Volume 56 - Number 4 - Winter 1990

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

56:40487 Bonfield, Lloyd. Was there a "third age" in the preindustrial English past? Some evidence from the law. In: An aging world: dilemmas and challenges for law and social policy, edited by John M. Eekelaar and David Pearl. 1989. 37-53 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England; Nihon Kajo Publishing: Japan. In Eng.
The author "seeks to elaborate...upon the elderly as a social, economic, and most of all, a legal group in the pre-industrial English past....Three issues regarding the elderly in the pre-industrial past will be explored here: first, were the elderly at law considered to be a group in the pre-industrial English past; second, were the elderly more at risk of poverty than their younger neighbours; and finally was the poor law calculated to address their needs?"
Correspondence: L. Bonfield, Tulane University, Law School, New Orleans, LA 70118. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40488 Eiras Roel, Antonio. Autoregulated mechanisms, demographic evolution, and intraregional diversification. The example of the population of Galicia at the end of the eighteenth century. [Mecanismos autorreguladores, evolucion demografica y diversificacion intrarregional. El ejemplo de la poblacion de Galicia a finales del siglo XVIII.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1990. 51-72 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author examines characteristics of the population of Galicia, Spain, at the end of the eighteenth century. Data from the 1787 census are analyzed concerning age and sex distribution, births, fertility, mortality by age, longevity, expectation of life, nuptiality, emigration, family size, and population growth using six different demographic models to illustrate regional differences in population trends.
Correspondence: A. Eiras Roel, 2 Avenida de las Ciencias, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, La Coruna, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40489 Katus, Kalev. Demographic trends in Estonia throughout the centuries. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 28, 1990. 50-66 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
"This article is a short review of the Estonian demographic history starting the 1200s. The data during the first centuries concern only the size of the population....The author aims...to describe the post-war demographic development in which the migration, especially the in-migration from other Soviet regions, but also the out-migration of Estonians for various reasons, had a great impact. The different demographic behavior of the immigrants and the Estonians and its effect on fertility and mortality [are] discussed."
Correspondence: K. Katus, Sopruse 219-51, 200034 Tallinn, Estonian SSR, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40490 Landry, Yves. A current bibliography on the history of Canadian population and historical demography in Canada. [Bibliograpie courante sur l'histoire de la population canadienne et la demographie historique au Canada, 1988.] Histoire Sociale/Social History, Vol. 22, No. 44, Nov 1989. 349-55 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
This the twelfth in an annual series of bibliographies on Canadian historical demography. It primarily concerns material published in 1988. The citations are unannotated and are in English or French.
Correspondence: Y. Landry, Universite de Montreal, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:40491 Nadal i Oller, Jordi. The great mortality crises of 1793-1812: long-term effects in the Catalan population. [Les grandes crisis de mortalidad de los anos 1793-1812: los efectos a largo plazo en la poblacion catalana.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1990. 37-49 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author investigates reasons for the low numbers of the Catalan population aged 16-25 in the early nineteenth century in Spain. Hypotheses considered include mass emigration of youth in that age group; extraordinarily high mortality during the period of the Napoleonic wars; immigration of persons aged over 25; and a decline in births during the period 1832-1841.
Correspondence: J. Nadal i Oller, Norte 49, Casa 58, Espluges de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40492 Rabell, Cecilia. Historical demography in Latin America: the Ouro Preto congress. [Demografia historica en America Latina: el congreso de Ouro Preto.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 7-30 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a report on a congress concerning the history of population in Latin America, which took place in Ouro Preto, Brazil, in 1989. Presentations made at the five sessions are summarized. Session topics dealt with the spatial distribution of historical populations in Latin America; components of demographic growth; comparative perspectives on nuptiality, household formation, and fertility; demographic characteristics of slave populations in Latin America; and population and economy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40493 Roehner, Bertrand-Marie. Relations between price fluctuations and demographic trends in France during the nineteenth century. [Correlations entre fluctuations de prix et fluctuations demographiques. France, XIXe siecle.] Population, Vol. 45, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1990. 299-326 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
A quantitative analysis of the relationship between the rising price of cereals and demographic indicators such as conceptions, marriages, and deaths is presented for France for the period 1806-1913. The results indicate that although the period was only marginally affected by significant food crises, the correlation between the price of wheat and the number of marriages and births remained high at the beginning of this period but became insignificant by the end. In contrast, the correlation between prices and numbers of deaths was very low, even at the beginning of the century. Significant regional variations and fluctuations over time are noted.
Correspondence: B.-M. Roehner, Universite de Paris VII, LPTHE 84-49, CNRS UA 280, 2 place Jussieu, 75221 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40494 Sicard, Roland. The parishes and communes of France. A dictionary of administrative and demographic history: Vaucluse. [Paroisses et communes de France. Dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et demographique: Vaucluse.] ISBN 2-222-03970-3. 1987. 263 pp. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique [CNRS]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of works presenting information on the administrative and demographic history of the departments of France. The present volume, which covers the department of Vaucluse in southern France, analyzes data for the period since the French Revolution of 1789.
Correspondence: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 15 quai Anatole France, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

56:40495 Thomson, David. The elderly in an urban-industrial society: England, 1750 to the present. In: An aging world: dilemmas and challenges for law and social policy, edited by John M. Eekelaar and David Pearl. 1989. 55-60 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England; Nihon Kajo Publishing: Japan. In Eng.
Laws concerning the social welfare of the aged in England from 1750 to the present are reviewed. Social policy and the economic conditions of the elderly as well as possible future trends are discussed.
Correspondence: D. Thomson, Massey University, PO Palmerston North, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40496 Vidal, Jose J. Palma in 1787: demographic and socio-professional structure according to the census of Floridablanca. [Palma en 1787: estructura demografica y socioprofesional segun el censo de Floridablanca.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1990. 31-53 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author analyzes the demographic and socio-professional structure of the population of Palma, the capital of Majorca, Spain, in the eighteenth century, based on the 1787 census. The quality of the census data is first assessed. The population is then characterized with respect to age, sex, and marital status and by socio-professional class.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40497 Wall, Richard; Winter, Jay. The upheaval of war: family, work and welfare in Europe, 1914-1918. ISBN 0-521-32345-2. LC 88-10229. 1988. vii, 497 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of 16 papers by various authors on the impact of World War I on European social history. It is the product of a conference held in Cambridge, England, in 1983. The first two chapters introduce demographic data and consider the consequences of wartime mobilization for the material conditions of the people, particularly for families. The six chapters in Part 2 further examine the effects of war on conditions of life and standards of living. Part 3 presents three papers on women and work. Part 4 contains five papers on social policy and family ideology, including pronatalist policies in the countries concerned.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

56:40498 Worsnop, Judith. A reevaluation of "the problem of surplus women" in 19th-century England: the case of the 1851 census. Women's Studies International Forum, Vol. 13, No. 1-2, 1990. 21-31 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"A debate concerning the 'surplus women' problem identified by the 1851 Census [of the United Kingdom] took place, between women and men, between radicals and conservatives. Both the debate, and the actuality, of surplus women was influential for feminism and the women's suffrage movement. This paper examines this debate through the 1850s and 1860s published voices of both sides."
Correspondence: J. Worsnop, Bradford and Ilkley Community College, Ilkley, West Yorkshire, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

56:40499 Balthasar, A. A case study concerning generalized inverse projection and urban history: some basic patterns in the long-term population development of Lucerne, Switzerland, 1700 to 1930. Historical Methods, Vol. 23, No. 3, Summer 1990. 92-103 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Generalized inverse projection is able to produce estimates of the population sizes, age distributions, and vital rates derived from vital-event series of births and deaths and a terminal age distribution. This paper discusses some of the results obtained from the application of this method to the population of the town of Lucerne, Switzerland, from 1700 to 1930. It might also contribute to the discussion of the role that generalized inverse projection could play in the study of urban population development."
Correspondence: A. Balthasar, University of Bern, Department of History, Hochschulstrasse 4, 3012 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40500 Fetter, Bruce. Demography from scanty evidence: Central Africa in the colonial era. ISBN 1-55587-199-2. LC 90-33585. 1990. xiii, 365 pp. Lynne Rienner: Boulder, Colorado/London, England. In Eng.
This book is a product of the Conference on the Analysis of Census Data from Colonial Africa, held at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, August 18-22, 1986. "In essence a manual for reconstructing the demographic past of Central Africa, this is the first concerted attempt to recover the pre-1960 demography of an African region on the basis of colonial statistics. The authors begin by exploring the unexpectd strengths, as well as the shortcomings, of extant records. They proceed to discuss how various social science disciplines can contribute to our understanding of Central Africa's recent demographic past. Finally, they examine case studies that synthesize a broad variety of approaches. The book can serve as a handbook not just for Africa, but for any part of the world where numbers are available, but not entirely reliable."
Correspondence: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1800 30th Street, Boulder, CO 80301. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40501 Gutmann, Myron P.; Fliess, Kenneth H. How to study southern demography in the nineteenth century: the early lessons of the Texas demography project. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 11: 1989, No. 11.11, 1990. 14, [4] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The authors describe both the methods of study of U.S. nineteenth-century regional demography and the ways in which census, tax assessment, and vital registration data can be used for historical studies. They examine fertility differentials by religious group in a Texas county for the period 1845-1910.
Correspondence: University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center, Main 1800, Austin, TX 78712. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40502 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. Macro versus micro. In: Convergent issues in genetics and demography, edited by Julian Adams, David A. Lam, Albert I. Hermalin, and Peter E. Smouse. 1990. 15-25 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author discusses the importance of integrating the micro approach, or family reconstitution, with the macro approach, which includes aggregate demographic analysis, to study historical demography. An example of this method is applied to the study of fertility changes experienced by the founders of Quebec, Canada.
Correspondence: M. Livi-Bacci, Universita de Firenze, Dipartimento Statistico, 18 Via Baldesi, 50131 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:40503 Ventura, Pietro. A fiscal source for the study of the Neapolitan population in the modern era: the certificates of Neapolitan citizenship and immigration. [Una fonte fiscale per lo studio della popolazione napoletana in eta moderna: le patenti di cittadinanza napoletana e l'immigrazione.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 10, 1990. 80-90 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
Existing sources of historical data for the Kingdom of Naples in southern Italy are evaluated. The focus is on the Acta Civilitatis, which includes documents concerning in-migrants to the city of Naples seeking resident permits. The period considered is from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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