Volume 54 - Number 4 - Winter 1988

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

54:40566 Bouchard, Gerard; Laberge, Claude; Scriver, Charles R. Demographic reproduction and genetic transmission in the north-east of the province of Quebec (eighteenth-twentieth centuries). [Reproduction demographique et transmission genetique dans le nord-est de la province de Quebec (18e-20e siecles).] European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 4, No. 1, Sep 1988. 39-67 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper provides an overview of the main findings relating to works carried out in [recent] years within SOREP (Inter-university population research center). Those works pertain to the north-east of the province of Quebec (Canada), and particularly to the Saguenay region....The goal of our research is to study the population dynamics at the regional level, from [the] 18th to 20th century, in order to bring about indications on the structure and evolution of the gene pool. Our interest focuses on a few defective genes which cause very severe diseases in those northeastern regions. The paper aims to [illustrate] how population studies as such can help genetic epidemiology and preventive actions in general. Also addressed are ethical and legal issues raised by such an approach relying on the utilization of a population register."
Correspondence: G. Bouchard, SOREP, Universite du Quebec, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40567 Chandrasekhar, S. Growth and characteristics of population--the island of Mauritius: 1767-1987. Population Review, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1988. 11-40 pp. La Jolla, California. In Eng.
Population trends in Mauritius from 1767 to 1987 are reviewed. Consideration is given to data sources, population characteristics, occupations, educational status, and nuptiality. The author also examines recent efforts to slow the rate of population growth through agricultural development, industrialization, emigration, and family planning.
Correspondence: S. Chandrasekhar, Population Review, P.O. Box 8093, La Jolla, CA 92038-8093. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40568 Chretien, Jean-Pierre. Demography and ecology in East Africa at the end of the nineteenth century: an exceptional crisis? [Demographie et ecologie en Afrique orientale a la fin du XIX siecle: une crise exceptionnelle?] Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, Vol. 27, Pt. 1-2, No. 105-106, 1987. 43-59, 225 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The demography of Eastern Africa at the end of the nineteenth century is described. The existence of demographic crises between 1890 and 1930 is confirmed as having been caused by a combination of the Arab slave trade, European incursions, droughts, locust epidemics, cattle plague, smallpox, and sleeping sickness. The author suggests that the population in selected areas may have declined by as much as 50 percent. The fragmentary evidence for demographic crises earlier in the nineteenth century is also considered.
Correspondence: J.-P. Chretien, Centre de Recherches Africaines, Universite de Paris I, 12 Place du Pantheon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: New York Public Library.

54:40569 Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. African populations in the past. [Les population africaines du passe.] In: Population et societes en Afrique au sud du Sahara, edited by Dominique Tabutin. 1988. 51-72 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent research and literature on African demographic history are reviewed. Consideration is given to ecological factors affecting demographic trends, the slave trade, and colonization and the associated economic and epidemiological impacts.
Correspondence: C. Coquery-Vidrovitch, Laboratoire Tiers-Monde Afrique, Universite Paris-7, 2 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40570 Groupe Afrique Noire (Paris, France). Demographic history: the concept of ethnicity. Various research. [Histoire demographique: concept d'ethnie. Recherches diverses.] Groupe Afrique Noire Cahier, No. 8, ISBN 2-85802-552-2. LC 85-240779. 1985. 200 pp. Editions l'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
This report presents research from work conducted at Universite Paris VII on African history. It contains a section concerning African demographic history, including two bibliographies and studies on the slave trade, famine and colonization in Africa, with the primary focus on West Africa.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:40571 Jackson, James H.; Moch, Leslie P. Migration and the social history of modern Europe. Historical Methods, Vol. 22, No. 1, Winter 1989. 27-36 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The role that migration has played in the social history of modern Europe is reviewed. The authors challenge the concept that migration was linked primarily with urbanization and modernization, and suggest that migration played an important role in pre-modern societies as well. The need for an interdisciplinary approach to the study of historical migration patterns is stressed.
Correspondence: L. P. Moch, Department of History, University of Michigan, Flint, MI 48502-2186. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40572 Jewsiewicki, Bogumil. Toward an anthropological-sociological history of population: a proposal for a micro-analysis of contemporary demographic trends in Zaire. [Vers une anthropo-sociologie historique des populations: une proposition de macro-analyse des processus demographiques contemporains au Zaire.] Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, Vol. 27, Pt. 1-2, No. 105-106, 1987. 107-21, 226 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The study of the demographic history of colonial Zaire is considered. The author maintains that it is not possible to separate biological phenomena, such as fertility or mortality, from their social, cultural, political, and economic contexts. The demographic impact of colonial institutions is described, and the author suggests that high fertility was the result of a reorganization of the power structure within the colonial society.
Correspondence: B. Jewsiewicki, Universite Laval, Cite Universitaire, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada. Location: New York Public Library.

54:40573 Manning, Patrick; Griffiths, William S. Divining the unprovable: simulating the demography of African slavery. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 19, No. 2, Autumn 1988. 177-201 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The demographic impact of the slave trade on Africa's population is examined. The authors present a simulation model which facilitates "the systematic application of both demographic principles and historical data to the study of populations influenced by slavery and slave trade....[The] simulation performs an aggregate analysis (appropriate to regional and continental levels rather than local levels), and it performs a long-run analysis (appropriate to decades and generations rather than an individual year). The result is an analysis of the average or generality of the slave trade's impact, rather than of its individual outcomes or its extremes." They conclude that "the Export slave trade reversed African population growth from 1730 to 1850, that the population fell by 3 to 7 million from a base of some 25 million in 1730, and that the population of adult women exceeded that of adult men by 15 to 20 percent throughout the region during that century."
Correspondence: P. Manning, Department of History, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

54:40574 Margulis, Mario. Development and population in Imperial Spain (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries). [Desarrollo y poblacion en la Espana imperial (siglos XVI al XVIII).] Dec 1987. 107 pp. Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Population trends in Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century are analyzed, with an emphasis on the relationships among demographic factors and the economic, political, and social changes associated with the development of Spain's worldwide colonial empire. Consideration is given to the significant changes in the political structure that occurred over the course of the two centuries as well as to the demographic impact of such events as the expulsion of the Moors, the plague, and the colonization of the Americas.
Correspondence: Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Colegio de Mexico, Camino al Ajusco 20, Pedregal de Sta. Teresa, 10740 Mexico City, D.F., Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40575 Posse, Zulmara C. S. Prehistoric population studies. [Estudos de populacao pre-historica.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 2, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1985. 99-127 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
Studies concerning prehistoric populations in the Americas are discussed. "A review is made of research conducted in America focusing...on indigenous populations prior to contacts with Europeans, and those which, employing archaeological and historical sources, seek to evaluate the population and establish depopulation indexes for the said societies."
Correspondence: Z. C. S. Posse, Universidade Federal do Parana, Rua 15 de Novembro 1299, 80000 Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:40576 Sutton, Douglas G. Maori demographic change, 1769-1840: the inner workings of "a picturesque but illogical simile" Journal of the Polynesian Society, Vol. 95, No. 3, Sep 1986. 291-339 pp. Auckland, New Zealand. In Eng.
Population dynamics of the Maori population of New Zealand from 1769 to 1840 are examined. This period involved the first major contact between the Maori population and the European-origin population.
Correspondence: D. G. Sutton, University of Auckland, Private Bag, Auckland 1, New Zealand. Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, HI.

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

54:40577 Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. African demographic history: a review of the question in anglophone literature. [Histoire demographique africaine: l'etat de la question dans la litterature anglophone.] Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, Vol. 27, Pt. 1-2, No. 105-106, 1987. 203-11 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a review of recent English-language works on African demographic history.
Correspondence: C. Coquery-Vidrovitch, Universite de Paris VII, 2 Place Jussieu, 75221 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: New York Public Library.

54:40578 Haines, Michael R. Economic history and historical demography: past, present, and future. In: The future of economic history, edited by Alexander J. Field. Recent Economic Thought Series, ISBN 0-89838-217-3. LC 86-7182. 1987. 185-253 pp. Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing: Norwell, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The present essay surveys some aspects of the study of population of particular interest to researchers in economic history. Primary emphasis will be (a) on methodology and sources, and (b) on the substantive study of fertility, mortality, marriage, and economic-demographic interrelations. Secondary emphasis is placed on other topics with important demographic content, such as household and family structure, internal and international migration, and labor force demography....The objective here is to provide an up-to-date although noncomprehensive survey of present research and an evaluation of future prospects." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:40579 Haines, Michael R.; Anderson, Barbara A. New demographic history of the late 19th-century United States. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 25, No. 4, Oct 1988. 341-65 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
"This paper presents a partial survey of work on the historical demography of the United States, emphasizing the late 19th century. The use of micro data sources and new methods are of particular interest. Fertility and mortality receive primary attention, although other areas are covered." Among the data sources discussed are state and federal censuses, census manuscripts, vital statistics registers, and labor force studies.
Correspondence: M. Haines, Department of Economics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

54:40580 Perrot, Claude-Helene. The influence of demographic fluctuations on the Akan societies of the south-eastern Ivory Coast. [La sensibilite des societes akan du sud-est de la Cote d'Ivoire aux fluctuations demographiques.] Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, Vol. 27, Pt. 1-2, No. 105-106, 1987. 167-75, 227 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The use of oral history to study demographic history is explored using an example from the Ivory Coast. The author attempts to trace the course of demographic surges and contractions during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries using data on cultural changes obtained from oral histories.
Correspondence: C.-H. Perrot, Centre de Recherches Africaines, Universite de Paris I, 12 Place du Pantheon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: New York Public Library.

54:40581 Rogers, John. Family reconstitution: new information or misinformation? Meddelande fran Familjehistoriska Projektet/Reports from the Family History Group, No. 7, ISBN 91-506-0688-3. 1988. 51 pp. Uppsala University, Department of History, Family History Group: Uppsala, Sweden. In Eng.
The author assesses the influence of migration on the methodology of family reconstitution. "Using data from a highly mobile area in Sweden during the nineteenth century, this study analyzes the effects of migration on three key demographic variables: age at marriage, age-specific marital fertility and adult mortality. It was found that estimates based on a family reconstitution would have underestimated mean age at marriage by between 0.7 and 3.7 per cent, total marital fertility by between 0.5 and 2.4 per cent and adult mortality by 1.1 per cent or less. The results are reassuring for future use of the technique as well as providing more confidence in the results of past studies."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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