Volume 54 - Number 3 - Fall 1988

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

54:30543 Bouchard, Gerard; Larouche, Jeannette. The social parameters of family reproduction in Saguenay (1842-1911). [Parametres sociaux de la reproduction familiale au Saguenay (1842-1911).] Sociologie et Societes, Vol. 19, No. 1, Apr 1987. 133-44 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The family files in the population network files of the Saguenay [Canada] are used here to isolate the social parameters of family reproduction in the region between 1842 and 1911, which corresponds to the period of population settlement. Particular attention is paid to a) the kinship tie as a support of rural society, as studied through several forms of coresidence, b) the inequalities accompanying the transmission of land and the establishment of children, and c) literacy as an indicator of social differentiation. It was observed that, despite disparities created between elder and younger sons and between boys and girls, family reproduction pursued an egalitarian course. This orientation was to be compromised, however, by the tensions and constraints accompanying the saturation of arable lands around 1920 to 1930."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:30544 Cozzetto, Fausto. The Mezzogiorno and demography in the fifteenth century. [Mezzogiorno e demografia nel XV secolo.] Biblioteca di Storia e Cultura Meridionale, No. 3, LC 86-213782. 1986. ix, 202 pp. Rubbettino Editore: Catanzaro, Italy. In Ita.
This is a guide to the historical data available in the Liber Focorum Regni Neapolis, an archive preserved at the Biblioteca Civica Berio in Genoa, Italy. The data primarily concern the Kingdom of Naples in the fifteenth century. One of the chapters contains a description of the demographic data available for three Calabrian towns of Soverato, Isca, and San Andrea in 1447.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30545 Dupaquier, Jacques; Biraben, Jean-Noel; Etienne, Robert; Pietri, Charles; Pietri, Luce; Bautier, Henri; Dubois, Henri; Higounet-Nadal, Arlette; Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane. The history of the French population. Part 1: from the beginning to the renaissance. [Histoire de la population francaise. 1: des origines a la renaissance.] ISBN 2-13-040109-0. 1988. xxi, 565 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This book, the first in a planned series of four volumes on the history of the population of France, is concerned with the population history of France from its origins to the end of the Middle Ages. Separate chapters are included on the prehistoric period; Roman Gaul; the High Middle Ages; the medieval population surge; urban growth; the population decline of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; the demographic revival; hygiene, illness, war, and death; migration; and the medieval family.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30546 Galloway, Patrick R. Basic patterns in annual variations in fertility, nuptiality, mortality, and prices in pre-industrial Europe. Population Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2, Jul 1988. 275-302 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The present study focuses on the relationship between annual variations in grain prices and annual fluctuations in fertility, nuptiality, mortality, and population growth in a number of pre-industrial European countries. The direction, magnitude, and temporal structure of the responses of vital rates of fluctuations in grain prices are estimated, and differences and similarities of response are discussed. The analysis allows inferences to be made about the relative strength of the short-term Malthusian preventive and positive checks and about the role development, income, and urbanization levels play in the determination of the timing and magnitude of these checks....[Data are for five periods:] pre-plague (before 1348), plague (1348 to the 1670s), post-plague and pre-demographic transition (1675 to about 1870), demographic transition (from around 1870 to the first half of the twentieth century), and post-World War II."
Correspondence: P. R. Galloway, Graduate Group in Demography, Program in Population Research, University of California, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30547 Garcia Espana, E.; Molinie-Bertrand, A. The 1591 census of Castile. An analytical study. [Censo de Castilla de 1591. Estudio analitico.] ISBN 84-260-1368-6. 1986. 923 pp. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is an analysis of the results of the 1591 census of Castile, which makes up the major part of present-day Spain. The first part examines aspects of space, time, and society in the context of the census results. The second part consists primarily of regional analyses.
For the results of the census on which this analysis is based, published in 1984, see elsewhere in this issue.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30548 Kedelski, Mieczyslaw. Pre-partition population census of the Poznan diocese (1765-1769). [Przedrozbiorowy spis ludnosci diecezji Poznanskiej (1765-1769).] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, Vol. 17, 1987. 221-35 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
Data are presented from a census conducted during the 1760s in the Poznan diocese of Poland. They concern population by parish, sex, and Catholic or other ("dissident") category.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30549 Knodel, John E. Demographic behavior in the past. A study of fourteen German village populations in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 6, ISBN 0-521-32715-6. LC 87-20601. 1988. xxv, 587 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This book provides a detailed examination of the demographic behavior of families during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in a sample of fourteen villages in five different regions of Germany. It is based on the reconstituted family histories of vital events (births, deaths and marriages) compiled by genealogies for the entire populations of these villages. The book applies the type of micro-level analysis possible with family reconstitution data for the crucial period leading to and encompassing the early stages of the demographic transition, including the initial onset of the decline of fertility to low modern levels....[Factors considered] include infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, marriage, marital dissolution, bridal pregnancy and illegitimacy. The core of the study, however, deals with marital reproduction, examining the modernization of reproductive behavior in terms of the transition from a situation of natural fertility to one characterized by pervasive family limitation."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30550 Landry, Yves; Legare, Jacques. The life course of seventeenth-century immigrants to Canada. Journal of Family History, Vol. 12, No. 1-3, 1987. 201-12 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
The authors seek to identify demographic parameters for individuals who immigrated to Canada before 1680, using data on individual life courses from early French Canadian population registers. "The analysis covers not only the timing of the marriages and births of children of the immigrants, from their arrival to their death, but also the intensity of the phenomena that characterize their family life. The idea is to identify the proportion of individuals who lived through the main phases of the family life cycle (pre-parental, parental, post-parental) and to measure their timing....The study takes into account such basic variables as sex, length of life, number of marriages contracted, and number of children born."
Correspondence: Y. Landry, Programme de Recherche en Demographie Historique, Universite de Montreal, Caise Postale 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30551 Legoyt, Alfred. The first French population censuses, up to 1856. [Les premiers recensements de la population en France, jusqu'en 1856.] Journal de la Societe de Statistique de Paris, Vol. 128, No. 4, 1987. 243-57 pp. Nancy, France. In Fre.
The author identifies and describes data collected concerning population size and trends in France before 1856. The article is divided into two sections; the first deals with data sources before 1800, and the second is concerned with nineteenth-century sources before 1856. This is an extract of an article originally published in 1860.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30552 Mbaye, Saliou. Sources of demographic history of the Sahel countries preserved in the archives (1816-1960). [Sources de l'histoire demographique des pays du Sahel conservees dans les archives (1816-1960).] Etudes et Travaux de l'USED, No. 7, 1986. 328 pp. Institut du Sahel: Bamako, Mali. In Fre.
This is a list of the available sources of historical demographic data for the countries of the Sahel, including Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and the Sudan. A section is included for each country and for the former French colonial region of Afrique Occidentale Francaise, consisting of an introduction, a list of archival sources, published sources, and a bibliography. There are no annotations or descriptions of contents.
Correspondence: Institut du Sahel, B.P. 1530, Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30553 Palloni, Alberto; Komlos, John. On the role of crises in historical perspective. Population and Development Review, Vol. 14, No. 1, Mar 1988. 145-70 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Two separate comments on a recent article by Susan C. Watkins and Jane Menken concerning the relationship between famines and population growth in preindustrial societies are presented. Alberto Palloni proposes alternative models that emphasize the role of crises such as famines in controlling population, and argues that the boom and bust model accurately reflects the demographic situation in preindustrial Europe. John Komlos uses data for England to argue that regional, rather than national, crises played a crucial role in slowing down population growth in the preindustrial era. A reply by Watkins and Menken is included (pp. 165-70).
For the study by Watkins and Menken, published in 1985, see 52:10575.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30554 Roman, Louis. Historical demography of Romania, 1978-1984. Analytical bibliography. [Demographie historique de la Roumanie, 1978-1984. Bibliographie analytique.] Revue Roumaine d'Histoire, Vol. 24, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1985. 351-72 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Fre.
This bibliography, which is selectively annotated, lists works on the historical demography of Romania published between 1978 and 1984. It is divided into reference works, data sources, studies, conference proceedings, and the work of the Historical Demography Laboratory of the University of Bucharest's History and Philosophy Faculty.
For a previous bibliography covering the years 1972-1978, published by the same author in 1980, see 48:20754.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:30555 Rosenwaike, Ira. On the edge of greatness: a portrait of American Jewry in the early national period. Publications of the American Jewish Archives, No. 14, ISBN 0-87820-013-4. LC 85-6048. 1985. xvi, 189 pp. American Jewish Archives: Cincinnati, Ohio. In Eng.
A demographic analysis of the Jewish population of the United States in the early nineteenth century is presented. Data are from the 1830 census, supplemented by city directories, vital records, and other contemporary sources. Topics covered include settlement and growth patterns before 1830, immigrant origins, spatial distribution, the size of Jewish urban communities, household structure, and occupations.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

54:30556 Gutmann, Myron P.; Fliess, Kenneth H. A research seminar in historical demography for undergraduates. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 10: 1988, No. 10.03, Apr 1988. 19, [2] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The authors describe a seminar on historical demography that was taught in the Plan II Honors Program at the University of Texas at Austin. They then "draw some conclusions about the utility of this experience for communicating demographic research skills and understanding to students." The geographical focus is on two towns in Texas.
This paper was originally presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. For more information, see the abstracts to PAA papers at the beginning of this issue.
Correspondence: Texas Population Research Center, University of Texas, 601 Colorado Street, Austin, TX 78701. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:30557 Schuurman, A. J. Historical demography and social history. Some new trends. [Historische demografie en sociale geschiedenis. Enkele nieuwe ontwikkelingen.] Tijdschrift voor Sociale Geschiedenis, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1985. 375-86 pp. Leiden, Netherlands. In Dut.
Recent literature on methods of historical demographic research is reviewed. Two methods in particular are singled out: the method of family reconstitution developed in France by Henry and others, and the method of back projection developed in England by Wrigley and Schofield. The author also describes a method of semi-automatic family reconstitution developed by Bardet using computers.
Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL.

Copyright © 1988-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.