Volume 55 - Number 2 - Summer 1989

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

55:20001 Sauvy, Alfred; Hirsch, Anita. Europe submerged. South to North in 30 years. [L'Europe submergee. Sud-nord dans 30 ans.] L'Oeil Economique, ISBN 2-04-016472-3. LC 88-154299. 1987. xi, 279 pp. Dunod: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors analyze the consequences of current differences in the demographic trends in developed and developing countries, with particular reference to the situation in Europe over the next 30 years. The main premise is that demographic aging and population decline in the developed world, coupled with the growth of a young and vigorous population in the developing world, will lead to irresistible pressures for migration from developing to developed countries. This in turn will threaten the cultural and ethnic characteristics of the developed world.
Correspondence: Dunod, 17 rue Remy-Dumoncel, B.P. 50, 75661 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

55:20002 Chasteland, Jean-Claude. State of population research and research needs as expressed at the Mexico Conference and at the preparatory expert group meetings. [Etat et besoins de la recherche demographique dans la perspective des recommandations de la Conference de Mexico et de ses reunions preparatoires.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 4, ISBN 2-87762-003-4. Oct 1988. 43 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Current demographic research and research needs as identified at the 1984 International Conference on Population in Mexico, and the preparatory meetings held prior to it, are summarized. Topics covered include the relationships among socioeconomic development, the environment, and population; the status of women; the development of population policies; morbidity and mortality; procreation and the family; and international migration.
Correspondence: CEPED, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20003 Lisina, N. V.; Ruzavina, E. I. Methodological aspects of a political-economic analysis of population. [Metodologicheskie aspekty politiko-ekonomicheskogo analiza naseleniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, 1988. 4-18 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The authors examine the role of political and economic factors in the study of population issues, with a focus on the relationship between demographic factors and the standard of living of a society. Attention is paid to the division of the population into the economically active and the inactive.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20004 Morrison, Peter A. Applied demography: its current scope and future direction in the United States. Rand Paper, No. P-7496, Oct 1988. iii, 17 pp. Rand Corporation: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
The author examines the field of applied demography in the United States, its "current scope, evolution, and prospective future course." The main topics include the field's evolution as it mirrors contemporary issues, current employment opportunities for applied demographers, and factors that have fostered the recent growth of the field, including advances in microdata collection and analysis.
Correspondence: Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20005 Petersen, William. What will demography be in 1996? Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1988. 17-23 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author reports on the discussion that took place at a luncheon roundtable held at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America on prospective topics of concern to demographers in 1996.
Correspondence: W. Petersen, 24900 Pine Hills Drive, Carmel, CA 93923. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20006 Rakhmanova, G. V. Some methodological aspects of the development of scientific demographic knowledge. [Nekotorye metodologicheskie problemy stanovleniya nauchnogo demograficheskogo poznaniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, 1988. 34-44 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author traces the development of demographic research, with a focus on specific characteristics that led to demography's emergence as a distinctive scientific discipline.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

55:20007 Charbit, Yves. Plato: forerunner of demographic thinking? [Platon: precurseur de la pensee demographique?] European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1988. 157-73 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the work of Plato as an early contribution to demographic thinking. He concludes that Plato's demographic contribution has been slight, since his focus was on the city as an ideal concept and on concrete social organization, and that any consideration of demographic issues was incidental.
Correspondence: Y. Charbit, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20008 Demetrius, Lloyd. Growth rate, population entropy, and perturbation theory. Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 93, No. 2, Apr 1989. 159-80 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper is concerned with the connection between two classes of population variables: measures of population growth rate--the Malthusian parameter, the net reproduction rate, the gross reproduction rate, and the mean life expectancy; and measures of demographic heterogeneity--population entropy. It is shown that the entropy functions predict the response of the growth rate parameters to perturbations in the age-specific fecundity and mortality schedule. These results are invoked to introduce the notion of environmental intensity. The intensity function, expressed in terms of the entropy parameters, is applied to give a comparative study of the effect of environmental factors on the dynamics of Swedish and French populations."
Correspondence: L. Demetrius, Max Planck Institut fur Biophysikalische Chemie, 3400 Gottingen, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

55:20009 Hammond, P. J. Consequentialist demographic norms and parenting rights. Social Choice and Welfare, Vol. 5, No. 2-3, 1988. 127-45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper extends the author's recent work on dynamically consistent consequentialist social norms for an unrestricted domain of decision trees with risk to trees in which the population is a variable consequence--i.e., endogenous. Given a form of ethical liberalism and ethical irrelevance of distant ancestors, classical utilitarianism is implied (provided also that a weak continuity condition is met). The 'repugnant conclusion' that having many poor people may be desirable can be avoided by denying that individuals' interests extend to the circumstances of their birth. But it is better avoided by recognizing that potential parents have legitimate interests concerning the sizes of their families."
Correspondence: P. J. Hammond, Economics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-6072. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:20010 Hodgson, Dennis. Orthodoxy and revisionism in American demography. Population and Development Review, Vol. 14, No. 4, Dec 1988. 541-69, 760-2 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"From the vantage point of the late 1980s, what passes for orthodoxy in American demography is a perspective founded on two basic assumptions: rapid population growth in nonindustrial societies is a significant problem, and providing contraceptives to peasant couples can lower fertility prior to industrialization. The emergence of this perspective within American demography during the 1950s and the rise of revisionist views more recently are examined. Orthodoxy's emergence is attributed to two sets of factors: first, the inability of demographic transition theory to explain several postwar demographic trends; second, the manner in which the Cold War, decolonization, and the influx of funds for fertility control changed American demographers' approach to the study of population trends. The recent rise of revisionism is attributed both to orthodoxy's difficulty in digesting the favorable economic and demographic trends of the 1970s and to the changes in the political and funding environments within which American demographers work."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 457).
Correspondence: D. Hodgson, Department of Sociology, Fairfield University, Fairfield, CT 06430. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20011 Schmid, Josef. Demography between individual rationality and the requirements of a political-social system. [Bevolkerungswissenschaft zwischen individueller Rationalitat und staatlich-gesellschaftlichem Systemerfordernis.] In: Demographie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: vier Jahrzehnte Statistik, Forschung und Politikberatung. Festschrift fur Karl Schwarz, edited by Charlotte Hohn, Wilfried Linke, and Rainer Mackensen. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 18, 1988. 187-96 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The conflict between the individual and the society as a whole is discussed in relation to the field of demography. Attention is given to the destruction of "demographic homeostasis" during the modern industrial era and to fertility and policy in post-industrial societies such as the Federal Republic of Germany.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20012 Stark, Oded. Altruism and the quality of life. Migration and Development Program Discussion Paper, No. 41, Dec 1988. 14 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Migration and Development Program: Cambridge, Massachusetss. In Eng.
This is a theoretical paper on the impact of altruism on the quality of life. The author uses the example of altruism in the case of remittance agreements between migrants and their families who remain in the country of origin.
Correspondence: Migration and Development Program, Center for Population Studies, Harvard University, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20013 Zimmermann, Klaus F. Roots of modern population economics in German literature around 1900. [Wurzeln der modernen okonomischen Bevolkerungstheorie in der deutschen Forschung um 1900.] Jahrbucher fur Nationalokonomie und Statistik, Vol. 205, No. 2, Aug 1988. 116-30 pp. Stuttgart, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"The economic theory of the family developed by Becker makes use of the microeconomic decision model of the rational agent and the distinction between quantity and quality of children. This theory provides a substantial contribution to the explanation of fertility decline in developed countries. The paper shows that all relevant elements of this theory and important statistical findings were already suggested and published between 1901 and 1910 by Brentano and Mombert in Germany."
Correspondence: K. F. Zimmermann, Universitat Mannheim, Fakultat fur Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Seminargebaude A 5, D-6800, Mannheim 1, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

55:20014 Maleva, O. M. Some methodological aspects of applying interdisciplinary approaches to population studies. [Nekotorye metodologicheskie aspekty primeneniya mezhdistsiplinarnogo podkhoda k izucheniyu narodonaseleniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, 1988. 27-34 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author examines how an interdisciplinary approach can best be adapted to the study of population issues. The need for methods and definitions specific to demographic studies is noted, rather than using those developed for other disciplines.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20015 Wierzchoslawski, Stanislaw. Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches to the study of demographic phenomena. [Wielodyscyplinarnosc i interdyscyplinarnosc badan zjawisk demograficznych.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 4/94, 1988. 3-15 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author discusses questions concerning collaboration among scientific disciplines in the study of demographic phenomena. In the course of reviewing trends in contemporary demographic research, some consequences of the interdisciplinary approach are identified. The author also describes the different forms that interdisciplinary research can take. He concludes with a summary of the results of this approach concerning both macro- and micro-level studies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

55:20016 Biswas, Suddhendu; Sehgal, Vijay K. Stochastic processes in demography and applications. ISBN 81-224-0061-2. 1988. xvi, 359 pp. Wiley Eastern: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This textbook attempts to fill a "gap in the research and pedagogy of Mathematical Demography and other related topics in Survival Analysis by focussing intensively on a wide range of traditional as well as new inputs using a modern Stochastic Process and Renewal Theory oriented approach. Special topics such as Martingales theory, Cox's regression model, Parametric and Non-parametric techniques in Survival theory together with a full chapter on the adjustment techniques for the deficiencies of vital statistics in India have been appended."
Correspondence: Wiley Eastern Ltd., 4835/24 Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20017 Nazareth, J. Manuel. The principles and methods of analysis of Portuguese demography. [Principios e metodos de analise da demografia portuguesa.] Coleccao Metodos, No. 27, 1988. 323 pp. Editorial Presenca: Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
This is a general Portuguese-language textbook on demography. Developments in population theory are first reviewed, from antiquity to modern times. Contemporary demographic trends are then reviewed, with particular attention to the development of the population of Portugal in the twentieth century. Methods of demographic analysis are then introduced, with consideration given to the collection of data, data quality, the general principles of demographic analysis, and the special features involved in the analysis of mortality, fertility, nuptiality, and migration.
Correspondence: Editorial Presenca, Rua Augusto Gil 35-A, 1000 Lisbon, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20018 Smith, Clifford T. Population and development in Peru. Case Studies in the Developing World, ISBN 0-7195-4363-0. 1988. vi, 58 pp. John Murray: London, England. In Eng.
This textbook for advanced high-school students and beyond "sets a systematic account of the population geography of Peru against the background of Peruvian physical, social and economic environments to illuminate the general techniques, principles and models of population geography, using a selection of examples and case studies. Wherever appropriate, techniques and models are introduced and examined in the light of Peruvian experience...." Chapters are included on the historical context of population composition; population characteristics such as age and sex distribution, natural increase, fertility, and mortality; population growth and the demographic transition; regional patterns of spatial distribution and population change; and internal migration, including urban and rural movements, migrant characteristics, and the impact of migration. Assignments and questions for study purposes are included at the end of each chapter.
Correspondence: John Murray Ltd., 50 Albemarle Street, London W1X 4BD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:20019 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Training in the use of microcomputers in the field of population. Pub. Order No. ST/ESCAP/675. 1988. 16 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
The contents of this training manual are a summary of the results of a series of workshops organized by the ESCAP Population Division on the use of microcomputers in the field of population. Sections are included on the philosophy of training, general software, and specialized software.
Correspondence: ESCAP, United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1989-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.