Volume 55 - Number 3 - Fall 1989

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

55:30474 Augustyniak, Christine M. Determinants of labor force migration. Pub. Order No. DA8906990. 1988. 196 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Determinants of labor force migration in the United States are studied, with an emphasis on the occupational history of the head of household. A model that takes into account the impact of this variable on migration is described.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(12).

55:30475 Bedford, R. D. Population movement in post-colonial Fiji: review and speculation. GeoJournal, Vol. 16, No. 2, Mar 1988. 179-92 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines developments in population movement [in Fiji] between 1970 and 1986 with particular reference to an acceleration in levels of migration overseas by Indians and an exodus of Fijians from rural village communities for towns on Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. Trends in internal and international migration are evaluated at a range of spatial scales--national, regional and local. Some speculation on the effect of political and economic changes since May 1987 on these population movements attempts to provide a contemporary perspective on demographic developments over the last 15 years." Data are from the 1986 Fijian census.
Correspondence: R. D. Bedford, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

55:30476 Cheong, Keywon. Poverty and migration: synthesis of macrolevel and microlevel perspectives of migration. Pub. Order No. DA8823613. 1987. 170 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author studies the effects of individual poverty and poverty levels of residential areas on the propensities of U.S. youth to migrate. "The major findings are: (1) youth living in areas with [fewer] employment opportunities are more migratory; (2) poor youth are less migratory than the nonpoor; and (3) the poor living in areas with [fewer] employment opportunities are least migratory." Data are from the 1983 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Cohort.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Utah State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(9).

55:30477 Dahmann, Donald C.; McArthur, Edith K. The analysis of geographical mobility and life events with the Survey of Income and Program Participation. In: American Statistical Association, 1987 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1987]. 203-11 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper presents some preliminary results of our work linking life events with geographical mobility...." The analysis is based on the 1984 Panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). "After considering age, we began to look at the relationship between a number of life events and residential mobility recorded during the period covered by five interviews. The specific types of events examined are change in marital status, completion of significant levels of education, employment status changes, and changes in receipt of means-tested benefits." A comment by Martha S. Hill is included (pp. 209-11).
Correspondence: E. K. McArthur, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30478 Enchautegui, Maria E. A human capital-contextual model of migration decision-making. Pub. Order No. DA8906218. 1988. 193 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study provides a theoretical framework for multilevel analysis of migration decision-making based on the human capital theory. The main contention of the study is that individuals behave with respect to migration as if they were making a rational calculus of lifetime earnings. Earnings are determined by personal characteristics and macrolevel factors....The model was tested using 1980 census data on Puerto Rican return and nonreturn migrants."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Florida State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(12).

55:30479 Hsung, Ray-May. The effect of demographic variables on the accuracy of migration registration. Journal of Population Studies, No. 12, Jun 1989. 29-51 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the effects of demographic variables on the accuracy of migration registration in Taiwan. Variables considered are relationship to head of household, sex, age, marital status, and educational and occupational status.
Correspondence: R.-M. Hsung, Department of Sociology, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30480 Kim, Hunmee. An analysis of individual and family migration behavior: the case of Korea. Pub. Order No. DA8901592. 1988. 229 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study examines the differences between lone and family migration at various stages of the migration process. It assumes that the objective in migration is to maximize the net gains to the family, regardless of whether the migration is undertaken by an individual member or by the family. By developing a conceptual model of family migration, the conditions under which a potential migrant would move alone, as opposed to taking the family along, are examined. Introducing the concept of the cost of separation, we show that lone migration is undertaken only when its net gains are greater than the separation cost of the family....The two post migration behaviors examined are remittance and repeat migration." The data are from Korea.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Harvard University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(10).

55:30481 King, Russell; Killingbeck, Jenny. Carlo Levi, the Mezzogiorno and emigration: fifty years of demographic change at Aliano. Geography, Vol. 74, Pt. 2, No. 323, Apr 1989. 128-43 pp. Sheffield, England. In Eng.
Using Carlo Levi's book "Christ Stopped at Eboli" as a reference point for studying the history of development in rural southern Italy, the author specifically addresses migration in the village of Aliano. Comparisons are made between the impact of migration in the 1930s and migration in the 1980s, and the economic conditions created as a result of international migration and return migration are analyzed. Data are from recent fieldwork and censuses and from the municipal archives of Aliano.
Correspondence: R. King, Department of Geography, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30482 Mehta, S. R. Migration as a phenomenon and process of population change. Population Geography, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1987. 16-24 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author examines migration and its relationship to population dynamics and economic development in developing countries. The structural and cultural determinants of migration are discussed, with an emphasis on movements from rural to urban areas. Acculturation of the migrant family as it relates to fertility behavior is also discussed.
Correspondence: S. R. Mehta, Department of Sociology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30483 Nam, Hee Yong. Retirement condition and migration: determinants of migration decision and destination selection among American men, 1973-1983. Pub. Order No. DA8904502. 1988. 99 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The relationship between the transition to retirement and migration among men in the United States is studied. The author examines whether the event of retirement increases migration and what factors predict retirees' decision to move and choice of destination. Findings indicate that retirees are three times more likely to migrate than are those who are working and that socioeconomic status and health condition are the most significant determinants.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Nebraska.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(12).

55:30484 Ogden, Philip E.; White, Paul E. Migrants in modern France: population mobility in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. ISBN 0-04-301209-4. LC 88-17108. 1989. xv, 233 pp. Unwin Hyman: London, England/Boston, Massachusetts. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies by various authors on aspects of migration in France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. "Three broad introductory chapters review the existing literature and present new evidence from the mid-nineteenth century to the present; the case-study chapters range widely in geographical coverage and time period. With the exception of one chapter by a distinguished French demographer, all the contributions are by British and American scholars who have wide experience of working with primary sources of information in France, and have published in French and English." Consideration is given to the causes, patterns, and impacts of the migration process and to international and internal migration.
Correspondence: Unwin Hyman, 15/17 Broadwick Street, London W1V 3FP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30485 Pachano, Simon. Population, migration, and employment in Ecuador. [Poblacion, migracion y empleo en el Ecuador.] Antologia de las Ciencias Sociales, No. 3, 1988. 351 pp. Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigaciones Sociales [ILDIS]: Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
This is a selection of 12 papers by various authors on aspects of the relationships among migration, population, and employment in Ecuador. Topics covered include the problems of data collection among the indigenous population, rural out-migration and agricultural development, the impact of migration on family structures, internal migration, peasant migration and the urban labor force, and temporary migration.
Correspondence: ILDIS, Av. Colon 1346, Casilla Postal 367-A, Quito, Ecuador. Location: New York Public Library.

55:30486 Penninx, Rinus; Muus, Philip. Borderless migration after 1992? The experiences of the past and a look toward the future. [Grenzeloos migreren na 1992? Ervaringen uit het verleden en een verkenning van de toekomst.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 3, Dec 1988. 1-24 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The purpose of this article is to sketch the migration flows which are to be expected in a 'Frontier-Free Europe' after 1st January 1993. It deals not only with migration flows within the [European] Community but also with migration of non-EC citizens to EC member-states. First, post-war migration trends are briefly described. Next, the author looks into the lessons which can be learned from the situation which arose when zones for the free movement of people were created within the Europe of the Six, the Nine, and the Twelve, and between the countries of the Nordic Common Market. Drawing from past lessons, and on the basis of a combination of sociological studies of the situation, the motives and intentions of the migrants themselves, policy aspects and immigration criteria for various categories of migrants, assumptions are made regarding the future dimensions of migration both within and to the European Community."
Correspondence: R. Penninx, Subfaculteit der Sociaal-Kulturele Wetenschappen, Vakgroep Methoden en Technieken, Vrije Universiteit, Postbus 7161, 1007 MC Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30487 Stark, Oded; Taylor, J. Edward. Migration incentives, migration types: the role of relative deprivation. Migration and Development Program Discussion Paper, No. 45, Jun 1989. 40 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Migration and Development Program: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper examines the role of absolute income versus relative deprivation incentives for internal and international migration in [developing-country] households. Our empirical results, based on Mexican village data, support the relative deprivation hypothesis of migration when migration is likely to be an effective vehicle for reducing households' relative deprivation within the relevant reference group. They suggest that, independent of relative deprivation, households wisely pair their members with the labor markets in which the returns to their human capital are likely to be greatest. They also suggest that a specific type of migration constitutes a response to a specific configuration of variables, and the role of relative deprivation appears to differ between international migration and migration within a country. A relative deprivation approach to migration is shown to have important implications for development policy."
Correspondence: Migration and Development Program, Center for Population Studies, Harvard University, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30488 van Dijk, Jouke; Folmer, Hendrik; Herzog, Henry W.; Schlottmann, Alan M. Migration and labor market adjustment. ISBN 0-7923-0026-2. LC 88-7635. 1989. viii, 306 pp. Kluwer Academic: Boston, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
This volume presents papers from the International Conference on Migration and Labor Market Adjustment held at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, October 15-17, 1987. The papers are organized under chapter headings on migration as a reflection of interregional labor market adjustment; the relationships among unemployment, migration, and job matching; aspects of regional labor market dynamics, migration, and economic efficiency; the human investment approach to labor market mobility and personal status; and conceptual and methodological issues. The geographical focus is on the United States and the market-economy countries of Europe.
Correspondence: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30489 Walsh, Brendan M. Tests for macroeconomic feedback from large-scale migration based on the Irish experience, 1948-87: a note. Economic and Social Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Apr 1989. 257-66 pp. Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
"This short paper explores the relationship between the rate of migration and the rate of economic growth. A review of the literature shows that there is no unanimity regarding the net effect of migration on economic growth. Sims' causality tests on the data for Irish migration and the growth of GNP per person over the period 1948-87 reveal no evidence of feedback from migration to growth. This finding has important implications for the interpretation of the post-war Irish economic experience." The emphasis is on international migration.
Correspondence: B. M. Walsh, University College, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:30490 Ware, Helen; Lucas, David. Women left behind, the changing division of labour and its effects on agricultural production. In: African Population Conference/Congres Africain de Population, Dakar, Senegal, November/novembre 7-12, 1988. Vol. 3, 1988. 6.1.1-19 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper considers the effect of male labour migration, whether within [Sub-Saharan Africa] or abroad, on the rural women left behind. The prevalence of female-headed households is seen as a key, but sometimes unsatisfactory indicator of this [phenomenon]. A variety of reasons are considered which constrain a rural mother and her children from joining the father in the urban area. The effect on agricultural production is considered....Women are the major contributor to agricultural production in Africa, but are often disadvantaged, and even development projects may discriminate against them. A separate section is devoted to Southern Africa, recognizing the importance of contract labour in the mines. The significance of remittances is discussed, focussing on the use of such receipts, which may be used for consumption goods or may provide capital for agricultural improvement."
Correspondence: H. Ware, International Organization and Programs Branch, Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Department of Foreign Affairs, P.O. Box 887, Canberra City 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30491 Witkowski, Janusz; Kupiszewski, Marek. Contemporary migrations and ways to study them. [Wspolczesne migracje i metodyka ich badania.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 287, 1989. 274 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This is a collection of papers by various authors on migration in Poland and policy options available to influence migration. The papers were originally prepared for a seminar held in November 1988 in Warsaw. The first three papers describe current internal and international migration trends in Poland. The next four focus on migration of the rural population. The final two papers discuss policy measures designed to influence internal migration and describe factors that will affect migration until the year 2000. The second part of the volume, by Marek Kupiszewski, is concerned with the problems of introducing two different types of migration data into multiregional population models such as those developed by Andrei Rogers. The data are from current registers and the 1978 census of Poland.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodlegosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

55:30492 Basha, Ahmed A. Migration and urbanization in Saudi Arabia: the case of Jeddah and Riyadh. Pub. Order No. DA8824713. 1988. 270 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation compares the impact of international labor migration with the impact of internal migration on Jeddah and Riyadh, two Saudi Arabian cities with differing histories of industrialization and urbanization. It compares characteristics of indigenous and foreign population increases in both cities and the impact of that growth on municipal services. It recounts the government's response to the increasing urban populations and their need for expanded municipal services. It also explores the differing impact of foreign immigrants and domestic migrants on Jeddah's and Riyadh's economic growth and development....Most of the data for this study comes from our sample survey of 1,000 Saudi migrants and foreign immigrants in Jeddah and Riyadh."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(9).

55:30493 Bidegain Greising, Gabriel; Freitez Landaeta, Anitza. Colombians in Venezuela: myth and reality. [Los colombianos en Venezuela: mito y realidad.] 1989. 199 pp. Centro de Estudios de Pastoral y Asistencia Migratoria [CEPAM]: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
Trends in the volume and direction of Colombian migration to and from Venezuela for the period 1981-1986 are analyzed. Data are from the Household Sample Survey, the 1981 census, and vital statistics. The first two chapters deal with migrant characteristics, including age, sex, area of residence, fertility, mortality, marital status, educational status, length of residence in Venezuela, and standard of living. The remaining chapters are concerned with migrants' integration into the labor force and income.
Correspondence: CEPAM, Calle Taborda, Quinta Scalabrini, San Roman, Apartado Postal 51480, Caracas 1050-A, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30494 Bouvier, Leon F.; Espenshade, Thomas J. The stable population model, migration, and complementarity. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 8, No. 2, May 1989. 165-79 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The issue of declining population in many more-developed countries (MDCs) and continued rapid population growth in most less-developed countries (LDCs) is addressed in this paper. The authors expand the stable model theory beyond closed populations and apply it to situations where migration patterns are either in or out of a region. Through the use of the 'complementarity' concept, the study illustrates what the impact of continued migration out of LDCs into MDCs would be on both regions."
Correspondence: L. F. Bouvier, Department of Sociology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30495 Davis, Kingsley. Social science approaches to international migration. In: Population and resources in Western intellectual traditions, edited by Michael S. Teitelbaum and Jay M. Winter. 1989. 245-61 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
Problems in the systematic analysis of international migration are discussed, with an emphasis on the difficulties in developing appropriate theories and formal models. The author hypothesizes that international migration involves many unrelated aspects of human behavior and has no biological constraints, rendering it "a creature of policy and of accidental or arbitrary rules." The essay concludes with a brief historical review of four centuries of world migration.
Correspondence: K. Davis, University of Southern California, Department of Sociology, University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90089. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30496 Diamantides, N. D.; Constantinou, S. T. Modeling the macrodynamics of international migration: determinants of emigration from Cyprus, 1946-85. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 21, No. 7, Jul 1989. 927-50 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A model is presented of international migration that is based on the concept of a pool of potential emigrants at the origin created by push-pull forces and by the establishment of information feedback between origin and destination. The forces can be economic, political, or both, and are analytically expressed by the 'mediating factor'. The model is macrodynamic in nature and provides both for the main secular component of the migratory flow and for transient components caused by extraordinary events. The model is expressed in a Bernoulli-type differential equation through which quantitative weights can be derived for each of the operating causes. Out-migration from the Republic of Cyprus is used to test the tenets of the model."
Correspondence: S. T. Constantinou, Ohio State University, Mansfield Campus, 1680 University Drive, Mansfield, OH 44906. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30497 Frendreis, John P. Migration as a source of changing party strength. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 70, No. 1, Mar 1989. 211-20 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of international migration on the U.S. political system. He "discusses partisan change and the role migration may play within it, and identifies the conditions under which migration is likely to have its greatest effect. This effect is illustrated by an intensive analysis of a Sun Belt county which has witnessed both a wave of migration-based population growth and a dramatic change in the local partisan balance."
Correspondence: J. P. Frendreis, Department of Political Science, Loyola University, Chicago, IL 60626. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30498 Gill, Andrew; Long, Stewart. Is there an immigration status wage differential between legal and undocumented workers? Evidence from the Los Angeles garment industry. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 70, No. 1, Mar 1989. 164-73 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"This paper examines the question of whether the lower wages generally observed for undocumented workers are due primarily to their immigration status or to differences from legal workers in other wage-related characteristics. When analyzing the wages of Hispanic garment workers with a model that includes controls for human capital, personal, and job characteristics, no evidence is found of a wage differential based on immigration status. However, when the model is respecified to exclude job characteristics, evidence is found that an immigration status wage differential may exist." The geographical focus is on the U.S. state of California.
Correspondence: A. Gill, Department of Economics, California State University, Fullerton, CA 94542. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30499 Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM] (Geneva, Switzerland). Eighth seminar on migration: Impact of Migration on Social Structures. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 2, Jun 1989. 130-368 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the eighth seminar on migration organized by the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration, held in Geneva, Switzerland, September 13-16, 1988. The subject of the seminar was the impact of migration on social structures. The contributed papers examine the impact of international migration on both countries of origin and destination. Particular attention is given to the effects of migration on family structure. A list of seminar participants is included.
Correspondence: ICM, P.O. Box 71, 1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30500 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel); Israel. Ministry of Immigrant Absorption (Jerusalem, Israel); Jewish Agency. Department of Immigration and Absorption (Jerusalem, Israel). Immigrants from U.S.S.R., 1970-1983: data from the sampling enumeration of the 1983 census of population and housing. Central Bureau of Statistics Special Series, No. 846, Mar 1989. 104, xv pp. Central Bureau of Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
"This publication presents data on immigrants from the U.S.S.R. in the years 1970 to 1983. The data were obtained from the long form of the Census of Population and Housing, 1983, being based on a sample of 20% of the population. The objective of this publication is to investigate the absorption of immigrants from the U.S.S.R. in various areas including work, housing and acquisition of the Hebrew language. The data also make possible comparison in these areas of immigrants who at the time of the census had been in Israel for different lengths of time, i.e., up to 3 years; 4 to 5 years; 6 to 8 years and 9 to 13 years."
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office, P.O.B. 13015, Jerusalem 91130, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30501 Jones, Richard C. Causes of Salvadoran migration to the United States. Geographical Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, Apr 1989. 183-94 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Underlying causes of Salvadoran migration to the United States are conflict related, but controversy continues over whether the immediate motivations are political or economic. Information from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service on department of origin of Salvadorans apprehended between 1982 and 1985 and from news accounts of Salvadoran political violence and economic setbacks are used to determine correlations between migration and political and economic factors. Results suggest that economic setbacks are more important than political violence."
Correspondence: R. C. Jones, Department of Geography, University of Texas, San Antonio, TX 78285-0655. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30502 Kohli, K. L.; Al-Omaim, Musa'ad. Changing patterns of migration in Kuwait. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 32, Jun 1988. 75-94 pp. Baghdad, Iraq. In Eng.
"The economic boom and accelerated developmental programmes in Kuwait in recent years have created a labour market that native Kuwaitis have been unable to fill, with the result that the majority of jobs have been filled by non-nationals from other countries. The paper reveals that in 1985 migrants constituted over 60 per cent of the total population and more than 80 per cent of the labour force. Quinquennial [censuses] provide the main source for this...study on the changing patterns of migration in Kuwait between 1957 and 1985."
Correspondence: M. Al-Omaim, Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Planning, P.O. Box 26188, Safat, Kuwait. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30503 Micklin, Michael; Sly, David F. International population movements and AIDS: patterns, consequences and policy implications. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. WPS 89-57, 1989. 17 pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
The authors examine the relationship between international migration and AIDS. Consideration is given to three types of migrants: permanent movers, temporary residents, and travelers, which are then divided into categories concerning arrivals to or departures from a given country. International migration data are from U.N. official sources for the years 1975, 1985, and 1987. "The AIDS data are based on the number of cases reported to the WHO Global Program on AIDS as of 31 January 1988." Findings indicate that "countries with a high rate of AIDS cases are more likely to be origins for international population movements than are low prevalence countries. Whether the population of movers contains a high or low proportion of HIV infected persons is an open question that cannot be answered on the basis of available data."
Correspondence: Robert H. Weller, Editor, Working Paper Series, Center for the Study of Population, College of Social Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30504 Pellegrino, Adela. International migration of Latin Americans in the Americas. [Migracion internacional de latinoamericanos en las Americas.] [1989?]. 151 pp. Universidad Catolica Andres Bello: Caracas, Venezuela; U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
Data from CELADE for the 1970s and 1980s are used to analyze international migration in Latin America and the Caribbean. Chapters are included on the availability of migration data from the 1980 census round, migration within South America, migration in the Andean and Carribean regions, migration in Central America, and Latin American emigration to the United States and Canada. Consideration is given to the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of migrants.
Correspondence: Universidad Catolica Andres Bello, Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales, Urbanizacion Montalban, La Vega, Apartado 29068, Caracas, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30505 Pessar, Patricia R. When borders don't divide: labor migration and refugee movements in the Americas. ISBN 0-934733-26-0. LC 87-20856. 1988. viii, 220 pp. Center for Migration Studies: Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
This is a selection of papers by various authors presenting original research on aspects of labor migration and refugee flows in the Americas, focusing on research by scholars from the countries concerned. Topics covered include temporary migration from Bolivia to Argentina, the determinants and consequences of migration from St. Kitts-Nevis, the impact of the Venezuelan recession on return migration to Colombia, the loss of skilled workers by Jamaica, the emigration of Argentines to the United States, the integration and employment of Central American refugees, illegal aliens in Belize, and psychological aspects of return migration to Argentina.
Correspondence: Center for Migration Studies, 209 Flagg Place, Staten Island, NY 10304-1199. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30506 Polonsky, M. J.; Scott, D. R.; Suchard, Hazel T. Motivations of South African emigrants. Applied Economics, Vol. 20, Oct 1988. 1,293-315 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Reasons for emigration from South Africa, particularly of professionals, are investigated using data from a recent survey. The authors conclude that although direct fear of potential violence is not a major factor, emigrants are concerned about changes in living standards resulting from economic problems or changes in government structure.
Correspondence: M. J. Polonsky, Department of Business Economics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30507 Ram, Sodhi. Indians in England: why did they emigrate? Population Geography, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1987. 37-44 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
Permanent Indian migrants to England are interviewed to determine their reasons for migration. It is found that the economic factor had the greatest impact on the decision to migrate to England. Specifically, the lack of opportunity for self-advancement and status competition in families and among native Indians within their community of origin encouraged international migration.
Correspondence: S. Ram, Directorate of Correspondence Courses, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30508 Rigg, Jonathan. International contract labor migration and the village economy: the case of Tambon Don Han, Northeastern Thailand. Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 112, ISBN 0-86638-117-1. LC 89-17009. Jul 1989. vii, 66 pp. East-West Center, Population Institute: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This paper examines the causes, process, and impacts of international contract labor migration in three villages in the province of Khon Kaen, Northeastern Thailand. The data are drawn from a semistructured questionnaire conducted among 129 households, supplemented with additional informal survey work. The study demonstrates that the causes and effects of migration can be understood only when the process is placed within its local context."
Correspondence: East-West Population Institute, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30509 Sori, Ercole. Some determinants of Italian migration to France between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. [Alcune determinanti dell'emigrazione italiana in Francia tra Ottocento e Novecento.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 26, No. 93, Mar 1989. 2-21 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author examines the main causes of migration from Italy to France during the late 1800s through 1910. Demographic, geographic, and economic factors are considered with special emphasis on fertility rate comparisons among Italy and France, out- and in-migration flows, and labor migration.
Correspondence: E. Sori, Universita di Ancona, Piazza Roma 22, 60128 Ancona, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30510 Stupp, Paul W. Net migration of the foreign born to the United States by sex and age at migration: 1800-1930. Carolina Population Center Paper, No. 88-29, Oct 1988. 19, 2, [11] pp. University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center: Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"This paper will illustrate the use of a recently developed technique, iterative intracohort interpolation...for estimating age schedules of net migration [to the United States] from pairs of enumerations of the foreign born by age...." The author first describes problems in estimation. He then presents "results obtained when iterative intracohort interpolation was used to estimate numbers of net foreign-born migrants to the United States by sex and age at migration during each intercensal decade between 1880 and 1930."
Correspondence: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30511 Texmon, Inger; Ostby, Lars. The role of migration in population growth in Norway. [Innvandringens betydning for befolkningsutviklingen i Norge.] Rapporter fra Statistisk Sentralbyra, No. 89/4, ISBN 82-537-2723-2. 1989. 55 pp. Statistisk Sentralbyra: Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Nor.
The impact of international migration on population growth in Norway from 1987 to 2050 is examined. Various long- and short-term outcomes using different levels of net migration are considered. The effects on the age structure, the economic consequences of the future age structure, and the regional impact of increased migration to Norway are examined.
Correspondence: Statistisk Sentralbyra, P.B. 8131 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30512 Tribalat, Michele. Immigration in 1987 using data from the Office of International Migration. [Immigration en 1987 d'apres les statistiques de l'OMI.] Population, Vol. 44, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1989. 171-96 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Trends in migration to France in 1987 are reviewed using data from official sources. Separate consideration is given to labor migration, refugees, the repatriation of immigrants to their country of origin, and the demographic impact of immigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30513 Tsai, Hong-Chin. A study on the migration of students from Taiwan to the United States: a summary report. Journal of Population Studies, No. 12, Jun 1989. 91-120 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng. with sum. in Chi.
"The present study attempts to make a broad and comprehensive analysis of the migration processes, problems, and adjustments of...[Taiwanese] students [migrating to the United States] both through examining secondary statistical data and literature, as well as through interviewing these students' family members and close friends in Taiwan. The study covers the demographic characteristics of students from Taiwan in the United States, and their specific migration processes: (1) the formation of motivation for studying abroad, (2) working and living experiences, problems and adjustments, (3) the application for permanent residence and citizenship, (4) marriage, family and general socioeconomic situations, and (5) interaction with family and society of origin....Differentials are analyzed by age, sex, year of departure, degrees held before leaving Taiwan, current degrees, fields of study, occupations, income levels, and parents' birth places."
Correspondence: H.-C. Tsai, Population Studies Center, National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Road IV, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30514 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Investigation of international migration in Latin America. [Investigacion de la migracion internacional en Latinoamerica.] Boletin Demografico/Demographic Bulletin, Vol. 22, No. 43, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/G.74. Jan 1989. 224 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Eng; Spa.
"The principal objective of this Bulletin is to publish demographic information compiled by CELADE, through its IMILA project (Investigation of International Migration in Latin America), on Latin Americans enumerated in the censuses of countries other than their country of birth." Data are primarily from the 1980 census round. The publication contains "tables corresponding to persons born in the 12 countries with the largest immigrant populations for each census, and only certain selected variables such as population by age and sex, period of arrival in the country, level of education attained and labour force characteristics."
Correspondence: CELADE, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30515 Woodrow, Karen A.; Passel, Jeffrey S.; Warren, Robert. Preliminary estimates of undocumented immigration to the United States, 1980-1986: analysis of the June 1986 Current Population Survey. In: American Statistical Association, 1987 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1987]. 256-61 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper draws on data from the June 1986 CPS [U.S. Current Population Survey] to reassess post-1980 growth in the foreign-born population with the residual methodology previously used in Warren and Passel...and Passel and Woodrow....The undocumented population included in the CPS is estimated as the difference between the CPS estimate of the foreign-born population and an independent estimate of the legally resident foreign-born population in the country. This figure is compared with the previous estimates of the undocumented population as of November 1979 and April 1980 to derive estimates of annual change in the size of the undocumented population in the United States."
Correspondence: K. A. Woodrow, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

55:30516 Aragon, Luis E.; Mougeot, Luc J. A. Internal migration in the Amazon region: some theoretical and methodological considerations. [Migracoes internas na Amazonia: contribuicoes teoricas e metodologicas.] Cadernos NAEA, No. 8, LC 88-416317. 1986. 254 pp. Universidade Federal do Para, Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos: Belem, Brazil. In Por.
This is a collection of papers by various authors concerning migration within the Amazon region. Topics considered include migration trends in general, areas of changing migration patterns, and urbanization in the frontier region. Papers are also included on the use of kinship networks to study migration and problems of sampling and categorization of migrants to Rio Bravo. Three case studies on migration in the region are also included.
Correspondence: Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos, Universidade Federal do Pura, Campus Universitario-Guama, Belem, Para 66 000, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30517 Chattopadhyaya, Haraprasad. Internal migration in India: a case study of Bengal. University of Calcutta Department of Modern History Monograph, No. 1, ISBN 81-7074-009-6. LC 88-900232. 1987. ix, 551 pp. K. P. Bagchi: Calcutta, India. In Eng.
Trends in internal migration in India are analyzed, with special reference to Bengal, for the period covering the second half of the nineteenth century to 1931. The study is based on a variety of primary sources. It begins with an analysis of the impact of the rural economy and other factors on migration. Interdistrict and interprovincial migration are described. The author then considers urbanization, with emphasis on the role of Calcutta. Chapters are also included on white-collar migration and the migration of Santals.
Correspondence: K. P. Bagchi, 286 B. B. Ganguli Street, Calcutta 700 012, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30518 Domanski, Henryk; Witkowski, Janusz. Socio-occupational structure and social and spatial mobility in Poland. [Struktura spoleczno-zawodowa a ruchliwosc spoleczna i przestrzenna ludnosci w Polsce.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 283, 1989. 244 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This work is in two parts. In the first part, by Henryk Domanski, the impact of migration on the social and occupational status of migrants in Poland is examined. Data are from a national sample survey of households conducted in 1983 that included information on 2,065 recent migrants. In the second section, by Janusz Witkowski, the effects of migration on occupational status and income are analyzed. Data are from a national study on living conditions in Poland conducted in 1982 that included details on 1,694 recent migrants. The results indicate that migration is not universally beneficial to migrants, but it is particularly beneficial to males and to migrants moving from one urban area to another.
Correspondence: Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii, Al. Niepodlegosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30519 Foot, David K.; Milne, William J. Multiregional estimation of gross internal migration flows. International Regional Science Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1989. 29-43 pp. Morgantown, West Virginia. In Eng.
"A multiregional model of gross internal migration flows is presented in this article. The interdependence of economic factors across all regions is recognized by imposing a non-stochastic adding-up constraint that requires total inmigration to equal total outmigration in each time period. An iterated system estimation technique is used to obtain asymptotically consistent and efficient parameter estimates. The model is estimated for gross migration flows among the Canadian provinces over the period 1962-86 and then is used to examine the likelihood of a wash-out effect in net migration models. The results indicate that previous approaches that use net migration equations may not always be empirically justified."
Correspondence: D. K. Foot, Department of Economics, University of Toronto, 140 St. George Street, Toronto M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30520 Grundmann, Siegfried; Schmidt, Ines. Residential mobility: economic and social aspects of migration. [Wohnortwechsel: volkswirtschaftliche und soziale Aspekte der Migration.] Schriftenreihe Soziologie, ISBN 3-320-01103-0. LC 88-163271. 1988. 179 pp. Dietz: Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Ger.
Economic and social aspects of internal migration in the German Democratic Republic are analyzed, and a theory of migration is developed. Chapters are included on the general function and specific mechanisms of territorial mobility; migration characteristics, including volume, direction, social structure, net migration, and the effects of migration; and causes of migration and policy measures.
Correspondence: Dietz Verlag Berlin, Wallstrasse 76-79, Postfach 273, DDR-1020, Berlin, German Democratic Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30521 Haberkorn, Gerald. Undoing migration myths in Melanesia: application of a dialectic migration analysis. In: Micro-approaches to demographic research, edited by John C. Caldwell, Allan G. Hill, and Valerie J. Hull. 1988. 396-409 pp. Kegan Paul International: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author analyzes survey methodology as a means of studying migration and presents the method of dialectic migration analysis as an alternative. "Acknowledging the complexity of a social process such as migration, my research of contemporary Vanuatu migration focused on the following four levels of analysis: the historical setting and development of mobility patterns; the contemporary social, political and economic setting of mobility; the situation of mobility; [and] the phenomenology of mobility."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30522 Hattingh, P. S. A model of adaptive population migration in South Africa. Journal of Population Studies, No. 12, Jun 1989. 187-213 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
"In this paper a largely descriptive model of adaptive migration in South African society is presented. In explaining the model and to draw tentative conclusions the paper addresses three recent movements, the first two stemming from policy changes and the other evolutionary in nature." Socioeconomic, political, ethnic, and age differentials in internal migration are also examined.
Correspondence: P. S. Hattingh, Department of Geography, University of Pretoria, Brooklyn, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30523 Heffernan, Michael J. Literacy and geographical mobility in nineteenth century provincial France: some evidence from the departement of Ille-et-Vilaine. Local Population Studies, No. 42, Spring 1989. 32-42 pp. Matlock, England. In Eng.
"Using evidence from Ille-et-Vilaine, a departement in western France, this paper examines whether improved literacy and increases in the levels of geographical mobility during the nineteenth century were in fact related." The author analyzes sex differentials in literacy rates and migration patterns as well as differences between urban and rural literacy levels.
Correspondence: M. J. Heffernan, Loughborough University of Technology, Leicester LE11 3TU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30524 Hugo, Graeme. Micro-approaches to the study of population movement: an Indonesian case study. In: Micro-approaches to demographic research, edited by John C. Caldwell, Allan G. Hill, and Valerie J. Hull. 1988. 376-95 pp. Kegan Paul International: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"This chapter demonstrates that the micro-approach to demographic research has much to offer the student of migration, and argues that this approach can yield greater understanding of population mobility and its complex two-way relation with socio-economic change, as well as with other demographic processes. These issues are exemplified through a detailed study of fourteen villages in West Java, Indonesia."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30525 Kim, Joochul. China's modernizations, reforms and mobile population. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1988. 595-608 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger; Spa.
"Since 1949, China has dealt with problems of an unbalanced distribution of population and a great contradiction of production activities between cities and countryside. Recent reforms, however, are changing all areas of life in China. The growth of major urban centres has been limited, while a much more relaxed population movement between urban and rural areas is allowed. This paper provides a brief history of China's national development and assesses the current reforms and their impacts on...population mobility in the post-Mao era."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30526 Kok, P. C. Migration decisions: an empirical application of the value expectancy model to South African whites. [Migrasiebesluitneming: 'n empiriese toepassing van di waardeverwagtingsmodel op Suid-Afrikaanse blankes.] Verslag/Report, No. S-180, ISBN 0-7969-0700-5. 1988. xiv, 287 pp. Human Sciences Research Council: Pretoria, South Africa. In Afr. with sum. in Eng.
Factors affecting the decision of whites in South Africa to migrate are analyzed. Two models are used in the analysis, the value-expectancy model developed by De Jong and Fawcett, and the residential-satisfaction model developed by Speare. The results confirm the usefulness of the value-expectancy model, as well as the key role of residential satisfaction in the migration decision. The simulation model developed in the study is designed as a contribution to town and regional planning in South Africa.
Correspondence: Human Sciences Research Council, Private Bag X41, Pretoria 1000, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30527 Korel', L. V.; Tapilina, V. S.; Trofimov, V. A. Migration and housing. [Migratsiya i zhilishche.] ISBN 5-02-029109-9. 1988. 253 pp. Nauka, Sibirskoe Otdelenie: Novosibirsk, USSR. In Rus.
Some theoretical issues concerning the role of housing in the process of migration and population redistribution in the Soviet Union are addressed. A typology of oblasts and autonomous regions with regard to migration is presented. For each type identified, a regression model is developed to analyze the migration process. Particular attention is given to the migration patterns of the urban population of Western Siberia.
Correspondence: Nauka, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, U1. Sovetskaya 18, 630099 Novosibirsk, Russian SFSR, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30528 Langerne Redei, Maria. Experimental models for regional migration flows. [A teruleti migracios aramlasok modellezesi kiserletei.] Demografiai Modszertani Fuzetei, No. 4, LC 87-425614. 1986. 168 pp. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Nepessegtudomanyi Kutato Intezet: Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
A model that applies probability methods to time-series data is used to study migration patterns in Hungary in 1982. The model is first utilized to identify problems with the original data. Future internal migration trends are then projected up to the year 1997, and changes in age-specific migration over time are examined. The author discusses how the results can be integrated with other demographic data to improve the accuracy of population projections.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly U.5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:30529 Ledent, J.; Liaw, K.-L. Provincial out-migration patterns of Canadian elderly: characterization and explanation. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 21, No. 8, Aug 1989. 1,093-111 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Interprovincial migration patterns of Canada's elderly are examined and compared with their nonelderly counterparts, by using data from Revenue Canada's income tax file for a fifteen-year period (1966/67-1980/81)." The results indicate that departure rates and patterns of destination choice are broadly similar for both groups, although "destination choice of the elderly was relatively sensitive...to environmental factors, whereas that of the nonelderly was relatively sensitive to labor-market variables...."
Correspondence: J. Ledent, University of Quebec, INRS-Urbanisation, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2C6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30530 Liaw, Kao-Lee; Ledent, Jacques. Joint effects of ecological and personal factors on elderly interprovincial migration in Canada. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 77-100, 198 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper analyzes the joint effects of ecological and personal factors on elderly migration in Canada in the late 1970s, using information on migration and personal factors extracted from the individual file of the 1981 Public Use Sample. Our focus on elderly Canadians stems from the expectation that the Canadian population will continue to age rapidly over the next three decades and that the elderly's demand for services (for example, health care and income maintenance) will expand rapidly as a consequence. Some of these services are clearly location-specific and should be matched to the changing distribution of the elderly population, which is, of course, affected by geographic mobility."
Correspondence: K.-L. Liaw, Department of Geography, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30531 Liaw, Kao-Lee. Mobility and migration schedules of the Canadian population by selected personal factors. QSEP Research Report, No. 237, Sep 1988. 52 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper describes and characterizes a large number of mobility and migration schedules constructed for six personal factors from the data in the Public Use Sample of the 1981 census of Canada. The personal factors are sex, mother tongue, education, marital status, nativity and family type. For each personal attribute, a schedule is constructed for each of the following types of relocation: intramunicipal moves, intracounty migrations, intercounty migrations and interprovincial migrations."
Correspondence: Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Faculty of Social Sciences, Mcmaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30532 Madan, Ashok K. Interregional migration of the Canadian elderly. In: American Statistical Association, 1987 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1987]. 393-5 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to compare interregional migration flows of the Canadian elderly for 1981 and 1986. The flow data were obtained from the Old Age Security statistics" and were applied to a stochastic model. Results indicate that migration flows of the Canadian elderly have changed over time but that the structure of migration has remained stable.
Correspondence: A. K. Madan, Institute for Market and Social Analysis, 18 Madison Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M1P 4S9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30533 Maffenini, Walter. Migration, migrants, and multiple migrations. [Migrazioni, migranti e migrazioni multiple.] Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vol. 96, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1988. 494-519 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
Data from the Italian census of 1981 and from vital statistics for the period 1977-1981 are analyzed using Courgeau's model and two migratory indexes, one of migratory stability and one of migratory circularity. Results show that different types of migratory behavior predominate in the major geographic regions of Italy. Individuals in the north-central region show a tendency either to not migrate or, if they do migrate, not to return, while those in the south are more inclined to leave and subsequently return.
Correspondence: W. Maffenini, Istituto di Scienze e Matematiche Marcello Boldrini, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30534 Marr, William L.; Millerd, Frank W. Migration and the employment status of married women. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 119-32, 198-9 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors examine the relationship between migration and wife's employment in Canadian families. "The results presented here suggest that the labour market experience of migrant wives, at least in the short term, is difficult. Despite having an employment rate of 42.1 percent in the month before they moved, the employment rate fell to 25.1 percent in the month after migration. There is also an indication that wives in families with young children have the least chance of being employed after migration. After some time at their destination, migrant wives do enjoy an improvement in their employment rate." Wife's educational level was found to be an important determinant of post-migration employment status. Data are from the 1981 Canadian census and Statistics Canada's Current Population Profile for 1976-1982.
Correspondence: W. L. Marr, Department of Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30535 Mueser, Peter. The spatial structure of migration: an analysis of flows between states in the USA over three decades. Regional Studies, Vol. 23, No. 3, Jun 1989. 185-200 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"Migration flows between states in the [United States] over three decades are analysed using a general spatial interaction model. The role of geographic distance and a more general distance conception are examined, as is the stability of the spatial structure over time. Results imply that although migration structures reflect geographic distance, other stable factors, reflecting idiosyncratic ties between locations, are important as well. This suggests that the common practice in migration research of ignoring spatial structure to focus on individual locations is misleading. The particular ties between locations cannot be ignored in examining total migration at a location at one point in time. In examining changes over time, however, we can limit consideration to the relative draw and sending effects at each location because the spatial structure is quite stable over extended periods."
Correspondence: P. Mueser, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30536 Mueser, Peter R. Measuring the impact of locational characteristics on migration: interpreting cross-sectional analyses. Demography, Vol. 26, No. 3, Aug 1989. 499-513 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The author discusses methods of measuring the impact of locational characteristics on U.S. migrants' choices of destination. "Methods that employ cross-sectional data to analyze the impact of locational characteristics on migration decisions may produce seriously biased results because migrant decisions at any one point in time reflect historical as well as contemporaneous forces. A comparison of results based on a typical cross-sectional analysis and those obtained with longitudinal data shows that these issues are of empirical importance. An alternative interpretation of the results of cross-sectional migration analyses is provided."
Correspondence: P. R. Mueser, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30537 Mueser, Peter R.; White, Michael J.; Tierney, Joseph P. Patterns of net migration by age for U.S. counties 1950-1980: the impact of increasing spatial differentiation by life cycle. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 57-75, 197-8 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper, we investigate net migration by age for U.S. counties for each decade over the period 1950-80. Our approach focuses on the diversity of county experience in light of increased migration to nonmetropolitan areas in the 1970s and the accelerated movement from the older northern industrial states to the South and West. Our analysis will examine patterns separately for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, as well as differences across regions. We wish to shed light on the processes associated with the new migration trends and, in particular, on the extent to which the patterns reflect an increased specialization by counties in amenities and services associated with different periods of an individual's life cycle."
Correspondence: P. R. Mueser, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30538 Shrestha, Nanda R. Frontier settlement and landlessness among hill migrants in Nepal Tarai. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 79, No. 3, Sep 1989. 370-89 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Frontier migration in Nepal is analyzed, with a focus on its impact on hill migrants in the Tarai region. This type of migration is defined as the move to outlying areas in search of land. Data are from a field survey and participant observations conducted in 1979-1980. The results indicate "that the ability of frontier migration and settlement to serve as a channel of upward mobility is selective and largely determined by migrants' previous socioeconomic positions."
Correspondence: N. R. Shrestha, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin, Whitewater, WI 53190. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30539 Subedi, Bhim P. Continuity and change in population movement: the case of Nepal. Population Geography, Vol. 10, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1988. 28-41 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author examines internal migration in Nepal, comparing historical population movements with contemporary migration patterns. The impacts of geographic factors and natural resource availability on migration are emphasized.
Correspondence: B. P. Subedi, Department of Geography, University of Hawaii, 2444 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30540 Termote, Marc. The induced demographic impact of interprovincial migration in Canada, 1976-1981. [L'impact demographique induit des migrations interprovinciales au Canada, 1976-1981.] Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 101-17, 194 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Migration is much more than a simple transfer of individuals from one region to another....It also implies a transfer of 'years to be lived' and 'children to be born'. Rogers' multidimensional demographic model allows one to measure such an induced impact. The results obtained show that, in the case of interprovincial migration in Canada, this induced impact is far from being proportional to the direct impact in terms of individuals transferred."
Correspondence: M. Termote, INRS-Urbanisation, Universite du Quebec, 3465 rue Durocher, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2C6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30541 Vanderkamp, John; Grant, E. Kenneth. Canadian internal migration statistics: some comparisons and evaluations. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 9-32, 197 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The purpose of this paper "is to discuss some of the major sources of existing [Canadian] internal migration data, especially interprovincial migration data, and to provide some comparisons and evaluations of the various data sets. The analysis will relate to gross migration rates, correlations of migration matrices, net-gross migration ratios, and net impact measures, and it will also include specific case studies of the migration experience of some Canadian provinces in the last few decades."
Correspondence: J. Vanderkamp, Department of Economics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30542 Velichkin, V. Yu.; Molodikova, I. N.; Mnatsakanyan, R. A. Geographical characteristics of migration linkages in the Moscow capital region. Soviet Geography, Vol. 30, No. 5, May 1989. 353-8 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"A study of migration processes in the Moscow Capital Region over the period 1970-1985 begins by assessing their contribution to overall population growth within the region vis-a-vis natural increase and territorial and administrative changes. Attention then is turned toward movements both within the Moscow Capital Region and between it and other oblasts of the European RSFSR. Although the overall volume of migration within the Moscow capital Region and between it and remaining oblasts of the European RSFSR declined, the relative popularity of the former as a destination among migrants in European Russia remained unchanged."
This is a translation of the Russian article in Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Geografiya (Moscow, USSR), No. 5, 1988, pp. 31-5.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30543 Wilson, Franklin D.; Tienda, Marta. Migration and work: a comparative ethnic analysis. CDE Working Paper, No. 89-3, [1989]. 31, [12] pp. University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"This paper assesses the employment effects of migration [in the United States] among ethnic groups, using data from two time periods--one during which labor markets were relatively tight (1965-70) and another when labor markets were relatively slack (1975-80). Specifically, we address the questions of whether migration increases the likelihood of employment among the nonemployed, and whether the likelihood of employment following migration is similar for blacks, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and non-Hispanic whites. The [findings] indicate that among the native-born population, and excepting non-Hispanic white chronic movers in 1970, migration did not increase the likelihood of becoming employed, even for the college educated. On the other hand, the foreign-born and the foreign-born who migrated between 1975 and 1980 increased their likelihood of being employed by at least 10 percent."
This paper was originally presented at the 1989 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. For more information, see the abstracts to PAA papers at the beginning of this issue.
Correspondence: University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 4412 Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30544 Witte, Lothar. Internal migrants and the labor market in Tijuana, Baja California. [Migrantes internos y mercado de trabajo en Tijuana, Baja California.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 3, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1988. 507-35, 610-1 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the situation of internal migrants in the labor market in Tijuana, Mexico, using data for 672 families surveyed in 1982. Migrants' experiences are compared with those of the native population and are analyzed in terms of region of origin and previous labor experience. The impact of the relative development of migrants' place of origin is also considered. It is found that in general, migration in the region tends to resemble that occuring in industrialized countries more than that taking place in developing countries.
Correspondence: L. Witte, Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Godesberger Allee 149, 5300 Bonn 2, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30545 Yuan, Yihua. A study of the contemporary population migration in the People's Republic of China. Population Research Laboratory Discussion Paper, No. 59, May 1989. 9 pp. University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Population Research Laboratory: Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
Characteristics of internal migration in China are described using data from a 1987 survey conducted in Shandong province. The author examines the volume of migration, types of migration, reasons for migration, and migrant characteristics. The results show that rural-urban migration is predominant.
Correspondence: Population Research Laboratory, Department of Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

55:30546 Bulcha, Mekuria. Flight and integration: causes of mass exodus from Ethiopia and problems of integration in the Sudan. ISBN 91-7106-279-3. 1988. 256 pp. Scandinavian Institute of African Studies: Uppsala, Sweden. Distributed by Almqvist and Wiksell. In Eng.
This study concerns the forced migration of refugees from Ethiopia and their problems in resettlement in the Sudan. The author examines the root causes of the conflicts in Ethiopia that are producing refugees, their immediate reasons for migration, the process of transformation from citizen to refugee, and the problems refugees face integrating into a new society. Data are from both primary and secondary sources, including a survey conducted in 1981 and 1983 of 413 randomly selected households.
Correspondence: Almqvist and Wiksell International, PO Box 638, S-101 28 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30547 Schultheis, Michael J. A symposium: refugees in Africa--the dynamics of displacement and repatriation. African Studies Review, Vol. 32, No. 1, Apr 1989. 1-69 pp. Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
This issue contains three papers from a symposium on refugees in Africa. The focus is on forced displacement, with particular reference to Southern Africa. The second paper evaluates educational programs for refugees and returnees in Uganda. The third paper examines repatriation.
Correspondence: African Studies Association, Credit Union Building, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30548 Wood, William B. Long time coming: the repatriation of Afghan refugees. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 79, No. 3, Sep 1989. 345-69 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author examines the repatriation of more than five million refugees from Afghanistan. "This paper focuses on four repatriation variables: the number of returning refugees and displaced persons, military and public stability, infrastructural conditions, and agricultural productivity." Data are from a variety of sources.
Correspondence: W. B. Wood, Office of the Geographer, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. 20520. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

55:30549 Hetler, Carol B. The impact of circular migration on a village economy. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, Apr 1989. 53-75 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The author examines the economy of a rural village in Indonesia in which a high proportion of households rely on remittances from urban informal sector earnings. Household income and per capita income are analyzed according to whether or not households have at least one temporary migrant, and by the sex and age of the household head. Findings indicate that "remittances from short-term circular migration push many households into the middle and upper income ranges. However, the wealthiest households continue to rely on traditional high earning activities and do not depend on remittances. The poorest households are scattered among those who rely on remittances and those still totally dependent upon traditional low earning village activities, regardless of the sex and age of the household head."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:30550 Oliveira-Roca, Maria. Commuting of workers to the city of Zagreb--a contribution to the typology of spatial mobility. [Cirkulacija radnika u Zagreb--prilog tipologiji prostorne pokretljivosti.] Sociologija Sela, Vol. 24, No. 91-94, 1986. 31-53 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author studies trends in commuting to the city of Zagreb in Croatia, Yugoslavia. Commuter surveys and bivariate analysis are used to describe the socioeconomic level, occupational status, transportation method, and place of residence of rural and urban residents who commute to the city.
Correspondence: M. Oliveira-Roca, Institute for Social Research, University of Zagreb, Trg Marsala Tita 14, POB 815, 4100 Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Location: Columbia University Library, New York, NY.

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

55:30551 Campbell, Eugene K. Rural urban migration and rural development interrelations in West Africa: some obstacles to goal achievement. African Urban Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 1-2, Jan-May 1988. 34-49 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
"This paper provides an appraisal of studies on internal migration with implications for rural development in West Africa. There exists a general idea that rural development should have inhibiting effects on internal migration. But migration decisions tend to react positively, and not negatively, to development processes. It is, therefore, suggested here that the migration/rural development hypothesis is likely to hold in the short term, but will fail to stand the test of time over long periods." The author suggests that countries focus on achieving national development as a whole, rather than concentrating on rural development.
Correspondence: E. K. Campbell, Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Ghana, P.O. Box 96, Legon, Ghana. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30552 Field, Neil C. Migration through the rural-urban hierarchy: Canadian patterns. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue Canadienne des Sciences Regionales, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 1988. 33-56, 197 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The objective in this study has been to produce...a comprehensive inventory and analysis of the transfer of Canada's population between the rural and urban sectors and of the pattern of population exchange between the various levels of the urban hierarchy. The hierarchical exchanges have been investigated both for Canada's rural-urban system in the aggregate and for the regional subsystems operating within each of the five major geographic divisions of the nation: the Atlantic Region, Quebec, Ontario, the Prairies, and British Columbia. Differences in the pattern of movement through the hierarchy have also been explored for age-specific groups of the population, including young adults, the middle-aged, and the elderly." Data are from the 1976 Canadian census and cover the period 1971-1976.
Correspondence: N. C. Field, Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30553 Kaistha, Keshav C. Outmigration patterns in development transition of rural areas. Population Geography, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1987. 25-36 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"Using a broadened concept of migration, this paper maintains that the patterns of outmigration vary a great deal when the level of development of a rural area is treated as an independent variable. The study shows that in the development transition of rural areas from low to high level, the overall outmigration increases; while commuting increases positively, migration involving permanent change in residence first increases and then slackens at [a] higher level of development." Data are from three villages in rural India, each at a different level of development.
Correspondence: K. C. Kaistha, Department of Sociology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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