Volume 56 - Number 2 - Summer 1990

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

56:20478 Boomgaard, Peter. Children of the colonial state: population growth and economic development in Java, 1795-1880. ISBN 90-6256-783-5. 1989. x, 247 pp. Free University Press: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the population growth of the main Indonesian island of Java during the nineteenth century and with the island's social and economic history during that period. The first two parts deal with the colonial state, its economic policy, and social and economic structures. The third part is concerned with demography and examines trends in marriage and divorce, household composition and size, and patterns of sexual behavior. It also considers the components and causes of population growth, including mortality and fertility, as well as regional variations.
Correspondence: Free University Press, VU Boekhandel/Uitgeverij b.v., De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, HI. Source: East-West Population Institute, Acquisitions List, May-Jun 1989.

56:20479 Corsini, Carlo A. Life, death, and miracles of the common people. Notes for a history of the population of Tuscany from the fourteenth to the twentieth century. [Vita, morte e miracoli di gente comune. Appunti per una storia della popolazione della Toscana fra XIV e XX secolo.] LC 88-152749. [1988]. 149 pp. La Casa Usher: Florence, Italy. In Ita.
This is a selection of nine articles on the demographic history of the region of Tuscany, Italy, from the fourteenth to the twentieth century. Topics covered include changes in territorial organization over time, medieval demography through architectural and urban evidence, environment and population at the end of the Middle Ages, the transition from epidemic to controlled mortality, trends in infant mortality, migration and resettlement, Livorno from 1427 to 1750, and marriage and the family.
Correspondence: La Casa Usher, 89 Borgo Pinti, 50121 Florence, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

56:20480 Floud, Roderick. Medicine and the decline in mortality: indicators of nutritional status. [La medecine et le declin de la mortalite: indicateurs de l'etat nutritionnel.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1989. 125-37 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper surveys ten years of research by historians, demographers and economists into the use of indicators of nutritional status in the description of the past....[Such studies] have shown periods of rising and falling height in the past, with a particularly interesting fall in average heights in Britain and the United States in the middle of the nineteenth century. The paper surveys the major findings of this research and discusses some drawbacks of the method and some problems of interpretation. It concludes that the use of data on human heights can help to illuminate the causes of the European mortality decline."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20481 Gasco, Janine. An overview of the demographic and economic history of colonial Soconusco. [Una vision de conjunto de la historia demografica y economica del Soconusco colonial.] Mesoamerica, Vol. 10, No. 18, Dec 1989. 371-99 pp. South Woodstock, Vermont/Antigua, Guatemala. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the demographic impact of the Spanish conquest of Latin America, using the example of the colonial province of Soconusco in southern Mexico. The results show that severe native population losses and a decline in cacao production, the region's main economic activity, followed the arrival of the Spaniards. The eventual recovery of the population in the late eighteenth century and the development of cacao production in a colonial context are described.
Correspondence: J. Gasco, University of Minnesota, Department of Anthropology, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20482 Grozdanova, Elena. Bulgarian nationality in the seventeenth century: a demographic study. [Balgarskata narodnost prez XVII vek: demografsko izsledvane.] 1989. 725 pp. Izdatelstvo Nauka i Izkustvo: Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng.
Issues concerning the status and development of the Bulgarian population during the period of Ottoman rule are examined, with the focus on the eighteenth century. The primary data sources are the Ottoman tax rolls, Catholic church records, and contemporary foreign visitors. Fluctuations in the Bulgarian population are associated not only with demographic crises due to wars, epidemics, and other disasters, but also with conversions to Islam among the Bulgarian ethnic population.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

56:20483 Komlos, John. Height and social status in eighteenth-century Germany. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 20, No. 4, Spring 1990. 607-21 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
Using human stature as a proxy for well-being, the author analyzes changes in the standard of living by class in eighteenth-century Germany. The data concern boys attending the Carlschule in Stuttgart between 1771 and 1793. The results show a strong relationship between height and socioeconomic status and provide additional support for the hypothesis that the nutritional status of the lower classes declined during the early stages of the industrial revolution.
Correspondence: J. Komlos, University of Pittsburgh, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of History, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260-0001. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:20484 Larquie, Claude; Vincent, Bernard. The Spanish population in the seventeenth century. [La population espagnole au XVIIe siecle.] Bulletin de la Societe d'Histoire Moderne, Seizieme Serie, Vol. 88, No. 41, 1989. 6-21 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent studies concerning population trends in Spain during the seventeenth century are reviewed. Sections are included on population characteristics, changes in vital rates, and the evidence for a population decline. A summary of the debate that followed a presentation of the paper is included (pp. 18-21).
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:20485 Polyakov, Yu. A. Historical demography: problems, opinions, tasks. [Istoricheskaya demografiya: problemy, suzhdeniya, zadachi.] ISBN 5-02-008460-3. 1989. 288 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a selection of articles by a variety of Soviet historians, demographers, and ethnographers on controversial issues in historical demography. The 14 papers are divided into three sections, which concern general issues in historical demography, issues specific to the Soviet Union, and issues concerning other regions of the world.
Correspondence: Nauka, 90 ul. Profsojuznaja, 117495 Moscow, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

56:20486 Cornell, L. L. Analyzing the consequences of family structure with event-history methods. Historical Methods, Vol. 23, No. 2, Spring 1990. 53-61 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Problems associated with the application of statistical methods and model building to the analysis of historical demographic data are examined, with particular reference to data from population registers. "The object of this paper is to present a set of statistical models--generally termed event-history or proportional-hazards models--that not only deal effectively with the kind of data that the population registers make available, but for which the population registers are one of the best existing data sets." The models are tested using data from Japanese population registers.
Correspondence: L. L. Cornell, Indiana University, Department of Sociology, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20487 Dupaquier, Jacques. Problems of representativeness in the 3,000 families survey. [Problemes de representativite dans l'enquete des 3,000 familles.] Histoire et Mesure, Vol. 4, No. 1-2, 1989. 59-61 pp. Montrouge, France. In Fre.
The author discusses problems concerning the selection of a representative sample of families for the historical survey of 3,000 French families being undertaken by the Laboratoire de Demographie Historique.
Correspondence: J. Dupaquier, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Laboratoire de Demographie Historique, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:20488 Sa, Isabel dos G. Foundlings, population history, and information. [Expostos, historia das populacoes e informatica.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1989. 55-64 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Por.
The author critically examines research on abandoned children in Portugal during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Sources of data and methods of analysis are described and evaluated, and the possibility of using automatic data processing in such investigations is considered.
Correspondence: I. dos G. Sa, Largo da Igreja de Paranhos 32, 4200 Porto, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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