Volume 57 - Number 1 - Spring 1991

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

57:10037 Davies, Wayne K. D. What population turnaround? Some Canadian prairie settlement perspectives, 1971-1986. Geoforum, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1990. 303-20 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The relevance of the concept of the population turnaround to the analysis of population trends in the Canadian Prairie Provinces between 1971 and 1986 is considered. "Throughout the whole period the trend to greater spatial concentration of the population has continued despite the possibility of greater dispersal. The terms population turnaround or counter-urbanization were found to be too general to summarize the varied changes in the 1970s....In the 1980s more localized spatial trends are identified, with most places experiencing marginal growth and decline, thereby providing very different characteristics to the previous decade."
Correspondence: W. K. D. Davies, University of Calgary, Department of Geography, 2500 University Drive, N.W. Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10038 Hardt, Mark D. Relative population change in nonmetropolitan counties, 1970-1980 and 1980-1985: the turnaround and reversal. Pub. Order No. DA8917287. 1989. 343 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author analyzes nonmetropolitan population change of U.S. counties for the period 1970-1985. The focus is on trends in relative population change and growth in rural areas as compared with urban areas.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Connecticut.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(4).

57:10039 Jardim, Antonio de P. The geographic distribution of the Brazilian population and some of its socioeconomic characteristics, 1960-1980. [Distribuicao espacial da populacao brasileira e algumas caracteristicas socio-economicas entre 1960-1980.] Revista Brasileira de Estatistica, Vol. 49, No. 192, Jul-Dec 1988. 97-154 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
This paper "describes the demographic occupation of the national territory [of Brazil] between 1960 and 1980, taking into account four areas according to their population and area: totally occupied, suboccupied, partially occupied and unoccupied. For each occupied area it describes [the] main economic and demographic features and observes the population redistribution [that] occurred in Brazil during that period."
Correspondence: A. de P. Jardim, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica, Population Department, Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 166, 3 andar, 20021 Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:10040 Minerbi, Luciano. Population redistribution policies and development planning in the Pacific Basin: rationale and objectives. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1990. 80-111 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
"In this article, the general arguments about population redistribution are discussed within the context of [Pacific island nations]....A review of circular and permanent population movements in the Pacific Basin reveals the complexity of the networks of relations of multilocal people....A range of possible population policies to accommodate and correct migration problems is discussed. An analysis of the national development plans of Fiji, Kiribati, and the Solomon Islands illustrates the need for sustainable development and population redistribution policies which explicitly address: (a) nation-building with regional equity; (b) population growth control and native supremacy; and (c) population redistribution with ecological sustainability." Comments are included by A. Crosbie Walsh (pp. 102-6) and Antony J. Dolman (pp. 107-11).
Correspondence: L. Minerbi, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Porteus Hall 107H, 2424 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822.

57:10041 Serrano Martinez, Jose M. Spain. Regional differences in population density in 1986: the end of a process of increasing internal disequilibrium? [Espagne. Disparites regionales dans la densite de population en 1986: fin d'un processus d'augmentation des desequilibres internes?] Acta Geographica, No. 79, Sep 1989. 20-37 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an analysis of regional differences in population trends in Spain during the twentieth century. Data are from a variety of official sources, including the censuses of 1900, 1960, 1970, and 1981. The author notes that up until 1975, interregional migration flows had accentuated regional economic differences. However, the economic problems that have occurred since 1975, coupled with the political changes associated with greater regional autonomy, have resulted in new trends in internal migration that could have significant effects on the future distribution of the country's population.
Correspondence: J. M. Serrano Martinez, Universidad de Murcia, Avd. Teniente Flomesta s/n, Edificio Convalecencia, 30001 Murcia, Spain. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

57:10042 Agus, Mohd R. Urbanization and low-income housing in Malaysia: impact on the urban Malays. Journal of Population and Social Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2, Jan 1990. 205-21, 242-3 pp. Nakhonpathom, Thailand. In Eng. with sum. in Tha.
The focus of this study is on urbanization in Malaysia. "This paper is divided into three parts. The first part examines the trend of uneven urban development in West Malaysia. The second part discusses the change [in] ethnic composition of urban population between 1970 and 1980 intercensal period. The third part analyses the impact of the urbanization process on the Malays in the context of housing problems of the lower income groups."
Correspondence: M. R. Agus, University of Malaya, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Urban Studies Program, 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10043 Begg, Iain. Urban Europe beyond the year 2000. DAE Working Paper, No. 8917, Dec 1989. 20 pp. University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Economics: Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to review the prospects for European cities beyond the year 2000 in the light of expected social, technical and economic trends. In the [first] section, determinants of the economic functions of cities are discussed. The following section considers the main influences on change expected in the future, and assesses their likely impact on cities. The [next] part of the paper relates these prospective changes to the circumstances of cities in Western Europe and, in the concluding section, implications for policy are explored."
Correspondence: University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Economics, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10044 Bui, Dang Ha Doan. Urbanization and geographical distribution of population: proceedings of the project initiating meeting, Pusan, Korea, 29 September-3 October 1989. 1990. 306 pp. Pusan National University, Social Survey Research Center: Pusan, Korea, Republic of; Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography [CICRED]: Paris, France. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a meeting held in Pusan, Republic of Korea, to initiate a project of international cooperative research on urbanization, population distribution, and rural-urban migration. They include introductory papers by H. V. Muhsam on demographers' impact on city growth and other problems involved in forecasting city populations, and by Lee Sung Hae on the urbanization of Pusan. Country reports are presented from Bangladesh, the Caribbean, China, India, the Republic of Korea, Morocco, Mexico, the Philippines, Senegal, Turkey, Uruguay, and Viet Nam, of which two are in French and the rest in English.
Correspondence: Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10045 Cardamone, Antonio F. Urbanization in Italy. Journal of Regional Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1990. 135-45 pp. Naples, Italy. In Eng.
Current trends in urbanization in Italy are reviewed using data from official sources, including the 1971 and 1981 censuses. Attention is given to regional differences.
Correspondence: A. F. Cardamone, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Palazzo Ateneo, 70121 Bari, Italy. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10046 Clark, David. Urban decline. ISBN 0-415-03031-5. LC 88-28713. 1989. x, 161 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"This book reviews the evidence for urban decline in Britain and the developed world. It analyses the reasons for the loss of population, jobs and powers by cities and assesses the implications of the cessation of urban growth for urban planning and policy. The approach is broadly systematic in that successive chapters deal with population, economic, governmental, financial and planning aspects and consequences of decline." Particular attention is given to the reasons for the industrial decline of the city of Coventry.
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:10047 El Nour, Abdel H. B. The relationship between urbanization and socio-economic development in the Sudan. GeoJournal, Vol. 18, No. 4, Jun 1989. 369-77 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
The relationship between urbanization and socioeconomic development in the Sudan is explored, with a focus on regional differences. Data are taken from a variety of official sources. The results indicate that higher levels of urbanization are associated with increased levels of socioeconomic development.
Correspondence: A. H. B. El Nour, University of Khartoum, Department of Geography, POB 321, Khartoum, Sudan. Location: Colorado State University Libraries.

57:10048 Greenwood, Michael J.; Stock, Richard. Patterns of change in the intermetropolitan location of population, jobs, and housing: 1950 to 1980. Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 28, Sep 1990. 243-76 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
"This paper presents a discussion and estimates of a simultaneous-equations model of intrametropolitan location of population, employment, and housing. What distinguishes this work from prior research on suburbanization is that population is distinguished by income class, employment is distinguished by type, and housing is distinguished by mode (i.e., owner versus rental). The model is estimated for three distinct decades, namely, the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Moreover, rather than inferring the causal linkages between population, employment, and housing from estimates of urban density functions or from relative changes in central city and suburban population, this paper utilizes [U.S.] data on actual movers between central cities (suburbs) and suburbs (central cities), as well as on the location of metropolitan in-migrants in the central city versus the suburban ring."
Correspondence: M. J. Greenwood, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0257. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

57:10049 Hansen, Niles. Impacts of small- and intermediate-sized cities on population distribution: issues and responses. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1990. 60-79 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
The author investigates reasons why most developing countries have allowed urban population growth to be concentrated in the major cities and have failed to implement their expressed policies to encourage the growth of small- and medium-sized cities. A comment by Peter M. Townroe is included (pp. 77-9).
Correspondence: N. Hansen, University of Texas, College of Liberal Arts, Department of Economics, Austin, TX 78712-1173. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10050 Huda, Manirul. Urbanisation in India (a study of Sibsagar--Assam). ISBN 81-7099-209-5. LC 90-903625. 1990. xxiii, 233 pp. Mittal Publications: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a case study of urbanization in India, using the example of Sibsagar, a town in Assam. Data are from sample surveys covering various aspects of the socioeconomic structure of the town.
Correspondence: Mittal Publications, A-1/8 Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110 059, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10051 Institute of Developing Economies. Statistical Research Department (Tokyo, Japan). Distribution of cities by population size in developing countries. IDE Statistical Data Series, No. 52, LC 90-112220. Mar 1989. ix, 153 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng; Jpn.
This study analyzes the distribution of population among the cities of the developing world, with a focus on differences in urbanization patterns among countries. Chapters are included on the concentration of population in the largest cities, the relationship between city population size and rank in developing countries, and definitions of urban areas. Extensive statistical data on the urban populations of developing countries are included.
Correspondence: Institute of Developing Economies, Statistical Research Department, 42 Ichigaya-Homura-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10052 Keogh, Brian G. A ranking of the one hundred most populous cities of the United States, 1910-1980. ISBN 0-9625072-0-2. LC 90-156463. 1989. vii, 91 pp. Brian G. Keogh: Hempstead, New York. In Eng.
"The purpose of this book is to show [the rapid growth in U.S. urban population] by ranking the one hundred most populous cities from data collected in the decennial censuses between 1910 and 1980."
Correspondence: Brian G. Keogh Publisher, Post Office Box 0334, Baldwin, NY 11510. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10053 Kuroda, Toshio. Urbanization and population distribution policies in Japan. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1990. 112-29 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
The author describes the rapid process of urbanization experienced by Japan since the end of World War II, noting that the percentage of the population living in urban areas increased from 33.1 in 1948 to 72.1 in 1970. He then discusses the social, economic, and political implications of securing a balanced spatial distribution of population.
Correspondence: T. Kuroda, Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10054 Makannah, Toma J. The components of urban population growth in Ghana and Sierra Leone. African Urban Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, Aug-Nov 1988. 231-6 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
"This study derives estimates of the components of urban growth for Ghana and Sierra Leone for the intercensal periods 1960s and 1970s. Both countries have experienced rapid rates of growth of their urban populations. The results done on the estimates indicate that for Ghana, natural increase was the major component while for Sierra Leone it was mainly net migration. In light of this conclusion, measures relating to both natural increase and rural-to-urban migration ought to be considered in any comprehensive policy aimed at solution of the problem of urban growth in both countries."
Correspondence: T. J. Makannah, U.N. Economic Commission for Africa, Population Division, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10055 Morrison, Andrew R. Migration, urbanization and regional policy in Peru: an economic analysis. Pub. Order No. DA8919709. 1989. 251 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation examines several key issues in [Peru's] economic development. The primary foci are the causes of urbanization, the desirability of continued urban growth, and policies designed to influence the spatial distribution of population." Consideration is also given to the costs and benefits of migration to Lima, Peru.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Vanderbilt University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 50(4).

57:10056 Panadero Moya, Miguel. Urbanization and territorial development in Latin America in the context of the crisis of the 1980s. [Urbanizacion y desarrollo territorial en America Latina en el contexto de la crisis de los 80s.] Revista Interamericana de Planificacion, Vol. 22, No. 87-88, Jul-Dec 1989. 30-42 pp. Guatemala City, Guatemala. In Spa.
The study summarizes trends in urbanization in Latin America and the Caribbean over the course of the 1980s using data from published sources.
Correspondence: M. Panadero Moya, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10057 Rukanuddin, Abdul R. Population distribution, migration, urbanization, and squatter settlement programmes in Pakistan. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1990. 192-206 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
"This article examines problems related to population growth and distribution, rapid urbanization, housing problems, and squatter settlements in Pakistan. It also considers policy implications of rapid urbanization and squatter settlement growth in Pakistan."
Correspondence: A. R. Rukanuddin, National Institute of Population Studies, P.O. Box 2197, Islamabad, Pakistan. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10058 Schinz, Alfred. Cities in China. Urbanization of the Earth/Urbanisierung der Erde, No. 7, ISBN 3-443-37009-8. LC 89-205960. 1989. viii, 492 pp. Gebruder Borntraeger: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
This is a general review of current urbanization trends in China from the viewpoint of an urban geographer. It is designed to help those wishing to study the urban development process in China.
Correspondence: Gebruder Borntraeger, Johannesstrasse 3 A, 7000 Stuttgart 1, Germany. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10059 Simkins, C. E. W. The structural and economic implications of urbanization. Development Southern Africa, Vol. 5, No. 4, Nov 1988. 406-19 pp. Halfway House, South Africa. In Eng.
"This study surveys the policy issues associated with urbanization following the abolition of the pass laws [in South Africa]. The demographic background is briefly sketched. Using neo-classical analysis as a starting point, particular attention is paid to the present inefficiencies of city form associated with segregation. It is argued that current planning procedures are in danger of perpetuating or even worsening the situation. Obstacles to employment generation are considered and transport, local government and housing issues are discussed. On every front, urbanization policy is unstable and, even in the short term, there will be pressures to change it."
Correspondence: C. E. W. Simkins, 12 Boxer Street, Kensington, 2094 Johannesburg, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10060 Straussfogel, Debra. Modeling suburbanization as an evolutionary system dynamic. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 23, No. 1, Jan 1991. 1-24 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
The author assesses the applicability of a model of urban system evolution to the study of suburbanization in the United States in the period following World War II. "The central question of the research was whether the processes of deconcentration of population and dispersal of employment from the central cities to the suburbs of large U.S. metropolises, with the resulting morphological shifts from mono- to polycentric urban forms, represent structural changes of the sort defined and modeled by Allen and Sanglier's adaptation of Prigogine's theory."
Correspondence: D. Straussfogel, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Geography, University Park, PA 16802. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

57:10061 Suh, Seoung Hwan. The long run effect of green belt amenities upon the population growth: the case of almost linear demand function. International Economic Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, Summer 1987. 71-8 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to suggest that, in evaluating the relevance of sustaining the green belt, we must pay more attention to the fact that the green belt amenities can accelerate rather than decelerate the population growth of a city. For this, this paper analyzes the case where there exist green belt amenities and the demand for land function is almost linear. In this case, it can be shown that the green belt is ineffective in restricting the population growth in the long run."
Correspondence: S. H. Suh, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Sudaemoon-gu, Seoul 120, Republic of Korea. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

57:10062 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Population growth and policies in mega-cities: Cairo. Population Policy Paper, No. 34; ST/ESA/SER.R/103, 1990. vi, 29 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series on population policies and planning issues in the mega-cities of the developing world. The object of the series is to examine the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of population policies of mega-cities in the context of the relationship between population and development. The present study concerns the Egyptian capital city, Cairo. A chapter is included on basic information about demographic trends and the use of these data for planning purposes.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

57:10063 Xu, Xue-qiang; Li, Si-ming. China's open door policy and urbanization in the Pearl River Delta region. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, Mar 1990. 49-69 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The demographic impact of the economic development that has occurred in the Pearl River Delta Region of China, a region strongly influenced by Hong Kong and Macau, is analyzed. The authors note that more liberal policies with regard to migration have evolved in association with this economic development, resulting in a marked increase in rural-urban migration. "However, in contrast to the usual pattern found in most third world countries, accelerated urbanization in the Pearl River Delta Region in recent years has not been associated with increasing primacy. Nor has 'overurbanization'--in the sense that massive rural to urban migration is not accompanied by rapid industrialization--been apparent. Instead, there is a discernable trend toward a rank-size urban hierarchy. Also industrial development in the small and intermediate urban places has been gathering pace. In many respects the Chinese experience is an anomaly and does not readily fit the conventional models of regional development."
Correspondence: X.-q. Xu, Zhongshan University, Department of Geography, Guangzhou, China. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

57:10064 Beale, Calvin L.; Morrison, Peter A. A taste of the country: a collection of Calvin Beale's writings. A Rand Corporation Book, ISBN 0-271-00631-5. LC 87-43183. 1990. vii, 249 pp. Pennsylvania State University Press: University Park, Pennsylvania/London, England. In Eng.
This is a selection of the writings of Calvin L. Beale, edited by Peter A. Morrison, on the United States. It includes both published and previously unpublished materials and is concerned with a variety of social and economic changes, as well as with demographic change.
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University Press, 215 Wagner Building, University Park, PA 16802. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

57:10065 Eberhardt, Piotr. Depopulating regions in Poland. [Regiony wyludniajace sie w Polsce.] Prace Geograficzne, No. 148, ISBN 83-04-02661-9. LC 89-215977. 1989. 141 pp. Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich: Wroclaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This study is concerned with the depopulation occurring in rural areas of Poland. The focus is on the period since the end of World War II. The author notes that rural-urban migration is the primary cause of such depopulation, which affects most of the rural areas of the country at various levels of intensity. The demographic impact of the selective native of out-migration on the population remaining in rural areas is analyzed.
Correspondence: Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Rynek 9, 50-106 Warsaw, Poland. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

57:10066 Morch, Henning. Two types of Danish rural population change based on natural resources--a long-term perspective (1769-1981). Geografisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 88, 1988. 13-20 pp. Copenhagen, Denmark. In Eng.
"The development of the rural population in Denmark during the last 200 years is examined. Two main types of development are revealed. The types are to be attributed to differences in the basis and utilization of resources, and of industrialization and urbanization."
Correspondence: H. Morch, University of Copenhagen, Institute of Geography, Oster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark. Location: Columbia University Library, New York, NY.

57:10067 Rudel, Thomas K.; Richards, Samuel. Urbanization, roads, and rural population change in the Ecuadorian Andes. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 25, No. 3, Fall 1990. 73-89 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
"Like many developing countries Ecuador has experienced extensive urbanization in the past twenty-five years as well as a shift in the pattern of rural population change between the 1960s and 1970s. Rural places with difficult access to cities (without roads and located far from cities) gained population during the 1960s but lost population during the 1970s. Rural places with easy access to cities (i.e., located near cities or on all-weather roads) continued to gain population during the 1970s. The explanation for the differential ability of rural places to retain their population during the 1970s focuses on increases in labor circulation by peasants and growth in the numbers of small, urban-oriented manufacturing and agricultural enterprises in accessible rural areas. The article concludes with a discussion on the implications of these findings for policies to reduce rates of rural-urban migration."
Correspondence: T. K. Rudel, Rutgers University, Cook College, Department of Human Ecology, P.O. Box 231, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

Copyright © 1991-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.