54:40001 Song, Jian;
Yu, Jingyuan. Population system control. ISBN
0-387-18288-8. LC 87-30187. 1988. xi, 286 pp. China Academic
Publishers: Beijing, China; Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin,
Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
A systems analysis approach to the study of population is presented. The focus is on recent research undertaken in China on population system control theory and its application. "In Chapter Two, the authors have tried to explain the classical definitions and theories from a new standpoint, beginning with the population systems equation. Chapter Three redefines the classical descriptions of demographic indices and establishes new formulae for calculation. Chapter Four studies comprehensively the dynamic characteristics of the population system. In the fifth chapter, the central instability theorem of population systems is proved in various forms and a decisive parameter of critical fertility rate is derived in explicit form. Chapter Six summarizes the basis and methods of population control policy evaluation. A recent important conclusion reached in population studies is that inevitably man will see the emergence of societies with zero growth rate. Analysis of the population structure in this kind of society is given in Chapter Seven. Finally, Chapter Eight presents in detail optimization theory of birth control policy and its applications...." The data and examples given are primarily taken from China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Solomon. The world population on the threshold of the 21st
century. Social Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1988. 33-47 pp. Moscow,
USSR. In Eng.
Global population trends are reviewed. The author rejects the idea that demographic factors exert a decisive affect on socioeconomic development, and maintains the Marxist-Leninist view that demographic trends are a reflection of socioeconomic systems. He suggests that the resources of the planet can support a larger population than it contains at present providing these resources are used rationally.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
54:40003 Cruz, M.;
D'Ayala, P. G.; Marcus, E.; McElroy, J. L.; Rossi, O. The
demographic dynamics of small island societies. Ekistics, Vol. 54,
No. 323-324, Mar-Jun 1987. 110-5 pp. Athens, Greece. In Eng.
"The analysis of several case histories drawn from different areas of the world uncovers a general pattern of social and demographic behavior in small islands and island microstates. From the Mediterranean to the Caribbean and Pacific areas, islands have experienced cycles of swift demographic changes, increases or decreases, well beyond natural birth and death rate balances. Such sudden fluctuations significantly complicate planning for long-term sustainability in such micro-insular societies." Consideration is given to the effects of natural disasters, problems arising from economic specialization, the impact of the spread of Western diseases, and migration. Policy implications are also discussed.
Correspondence: M. Cruz, Planning Bureau, Government of Guam, Agana, Guam. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).
Philippe. Global inequalities. [Desequilibres
mondiaux.] Projet, No. 192, Mar-Apr 1985. 19-26 pp. Paris, France. In
Contemporary global population trends are reviewed. The author notes that not only are differences between developed and developing countries increasing, but differences among developing countries have become significant. Factors leading to reductions in fertility are considered, followed by a discussion of the effects of such demographic trends on the potential for international conflict.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Henri. Demography, how one speaks it and how one does
it. [La demographie, comme on la parle et comme on la fait.]
Projet, No. 192, Mar-Apr 1985. 9-17 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Reasons why demographic variables have to be taken into consideration in the resolution of society's problems are described, using the examples of developments in France in the school-age population, health expenditures, and costs of providing for retirement. The author then reviews the development of the study of demography and its contemporary position in relation to other disciplines.
Correspondence: H. Leridon, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Hamish. The changing nature of population education for
workers. International Labour Review, Vol. 127, No. 5, 1988.
559-71 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The efforts of the International Labour Office (ILO) to educate workers in developing countries about population issues and family planning are discussed. "The author traces the evolution of ILO thinking from population control to family planning to family and community welfare and discusses the rationale for concentrating on the industrial sector, the programmes' orientation, content and methods, and the need to involve personnel managers and trade union leaders in particular."
Correspondence: H. Richards, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).
Nafis. Safeguarding the future. Populi, Vol. 15, No.
2, Jun 1988. 4-37 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the 1988 State of the World Population Report by the Executive Director of UNFPA. He "examines the complex relationships among population, resources and the environment and makes a series of recommendations for developed and developing countries." It is concluded that "increasing human demands are damaging the natural resource base--land, water and air--upon which all life depends. High fertility and rapid population growth are contributing to the process. In developing countries, slower growth and more even distribution of population would help to take pressure off agricultural land, energy sources, vital watersheds, and forest areas, giving time for governments, the private sector and the international community to evolve strategies for sustainable development."
Correspondence: N. Sadik, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Lester C. Why the ultimate size of the world's population
doesn't matter. Technology Review, Vol. 89, No. 6, Aug-Sep 1986.
22, 29 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author develops the argument that the total size of the world's population is not relevant to the debate concerning what size population the world's resources can support. He maintains that the critical factor is the life-style that the population adopts. He also asserts that the rate of economic development depends on how fast the population is growing, not on its size.
Correspondence: L. C. Thurow, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139. Location: Princeton University Library (ST).
Dawn. Re-thinking what we do and how we do it: a study of
reproductive decisions. Canadian Review of Sociology and
Anthropology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie et d'Anthropologie, Vol.
25, No. 2, May 1988. 231-53 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in
"This paper examines the current impasse which feminism has created by promoting methodology as an end in itself. Stanley and Wise...in particular, argue that feminist consciousness is a 'way of doing feminist research' which must reject a masculinist structure-orientation. Challenging their claim that feminist research cannot and should not 'go beyond' the realm of personal experience, the author discusses her current research on reproductive decision-making which highlights the necessity of transcending the strictly personal worlds of women. The author argues that debates about 'masculine scientific' versus 'feminist personal' methodologies are better understood in the context of testing established theory through logio-deductive research as opposed to the discovery of grounded theory...through an inductive approach." The data concern women living in the London area, and were collected during the period 1984-1985.
Correspondence: D. Currie, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 0W0, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
54:40010 Lee, Ronald
D. Was Malthus right? Diminishing returns, homeostasis
and induced technological change. Program in Population Research
Working Paper, No. 21, Jun 1986. 14,  pp. University of California,
Institute of International Studies, Program in Population Research:
Berkeley, California. In Eng.
Malthusian theory and the work of Boserup are discussed and compared in an attempt to answer questions about past population growth and its effects on technological progress and the world economy. The author tries to demonstrate "how Malthusian forces tended weakly but persistently to steer population toward equilibrium, and how fluctuations of population about this equilibrium did cause reduced per capita incomes due to diminishing returns to labor in largely agricultural and land based economies."
Correspondence: Program in Population Research, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Julian L. Some theory of population growth's effect on
technical change in an industrial context. Australian Economic
History Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Sep 1986. 148-58 pp. Sydney, Australia.
The evidence for the assumption that additional people reduce the rate of innovation due to reduced wages is examined. The author concludes that any negative effect is counteracted by the impact of increased demand due to population growth.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Krishnan. Ecological demography: its place in
sociology. American Sociological Review, Vol. 53, No. 4, Aug 1988.
619-33 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author asserts that "contrary to the popular image, ecological demography (a partnership between demography and human ecology) promises the most systematic and comprehensive treatment of the core of sociology--the study of societies and social systems. I do not intend in this short essay to present a full-scale defense of this assertion; rather, I indicate how a defense might proceed."
Correspondence: K. Namboodiri, Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1353. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vladimir. Cultural model and demographic regional patterns
in the light of ethnography. Revue Roumaine des Sciences Sociales:
Serie de Sociologie, Vol. 31, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1987. 59-69 pp.
Bucharest, Romania. In Eng.
An interdisciplinary approach to the study of demographic problems is proposed, with a focus on the effects of psychological factors on demographic behavior. The value of using the techniques and methodology of ethnography and cultural anthropology to analyze the causes of current demographic patterns is stressed. The geographical focus is on Romania.
This is a revised and expanded version of the Romanian article, also published in 1987; see 53:30026.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A. Ya. A course in demography. [Kurs demografii.] 3rd
ed. 1985. 391 pp. Finansy i Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This textbook of demography contains three main sections. The first, on theoretical principles of demography, includes chapters on demographic methods, population law, measurement, population theory, and population projection. The second, on population statistics, deals with censuses, calculation of natural increase and migration, history of population data, sample surveys, and methods of constructing demographic tables. The third, on demographic facts and their interpretation, covers economic conditions and population change, demographic history, the contemporary demographic situation, population policy in the USSR, bourgeois concepts of the role of demographic factors, and concepts of population growth.
Location: Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Istvan. Demography. [Demografia.] ISBN 963-18-0382-1.
1988. 319 pp. Tankonyvkiado: Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
This is a textbook on demography for use at the undergraduate level. The book is divided into five substantive sections, which are concerned with the historical development of demographic concepts, the census, natural and artificial population movements, the theory of population growth, and the question of pro-natalist policies. The primary geographical focus is on Hungary. Data are from official Hungarian sources and from U.N. sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Peter A. What tomorrow's demographers will be called upon
to do. Rand Paper, No. P-7469, Jul 1988. iv, 21 pp. Rand
Corporation: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
"While their careers may be adacemic, demographers' specialized knowledge and technical skills will draw many of them, on occasion, into nonacademic pursuits. This paper examines the implications of that premise for the graduate training of demographers [in the United States]. It considers what the nonacademic world will seek from them, what societal concerns will shape the content of their pursuits, and the types of questions businesses will put to them." The author outlines several possibilities for the acquisition of the necessary skills within the context of academic training.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 54, No. 3, p. 433).
Correspondence: Rand Corporation, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).