Roderic. Population change in Canada: the challenges of
policy adaptation. ISBN 0-7710-1158-X. 1991. 379 pp. McClelland
and Stewart: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
The author explores demographic trends in Canada within both the historical and contemporary contexts and raises policy issues relevant to each demographic component. Topics covered include population and policy processes; mortality, health, and health care; fertility; immigration; population distribution and internal migration; family and household changes; demographic aging; socioeconomic factors, including labor force participation; and ethnic and cultural factors, including language composition. Data are from official and other published sources.
Correspondence: McClelland and Stewart, 481 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2E9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Yong-shan; Chen, Bi-shen. Chinese population: Taiwan
province. [Zhongguo renkou: Taiwan fence.] ISBN 7-5005-0965-0.
1990. 450 pp. China Financial and Economic Press: Beijing, China. In
This is one in a planned series of 32 volumes devoted to the population of China's provinces. The present volume explores the population dynamics of Taiwan from 1171 A.D. to the present. It provides basic information on fertility, mortality, and migration, as well as on population policy. Data are from official Taiwanese sources.
Correspondence: China Financial and Economic Press, 8 East Daifesi Avenue, Beijing East Region, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).
Academy of Social Sciences. Population Research Institute (Beijing,
China). Almanac of China's population, 1990. ISBN
7-80025-393-7. 1991. [xii], 572 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This publication contains a selection of articles and statistics concerning the population of China in 1990. The documents are divided into sections on major policy statements, population characteristics and regional trends, the census, demographic statistics, family planning, and survey findings. The demographic statistics presented include vital rates; population characteristics; economic, industrial, and agricultural development; standard of living; education; and health and nutrition, with a focus on comparisons between China and other countries. A selected list of population research institutions, demographers, and recent books and papers is also included. An appendix summarizes proceedings of four recent conferences.
For an earlier edition concerning 1986, see 54:40838.
Correspondence: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie, Beijing 100732, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Arsene. Depopulation and civilization: a demographic
study. [Depopulation et civilisation: etude demographique.]
Classiques des Sciences Sociales, ISBN 2-7178-1893-6. 1990. liii, 412
pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a reprint of the work by Arsene Dumont, the nineteenth-century French demographer, originally published in 1890. The focus of the work was on the causes of the decline in the rate of population growth in France and what could be done about it. This reprint includes a selection of additional short essays by the same author, with an introduction by Andre Bejin.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Hericart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Yasuko; Kawamata, Seiko. Population statistics of
China. IDE Statistical Data Series, No. 55, Mar 1990. 298 pp.
Institute of Developing Economies [IDE]: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
A selection of population statistics for China compiled from official sources is presented for the period 1949-1988. Most of these data are enumerated separately by province and concern urban and rural population, sex and age distribution, marital status, educational status, ethnic groups, the labor force, the unemployed, households, population density, and income. Population projections to 2057 are included, as are brief articles on minority nationalities in China and on reforms to China's educational system.
Correspondence: Institute of Developing Economies, 42 Ichigaya-Hommura-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
G. P. Demographic behavior: the experience of
sociological research. [Demograficheskoe povedenie: opyt
sotsiologicheskogo izucheniya.] 1990. 194 pp. Akademiya Nauk SSSR,
Institut Sotsiologii: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on aspects of demographic behavior in the USSR. Topics covered include marriage, divorce, fertility, health issues, and migration. Most of the articles are based on analyses of socio-demographic surveys conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
Correspondence: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Institut Sotsiologii, ul. Krzhizhanovskogo 24/35, 117259 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Karol J.; Termote, Marc. Towards a population policy for
Canada: migration, ethnicity, regions and social concerns. [Vers
une politique demographique pour le Canada: migration, groupes
ethniques, regions et problemes sociaux.] Canadian Studies in
Population, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1990. v, 166 pp. University of Alberta,
Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton,
Canada. In Eng; Fre.
This volume presents the results of the second phase of Canada's Review of Demography and Its Implications for Economic and Social Policy, begun in 1986. Commentaries are included on 26 studies commissioned by the Review. They are grouped into eight categories: immigration, languages and ethnoreligious change, internal migration, problems faced by remote regions, women's and youth's changing circumstances, the aged and the family environment, economics and labor, and population policies. The commentaries are in English or French.
Correspondence: University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jolanta; Pociecha, Jozef; Zajac, Kazimierz. Methods of
multi-dimensional comparative analysis in studies on demographic
development. [Metody wielowymiarowej analizy porownawczej w
badaniach rozwoju demograficznego.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 336,
1991. 134 pp. Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii:
Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The authors identify factors affecting the process of demographic development and analyze Poland's position in Europe's demographic transition. After a general introduction, Chapter 2 considers the theory of multivariate analysis and the problems associated with its use, including selection and weighting of variables and linear ordering. Chapter 3 addresses the research methodology involved, including a discussion of the theories of demographic development, fertility, and mortality, as well as problems in modeling demographic development. The final chapter analyzes demographic trends in Poland and compares them to those in other European countries.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-544 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches
Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). Population in the
year 2062: strategies, trends. [Population l'an 2062:
strategies, tendances.] Etudes Demographiques, 1991. 276 pp. Rabat,
Morocco. In Fre.
This publication contains five separate studies on aspects of population trends in Morocco. The focus of the studies is on the inclusion of the population factor in the development planning process. The first study describes the extent to which demographic variables have been included in development plans from 1960 to 1992. The second summarizes recent changes in population policy. The third and fourth analyze household composition and structure and present household projections up to 2007. A final chapter looks at long-term trends from 1960 to 2062.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Charii Maa El Ainain, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
57:40032 Mostert, W.
P.; Lotter, J. M.; Jansen, Mimi. South Africa's
demographic future. ISBN 0-7969-0905-9. 1990. ii, 237 pp. Human
Sciences Research Council: Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
This collection of 17 papers by various authors is the product of a seminar entitled Population Trends and Consequences in Southern Africa. The conference was held in Pretoria, South Africa, in March 1990, in order to publicize results from the South African Demographic and Health Survey of 1987-1989. Papers are included on population growth and development, urbanization and health, infant and child mortality, historical and recent fertility trends, demographic aging, migration and urbanization, housing and infrastructure, education, the macroeconomic consequences of population growth, political factors, and social change.
Correspondence: HSRC Publishers, 134 Pretorius Street, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
V. I. USSR: demographic diagnosis. [SSSR:
demograficheskii diagnoz.] ISBN 5-01-002569-8. 1990. 694 pp. Progress:
Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of articles by various authors dealing with aspects of the contemporary crisis of Soviet society. Among the topics considered are demographic issues such as changes in the family and household, induced abortion, morbidity, demographic aging, and urbanization. The implications of the changing ethnic distribution of the population are also examined.
Correspondence: Progress Publishers, 11 Zubovsky Boulevard, 119847 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Michael; Hobcraft, John. Population research in
Britain. Population Studies, Vol. 45, Suppl., ISBN 0-905-804-04X.
1991. 206 pp. London School of Economics and Political Science,
Population Investigation Committee: London, England. In Eng.
This volume is a product of the 1986 Annual Conference of the British Society for Population Studies. Eight of the ten papers summarize the main trends in population research in the United Kingdom during the 50 years since the Population Investigation Committee was established at the London School of Economics and Political Science. The remaining two papers examine demographic research trends in the United States and in Europe as a whole.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Population Investigation Committee, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Louis; Blum, Alain. European population. Volume 1:
country analysis. [Demographie europeenne. Vol. 1: analyse par
pays.] Congresses et Colloquia, No. 8, ISBN 0-86196-336-9. 1991. xxv,
450 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France; Institut National
d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre.
This volume was prepared for the European Population Conference, held in Paris, France, October 21-25, 1991, sponsored jointly by the European Association for Population Studies [EAPS], the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP], and the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]. It consists of 25 studies by various authors on the demographic situation in the various countries of Europe, including the USSR. The papers are in English or French.
Correspondence: Editions John Libbey Eurotext, 6 rue Blanche, 92120 Montrouge, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
V. S. Demographic development in the Ukrainian SSR
(1970-1979). [Demograficheskoe razvitie Ukrainskoi SSR (1970-1979
gg.).] LC 88-154743. 1987. 254 pp. Naukova Dumka: Kiev, USSR. In Rus.
The author analyzes demographic developments in the Ukrainian Republic during the 1970s. Topics covered include age and sex structure, marriage, family, education, occupations, and the social status of the population by territories. She discusses in more detail trends in fertility, mortality, marriage, and divorce. The analysis is based on available official statistical materials and the results of several socio-demographic studies.
Correspondence: Naukova Dumka, Ul. Repina 3, 252601 Kiev 4, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James W.; Ochoa, Enrique C.; Lorey, David E. Statistical
abstract of Latin America. Vol. 28, ISBN 0-87903-252-9. LC
56-63569. 1990. lx, 1,261 pp. University of California, Latin America
Center: Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
This volume, one in a series published annually, presents a selection of statistics concerning Latin America which are taken from a variety of sources and are presented in time series. Part III is concerned with population, health, and education, and includes chapters on demography; vital statistics and disease; health, nutrition, family planning, and welfare; and education and science. Other parts include data on the labor force, migration, and religion. The data are presented separately by country.
For a previous publication in this series concerning 1987, see 53:30042.
Correspondence: UCLA Latin American Center, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1447. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).
Alain. Uncovering the hidden demographic history of the
USSR. Population Today, Vol. 19, No. 7-8, Jul-Aug 1991. 6-8 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Recently released information on population dynamics in the USSR for the 1930s is described. The data were originally suppressed for political reasons. Consideration is given to data collection, the famine of 1933, the findings of the 1937 census, and excess mortality during World War II.
This is a translation of the French article published in 1991 and cited in 57:10021.
Correspondence: A. Blum, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Michele; di Francia, Angelo. Demographic balances,
economic growth, and occupational resource needs in the Mediterranean
countries from 1950 to 2000. [Squilibri demografici, crescita
economica e fabbisogno occupazionale nei paesi del Mediterraneo dal
1950 al 2000.] Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1990.
119-41 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
A general analysis of the demographic conditions prevailing in the countries bordering the Mediterranean is presented. The authors examine the demographic diversities among the countries concerned, the differences in levels of economic development, and the contrasts between manpower needs and resources.
Correspondence: M. Bruni, Universita degli Studi di Modena, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Via Universita 4, 41100 Modena, Italy. Location: New York Public Library.
57:40040 de Beer,
Joop; Beets, Gijs; Bosman, Erwin; Willems, Paul. Trends in
population and family in the Low Countries. Bevolking en Gezin,
No. 1, 1991. 133-215 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"This extensive contribution presents an overview of what actually happened in Belgium and the Netherlands in the field of demographically relevant topics, with a focus on the recent past....Two paragraphs [cover] population and vital statistics mainly in the current century, one for each country, with a particular focus on the [past] 40 years....After the separate contributions from Belgium...and the Netherlands...there is a section comparing the Belgian and Dutch demographic developments....Two sections follow, again one for each country, which are devoted to political decision-making in the two countries in the post-war era, relevant to demographic behaviour...."
Correspondence: J. de Beer, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, Department for Population Statistics, P.O. Box 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED] (Paris,
France). Twentieth report on the demographic situation in
France. [Vingtieme rapport sur la situation demographique de la
France.] 1991. xi, 79 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de la
Solidarite: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in France are reviewed in this annual report. The first part looks at population trends as a whole. The second part focuses on fertility, with sections on fertility determinants; fertility control, including contraception and abortion; and fertility and the ability of each generation to replace itself.
For a previous report in this series, published in 1990, see 57:20036.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Eugene. Demographic research in Britain 1936-1986.
In: Population research in Britain, edited by Michael Murphy and John
Hobcraft. 1991. 3-30 pp. London School of Economics and Political
Science, Population Investigation Committee: London, England. In Eng.
A summary of developments in demographic research in the United Kingdom over the past 50 years is presented. The author begins by reviewing the situation concerning population research in the 1930s. He then details the setting up of the Population Investigation Committee and the Royal Commission on Population. The author concludes that although the study of demography has developed over time "it remains a relatively small and specialized subject and is less developed in Britain than in France, Belgium or the Netherlands, to mention only neighbouring Western European states."
Correspondence: E. Grebenik, London School of Economics and Political Science, Population Investigation Committee, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
John. China's population: an alternative
perspective. Geography Review, Vol. 3, No. 2, Nov 1989. 26-31 pp.
Deddington, England. In Eng.
The author presents a selection of cartograms designed to illustrate aspects of the demography of China. Topics covered include population growth, density, regional variations in fertility, and age distribution. A discussion of the advantages of using cartograms (maps drawn proportional to a given variable) as opposed to conventional, area-based maps, is included.
Correspondence: J. Jowett, Glasgow University, Department of Geography, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: University of Minnesota Library.
Jean; Thill-Ditsch, Germaine. Demographic trends.
[Evolution demographique.] Bulletin du STATEC, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1991.
153-8 pp. Luxembourg. In Fre.
Current demographic trends in Luxembourg are summarized using official data. The focus is on trends from 1970 to 1990. Comparisons are made with other European countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
57:40045 Leon, Jose
L. The demographic crisis and population trends: Central
America in the 1980s. [Crisis y evolucion demografica: America
Central en los ochenta.] Polemica, No. 12, Sep-Dec 1990. 23-34 pp. San
Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
This is a comparative study of population trends in the Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Consideration is given to fertility, mortality, and migration. Population projections are included up to the year 2000.
Correspondence: J. L. Leon, Cancilleria Mexicana, Instituto Matias Romero de Estudios Diplomaticos, Mexico City, Mexico. Location: New York Public Library.
Lopez-Escartin, N. Basic data on population:
Cameroon. [Donnees de base sur la population: Cameroun.] No. 1,
ISBN 2-87762-020-4. Aug 1991. 11 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population
et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This publication on Cameroon is one in a series presenting basic demographic data for the francophone countries of Africa. The data, which are from published sources, consist of a time series of the available principal demographic indicators and of information on spatial, age, and sex distributions. Other countries included in the series are Madagascar, Gabon, Togo, Chad, Benin, Senegal, and the Congo.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Peter A. California's demographic outlook: implications
for growth management. RAND Paper, No. P-7738, 1991. 6 pp. RAND:
Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
This is a transcript of the author's testimony to the state of California's Governor's Interagency Council on Growth Management. The conference was held on July 12, 1991, and was concerned with the demographic aspects of population growth in the state. The author focuses on population size and composition, household size, and regional concentration of population.
Correspondence: RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nyan. Recent levels and trends of fertility and mortality
in Myanmar. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2, Jun
1991. 3-20 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"Because the Government of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) considers the country under-populated, it has not adopted a family planning programme. However, recent data show that, while fertility remains high, there has been some decline since the mid-1970s. Since the mid-1950s, mortality has gradually declined, but the decline seems to have slowed down in recent years. This article concludes that it is necessary to slow population growth by controlling fertility in order to achieve economic and social development."
Correspondence: N. Myint, Institute of Economics, Department of Statistics, Yangon, Myanmar. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
57:40049 Prins, C.
J. M.; Verhoef, R. Demographic review of the Netherlands,
1990. [Demografie van Nederland 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de
Bevolking, No. 7, Jul 1991. 14-29 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut.
with sum. in Eng.
Demographic data for the 15 million inhabitants of the Netherlands in 1990 are presented. Statistics on population growth, age distribution, fertility, foreign and native-born residents, mortality, life expectancy, marriage, divorce, and internal and international migration are included. Current trends indicate that the population will peak at or near 16 million inhabitants in the year 2001.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ronald. Emigration, immigration and fertility decline:
demographic integration or disintegration? In: The other Hong Kong
report 1991, edited by Yun-wing Sung and Ming-kwan Lee. ISBN
962-201-538-7. 1991. 233-58 pp. Chinese University Press: Hong Kong. In
The author discusses Hong Kong's current and predicted demographic trends in light of the impending 1997 transfer of sovereignty to China. He concludes that "the uncertainty in the territory over the transfer of sovereignty may be accentuating existing trends but it is not creating an entirely new demographic cast. Hong Kong is an integral part of regional and global patterns, a node in the international system of population interchange and part of regional fertility declines. Its fertility decline reflects its economic development and its migration integrates it firmly into the Asia-Pacific region." Issues analyzed include emigration and the brain drain, immigration and the resultant lowering of wages, the fertility decline, regional fertility patterns, current and future population policies, the refugee problem, and temporary international commuting by workers into China.
Correspondence: R. Skeldon, University of Hong Kong, Department of Geography and Geology, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
57:40051 van de Kaa,
Dirk J. Emerging issues in demographic research for
contemporary Europe. In: Population research in Britain, edited by
Michael Murphy and John Hobcraft. 1991. 189-206 pp. London School of
Economics and Political Science, Population Investigation Committee:
London, England. In Eng.
The author presents an overview of the current issues in population studies and demography that are drawing attention in Europe.
Correspondence: D. J. van de Kaa, Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Meyboomlaan 1, 2242 PR Wassenaar, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nimwegen, Nico. Population research in the Netherlands
during the eighties: an overview. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1,
1991. 123-31 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"In the mid-eighties the Programming Committee for Demographic Research [in the Netherlands] formulated plans for future research into population issues. This contribution examines the extent to which the plans have been realized to date, and provides conclusions for the research plans of the nineties."
Correspondence: N. van Nimwegen, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Pavel. Reflections on recent and future population
development. [Nekolik uvah o soucasnem a budoucim populacnim
vyvoji.] Demografie, Vol. 33, No. 2, 1991. 97-105 pp. Prague,
Czechoslovakia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author discusses current population dynamics in Czechoslovakia and forecasts the emergence of new trends following the political changes of 1989. The emergence of both cohabitation and sexual sterilization is discussed. The author predicts declines in mortality, induced abortions, fertility, and nuptiality combined with a growth in fertility outside marriage.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
O. D. The demographic situation in the USSR in the
1980s. [Demograficheskaya situatsiya v SSSR v 80-e gody.]
Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 4, 1991. 43-52 pp. Moscow, USSR.
Recent demographic trends in the USSR are reviewed, with a focus on the 1980s. More detailed consideration is given to trends in fertility, mortality, life expectancy, and infant mortality.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).