Volume 55 - Number 3 - Fall 1989

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

55:30662 Doumenge, J. P. Demographic, economic, socio-cultural and political facts nowadays in the French Pacific Territories. GeoJournal, Vol. 16, No. 2, Mar 1988. 143-56 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
Demographic, sociocultural, economic, and political trends in the French islands of the South Pacific are examined. Consideration is given to population distribution, internal and interisland migration, economical assets and weaknesses, political relationship with France, and cultural traditions unique to New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Correspondence: J. P. Doumenge, Centre d'Etudes de Geographie Tropicale, Domaine Universitaire de Bordeaux, Avenue des Antilles, F-33405, Talence, France. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

55:30663 Entwisle, Barbara; Coles, Catherine M. Methodology in the study of women in development: demographic survey and Nigerian women. Carolina Population Center Paper, No. 88-4, Aug 1987. 40, [13] pp. University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center: Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"We address the relationship of Nigerian women to development processes by assessing the need for and usefulness of different data sources for providing information about women's attitudes and activities. In particular we introduce family planning and fertility surveys as a potential source of data on women....We suggest a framework for the analysis and organization of survey data based on women's roles, and examine three particular Nigerian surveys for the data they offer on these roles. Finally we suggest ways in which such information may be helpful in determining both the effects of development programs and policies on women--that is, on their ability to achieve goals they set for themselves--and the potential for women's participation in development."
Correspondence: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30664 Jeffery, Patricia; Jeffery, Roger; Lyon, Andrew. When did you last see your mother? Aspects of female autonomy in North India. In: Micro-approaches to demographic research, edited by John C. Caldwell, Allan G. Hill, and Valerie J. Hull. 1988. 321-33 pp. Kegan Paul International: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The authors examine female autonomy, defined here as a woman's ability to influence matters that directly affect her, with a focus on various aspects of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. "We want to look at indicators of female autonomy which are closer to being defined as such by the women involved. We take some ethnographic material from our research in 1982-3 in Uttar Pradesh, North India, where women, by the commonly employed indicators, would appear to have very low autonomy....Here, we particularly concentrate on how aspects of kinship organization and domestic politics impinge on a woman's contacts with her natal kin."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30665 Kjurciev, Aleksandar. Population variables in educational development plans. In: African Population Conference/Congres Africain de Population, Dakar, Senegal, November/novembre 7-12, 1988. Vol. 3, 1988. 8.2.59-73 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The importance of population variables in the development of educational goals in Sub-Saharan African countries is examined. Factors considered include population growth rate, age and sex distribution, women's status, rural-urban migration, mortality decline, and the spatial distribution of the population. The integration of these variables into educational development plans is examined and compared with the system in Yugoslavia.
Correspondence: A. Kjurciev, Faculty of Economics, University of Skopie, POB 576, 91000 Skopje, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30666 Mason, Karen O. The impact of women's position on demographic change during the course of development: what do we know? Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 88-123, Jul 1988. 24, [2] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to summarize what we know about the impact of women's social position on demographic change during the course of development....'Women's position' is here taken to mean their control over resources compared to men, the degree of their autonomy from men's control, or other aspects of their privilege or oppression that arise from the society's social institutions." The focus is primarily on long-term changes in mortality and fertility in developing countries. The author concludes that it is not possible to assess the impact of women's position on the fertilty transition using data currently available and that new, multilevel, comparable studies of women's position and fertility change are needed to generate such data.
Correspondence: Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30667 McLaughlin, Steven D.; Melber, Barbara D.; Billy, John O. G.; Zimmerle, Denise M.; Winges, Linda D.; Johnson, Terry R. The changing lives of American women. ISBN 0-8078-1813-5. LC 88-9699. 1988. xix, 250 pp. University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, North Carolina/London, England. In Eng.
Changing demographic trends affecting women's lives in the United States are discussed. Consideration is given to educational attainment, marriage and divorce, premarital sexual behavior, labor force participation, and childbearing. The authors examine how these demographic changes are related to each other and how they fit into a historical context. Particular attention is paid to differences among three cohorts: the mothers of the baby-boom generation, women of the baby-boom generation, and their daughters.
Correspondence: University of North Carolina Press, POB 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30668 Okafor, S. I. The population factor in public service provision in Nigeria. Applied Geography, Vol. 9, No. 2, Apr 1989. 123-33 pp. Guildford, England. In Eng.
"This paper is concerned with ascertaining the impact of population on the spatial pattern of public service provision in Nigeria....Using a set of population and revenue variables as explanatory variables, a step-wise multiple regression model was employed to determine the impact of these variables on the provision of selected public services. The results of the analyses show that urban population is generally more important than total population in explaining the spatial pattern of public services. Generally speaking, the revenue variables are even more important in this regard, especially the internal revenue of states....One implication of these results is that ability to pay, rather than need, is the basis for public service provision in Nigeria. Thus, the richer and more developed states are better off than the less developed ones, irrespective of population size."
Correspondence: S. I. Okafor, Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Location: New York Public Library.

55:30669 Vizev, Stoyan. Certain needs for medical and social care among the old and the elderly. [Nyakoi potrebnosti na vazrastnite i starite khora ot meditsinski i sotsialni grizhi.] Naselenie, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1989. 3-23 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Basic needs of the elderly for medical and social care in developed countries are examined. The author decribes trends and consequences of demographic aging. Consideration is also given to the social and cultural needs of the healthy aged. Specific attention is paid to Bulgaria's attempts to meet these new demands on available social resources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30670 Weisbeek, Joop; De Kam, Flip; Goudriaan, Rene; De Groot, Hans; Hooijmans, Evelien; Pommer, Evert; Ruitenberg, Leendert; Van Tulder, Frank. Demographic trends and public expenditure in the Netherlands, 1981-2030. In: Population and family in the low countries VI, edited by R. L. Cliquet, G. Dooghe, J. de Jong-Gierveld, and F. van Poppel. Vol. 18, 1989. 17-37 pp. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands; Population and Family Study Centre [CBGS]: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
The authors analyze current demographic trends using data from the 1984 Population Forecast for the Netherlands to predict public expenditure for government services by the year 2030. Analysis is by age and sex, since many government and social security programs are intended for people of a specific age, sex, or marital status. Findings indicate considerable increases in expenditures in the areas of health services, social security, and social services due to the projected aging of the Dutch population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

55:30671 Calhoun, Shannon. Comparing the impact of recent and settled migrants on the political system in Florida. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. WPS 89-56, 1989. 34 pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"The primary objective of this paper was to assess the impact of migrants on the political system in Florida. Comparisons of attitudes were made through observations of two groups of migrants and the indigenous population. An attempt was made to determine if there was a shift in attitudes toward political issues as a result of a longer length of residence....The results appear conclusive enough to support the idea that the longer a migrant lives in Florida, the more similar to a native he becomes." Data are from the Florida Annual Population Survey conducted in 1988.
Correspondence: Robert H. Weller, Editor, Working Paper Series, Center for the Study of Population, College of Social Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30672 da Rocha, Maria I. B. Parliament and the demographic question: a study of the debate over birth control and family planning in the National Congress. [O Parlamento e a questao demografica: um estudo do debate sobre controle de natalidade e planjamento familiar no Congresso Nacional.] Textos NEPO, No. 13, Dec 1987. 165-286 pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Campinas, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The author explores the involvement of Brazil's Chamber of Deputies and Federal Senate in issues of population policy, family planning, and birth control. The focus is on the period 1960-1985, with special attention to actions taken by the Parliamentary Inquiry Commission. The debate within the National Congress on these issues is described, and the opinions of members of Parliament are outlined. Data are from official and other published sources.
Correspondence: NEPO, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6166, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30673 Goldscheider, Calvin. The demographic embeddedness of the Arab-Jewish conflict in Israeli society. Middle East Review, Vol. 21, No. 3, Spring 1989. 15-24 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The demographic aspects of the Arab-Jewish conflict in Israel and the Occupied Territories are examined. The author reviews the changing demographic patterns of majority-minority relationships. "This includes an investigation into the changing size, growth, and ethnic composition of the Jewish and Arab populations, the demographic formation of these communities, particularly the evolution of immigration patterns, differential fertility of Jewish and Arab populations, and the changing relative population proportions of each, now and in the future. At the same time we shall explore issues of inequality within and between Jewish and Arab populations. Here we link social inequalities to demographic processes, examining as well the individual views of Arabs about Jews and Jews about Arabs."
Correspondence: C. Goldscheider, Department of Sociology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

55:30674 Amin, Sajeda. The impact of health interventions on socio-economic differentials in infant and child mortality in Punjab, India. Pub. Order No. DA8904310. 1989. 173 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"In this dissertation I examine the impact of health interventions on socio-economic differentials in infant and child mortality in a rural population of Punjab, India. The data come from the Narangwal Health Project, which took place in the late 1960s and early 1970s....Multivariate analyses of infant and child survival during the first two years of life reveal that the impact of interventions depends on the type of services offered and on the criterion by which social class is measured."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Princeton University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Science 49(12).

55:30675 Canesqui, Ana M. Medical assistance for health and human reproduction. [Assistencia medica e a saude e reproducao humana.] Textos NEPO, No. 13, Dec 1987. 13-163 pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Campinas, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
Brazil's federal health policy is examined, with separate focus on the periods before and after 1964. Special attention is given to sanitation and to maternal and child health care. The impact of government involvement on health policy development and the policy's subsequent effects on demographic processes, especially fertility, are also discussed. Data are from official and other published sources.
Correspondence: NEPO, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6166, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30676 Ermakov, S. P. Demographic models of reproduction processes of a population's health. [Demograficheskie modeli protsessov vosproizvodstva zdorov'ya naseleniya.] In: Metody issledovaniya, edited by A. G. Vishnevskii. 1986. 133-50, 182 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the use of mathematical models in the analysis of demographic and health processes. A new method is described, and its use in estimating the influence of exogenous factors on mortality is assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30677 Ewbank, Douglas C. Evaluation of short term demographic impact of health programmes. In: African Population Conference/Congres Africain de Population, Dakar, Senegal, November/novembre 7-12, 1988. Vol. 3, 1988. 7.1.1-15 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper attempts to define the demographer's potential role in evaluating the impact of health programmes and to place that role into the broader context of medical research and operations research....I have tried...to describe the importance of impact evaluation, outline most of the important research strategies, and note which demographic tools are most important for this kind of research. I have also tried to note those areas in which demographers are least apt to be skilled and the ways in which other types of non-demographic research complement impact studies."
Correspondence: D. C. Ewbank, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30678 Gendreau, Francis; Cantrelle, Pierre. The prospective of global disequilibrium: demography and health. [Prospective des desequilibres mondiaux: demographie et sante.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 7, ISBN 2-87762-008-5. Jun 1989. 33 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The demographic and health issues that are likely to arise from the projected growth of the world's population are explored. "Population size, growth, fertility and mortality, age structure, urbanization and migration are studied in turn, with an emphasis on the socio-cultural context of fertility and the major factors of mortality as well as health policies."
Correspondence: CEPED, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30679 Gray, Ronald H. The integration of demographic and epidemiologic approaches to studies of health in developing countries. In: Differential mortality: methodological issues and biosocial factors, edited by Lado Ruzicka, Guillaume Wunsch, and Penny Kane. 1989. 36-63 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England; Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The objective of the present chapter is to review approaches to field studies of health in developing countries, and to suggest some practical modifications....[It] will consider issues of mortality and morbidity within the Mosley-Chen...framework, and suggest alternative study strategies. The initial discussion will focus on the use of algorithms for the identification of diseases or disease processes which may be used as indicators or markers for the proximate determinants of mortality, and on how such information can be obtained from surveys of morbidity or mortality. Then consideration will be given to the risk factors for disease, which implies measurement of the underlying determinants and factors such as maternal characteristics, environmental conditions, diet, and so on, which influence the probability of disease, the severity of illness, and the effects of medical care. I will then address epidemiologic approaches to the study of risk factors which could be integrated with demographic studies."
Correspondence: R. H. Gray, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30680 Miller, Jane E.; Huss-Ashmore, Rebecca. Do reproductive patterns affect maternal nutritional status?: an analysis of maternal depletion in Lesotho. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1989. 409-19 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This study examines nutritional status and fertility history for 873 women in highland Lesotho. Parity, age, pregnancy status, length of last closed birth interval, open interval, and median birth interval were used to predict nutritional status (BMI [Body Mass Index], triceps skinfold, arm muscle area). While there is evidence that both short-term and long-term nutritional depletion are related to lactation and pregnancy spacing, both BMI and triceps fat increase with parity. For this population, then, the assumption of cumulative depletion due simply to high fertility is not supported."
Correspondence: J. E. Miller, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30681 Mohan, Jitendra. Overcrowding: a behavioral perspective. Population Geography, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1987. 56-61 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author discusses overpopulation as it affects public mental health by reviewing relevant literature in the fields of psychology and demography. The impact of population density in India is addressed.
Correspondence: J. Mohan, Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30682 Shekelle, Richard B.; Stamler, Jeremiah. Dietary cholesterol and ischaemic heart disease. Lancet, No. 8648, May 27, 1989. 1,177-9 pp. Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The intake of dietary cholesterol and its association with risk of ischaemic heart disease is examined. Data are from a study of 2,107 men aged 40-55 who worked for the Western Electric Company in Chicago, Illinois. Participants were initally assessed between October 1957 and December 1958 and were followed for 25 years. The authors find that "intake of dietary cholesterol was positively associated with risk of death from ischaemic heart disease, from all other cardiovascular diseases, and from all causes combined; these associations persisted after adjustment for serum cholesterol, diastolic blood pressure, cigarette smoking, age, body mass index, and intake of energy, alcohol, saturated fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids."
Correspondence: R. B. Shekelle, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, P.O. Box 20186, Houston, TX 77225. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

No citations in this issue.

Copyright © 1989-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.