Cornelius A.; Frinking, Gerard A. B. Emerging issues in
demographic research. ISBN 0-444-88763-6. LC 90-3747. 1990. ii,
314 pp. Elsevier Science Publishers: New York, New York/Amsterdam,
Netherlands. In Eng.
"Far-reaching changes are emerging in the industrialized world. Changes which include an aging population, a decrease in the numbers of young people and changes in the composition of households. To understand the background and social consequences of these changes an interdisciplinary study of population issues is necessary. This book contains a comprehensive presentation and discussion of relevant issues in demographic research, as reported by an international group of experts during a two-day workshop [held in the Netherlands in September 1989]." The studies focus on the Netherlands but have application to other developed countries.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Elsevier Science Publishers, Sara Burgerhartstraat 25, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nathan; Flieger, Wilhelm. World population growth and
aging: demographic trends in the late twentieth century. ISBN
0-226-43237-8. LC 90-11015. 1990. viii, 608 pp. University of Chicago
Press: Chicago, Illinois/London, England. In Eng.
This book presents a selection of data from official sources intended to illustrate population trends in the regions and countries of the world. The data, which include estimates for the period 1950-1985 and projections up to the year 2020, are provided for regions and separately for each of 152 countries with populations over 300,000. They include estimates of total population; density; dependency ratios; vital rates by sex; infant mortality and life expectancy by sex; general fertility, total fertility, and gross reproduction rates; net maternity function; urban population; and age distribution.
Correspondence: University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Eric. Population: the human race. ISBN
1-85219-032-9. 1990. 141 pp. Bishopsgate Press: London, England. In
This is a general introduction to global population issues designed for the lay person. It contains four substantive chapters on the multiplication of numbers, planning for people, challenges for our time, and a plan of action.
Correspondence: Bishopsgate Press, 37 Union Street, London SE1 1SE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Samuel H. World population: approaching the year
2000. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social
Science, Vol. 510, ISBN 0-8039-3598-6. LC 89-60870. Jul 1990. 221 pp.
Sage Publications: Newbury Park, California/London, England. In Eng.
"This volume is designed to introduce to a broad audience some of the best contemporary research on population issues in the world's major regions." The 11 papers included consist of review-type articles as well as the presentation of new information and analyses of specific topics. Aspects considered include population policy, family planning programs, mortality, and international migration, as well as studies concerning China, Bangladesh, East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, the United States, and the USSR.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Sage Publications, 2111 West Hillcrest Drive, Newbury Park, CA 91320. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Jacques. The world population. [La population
mondiale.] La Collection Reperes, No. 45, ISBN 2-7071-1621-1. 1989. 128
pp. Editions La Decouverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a revised edition of a general introduction to global population issues. It contains chapters on the current demographic situation, the factors behind current trends, the historical background to the present situation, future prospects, and the relationship between population and development.
For the previous edition, published in 1986, see 52:40005.
Correspondence: Editions La Decouverte, 1 place Paul Painleve, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Martin. Sex, population and politics. ISBN
84-404-7822-4. 1990. 96 pp. Editorial Fundamentos: Madrid, Spain. In
This work consists of three short summaries of books previously published by the author in Spanish on topics related to sex and population. The summaries concern the sociology of sexuality and population, sex and religion in history, and world population inflation. A manifesto on birth control and revolution is also included.
Correspondence: Editorial Fundamentos, Caracas 15, 28010 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Samuel. Diminishing returns and Malthus's first essay on
population: theory and application. Economies et Societes, Vol.
23, No. 6, Jun 1989. 11-39 pp. Grenoble, France. In Eng. with sum. in
"This paper argues that Malthus's famous geometrical and arithmetical ratios do not necessarily imply diminishing returns. That average product would not necessarily fall with increased population density is immaterial to the polemical purpose of the Essay on Population which is satisfied by demonstrating the necessity for a reduction of the population growth below its maximum potential. But I do not deny the presence of the diminishing returns principle in the first Essay. Indeed, here is found the origin of Malthus's later land-scarcity based growth model involving a declining path of real wages in consequence of a decelerating rate of growth of labour demand." The author also considers Malthus's analysis of the situation in Britain in 1798.
Correspondence: S. Hollander, University of Toronto, Department of Economics, 150 Saint-George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
57:10008 Hammel, E.
A. A theory of culture for demography. Population and
Development Review, Vol. 16, No. 3, Sep 1990. 455-85, 609, 611 pp. New
York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"In this essay I attempt to sketch out the various senses in which the concept of culture has been and can be understood in anthropology and discuss its utility for the study of demographic behavior. My categorization is not the standard one of 'schools of thought,' but relies on the logical functions of the concept of culture as a tool in thinking about behavior. I seek to justify and rationalize some of the approaches to culture taken by demographers, approaches that I see as important...but...often theoretically insufficient or insensitive to recent developments in anthropological theories of culture....Much of my intent is to reduce the apparently antithetical stance of cultural explanation with respect to rational maximization models. I then offer some suggestions on how a cultural approach to demography, or indeed to social analysis in general, might be pursued, both in theoretical and practical terms."
Correspondence: E. A. Hammel, University of California, Program in Population Research, Graduate Group in Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jacques J. Towards the construction of interdisciplinary
theoretical models to explain demographic behaviour. In: Emerging
issues in demographic research, edited by Cornelius A. Hazeu and Gerard
A. B. Frinking. 1990. 181-217 pp. Elsevier Science Publishers: New
York, New York/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The construction of interdisciplinary theoretical models to explain demographic behavior is discussed. "I will first give you a concise evaluation of the economic theory of fertility....One of the three conclusions based on my evaluation will be that the economic approach should be extended with relevant factors which do not belong to the field of traditional economics. I will then outline a general theoretical framework, the rational-choice framework, from which interdisciplinary theoretical models can be derived to explain demographic behaviour. Next, I will put forward some proposals for further research in which the theoretical approach propagated can be applied to explain a number of demographic phenomena which seem to deserve priority from a societal point of view." Comments are included by John F. Ermisch (p. 197) and Siegwart M. Lindenberg (pp. 199-217).
Correspondence: J. J. Siegers, University of Utrecht, Economic Institute, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Labour Market and Distribution Issues, Heidelberglaan 8, POB 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Huw. Population geography. 2nd ed. ISBN
1-85396-071-3. 1990. x, 321 pp. Paul Chapman: London, England. In Eng.
The second edition of this undergraduate textbook has been completely rewritten and extended, with increased emphasis on population dynamics. "It concentrates on evolving patterns of fertility, mortality and migration, the spatial and temporal processes that fashion them, and the resultant problems and remedial policies. A major theme is the spatial expression of cause-and-effect links between demographic change and the socio-economic transformation of societies. A particular strength is the very wide range of case studies drawn from all parts of the developed and less developed world."
For the first edition, published in 1981, see 49:10018.
Correspondence: Paul Chapman Publishing, 144 Liverpool Road, London N1 1LA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).