Sajeda; Pebley, Anne R. Gender inequality within
households: the impact of a women's development program in 36
Bangladeshi villages. OPR Working Paper Series, No. 91-6, Aug
1990. 36 pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]:
Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
The authors examine the effects of a women's development program in Bangladesh on changing women's status both in the community and within their families. Data are from surveys carried out in 36 rural villages in 1988 and 1989. The results show that women in such programs appear to have greater physical and financial independence and are more likely to participate in family decision-making. However, they retain traditional attitudes with respect to their children's marriage and education.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 56, No. 3, Fall 1990, p. 438).
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Pramilla. Young women and reproduction: offering options
and choices. Development, No. 1, 1990. 24-8 pp. Rome, Italy. In
The author "examines how the status and role of women in society have been determined largely by the interaction of social structure and religious and cultural norms: the family and kinship systems, class, traditions and beliefs are the major socio-cultural variables explaining the differences in women's status." Particular attention is given to the interaction of these factors with fertility and reproduction.
Correspondence: P. Senanayake, International Planned Parenthood Federation, PO Box 759, Inner Circle, Regent's Park, London NW1 4NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Peter A. Congress and the year 2000: a demographic
perspective on future issues. RAND Note, No. N-3279-CRS, 1991. xi,
27 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
"This Note identifies the probable directions of change that will flow from [U.S.] population shifts over the next several decades and explores the potential effects on several areas of future congressional concern." Aspects considered include the structure of children's families, characteristics of the labor force, racial and ethnic diversification, population aging, and geographical distribution.
Correspondence: RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
57:30691 Nurun Nabi,
A. K. M.; Krishnan, P. Political demography of Bangladesh:
a preliminary analysis. Population Research Laboratory Discussion
Paper, No. 79, Apr 1991. 27 pp. University of Alberta, Department of
Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
Demographic indicators and socioeconomic conditions in Bangladesh are discussed, with a focus on the factors that make development difficult. Consideration is given to the failure of government family planning policies and programs to reduce the high fertility rate. This is the second part of a study of the political demography of Bangladesh and concerns the period since 1971; the first part discussed the factors leading to the country's independence.
For the first part of the study, published in 1990, see 56:30683.
Correspondence: University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jack. Population control and politics. Population and
Environment, Vol. 12, No. 4, Summer 1991. 355-77 pp. New York, New
York. In Eng.
The author argues for population control and discusses the roles that social scientists play in political arenas promoting population policies. He reviews historical and contemporary attitudes and philosophies toward population control and proposes methods of political responsibility toward establishing promotion and acceptance of control policies. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: J. Parsons, Treferig Cottage, Llantrisant Poltyclun, Mid-Glamorgan, Wales CF 78 LQ. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jeffrey S. What census adjustment would mean.
Population Today, Vol. 19, No. 6, Jun 1991. 6-8 pp. Washington, D.C. In
The author discusses the estimated undercount of the 1990 U.S. census and the effects adjustments might have on congressional apportionment, legislative redistricting, and fund distribution, as well as the implications for future censuses.
Correspondence: J. S. Passel, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Allen L. The effects of census undercount adjustment on
congressional apportionment. JASA: Journal of the American
Statistical Association, Vol. 86, No. 414, Jun 1991. 526-41 pp.
Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This article shows that undercount adjustment [of the 1990 U.S. census] will probably reallocate one [in] three House seats across the states. The adjustment's impact may depend on the method used and the assumptions underlying undercount estimates. Using regression analysis to reduce sampling error in undercount estimates from dual-systems analysis, however, eliminates sensitivity to all but the most extreme changes in assumptions. Generally, adjustment will more likely affect large states than small ones, and large states with proportionately many urban Black and Hispanic residents will likely gain seats at the expense of large states with few such residents."
Correspondence: A. L. Schirm, Mathematica Policy Research, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Suite 550, Washington, D.C. 20024-2512. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).
Eric. The Quetelet chair, 1989. Revolution and
population: demographic aspects of the major political
revolutions. [Chaire Quetelet 1989. Revolution et population:
aspects demographiques des grandes revolutions politiques.] ISBN
2-87209-115-7. 1990. 312 pp. Academia: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In
This is a collection of papers in English or French by various authors concerning the demographic aspects of political revolution. It is one in a series of proceedings from annual conferences organized by the Demographic Institute of the Catholic University in Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. The primary focus of this conference was the French Revolution of 1789, but papers are also included on revolutions in Mexico, Russia, Cuba, Europe, Spain, Italy, West Africa, Algeria, Iran, Paraguay, and Bangladesh.
Correspondence: Academia, 42 Passage de l'Ergot, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
John C.; Findley, Sally; Caldwell, Pat; Santow, Gigi; Cosford, Wendy;
Braid, Jennifer; Broers-Freeman, Daphne. What we know
about health transition: the cultural, social and behavioural
determinants of health. The proceedings of an international workshop,
Canberra, May 1989. Health Transition Series, No. 2, ISBN
0-7315-1106-9. 1990. xix, 933 pp. Australian National University,
Health Transition Centre: Canberra, Australia. Distributed by
Bibliotech, ANUTECH Pty Ltd, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.
These are the proceedings of a workshop held in Canberra, Australia in 1989, concerning the relationship between health and the decline in mortality. The main objective of this workshop was to determine the current state of knowledge in this area and to provide a benchmark for future studies. The 58 papers are organized under the following headings: studying the health transition; the historical experience of the West; health trends in the developing world; socio-political elements of health; the relationship between education and health-related behavior; cultural attitudes to sickness and health--a case study of Indonesia; the social and cultural context of health-related behavior; women's empowerment and health; the structure and provision of health services; the social and behavioral aspects of specific diseases; and a synthesis of methodological and policy issues.
Correspondence: Australian National University, Health Transition Centre, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Foundation (New York, New York). Reproductive health: a
strategy for the 1990s. Program Paper of the Ford Foundation, ISBN
0-916584-45-3. Jun 1991. vi, 38 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a report on the Ford Foundation's population program, which "makes reproductive health its centerpiece, emphasizes the social, cultural, and economic factors that influence reproductive health, and pays special attention to disadvantaged women of developing countries, in both rural and urban areas, throughout their reproductive live cycle. The program will also support efforts to control sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS, and address the special needs of adolescents." Program strategies are also discussed, including research and training activities, empowering women, and public discussions of policy, ethics, and the law.
Correspondence: Ford Foundation, Office of Communications, 320 East 43rd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Marjorie A. The AIDS prevention dilemma in Thailand.
Asian and Pacific Population Forum, Vol. 4, No. 4, Winter 1990. 1-8,
21-7 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its causative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have become a rapidly spreading menace in Asia as elsewhere. This article summarizes the current status of the AIDS epidemic in Thailand, identifies the patterns of HIV transmission through Thai society, describes governmental and private responses to the epidemic, and suggests further countermeasures."
Correspondence: M. A. Muecke, University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Naohiro. Population ageing and its impact upon health
resource requirements at government and familial levels in Japan.
NUPRI Reprint Series, No. 35, Apr 1990. 23 pp. Nihon University,
Population Research Institute: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"Rapid economic growth in post-war Japan has been accompanied by unprecedented population ageing. In this paper the impact of Japan's ageing population is analysed in respect of (i) health-care services (ii) allocation of resources to health care and (iii) the manpower requirements to support health in old age. These projections are based upon macroeconomic modelling techniques."
Correspondence: Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
I. O.; Caldwell, John C.; Caldwell, Pat. Sexual networking
in the Ekiti district of Nigeria. Studies in Family Planning, Vol.
22, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1991. 61-73 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The confirmation of a significant number of HIV-positive persons and some deaths due to AIDS in Nigeria has rendered more urgent the study of sexual networking, both for an understanding of the risk of HIV transmission and also that of sexually transmitted diseases, which may serve as a vehicle for HIV infection. This article reports on a research project that concentrated initially on developing both small-scale survey and anthropological methodology to a point where reliable information was obtained. The research was carried out in both urban and rural areas of Ekiti, Nigeria, a Yoruba district 150 miles northeast of Lagos. Findings are reported from both the survey of 200 men and 200 women and the supplementary specialized in-depth studies. A high level of premarital and extramarital sexual activity was shown to exist, with higher levels among men than women and in urban than rural areas....Polygyny and postpartum sexual abstinence were underlying social institutions that explained much of the sexual networking. Reported levels of sexually transmitted disease were high, as were beliefs that these diseases could be treated successfully by traditional healers."
Correspondence: I. O. Orubuloye, Ondo State University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ado-Ekiti, Ondo State, Nigeria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Mary. Diet, malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Annales de l'IFORD, Vol. 12, No. 2, Dec 1988. 35-63 pp. Yaounde,
Cameroon. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Two consequences of malnutrition in children in Sub-Saharan Africa are examined, retarded physical growth and mortality. The study is "limited to the association of protein energy malnutrition, as determined by anthropometric indices, and mortality in preschool children in nonemergency community settings in Africa." Data are from a variety of national sources.
Correspondence: M. Serdula, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Health Promotion and Education, Division of Nutrition, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A. Elisabeth; Boerma, J. Ties; Ochoa, Luis H.; Rutstein, Shea
O. Maternal and child health in Bolivia: report on the
In-depth DHS Survey in Bolivia, 1989. Apr 1991. xii, 141 pp.
Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems, Demographic and
Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
This report presents results of an analysis of health data from the Bolivia In-depth Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Demografia y Salud 1989), carried out as part of the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program. A nationally representative sample of 7,923 women aged 15-49 were studied. Topics covered in this report include childhood mortality, causes of death in childhood, diarrhea, respiratory infections, nutritional status, infant feeding, childhood immunizations, prenatal care and delivery assistance, and maternal mortality.
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
States. Agency for International Development [USAID] (Washington,
D.C.). HIV infection and AIDS: a report to Congress on
the USAID program for prevention and control. May 1991. 49 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the 1990 report to Congress on the USAID program for the prevention and control of HIV infection and AIDS in developing countries. "The program mandate is to provide technical and financial assistance to AIDS prevention programs....The report updates the AIDS pandemic and describes USAID support for developing country prevention projects. Highlighted in this year's report is the growing involvement of the private sector, other nongovernmental organizations and active community-based groups in prevention activities."
Correspondence: U.S. Agency for International Development, 320 21st Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20523. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
S. V.; Revazov, A. A.; Golubtsov, V. I.; Kadoshnikova, M. Yu.
Analysis of the structure of urban and rural population in the
central Krasnodar region. [Analiz struktury gorodskikh i sel'skikh
populyatsii tsentral'noi chasti Krasnodarskogo kraya.] Genetika, Vol.
26, No. 11, 1990. 2,070-5 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The population structures in both rural and urban areas of the Korenovsk and Ust-Labinsk districts of the USSR are analyzed, with emphasis on the genetic aspects. Data are included on the demographic structure of the population, fertility trends, and family planning.
Correspondence: S. V. Sladkova, Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR, Institute of Medical Genetics, Moscow 115478, USSR. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.