Volume 57 - Number 4 - Winter 1991

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

57:40055 Davies, D. Hywel. Population density and development potential in rural Zimbabwe: an assessment based on the 1969 and 1982 censuses. Institute of British Geographers: Transactions, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1991. 332-53 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Based on 1969 and 1982 census data, this paper examines the spatial association between high rural population density and development potential in Zimbabwe and its significance for national development policy. A 1982 grid cell density map was compiled on the same geographical frame as an existing 1969 density map, yielding an intercensal density change map. A land classification map and a composite map of development constraints were rasterized on the same spatial framework and subjected to computer analysis. Areas of critically high (and generally increasing) densities showed strong spatial associations with areas of severe development constraints...."
Correspondence: D. H. Davies, University of Natal, Department of Geography, P.O. Box 375, Pietermaritzburg 3200, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:40056 Hu, Huanyong. Population distribution, regionalization, and prospects in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, Vol. 45, No. 2, Jun 1990. 139-45 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
China's terrain and its impact on the spatial distribution of the population is examined. The author notes that 96 percent of the population is located southeast of a line drawn from Heihe in Heilongjiang province in the northeast to Tengchong in Yunnan province in the southwest. It is concluded that the general pattern of population distribution is unlikely to change in the future.
Correspondence: H. Hu, East China Normal University, Population Research Institute, Shanghai, China. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA.

57:40057 Park, John Hwa. Impact of the growth center strategy on the population dispersion in Korea. Pub. Order No. DA9034941. 1990. 173 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study concerns South Korea. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Rutgers University at New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(7).

57:40058 Sternstein, Larry. A population geographer's population pyramid. Journal of Population and Social Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jul 1989. 91-9, 119 pp. Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. In Eng. with sum. in Tha.
The author uses data from Thailand for 1980 to demonstrate a geographic population profile for regional variations in age and sex values. The profile is created "by first ranking the percentages of total male and total female populations in each age group in each of the 698 districts comprising Thailand..., and then providing a resistant summary of each distribution....Architecturally, the display comprises a pile of modified box-and-whisker plots (the box-and-whisker plot being a device used in formal exploratory analysis); one plot for each age group by sex....Such a graphic display proffers a deal of information about age-sex structure because the shape of the distribution of values is presented for each age group from place to place within the designated area."
Correspondence: L. Sternstein, Australian National University, Department of Geography, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

57:40059 Abdo, Muhammad F. The urbanisation of Kuwait since 1950: planning, progress and issues. Pub. Order No. BRD92225. 1988. 334 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Durham, England.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 52(1).

57:40060 Cadwallader, Martin. Metropolitan growth and decline in the United States: an empirical analysis. Growth and Change, Vol. 22, No. 3, Summer 1991. 1-16 pp. Lexington, Kentucky. In Eng.
"Urban growth rates are documented for the largest United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas for the periods 1965-70 and 1975-80. The spatial pattern associated with these growth rates tends to reinforce the sunbelt-frostbelt dichotomy, as the majority of cities with positive migration rates for both time periods are located outside of the heavily industrialized Northeast and Midwest regions of the country. Two and three-group discriminant analyses indicate that manufacturing activity, local tax rates, and spending on education, are particularly important discriminators between growing and declining cities."
Correspondence: M. Cadwallader, University of Wisconsin, Department of Geography, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40061 Miller, H. Max; Tarver, James D. Migration in Botswana. African Urban Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, Aug-Nov 1988. 278-84 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
The authors review urbanization trends in Botswana. It is noted that the percentage of the total population living in urban areas increased from 3 in 1964 to 16 in 1981, compared to an African average of 30, and that some two-thirds of urban growth is due to migration. The authors conclude that the slow pace of industrialization and strong links to traditional subsistence agriculture will continue to reduce the future rate of urban growth.
Correspondence: H. M. Miller, University of Georgia, Department of Sociology, Athens, GA 30602. Location: Brown University Library, Providence, RI.

57:40062 Moriconi-Ebrard, Francois. The 100 largest cities in the world. [Les 100 plus grandes villes du monde.] Economie et Statistique, No. 245, Jul-Aug 1991. 7-18, 64-5 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
In order to facilitate international comparisons, since national definitions of cities vary considerably, the author presents the concept of the continuity of built-up areas. Using the proposed definition, the 100 most-populated cities are listed. The author notes that the four largest, in descending order of population size, are Tokyo, the New York-Philadelphia conurbation, Sao Paulo, and Mexico City. The rapid increase in the population of very large cities since 1950 is noted.
Correspondence: F. Moriconi-Ebrard, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Equipe P.A.R.I.S., Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40063 Musunuri, Rama S. V. Emerging patterns of urbanization in India: 1941-81. Pub. Order No. DA9113267. 1991. 219 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Cornell University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(12).

57:40064 Pasternak Taschner, Suzana. Intra-urban population and housing in Sao Paulo. [Habitacao e demografia intra-urbana em Sao Paulo.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1990. 3-34 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper outlines an analysis of intra-urban demography in Sao Paulo [Brazil], by means of differentials among rates of population growth, densities and age distributions of the several spatial segments of the city. In trying to analyze together housing and demographic variables, it associates the youth of the peripheral population to the housing model prevalent till the eighties--irregular allotment, self-help and home ownership. The data show changes in this peripheral pattern for the last decade: the population growth rate of the central zone (mainly the interior ring) has been greater than that of the periphery. This would be explained by the increase of inner city slums and by verticalization. This tendency was already visible from census data of 1970 and 1980, which show an increase in the number of slums and in the proportion of tenants."
Correspondence: S. Pasternak Taschner, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Cidade Universitaria, CP 8191, 05508 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40065 Potter, Robert B. Urbanization, planning and development in the Caribbean. ISBN 0-7201-2012-8. LC 89-31618. 1989. viii, 327 pp. Mansell: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of papers by various authors on urbanization, planning, and development issues in the Caribbean. Chapters are included on Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, Barbados, Guyana, the Netherlands Antilles, the Commonwealth Eastern Caribbean, Belize, the French West Indies, the Bahamas, and Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. A general introduction and a conclusion by the editor are included.
Correspondence: Mansell Publishing, Artillery House, Artillery Row, London SW1P 1RT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:40066 Rola-Kunach, Stefania. Territorial demographic processes. [Terytorialne procesy demograficzne.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 36, No. 4, Apr 1991. 18-20 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The relative impact of natural increase and in-migration on the growth of the urban population in Poland from 1981 to 1989 is assessed. The analysis is performed separately by voivodship. Changes in the age distribution of the urban population are also analyzed.
Correspondence: S. Rola-Kunach, Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, Department Analiz i Opracowan Zbiorczych, Al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00 295 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40067 Rondinelli, Dennis A. Asian urban development policies in the 1990s: from growth control to urban diffusion. World Development, Vol. 19, No. 7, Jul 1991. 791-803 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper reviews Asian policies for achieving more balanced urbanization. It explores the rationale for Asian urbanization policies and assesses the two major strategies that have dominated Asian policies since the 1960s. Finally, it explores the major policy issues that are now emerging from past experience and that are likely to dominate urbanization policies during the 1990s." The focus is on Eastern, Southeastern, and Southern Asia. The author notes that policies designed to slow rural-urban migration and control the expansion of metropolitan areas have largely failed, and that the focus in the 1990s is likely to be on the diffusion of urban growth rather than on its control or suppression.
Correspondence: D. A. Rondinelli, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:40068 Yin, Wenyao; Lu, Jiehua; Zhang, Lanxia; Liu, Guiping; Liu, Shaogang. A model for urbanizing rural population and development measures: survey of a large specialized market in Xiliu town, Liaoning province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1990. 25-33 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors present an urbanization model using the example of Xiliu town in Liaoning province, China. Xiliu has developed from a rural commune into a large-scale clothing market during the period since 1979. "The purpose...is to show, by means of a survey conducted in the town, the characteristics and formative factors of the model and to discuss the prospect of and measures for furthering this development."
Correspondence: W. Yin, Liaoning University, Institute of Population, Shenyang, Liaoning, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40069 Yuan, Florence L. A selected bibliography on urbanization in China. CIR Staff Paper, No. 61, Jun 1991. vi, 182 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This unannotated bibliography covers data sources and studies on urbanization in China. "Its coverage is limited to items available in the China Branch of the U.S. Bureau of the Census and to the subjects of most interest to this office, namely, rural-to-urban migration, city and town populations, surplus agricultural labor force, rural labor force transfer out of agriculture, government policies and regulations affecting urbanization, economic data relating to urban development, and recommendations of scholars on urbanization in China." The bibliography is presented separately for Chinese-language and English-language references, alphabetized both by author and by title.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:40070 Zimm, Alfred. Temporal and spatial phases in the development of the Berlin metropolis in the past and the future. [Raum-Zeitliche Etappen der Metropolenbildung Berlins, ein Blick zuruck nach vorn.] Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, Vol. 135, No. 2, 1991. 99-111 pp. Gotha, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Six phases of Berlin's development related to political events in Germany since 1871 are identified and their consequences for the city's population development are analyzed. Particular attention is given to the demographic consequences of the abolition of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The author considers the impact of the situation in the surrounding region on the city's growth, Berlin's revived role as a national capital, and developments in Europe.
Correspondence: A. Zimm, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Fachbereich Geographie, Universitatsstrasse 3b, O-1080 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SG).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

57:40071 Jonas, Raymond A. Peasants, population, and industry in France. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 22, No. 2, Autumn 1991. 177-200 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author analyzes depopulation in rural France after the middle of the nineteenth century. The impact of the development of rural industries on the rural exodus is investigated at both household and regional levels. The focus is on the textile industry in the department of Isere.
Correspondence: R. A. Jonas, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.