Volume 57 - Number 4 - Winter 1991

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

57:40685 Andorka, Rudolf. Policy responses to population decline in the twenty-first century: pronatalism, migration policy, growing labor force participation or other alternatives? [Tarsadalompolitikai valaszok a nepessegszam csokkenesere a 21. evszazadban: pronatalista nepesedespolitika, bevandorlasi politika, a foglalkoztatottsag novelese vagy mas alternativak?] Demografia, Vol. 33, No. 1-2, 1991. 7-23 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
The author proposes several policy approaches that could be implemented in developed countries in response to population decrease. "[It seems that] below replacement fertility [will] become a long-lasting phenomenon in the majority of developed countries. Considering the economic problems which this entails, developed societies have a choice between three policy options: to raise female employment,...to increase and to facilitate immigration,...[and] to increase the social benefits of families...." The author concludes that "while the increase in social benefits is the measure which is likely to have the most positive effects, the joint implementation of the three types of policies is called for."
Correspondence: R. Andorka, Ady Endre 9/B, Budapest 1024, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40686 Bm'Niyat Bangamboulou-Te-Niya, Dieudonne. The integration of demographic variables in development planning: the case of the Central African Republic. [Integration des variables demographiques dans la planification du developpement: cas de la Centrafique.] Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jun 1989. 49-79 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre.
The problems that have been experienced in development planning in the Central African Republic are described. The author makes the case for including demographic variables in the planning process, and suggests ways to achieve this.
Correspondence: D. Bm'Niyat Bangamboulou-Te-Niya, Ministere du Plan, Secretaire d'Etat au Plan, BP 696, Bangui, Central African Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40687 Brechin, Steven R.; Ness, Gayl; Drake, William. Integration of population, environment and development policies. Population Research Leads, No. 37, 1991. 18 pp. U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]: Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This report "focuses on five factors which may help to forge better links between population, environment and development [in developing countries]: (a) developing conceptual models...; (b) understanding the importance of policies...; (c) creating an integrated monitoring system for collecting...data; (d) empowering local-level officials...(i.e. encouraging decentralization); and (e) acquiring strong political support....The note elaborates on each of these factors and describes the work of a population-environment project."
Correspondence: U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Population Division, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40688 Dumon, Wilfried. Family policy in the EC countries: a general overview. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1991. 1-16 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
Family policies in the countries of the European Community are analyzed and compared. The author notes a general shift in the target of such policies to meet the needs of children, one-parent families, and families in economic need. He also distinguishes among family policies that enable economic independence, offer nonmaterial support, and encourage the use of both informal and institutional supports.
Correspondence: W. Dumon, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Van Evenstraat 2c, 3000 Louvain, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40689 Klugman, Barbara. Population policy in South Africa: a critical perspective. Development Southern Africa, Vol. 8, No. 1, Feb 1991. 19-34 pp. Halfway House, South Africa. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the assumptions underlying the concept of overpopulation. It argues that the basis of the overpopulation concept--the balancing of resources, within a given area, against population growth is fundamentally flawed, both in its assessment of resource availability and in its assumption that resources are equally available to all people within a given area. Following this assessment, the paper considers the way in which the concept of overpopulation, and in particular the theory of demographic transition, have been utilised in the development of population policy in South Africa."
Correspondence: B. Klugman, University of Witwatersrand, Department of Social Anthropology, Johannesburg, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40690 Kong, Sae-Kwon; Cho, Ae-Jeo; Kim, Eung-Suk. Family development: a functional choice-making approach based on the National Family Planning Program. Journal of Population, Health and Social Welfare, Vol. 10, No. 2, Dec 1990. 176-89 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Kor. with sum. in Eng.
The authors recommend changing the National Family Planning Program of the Republic of Korea to emphasize maternal, child, and family health and general family welfare in addition to providing traditional fertility control programs.
Correspondence: S.-K. Kong, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, San 42-14, Bulgwang-dong, Eunpyung-ku, Seoul 122-040, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40691 Tien, H. Yuan. China's strategic demographic initiative. ISBN 0-275-93824-7. LC 90-20614. 1991. xvii, 312 pp. Praeger: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is an overview of China's population planning efforts since the early 1970s, and is a sequel to the author's earlier work covering the period 1949-1969. It describes progress in achieving China's Strategic Demographic Initiative, which the country adopted in 1978. The book is in three parts. The first part outlines the demographic background that has shaped current policies, including marriage and fertility trends. The second part describes the start-up, evolution, and objectives of current population policies and programs, and includes an analysis of objections and obstacles, as well as special consideration of induced abortion and sterilization. The third part assesses the social and economic relevance of China's population planning efforts, and examines both the costs and benefits of those efforts, the levels of success achieved, and the limits to population planning. An epilogue examines the most recent events affecting the program.
For the previous study by the same author, published in 1973, see 40:3608.
Correspondence: Praeger, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40692 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Case studies in population policy: France. [Monographies sur les politiques de population: France.] Politique de Population: Document, No. 24; ST/ESA/SER.R/94, 1989. vii, 60 pp. New York, New York. In Fre.
This is one in a series of country case studies being prepared by the U.N. Population Division that focuses on issues in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of population policies in selected developed and developing countries. This report concerns France and includes sections on recent demographic trends and population policy.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40693 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Case studies in population policy: Haiti. [Monographies sur les politiques de population: Haiti.] Politique de Population: Document, No. 25; ST/ESA/SER.R/95, 1990. vii, 72 pp. New York, New York. In Fre.
This is one in a series of country case studies being prepared by the U.N. Population Division that focuses on issues in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of population policies in selected developed and developing countries. This report concerns Haiti and includes a section on recent demographic trends as well as one on population policy.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40694 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Review and appraisal of the World Population Plan of Action: 1989 report. Population Studies, No. 115; ST/ESA/SER.A/115, Pub. Order No. E.89.XIII.11. ISBN 92-1-151185-2. 1989. vii, 45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This publication is part of a regular review of progress on the implementation of the World Population Plan of Action. It contains a resolution of the Economic and Social Council from 1989, excerpts from the report of the U.N. Population Commission on the discussion of the review and appraisal of the Plan, and a report of the Secretary General submitted to the Commission.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40695 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York). Integrating development and population planning in Thailand. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/110, 1991. x, 72 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Efforts to integrate population and development planning in Thailand since 1970 are described. The first two chapters provide general background concerning population and development trends and policy and planning objectives. "Chapter III considers...the knowledge and data on which the planners base their work and the methods which are utilized in preparing the plans. Chapter IV describes various institutions of the Thai planning apparatus....It considers the linkages between these institutions and describes the planning process itself. Chapter V analyses issues relating to the implementation of population and development plans and policies in order to assess how, and to what extent, they are actually realized. Chapter VI outlines the accomplishments of integration of development and population planning...."
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40696 Wakabayashi, Keiko. Information on the current population census and policy of China. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, Vol. 47, No. 2, Jul 1991. 29-48 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the effects of China's 1978 policy changes affording special privileges to minorities as reflected in the July 1990 census. Six minority nationalities have doubled in population size since 1982. This increase is attributed to the fact that: "first, minority nationalities are approved to have two children and to have three children under special conditions....Secondly, marriages between the Han and minority nationalities have increased. Their children are mostly reported as minority nationalities....Thirdly, before 1978, minority nationalities were looked down [upon] so that they...concealed their nationality origin and...lived as the Han nationality. Later most of them officially admitted and reported their nationalities [adding to the increase]."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

57:40697 Berquo, Elza. A new attempt to infringe on reproductive rights. [Uma nova onda para atropelar os direitos reprodutivos.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1990. 87-94 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The author criticizes the agenda of some international agencies that focus on the slowing of population growth in the third world. She asserts that treating developing countries uniformly is not appropriate to the situation in Latin America. "In this region, while some inter and intra-country variability continues to exist, growth rates show a tendency for decline. In addition, women's reproductive intentions signal a desire for fewer children. There is, therefore, room for measures in the reproductive health area within general health programs, according to the principle of respect for the reproductive rights of individuals."
Correspondence: E. Berquo, Centro Brasileiro de Analise e Planejamento, 615 rua Morgado Mateus, CEP 04015 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40698 Cho, Nam-Hoon; Seo, Moon-Hee; Tan, Boon-Ann. Recent changes in the population control policy and its future directions in Korea. Journal of Population, Health and Social Welfare, Vol. 10, No. 2, Dec 1990. 152-75 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Kor.
The authors examine future population policy directions for the Republic of Korea. Consideration is given to policies to date, growth, and recent changes in population control policy. "Considering the socio-economic conditions, and the large existing population in relation to the available land area and resources in Korea, however, future policy directions should aim at maintaining a mimimum population growth rate, and to postponing the achievement of 'Zero Population Growth' as long as possible in order to avoid the socio-economic problems that are bound to come as a consequence."
Correspondence: N.-H. Cho, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Research Planning Division, San 42-14, Bulgwang-dong, Eunpyung-ku, Seoul 122-040, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40699 Cooney, Rosemary S.; Wei, Jin; Powers, Mary G. The one child certificate in Hebei province, China: acceptance and consequence, 1979-1988. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1991. 137-55 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"As part of its One Child Policy, China developed the one child certificate which offered numerous benefits to couples who had one child and promised to have no more. Using data from the Two-per-Thousand National Fertility Survey, this study describes the level of certificate acceptance in Hebei province from 1979 to 1988 and analyzes socioeconomic, cultural and early family formation factors affecting certificate acceptance as well as the role of certificate acceptance on transition to second parity. During the past decade, the level of initial certificate acceptance was 22.6 percent....Public resistance to the One Child Policy is evident in declining acceptance from 26.0 percent during the first five years of the policy to 11.3 percent during the 1984-1988 period. Women's response to the certificate has been influenced by the woman's status as reflected in education and occupation as well as cultural traditions, particularly son preference. The one child certificate, however, independently depresses subsequent fertility."
Correspondence: R. S. Cooney, Fordham University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Bronx, NY 10458. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40700 Dharmalingam, A. Re-linking fertility behaviour and old age economic security: a delayed note on Demeny. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 8, No. 1, May 1991. 23-32 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The author critiques Paul Demeny's 1987 proposal designed to raise below-replacement fertility in developed countries. "His proposal is to link the old age economic security of parents to their fertility behaviour, strengthening the material position of those aged persons who have carried the financial burden of childraising by assigning some proportion of the social security contributions of children directly to their parents. I argue that...Demeny undermines the fertility-facilitating effect of conventional welfare policies and ignores the class-specific effects of existing pronatalist policies. I suggest that the adoption of additional welfare policies, apart from strengthening and correcting existing measures, would not only foster the achievement and maintenance of a socially adequate fertility level but also foster social justice for the individuals more directly involved in generational reproduction."
For the article by Paul Demeny, published in 1987, see 53:30743.
Correspondence: A. Dharmalingam, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Division of Demography and Sociology, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40701 Jowett, John. People: demographic patterns and policies. In: The geography of contemporary China: the impact of Deng Xiaoping's decade, edited by Terry Cannon and Alan Jenkins. ISBN 0-415-00102-1. LC 90-8271. 1990. 102-32 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
Demographic trends and population policies in China are reviewed. "China currently enjoys advanced levels of demographic development (low death-rate, low birth-rate, long life-expectancy, etc.) at a very early stage of economic development....Life-expectancy is fifteen to twenty years greater than would be predicted from the country's level of per capita income." The effect of government family planning programs and the one-child policy on the fertility decline is noted. The study includes sections on spatial patterns, with an emphasis on the uneven distribution of the population, development and demography, and temporal patterns. Problems resulting from the one-child policy are discussed, including developing a fair reimbursement system for couples who only have one child, averting female infanticide, and dealing with the over-indulged single child. Some possible solutions and areas for further study are proposed.
Correspondence: J. Jowett, Glasgow University, Department of Geography, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40702 Kojima, Hiroshi. Attitudes toward population trends and policy in Japan. Institute of Population Problems Working Paper Series, No. 5, Oct 1990. 36 pp. Institute of Population Problems: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
Results of a survey conducted in Japan in June of 1985 on attitudes concerning below-replacement fertility, and the population trends resulting from it, are presented. The focus is on the need for population policies in response to such trends. The results show a significant percentage of neutral attitudes, with 43 percent of the respondents favoring governmental measures and 16 percent opposed. Urban residents were more strongly in favor of profamily and pro-natalist policies, and this reaction is considered to be a reflection of the higher cost of living in metropolitan areas.
Correspondence: Ministry of Health and Welfare, Institute of Population Problems, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-45, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40703 Moors, Hein; Koesoebjono, Santo. The acceptance of fertility-related policies: an international comparison. [Die Akzeptanz fertilitatsbezogener politischer Massnahmen: ein internationaler Vergleich.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1991. 3-31 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The article is based mainly on comparative analyses of three nation-wide surveys on the acceptance of population policies carried out in the Federal Republic of Germany, in Italy and in the Netherlands between 1984 and 1987. Attitudes towards a new family policy in general and the acceptance of specific policies in particular are analyzed in relation to family situation and fertility intentions. Additionally, similarities and differences in policy acceptance and priorities are analyzed in relation to the social, cultural and economic context of the three countries....Intercounty differences in...female employment and the availability of facilities for mothers with young children seem to explain to a great extent the differences in acceptance of specific family policy measures."
Correspondence: H. Moors, Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute, Lange Houtstraat 19, 2511 CV, The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40704 Seal, Vivien. Whose choice? Working-class women and the control of fertility. ISBN 1-870958-08-X. Nov 1990. 98, [5] pp. Fortress Books: London, England. In Eng.
The author examines the likely effects of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act in the United Kingdom, with particular reference to issues of fertility control. The author develops a defense of women's reproductive rights from a socialist perspective in response to a perceived attack from the ideological and political right, which promotes a return to the traditional role of women and the family. The history of working-class women's struggle for health care, contraception, the right to abortion, and fertility treatment is described. The political issues implicit in the subject of fertility control are emphasized.
Correspondence: Fortress Books, P.O. Box 141, London E2 0RL, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40705 Singh, Kuldip; Fong, Yoke Fai; Ratnam, S. S. A reversal of fertility trends in Singapore. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 23, No. 1, Jan 1991. 73-8 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Free access to contraception and effective legislation measures, have resulted in a decline in fertility in Singapore. A new population policy of 'three children or more if you can afford it' was therefore introduced in 1986. This paper discusses the new population policies and measures their effect on fertility in Singapore....Since 1986, there has been a rise in the crude birth rate, total fertility rate and gross reproduction rate, and the abortion rate has progressively declined. However, the fertility trends may just reflect the upward movement of children born during the 'baby boom' to come within the peak reproductive age of 25-35 years."
Correspondence: K. Singh, National University of Singapore, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 0511. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40706 Szabo, Laszlo. A possible way of developing a proportionate, equal chance and constant value system of assistance to families with children. [A gyermekek utan jaro aranyos, eselyegyenlo es ertekallando csaladtamogatas kialakitasanak egy lehetseges modja.] Demografia, Vol. 33, No. 1-2, 1991. 96-109 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
Reforms to the family allowance system in Hungary that take into account children's ages rather than the number of children are proposed. The author suggests that such reforms could increase the pronatalist effect of such policies without the need for additional government expenditure.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

57:40707 Auster, Lawrence. The path to national suicide: an essay of immigration and multiculturalism. ISBN 0-936247-12-6. LC 91-19090. 1990. 90 pp. American Immigration Control Foundation: Monterey, Virginia. In Eng.
The author reviews migration policy and legislation in the United States and discusses the effects of immigration and multiculturalism on American culture. The focus is on the need to control immigration more strictly.
Correspondence: American Immigration Control Foundation, PO Box 525, Monterey, VA 24465. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40708 Bai, David H. Canadian immigration policy: twentieth-century initiatives in admission and settlement. Migration World, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1991. 9-13 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The evolution of immigration policy in Canada since 1900 is reviewed. Particular attention is paid to changes in admissions policies and to federal settlement programs and other services provided to immigrants. Consideration is given to the impact on admissions of such demographic issues as declining fertility among natives. The development of a federal policy of multiculturalism is traced.
Correspondence: D. H. Bai, University of Alberta, Department of Anthropology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40709 Bean, Frank D.; Fix, Michael. The significance of recent immigration policy reforms in the United States. Texas Population Research Center Paper, No. 12.11, 1990-1991. 28 pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The authors outline the major provisions of recent immigration legislation in the United States, the reasons for their passage, and their effectiveness. Consideration is also given to whether U.S. immigration policy is becoming more restrictive or expansionist in outcome.
Correspondence: University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center, Main 1800, Austin, TX 78712. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40710 Briggs, Vernon M. The Immigration Act of 1990: retreat from reform. Population and Environment, Vol. 13, No. 1, Fall 1991. 89-93 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
In this brief essay, the author critically evaluates the 1990 changes to U.S. immigration law. He refutes the premise of pending labor shortages that was used to justify the need for the legislation and criticizes virtually all of its provisions. He characterizes the law as "ill conceived, deceptively designed, poorly timed, and subtly racist. Despite the chronic need for reform, the Immigration Act of 1990 cannot possibly be described as being in the national interest. It perpetuates and expands the worst features of the existing system while introducing new features that are both counterproductive and, in parts, unethical in the principles it projects."
Correspondence: V. M. Briggs, Cornell University, New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Ithaca, NY 14851-0952. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40711 Cheng, Chih-Yu. An evaluation of U.S. immigration policy: evidence from the role and effects of undocumented Mexican workers in the U.S. labor market. Pub. Order No. DA9107022. 1990. 382 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Hawaii.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(10).

57:40712 Cruz, A. M. Will the European Community make the 1992 deadline on the abolition of internal border controls? International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 29, No. 3, Sep 1991. 447-82 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author discusses the likelihood of the removal of the European Community's internal borders by January 1, 1993, with a focus on the impact on freedom of movement between member states. Coordination problems among member countries are cited as being in need of resolution by late 1991 if the deadline is to be met.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40713 LeMay, Michael C. From open door to Dutch door: an analysis of U.S. immigration policy since 1820. ISBN 0-275-92492-0. LC 87-2368. 1987. xvii, 183 pp. Praeger: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This book is about United States immigration policy--what forces have shaped it, how and why various changes were made in it, and where it is headed in the future. It is designed as a supplemental book for courses dealing with the analysis of public policy." The author presents a historical overview of U.S. immigration policy, and examines both the reasons behind each major change in policy and the impact of each change on the composition of the immigrant population. Particular attention is given to four major factors: economics, race, nationalism, and foreign policy.
Correspondence: Praeger Publishers, 521 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10175. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40714 Straubhaar, Thomas. The outline of a European-oriented Swiss migration policy. [Eckpfeiler einer europafahigen schweizerischen Migrationspolitik.] Aussenwirtschaft, Vol. 45, No. 4, Dec 1990. 517-51 pp. Saint Gall, Switzerland. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"The article reviews the Swiss migration policy. The author compares the E.C. [European Community]-guidelines with the Swiss migration policy. The latter is heavily influenced by interest groups. Swiss migration policy should be more efficient and less inward orientated. [He] proposes a treaty between the E.C. and Switzerland that would lead to complete freedom of movement between the E.C. and Switzerland."
Correspondence: T. Straubhaar, Vereinsweg 23, CH-2012 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40715 Zhu, Baoshu. New trends and problems in urbanization: a survey of farmers who moved into townships in the Shanghai suburbs. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1990. 99-105 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Results are presented from a survey conducted in China to evaluate 1984 changes in a rural migration policy. "To reflect the new trends and problems of the urbanization of the rural population in Shanghai suburbs in the light of the policy, the Institute of Population Studies of East China Normal University conducted a sampling survey, in early 1989, of the farmers who had moved into townships in the Shanghai suburbs in recent years. From the seven townships selected, a total of 1,057 samples were obtained, representing 17.0% of the total number of farmers who had moved into the townships."
Correspondence: B. Zhu, East China Normal University, Institute of Population Studies, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.