Volume 55 - Number 1 - Spring 1989

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

55:10028 Australia. Department of Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs (Canberra, Australia). Australia's population trends and prospects, 1988. Special topic: Australia's state capital cities. ISBN 0-644-08527-X. 1988. 141 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
Current and future trends in Australia's population are discussed using data from the 1986 census. The first section of the report focuses on population growth and change in state capital cities, with consideration given to urban sprawl, age structure, immigrant settlement, the urban family, employment, and the future of the cities. A second section reviews Australia's trends in population growth, with data provided on fertility, mortality, natural increase, and international migration, including migrants' skills, age structure, and sex distribution. The final section considers the country's population profile, with subsections on age structure, including demographic aging, the elderly, youth, and implications for policy planning; the Australian family, with data on marriage, divorce, single-parent families, and childbearing and childlessness; and foreigners, including duration of residence in Australia, labor force participation and the brain gain, and religion. Other topics of discussion are second-generation migrant families, Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, and internal migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10029 Bose, Ashish. From population to people. ISBN 81-7018-470-3. 1988. xlix, 577, [6] pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This two-volume work consists of a number of speeches and articles by the author, many of which have been previously published, on aspects of population problems in India. The general focus of the collection is on the needs of the people as a whole, in contrast to a concern with demographic statistics and family planning program targets. The author maintains that success in national family planning efforts is dependent on the lowering of India's female illiteracy and infant mortality rates. Sections are included on prospects for the success of family planning, the emphasis on targets, international perspectives, the demographic data base, the politics of population, and health care for the vulnerable.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10030 Canada. Quebec (Province). Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec (Quebec, Canada). The demographic situation in Quebec: 1988 edition. [La situation demographique au Quebec: edition 1988.] Statistiques Demographiques, ISBN 2-551-08298-6. 1988. 198 pp. Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
Current demographic trends in Quebec province, Canada, are reviewed using data from official Canadian and provincial sources, the most recent of which concern 1987. Chapters are included on population dynamics; age and sex distribution; the population of regions and towns; mortality; fertility; nuptiality and marital status; migration; and language, ethnic origin, and type of marriage ceremony. Data are also provided on divorce, induced abortion, and sterilization. Comparisons are made with the situation in Canada and in other countries.
For the 1987 edition, see 53:30035.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 117 rue Saint-Andre, Quebec, Quebec G1K 3Y3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10031 China. Population Census Office (Beijing, China); China. State Statistical Bureau. Population Statistics Division (Beijing, China). Analysis of data from China's third census. Pub. Order No. 4166.805. Feb 1987. 362 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This collection of 27 papers by different authors deals with the analysis of data from the 1982 census of China. Topics covered include data reliability, age distribution, sex distribution, family characteristics, marriage, fertility, mortality, educational status, spatial distribution, minority ethnic groups, occupations, occupational structure, and populaton projections.
Location: China Population Information Center, Beijing, China.

55:10032 Geissler, Clemens; Thebes, Manfred. Population trends and structural change in Lower Saxony. [Bevolkerungsentwicklung und Strukturwandel in Niedersachsen.] Nov 1986. 126 pp. Universitat Hannover, Institut fur Entwicklungsplanung und Strukturforschung: Hannover, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Population trends in Lower Saxony, Federal Republic of Germany, are examined, including age structure, fertility, life expectancy, mortality, and migration. A second section focuses on the underlying causes of these trends. Among the factors discussed are declines in the number of marriages and children, socioeconomic change, religious and ethnic change, the value of children, and families and households. In the next section, population projections are outlined, and the impact of demographic trends on social and regional structure is assessed. The final section deals with the long-term consequences of population trends for public finance, government, and spatial planning.
Correspondence: Institut fur Entwicklungsplanung und Strukturforschung, Grotefendstrasse 2, D-3000 Hannover, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: New York Public Library.

55:10033 Japan. Institute of Population Problems (Tokyo, Japan). An outline of the demographic trends in Japan. Institute of Population Problems Research Series, No. 254, Mar 31, 1988. ix, 138 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Current demographic trends in Japan are reviewed. Japan's population trends are first compared with trends elsewhere in the world, followed by a summary of recent changes in Japan's vital rates. The third section considers population characteristics, with particular emphasis on the changing age distribution of the population. The fourth section analyzes the labor force, employment, and occupations. The fifth section examines family and household structure and changes in marital and educational status. The final sections focus on migration and changes in spatial distribution. The most recent data are for 1985.
Correspondence: Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10034 Jones, Sidney L. Demographic trends in America: squaring the population pyramid. Forum Report, LC 87-410746. Sep 30, 1987. 131 pp. Washington Forum: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Causes and consequences of demographic trends in the United States are investigated, with a focus on the aging of the baby boom generation and on changes in traditional marital and household structures. Aspects considered include population growth, population estimates, fertility rates, population distribution, and population characteristics. Anticipated changes in the dependency ratio, the size of the elderly population, life expectancy, income levels for age groups, and marriage patterns and household formation are also described. Implications of these trends are discussed in terms of social security, health care costs, labor force participation, and poverty levels of women and children.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10035 Wehling, Hans-Georg. Population trends and population policy in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Bevolkerungsentwicklung und Bevolkerungspolitik in der Bundesrepublik.] Kohlhammer Taschenbucher, Vol. 1081, ISBN 3-17-009784-9. 1988. 174 pp. W. Kohlhammer: Stuttgart, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book is a collection of seven papers by various authors. The focus is on the trend toward demographic aging and population decrease in the Federal Republic of Germany, the socioeconomic consequences of such trends, and the policy implications. Individual papers deal with the transition from a pyramid-shaped age structure to a mushroom-shaped one; an economic theory of the family and population trends; fertility decline as an expression of social change; the effects of population trends on the family and the educational system, on economic growth and employment, and on the social security system; and the challenges to social and family policy.
Location: New York Public Library.

55:10036 Zarin'sh, I. V. Prospective trends of population development in the Latvian Socialist Republic. [Perspektivnye tendentsii razvitiya naseleniya Latviiskoi SSR.] LC 86-234809. 1986. 143 pp. Zinatne: Riga, USSR. In Rus.
Possible future population developments in Latvia are assessed. Topics covered include factors affecting changes in the age and sex distribution of the population, and future changes in fertility. The data are primarily taken from the censuses of 1959, 1970, and 1979, supplemented by data from surveys carried out by the Institute of Economics of the Latvian Academy of Sciences.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

55:10037 Atzema, O. A. L. C.; Bargeman, C. A. Regional population growth and internal migration. [Regionale bevolkingsgroei en binnenlandse migratie.] In: Regio en ontwikkeling: aspecten van regionaal-economische ontwikkelingen in Nederland, edited by J. Buursink and E. Wever. Nederlandse Geografische Studies, No. 26, ISBN 90-6809-035-6. LC 87-202412. 1986. 103-29 pp. Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap: Amsterdam, Netherlands; Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, Geografisch en Planologisch Instituut: Nijmegen, Netherlands. In Dut.
Regional changes in the population of the Netherlands in recent years are analyzed, with a focus on changes in internal migration. The authors note a growing trend toward decentralization since 1960, particularly a movement to the southern and eastern regions of the country. They note that the total population grew by 11.7 percent between 1970 and 1984, and examine the impact of this growth on urban, suburban, and rural areas.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:10038 Bianchi, Roberto. Recent sociodemographic trends in Latin America. [Aspetti socio-demografici del recente trend latinoamericani.] Universo, Vol. 67, No. 1, 1987. 28-33 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
Recent population trends in Latin America are reviewed using data from U.N. sources. Consideration is given to rates of natural increase from 1950 to 1980 and to changes in population characteristics over time.
Location: New York Public Library.

55:10039 Carrilho, Maria J. Estimates of the resident population as of June 30, 1987, and December 31, 1987, by sex for districts and autonomous regions. [Estimativas de populacao residente em 30.VI.1987 e 31.XII.1987, segundo o sexo, por distritos e regioes autonomas.] Serie Estimativas Provisorias, No. 8, Jun 1988. 19 pp. Instituto Nacional de Estatistica [INE], Centro de Estudos Demograficos: Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
Official population estimates for Portugal for 1987 are analyzed. The report includes a description of the methodology used to prepare the estimates, summary data on the estimates and vital rates, and a review of recent demographic trends.
Correspondence: INE, Avenida Antonio Jose de Almeida, 1078 Lisbon Codex, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10040 Crothers, Charles; Bedford, Richard. The business of population: population change, business implications and planning. Jun 1988. 76 pp. New Zealand Demographic Society: Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
This is a collection of papers by various authors on aspects of New Zealand population trends and their interrelationships with commerce and business. Papers are included on population, business implications, and planning; general population trends; implications of change in the cohort/age structure; implications of change in family formation and household structure; and the demographic outlook for the labor force.
Correspondence: New Zealand Demographic Society, P.O. Box 225, Wellington, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10041 Drobizhev, V. Z. At the origins of Soviet demography. [U istokov sovetskoi demografii.] LC 86-163755. 1987. 221 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Developments in the study of demography in the Soviet Union from 1917 to 1927 are reviewed. The author describes the establishment of vital statistics agencies, the creation of new types of marriage and family relationships, and the first demographic studies undertaken by Soviet scholars. The role of Lenin and the Communist Party in dealing with the difficult socioeconomic issues arising from the civil war, famines, and economic disruption of those early years is outlined. Special attention is given to measures adopted to protect mothers and children, improve health care, and encourage population growth.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

55:10042 France. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED] (Paris, France). Seventeenth report on the demographic situation in France. [Dix-septieme rapport sur la situation demographique de la France.] Population, Vol. 43, No. 4-5, Jul-Oct 1988. 727-98 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in France are reviewed. The first part of the article presents some international comparisons and considers trends in nuptiality, fertility, abortion, and causes of death. The second part is concerned with the aging of the French population.
For a previous report in this series, published in 1987, see 54:10036.
Correspondence: INED, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10043 Gartner, Karla. Time-series analysis of the natural movement of the population 1957-1986. A presentation of its development and some methodological notes. [Zeitreihenanalyse der naturlichen Bevolkerungsbewegung 1957-1986. Darstellung der Entwicklung und methodische Anmerkungen.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1988. 161-86 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author presents a time-series analysis of vital statistics data for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1957 to 1986. Results focus on the monthly and seasonal variations in marriages, births, deaths, and infant deaths.
Correspondence: K. Gartner, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Postfach 55 28, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10044 Hill, Kenneth. Demographic trends in China from 1950 to 1982. World Bank Discussion Paper, No. 22, ISBN 0-8213-1022-4. LC 87-35102. Feb 1988. 51 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Extensive data, both recent and historical, on the population of China have recently become available. The paper describes the application of numerous consistency checks and adjustment procedures to these data, and draws conclusions about levels and trends of mortality, fertility and population size over the past three decades on the basis of the results obtained."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10045 Islam, Sohel M. S. Factor analysis of some socio-economic and demographic variables for Bangladesh. Rural Demography, Vol. 13, No. 1-2, 1986. 31-9 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The author presents a factor analysis of socioeconomic and demographic variables for Bangladesh. The indicators "used in this study include literacy, rate of growth, female employment, economic development, urbanizaton, density of population, childlessness, sex ratio, proportion of women ever married and fertility. The 18 administrative districts of Bangladesh constitute the unit of analysis." Data are from official sources.
Correspondence: S. M. S. Islam, Department of Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10046 Karan, Pradyumna P. Population characteristics of the Himalayan region. Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1987. 271-4 pp. Boulder, Colorado. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The population of the Himalayan region has tripled between 1901 and 1981 (from 11 to 33 million) and the rate of increase accelerated after about 1951 (from 1.26 to 2.7 percent per annum). These generalized figures, however, conceal significant sub-regional differences. It is argued that aid and development programmes have so far paid insufficient attention to local socio-cultural institutions and environmental conditions, and especially to the status of women."
Correspondence: P. P. Karan, Department of Geography, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

55:10047 Kelley, Allen C. Australia: the coming of age. Australian Economic Review, No. 2, Second Quarter 1988. 27-44 pp. Parkville, Australia. In Eng.
Current demographic trends in Australia and their implications are assessed. The author concludes that "Australia faces a relatively favourable demographic future: ageing is proceeding at a slower pace here, the pattern of the labour force ageing is conducive to restructuring in the intermediate future, and a well-established immigration policy can be used to accommodate demographics with social and economic goals. The financing of social services for the aged will produce fewer concerns here partly because of less immediate demographic pressures and partly because of the orientation of the age-pension system."
Correspondence: A. C. Kelley, Center for Demographic Studies, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

55:10048 Konovalov, Ye. Population problems in the PRC. Far Eastern Affairs, No. 6, 1987. 43-52 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Eng.
Population trends in China since 1949 are analyzed using data from a variety of published official Chinese sources. Topics covered include changes in age distribution, spatial distribution, fertility, mortality, and urbanization.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

55:10049 Krishnan, Gopal. Fertility and mortality trends in Indian states. Geography, Vol. 74, Pt. 1, No. 322, Jan 1989. 53-6 pp. Sheffield, England. In Eng.
Recent trends in fertility and mortality at the state level in India are analyzed using data from various official sources for 1985-1986. The author concludes that the decline in the birth rate during the period 1971-1985 was outweighed by the decline in the death rate, resulting in a rise in the rate of natural increase.
Correspondence: G. Krishnan, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, Union Territory, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

55:10050 Kulu, Isik. A country profile: the Soviet Union. The demographic situation and policy. Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 10, 1988. 101-16 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng. with sum. in Tur.
The author presents an overview of the demographic situation in the Soviet Union. The discussion includes trends in mortality, fertility, nuptiality, population growth, population characteristics, demographic aging, labor force, and internal migration. Data are from the 1987 UN/USSR Interregional Demographic Training and Research Program in Population and Development Planning. Consideration is also given to population policy that is currently being established and its possible demographic impact.
Correspondence: I. Kulu, Institute of Population Studies, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10051 Levy, Michel L. Europe and demography. [Europe et demographie.] Population et Societes, No. 230, Dec 1988. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Demographic aspects of the 1992 Act of European Unity are considered. The author examines current population characteristics and vital rates of the 12 countries in the European Community, the prospects for a European population policy, and the development of a European nationality.
Correspondence: INED, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10052 Sadik, Nafis. The current state of Africa. Populi, Vol. 15, No. 4, Dec 1988. 4-11 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Africa's population is almost 610 million and will reach 1 billion by the first year of the twenty-first century. [The author] outlines UNFPA's strategy to increase the ability of governments to balance population and resources and to allow individuals to make appropriate family planning choices."
Correspondence: N. Sadik, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10053 Saupe, Gabriele; Thieme, Siegfried. Classification, regionalization, and an information theoretical approach to the analysis and diagnosis of regional population processes. [Typisierung, Regionierung und ein informations theoretischer Ansatz zur Analyse und Diagnose regionaler Bevolkerungsprozesse.] Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, Vol. 132, No. 3, 1988. 185-90 pp. Gotha, German Democratic Republic. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Various methods are used to analyze regional population trends in the East German county of Potsdam. Data are for the period 1968-1980 and concern 754 villages. Areas with similar population trends are identified. Special attention is given to areas of low or high migration.
Correspondence: G. Saupe, Padagogische Hochschule Karl Liebknecht Potsdam, Sektion Geographie, Am Neuen Palais, Potsdam 1571, German Democratic Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SG).

55:10054 Shimizu, Hiroaki; Ikenoue, Masako. A study of population change and household structure in a Yamagata village, 1955-1985. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 186, Apr 1988. 64-71 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
The authors study the changes in population and household structure in one village in Japan over a period of 30 years. They examine the reasons for the formation and dissolution of households, and the transitions within specific village households from one type to another.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10055 van der Woude, A. M. Population and family in the Netherlands. [Bevolking en gezin in Nederland.] In: De Nederlandse samenleving sinds 1815, edited by F. L. van Holthoon. ISBN 90-232-2079-X. 1985. 19-70 pp. Van Gorcum: Assen, Netherlands. In Dut.
The demographic transition that occurred in the Netherlands after 1815 is described. The author analyzes the growth of the population from an estimated 2 million to its present 14 million. Consideration is given to differences among the provinces in demographic developments over this period. Particular attention is given to the question of whether fertility eventually declined because of deliberate family planning or as part of a natural process of adjustment to modernization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

55:10056 Vishnevskii, Anatolii G. Are things moving? On demographic processes and social policy. Problems of Economics, Vol. 31, No. 8, Dec 1988. 6-24 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
Some recent positive changes in demographic trends in the Soviet Union are described. These include an increase in life expectancy in 1986, particularly for males, and an increase in the birth rate, although fertility in European Russia is still below replacement level. The author then considers how social policy, including family policy, can be expected to influence demographic variables in accordance with the country's needs, particularly in light of major differences among regions in population dynamics. He concludes by considering the relationship between demographic factors and democracy.
This is a translation of the Russian article in Kommunist (Moscow, USSR), No. 6, Apr 1988, pp. 65-75.
Correspondence: A. G. Vishnevskii, Commission for the Study of Productive Forces and Natural Resources, USSR Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Pr. 14, Moscow V-71, USSR. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

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