Volume 55 - Number 2 - Summer 1989

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

55:20687 Cliquet, Robert L. A sociobiological legitimation of population policy in demographically post-transitional society. In: Demographie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: vier Jahrzehnte Statistik, Forschung und Politikberatung. Festschrift fur Karl Schwarz, edited by Charlotte Hohn, Wilfried Linke, and Rainer Mackensen. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 18, 1988. 219-27 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper aims at advancing...some bio-social arguments which might contribute to the legitimation of population policy, especially with respect to fertility, in demographically post-transitional societies." Two major issues are discussed: the controversy over the individual versus the population as a whole, and the controversy over quantitative versus qualitative aspects of population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20688 Elizarov, V. V. The Twenty-Seventh Congress of the Communist Party on issues of improving demographic policy and increasing its effectiveness. [XXVII s"ezd KPSS o problemakh sovershenstvovaniya demograficheskoi politiki i povysheniya ee effektivnosti.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, 1988. 18-27 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author reviews efforts by the Soviet authorities to improve demographic trends in the USSR. The country's demographic situation is assessed and is found to be unsatisfactory because of serious regional imbalances between labor supply and demand. Some positive effects of increased attention to the needs of families are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20689 Martinez Garcia, Geronimo. The development of population policy in Mexico. [Evolucion de la politica de poblacion de Mexico.] LC 88-145035. 1987. 37 pp. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Developments in population policy in Mexico since the 1930s are reviewed.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:20690 Moore, Eric G. Population issues in Canadian public policy. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, Jan 1989. 117 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
This special issue presents five papers on the relationship between population and public policy in Canada. The focus is on the institutional context in which policies are developed and the level of commitment to social policies, and the impact of demographic changes on these factors.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20691 Pudasaini, Som. Population policy in Nepal: a multi sectoral approach. Economic Journal of Nepal, Vol. 10, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1987. 29-38 pp. Kathmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
An introduction to population policy in Nepal is presented. The author first describes the country's population dynamics and how they led to the need for a population policy. The development of such policies over time is then described, with an emphasis on the multi-sectoral approach developed since 1983.
Correspondence: S. Pudasaini, National Commission on Population, Kathmandu, Nepal. Location: Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

55:20692 Romanenkova, G. M. Demographic policy in a regional context. [Demograficheskaya politika v regional'nom razreze.] ISBN 5-02-013305-1. 1988. 164 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The relationship between national and regional demographic policy in the USSR is examined. Examples of policies developed to meet local conditions are provided, drawn from Leningrad, the Baltic republics, Byelorussia, and some Central Asian republics. The impact of the family on the determinants of fertility and the socialization of children is considered. The study also examines the effect of regional demographic trends on the labor force and employment.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:20693 Sinn, Hans-Werner. The Sahel problem. Kyklos, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1988. 187-213 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Eng.
Problems concerning the provision of development aid to the Sahel region of Africa are discussed. The author argues that the population already exceeds the area's carrying capacity, and that the provision of direct aid to the region will only encourage further in-migration and exacerbate the problem. He argues that aid should be provided to neighboring areas with the capacity to support larger populations, which will eventually improve the standard of living of the whole region.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:20694 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). World population policies. Volume II: Gabon to Norway. Population Studies, No. 102, Add.1; ST/ESA/SERA/102/ADD1, Pub. Order No. E.89.XIII.3. ISBN 92-1-151175-5. 1989. vi, 253 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the second volume of a planned three-volume work presenting information on world population policies. The information is garnered from the continuous monitoring conducted by the U.N. Population Division. The work is organized alphabetically by country: this volume covers countries from Gabon to Norway. The information for each country includes selected demographic indicators, current government perceptions of those indicators, the general policy framework, the institutional framework relevant to policy formation, and specific policies and measures.
For Volume I, published in 1987, see 54:10776.
Correspondence: United Nations, Sales Section, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20695 van de Kaa, Dirk J. On advising governments on population: will he who knows what's right, do what's right? In: Demographie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: vier Jahrzehnte Statistik, Forschung und Politikberatung. Festschrift fur Karl Schwarz, edited by Charlotte Hohn, Wilfried Linke, and Rainer Mackensen. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 18, 1988. 229-32 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
In this essay, the author notes the importance of advising governments on demographic matters, describes the risks involved, and points out some of the reasons why policymakers and politicians may not heed the advice given.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

55:20696 Ashish, Madhava. Poverty and population growth in India: the myth and the reality. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 4, Dec 1988. 295-300 pp. Bristol, England. In Eng.
Reasons for the relative failure of India to reduce its rate of population growth are explored. The author suggests that the greatest obstacle to population control is not the unwillingness of rural people to reduce their fertility, but the inability of political power groups, senior administrators, and the intelligentsia to accept that India is already overpopulated despite its success in industrial development.
Correspondence: M. Ashish, Almora, Uttar Pradesh, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:20697 Freedman, Ronald; Guo, Shenyang. Response of a traditional fishing community to China's family planning program: a case study. International Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 14, No. 4, Dec 1988. 131-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This is a case study illustrating the effectiveness of Chinese family planning policies in a traditional fishing village. The data are from a 1983 fertility survey conducted in a village in Fujian Province, China. The survey covered such areas as living and financial arrangements, desired family size, son preference, fertility, nuptiality, and contraception. Results indicate that the effect of the government-mandated family planning program is relatively weak because of resistance born of adherence to traditional norms.
Correspondence: R. Freedman, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20698 Green, Lawrence W. Promoting the one-child policy in China. Journal of Public Health Policy, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 1988. 273-83 pp. South Burlington, Vermont. In Eng.
The author reports on a three-week visit to China, sponsored by UNFPA, to examine China's one-child policy in the light of the withdrawal of U.S. funding for UNFPA for support of China's population control policy. The author states that the Chinese government has taken important steps to safeguard individuals against pressures by program officials to meet abortion and small family targets.
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

55:20699 Luscher, Kurt. Family policy in a liberal federal state: the example of Switzerland. [Familienpolitik im liberalen Bundesstaat: das Beispiel der Schweiz.] In: Demographie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: vier Jahrzehnte Statistik, Forschung und Politikberatung. Festschrift fur Karl Schwarz, edited by Charlotte Hohn, Wilfried Linke, and Rainer Mackensen. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 18, 1988. 207-17 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The history of family policy in Switzerland since the 1920s is reviewed, and the current situation is then described. Particular attention is given to an official report entitled "Family Policy in Switzerland", which was published in 1982.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20700 McDonald, John; Spindler, Zane A. Benefit-induced female sole parenthood in Australia, 1973-85. Australian Economic Papers, Vol. 27, No. 50, Jun 1988. 1-19 pp. Adelaide, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper briefly describes a specific Australian Commonwealth Government programme of benefits for sole parents. It then analyzes this programme in terms of providing an alternative market for parenting services. Next, it gives econometric estimates of the effects of economic and programme-related variables on the benefit participation rates of Australian females during the 1973-85 period. Finally, it concludes that while 'relative wage,' 'discouraged worker' and 'displaced worker' effects are relevant, the major determinants of the rapid rise of the female participation rates were programme changes that determined benefit availability, and the dynamic response of the target population to those changes."
Correspondence: J. McDonald, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:20701 Schwarz, Karl. Family policy and demographic trends in the landern (regions) of Germany after World War II: a contribution to the assessment of the effect of family policy measures. [Familienpolitik und demographische Entwicklung in den Bundeslandern nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg--ein Beitrag zur Abschatzung der demographischen Wirkungen familienpolitischer Massnahmen.] Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 57, 1988. viii, 207; 261 pp. Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
In the first volume of this two-volume study, an analysis of family policies and their demographic impact in the Federal Republic of Germany since World War II is presented. The objectives of West Germany's family and population policy are first described and the difficulties in measuring their demographic impact discussed. The policies adopted at both the national and regional levels are dealt with separately. Developments in nuptiality and fertility from 1950 to 1985 are then reviewed, and the possible influence on them of changes in family policy considered. The second volume includes relevant tables and figures from the study.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, Postfach 5528, D-6200 Wiesbaden, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

55:20702 Bills, Kym. CAAIP in context: an economic-demographic critique. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 5, No. 2, Nov 1988. 146-63 pp. Carlton South, Australia. In Eng.
"Gross immigration to Australia in 1988 will total about 160,000 persons or about one per cent of the existing population. This is more than double Australia's 1983 intake of about 70,000 and is a high intake compared with other major Western receiving countries. The CAAIP [Committee to Advise on Australia's Immigration Policies] Report released in May argues for a continuation of such levels of immigration....This paper argues that the arguments evinced are flawed or unable to be tested with data currently available." This policy is discussed in terms of the socioeconomic impact on the native Australian population.
This paper was originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 54, No. 3, Fall 1988, p. 477).
Correspondence: K. Bills, Population and Research Section, Department of Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs, Benjamin Offices, Chan Street, Belconnen ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20703 Boyd, Monica. Immigration and income security policies in Canada: implications for elderly immigrant women. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, Jan 1989. 5-24 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to trace the consequences of recent developments in immigration policy and income security policy for elderly immigrant women and their families [in Canada]. With its emphasis on family reunification, recent immigration policy encourages an inflow of elderly persons, many of whom are widowed women and from Third World areas. At the same time, the economic implications of this inflow are not recognized in internal social policy regarding income security. Data from the 1981 census show the lower economic status of foreign born women living in census metropolitan areas compared to foreign born men and Canadian born women. The conclusion discusses the implications of these empirical findings both in terms of individual inequities and in terms of social policy issues."
Correspondence: M. Boyd, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20704 Papademetriou, D. G. The U.S. legalization program: a preliminary final report. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 27, No. 1, Mar 1989. 5-25 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This is a preliminary report on the U.S. legalization program that ended in May 1988. It provided opportunities for illegal migrants to legally remain in the United States. The author describes migrants who were eligible for legalization by this program. Information is included on estimated legalization applications by country of origin and by U.S. state of residence, and on estimated totals of undocumented migrants.
Correspondence: D. G. Papademetriou, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20210. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1989-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.