Volume 56 - Number 1 - Spring 1990

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

56:10508 Cordell, Dennis D.; Gregory, Joel W. Earlier African historical demographies. Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Etudes Africaines, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1989. 5-27 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
This article is an attempt to synthesize the papers contributed to the Second International Congress of the Society for Historical Demography and a workshop on African historical demography held in Paris, France, in June 1987. The main themes being pursued by researchers in African historical demography are identified, sources of data are described, and some methods of data analysis are outlined.
Correspondence: D. D. Cordell, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:10509 Cordell, Dennis D.; Ouaidou, Nassour G. The demographic history of colonial Africa: an example of the data and some critical comments. [La demographie historique de l'Afrique coloniale: exemple de donnees et elements de critique.] Working Paper du CERPOD, No. 3, Nov 1989. 29 pp. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur la Population pour le Developpement [CERPOD]: Bamako, Mali. In Fre.
Data that are available in the national archives of Chad on the country's historical demography during the colonial period are analyzed. The authors consider some general problems concerning the use of these data and the extent to which modern methods of data adjustment can be used to overcome them. The study concludes with a review of perspectives for historical demographic research in the Sahel countries.
Correspondence: CERPOD/INSAH, BP 1530, Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10510 Guy, Yves. Saint-Savin: the demography of a village in the Bigorre, 1618-1975. [Saint-Savin: demographie d'un village bigourdan, 1618-1975.] Editions du CNRS, ISBN 2-222-04012-4. 1988. 310 pp. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique [CNRS], Centre Regional de Publication de Toulouse: Midi-Pyrenees: Paris, France. In Fre.
The demographic history of a village in the French Pyrenees from 1618 to 1975 is presented using data from parish records and the techniques of family reconstitution. The study examines changes in patterns of migration, nuptiality, fertility, and mortality as well as the demographic impact of political and other changes on the village.
Correspondence: Editions du CNRS, 15 quai Anatole-France, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10511 Houdaille, Jacques. The French nobility, 1600-1900. [La noblesse francaise, 1600-1900.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 3, May-Jun 1989. 501-13 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The demography of the French nobility from 1600 to 1900 is analyzed based on data from a number of published genealogies. "Age at marriage was high for men and relatively low for women. During this 300-year period, no significant trends could be detected. Permanent celibacy was fairly common until the Revolution, primarily due to religious 'vocations'. The birth rate tended to decline during the early 18th century, rose again during the Revolution, and then remained high until approximately 1840. Mortality rates could only be estimated for adults. These were lower than among the bourgeoisie, but their fall during the late 18th century was less pronounced."
Correspondence: J. Houdaille, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10512 Husbands, Chris. Regional change in a pre-industrial economy: wealth and population in England in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 13, No. 4, Oct 1987. 345-59 pp. New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
Centrally generated fiscal data, including the 1524-1525 lay subsidy returns and the hearth taxes of the 1660s and 1670s, are used to analyze patterns of long-term change in the regional distribution of population and wealth in the economy of early modern England. The focus is on the consequences of urban development and proto-industrialization. The author concludes that existing theories of spatial change in the early modern economy do not adequately explain the events described.
Correspondence: C. Husbands, 17 Beatrice Road, Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich NR1 4BB, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:10513 Igartua, Jose E.; Bouchard, Gerard; Charbonneau, Hubert; Gagan, David; Darroch, Gordon; Gaffield, Chad. Historical databases: the Canadian experience for the past fifteen years. [Les bases de donnees historiques: l'experience canadienne depuis quinze ans.] Histoire Sociale/Social History, Vol. 21, No. 42, Nov 1988. 283-317 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
These are the texts of six papers in English or French, which were presented at a Round Table on Historical Databases (Management Systems) held in Windsor, Ontario, in 1988, as part of the annual meeting of the Canadian Historical Association. "After an introduction by Jose E. Igartua, organizer and president of the Round Table, papers are presented by Gerard Bouchard and Hubert Charbonneau, who have worked extensively with demographic data from church records; by David Gagan and Gordon Darroch, who have pursued questions of social history in manuscript census returns; and by Chad Gaffield, who has contributed to a regional history project based on a theory of global access (a characteristic related to Bouchard's own regional project). While the first four papers offer reflections based on previous experience, Gaffield's discussion focuses on the larger potential of computerization for historical research in the Information Age."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:10514 John, A. Meredith. The plantation slaves of Trinidad, 1783-1816: a mathematical and demographic enquiry. ISBN 0-521-36166-4. LC 88-25652. 1988. xvi, 259 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a demographic and mathematical analysis of the plantation slave population of Trinidad using data from the Trinidad Slave Registers of 1813, 1815, and 1816, which include information on 17,087 slaves. The main aim of the study is to draw plausible upper and lower bounds of slave mortality and fertility by resolving the problems posed by errors in the available data. Following an introduction and description of the study population during a review of the history of Trinidad, the process of collecting slave registration data in 1813 and the characteristics of the population are described. Next, the methods used to analyze slave mortality and fertility are outlined, and the results of the analysis are presented. The final chapter addresses four questions. "First, how high was plantation slave mortality? Second, was plantation slave fertility high or low? Third, was there demographic evidence that slaves were smuggled into Trinidad in 1812 and 1813? And finally, did the plantation slave population of Trinidad have the long-run potential to reproduce itself?"
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

56:10515 Klepp, Susan E. Symposium on the demographic history of the Philadelphia region, 1600-1860. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 133, No. 2, Jun 1989. [254] pp. American Philosophical Society: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
This is a collection of 19 papers by various authors on aspects of the historical demography of the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, region of the United States from 1600 to 1860.
Correspondence: American Philosophical Society, 104 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3387. Location: New York Public Library.

56:10516 Kovacsics, Joseph. A description of Hungarian research in historical demography. [Chronique des recherches hongroises en demographie historique.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1988. 363-76 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review is provided of developments in historical demographic research in Hungary over the course of the present century. Particular attention is given to the data sources available.
Correspondence: J. Kovacsics, V. Vaci- utca 40, 1056 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10517 McCaa, Robert. Conference on the Population History of Latin America: a report and paper abstracts. Latin American Population History Newsletter, No. 16, Fall 1989. 2-10 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
The author reports on a conference on the population history of Latin America, held in Ouro Preto, Brazil, July 2-6, 1989. The five main topics covered are spatial distribution; the components of population growth; marriage, family formation, and fertility; slave populations; and population and the economy. Summaries of the 51 papers presented at the conference are included.
Correspondence: R. McCaa, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Social Science Tower No. 614, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10518 McDonald, John; Shlomowitz, Ralph. Mortality on immigrant voyages to Australia in the 19th century. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan 1990. 84-113 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
Mortality trends among seaboard migrants to Australia during the nineteenth century are analyzed using data from official colonial statistical sources. The authors "calculate monthly death rates for various age classes and use novel regression techniques to estimate the correlates of mortality. For adults, the main characteristics associated with mortality were length of voyage and degree of crowding. For children and infants, these characteristics were even more highly associated with mortality, as was the tonnage of the vessel. The analysis highlights the special dangers faced by infants from infectious diseases aboard ship."
Correspondence: J. McDonald, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

56:10519 Thibon, Christian. The growth of population in the great lakes region during the nineteenth century. [L'expansion du peuplement dans la region des grands lacs au XIX siecle.] Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Etudes Africaines, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1989. 54-72 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"At the turn of the twentieth century, the [region surrounding the great lakes of Eastern Africa] had a population distributed like 'leopard spots' while it occupied a space corresponding to the territorial limits of the centralized kingdoms of Buganda, Burundi, and Rwanda. This tendency resulted from a demographic catastrophe (1860-1920) which has strongly differentiated the territories. The first colonial estimates should not obscure the expansion and concentration of the population in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This hypothesis is based on two case studies, one of a circumscribed area, the kingdom of Burundi, the other of a pioneering zone, the peoples of the western lakeside area (the western banks of Lakes Tanganyka and Kivu as well as the former Lakes Edward and George)."
Correspondence: C. Thibon, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 68 rue Montpensier, BP 576 Pau-Universite, 64010 Pau Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

56:10520 Mbodj, Mohamed; Becker, Charles. Concerning the history of the populations of Black Africa: some suggestions for a new approach. [A propos de l'histoire et des populations de l'Afrique Noire: propositions pour de nouvelles approches.] Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Etudes Africaines, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1989. 40-53 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This article examines the sources of information about the historical demography of Senegambia, the impact of the Atlantic slave trade on the size of the West African population, and the demographic situation during the colonial period. The conclusion considers the importance of the historical dimension and the dangers of a purely formal and quantitative approach to the study of present-day African populations."
Correspondence: M. Mbodj, Universite Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar-Fann, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

56:10521 Mineau, Geraldine P.; Bean, Lee L.; Anderton, Douglas L. Description and evaluation of linkage of the 1880 census to family genealogies: implications for Utah fertility research. Historical Methods, Vol. 22, No. 4, Fall 1989. 144-57 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this article we summarize the methods and present the initial results from a linkage of [U.S.] genealogical records from the Mormon Historical Demography Project (MHDP) to records from the 1880 Manuscript Census of Utah Territory. Our primary objective is to recount the linkage methods involved and to evaluate the representativeness of the genealogical records as reflected in the correspondence between longitudinal and census data." The data sets concern population characteristics, household size, family characteristics, and fertility.
Correspondence: G. P. Mineau, University of Utah, Department of Sociology, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

56:10522 Polyakov, Yu. A. Problems of historical demography in the USSR: a collection of scholarly works. [Problemy istoricheskoi demografii SSSR: sbornik nauchnykh trudov.] ISBN 5-12-000131-9. LC 88-146280. 1988. 164 pp. Naukova Dumka: Kiev, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of studies by various authors on methodological aspects of historical demography and on related issues concerning the establishment and development of historical demographic studies in the USSR. Many of the studies focus on the relations among demographic, social, and ethnic issues.
Correspondence: Naukova Dumka, ul. Repina 3, 352601 Kiev, USSR. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

56:10523 Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). The use of the personal computer in historical demographic research. [Utilizzazione del personal computer nelle ricerche di demografia storica.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 9, 1989. 143 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
These are the proceedings of a symposium on the use of the personal computer in historical demographic research, held in Teramo, Italy, October 7-8, 1988. The publication consists of 15 papers by various authors. The emphasis is on the application of personal computers to this type of research using a variety of Italian sources of data.
Correspondence: Aurora Angeli, SIDES, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1990-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.