Volume 54 - Number 1 - Spring 1988

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

54:10607 Bean, Lee L.; Anderton, Douglas L.; Mineau, Geraldine P.; Hsueh, Yung-chang. The fertility effects of marriage patterns in a frontier American population. Historical Methods, Vol. 20, No. 4, Fall 1987. 161-71 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper [examines] the marital and fertility experience of women born between 1800 and 1899 who participated in the settlement, colonization, and development of a region that marked one of the last frontier settlements in [U.S.] history." The focus is on the effects of different marriage patterns, particularly polygyny, on fertility. "In conclusion, cumulative fertility behavior within periods of exposure was found to be similar across substantial variations in both marital histories and arrangements."
Correspondence: L. L. Bean, Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10608 Bouchard, Gerard; de Pourbaix, Isabelle. Individual and family life courses in the Saguenay region, Quebec, 1842-1911. Journal of Family History, Vol. 12, No. 1-3, 1987. 225-42 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Because it embraces such a long period and wide area, the computerized reconstruction of families based on a regional population register opens up new perspectives for research into social reproduction, as well as geographic and social mobility. The study makes use of the Saguenay population register to study individual and family life courses over two generations. Focus is mostly upon the demographic and occupational factors that determine social conditions and reproduction of families. More specifically, discussion and findings center upon theoretical and methodological issues raised by the study of social reproduction and family inheritance systems; a description of individual and family histories from a demographic and occupational standpoint; an account of the strategies that families adopt to establish children as farmers in a predominantly rural society."
Correspondence: G. Bouchard, SOREP, Universite du Quebec, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10609 Bussini, Odoardo. Camerino from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century: demographic trends and social aspects. [Camerino tra XVI e XIX secolo: evoluzione demografica e aspetti sociali.] Pubblicazioni della Facolta de Giurisprudenza della Universita di Camerino, No. 31, 1986. 354 pp. Universita di Camerino, Facolta di Giurisprudenza: Camerino, Italy. In Ita.
Demographic developments in the town of Camerino in the Italian province of Marches are analyzed for the period from the middle of the sixteenth century to 1861. Chapters are included on population characteristics, fertility, mortality, marriage, migration, and natural increase. Data are from a variey of local administrative and religious sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10610 Houdaille, Jacques. Four villages in the Morvan, 1610-1870. [Quatre villages du Morvan, 1610-1870.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 4-5, Jul-Oct 1987. 649-70 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This study is based on family reconstitution for four villages in the Morvan region of France with a population of about 6,000. Topics covered include literacy, fertility, mortality, and social inequality. The relationship between means of land tenure and fertility is considered.
Correspondence: J. Houdaille, INED, 27 Rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10611 Khalatbari, Parviz. Continuity and discontinuity of population movement prior to the Industrial Revolution. [Kontinuitat und Diskontinuitat der Bevolkerungsbewegung vor der industriellen Revolution.] Jahrbuch fur Wirtschaftsgeschichte, No. 4, 1986. 17-50 pp. Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Ger.
The author analyzes population trends and forces that have influenced them, focusing on the period prior to the Industrial Revolution. He comments on the continuity and the interruption of continuity in population developments, the continuity of population growth in the period prior to the neolithic era, the interruption of continuity in population growth during the neolithic period, the socioeconomic foundation and significant features of population growth in agricultural societies, and a statistical overview of global population growth throughout history to the year 1650.
Correspondence: P. Khalatbari, Sektion Wirtschaftswissenschaften der Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Bereich Demographie, 102 Berlin Spandauer Strasse 1, German Democratic Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10612 Madansky, Albert. On biblical censuses. Journal of Official Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1986. 561-9 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This paper surveys the literature on the major censuses recorded in the Old Testament, those taken by Moses and that taken by David. It also reviews the Biblical origins and ramifications of the superstition against being counted in a census."
Correspondence: A. Madansky, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, 5801 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

54:10613 Russell, Josiah C. Medieval demography. AMS Studies in the Middle Ages, No. 12, ISBN 0-404-61442-6. LC 86-47837. 1987. x, 325 pp. AMS Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a reprinting of selected works by the author on a variety of demographically related historical topics. The focus is on the demography of medieval Europe, with one article on Egypt.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:10614 Russell, Josiah C. The population of the Crusader states. In: A history of the Crusades, Volume V: the impact of the Crusades on the Near East, edited by Norman P. Zacour and Harry W. Hazard. ISBN 0-299-09140-6. 1985. 295-314 pp. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The demographic factors affecting the Crusades of the Middle Ages are examined. The focus is on demographic conditions in countries that supplied the bulk of the Crusaders and on the demographic impact on the Crusaders' primary destination areas in Western Asia. The author notes that the period of the Crusades was one of rapid population increase in the countries of origin. He suggests that the rapid growth of the Egyptian population in the period following the Crusader conquests made their eventual reconquest inevitable. Demographic factors favoring the Crusaders' victories over the Albigensians, the Moors, and the Slavs within Europe are also considered.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

54:10615 Sandberg, Lars G.; Steckel, Richard H. Overpopulation and malnutrition rediscovered: hard times in 19th-century Sweden. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan 1988. 1-19 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
Interrelationships among demographic and economic conditions in western Sweden during the nineteenth century are studied using data from muster rolls on human heights, mortality data, and a series of real agricultural wages. A marked reversal is noted in the upward trend in adult heights with cohorts born around 1840, and a sharp increase in child mortality from nutrition-related causes in the late 1840s is identified. Accompanying these developments were a modest growth in per capita income and a shift in income distribution away from the western region, which was experiencing more rapid population growth and a higher proportion of children than the country as a whole. "In short, population growth and insufficient economic development were combining to produce an increasingly unequal distribution of a (barely) growing national income. This shift in the distribution of income and wealth, in turn, spelled suffering, impaired growth, and even an early death for large numbers of children of the agricultural poor, espically in the West."
Correspondence: L. G. Sandberg, Department of Economics, Ohio State University, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

54:10616 Stavins, Robert. A model of English demographic change: 1573-1873. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan 1988. 98-116 pp. Duluth, Minnesota. In Eng.
"This paper [presents] an analysis of the factors associated with English demographic change over the period 1573-1873, based upon the best available source of data on fertility, mortality, migration, and the real wage (Wrigley and Schofield, 1981). A simultaneous equations model was developed in order to test four alternative demographic theories--the constant equilibrium wage theory, the constant fertility theory, Lee's original synthesis theory, and a new, composite theory....Two-stage least squares estimation yielded parameter estimates with which hypothesis tests were carried out, and these tests indicated the superiority of the composite theory of demographic change. The dynamic performance of this model was compared with a closed-population model through a series of simulations. On the basis of several alternative evaluation measures, it was found that the complete model with endogenous migration provides substantially better tracking of the actual, historical changes in the English population level." The analysis provides support for the theory that mortality levels were the significant factors in preindustrial demographic change in England while labor demand functions played the dominant role in long-run population increases following the beginning of industrialization.
For the book by E. A. Wrigley and R. S. Schofield, published in 1981, see 48:10658.
Correspondence: R. Stavins, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

54:10617 Daelemans, Frank. Sources and methods of historical demography before 1850: proceedings of the one-day seminar held in Brussels, May 23, 1984. [Sources et methodes de la demographie historique avant 1850: actes de la journee d'etude de Bruxelles, 23-05-84/Bronnen en methoden van de historische demografie voor 1850: handelingen van de studiedag te Brussel, 23-05-1984.] Archives et Bibliotheques de Belgique/Archief- en Bibliotheekwezen in Belgie, Special ed. No. 24, 1984. xviii, 298 pp. Archives et Bibilioteques de Belgique: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng; Fre; Dut.
These are the proceedings of a one-day seminar, held in Brussels, Belgium, in May 1984, concerning the sources and methods for the study of the historical demography of Belgium, the southern Netherlands, and Luxembourg prior to 1850. The 10 papers, which are in Dutch, English, or French, are grouped under three headings: sources and critiques, methods, and demography and medicine.
Correspondence: Archives et Biblioteques de Belgique, Rue de Ruysbroeck 2-6, Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

54:10618 Gauvreau, Danielle; Jette, Rene; Bourque, Mario. Migration in the Saguenay region: evidence from reconstituted families, 1838-1911. Historical Methods, Vol. 20, No. 4, Fall 1987. 143-54 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper is methodological--its primary purpose is to present the method by which reconstituted families can be used to measure migration. Its second purpose is historical and demographic, characterizing the settlement of the Saguenay region [of Quebec, Canada] from its beginning in 1838 until 1911. Finally, this research is indirectly related to genetics and will provide us with helpful data in the search for the origins of specific hereditary diseases present in the Saguenay region."
This is a revised version of a paper presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1986, pp. 421-2).
Correspondence: D. Gauvreau, SOREP, Universite du Quebec, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10619 Hinde, P. R. Andrew. The population of a Wiltshire village in the nineteenth century: a reconstitution study of Berwick St James, 1841-71. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 14, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1987. 475-85 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"This paper reports an exploratory reconstruction of the village of Berwick St James in Wiltshire using nominative information from nineteenth-century English censuses and ecclesiastical registers of baptisms, marriages and burials between 1841 and 1871. The data are first described, and a procedure for sorting and linking records from different censuses, and for linking census records to registration records, is outlined."
Correspondence: P. R. A. Hinde, Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 31 Bedford Square, London WC1, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

54:10620 Jette, Rene; Gauvreau, Danielle. Measuring migration from family files: a method based on data for the Saguenay region in the nineteenth century. [Des fiches de famille a la mesure des migrations: une methode elaboree a partir des donnees du Saguenay au XIXe siecle.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 16, No. 1, Apr 1987. 37-65 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
A method for measuring migration in historical demographic studies is developed and illustrated using data from reconstituted family files from the parish registers of Saguenay, Canada. The method allows for the separate analysis of in- and out-migration and for an approximate determination of the actual date of migration in populations experiencing high mortality and fertility.
Correspondence: D. Gauvreau, SOREP, Universite du Quebec, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1988-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.