Volume 57 - Number 1 - Spring 1991

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

57:10681 Becker, Henk A. Social consequences of demographic change. In: Emerging issues in demographic research, edited by Cornelius A. Hazeu and Gerard A. B. Frinking. 1990. 77-125 pp. Elsevier Science Publishers: New York, New York/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The impact of both present and future demographic trends on social change among generations is explored for the Netherlands. The author compares cohorts born in the time periods 1910-1930, 1930-1940, 1940-1954, and 1955-1970. A distinction is made between the impact of social consequences of change on behavior of cohorts regarding their life course, and on societal contracts under the political system of the Netherlands. Areas of comparison include education; employment, careers, and retirement; income and pension rights; value orientations; and migration. A comment is included by Kees C. P. M. Knipscheer (pp. 119-25).
Correspondence: H. A. Becker, University of Utrecht, Department of Planning, Organization and Policy Studies, Heidelberglaan 8, POB 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10682 Conrad, Christoph. The origins of modern retirement systems: Germany in an international comparison (1850-1960). [La naissance de la retraite moderne: l'Allemagne dans une comparaison internationale (1850-1960).] Population, Vol. 45, No. 3, May-Jun 1990. 531-64 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This study analyzes the slow development and the practical organization of retirement systems. It consists of three comparisons: (a) between nations (Germany, France, Great Britain, the United States), (b) between socio-occupational groups (civil servants, miners, executives, etc.) and (c) between periods (from approximately 1850 to 1960, in part up to 1985). The comparison of successive programmes, retirement age (legal and actual), pension levels, and activity rates among elderly men, has led to unexpected findings. In particular, a parallel between trends in the four countries has made it possible to put Bismarck's social policies into perspective. Furthermore, it was only after 1945 that social security systems could ensure a work-free old age for the vast majority of the population. Retirement age has always been strongly influenced by the incidence of invalidity and by conditions on the labour market."
Correspondence: C. Conrad, Freie Universitat Berlin, Altensteinstrasse 40, 1000 Berlin 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10683 de la Chevallerie, Oskar. Population structure and social security for the old: social insurance on a pay-as-you-go or fully-funded basis at various birth rates. [Bevolkerungsstruktur und Altersversorgung: Uberlegungen zum Umlage- und Kapitaldeckungsverfahren bei alternativen Geburtenzahlen.] Konjunkturpolitik, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1989. 276-87 pp. Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
A model is developed to show the impact of declining fertility on the statutory pension insurance fund of West Germany. The author suggests that the problem is not so much a question of an increase in the number of the aged drawing out of rather than contributing to the fund, but of a trend in the dependent population from the young to the elderly. He concludes that provision for old age through individual saving, on a fully-funded basis, is only possible to a limited extent, and that the necessary balancing adjustments can only be made in an overall system of social security into which the statutory pension insurance fund is fully integrated.
Correspondence: O. de la Chevallerie, Deutsches Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung, Konigin-Luise-Strasse, 1000 Berlin 33, Germany. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10684 Demetriades, Euripides I.; House, William J. The relative impact of demographic change on future social expenditure increases: an example from Cyprus. International Labour Review, Vol. 129, No. 2, 1990. 185-211 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"Taking the case of Cyprus, the authors examine the likely implications for social expenditure, under various scenarios of benefit and cost increases, of projected population changes up to the year 2020. The increased expenditure resulting solely from demographic changes could be easily absorbed if unit costs remain unchanged or rise no faster than overall productivity, but not if recent rapid increases in unit costs and in services continue."
Correspondence: E. I. Demetriades, Ministry of Finance, Department of Statistics and Research, Nicosia, Cyprus. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

57:10685 Goldani, Ana M. Women's transitions: the intersection of female life course, family and demographic transition in twentieth century Brazil. Pub. Order No. DA8920715. 1989. 305 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"How do processual inputs of cohort nuptiality, fertility, and mortality become translated into consequences, for women's life course in twentieth century Brazil? How are they related to observed family arrangements? These are the key questions which are addressed in this study through fertility and nuptiality histories of Brazilian women aged 15-54 in 1984....This study is concerned with women's life course over their own lives and through historical time and in relation to other members of their families. Comparison of the life-course patterns experienced by various birth cohorts in twentieth century Brazil show that women born in more recent decades spend more time in diverse family roles. The interaction among the demographic components in producing certain types and sizes of families is another important result. The relationship between fertility and mortality in changing family structure is demonstrated and marital disruption emerges as an important component of the decline in family size and the growing number of female headed families."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Texas at Austin.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(4).

57:10686 Hayward, Mark D.; Grady, William R.; McLaughlin, Steven D. Recent changes in mortality and labor force behavior among older Americans: consequences for nonworking life expectancy. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 43, No. 6, Nov 1988. S194-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Increment-decrement working life tables for 1972 and 1980 are used to assess the relative impact of recent changes in mortality and labor force behavior on the number of years older men and women can expect to spend out of the labor force (nonworking life expectancy). The life tables are based on data from the [U.S.] Current Population Surveys and pertain to the population aged 55 and older for the observation points. The results indicate that nonworking life expectancy increased dramatically between 1972 and 1980 for both men and women. Although labor force behavior changed markedly for both population groups during the observation period, the results clearly identify that changes in mortality were responsible for the increases in nonworking life expectancy. Implications of the findings for social policy are briefly discussed."
Correspondence: M. D. Hayward, University of Southern California, Andrus Gerontology Center, University Park MC 0191, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Medical Library, Philadelphia, PA.

57:10687 Holzer, Jerzy Z. Demographic premises of social needs variability. [Demograficzne przeslanki zmiennosci potrzeb spolecznych.] Biuletyn IGS, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1988. 63-84, 207-8, 212-3 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The implications of the changing population structure in Poland are examined, particularly as they concern social needs. The author points out that the existing age structure already defines much of social policy for the next generation. The need to develop an effective population policy to ensure population replacement is stressed. Such a policy might concentrate on improving the well-being of families with two children.
Correspondence: J. Z. Holzer, Ul. Mazowiecka 11 m 143 00-052 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10688 Kergoat, Michelle. Some aspects of secondary education in the French departments in the nineteenth century. [Quelques aspects de la scolarisation secondaire dans les departements francais au XIXe siecle.] Population, Vol. 45, No. 3, May-Jun 1990. 617-49 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This is a historical review of the growth of secondary education in France in the nineteenth century. The focus is on the geographical differences in the rate of growth of secondary education by department.
Correspondence: M. Kergoat, Universite de Rennes, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Finances Appliquees, 2 rue du Thabor, 3500 Rennes, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10689 Peng, Tai-lin. Population growth and educational development in Taiwan. Journal of Population Studies, No. 13, Aug 1990. 21-41 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the population growth rate of school-age children (ages 6-15) in Taiwan and correlates it with needs for educational services to accommodate this segment of the population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10690 Schmahl, Winfried. Demographic change and social security: some elements of a complex relationship. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1990. 159-77 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper gives an overview [of] some central aspects of the highly complex topic...[of] understanding effects of structural changes in demography and economy on social security." The impact of an aging population on health and pension schemes is discussed. Changes in retirement ages and labor force participation and the restructuring of public expenditures are explored as possible solutions to government financial problems. The geographical focus is on developed countries.
Correspondence: W. Schmahl, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research, P.O. Box 330440, D-2800 Bremen 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10691 Schmahl, Winfried. Redefining the process of retirement: an international perspective. ISBN 3-540-50826-0. 1989. 179 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
This book contains revised versions of 10 papers prepared for a conference on retirement held in West Berlin, Germany, in October 1987. The papers review retirement practices in a selection of developed countries, including West Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and the United States. Emphasis is placed on differences among countries and on their policy implications for the future.
Correspondence: Springer-Verlag, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

57:10692 Decroly, Jean-Michel. The effect of a political frontier on regional demographic trends and structures: the case of Hainaut, the south of East Flanders, and the Nord department. [L'impact d'une frontiere politique sur les comportements et les structures demographiques regionaux: le cas du Hainaut, du sud de la Flandre Occidentale et du departement du Nord.] Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 113, No. 2, 1989. 81-118 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
The impact of a political frontier on the demographic trends of the border regions concerned is examined using the example of the Franco-Belgian frontier.
Correspondence: J.-M. Decroly, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Geographie Humaine, 50 avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: New York Public Library.

57:10693 Greenhalgh, Susan. State-society links: political dimensions of population policies and programs, with special reference to China. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 18, 1990. 36 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper sketches the outlines of a broader, more socially informed way of conceptualizing the effects of the political environment on population policies and programs. A theoretical section clarifies the meaning of strong and weak societies and states and outlines some of the mechanisms by which societies leave their imprint on the population policies and programs of the state. Turning to China...the paper reassesses the strength of the state in light of recent political science research on rural sociopolitical structure. Drawing on both field research and articles in the national media, it explores the impact of Chinese society on the goals, content, implementation, and outcomes of the one-child policy and the birth control program. A conclusion suggests the need to qualify some hypotheses guiding current political demographic research and teases out some implications of the state-society approach for the 'soft-soft' states of sub-Saharan Africa."
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10694 Steinberg, Matti. The demographic dimension of the struggle with Israel--as seen by the PLO. Jerusalem Journal of International Relations, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1989. 27-51 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
This article, translated from the original Hebrew, considers the demographic aspects of the PLO-Israeli struggle. The author notes the growing awareness by the PLO that demographic trends are strengthening the Palestinian cause over time. However, those within the PLO are also aware of the possibility that such trends may influence Israel to take specific steps to defuse the population situation by such actions as the expulsion of the Arab population from the territories it controls.
Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

57:10695 Boerma, J. Ties; Sommerfelt, A. Elisabeth; Rutstein, Shea O.; Rojas, Guillermo. Immunization: levels, trends and differentials. DHS Comparative Studies, No. 1, Dec 1990. V, 43 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"Immunization is a major focus of child survival and development programs throughout the world....This report presents the results of a comparative analysis of immunization coverage (BCG, DPT, polio, and measles) in 21 developing countries: Africa (12), Asia (2), Latin America and the Caribbean (7). The analysis is based on the standard recode files which were available in 1989. Where possible, DHS data are compared with data from other national surveys and health information systems. Information on levels of tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women is also presented."
Correspondence: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10696 Chatterjee, Meera. Indian women: their health and economic productivity. World Bank Discussion Paper, No. 109, ISBN 0-8213-1699-0. LC 90-20382. 1990. x, 130 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper seeks...to document Indian women's health status; it hopes to enhance understanding of the set of constraints on women's productivity that are related to ill health....The second aim of this paper is...to collate and analyze available information on the health effects of Indian women's work, so that efforts to enhance women's productivity can be adequately informed of their potential impact on health." Information is also included on mortality differentials by sex and on marriage and fertility.
Correspondence: World Bank, Publications Department, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10697 Desouki, Mona. Mental retardation and selected demographic and socio-economic indicators: a case study of Cairo governorate. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC Annual Seminar, 1989. 1990. 477-512 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The objective of this study is to investigate the negative effect of selected demographic variables (family size, birth order, [consanguinity] and birth spacing) on child health, i.e. the possibility of having a mentally handicapped child as a result of health problems for either the mother, the foetus, or both....In addition the study aims at examining the relationship between some socio-economic variables, namely (parents' educational level, parents' occupation, family income, place of family residence and household durable assets) and mental retardation." The data are from a survey conducted in 1984 in Cairo, Egypt.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10698 John, A. Meredith; Tuljapurkar, Shripad D. Childhood infectious diseases in LDCs: immunization program design and evaluation using demographic-epidemiologic models. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 22, 1990. 35 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
"In order to more accurately capture the process of disease transmission in LDCs, we have developed a model that incorporates both the demographic and the epidemiologic structure of the population. The model contains two submodels: a demographic submodel that describes the distribution of individuals among different ages, and an epidemiologic submodel that describes the distribution of individuals at each age among epidemiologic classes. Because the model has complete demographic and epidemiologic structure, it yields more detailed, and hopefully more accurate, predictions of the mortality impact of an immunization program within a particular demographic setting than does the standard model....When demographic and epidemiologic parameters describing conditions in LDCs are employed in the model, the predictions are in close agreement with observed demographic and epidemiologic patterns in developing countries....We use a simulation version of our demographic-epidemiologic model to explore issues in immunization program policy relevant to LDCs."
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10699 Karon, John M.; Dondero, Timothy J. HIV prevalence estimates and AIDS case projections for the United States: report based upon a workshop. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 39, No. RR-16, Pub. Order No. HHS (CDC) 91-8017. Nov 30, 1990. i, 31 pp. U.S. Centers for Disease Control [CDC]: Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
"This document presents conclusions and recommendations from a workshop convened to discuss [U.S.] national estimates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence, acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) case projections, and the proportion of HIV-infected persons with laboratory evidence of immune dysfunction. Appendices describe analyses performed before and after the workshop to estimate HIV prevalence and to predict future AIDS cases, the prevalence of persons with AIDS, and deaths among persons with AIDS."
Correspondence: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402-9325. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10700 Mauritius. Central Statistical Office (Rose Hill, Mauritius). 1983 housing and population census of Mauritius: analysis report. Volume VI--health, morbidity and mortality (Island of Mauritius). LC 86-980392. Mar 1988. 93, [19] pp. Rose Hill, Mauritius. In Eng.
This is the sixth in a series of reports analyzing results from the 1983 census of Mauritius, and is concerned with health, morbidity, and mortality data. "The first part of the present report is about health facilities, personnel and supplies and of the interrelationship between some socio-economic factors and health. The second part deals with measures and patterns of morbidity while the third and last section studies levels, trends and differentials in mortality. A large part of this latter section is also devoted to in-depth analysis of cause of death statistics. Because of the paucity of tabulated census data, it has not been possible to have the mortality analysis as detailed as possible."
Correspondence: Central Statistical Office, Rose Hill, Mauritius. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10701 Ozcebe, Hilal; Enunlu, Tayfun; Bertan, Munevver. Some health indicators in Etimesgut health training and research area (Ankara, Turkey, 1967-1988). [Etimesgut saglik egitim ve arastirma bolgesinde bazi saglik olcutlerinin degerlendirilmesi (1967-1988).] Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 12, 1990. 101-13 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Tur. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine health indicators such as neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality for the period 1967-1988 at the Etimesgut health training and research area, Turkey. The purpose of the study is to evaluate health care services.
Correspondence: H. Ozcebe, Hacettepe University, Tip Fakultesi, Halk Sgaligi Anabilim Dali, Hacettepe Parki, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10702 Pollard, J. H. Morbidity and mortality: differentials and their trends. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 6, No. 3, Sep 1990. 205-25 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"To establish whether medical science has managed to ensure quality of life during the additional years of life now available in many populations requires a relatively complex interactive model of morbidity and mortality. The development of such a model has been the prime objective of this paper. For the model we describe, formulae were derived which allow a health scientist to explain the contributions, by age, of different diseases to changes in life expectancy in healthy or less than healthy states, and for a particular disease, the contribution of disease prevention, successful disease treatment (leading to recovery) and mortality prevention. Such an analysis can be very helpful for health policy purposes. Formulae were also developed for studying trends in life expectancy differentials in terms of changes in rates of disease prevention, disease treatment success and mortality prevention."
Correspondence: J. H. Pollard, Macquarie University, School of Economic and Financial Studies, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10703 Remennick, Larissa I. Induced abortion as cancer risk factor: a review of epidemiological evidence. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 44, No. 4, Dec 1990. 259-64 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author discusses studies concerning cancer risks among women who have had induced abortions. Etiological studies from countries worldwide are included.
Correspondence: L. I. Remennick, Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR, All-Union Cancer Research Centre, Kashirscoyeshosse 24, Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10704 Riley, James C. The risk of being sick: morbidity trends in four countries. Population and Development Review, Vol. 16, No. 3, Sep 1990. 403-32, 608-11 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author examines recent trends in mortality and morbidity in Japan, the United States, Great Britain, and Hungary. "In the first three countries, where death rates have declined, the proportion of people reporting health problems and restricting ordinary activities because of health has increased. In Hungary death rates have increased and the proportion of people reporting chronic illness has decreased. Some explanations for the increase in sickness rates refer to subjective changes in the evaluation of health experience that show up as a lower threshold for distinguishing health from ill health. Other explanations--prolongation of the average course of maladies, insult substitution, and the effects of mortality decline--refer to objective factors accounting for additional time spent in ill health. The article reviews arguments offered for each explanation and stresses the role of objective factors in increasing sickness time."
Correspondence: J. C. Riley, Indiana University, Population Institute for Research, Department of History, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10705 Robine, Jean M.; Ritchie, Karen. Healthy life expectancy: evaluation of global indicator of change in population health. British Medical Journal, Vol. 302, No. 6774, Feb 23, 1991. 457-60 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The usefulness of healthy life expectancy as a global indicator of changes in a population's health is evaluated based on a review of the published literature from Europe and North America. "Over the past decade the average healthy life expectancy was 60 years for men and 64 for women....At the age of 65 men could expect eight years of disability free life and women 10, with the life expectancy being respectively 14 and 19 years." The results suggest that disparities in health are greater among social groups than between sexes.
Correspondence: J. M. Robine, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Epidemiologie du Vieillissement et des Incapacites, CHRU Lapeyronie, F-34059 Montpellier, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

57:10706 World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Family Health. Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning (Geneva, Switzerland). Maternal health and safe motherhood programme: progress report, 1987-1990. Pub. Order No. WHO/MCH/90.11. [1990]. iv, 60 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"This report describes the initial phase of the World Health Organization's Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood programme which represents WHO's contribution to the global Safe Motherhood Initiative during the first three years up to June 1990. It outlines progress in the four main areas, namely research; information analysis and dissemination and advocacy; technical cooperation with countries; and human resources development. The report also includes, in each of the main areas, trends and some of the issues that might be considered in developing strategies for the next five years." The focus of the report is on how to reduce the numbers of women dying each year as a result of pregnancy and childbirth.
Correspondence: World Health Organization, Division of Family Health, Safe Motherhood Programme, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10707 Yamada, Tetsuji; Yamada, Tadashi; Chaloupka, Frank. Nutrition and infant health in Japan. Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 24, No. 4, Fall 1989. 725-36 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
In this study of the determinants of infant health in Japan, the mother's nutritional status is incorporated as an input into an infant health production function. Consideration is given to both neonatal and infant mortality.
Correspondence: T. Yamada, Rutgers University, Camden Campus, Camden, NJ. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

57:10708 Bouchard, Gerard. Images of Quebec's population and society: the learning of diversity. [Representations de la population et de la societe quebecoises: l'apprentissage de la diversite.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 1990. 7-28 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Recent studies in social sciences and human genetics have led to the conclusion that the traditional image of [a] highly homogeneous Quebec society needs to be substantially retouched. After a brief presentation of the traditional homogeneity discourse, the author discusses some significant examples of heterogeneity, and suggests some of the revisions these imply."
Correspondence: G. Bouchard, Universite du Quebec, Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherches sur les Populations, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10709 De Braekeleer, Marc. Genetic homogeneity among French Canadians of Quebec: myth or reality? [Homogeneite genetique des Canadiens francais du Quebec: mythe ou realite?] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 19, No. 1, Spring 1990. 29-48 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The genetic homogeneity of French Canadians living in Quebec is discussed. The author focuses on the increasing heterogeneity of this population and the effects of intermarriage on its diversification.
Correspondence: M. De Braekeleer, Universite du Quebec, Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherches sur les Populations, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10710 India. Ministry of Human Resource Development. Department of Culture. Anthropological Survey of India (Calcutta, India). Genetical demography of Indian population. LC 90-902327. Oct 1989. vii, 147 pp. Calcutta, India. In Eng.
This volume is a product of a seminar entitled Genetical Demography of Indian Population organized by the Anthropological Survey of India and held in Calcutta, January 16-18, 1978. "The papers have been grouped under three categories, viz., Tribal studies, Caste and Community Studies and General Perspective. Three papers included in the section on tribal studies deal with reproductive performance and fertility. The age at menarche among the Chenchu women of Andhra Pradesh, fertility among the Shyam people of Sibsagar district, and reproductive performance among the Jaintias of Assam, have been discussed. Various demographic features of the Chote of Manipur, Naik Gonds of Maharashtra and the Bhils and Garasias of Udaipur have also been reported. One paper reports on a few demographic traits in a section of the Gallong with endemic hypothyroidism."
Correspondence: Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Culture, Anthropological Survey of India, 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Calcutta 700 016, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10711 Kurbatova, O. L.; Pobedonostseva, E. Yu. Genetic demography of the Moscow population: migration, outbreeding and assortative mating. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 18, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1991. 31-46 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"Using marriage records, census data, and other statistical sources, some demographic parameters of Moscow population in 1955 and 1980 have been studied, such as age at marriage, birthplace, nationality and profession of permanent residents. Migration has been shown to be the main factor of Moscow population dynamics." The authors analyze the marriage structure of the population of Moscow in order to examine the relative genetic effect of migration and assortative mating.
Correspondence: O. K. Kurbatova, USSR Academy of Sciences, N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Gubkin St. 3, GSP-1, 117809 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10712 Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). Closed populations and demographic behavior: proceedings of the conference held at Trento, November 24-25, 1989. [Popolazioni chiuse e comportamenti demografici: atti del convegno svoltosi a Trento il 24 e 25 novembre 1989.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 11, 1990. 139 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
These are the proceedings of a conference on demographic trends in closed populations, held in Trento, Italy, in November 1989. The primary focus is on population isolates in Italy. The 20 papers included in the proceedings consist both of methodological studies and of case studies of specific populations.
Correspondence: Aurora Angeli, Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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