population from Brazil [during the 1970s] and the attributes attracting Brazilians to Paraguay. Finally, the economic and social consequences of this immigration to this agricultural frontier are discussed with particular reference to the concentration of rural property and to the problems of integration."
Correspondence: R. F. Neupert, Universidad Nacional de Asuncion, Facultad de Ciencias Economicas, Administrativas y Contables, Casilla 910, 2064 Asuncion, Paraguay. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10468 Ogden, Philip E. Immigration to France since 1945: myth and reality. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jul 1991. 294-318 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The contention of this article is that the debate on 'immigration' in France needs to take into account a number of issues which are frequently underestimated or ignored....First, the surge of migration over the last three decades, and the role of the French state, must be seen in the context of economic and demographic issues that have dominated French thinking for a century or more. Second, 'immigrants' cannot be treated as a homogeneous group....Thirdly, the article reassesses the role of state policy since 1945 and reviews the varying impact of controls on migration. Finally, the case is put for addressing some aspects of the question at the regional rather than the national scale and for taking into account very recent changes in the [labor force] demand for migrants that will have significant effects on their future role."
Correspondence: P. E. Ogden, University of London, Queen Mary and Westfield College, Department of Geography, 327 Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10469 Okolski, Marek. The new migration situation in Eastern Europe. [La nouvelle donne migratoire en Europe de l'Est.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1991. 7-40 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author uses Polish migration statistics to evaluate changes in the movement of the Eastern European population since government relaxation of strict passport and currency restrictions in the 1980s. Employment and economic opportunities in the receiving countries are cited as prime motivators for migrants, while for the countries of origin, the main advantage of allowing emigration is the anticipated transfer of currency back to those countries.
Correspondence: M. Okolski, Faculte d'Economie, OL Oluga 44/50, 00241 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10470 Penninx, Rinus; Muus, Philip J. Unlimited migration after 1992? The lessons of the past and a look into the future. [Nach 1992 Migration ohne Grenzen? Die Lektionen der Vergangenheit und ein Ausblick auf die Zukunft.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1991. 191-207 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Possible effects of an open migration policy within the European Community are first discussed. The authors then describe trends in migration, with a focus on labor migration and migration to Europe from other countries. Changes in economic conditions and their effects on the type of labor that will be needed are examined. Data are from official and other published sources.
Correspondence: R. Penninx, Freie Universitat Amsterdam, Abteilung fur Methoden und Techniken der Fakultat der Soziokulturellen Wissenschaften, De Boekelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10471 Potts, Lydia. The world labour market: a history of migration. ISBN 0-86232-882-9. LC 89-25041. 1990. 247 pp. Zed Books: Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey/London, England. In Eng.
A historical world overview of labor migration, both forced and voluntary, is presented. "The study concentrates on giving an account of the world market for labour power in its direct forms, that is to say, those forms which require or include the transfer of human beings. It points out the links, similarities and differences between these various forms and attempts to clarify those forms of exploitation specific to female workers....Chapters 1 to 5 offer an historical analysis of the processes of the world market for labour power in its direct forms, beginning at the end of the 15th century and extending to the present day, Chapter 6 considers the extent to which theories of development and migration deal with these structures and processes, and finally Chapter 7 draws together the elements of a preliminary theoretical analysis of the world market for labour power." Consideration is given to the Spanish colonization of the Americas, forced migration of Africans to the United States and the Caribbean, forced and migrant labor within Africa, and modern-day facets of labor migration, including that of skilled labor.
This is a translation by Terry Bond from the German book Weltmarkt fur Arbeitskraft, Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of, Junius Verlag, 1988.
Correspondence: Zed Books, 57 Caledonian Road, London N1 9BU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10472 Poulain, Michel. Project for consolidating international migration statistics for the European Community. [Un projet d'harmonisation des statistiques de migration internationale au sein de la Communaute Europeenne.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1991. 115-38 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author proposes ways in which the European Community can improve and consolidate efforts to collect data on international migration among member countries. Standardization of questionnaires and the exchange of files between sending and receiving countries are suggested. A similar program already underway among five Scandinavian countries is cited as an example.
Correspondence: M. Poulain, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie, 1 place Montesquieu, BP 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10473 Ramos, H. The Mexico of "the other side": Mexican immigrants in the United States. [El Mexico del "otro lado": los inmigrantes mexicanos en los Estados Unidos.] International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 4, Dec 1991. 601-16 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The purpose of this work is to explore the advantages and disadvantages of...Mexican immigrant workers for the economy and the political and cultural status quo of the United States. The Mexican immigrant workers pose a dilemma for the United States. On the one hand, the United States needs them for a better functioning of its economy. On the other, the Mexican immigrant workers represent a racial, cultural and political challenge to the American 'establishment'....Given the magnitude of the problem which the Mexican immigrants represent and the intense debate surrounding it, the cheap labour they represent for the economy of the United States and the unsolved conflicts this provokes, are fertile ground for the analysis of the economic, political and cultural interests competing for the degree of flexibility or the amount of policing the Mexican border should have."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10474 Rocha-Trindade, Maria B. Migration in the framework of the single European market. [Migracoes no quadro do Mercado Unico Europeu.] Analise Social, Vol. 25, No. 3, 1990. 465-77, 494-5, 497 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The European Community's plan to develop a single market in 1992 and its possible effects on migration concerning Portugal are considered. The author examines the prospects for forming a Community migration policy and analyzes the distribution of the foreign population within the countries of the Community.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10475 Roy, Delwin A. Egyptian emigrant labor: domestic consequences. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 27, No. 4, Oct 1991. 551-82 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The economic and social consequences for Egypt of its dependence on large-scale labor emigration are assessed. These include the vulnerability of the economy to excessive dependency on remittances as a source of foreign exchange earnings, the scale of which can fluctuate dramatically; the shortage of skilled labor at home; and potential political pressure from migrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

58:10476 Simon, Gildas. A European Community that is less and less mobile? [Une Europe Communautaire de moins en moins mobile?] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1991. 41-61 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author discusses possible limitations on freedom of movement within the European Community once the borders are opened in 1993. Several demographic and socioeconomic factors are foreseen as having a negative effect on the population's mobility.
Correspondence: G. Simon, 95 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10477 Swan, Neil; Auer, Ludwig; Chenard, Denis; dePlaa, Angelique; deSilva, Arnold; Palmer, Douglas; Serjak, John; Milobar, Lorraine. Economic and social impacts of immigration. Pub. Order No. EC22-176/1991E. ISBN 0-660-13955-3. 1991. x, 166 pp. Economic Council of Canada: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
The authors analyze the economic and social impacts of immigration to Canada. "The first two chapters provide an introduction to the issues and some historical background on immigration policies and on the volume of immigration since Canada's beginnings. The next three chapters deal with the possible implications of a higher level of immigration for the economic welfare of the host community." These implications include economic efficiency, taxes and dependency, and unemployment. The next chapter examines the impact of immigration on Canada's international status and on the distribution of power among the provinces and municipalities. Two chapters explore the experience of immigrants in the labor force and the special case of refugees. Prejudice, tolerance, diversity, and multiculturalism are then considered. A final chapter summarizes the report and presents recommendations for migration policy. The report is also available in French.
Correspondence: Canada Communications Group--Publishing, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10478 van de Kaa, Dirk J. European migration at the end of history. PDOD Paper, No. 8, Jul 1991. 35 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"It is argued in this paper that the future of international migration in and towards Europe cannot be assessed without an examination of the changes in the ideological situation which the continent has experienced. As a result security needs have changed, and economic and political adjustments will have to follow. The conclusion formulated is that Eastern and Western Europe will be drawn closer together than has long been possible, that the cultural homogeneity of Europe will be stressed and that Europe will gradually adjust itself to the status of 'epicentre' of immigration. If current plans are an indication, this adjustment will make both legal and undocumented migration more difficult than is currently the case, while asylum seekers will be faced with quicker procedures to assess the basis of their request. Nevertheless, a substantial inflow from third countries is likely, while within Europe the flow from East to West could become significant."
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10479 Venturini, Alessandra. Immigration and the Italian labor market: recent data. [Immigration et marche du travail en Italie: donnees recentes.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1991. 97-114 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ita.
"The objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of recent immigration, from developing countries, to the Italian labour market. The presentation is divided into two parts. The first part deals with the phenomenon at the aggregate level. An interpretation of the effects of recent immigration into the labour market is presented, [including]...the expansion of the underground economy....The second part is a closer analysis of the Italian case with special attention to the new laws and the migratory policy of the country."
Correspondence: A. Venturini, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato, Via Laura 48, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10480 Vichnevski, Anatoli; Zayontchkovskaia, Jeanne. Emigration from the former Soviet Union: premises and unknown factors. [L'emigration de l'ex-Union sovietique: premices et inconnues.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1991. 5-29 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Trends in emigration from the USSR are reviewed. Three waves of migration are identified: the first two resulted from the 1917 revolution and the two world wars; the third has involved minority nationalities, such as Jews or Germans, who were dissatisfied with recent conditions in the country. The focus of the article is on the possible implications for migration of the laws guaranteeing freedom of movement, which will come into effect in January 1993.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10481 Wendt, Hartmut. German-German migration--assessment of a 40-year history of flight and emigration. [Die deutsch-deutschen Wanderungen--Bilanz einer 40jahrigen Geschichte von Flucht und Ausreise.] Deutschland Archiv, Vol. 24, No. 4, Apr 1991. 386-95 pp. Cologne, Germany. In Ger.
Trends in emigration from East Germany to West Germany between 1949 and 1990 are examined. The number and age structure of migrants and refugees, reasons for migration, trends over time, and effects of migration are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10482 Whiteford, Peter. Are immigrants overrepresented in the Australian social security system? Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 8, No. 2, Nov 1991. 93-109 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This article discusses the statistics commonly used for judging whether immigrants are more or less likely than those born in Australia to receive social security payments...[taking] into account the eligibility conditions applying to different payments, and the effect of differences between the age distributions of different birthplace groups....The article presents estimates of social security receipt in 1989....The statistics discussed here do not prove that immigrants are either overrepresented or underrepresented in the social security system....This article has, however, supported the view that Australians born in Vietnam and in Lebanon do have higher levels of social-security receipt than other immigrant groups....This result implies that after Aborigines, these groups are likely to have the lowest economic status in Australian society."
Correspondence: P. Whiteford, University of York, Social Policy Research Unit, Heslington, York Y01 5DD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

58:10483 Bonvalet, Catherine; Lelievre, Eva. Mobility in France and moves to Paris since 1945: the Parisian filter. [Mobilite en France et a Paris depuis 1945: le filtre parisien.] Population, Vol. 46, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1991. 1,161-83 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This is the continuation of a study on generational residential mobility in France. It consists of an analysis of the role of the Paris region in French migration, using data from two retrospective surveys carried out by INED on migration over the course of the twentieth century. The study identifies regional differences as well as the key role of the Paris region in influencing national migration trends. The authors note that Paris attracts young migrants, some of whom subsequently leave for their region of origin. A clear link is established between geographical and social mobility, with Paris seen as the place to go in order to achieve upward social mobility.
For a related study by the same authors, published in 1989, see 56:10416.
Correspondence: C. Bonvalet, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10484 Borisovna, Ludmila. Internal migration. [Migracion interna.] Temas de Poblacion, Vol. 1, No. 2, Jun 1991. 41-6 pp. Puebla, Mexico. In Spa.
Trends in internal migration in Mexico are analyzed for the period 1970-1980, with particular attention to the state of Puebla.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10485 Buzingo, Deogratias. The role of internal migration in Burundi's development. [Le role des migrations internes dans le developpement du Burundi.] Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 14, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1990. 31-59 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
The author states that since Burundi is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, it is experiencing population pressures on its resources and is in danger of shortages in the food supply. He examines the measures that have been taken to improve the spatial distribution of the population and suggests further policies that might encourage balanced development in all regions of the country.
Correspondence: D. Buzingo, Direction de la Statistique, Bujumbura, Burundi. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10486 Cheng, Chaoze. Internal migration in mainland China: the impact of government policies. Issues and Studies, Vol. 27, No. 8, Aug 1991. 47-70 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
"The objectives of this study are to examine the patterns of internal migration in mainland China as related to government policy. After a simple review of mainland China's internal migration, the patterns and trends of in-migration in...post-1949 mainland China shall be examined. The tremendous variation in migration rates reflects the heavy interventionist role of government in this area. The government has especially taken measures to gradually control the rapid flow of population into urban areas. Finally, prospects for future research are discussed."
Correspondence: C. Cheng, University of Western Ontario, Department of Sociology, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

58:10487 Crane, Randall. Voluntary income redistribution with migration. Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 31, No. 1, Jan 1992. 84-98 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the welfare magnet problem, in which disparities in transfer policies across states are believed to encourage recipient and possibly resource migration. "This study clarifies the terms of the debate by showing how the value of redistributing local resources depends not only on the value of income to each group, but also on the cost of the transfer in erosion of the resource base through migration and through the general equilibrium effects of such activity on local prices." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: R. Crane, University of California, Program in Social Ecology, Irvine, CA 92717. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10488 Davies, Richard B.; Flowerdew, Robin. Modeling migration careers, using data from a British survey. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 1, Jan 1992. 35-57 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
"This paper uses longitudinal data from the British Social Change and Economic Life initiative to disentangle the effects of population heterogeneity, progress through the life cycle and secular change on observed migration differentials. The data consist of retrospective life histories from people sampled in several contrasting localities in Great Britain, in which residential moves can be linked to changes in occupation and household structure. We present a framework for analysis of data of this type using a generalized linear modeling approach, together with results concerning variations in the probability of migration with age, gender, and changes in household and occupational circumstances. Of particular note is the evidence of substantial duration-of-residence effects and an unexpected later-career increase in migration propensity."
Correspondence: R. B. Davies, University of Lancaster, Centre for Applied Statistics, Lancaster LA1 4YW, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:10489 Day, Kathleen M. Interprovincial migration and local public goods. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 25, No. 1, Feb 1992. 123-44 pp. Downsview, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The objective of this paper is to test whether fiscally induced migration occurs in Canada; that is, whether interprovincial migration flows are influenced by government tax and expenditure policies. In order to do so, a multinominal logit model of migration is developed in which individuals choose to live in the province where their utility would be highest. The model is estimated using aggregate data for the period 1962-81....The results indicate that migration is influenced by provincial government spending, trough the magnitude and direction of the effect differs with the type of government spending....The implication of these results is that intergovernmental transfer payments and provincial natural resource revenues also have the potential to influence migration flows in Canada."
Correspondence: K. M. Day, University of Ottawa, 550 Cumberland Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10490 Ebanks, G. Edward. Socio-economic determinants of internal migration with special reference to Latin America and the Caribbean region. CELADE Serie A, No. 255, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/R.159. Nov 1991. [viii], 66 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Eng.
Possible incentives for internal migration are explored, with a focus on movements in Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic characteristics of migrants' place of origin and chosen destination are examined, as are social motivators such as education and family. The report concludes with a discussion of methodological issues.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10491 Fielding, A. J. Social and geographical mobility in the non-metropolitan south of England. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1991. 395-408 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper uses information from two large datasets to explore the patterns and processes of migration and social change in non-metropolitan southern England (NMSE) in the recent period....The paper...addresses three main issues: firstly, what have been the most important migration trends affecting the NMSE? secondly, what are the distinctive features of the social compositions of the migration flows to and from the NMSE? and thirdly, what do these migration trends and socially distinctive migration flows imply for social change in the NMSE?" The data concern the years 1975-1976 and 1988-1989.
Correspondence: A. J. Fielding, University of Sussex, Centre for Urban and Regional Research, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9RH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10492 Friedlander, Dov. Occupational structure, wages, and migration in late nineteenth-century England and Wales. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 40, No. 2, Jan 1992. 295-318 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The relationships among occupational structure, wages, and internal migration in England and Wales in the second half of the nineteenth century are analyzed. The author concludes that socioeconomic inequalities among districts provide the major explanation for migration.
Correspondence: D. Friedlander, Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

58:10493 Islam, Muhammed N.; Rafiquzzaman, M. Property tax and inter-municipal migration in Canada: a multivariate test of the Tiebout hypothesis. Applied Economics, Vol. 23, No. 4A, Apr 1991. 623-30 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper tests the causal ordering between property taxes and inter-municipal migration, using both bivariate and multivariate methods. Empirical results, based on annual data for post-war Canada (1940-84), support the Tiebout-Tullock hypothesis, which implies that differential local tax [systems] and public services induce intercommunity migration, inter alia. Local spending and taxation are not therefore fully capitalized in property values."
Correspondence: M. N. Islam, Concordia University, Department of Economics, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard, West Montreal, Quebec H3G JM8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10494 Kindahl, James K.; Nakosteen, Robert A. Some implications of college students and military personnel for the age structure of migration. Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 21, No. 2, Summer 1991. 185-99 pp. Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"This paper examines the impact of a college or military installation in a [U.S.] metropolitan area on the age structure of the migration for the area. We find that the presence of such institutions causes significant and systematic impacts on age patterns of in- and out-migration that may not be obvious a priori. Failure to account for these effects in studies of gross migration (whether or not aggregated over age groups), or of net migration by age, will typically lead to bias or to inefficiency in the results, depending on the techniques of analysis used."
Correspondence: J. K. Kindahl, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10495 Kontuly, Thomas. The deconcentration theoretical perspective as an explanation for recent changes in the West German migration system. Geoforum, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1991. 299-317 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author uses a deconcentration theory to explain shifts in migration that occurred in the Federal Republic of Germany during the 1980s. He finds that "a general redistribution of the West German population down the metropolitan size hierarchy occurred during the first half of the 1980s, and was not the result of (a net) out-migration from old industrial areas....A spatial deconcentration of manufacturing and service sector employment during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s allowed family-aged migrants to actualize their preferences for living in lower-density and small urban areas, and as a result a regional deconcentration of population became evident in the 1980s."
Correspondence: T. Kontuly, University of Utah, Department of Geography, 270 Orson Spencer Hall, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10496 Kuijper, H.; Noordam, R. Household moves in the Netherlands in 1990. [In 1990 minder verhuizingen binnen Nederland.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 1, Jan 1992. 12-7 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Changes in address in the Netherlands are analyzed for the year 1990. A decline in the number of moves from 1989 is noted, with 248,000 families and 818,000 individuals moving in 1990.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10497 Liao, Shitong; Liao, Shitian. Trends and directions of population migration in Guangdong province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1990. 139-45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors explore the effects of regional socioeconomic and geographic diversity and the flexible economic policies of Guangdong province in China on migration both into and within the province, particularly into the Pearl River delta. They suggest that management of the resulting population imbalances can be accomplished through development of the household economy and the transfer or export of surplus rural labor.
Correspondence: S. Liao, Academy of Social Sciences, Guangdong Province, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10498 Long, Larry. Residential mobility differences among developed countries. International Regional Science Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1991. 133-47 pp. Morgantown, West Virginia. In Eng.
"Micro-level theories of why households change residence contrast with macro-level approaches that relate the level of spatial mobility to development. This article compares the rate of residential mobility in 16 [developed] countries or other areas and examines both regional variations within countries and changes in rates of local and nonlocal moving. Hypotheses that explain why countries differ in rates of residential mobility are examined."
Correspondence: L. Long, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:10499 McCants, Anne. Internal migration in Friesland, 1750-1805. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 22, No. 3, Winter 1992. 387-409 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
Trends in internal migration in the Dutch province of Friesland during the second half of the eighteenth century are analyzed. Data are from the Quotisatiekohieren, a census undertaken in 1748-1749 to improve the efficiency of tax collection, which include data on heads of households and family size. Annual updates, which continued up to 1805, include information on the movements of household heads into or out of each jurisdiction.
Correspondence: A. McCants, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of History, Cambridge, MA 02139. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

58:10500 Mfoulou, Raphael; van der Pol, Hendrik. An analytical approach to migration using data from population censuses in francophone Africa south of the Sahara: the case of Cameroon. [Approche analytique du phenomene migratoire a partir des donnees issues de recensement demographique en Afrique francophone au sud du Sahara: le cas du Cameroun.] Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 14, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1990. 91-108 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
Using the Cameroon census of April 1987, the authors outline the basics of the study of recent internal migration using censal data. Particular attention is given to the value of such data for studying the socioeconomic characteristics of migrants, the most recent migrations, and for predicting future trends.
Correspondence: R. Mfoulou, Institut de Formation et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10501 Mitchneck, Beth A. Geographical and economic determinants of interregional migration in the USSR, 1965-1986. Pub. Order No. DA9127932. 1990. 280 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Columbia University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(4).

58:10502 Murdock, Steve H.; Backman, Kenneth; Hwang, Sean-Shong; Hamm, Rita R. International dimensions of post-1980 internal migration in the United States: the role of sustenance specialization and dominance. Sociological Inquiry, Vol. 61, No. 4, Nov 1991. 491-504 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"Post-1980 [U.S.] internal migration patterns were unanticipated, and prevailing explanations of them fail to account for the effects of new international relationships. A human ecological theory is developed which suggests an explanation based on the sphere of sustenance activities in ecosystems and relative dominance in these activities. Larger net migration was expected for counties specialized in activities that operate in international ecosystems in which the United States is dominant and less in other types of counties. The results for post-1980 migration in United States counties support these expectations and the utility of an expanded human ecological perspective."
Correspondence: S. H. Murdock, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10503 Noh, Hee-Bang. The spatial pattern and process of migration in Korea, 1960-1985. Pub. Order No. DA9119401. 1991. 216 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work concerns only the Republic of Korea and was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Minnesota.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(2).

58:10504 Papail, Jean. Spatial and professional mobility in the North Andean region of Ecuador. [Mobilite spatiale et mobilite professionnelle dans la region nord andine de l'Equateur.] Les Etudes du CEPED, No. 3, ISBN 2-87762-028-X. Nov 1991. 88 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Migration trends in the two northern Andean provinces of Ecuador in the late 1980s are analyzed. Data are from the 1982 census, school records, and a survey carried out in 1986. Particular attention is given to migration to the regional capital, Ibarra, and to the national capital, Quito, and to the effect of migration on the occupational and professional statuses of migrants.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10505 Rees, Martha W.; Murphy, Arthur D.; Morris, Earl W.; Winter, Mary. Migrants to and in Oaxaca City. Urban Anthropology, Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring 1991. 15-29 pp. Brockport, New York. In Eng.
"This paper examines migration to Oaxaca City, an intermediate city in southern Mexico, and describes the differences between migrants and non-migrants. The data show that migrants to Oaxaca City tend to come from district capitals rather than more rural municipios. Once in Oaxaca, migrants are not as different from non-migrants as is commonly asserted in the literature."
Correspondence: M. W. Rees, Agnes Scott College, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Decatur, GA 30030. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:10506 Roy, John; Flood, Joe. Interregional migration modeling via entropy and information theory. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 1, Jan 1992. 16-34 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
"In attempting to model gross migration flows, as distinct from net flows, entropy and information theory models supplement those from the demographic tradition. However, clear differences exist between these two classes, including the type of origin and destination information which needs to be supplied, the relationship between the overall decision to migrate and the conditional choice of destination, the role of behavioral variables other than distance, and the expected predictive performance. In this paper, an enhanced interregional migration model is introduced which attempts a further integration of both the above classes. A linear version of the model is used for exploratory data analysis on a large Australian population census data set. Several alternative hypotheses are then tested with the general model. Some guidelines are also indicated toward developing a fully dynamic version of the model as well as a formal hierarchical framework."
Correspondence: J. Roy, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Victoria, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:10507 Smith, Roger. Population movements and the development of working class suburbs 1801-1851: the case of Nottingham. Local Population Studies, No. 47, Autumn 1991. 56-64 pp. Matlock, England. In Eng.
"By drawing on data available in the Registrar General's Annual Reports of Births, Deaths and Marriages in England for the years 1841-51, the printed volumes of the decennial censuses for 1801-51 and the unpublished enumerators' returns for the 1851 census, the aim of this paper is to explore the relationship between migration into Nottingham during the first half of the nineteenth century and the growth of...industrialised suburban villages in the Registration District of Radford...." The methodology employed in this analysis and its usefulness for examining demographic change in other communities or at broader regional levels are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10508 Tolnay, Stewart E.; Beck, E. M. Racial violence and black migration in the American south, 1910 to 1930. American Sociological Review, Vol. 57, No. 1, Feb 1992. 103-16 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"We test a model of reciprocal causation between racial violence and black net out-migration from southern [U.S.] counties during the era of the Great Migration. Using county-level data for ten southern states, including a new inventory of southern lynchings, we find support for the model during two decades, 1910-1920 and 1920-1930. Out-migration of blacks was heaviest from counties where more lynchings had occurred and, in turn counties that witnessed relatively more out-migration of blacks experienced fewer lynchings of blacks. We conclude that mob violence was an important social force driving blacks from certain areas of the South."
Correspondence: S. E. Tolnay, State University of New York, Sociology Department, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

58:10509 Ethiopia. Central Statistical Authority (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Report on census of population and housing and on survey of demographic changes in the resettlement areas. Feb 1991. 212 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng.
This is a report based on data from the 1988 census of Ethiopia, as well as on data from a survey carried out that year on the demographic consequences of recent droughts. The geographical focus is on the areas where those most affected by the 1984-1985 drought were resettled. Chapter 1 presents data on population characteristics, including age, sex, ethnic group, religion, and language; marital status; disability; household heads; and housing. Chapters 2 and 3 deal with educational status and economic activity. Chapter 4 examines levels and trends in fertility and mortality, places of origin, and the components of population growth. Chapter 5 reviews demographic changes in resettlement areas.
Correspondence: Central Statistical Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 125, Feb 1992.

58:10510 Fasbender, Karl; Erbe, Susanne. Towards a new home: Indonesia's managed mass migration. Transmigration between poverty, economics and ecology. ISBN 3-87895-396-8. LC 90-213642. 1990. 281 pp. Verlag Weltarchiv: Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
This study summarizes the main findings of research on the transmigration program in Indonesia. "Paying special attention to the province of East Kalimantan, it offers information on the development, volume, structure, social and economic effects of the resettlement programmes." The period covered is from the 1950s up to the present day. The authors conclude that the overall impact of the program has probably been positive for the receiving areas, but that it has and can have only a minor impact on reducing population pressures in the central islands of Java and Bali.
Correspondence: Verlag Weltarchiv GmbH, 2000 Hamburg 36, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10511 Kirisci, K. Refugee movements and Turkey. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 4, Dec 1991. 545-60 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The purpose of this article is to offer an overview of refugee problems in Turkey during the 1980s....The first section defines a refugee for the purpose of this study. The following two sections provide an analysis of Turkey both as a country of asylum and a country of origin for refugees. The political and economic environment surrounding the movements of refugees will also be briefly examined and the legal aspects of refugee movements discussed. The objective of the concluding section is to indicate the possible future trends in respect to refugee movements in and out of Turkey."
Correspondence: K. Kirisci, Bogazici University, 80815 Bebek, Istanbul, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10512 Tran, Thi Lan Huong. Population redistribution program in socialist Republic of Vietnam: 1976-1985. (The case of Central Highland Region). In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1988. 1989. 643-79 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author assesses Viet Nam's population redistribution program by examining migrants' characteristics, including educational status, motivations for migrating, and attitudes toward resettlement; and program factors such as information, financial incentives, and social and health services. Data are primarily from migration surveys conducted by the Centre for Population Studies in Hanoi.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10513 Tsui, Amy O.; Ragsdale, Tod A.; Shirwa, Aden I. The settlement of Somali nomads. Genus, Vol. 47, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1991. 131-52 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
The authors describe government programs to integrate nomads into the settled population in Somalia following a severe drought that occurred from 1973 to 1975. "The key findings are: a high percentage of households are headed by women, suggesting the return of husbands to pastoralism; children are being formally educated; a high degree of satisfaction is voiced with settlement life; and evidence exists of diversified occupational structures....The results suggest mixed successes of settlement schemes."
Correspondence: A. O. Tsui, University of North Carolina, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10514 Zakee, R. Effects of asylum seekers on external migration. [Invloeden van asielzoekers op de buitenlandse migratie.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 2, Feb 1992. 31-7 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Data concerning requests for asylum from migrants to the Netherlands are discussed. The author finds an increase from around 1,000 such requests per year in the early 1980s to over 20,000 for 1990 and 1991. It is also noted that, although women and children have a good chance of being granted asylum, most requests are rejected. The effect of this on the number of illegal aliens in the country is examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

58:10515 Deschamps, Linda; Descours, Laurence; Cohen-Solal, Marc; Jacquot, Alain. Commuting: an adjusting factor in the labor market. [Les migrations alternantes: un volant d'ajustement du marche du travail.] Economie et Statistique, No. 249, Dec 1991. 109-19, 127, 129 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The growth in commuting in France in recent years is noted, as more workers travel to different communes, departments, or even regions for purposes of work. An increase in commuting across national borders and to the Ile-de-France region is particularly significant. Such moves are seen as a response to the decline in employment opportunities in some regions of France and the desire to avoid unemployment.
Correspondence: L. Deschamps, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Division Statistiques et Etudes Regionales, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10516 Namakando, Charles M. Nature and determinants of return migration in Zambia: a consequential view. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1988. 1989. 489-506 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The determining factors of return migration in Zambia will be investigated by comparing the characteristics of the regions experiencing in-migration, out-migration and return migration." Data are from the 1969 and 1980 censuses.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

58:10517 Badiane, Wally. The migration and professional characteristics of young people in Medina-Dakar. [Caracteristiques migratoires et professionnelles des jeunes de la Medina-Dakar.] Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 14, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1990. 9-30 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
The characteristics of young migrants in the Medina quarter of Dakar, Senegal, are analyzed using data from a survey carried out in 1987 of 300 workers. The author concludes that these migrants are mainly from rural areas and have high levels of professional mobility associated with their search for better-paying jobs.
Correspondence: W. Badiane, Unite de Planification de la Population, Dakar, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10518 McKibben, Jerome N. Nonmetropolitan population turnaround in Indiana, 1960-1985: a case study of the rural renaissance. Pub. Order No. DA9122793. 1990. 110 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Bowling Green State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(3).

58:10519 Mexico. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO] (Mexico City, Mexico). Principal characteristics of migration in the country's major cities. Preliminary results from the National Survey on Migration in Urban Areas (ENMAU), CONAPO, 1987. [Caracteristicas principales de la migracion en las grandes ciudades del pais. Resultados preliminares de la Encuesta Nacional de Migracion en Areas Urbanas (ENMAU), CONAPO, 1987.] ISBN 968-805-485-2. [1988]. 313 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Results from a 1986-1987 survey of migration in Mexico's urban areas are presented. The focus was on rural-urban movement. Following a description of the survey and its methodology, the report examines migrant characteristics, their geographical origin, changes in migration streams, migration and distance, and migrant expectations.
If requesting this document from CELADE, specify DOCPAL No. 14374.00.
Correspondence: Consejo Nacional de Poblacion, Avenida Angel Urraza 1137, Col. Del Valle, C.P. 03100 Mexico DF, Mexico. Location: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Santiago, Chile. Source: DOCPAL Resumenes sobre Poblacion en America Latina 14(1).

58:10520 Mirovski, Vlodzimiezh. Development of large cities and migration. [Razvitieto na golemite gradove i migratsiyata.] Naselenie, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1990. 16-21 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The relationship between industrialization and urbanization in developed countries is explored. The main focus is on migration to large cities in Poland, how this changes social needs, and how these changes can influence migration policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10521 Nangia, Sudesh; Nangia, Parveen. Work pattern of female migrants in the metropolitan cities of India. Demography India, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1990. 109-19 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The authors examine trends in and determinants of female labor migration to urban areas in India. Special emphasis is placed on region of origin and the percentage of female out-migrants, reasons for migrating, and changes in occupational status.
Correspondence: S. Nangia, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 100 067, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10522 Odaman, Odion M. Migration and rural development: an empirical investigation of migrants' participation in rural community development projects in Nigeria. Demography India, Vol. 18, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1989. 191-9 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author examines the positive impact that rural-urban migration can have on development in the region of origin. The geographical focus is on Bendel State, Nigeria.
Correspondence: O. M. Odaman, Bendel State University, Department of Sociology, Ekpoma, Nigeria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10523 Ogura, Mitsuo. Rural-urban migration in Zambia and migrant ties to home villages. Developing Economies, Vol. 29, No. 2, Jun 1991. 145-65 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
Characteristics of rural-urban migration in Zambia are analyzed. "In this paper I will discuss the present-day migrants, looking particularly at their ties with their home villages and at the changes and continuities in rural-urban migration. I will first give an overview of migration and urbanization through an analysis of statistical data. I will then discuss the results of my field research which I undertook in six urban areas in Zambia."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:10524 Potts, Deborah; Mutambirwa, Chris. Rural-urban linkages in contemporary Harare: why migrants need their land. Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4, Dec 1990. 677-98 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The links between urban migrants from rural areas in Harare, Zimbabwe, and their land holdings in rural areas of origin are examined. The authors note that most rural-urban migrants retain their original land as old-age security, planning to return to their place of origin in the eventuality of old age or unemployment. In the absence of social security and pension provisions, they suggest that such linkages remain necessary.
Correspondence: D. Potts, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, Geography Department, Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square, London WC1H 0XG, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:10525 Sangsiri, Savitree. Human ecological contributions to rural and urban migration in Thailand, 1970-1980. Pub. Order No. DA9121418. 1990. 233 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Maryland at College Park.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(2).

58:10526 Serow, William J. Recent trends and future prospects for urban-rural migration in Europe. Sociologia Ruralis, Vol. 31, No. 4, 1991. 269-80 pp. Assen, Netherlands. In Eng.
Patterns in population movement in Europe are described. "This paper will review the findings of relevant studies...to determine the state of our knowledge regarding the magnitude of, and differences in the urban-rural or metropolitan-non-metropolitan mobility of the population. In doing so, the paper will touch upon the influences of demographic, social, economic and environmental variables."
Correspondence: W. J. Serow, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:10527 Wakabayashi, Keiko. Migration from rural to urban areas in China. Developing Economies, Vol. 28, No. 4, Dec 1990. 503-23 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"This paper deals with the development over time of migration from rural to urban areas [in China] and attempts to analyze the factors underlying it, describe its characteristic features, examine problems faced by the cities in receiving migrants, and point out contradictions within the household registration system that are becoming manifest in the process of this kind of population shift...."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

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