Hans. Critical empiricism: contributions to sociology and
demography, 1937-1987. [Kritische Empirie: Beitrage zur
Soziologie und Bevolkerungswissenschaft, 1937-1987.] ISBN
3-8100-0685-8. 1988. 226 pp. Leske und Budrich: Opladen, Germany,
Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book is a collection of 14 papers written by the author during the period 1937-1987. Four of the papers deal with demographic topics, including the reproductive pattern of specific populations (1950), the significance of Malthus for population sociology (1962), Mackenroth's concept of reproductive structure (1985), and whether the shrinking of generations is a dimension of structural change and of the loss of the institutional functions of marriage and the family (1984).
Location: New York Public Library.
Michael. Malthus and his time. ISBN 0-312-50942-1. LC
85-25190. 1986. xx, 244 pp. St. Martin's Press: New York, New York. In
"The  essays collected here were first presented as a theme at the Congres International de Demographie Historique in Paris [May 27-29, 1980,] on Malthus Yesterday and Today. The theme was concerned with the Age of Malthus c. 1780-1830, a time of unprecedented change in Western Europe and perhaps Britain in particular, with the ongoing demographic and agricultural revolutions, and the age of rapid industrialization. The essays have been organized in a way to capture these main features, with a section on the demographic background to Malthus's main writings on population with cameos of contemporary European society, and subsequent sections on the continuing primacy of agriculture in the economy, the onset of the age of commerce and capital, and the extremes in society epitomized in the debates over the poor law and labor issues."
Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.
de Paris V (Rene Descartes) (Paris, France). Demography
and sociology: homage to Alain Girard. [Demographie et
sociologie: hommage a Alain Girard.] Serie Homme et Societe, No. 11,
ISBN 2-85944-111-5. LC 87-112552. 1986. 304 pp. Publications de la
Sorbonne: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a festschrift for the French demographer Alain Girard on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. It includes 19 papers by various authors organized into chapters on demography's progress toward social analysis, surveys and society, methodological questions, marriage and the family, and generations and mobility. The geographical scope is worldwide, with some emphasis on France.
Correspondence: Publications de la Sorbonne, 14 rue Cujas, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
55:10004 van Norren,
B.; van Vianen, H. A. W. Profession: demographer. Ten
population studies in honour of F. H. A. G. Zwart. ISBN
90-71971-09-0. 1988. viii, 199 pp. Geo Pers: Groningen, Netherlands. In
This collection of 10 studies by various authors is dedicated to Hans Zwart by his former students, friends, and colleagues. Various aspects of demography are discussed, including data collection, demographic estimation, the application of relational models to demographic data, the use of sophisticated analytical techniques, and the broader use of demography in the study of public health issues. The role of public opinion in the acceptance of modern family planning and the human rights aspects of free and responsible choice in matters of human reproduction are also examined.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Donald. Malthus. Past Masters, ISBN 0-19-287653-8. LC
87-11179. 1987. 117 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) has, since the publication in 1798 of his polemical first Essay on Population, generated more misunderstanding and personal vilification than any comparable figure in the history of social and political thought. In his own lifetime 'Malthusian' came to denote a heartless upholder of cruel laissez-faire solutions to the problem of pauperism, and a pessimistic view of the precarious balance between population increase and natural resources. In this book Donald Winch sets Malthus's ideas on population in their historical context, showing how they led him subsequently to develop distinctive views on the theory and policy of political economy. Concentrating on what Malthus actually wrote, the book sheds light on why his work has remained controversial, but also why it has been so influential in the thought of later figures as disparate as Darwin and Keynes."
Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.
Jurgen. Population geography: development, tasks, and
theoretical framework. [Bevolkerungsgeographie: Entwicklung,
Aufgaben und theoretischer Bezugsrahmen.] Geographische Rundschau, Vol.
40, No. 2, Feb 1988. 6-13 pp. Brunswick, Germany, Federal Republic of.
Subject areas covered by the discipline of population geography are reviewed, with consideration given to data sources, theories and models used, and macro- and microanalytical approaches.
Location: New York Public Library.
Thomas K. Babel revisited: the role of ideas in
explanations of human behaviour. Population Studies Centre
Discussion Paper, No. 87-1, Sep 1987. 14 pp. University of Western
Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
This is a philosophical overview on the role of ideas and other subjective factors in human behavior and social change. The author notes that "demography has long since ceased to concern itself only with the statistical description of demographic trends. The explanation of demographic behaviour--marriage, birth, migration, death--has become central to the discipline." The author presents methodological and procedural suggestions for defining the cultural and individual values that affect demographic differentials and change.
Correspondence: Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James. Working with NGOs. Populi, Vol. 15, No. 4, Dec
1988. 36-45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The role of nongovernmental organizations in promoting and implementing population and development programs is reviewed. The focus is on how the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) works with such organizations.
Correspondence: J. Chui, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ansley. Fertility and mortality in different populations
with special attention to China. Proceedings of the American
Philosophical Society, Vol. 132, No. 2, 1988. 185-95 pp. Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. In Eng.
Recent changes in fertility and mortality in various parts of the world are described, with particular attention to the situation in China since the revolution.
Correspondence: A. Coale, Office of Population Research, Princeton University, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Alan. Knibbs and Wickens. Journal of the Australian
Population Association, Vol. 5, No. 1, May 1988. 1-14 pp. Carlton
South, Australia. In Eng.
"A recent claim that the first Commonwealth Statistician [of Australia], Sir George Knibbs, was not the real author of the work 'The Mathematical Theory of Population' is shown to conflict with overwhelming evidence that Knibbs was the author in fact, as well as in name. Resolution of this question gives a keen appreciation of the work of Knibbs and his successor, Mr. Charles Wickens."
Correspondence: A. Gray, Department of Demography, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, GPO Box 4, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Bernard. Demography: another sharing out of the
world? [Demographie: un autre partage du monde?] Defense
Nationale, Vol. 43, Oct 1987. 143-50 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Global population trends are reviewed, with a focus on the growing contrast between developed and developing countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Brian. Population studies. Progress in Human
Geography, Vol. 12, No. 2, Jun 1988. 282-92 pp. London, England. In
Recent publications in the field of population of interest to students of human geography are reviewed. Particular attention is paid to works concerned with the demography of China.
For a previous review, published in 1987, see 53:30045.
Correspondence: B. Heenan, Department of Geography, University of Otago, POB 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Zvi; Stern, Steven; Wolpin, Kenneth. Fertility choice,
land and the Malthusian hypothesis. International Economic Review,
Vol. 29, No. 2, May 1988. 353-61 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In
"This paper shows that in a standard overlapping generations growth model..., with a fixed amount of land and endogenous fertility, the competitive economy converges to a steady state with a zero population growth rate and positive consumption per capita." The authors interpret the Malthusian hypothesis "as a positive statement about the relationship between population growth and consumption per-capita, when production exhibits diminishing returns to labor and there is a fixed amount of land essential for production." They show that even when individuals care only about the number of their children, and not about their children's welfare, the equilibrium is such that they would eventually choose to have only one child for each adult.
Correspondence: Z. Eckstein, University of Pittsburgh, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Hoffmann-Nowotny, Hans-Joachim. Structural and
cultural determinants of Europe's second demographic transition.
Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Sep 1988. 73-89 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In
The author presents a macrosociological theory, which he calls the Structure/Culture Paradigm, and uses it to analyze the current demographic situation in Western developed societies, focusing on the factors affecting fertility. In particular, he attempts to forecast future trends in marriage, family, and other life-styles.
Correspondence: H.-J. Hoffmann-Nowotny, Zeltweg 67, CH-8032 Zurich, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Hitoshi. Family behaviour and endogenous population
growth. 1987. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor,
Michigan. In Eng.
"Our purpose in this study is to provide a theory of endogenous population growth. Part I is concerned with the theory of individual family's behaviour. Distinguishing between the investment of human and physical capital, we construct a model with an interior solution. The effect of a government tax-subsidy program on the demand for children by family and the validity of the old age security hypothesis are then discussed. Part II is devoted to the development of a family-based theory of population growth. Making use of the model developed in Part I, we investigate the properties of an optimal path and the existence and stability of steady states. Finally our discussion is extended to allow for international trade."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of New South Wales, Australia.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 49(5).
Wolfgang. Some system-theoretical aspects of population
and the family connected with the consequences of population
aging. [Einige systemtheoretische Aspekte von Bevolkerung und
Familie im Zusammenhang mit den Folgen des Alterns einer Bevolkerung.]
Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1988. 133-60
pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng;
The author uses a systems analysis approach to examine the theoretical aspects of the effects of demographic aging on population dynamics, including fertility, and on social institutions in general.
Correspondence: W. Lengsfeld, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Postfach 55 28, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Kevin. Were traditional societies really traditional?
Illegitimacy, infanticide and abandonment in nineteenth century
Alsace. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 87-14, Dec
1987. 20 pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre:
London, Canada; University of Western Ontario, Centre for Canadian
Population Studies: London, Canada. In Eng.
The author challenges the concept that the rise of individualism lies behind the long-term demographic transition experienced by Western societies. He uses an example from Alsace, France, to show the strength of individualism in traditional societies with regard to demographic choices. Data are from a variety of sources including police files on infanticide, child abandonment, abortion, and murder for the period 1800-1870.
Correspondence: Population Studies Centre, Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Yasuyuki. Malthus on oscillation and the first Essay on
Population. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No.
11, May 1988. 31-41 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
Aspects of Malthus's theory of population are considered. The focus is on the theory of cycles, by which increases in population are periodically checked by increases in misery and vice due to overpopulation. The author attempts to show how the concept of population cycles is basic to much of Malthus's thinking on population.
Correspondence: Y. Nakanishi, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Josef. On contemporary demographic structures in Europe:
the explanatory power of economic and sociological frameworks.
Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1988. 115-32
pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Fre;
The author reviews three approaches to the study of modern population trends in an attempt to provide policy-oriented knowledge for Western European planners. These approaches involve "(1) the concepts of industrialization and modernization of the West, (2) economic schools dealing with household-bound marital fertility, and (3) concepts of intergenerational changes of wealth flows and consumer tastes." The focus is on the study of fertility trends and the concerns over low fertility in contemporary Europe.
Correspondence: J. Schmid, Universitat Bamberg, Lehrstuhl fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Hornthalstrasse 2, 8600 Bamberg, Federal Republic of Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Michael S. Demographic change through the lenses of
science and politics. Proceedings of the American Philosophical
Society, Vol. 132, No. 2, 1988. 173-84 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
A historical overview of the changing attitudes and proponents of theories concerning population growth and its implications is presented, with consideration given to mercantilists, physiocrats, utopians, classical economists, Malthusians, neo-Malthusians, Marxist-Leninists, and Chinese Marxists, and the cornucopians of the New Right in the United States.
Correspondence: M. S. Teitelbaum, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 630 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10111. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Dmitryj. Formation of a system of demographic
science. [Ksztaltowanie systemu nauk demograficznych.] Studia
Demograficzne, No. 3/93, 1988. 3-20 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with
sum. in Eng; Rus.
"In this article the theoretical and methodological aspects of [developing a] system of knowledge about population are discussed. [The author asserts] that at the base of complex study on the regularities of population development there is a creative application of methodological principles of many social sciences, [primarily] Marxist philosophy, political economy and scientific communism."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Guillaume. The general relationship between demographic
change and structure: a synthesis of available methods and their
recent application. [Relations generales entre mouvement et
structure demographiques: synthese des methodes et applications
recentes.] Departement de Demographie Working Paper, No. 147, Oct 1988.
16 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Departement de Demographie:
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; CIACO Editeur: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In
An attempt is made to synthesize theoretical developments and their recent applications concerning the relationship between population structure and change in open, non-stable populations. The author notes that although the relationships generally conform to Lotka's equations, their practical utility is not always evident. First, they consist of accountable entities that do not necessarily provide better results than direct calculation. Furthermore, such techniques employ age-specific rates of growth, which are difficult to estimate accurately in the presence of deficient data. Finally, a knowledge of current risks is required if one does not choose to assume the existence of a closed population.
Correspondence: Departement de Demographie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1 Place Montesquieu, Boite 17, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Shelby. Organizational demography. Annual Review of
Sociology, Vol. 14, 1988. 173-202 pp. Palo Alto, California. In Eng.
This is a review of the literature concerning organizational demography, with a focus on intraorganizational demography. The author concludes that "the potential for organizational demography appears great, especially for yielding new insights into organizational behavior. There are also current linkages with internal labor market theory, and linkages with ecological and network theories that are beginning to emerge. New implications stratification theory and national opportunity structures, the dynamics of labor markets, and for research in aging are also indicated. From this review, we conclude that there is much to be gained from theoretical development at the interface of organizations and demography."
Correspondence: S. Stewman, Department of Management and Policy, College of Business and Public Administration, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).
Arthur; Kane, Thomas T. Population handbook. 2nd ed.
ISBN 0-917136-09-8. LC 85-19555. 1988. 67 pp. Population Reference
Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The purpose of the Population Handbook is to clarify and explain demographic terminology in order to aid public understanding and to assist journalists, policy makers, teachers, students, and others who need to understand, cite, and communicate population facts." Sections are included on age and sex composition, fertility, mortality, morbidity, nuptiality, migration, urbanization and distribution, and population change. An appendix contains a glossary of demographic terms, sources of data on censuses and surveys, and population information sources.
For a previous edition, published in 1978, see 44:4862.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 777 14th Street NW, Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20005. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Katsougiannopoulos, Vasilios Ch. Medical
demography. [Iatriki demographia.] 1984. 162 pp. University of
Ioannina, Medical School: Ioannina, Greece. In Gre.
This is a textbook of demography emphasizing medical aspects of the discipline, designed for third year students at the University of Ioannina School of Medicine. The book begins with a short history of demography from the time of Graunt and Farr to the modern era. Chapters are included on mortality, fertility, morbidity measurement and trends, and standardization techniques. Special consideration is given to the analysis of infant mortality and the epidemiological significance of causes of death. The work concludes with a general description of population dynamics, age distribution, and demographic aging. These concepts are illustrated mainly with data for Greece.
Correspondence: V. Katsovgiannopoulos, Department of Hygiene, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Didier. Economic demography. [Demographie
economique.] 2nd ed. 1987-1988. 290, viii pp. Les Cours de Droit:
Paris, France. In Fre.
This textbook on demography is designed for university students in law, economics, and socioeconomic administration. It includes chapters on the importance of the major analytical themes in demography. The scientific study of population, the methodology of measurement and interpretation, the deeper aspects of analysis, the demographic situation in France, problems posed by the global demographic situation, and the influence of population on the economy.
Correspondence: Les Cours de Droit, 158 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
John. Basic demographic measures: a practical guide for
users. ISBN 0-8191-7166-2. LC 88-20664. 1988. ix, 90 pp.
University Press of America: Lanham, Maryland/London, England. In Eng.
The principal measures and concepts used to study population or demographic phenomena are introduced. Examples are presented using hypothetical data for a typical developing country; simple exercises using these materials are provided. The work is intended as a supplement to texts on population and as a reference for the measures they include. Separate chapters are included on age and sex, migration, fertility, mortality, the life table, and population change.
Correspondence: University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).