Italiano per lo Studio dei Problemi della Popolazione (Rome,
Italy). In memory of Corrado Gini on the twenty-fifth
anniversary of his death. [In memoria di Corrado Gini nel 25
anniversario della sua scomparsa.] Genus, Vol. 45, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun
1989. xvi, 228 pp. Rome, Italy. In Fre; Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
This special issue contains a selection of the published works of Corrado Gini, the eminent Italian demographer, statistician, and sociologist, on the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his death. The selected papers (which are, with the exception of one in French, in Italian) are primarily concerned with the study of "primitive" peoples.
Correspondence: Comitato Italiano per lo Studio dei Problemi della Popolazione, Via Nomentana 41, 00161 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Marie. Unchanging man: a demographic essay.
[L'homme stable: essai demographique.] Au Vif du Sujet, ISBN
2-07-071751-8. 1989. 381 pp. Gallimard: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general study of the world's demographic problems and is aimed at the informed lay person. In the first chapter, the factors influencing the decline in the rate of population growth are identified. Next, the likely global demographic scenario for the period 2025-2100 is considered. The possible future effects of demographic aging on the world's population are then discussed. Finally, ways to achieve demographic stability are analyzed.
Correspondence: Editions Gallimard, 5 rue Sebastien-Bottin, 75341 Paris Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jurgen. Between percentages, academia, and
politics--demography in the first third of this century. [Zwischen
Prozenten, Pult und Politik--Bevolkerungswissenschaft im ersten Drittel
dieses Jahrhunderts.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol.
15, No. 2, 1989. 163-73 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In
Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author examines the development of demography during the first third of the twentieth century. The focus is on the relationships among population theory, population policy, and population statistics, with emphasis on developments in Germany.
Correspondence: J. Kroll, Universitat Bielefeld, USP Wissenschaftsforschung, Universitatsstrasse, 4800 Bielefeld, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Louis. The Laboratory of Historical Demography in
Bucharest. [Le Laboratoire de Demographie Historique de Bucarest.]
Annales de Demographie Historique, 1988. 353-61 pp. Paris, France. In
The work of the Laboratory of Historical Demography in Bucharest, Romania, since its founding in 1981 is described. The main features of the research undertaken at the Laboratory are outlined.
Correspondence: L. Roman, Laboratory of Historical Demography, Bucharest, Romania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nafis. Old challenges and new areas for international
co-operation in population. Population Bulletin of the United
Nations, No. 27, 1989. 125-35 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes future population challenges facing the international community. These include "the implementation of more effective family-planning programmes, greater accessibility to better family-planning services at the local level, a wider range of choices in contraceptive methods, and better training and supervision of family-planning service-delivery personnel. Another major challenge is to give due attention to the various aspects of the role of women....Further, policies need to be formulated and implemented across several sectors to deal with the complex interaction between population, resources and the environment....Finally, still greater emphasis will have to be placed on improving the integration of population and development." Funding needs for implementation of programs are discussed.
Correspondence: N. Sadik, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:10006 Buzin, A.
Yu. Self-organization in social systems.
[Samoorganizatsiya v sotsial'nykh sistemakh.] Soobshcheniya po
Prikladnoi Matematike, LC 88-197344. 1988. 44 pp. Akademiya Nauk SSSR,
Vychislitel'nyi Tsentr: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author presents a mathematical model of the natural selection process of various types of sociodemographic behavior within a population. The types of behavior considered include a combination of traditions and social norms that determine the characteristics of demographic change in that population. These types of behavior can cause populations to eventually divide or disappear. The model shows that over time, a selection of optimal types of behavior emerges in a given population and that such optimal types of behavior will adapt to changing conditions.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Constantinides, Marietta A. Optimal population
growth and the social welfare function. Eastern Economic Journal,
Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1988. 229-38 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In
A social welfare criterion is adopted in order to determine its effects on optimal population policy and the optimal capital accumulation rule. A modified Meade Rule for optimal population growth is derived. The results show that an optimal growth rate of population exists and allows for capital accumulation along the modified Golden Rule path. The author argues that the externalities of population density, such as open space and a pollution-free environment, are important indicators of the quality of life and need to be included in studies of this kind.
Correspondence: M. A. Constantinides, Muhlenberg College, Department of Economics and Business, Allentown, PA 18104. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
John M. "Economic growth," population, and the
environment. Population and Environment, Vol. 11, No. 2, Winter
1989. 83-100 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses problems concerned with the concept of economic growth. "Thought and policies on population and the environment are damaged by the concept of 'economic growth,' which implies that the pattern of economic change of the United States is a Nature-programmed course that will automatically elevate all nations and take care of problems of population and the environment. This doctrine is essentially a myth, which is popular because of its flattering promises. The required cause-and-effect analysis of the policies required to limit population and preserve the environment cannot prevail and save the future until the influence of wishful myths such as that of 'economic growth' is radically reduced."
Correspondence: J. M. Culbertson, 5305 Burnett Drive, Madison, WI 53705. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
56:10009 Kimenyi, M.
S.; Shughart, W. F.; Tollison, R. D. An interest-group
theory of population growth. Journal of Population Economics, Vol.
1, No. 2, Oct 1988. 131-9 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany,
Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper applies the interest-group theory of government to explain population growth. The main argument is that countries whose populations are more ethnically heterogeneous will tend to have higher fertility rates because there are more interest groups which compete for control of the political process of wealth redistribution. The theoretical model is supported by empirical evidence using data on 130 countries for 1980."
Correspondence: M. S. Kimenyi, University of Mississippi, Department of Economics and Finance, University, MS 38677. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
C. Immigration and the evolution of economic theory.
International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones
Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 4, Dec 1989. 525-42 pp. Geneva,
Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This is a review of "the limited and scant contributions made to immigration theory in the context of the evolution of economic thought over a protracted historical time span." The economic theories considered include those of the mercantilists, Adam Smith, the classical economists, and J. M. Keynes.
Correspondence: C. Passaris, University of New Brunswick, Department of Economics, POB 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vasant P. Beyond demography: towards interdisciplinary
exploration. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan 6,
1990. 57-60 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
"Examining the state of both the demographic and social situation in India the author elaborates on the failure of the discipline-specific approach in solving the problems created by the complex industrial civilisation. Relating the demographic-social predicament to the state of knowledge and its uses the paper argues the case for population studies informed by a multi-disciplinary perspective."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Reiner H. Demography. Volume 1. Population
dynamics. [Demographie. Band 1. Bevolkerungsdynamik.] Vahlens
Handbucher der Wirtschaftswissenschaften, ISBN 3-8006-1310-7. 1989. x,
455 pp. Franz Vahlen: Munich, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This textbook on demography includes chapters on the following topics: population models without age structure, the stable population model, approaches to dynamic analysis, the effects of long-term variations in demographic parameters on population structure and dynamics, some extensions of the stable model, and the use of population models in situations where demographic data are lacking or incomplete.
Correspondence: Franz Vahlen GmbH, Wilhemstrasse 9, Postfach 400340, 8000 Munich 40, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: New York Public Library.
Nelson; Duval, Marisela. Demography in the Dominican
Republic: an evaluation. [La demografia en la Republica
Dominicana: una evaluacion.] Apr 1987. Fundacion Friedrich Ebert:
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In Spa.
This is a general review of developments in the study of demography in the Dominican Republic. The focus is on developments since the 1960s. A bibliography of works concerned with the country's population and a summary of results of a survey on available human resources in demography are included as appendixes. (If soliciting document from DOCPAL, request DOCPAL 13117.00.).
Location: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Santiago, Chile.
56:10014 Tsaouse, D.
G. Sociological demography. [Koinonike demographia.]
Koinoniologike Vivliotheke, No. 15, LC 87-113861. 1986. 221 pp.
Gutenberg: Athens, Greece. In Gre.
This is a general textbook on the sociological aspects of demography. It includes chapters on the study of population, population growth, population decrease, population dynamics, and population theory and policy. The primary geographical focus is on Greece.
Correspondence: Gutenberg, 55-57 Didotou, 106 81 Athens, Greece. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).