Volume 55 - Number 3 - Fall 1989

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

55:30554 Bonfield, Lloyd; Smith, Richard M.; Wrightson, Keith. The world we have gained: histories of population and social structure. Essays presented to Peter Laslett on his seventieth birthday. ISBN 0-631-13871-4. LC 85-25466. 1986. x, 421 pp. Basil Blackwell: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This collection of 15 studies by various authors concerns aspects of historical demography associated with the work of Peter Laslett. The essays range back in time as far as the fourteenth century and span topics as diverse but demonstrably interconnected as internal migration, family structure and employment, marriage and widowhood, inheritance and remarriage, the determinants of marital fertility, maternal mortality, and illegitimacy. Data sources include wills, tithing lists, manorial court rolls, parish registers of various types, and family reconstitutions, as well as contemporary works and documents. The geographical focus is primarily on England, but individual studies are concerned with Sweden and Italy.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Basil Blackwell, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30555 Boswell, John. The kindness of strangers: the abandonment of children in Western Europe from late antiquity to the Renaissance. ISBN 0-394-57240-8. LC 88-42544. 1988. xviii, 488 pp. Pantheon Books: New York, New York. In Eng.
The abandonment of children in Europe from Roman times to the late Middle Ages is explored. The author concludes that this practice was frequently resorted to and that it represented the most feasible means of family limitation when other methods were either ineffective or prohibited. Other determining factors cited were reduction in the number of heirs, desire to change the sex ratio of children, and opportunity to give unwanted children to families or institutions where they would be more valued. Data are from a range of historical and literary sources.
Correspondence: Pantheon Books, 201 East 50th Street, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30556 Brandstrom, Anders; Tedebrand, Lars-Goran. Society, health and population during the demographic transition. Umea University Demographic Data Base Report, No. 4, ISBN 91-22-01216-8. 1988. 514 pp. Almqvist and Wiksell International: Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a conference held at Umea University, Sweden, August 18-21, 1986, on the determinants of changes in mortality and morbidity during the demographic transition. Included are 28 papers by various authors that were presented at six sessions. The sessions were organized under the topics of infant, child, and maternal mortality; causes of death and classification of diseases; urban disease and mortality; society and medicine; health and nutrition; and changes and patterns in rural mortality. The primary geographical focus is on Europe, with particular emphasis on Scandinavia.
Correspondence: Almqvist and Wiksell International, Drottninggt 108, Box 45150, S-104 30 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30557 Brun, J.-P. The enumerations in the Hautes-Alpes department in the eighteenth century. [Les denombrements dans le departement des Hautes-Alpes au XVIIIe siecle.] DH: Bulletin d'Information, No. 53, Nov 1988. 8-22 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Available sources of data concerning the population of the Hautes-Alpes department of France in the eighteenth century are described. The reliability of these sources is assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30558 Crenshaw, Edward. The demographic regime of Western Europe in the early modern period: a review of literature. Journal of Family History, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1989. 177-89 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Research conducted on the historical demography of Western Europe contradicts the classic theory of demographic transition. Contrary to the emphasis on mortality in transition theory, work by Wrigley, Schofield, Goldstone, and others points to fertility in general, and age at marriage and the incidence of marriage in particular, as the critical determinants of population size, structure, and growth in the early modern period. Recent theories link occupational and industrial structures to the historical fertility regime of [northern and] western Europe, and suggest that changes in economic structure rather than changes in economic rationality due to modernization dictated fertility patterns for this region during this historical era."
Correspondence: E. Crenshaw, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30559 Demongeot, Jacques; Demetrius, Lloyd. Natural selection and demographic drift. An empirical study of France from 1860 to 1965. [Selection naturelle et derive demographique. Etude empirique de la France de 1860 a 1965.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1989. 109-34 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The authors develop a model to distinguish qualitatively between the impact on fertility and mortality of endogenous (sociocultural and genetic) factors and exogenous factors such as wars and epidemics. The model is applied to French data for the period 1860-1965. "This article reveals three episodes in the demographic evolution of France: 1) the period up to the second world war where endogenous factors dominate; 2) the period during the three wars between France and Germany where exogenous factors evidently are at work; 3) the period after the second world war where exogenous factors intervene."
Correspondence: J. Demongeot, TIM3, IMAG, Saint-Martin-d'Heres, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30560 Fauve-Chamoux, Antoinette; Nowak, Michelle; Synarellis, Maroula; Vitu, Anne; Vouloir, Marie-Christine. The population of the world before 1800: Second International Conference on Historical Demography. [Le peuplement du monde avant 1800: 2eme Congres international de demographie historique.] DH: Bulletin d'Information, No. 49, Jun 1987. 162 pp. Societe de Demographie Historique: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre; Spa.
This publication is a product of the Second International Conference on Historical Demography organized by the Societe de Demographie Historique, which was held in Paris in 1987. The conference included sessions on the use of hemotypology in historical demography; the population of continents in history, including China, the Indian subcontinent, Africa, and the Americas; and a roundtable on the population of Africa. Reports from sessions and summaries of selected papers, which are in English, French, or Spanish, are also included.
Correspondence: Societe de Demographie Historique, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30561 Lothe, Jean. Population dynamics in Metz under the revolution and the empire: growth or recovery? [Variation de la population de Metz sous la revolution et l'empire: accroissement ou recuperation?] DH: Bulletin d'Information, No. 52, Jun 1989. 35-51 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the demographic impact of the French Revolution and of the subsequent empire of Napoleon I on the city of Metz, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30562 Martin, Jean-Clement. The mysterious disappearances of the population of the Vendee. [Les disparitions mysterieuses de la population de la Vendee.] DH: Bulletin d'Information, No. 52, Jun 1989. 20-34 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Problems involved in estimating population losses in the Vendee region of France during the revolutionary period are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30563 McCaa, Robert. The female population of Chile, 1855-1964: a microcomputer balance sheet method. Latin American Population History Newsletter, No. 15, Spring 1989. 9-14 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
This article summarizes the essential features of the inverse projection method and applies it to data on the female population of Chile for the period 1855-1964. Changes in age distribution, vital rates, life expectancy, fertility, and gross and net reproduction rates over time are described.
Correspondence: R. McCaa, Department of History, University of Minnesota, Social Science Tower #614, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30564 Poos, L. R. Population turnover in medieval Essex: the evidence of some early-fourteenth-century tithing lists. In: The world we have gained: histories of population and social structure, edited by Lloyd Bonfield, Richard M. Smith, and Keith Wrightson. 1986. 1-22 pp. Basil Blackwell: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author estimates crude rates of population turnover in communities in fourteenth-century Essex by comparing the names on series of dated tithing lists. Princeton West model stable populations with extreme life expectancies for men of 21 and 39 years and an annual growth rate of -0.5 percent are used first to provide estimates of the total size of the population on the basis of the model ratio of males aged 12 and older to the total population, and then to suggest the extent to which the crude turnover rates reflect short-term migration rather than vital events.
Correspondence: L. R. Poos, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue NE, Washington, D.C. 20064. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30565 Rose, Jerome C. Biological consequences of segregation and economic deprivation: a post-slavery population from southwest Arkansas. Journal of Economic History, Vol. 49, No. 2, Jun 1989. 351-60 pp. Wilmington, Delaware. In Eng.
The author examines the biological consequences of segregation and economic deprivation of blacks through analysis of 80 skeletons interred in Cedar Grove, Arkansas, between 1890 and 1927. The physical data is compared "with historic accounts and interpretations of textual data. The high frequencies of skeletal lesions indicating dietary deficiencies and infectious disease demonstrates that this was a highly stressed population and that Cedar Grove participated in the historically documented nationwide decline of Afro-American health. The evidence is overwhelming that congenital syphilis was a major contributor to high infant mortality and population decline."
Correspondence: J. C. Rose, Department of Anthropology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:30566 Ruggiero, Alain. A note on the population of the County of Nice during the revolutionary period. [Note sur la population du Comte de Nice pendant la periode revolutionnaire.] DH: Bulletin d'Information, No. 52, Jun 1989. 3-19 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Population dynamics in the County of Nice during the French revolutionary period are analyzed. The author discusses problems with existing data sources. Consideration is also given to the impact of political events and war on mortality.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30567 Todorov, Nikolaj; Velkov, Asparuh. The demographic situation in the Balkan Peninsula (the end of the fifteenth and beginning of the sixteenth centuries). [Situation demographique de la Peninsule balkanique (fin du XVe s.-debut du XVIe s.).] 1988. 310 pp. Academie Bulgare des Sciences, Institut d'Etudes Balkaniques: Sofia, Bulgaria. In Fre; Ara. with sum. in Eng.
This work is based on Ottoman sources, primarily on a document of the fifteenth century preserved in the Oriental Department of the Cyril and Methodius National Library in Sofia, Bulgaria (catalog number OAK 214/5), which is the register of the Christian population of the Balkans paying the poll tax in 1490-1491. The spatial and ethnic distribution of the population in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries is the main topic covered in the study. Consideration is also given to the level of assimilation of the local population over time into the Islamic Turkish population. The complete text of the document is given in Arabic, together with a French translation.
Correspondence: Izdatelstvo na BAN, Pechatnitsa na Izdatelstvoto na BAN, 1113 Sofia, ya Akad. G Bonchev 61.6, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

55:30568 Palli, Kh. E. Demographic processes in the past: methods of obtaining and processing information. [Demograficheskie protsessy v proshlom: metody polucheniya i obrabotki informatsii.] In: Metody issledovaniya, edited by A. G. Vishnevskii. 1986. 34-44, 181 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The author describes the principal sources of historical demographic data in the USSR. Special attention is given to methods of obtaining data from parish registers, using the example of Estonia from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1989-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.