Volume 55 - Number 3 - Fall 1989

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

55:30060 Lo, C. P. Recent spatial restructuring in Zhujiang Delta, South China: a study of socialist regional development strategy. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 79, No. 2, Jun 1989. 293-308 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper is a study of the impacts of rural reforms on spatial structure in China, using Zhujiang Delta in South China as an example." Consideration is given to the effects of the open-door policy, Chinese spatial policy objectives, economic restructuring, demographic change, and urban development.
Correspondence: C. P. Lo, Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

55:30061 Bairoch, Paul; Batou, Jean; Chevre, Pierre. The population of European cities. Data bank and short summary of results: 800-1850. [La population des villes europeennes. Banque de donnees et analyse sommaire des resultats: 800-1850.] Publications du Centre d'Histoire Economique Internationale de l'Universite de Geneve, No. 2, 1988. xix, 336 pp. Librairie Droz: Geneva, Switzerland; Universite de Geneve, Centre d'Histoire Economique Internationale: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
"The chief purpose of the present publication is to provide readers interested in urban history with a data bank in which are collected the available figures for the population development of some 2,200 European cities which have had, at some time between 800 and 1800, 5,000 or more inhabitants." The work is in four parts, the first being the data bank itself, containing information on alternative names, sources, and maps. Trends in urbanization from 1300 to 1800 are then analyzed. A series of methodological appendixes and an index of primary and alternative names of cities are also included.
Correspondence: Librairie Droz, 11 rue Massot, Geneva, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30062 Brueckner, Jan K. Analysing third-world urbanization: a theoretical model with empirical evidence. College of Commerce and Business Administration Faculty Working Paper, No. 1389, Sep 1987. 39 pp. University of Illinois, College of Commerce and Business Administration: Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper proposes and tests a simple model of third-world urbanization. The theoretical framework results from imbedding the urban economist's monocentric city model in an economy experiencing rural-urban migration. When urban and rural real incomes are set equal to guarantee migration equilibrium, an equilibrium city size is determined by the model. This city size depends on a variety of variables describing the urban and rural sectors of the economy. To test the model, urbanization measures and urban growth rates are regressed on these variables using cross section data from a small number of third world countries."
Correspondence: Department of Economics, College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30063 Costa, Frank J.; Dutt, Ashok K.; Ma, Laurence J. C.; Noble, Allen G. Urbanization in Asia: spatial dimensions and policy issues. ISBN 0-8248-1151-8. LC 88-29519. 1989. ix, 412 pp. University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
This book is a product of the International Conference on Asian Urbanization, held in Akron, Ohio, in April 1985. It contains 20 papers, including an initial description of trends and prospects and a review of the literature. Country-specific reviews are then presented for India, Pakistan, China, and Taiwan. The remaining papers are grouped under the general headings of regional and metropolitan effects of urbanization, case studies in urban development, and issues and policies for urban development.
Correspondence: University of Hawaii Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, HI 96822. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30064 De Smidt, Marc. A new profile of urbanization. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 80, No. 2, 1989. 69-74 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
Trends in urbanization in developed countries over the past four decades are analyzed. "Particular attention is given to the process of counterurbanization, and the recent reversal of this population trend has been highlighted. The recent developments in the fortunes of cities also entail a need for new classifications. These are obviously necessary in order to analyze the restructuring of the economic base and to foresee the emergence of new social categories on labour and housing markets in urban regions."
Correspondence: M. De Smidt, Department of Geography, University of Utrecht, P.O. Box 80.115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30065 Erviti Diaz, Beatriz. Urbanization and human settlement in Cuba. [Urbanizacion y asentamientos humanos en Cuba.] CEDEM Serie Monografica, No. 23, 1989. 38, [5] pp. Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demograficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
The urban system of Cuba is described. Specifically, the author discusses Havana and its relation to the network of other urban centers, the growth of the urban population, changes in the urban network, and the effects of the revolution on urban trends.
Correspondence: CEDEM, Universidad de la Habana, Avenida 41, Numero 2003 entre 20 y 22, Playa, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30066 Erviti, Beatriz. The urbanization of Latin America: a historical interpretation, present levels and trends, and regional differences. [La urbanizacion de America Latina: interpretacion historica, niveles y patrones actuales y diferencias regionales.] CEDEM Serie Monografica, No. 21, 1989. 61, [1] pp. Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demograficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
A brief discussion of the history of Latin American urbanization and its place in present and future world urbanization is first presented. The author then examines Latin American urbanization in detail, including levels, trends, and marginality. Finally, a classification of 20 Latin American countries is developed according to urbanization levels and dynamics.
Correspondence: CEDEM, Universidad de la Habana, Avenida 41, Numero 2003 entre 20 y 22, Playa, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30067 Ganev, Christo. The urban process and the appearance of agglomerations in Bulgaria. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 1-2, 1989. 17-22 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper presents a historical overview of urbanization in Bulgaria. Up to the end of World War II, Bulgaria remained a largely rural dominated nation in which agriculture contributed about 80% of the national income. Postwar reconstruction, especially in the farm sector, has caused dramatic changes in the national settlement structure. Contemporary urbanization processes, specifically the formation of urban agglomerations, exert widespread effects throughout Bulgaria since it is a relatively small nation."
Correspondence: C. Ganev, Department of Population and Settlements, University of Sofia, Ruski Street 15, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:30068 Kilbourne, Barbara J.; Berry, Brian J. L. West African urbanization: where Tolley's model fails. Urban Geography, Vol. 10, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1989. 1-18 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to investigate urbanization in West Africa using a model proposed by Tolley. Pribadi and Berry developed this model, then successfully tested it on Indonesia. Our analysis shows the model fails to explain West African urbanization when applied to individual nations. The performance of the model improves when applied on a regional scale, because at this scale migration is internalized. Despite the improved fit, much of the rapid urbanization in some nations remains unexplained by the model, suggesting the importance of other incentives, such as the pull of primate cities and the push from drought and changing environmental conditions."
For the study by Krishna N. Pribadi and Brian J. L. Berry, published in 1986, see 54:10086.
Correspondence: B. J. Kilbourne, School of Social Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75083. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30069 Kit, Kwok Kwan; Yee, Kate Van Kit; Singh, Harbans; Fernandes, Brenda. The components of urban growth in Peninsular Malaysia, 1970-1980. [Komponen-komponen bagi pertumbuhan bandar di Semenanjung Malaysia, 1970-1980.] Kajian Mengenai Subjek Demografi dan Penduduk/Studies on Demographic and Population Subjects, No. 4, Mar 1988. viii, 61 pp. Jabatan Perangkaan: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In Eng; Mal.
Urban growth trends in Malaysia are analyzed based on data from the 1970 and 1980 censuses. "This report attempts to decompose urban growth in Peninsular Malaysia and in the states within Peninsular Malaysia into the main components of growth, namely, natural increase, migration and net reclassification. The methodology used as well as the estimates of magnitudes of the different components of urban growth are presented."
Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, HI.

55:30070 Korcelli, Piotr. Migration and urbanization--interactions, factors, and spatial patterns. [Migracje i urbanizacja--wspolzaleznosci, uwarunkowania, uklady przestrzenne.] Ekonomista, No. 1, 1987. 145-56 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The impact of internal migration on urbanization is considered. The author first examines the changing relationship between in-migration and natural increase in the growth of an urban population over time. Also considered is the relationship between interurban migration and the size of towns in the context of urban hierarchies. The final section examines the age structure of migrants to urban areas. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:30071 Krishan, Gopal. National capital region of India: a case of metropolitan growth management. Population Geography, Vol. 10, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1988. 73-91 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author examines the process of urbanization in Delhi, India's National Capital Region. An urban plan for the metropolitan area that emphasizes decentralization is assessed, and the spatial distribution of the population is described. The central city, suburban areas, and transportation and communication systems that link them are also considered.
Correspondence: G. Krishan, Department of Geography, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, Union Territory, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30072 Kundu, Amitabh. National Commission on Urbanisation: issues and non-issues. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 24, No. 21, May 27, 1989. 1,185-8 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The author analyzes the final report of India's National Commission on Urbanisation, with a focus on factors underlying public criticism of the report. The Commission's recommendations for urban policy are discussed. The author concludes that "the commission's recommendations will have the effect of accentuating the segmentation of our cities into rich and poor localities and tilting the flow of resources further in favour of the former."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:30073 Ma, Laurence J. C. Mainland China's urban population and urbanization level. Journal of Population Studies, No. 12, Jun 1989. 1-27 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses urbanization in the People's Republic of China and problems in data analysis "due to the lack of standardized and well-defined terms for the urban settlements and urban population on the mainland. This paper clarifies the relationship between geographic units and demographic data, identifies the major types of urban population and their characteristics, explains the reasons for the differing levels of urbanization revealed in various data sources, and presents a comprehensive data series on mainland China's urbanization that best approximates reality."
Correspondence: L. J. C. Ma, Department of Geography, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30074 Mehta, Merra; Mehta, Dinesh. Priorities in urban planning and National Commission on Urbanisation. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 24, No. 21, May 27, 1989. 1,178-84 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
This is a critique of the final report issued in August 1988 by India's first National Commission on Urbanisation (NCU). The authors find that "the published report in two volumes has many glaring deficiencies....Although the NCU's report does have an extensive coverage of issues, the policies and programmes are neither as explicit nor always the 'most relevant'. At times, important concerns have been simply ignored. We discuss some of these...." Issues discussed include the spatial structure of urbanization; urban poverty; land and housing; and planning, finance, and management of urban settlements.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:30075 Oberai, A. S. Problems of urbanisation and growth of large cities in developing countries: a conceptual framework for policy analysis. Population and Labour Policies Programme Working Paper, No. 169, ISBN 92-2-107035-2. Apr 1989. 60 pp. International Labour Office [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This paper attempts to provide a conceptual framework for the analysis of economic and demographic issues facing large cities in developing countries. It includes chapters on urbanization and spatial concentration; the relationships among urban growth, employment, and poverty; and urban poverty, access to housing and basic social services, and resource mobilization.
For a related study by Ajit Singh, also published in 1989, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: ILO Publications, International Labour Office, Route des Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30076 Parr, J. B.; O'Neill, G. J. Aspects of the lognormal function in the analysis of regional population distribution. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 21, No. 7, Jul 1989. 961-73 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The spatial structure of population within a metropolitan-area-based region is approached via the population density function, in much the same way as has been undertaken for a city or metropolitan area....The concern in the balance of the paper is with certain properties lognormal form....Consideration is given first to properties based on density. The population form of the lognormal function is then derived, and properties based on population are examined. Attention is also given to relationships among density-based and population-based properties." The approach is illustrated using data for London, England, for the period 1971-1981.
Correspondence: J. B. Parr, Department of Social and Economic Research, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RT, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

55:30077 Patarra, Neide L.; Baeninger, Rosana. Sao Paulo: population and people. [Sao Paulo: povigente, povovigente, povo e gente.] Textos NEPO, No. 15, 1988. 92 pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Campinas, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between socioeconomic development and the demographic transition in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is explored for the period from 1900 to the present. Consideration is given to the family, internal and international migration, and the impact of culture and ideology on the role of women. Current and probable future developments are explored.
Correspondence: NEPO, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6166, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30078 Pumain, Denise; Saint-Julien, Therese; Beguin, Michele. Atlas of French cities. [Atlas des villes de France.] Collection Dynamiques des Territoires, ISBN 2-11-002189-6. 1989. 175 pp. RECLUS: Montpellier, France; Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
Socioeconomic characteristics of the French urban network are analyzed using data in map form. Chapters are included on urban dynamics, population characteristics, economic activities, centralization and networks, employment, income, housing, and quality of life.
Correspondence: Documentation Francaise, 29-31 quai Voltaire, 75340 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30079 Schiffer, Robert L. The exploding city. ISBN 0-312-02361-8. LC 88-11596. 1989. xv, 206 pp. St. Martin's Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is primarily a photographic essay on population growth and change in nine of the world's major cities. "The pictures taken in the nine cities we visited try to show how this transition is touching the lives of the people involved at various stages of the human life cycle. The text tries to put what is happening to them into perspective, providing general background on the explosion and, we hope, answering a few questions about it." The authors also draw on materials from two international conferences on urbanization organized by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1980 and 1986.
Correspondence: St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30080 Sharma, Pitamber. Urbanization in Nepal. Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 110, ISBN 0-86638-115-5. LC 89-11878. May 1989. ix, 162 pp. East-West Center, Population Institute: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This paper draws mainly on census data to document and analyze the patterns, processes, and characteristics of urbanization and urban growth in the predominantly agricultural and underdeveloped situation in Nepal." Chapters are included on urbanization and urban growth from 1952 to 1984, the distribution of the urban population by size class of urban centers, components of urban growth, urban population characteristics, the evolution of an urban system, and urbanization and migration policy.
Correspondence: East-West Population Institute, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30081 Singh, Ajit. Urbanisation, poverty and employment: the large metropolis in the third world. Population and Labour Policies Programme Working Paper, No. 165, ISBN 92-2-106878-1. Apr 1989. 42 pp. International Labour Office [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This is the first in a planned series concerned with problems of urbanization and the growth of large cities in the developing world. The present study identifies major policy issues and suggests priority areas for ILO's research program. The two substantive sections focus on urbanization, poverty, and employment and on the structural characteristics of urbanization and economic development.
For a related study by A. S. Oberai, also published in 1989, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: ILO Publications, International Labour Office, Route des Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:30082 Zhang, Xiangming; Shen, Binhua. Developing cities of medium size and urbanization. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 2, 1987. 19-22 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The importance of developing medium-sized cities in China's urbanization process is outlined. The authors compare the relative capacity of medium- and small-sized cities to absorb rural-urban migrants. They also compare the economic efficiency of large- and medium-sized cities. They conclude that future urbanization policy should focus on the development of medium-sized cities.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

55:30083 Singh, Sukhbir. Distributional pattern of the major agricultural communities (Ahirs, Gujars, Jats and Rajputs) in their traditional abode of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. Population Geography, Vol. 10, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1988. 1-17 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author examines the rural spatial distribution patterns in four main agricultural communities of India and Pakistan. Using 1931 census data to project 1988 population figures, a comparison is offered among ethnic relationships, religious backgrounds, castes, and migration patterns. The current socio-political status of these agricultural populations is also discussed.
Correspondence: S. Singh, Chief Minister's Office, Haryana, Chandigarh, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1989-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.