Volume 57 - Number 2 - Summer 1991

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

57:20567 Budd, John W.; Guinnane, Timothy W. Intentional age-misreporting, age-heaping, and the 1908 Old Age Pensions Act in Ireland. OPR Working Paper Series, No. 91-5, Jan 1991. 20, [25] pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"The United Kingdom's Old Age Pensions Act of 1908 instituted means-tested, non-contributory pensions for males and females aged 70 or more. The pension and the lack of civil registration of births before 1864 caused many Irish to exaggerate their ages in the 1911 Census. This paper uses a linked sample from the manuscript censuses of 1901 and 1911 to estimate the magnitude and determinants of this age misrepresentation. Our results show three types of age discrepancies: those associated with a significant reduction in age-heaping; those associated with efforts to obtain a pension before age 70; and some apparent age-exaggeration unconnected to the Old Age Pension."
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, Working Paper Series, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20568 Carmichael, Gordon A. Colonial and post-colonial demographic patterns in Australia. Working Papers in Demography, No. 23, 1990. 52 pp. Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Division of Demography and Sociology: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"The paper attempts to summarize two centuries of Australia's demographic history with the theme of gender relations in mind. It first traces the growth of Australia's population and the contributions to it of immigration and natural increase. It next discusses trends in gender, age and ethnic composition, stressing the marked nineteenth century gender imbalance and ongoing imbalances within ethnic marriage markets. Attention is then turned to trends in marriage timing and intensity,...Australia's fertility transition and the trends in childbearing that have followed its completion. The paper concludes with a discussion of long-run changes in mortality patterns, and some of the changes in 'typical' family life cycle experience that flow from these."
Correspondence: Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Division of Demography and Sociology, P.O. Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20569 Landry, Yves. A current bibliography on the history of Canadian population and historical demography in Canada, 1989. [Bibliographie courante sur l'histoire de la population canadienne et la demographie historique au Canada, 1989.] Histoire Sociale/Social History, Vol. 23, No. 46, Nov 1990. 363-70 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
This is the continuation of a series of bibliographies on Canadian historical demography and consists primarily of materials published in 1989. The citations, which are unannotated, are in English or French.
For a previous listing for 1988, see 56:40490.
Correspondence: Y. Landry, Universite de Montreal, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

57:20570 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. Population and nutrition: an essay on European demographic history. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 14, ISBN 0-521-36325-X. LC 89-13895. 1991. xiv, 149 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This study examines "the mechanisms of biological, social and cultural nature linking subsistence, mortality and population, and determining short- and long-term cycles in the latter." The geographical focus is on Europe. "The picture that emerges casts doubt upon the existence of any long-term interrelationship between subsistence or nutritional levels and mortality, showing that the level of the latter was determined more by the epidemiological cycles than by the nutritional level of the population. The permanent potential conflict between food supply and population growth was also mediated by the biological adaptability of the human species to nutritional stress. In the short term the synergy between famine and epidemic infections in determining recurrent mortality crises is evident, but their impact starts declining in frequency and intensity in the eighteenth century."
This is a translation from the Italian of the 1987 publication cited in 55:10575.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20571 Matossian, Mary K. Poisons of the past: molds, epidemics, and history. ISBN 0-300-03949-2. LC 89-5345. 1989. xiv, 190 pp. Yale University Press: New Haven, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
The demographic effects of the microfungi that attacked food plants in Europe up to the mid-eighteenth century are explored. The focus is on how the mycotoxins reduced fertility and increased mortality by poisoning the food supply, and more specifically on the effect of the ergot fungus that attacked bread made from rye flour, the staple diet of much of Europe north of the Alps and Pyrenees. The author concludes that ergotism contributed to many demographic phenomena, including the connection between moisture and plague mortality in the fourteenth century, higher plague mortality among the poor, and the steady growth of the English population after 1700 as compared to the erratic and more gradual growth of the French population.
Correspondence: Yale University Press, 92A Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:20572 O Grada, Cormac. Dublin's demography in the early nineteenth century: evidence from the Rotunda. Population Studies, Vol. 45, No. 1, Mar 1991. 43-54 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The records of Dublin's Rotunda Lying-in Hospital [in Ireland for the period 1810 to 1840] offer an interesting source on the city's demography before the Great Famine. Like most maternity hospitals at the time, the Rotunda catered mainly [to] the poor, but its registration books indicate that a sizeable fraction of all Dublin births took place in the Rotunda during this period. The masters' ward-books suggest high child and maternal mortality, and a low age at marriage. Inevitably, the source suffers from selection biases: early parities and troublesome births are overrepresented. Nevertheless, some interesting differences by religion, by city area, and over time may be identified."
Correspondence: C. O Grada, University College, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20573 Perez Moreda, Vicente; Reher, David-Sven. Historical demography in Spain. [Demografia historica en Espana.] Textos Universitarios, ISBN 84-86902-03-7. LC 89-154340. [1988]. 607 pp. Ediciones El Arquero: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This work, which is intended as an introduction to the study of the historical demography of Spain, consists of 24 studies by various authors and a bibliography. The introduction is a critical evaluation of historical demography in Spain. Part 1 includes five general studies that are mainly concerned with putting the demographic history of the Iberian peninsula from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century in a European perspective. Part 2 contains 18 studies on the historical demography of the regions of Spain. The bibliography of some 3,000 titles is unannotated and is organized by region. There are subject and author indexes.
Correspondence: Ediciones El Arquero, Josefa Valcarcel 27, 28027 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20574 Perez Murillo, Maria D. Demographic and social features of the island of Cuba in the first half of the nineteenth century. [Aspectos demograficos y sociales de la isla de Cuba en la primera mitad del siglo XIX.] ISBN 84-7786-966-9. LC 89-148145. [1988]. 308 pp. Universidad de Cadiz, Servicio de Publicaciones: Cadiz, Spain. In Spa.
The author traces demographic and social trends in Cuba in the first half of the nineteenth century. She first provides an overview of the island's demographic structure and a description of data sources. The second chapter is concerned with social and ethnic distinctions related to catastrophic and epidemic mortality, with a focus on the cholera epidemic of 1833. In Chapter 3, legal migration from various regions of Spain to Cuba during the period 1800-1835 is described according to sex, age, marital status, social class, and destination. Chapter 4 outlines the socio-professional structure of the free population, both white and non-white, for the whole country and for Havana. The final chapter describes the migration of slave populations from Africa to Cuba, with a focus on social, cultural, and ethnic characteristics in both rural and urban areas.
Correspondence: Universidad de Cadiz, Servicio de Publicaciones, Calle Ancha 16, 11001 Cadiz, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20575 Perrenoud, Alfred. Demographic trends. [Les comportements demographiques.] In: L'economie genevoise, de la reforme a la fin de l'Ancien Regime XVIe-XVIIIe siecles, edited by A.-M. Piuz and Georg Mottu. 1990. 83-130 pp. Societe d'Histoire et d'Archeologie de Geneve: Geneva, Switzerland. In Fre.
Trends in social mobility in the Swiss city of Geneva over the period 1625-1810 are analyzed. The data are for 3,382 marriages, which represents 12 percent of all marriages occurring during this period. The author examines changes in marriage patterns over time, age at marriage, the fertility decline, and mortality. The focus is on how these demographic changes have affected social mobility.
Correspondence: A. Perrenoud, Universite de Geneve, Faculte des Sciences Economiques et Sociales, Departement d'Histoire Economique, 3 place de l'Universite, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20576 Perrenoud, Alfred. Population. [La population.] In: L'economie genevoise, de la reforme a la fin de l'Ancien Regime XVIe-XVIIIe siecles, edited by A.-M. Piuz and Georg Mottu. 1990. 43-82 pp. Societe d'Histoire et d'Archeologie de Geneve: Geneva, Switzerland. In Fre.
The population dynamics of the Swiss city of Geneva are analyzed over the period 1550-1800 using the extensive local records available. Particular attention is given to changes in migration over time and to the importance of migration in the city's population growth or decline.
Correspondence: A. Perrenoud, Universite de Geneve, Faculte des Sciences Economiques et Sociales, Departement d'Histoire Economique, 3 place de l'Universite, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20577 Rallu, Jean-Louis. The people of Oceania in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. [Les populations oceaniennes aux XIXe et XXe siecles.] Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 128, ISBN 2-7332-0128-X. 1990. xv, 348, 22 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
Historical population trends among the peoples of Oceania during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are explored. The first part of this publication, which is concerned with the population of the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, includes sections on available data sources, natural increase, demographic characteristics, regional data, a historical summary of population trends from 1886 to 1945, migration, and genealogical analysis. The second part looks at Oceania as a whole, with special reference to the Society Islands, New Caledonia, and North Malakula. Particular attention is paid to the methodological aspects of studying the historical demography of non-European populations, such as use of oral histories, and application of such methods to other populations outside Oceania.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, Department des Revues, 14 Avenue du Bois-de-l'Epine, B.P. 90, 91003 Evry Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20578 Urdank, Albion M. The family and demographic behavior in Belgium, Germany, and Italy, 1700-1920: a review essay. Historical Methods, Vol. 24, No. 1, Winter 1991. 41-7 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author reviews three books that "explore the character of the demographic transition through microstudies of selected European populations....[One] study is devoted to demographic change in fourteen German agricultural villages in approximately the years 1750-1914....[Another] examines changes in family life and reproduction in a Belgian textile city, Verviers, during the three decades after 1850....[The third focuses] on the socio-demographic history, 1860-1920, of a single Italian village that has a mixed agricultural/industrial economy and is located on the periphery of the city of Bologna."
Correspondence: A. M. Urdank, University of California, Department of History, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

57:20579 Krishnan, P. Historical demography through literature: a preliminary report on Indian historical demography. Demography India, Vol. 17, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1988. 189-96 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
Methods of historical demography in India are discussed, with a focus on the use of literary works as sources for demographic data.
Correspondence: P. Krishnan, University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20580 Ohba, Tamotsu. Development of a simulation model for migrations and dispersals of prehistoric human populations. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, Vol. 46, No. 4, Jan 1991. 49-60 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
"A new simulation model has been constructed to estimate demographic processes of prehistoric human populations who migrated and dispersed, particularly to [uninhabited areas]....This model simultaneously treats fertility, mortality and migration, taking the carrying capacity of the land into account."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:20581 Welford, John A. Nominal record linkage: the development of computer strategies to achieve the family-based record linkage of nineteenth century demographic data. Pub. Order No. BRDX88815. 1989. 674 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Previous research in the field of historical nominal record linkage has focused on the linkage of individuals identified in parish register and other personal event records. The major contribution of this thesis is to explore a more advanced, family-based concept of record linkage, in which the unit of linkage can encompass the co-residing family, rather than merely the individual. The techniques developed are [designed] to be appropriate for nineteenth century demographic data, and specifically for household census data for the period 1851-71 and for baptism, marriage and burial records from English parish registers."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the Open University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 51(2).

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