Volume 57 - Number 3 - Fall 1991

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

57:30572 Cai, Xuequn. An analysis of urban senior citizens in Guangdong Province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1989. 107-14 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Results are presented from a survey conducted in Guangdong Province, China, of 1,675 urban residents aged 60 and older. The survey covered sex ratio, sex distribution, marriage and fertility, daily activities, pleasures and concerns, and future problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30573 Cantalini, Bruno; Lori, Agostino; Ronzoni, Stefano. The rapid aging of the Italian population. [Le vieillissement accelere de la population italienne.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 367-79 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"After comparing demographic aging in Italy and in some other countries, the authors present some results at the municipal, provincial, regional and macro-regional level, for the 1953-1988 period, with projections until 2018. Spatial disparities are impressive: in 1988, in some regions the 60 and over age group already represented 40% of the population and was four times more numerous than the population less than 15 years old."
Correspondence: B. Cantalini, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144, Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30574 China National Committee on Aging. Study Team (Beijing, China). Population aging in China. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 95, Pub. Order No. ST/ESCAP/795. 1989. 109 pp. U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]: Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is one of a series of country studies carried out as part of the "Emerging issues of the aging of population in selected ESCAP countries" project, and concerns China. The first part contains sections on the characteristics of the elderly population and the implications of demographic aging on the socioeconomic structure. The second part presents results from a survey of the aged and their care providers, while the third reviews policies and programs concerning the elderly.
Correspondence: U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30575 Gauthier, Herve. Special study: the demographic aging of the regions, 1976-2036. [Etude speciale: le vieillissement demographique des regions, 1976-2036.] In: Profil statistique des regions du Quebec, by Michel Therrien. Dossiers de Developpement Regional, ISBN 2-550-21326-2. Jan 1991. 133-71 pp. Office de Planification et de Developpement du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
A geographical analysis of the demographic aging process in the Canadian province of Quebec is presented. It is based on the most recent data from the Quebec Bureau of Statistics. These, in turn, are based on Quebec health insurance data rather than on the 1986 Canadian census. The main focus of the study is on probable trends from 1986 to 2006, examining changes in the size of the main age-groups of the population over time.
Correspondence: Gouvernement du Quebec, Ministere des Communications, Bibliotheque Administrative, Rez-de-Chaussee, 1037 rue de la Chevrotiere, Quebec City, Quebec G1R 4Y7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30576 Grigsby, Jill S. Paths for future population aging. Gerontologist, Vol. 31, No. 2, Apr 1991. 195-203 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Trends in demographic aging in developed and developing countries are examined. "Developed countries with low fertility and mortality rates are already experiencing population aging and will continue to do so. Some developing countries undergoing demographic transitions are beginning to acknowledge the issues of population aging. The projected declines in fertility in other developing countries will mean substantial population aging in the future. Alternative measures for population aging can clarify issues that arise with this process. Because population aging is inevitable, all countries need to incorporate aging policies with population policies."
Correspondence: J. S. Grigsby, Pomona College, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Claremont, CA 91711. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

57:30577 Lachapelle, Rejean. The concept of open stable population: an application to the study of changes in population structure. [Le concept de population stable ouverte: application a l'etude des variations de la structure demographique.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 197-214 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The open stable population model is an extension of the stable population model. It is based upon a new immigration index. The model is used to study the impact of demographic phenomena on the population's structure by age and place of birth. For a given increase in the rate of growth, a fertility increase has more impact on the rejuvenation of the age structure than an immigration increase. With an average of 1.75 children per woman, the minimum immigration level required to avoid a decrease in population would result in a percentage of foreign-born similar to the maximum observed in any developed country...." The geographical focus is on developed countries, particularly Canada.
Correspondence: R. Lachapelle, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30578 Mukhopadhyay, Barun K. A study of social classification in age reporting in rural West Bengal. Rural Demography, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, 1988. 47-58 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The author examines "the nature and extent of age misreporting in the various socio-economic classes based on a sample survey conducted by the Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta in the villages of the districts around Calcutta in 1978." The results show considerable variation among the various social groups, with higher errors reported for Muslims, manual laborers, and women, particularly literate women.
Correspondence: B. K. Mukhopadhyay, Indian Statistical Institute, Population Studies, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30579 Parysek, Jerzy J. Differentiation of the age structure in Poland. [Zroznicowanie struktury wieku mieszkancow Polski.] Przeglad Geograficzny, Vol. 61, No. 3, 1989. 221-42 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Regional differences in age distribution in Poland are analyzed for 1985 using methods of multivariable statistical analysis. The analysis shows that the central part of the country has a balanced and stable age structure, while peripheral areas tend to have an unbalanced structure. The exceptions to this trend are Warsaw and Lodz voivodships, which are less-balanced areas surrounded by well-balanced areas.
Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

57:30580 Shi, Jing. A reevaluation of factors affecting the aging of population. Population Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, Jun 1990. 12-21 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
A population dynamics model is used to study trends in population aging. The method involves analyzing the impact of fertility and mortality on aging in light of the demographic transition process. Comparisons are made among China, Sweden, and Japan.
Correspondence: J. Shi, People's University of China, Institute of Population Research, 39 Haidian Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30581 Stolnitz, George J. "Echo" effects on aging of past vital-rate fluctuations in the ECE region. PIRT Working Paper, No. 21, Mar 1990. 27, [7] pp. Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training [PIRT]: Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
"A main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how tracing the aging effects stemming from distant vital events [in the ECE region] can be implemented by using no more than data on estimated and projected sex-age distributions. A second purpose is to quantify the size of such effects. The causal events to be examined are of two main kinds: the two world wars of 1914-1918 and 1939-1945, with main emphasis on their mortality after-effects, and the region's unprecedented fertility fluctuations and subsequent trend movements since about 1930....The sex-age statistics to be used are United Nations estimates and projections, made in the mid-1980's, of ECE national, sub-regional and regional numbers by five-year age intervals for the years 1950, 1955, and so on to 2025...." The ECE region includes Europe, the USSR, and North America.
Correspondence: Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30582 Tian, Xueyuan. A macro-view of China's elderly population: an analysis of the sampling survey in 1987 on China's population above 60 years of age. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1989. 209-22 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This treatise analyzes the characteristics of [China's] elderly population and examines some of the most important factors that affect population, economic development and the reform of the social security system." Data are from a 1987 survey of China's elderly population.
Correspondence: X. Tian, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Population Studies, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30583 Tian, Xueyuan. Research on the changes in population age structure and macro-economic development issues. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1989. 1-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Changes in the age structure in China and their effect on economic development are discussed. Data from 1953, 1964, and 1982 are analyzed and compared, and projections to 2050 are presented. The impact of demographic aging on the provision of social security for the elderly is emphasized.
Correspondence: X. Tian, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing 100732, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

57:30584 Bocquet-Appel, Jean-Pierre; Jakobi, Lucienne. Inheritance of longevity in families at Arthez d'Asson (1685-1975). [La transmission familiale de la longevite a Arthez d'Asson (1685-1975).] Population, Vol. 46, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1991. 327-47 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The TAU model of phenotype transmission was used to analyze correlations of longevity (in nuclear and extended families) at Arthez d'Asson (France] for individuals born between 1686 and 1899."
Correspondence: J. Bocquet-Appel, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Musee de l'Homme, 17 place du Trocadero, 75116 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30585 Cameron, N.; Kgamphe, J. S.; Levin, Z. Age at menarche and an analysis of secular trends in menarcheal age of South African urban and rural black females. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1991. 251-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Age at menarche was estimated using status quo techniques on a sample of 230 rural South African females aged 11 to 17 years....Data from 11 previously reported studies of menarcheal age...analyzed with these data...demonstrated a clear secular trend in both urban and rural females since 1943....The decline in menarcheal age over the last 40 years is thought to be due to improving socioeconomic conditions, but differences between urban and rural groups remain. Within rural groups there appears to be considerable variation in menarcheal age."
Correspondence: N. Cameron, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, Department of Anatomy and Human Biology, Human Growth Research Programme, Parktown 2193, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30586 Garson, Lea K. The centenarian question: old-age mortality in the Soviet Union, 1897-1970. Population Studies, Vol. 45, No. 2, Jul 1991. 265-78 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper examines the available Russian and Soviet census and mortality data from 1897-1970 in order to assess Soviet claims of extraordinary numbers of centenarians. A detailed analysis of age overstatement in the census data and death registration statistics shows that the long history of longevity claims goes hand in hand with a long history of age overstatement. The extraordinary longevity observed in the Soviet Union is in all likelihood the result of that age overstatement."
Correspondence: L. K. Garson, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Sociology, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6299. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30587 Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S. The biology of life span: a quantitative approach. ISBN 3-7186-4983-7. LC 90-26125. 1991. vii, 385 pp. Harwood Academic: New York, New York/Chur, Switzerland. In Eng.
This work, which is translated from the original Russian, summarizes the significant facts and theories concerning the finite life span. It takes an interdisciplinary approach based on the quantitative analysis of survival regularities both in human populations and in animal models. Questions considered include whether life span is programmed or not, whether there is an absolute upper limit to the duration of life, the relative role of social and biological factors, why women live longer than men, and prospects for and ways of prolonging the life span.
Correspondence: Harwood Academic, P.O. Box 786, Cooper Station, New York, NY 10276. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30588 Johansson, Sten; Nygren, Ola. The missing girls of China: a new demographic account. Population and Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, Mar 1991. 35-51, 201, 203 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"High sex ratios at birth in China in the 1980s imply the existence of some 500,000 'missing' girls per year. The authors' analysis of the 1988 two-per-thousand fertility survey indicates that the high sex ratios occur especially among third and higher order births conceived outside local birth plans under China's stringent one-child family planning policy. Adoptions are estimated to account for about half of the missing girls. Some girls whose births went unreported are presumably living with their parents, but the inability to estimate the size of this phenomenon hampers estimates of female infanticide. Excess female infant mortality is postulated at about 39,000 per year, or about 4 infant deaths per thousand live-born girls."
Correspondence: S. Johansson, Statistiska Centralbyran, Karlavagen 100, S-102 50 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30589 Madrigal, Lorena. The reliability of recalled estimates of menarcheal age in a sample of older women. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1991. 105-10 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The accuracy of recalled age at first menses has been questioned, particularly if subjects are relatively old. This paper illustrates the use of a statistical technique that quantifies the reliability of recalled age at menarche based on re-interview of a small (15-20) subsample of subjects. Menarcheal age collected with the retrospective method in a sample of 108 females, 50 years of age and older, from Limon, Costa Rica, is reliable."
Correspondence: L. Madrigal, University of South Florida, Department of Anthropology, Tampa, FL 33620. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30590 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). Longevity gains continue. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1991. 19-26 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Life expectancy in the United States in 1990 is reviewed using preliminary life tables calculated by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company and 1989 provisional data from the National Center for Health Statistics.
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30591 Rosenberg, M. Menarcheal age for Norwegian women born 1830-1960. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 18, No. 3, May-Jun 1991. 207-19 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"Data from birth records from the maternity hospitals in the three main cities in Norway have been used to study the trend in menarcheal age for women born from about 1830 to about 1960....The recollected age at menarche fell from just above 16 years for women born around 1830 to just above 13 years for those born around 1960, the decrease being not totally linear....We have also analysed the relationships of several independent variables to menarcheal age, using multivariate linear regression methods. Besides the woman's year of birth, which was the most important variable throughout the whole period of time, various geographical variables were found to be of moderate importance....The importance of...socially related parameters declined with time, and for women born after 1945 the difference seemed to have disappeared."
Correspondence: M. Rosenberg, University of Oslo, Department of Informatics, Box 1072, Blindern, 0316 Oslo 3, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

57:30592 Alessie, Rob J. M.; Kapteyn, Arie. Consumption, savings and demography. In: Demographic change and economic development, edited by Alois Wenig and Klaus F. Zimmermann. 1989. 272-305 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper estimates and tests an expected (multiperiod) utility maximization model of the joint determination of savings and of expenditures on different goods using panel data. The emphasis is on appropriate modelling of demographic effects (as taste shifters) [such as age and family characteristics] and on the estimation of within period preferences that are consistent with intertemporal two stage budgeting under uncertainty. The parameters of the intratemporal utility function depend on demographic factors in a flexible way. Certain implications of the rational expectations-life cycle hypothesis are tested...." Data used to test the model are from the 1980-1981 Consumer Expenditure Survey of the Netherlands.
Correspondence: R. J. M. Alessie, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30593 Ben-Zion, Uri; Gradstein, Mark. Equilibrium and efficiency in intergenerational transfers. In: Demographic change and economic development, edited by Alois Wenig and Klaus F. Zimmermann. 1989. 152-65 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
The authors develop a model to analyze "the equilibrium and efficiency...of intrafamily transfers....We arrived at the conclusion that in the absence of saving opportunities, intrafamily transfers result in inefficiency and we indicated how the government can overcome this problem by different means."
Correspondence: U. Ben-Zion, Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management Technion, Haifa 3200, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30594 Brouillette, Liliane; Felteau, Claude; Lefebvre, Pierre; Pelletier, Alain. Changes in economic well-being of families with children in Canada and Quebec over the last 15 years. [L'evolution de la situation economique des familles avec enfants au Canada et au Quebec depuis 15 ans.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 241-72 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This study analyses changes in the average real income of families with children [in Canada] over the 1971-1987 period. It presents the factual basis with which to evaluate changes in incomes at a variety of positions along the income distribution, focusing on poverty and income inequality. The study presents the sources of family income changes by emphasizing: the contributions of wives' earnings which affect total family income, the incidence of poverty as well as time available for leisure and child care; the role of government's cash transfers and personal income taxes."
Correspondence: L. Brouillette, Universite du Quebec, Centre de Recherche sur les Politiques Economiques, CP 8888, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30595 Bruinooge, G.; Elteto, O.; Fajth, G.; Grubben, B. Income distributions in an international perspective--the case of Hungary and the Netherlands. Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1990. 39-53 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This article describes the comparison of the income distributions of Hungary and the Netherlands. In this comparison harmonised micro-data have been used to reach a high degree of comparability. The empirical results show that the inequality of household incomes was the same in both countries in the early eighties. After adjustments for differences in size and composition of households the income distribution was less equal in the Netherlands than in Hungary. The equivalence scales used were based on national budget surveys."
Correspondence: G. Bruinooge, Central Bureau of Statistics, Department for Statistics of Income and Consumption, P.O. Box 4481, 6401 CZ Heerlen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).

57:30596 Galor, Oded; Stark, Oded. The probability of return migration, migrants' work effort, and migrants' performance. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 35, No. 2, Apr 1991. 399-405 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper demonstrates that differences in earnings between migrants and the native population may reflect differences in incentives rather than differences in characteristics. The analysis indicates that in the presence of a positive probability of return migration, migrants' work effort is higher than that of comparable native-born workers. This differential may explain why, even if all workers are perfectly homogeneous in skills, migrants often outperform the native-born workers in the receiving economy."
Correspondence: O. Galor, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

57:30597 Greenhalgh, Susan. Land reform and family entrepreneurship in East Asia. In: Rural development and population: institutions and policy, edited by Geoffrey McNicoll and Mead Cain. 1990. 77-118 pp. Population Council: New York, New York; Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author identifies and analyzes the factors that have contributed to the success of land reform in East Asia, in the face of the general failure of land reform elsewhere. Focusing on the cases of Taiwan and the People's Republic of China, she argues that "land reforms democratized family organization [and]....redistributed the tangible means of upward mobility...removing status and profits from agriculture, and transferring them to commerce and industry....The result was a virtual explosion of family entrepreneurship that, in turn, promoted....economic growth and diversification, rural-urban balance, and a comparatively rapid fertility decline in response to changes in the requirements for family socioeconomic success."
Correspondence: S. Greenhalgh, Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30598 Marcoux, Richard; Morin, Richard; Rose, Damaris. Young and economically precarious: an analysis of the situation of couples. [Jeunes et precarisation economique: analyse de la situation des couples.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 273-308 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Changes in the economic status of young married and unmarried couples in Canada are examined for the period 1960-1989. The impact of the economic recession created by the restructuring of the economy in the early 1980s on the income of the young is analyzed. The authors investigate the impoverishment of young couples and compare it "with the evolution of income among older couples and analyze the impact of various factors, [such] as job stability, wage level and relative contribution of both partners."
Correspondence: R. Marcoux, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30599 Wright, Robert E. Income inequality and the demographic transition. 1990. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The geographical focus of this study is on developing countries. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Western Ontario.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(4).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

57:30600 Folbre, Nancy. Women on their own: residential independence in Massachusetts in 1880. Continuity and Change, Vol. 6, No. 1, May 1991. 87-105 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper...[combines] feminist theoretical insights with quantitative demographic methods to argue that women's early participation in wage labour was accompanied by significant increases in female residential independence. The first section critically reviews the social historical and demographic literature on kin/no-kin structure in U.S. households....The second section develops a critique of the concept of 'headship' and suggests an alternative emphasis on the broader concept of gender composition. The third section outlines ways of measuring individual residential propensities from manuscript census data, and illustrates these with a comparison of women 'living on their own' [in 1880] in two Massachusetts towns characterized by different patterns of female employment."
Correspondence: N. Folbre, University of Massachusetts, Department of Economics, Amherst, MA 01003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30601 Forste, Renata; Tienda, Marta. Race and ethnic variation in the schooling consequences of female adolescent sexual activity. Population Research Center Discussion Paper Series, No. OSC 90-7, Sep 1990. 24, [7] pp. University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center [NORC], Population Research Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Using data from the National Survey of Families and Households, we examine the influence of adolescent childbearing and marriage on the likelihood of high school completion among a cohort of [U.S.] women aged 20 to 29 in 1987. Employing event history techniques, we found striking differences by ethnicity. While the effect of teen marriage on school completion was significant only for whites, adolescent childbearing had much stronger deleterious effects for Latinas than for white or especially black teens. We present attitudinal data in an effort to explain these differences."
Correspondence: NORC Librarian, NORC/University of Chicago, 6030 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30602 Massey, Douglas S.; Gross, Andrew B. A pessimistic interpretation of recent declines in black residential segregation. Population Research Center Discussion Paper Series, No. OSC 90-6, Jun 1990. 23 pp. University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center [NORC], Population Research Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Although some observers have been encouraged by the rapid declines in racial segregation that have occurred across U.S. metropolitan areas, we are considerably more pessimistic about the prospects for integration and are skeptical about the declining significance of racial discrimination in U.S. housing markets. We have shown that large declines were limited to a select set of SMSAs that were uncharacteristic of urban areas where most blacks lived. Our analysis suggests that desegregation occurred primarily in places where the percentage of blacks was such that little or no segregation had to be imposed to keep the probability of white-black contact low, so that desegregation could occur without threatening white preferences for limited contact with blacks. Declines were also limited to rapidly growing urban areas that contained many homes built after 1970, after the Fair Housing Act took effect."
Correspondence: NORC Librarian, NORC/University of Chicago, 6030 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30603 Nault, Francois. Aging and education of the Quebec population. [Vieillissement et scolarisation de la population quebecoise.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1990. 309-23 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Having projected the composition of the population of the province of Quebec for the years 2011 and 2031 with respect to level of education, the author suggests ways in which an increase in the overall level of scholastic attainment could help Quebec meet the challenge of an aging population. According to him, a better educated population would be more productive and less dependent on public finances when it reached retirement. Such a population would cost less in terms of health care and could, if needed, remain in the labor force past retirement age."
Correspondence: F. Nault, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OT6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30604 Sha, Jicai. Improving the educational make-up of the population. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1989. 31-41 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author analyzes educational levels in China and their relationship to economic development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

57:30605 Census Applications (Sydney, Australia). Birthplace, language, religion, 1971-86. Volume 2A--local government areas by birthplace. Pub. Order No. 91 0100 2. ISBN 0-644-13787-8. 1991. xxi, 367 pp. Bureau of Immigration Research: South Carlton, Australia. In Eng.
This is one in a series of five related volumes "which provide data on population numbers, rates of change, and the birthplace, language and religion characteristics of people in Local Government Areas, statistical regions, States and Territories of Australia. It is based on the 1971, 1976, 1981 and 1986 Censuses of Population and Housing conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics...." This volume presents data on the population of local government areas by birthplace. A companion volume, 2B, presents data for the same areas by religion.
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30606 Census Applications (Sydney, Australia). Birthplace, language, religion, 1971-86. Volume 3--birthplace, language and religion by statistical regions. Pub. Order No. 91 0102 6. ISBN 0-644-13788-6. 1991. xv, 395 pp. Bureau of Immigration Research: South Carlton, Australia. In Eng.
This is one in a series of five related volumes. In this volume, separate tables are devoted to birthplace, language spoken at home, and religious preference by Australian statistical region.
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30607 Census Applications (Sydney, Australia). Birthplace, language, religion, 1971-86. Volume 5--summary data: total Australian population, the overseas-born component and average annual growth rates by local government areas and statistical regions. Pub. Order No. 91 0104 X. ISBN 0-644-13790-8. 1991. xxi, 220 pp. Bureau of Immigration Research: South Carlton, Australia. In Eng.
This is one in a series of five related volumes. In this volume, each table provides data for a local government area or statistical region on total population, overseas-born population, and changes over time in the ratio of native-born to overseas-born.
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30608 Crissman, Lawrence W. Chinese immigrant families in Australia: a variety of experiences. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol. 22, No. 1, Spring 1991. 25-37 pp. Calgary, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author examines ethnic Chinese immigrants in Australia, emphasizing the diversity of their backgrounds and nations of origin. He then analyzes various differentiating factors such as wealth and class, occupation, and religion. He notes that "despite the manifold cultural and experimental differences among the 'Chinese', in Australia, their children are all growing up to be Australian culturally, although their identity may be problematic or contextual."
Correspondence: L. W. Crissman, Griffith University, School of Modern Asian Studies, Division of Asian and International Studies, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30609 De Vos, Susan. Population and development among blacks in South Africa: a review. CDE Working Paper, No. 88-25, [1988]. 30, [7] pp. University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"This paper surveys demographics of the Black (African) population of South Africa. It addresses issues of mortality, fertility (and family planning), distribution (and migration, urbanization), population growth, and development. It is not difficult to point out the paucity of data, although there is enough to be alarmed by the fast rate of population growth, and to be concerned about population distribution." Issues concerning development policy are discussed.
Correspondence: University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 4412 Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30610 Fernandez, Edward W. The Hispanic population of the U.S. southwest borderland. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 172, Apr 1991. v, 39 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The text and tables in this report compare Hispanic and non-Hispanic population growth in the border and nonborder regions of the [U.S. states bordering Mexico] and in the metropolitan areas 'close' to the border. The size, distribution, and type of Hispanic population in the border and non-border regions of each border State, and social, economic, and demographic characteristics of Hispanics and non-Hispanics in these regions are also discussed. Some of the compared characteristics include: age, sex, marital status, school enrollment, educational attainment, fertility, type and size of household, labor force status, occupation, family income, and poverty status."
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30611 Harmsen, C. N.; van der Heijdt, J. Dutch residents of Indonesian origin, January 1, 1990. [In Nederland woonachtige personen van Indonesische ('Indische') origine, 1 januari 1990.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 39, No. 5, May 1991. 13-21 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Data on persons of Indonesian origin living in the Netherlands as of January 1, 1990, are presented. As of that date 473,000 persons of Indonesian origin lived in the country and of those "only 8 thousand were Indonesian nationals. About 57%...was born in the Netherlands, thus belonging to the second generation....The sex-ratio in the population of Indonesian origin is about 1 and corresponds to that of the Dutch population. Slight differences appear in the age composition and marital status of the population. The mean age of the Dutch population is about 36.6, whereas the Indonesian population is on average 35.3 years old....The Indonesian population is less often married than the population of the Netherlands as a whole and slightly more often never married, or divorced....The Indonesian population lives rather evenly spread over the country."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30612 Haskey, John. The ethnic minority populations resident in private households--estimates by county and metropolitan district of England and Wales. Population Trends, No. 63, Spring 1991. 22-35 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article presents working estimates of the population of the different ethnic groups in the counties and metropolitan districts of England and Wales in 1986-88. The method of estimation is explained; use was made of data from the 1981 and 1986-88 Labour Force Surveys and also from the 1981 Census....The geographical patterns of residence of the different ethnic groups are investigated and discussed, and the topic of relative geographical concentrations of the different ethnic minority populations is explored."
Correspondence: J. Haskey, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Demographic Analysis and Vital Statistics Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30613 Kovacsics, Jozsef. The Hungarian Germans between 1870 and 1941. [Die Ungarndeutsche zwischen 1870-1941.] Review of Historical Demography, No. 6, 1990. 22-43 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Ger.
Information is presented on the German population in Hungary between 1870 and 1941. The data are from censuses and other sources. Topics examined include population size and growth, emigration, birth and death rates, urban and rural population, and socioeconomic characteristics such as religion and occupation.
Correspondence: J. Kovacsics, V. Vaci-utca 40, 1056 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30614 Martinez, Jorge. Census of selected Indian converts: a sociodemographic analysis. The districts of Labranza, Molco, Maquehue, and Metrenco, Cautin Province, ninth region, Chile, October-December 1988. [Censo de reducciones indigenas seleccionadas: analisis sociodemografico. Distritos Labranza, Molco, Maquehue y Metrenco, Provincia de Cautin, IX Region, Chile, octubre-diciembre 1988.] CELADE Serie OI, No. 93, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/G. 96. 1990. iii, 312 pp. Universidad de la Frontera: Temuco, Chile; U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This publication presents results from the 1988 census of a rural American Indian population in Chile. While the focus is on the living conditions of the population concerned, chapters are also included on their population characteristics, maternal and infant mortality, educational status, labor force participation, and housing, households, and the family.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30615 Munz, Rainer. Comparing ethnic structures and government policies affecting minorities in South Tyrol (Alto Adige) and Burgenland. [Ethnische Struktur und Minderheitenpolitik: ein Vergleich zwischen Sudtirol und dem Burgenland.] Demographische Informationen 1990/91, [1991]. 102-10, 155-6 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The ethnic minorities of lands that became parts of Italy, Germany, Hungary, and Austria after World War I are discussed in terms of their assimilation and legal and political rights in the various countries. Particular attention is given to South Tyrol and Burgenland.
Correspondence: R. Munz, Instituts fur Demographie, Hintere Zollamtsstrasse 2b, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30616 Schick, Frank L.; Schick, Renee. Statistical handbook on U.S. Hispanics. ISBN 0-89774-554-X. LC 90-48167. 1991. xv, 255 pp. Oryx Press: Phoenix, Arizona. In Eng.
"This publication provides a selection of recent statistical data from various sources which illustrate the growing demographic, political, economic, social, and cultural impact exerted by America's Hispanics." The data are taken primarily from U.S. government sources. Sections are included on population characteristics; immigration and naturalization; social characteristics, including families and households; education; health; politics; the labor force, including occupations and unemployment; and economic conditions, including income and poverty status.
Correspondence: Oryx Press, 4041 North Central at Indian School Road, Phoenix, AZ 85012-3397. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:30617 Schwartz, Lee. A note on the Jewish population of the USSR from the 1989 census data. Soviet Geography, Vol. 32, No. 6, Jun 1991. 433-5 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
This note provides additional, more detailed information on the composition and spatial distribution of the Jewish population of the USSR in 1989. It supplements the author's previous study on the nationality distribution in the USSR.
For the article by the same author, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: L. Schwartz, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20016. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30618 Schwartz, Lee. USSR nationality redistribution by republic, 1979-1989: from published results of the 1989 all-Union census. Soviet Geography, Vol. 32, No. 4, Apr 1991. 209-48 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"An additional report on the results of the 1989 population census...describes changes in the ethnic composition of Soviet republics and other major regions (e.g., Siberia), as well as changes in the spatial distribution of the country's major ethnic groups. Data from the major 1989 Goskomstat source publication are refined and supplemented by information from more recent sources. Coverage is in a format similar to the reported ethnic results of the 1979 population census...to facilitate comparability."
Correspondence: L. Schwartz, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20016. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:30619 Zuljic, Stanko. The ethnic structure of Yugoslavia and changing processes. [Narodnosna struktura Jugoslavije i tokovi promjena.] No. 108, 1989. 178 pp. Ekonomski Institut: Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The ethnic composition of Yugoslavia is analyzed, with particular attention to the effect of migration on the ethnic composition of the population since 1945. The analysis is presented for the whole country and individually for the six constituent republics and the two autonomous regions of Serbia.
Correspondence: Ekonomski Institut, Trg Johna Kennedya 7, 41000 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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