Volume 54 - Number 2 - Summer 1988

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

54:20001 Espenshade, Thomas J.; Stolnitz, George J. Technological prospects and population trends. AAAS Selected Symposium, No. 103, ISBN 0-8133-7470-7. LC 87-50897. 1987. xxiii, 211 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado; American Association for the Advancement of Science: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This book contains eight papers from a symposium entitled Technological Prospects and Population Trends, which was held at the 150th National Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in New York City, May 1984. Authors of the papers examine the relationship between demographic factors and technological change in such areas as agriculture, education, industry, contraception, life expectancy, and health care and biomedical advances affecting mortality and fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20002 Fornos, Werner. Gaining people, losing ground: a blueprint for stabilizing world population. ISBN 0-9619165-1-6. LC 87-62205. 1987. viii, 121 pp. Population Institute: Washington, D.C.; Science Press: Ephrata, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
This is a general introduction to the problems posed by the rapid growth of the world's population and what can be done to reduce the rate of population growth. The characteristics and consequences of current population growth are first described, and factors affecting fertility are identified. The author then presents brief case studies of 20 countries. Finally, current trends in international assistance for population activities are considered. Appendixes include data on the costs of providing adequate family planning services to developing countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20003 Kasun, Jacqueline. The war against population: the economics and ideology of world population control. ISBN 0-89870-191-0. LC 87-83505. 1988. 225 pp. Ignatius Press: San Francisco, California. In Eng.
The author critically examines the assumptions that the world's population is growing too quickly and that rapid population growth has an adverse effect on social and economic development. She consequently rejects the need for population control and for the network of organizations and funding that has evolved in order to assist countries around the world in reducing their rate of population growth. Attention is paid to the role of U.S. foreign aid in population activities, the nature of the sex education movement, and adolescent pregnancy, with the primary focus on the United States. The author concludes that government should not get involved in social planning of this kind and should not attempt to influence the reproductive decisions of individuals.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20004 Pol, Louis G. Business demography: a guide and reference for business planners and marketers. Vol. xvi, 289, ISBN 0-89930-218-1. LC 87-2494. 1987. Quorum Books: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This introduction to demography, designed for business planners and marketers, shows how the principles of demography may be profitably applied in any type of corporate or institutional setting. The book begins with a review of demographic trends in the United States over the past 40 years, with emphasis on related business opportunities and problems. Consideration is then given to data sources and methods of data selection and use. Trends in fertility, mortality, and migration and their impact on the business environment are examined. The author then discusses population composition, geographic concepts, spatial distribution, and population estimates and projections. The final section contains five chapters: "population policy, two chapters on data and methods in an applied setting, international business issues, and an overview. This is the applied section of the book, and the majority of demography/business environment relationships are discussed here." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

54:20005 Kreager, Philip. New light on Graunt. Population Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1, Mar 1988. 129-40 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"How did Graunt arrive at the fundamental idea of underlying quantitative regularities in vital events? This paper examines the Natural and Political Observations (1662) in the context of contemporary concepts of method to which Graunt himself referred. The first section outlines the logic of his text as a whole. The second considers the concept of population he employed, and the arithmetical devices he used to check the internal consistency of the bills of mortality. It is shown that the Observations follows step by step the method of natural history outlined by Francis Bacon; and that Graunt's anticipation of statistical techniques can be explained as an application of bookkeeping arithmetic within Bacon's methodology. The third and fourth sections of the paper then note the religious and mercantile models of society within which Graunt applied his method."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20006 Piskunov, V. P. The inadequacy of the "narrow understanding" of population reproduction for disclosing its self-reproducing mechanisms. [O neadekvatnosti "uzkogo ponimaniya" vosproizvodstva naseleniya resheniyu zadachi raskrytiya mekhanizma ego samovosproizvedeniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 11, 1987. 13-33 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The author points out limitations within demographic analysis of a narrow definition of the concept of population reproduction. The concept of measuring not only quantitative but also qualitative aspects of population reproduction is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20007 Preston, Samuel H. The social sciences and the population problem. Sociological Forum, Vol. 2, No. 4, Fall 1987. 619-44 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"Four essentially independent conceptions of the population problem are visible in current discussions. One is derived from macroeconomics, one from microeconomics, one from the health sciences, and one from ethical concerns about the just relation between man and nature. After describing these conceptions, this paper addresses the population problem principally using the economic definitions. It cites five reasons why discussions of the economic hazards posed by population growth have become markedly less alarmist in the past decade. Failures of highly quantified input-output models to account for human progress are emphasized. The paper presents examples of how technical demography has shed light on the dimensions of and solutions to the population problem and concludes with a brief discussion of contemporary population problems in the U.S."
Correspondence: S. H. Preston, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

54:20008 Biswas, Suddhendu; Ebraheem, Nather A. Applicability of the Malthusian law of population growth: a note on India's experience. Demography India, Vol. 16, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1987. 119-35 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
The applicability of Malthusian theory to accelerating population growth rates in India is considered. The authors examine whether "accelerating growth rates in the context of moderately changing fertility rates can give rise to a geometric pattern of growth rate at least for a few decades." Data are from the 1971 and 1981 censuses of India and from U.N. estimates.
Correspondence: S. Biswas, Department of Mathematical Statistics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110 007, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20009 Dooley, Peter C. Malthus on long swings: the general case. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 21, No. 1, Feb 1988. 200-7 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This is a critique of A. M. C. Waterman's interpretation of Malthus's theory of long swings of population expansion and contraction. A reply by Waterman is included (pp. 206-7).
For the study by Waterman, published in 1987, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: P. C. Dooley, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W0, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20010 Gruzin, V. S. The development of individuals in employment as a means of improving population reproduction. [Razvitie individov v trude kak pokazatel' sovershenstvovaniya vosproizvodstva naseleniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 11, 1987. 48-58 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The interrelationships among individual development, population reproduction, and labor force change are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20011 Inaba, Hisashi. A semigroup approach to the strong ergodic theorem of the multistate stable population process. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1988. 49-77, 123 pp. New York, New York/London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper we first formulate the dynamics of multistate stable population processes as a partial differential equation. Next, we rewrite this equation as an abstract differential equation in a Banach space, and solve it by using the theory of strongly continuous semigroups of bounded linear operators. Subsequently, we investigate the asymptotic behavior of this semigroup to show the strong ergodic theorem which states that there exists a stable distribution independent of the initial distribution. Finally, we introduce the dual problem in order to obtain a logical definition for the reproductive value and we discuss its applications."
Correspondence: H. Inaba, Institute of Population Problems, 2-2 1-Chome, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20012 Inaba, Hisashi. Mathematical foundations of multidimensional stable population theory I: classical theory. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 184, Pub. Order No. 52-77. Oct 1987. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author describes the mathematical foundations of multidimensional stable populations of the type considered by Lotka and Von Foerster.
Correspondence: H. Inaba, Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20013 Kopchak, S. I.; Kornelyuk, V. P. Some discussions on the systematic study of population growth as a subject of demography. [Nekotorye diskussionnye voprosy sistemnogo izucheniya vosproizvodstva naseleniya kak predmeta demografii.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 11, 1987. 33-48 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The study of population growth as part of a biological and social system is examined. Investigations of the topic in Marxist-Leninist writings are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20014 Waterman, A. M. C. On the Malthusian theory of long swings. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 20, No. 2, May 1987. 257-70 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In the Essay on Population economic growth consists of alternating surges of population (during which real wages fall and the rate of profit rises) and capital (during which the reverse occurs). A series of temporary equilibria exists at which wages are maximal, the rate of profit minimal, and fully employed work-force in technically determined relation to fixed capital stock. Between these equilibria occur episodes of excess labour, below-maximum wages, above minimum profit-rate and capital accumulation. Malthus's 'ratios' presuppose a logarithmic production function that implies first, that the full-employment real wage will fall to subsistence; secondly, that the full-employment 'wages fund' is constant."
Correspondence: A. M. C. Waterman, St. John's College, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2M5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20015 Woods, Robert. Malthus, Marx and population crises. In: A world in crisis? Geographical perspectives, edited by R. J. Johnston and P. J. Taylor. ISBN 0-631-13466-2. LC 85-13440. 1986. 127-49 pp. Basil Blackwell: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this chapter I shall first review the current state of the world demographic system using [a] neo-Malthusian perspective. Secondly, the notion of a crisis of numbers will be questioned in the context of other potential causes of population-related crises and the long-term recurrence of similar events. Thirdly, the chapter will examine the Malthusian principle at greater length by contrasting it with the notion of surplus population advanced in Marxian political economy."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

54:20016 Cliquet, R. L. On the increasing mutual importance of bio-anthropology and demography in modern culture. [Over het toenemend wederzijds belang van bio-antropologie en demografie in de moderne cultuur.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, Dec 1987. 107-29 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author comments on both the historical and current relationship between the fields of biology and demography. "It is argued that especially in modern culture with its increasing intervention in the basic demographic mechanisms, more attention should be paid to the demographic-biological interrelations. Modern culture has, by changing mortality, nuptiality, fertility and migration trends, not only quantitative but also qualitative effects on the population structure and composition. Some of those effects might, in the short or long term, favourably or unfavourably influence mankind's biological future. This perspective can only incite us to tighten the bonds between biology and demography."
Correspondence: R. L. Cliquet, Department of Anthropology and Social Biology, Rijksuniversiteit te Gent, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 25, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:20017 Ivanov, V. N.; Maslova, O. M. The application of sociological methods in the study of population in the USSR. [Primenenie sotsiologicheskikh metodov pri izuchenii narodonaseleniya v SSSR.] In: Demograficheskoe razvitie v SSSR, edited by L. L. Rybakovskii. Demografiya: Problemy i Perspektivy, 1985. 109-25 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The authors assess the application of sociological methods in the study of population in the USSR.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:20018 Merrick, Thomas W.; Tordella, Stephen J. Demographics: people and markets. Population Bulletin, Vol. 43, No. 1, Feb 1988. 49 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The use of demographic data for business purposes in the United States is discussed, with a focus on sources and methods of demographics. "This guide explains market, product, and site analyses, discusses data sources and resources, and includes case studies involving the General Motors Corporation, Bell Atlantic, the Country Mart in Omaha, Nebraska, and Market Statistics, Inc. Post-war population trends have had an enormous impact on consumer and labor markets....As the baby-boom generation moves through the life cycle, they have affected school systems, housing, and the job market: other age-sensitive goods and services are now affected by the aging of the population....Another shift is that households have been growing more rapidly than the population, with individuals living alone and childless couples contributing much of the growth. Geographic patterns of regional distribution have also altered, with the South and West accounting for most of U.S. population increase. Advances in computerized access to data describing these changes and increased consciousness of their economic significance have spurred the application of demographic knowledge by managers and the growth of the demographics information industry."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 777 14th Street NW, Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20005. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

54:20019 Ghosh, B. N. Fundamentals of population geography. ISBN 81-207-0184-4. 1985. xii, 252 pp. Sterling Publishers Private: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is intended as a basic textbook on population geography. The approach is interdisciplinary, combining demography, sociology, and economics as well as geography. The geographical focus is worldwide, but an appendix is included on the population of India. The main emphasis of the book is on the spatial analysis of population dynamics, the sources and evaluation of data, and socioeconomic implications of data analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1988-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.