Volume 53 - Number 3 - Fall 1987

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

53:30591 Andorka, Rudolf; Balazs-Kovacs, Sandor. The social demography of Hungarian villages in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (with special attention to Sarpilis, 1792-1804). Journal of Family History, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1986. 169-92 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Nine family reconstitution studies of Hungarian villages in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries indicate the appearance of fertility control linked to low age at first marriage. Studies of household structure suggest considerable variance and a higher percentage of complex households than existed in northwestern Europe, as well as the growth of this percentage. These results are scrutinized in detail in the sources of the southern Transdanubian village of Sarpilis, where there was a clear tendency of households to become complicated and for birth control to appear in relatively poorer complex households. It is hypothesized that both growing household complexity and birth control were responses to the growing scarcity of arable land."
Author's address: Department of Sociology, University of Economics, Budapest, Hungary.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30592 Cordell, Dennis D.; Gregory, Joel W. African population and capitalism: historical perspectives. African Modernization and Development, ISBN 0-8133-7408-1. LC 85-26181. 1987. 302 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/London, England. In Eng.
This book is a collection of 16 studies, which examine aspects of the impact of European colonization on the demography of sub-Saharan Africa. "The contributors not only examine the effects of slavery, colonialism, and capitalism on these societies, but also the mark the resistance and resilience of many African institutions and individuals. As they outline the past and present diversity of African population dynamics, the contributors illuminate the ongoing process of economic and political change. Changes in settlement patterns, labor migration, and marriage and household structure, as well as the impact of health on fertility and mortality rates, form the major demographic themes of this volume. The case studies cover twenty African societies representing each of the major regions of sub-Saharan Africa. The population issues emerge not as external or internal variables, but as part of a dynamic system that the editors characterize as a demographic regime."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30593 Cornell, L. L.; Hayami, Akira. The Shumon Aratame Cho: Japan's population registers. Journal of Family History, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1986. 311-28 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Local population registers were compiled in Japan from about 1670 on and continued for the next two centuries. Established as part of an effort to exterminate Christianity, these 'registers of religious investigation' (shumon aratame cho) list the name, age, and relationship to head of household for individuals in villages and towns throughout Japan. This article describes their origin, the type and quality of information they contain, their uses for demographic and social structural analysis, and their availability to scholars."
Author's address: International Population Program, Department of Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30594 Galloway, Patrick R. Differentials in demographic responses to annual price variations in pre-revolutionary France: a comparison of rich and poor areas in Rouen, 1681 to 1787. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 2, No. 3-4, May 1987. 269-305 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"An examination of the annual responses of vital events to variations in wheat prices among groups of parishes in the city of Rouen from 1681 to 1787 reveals significant differences between rich and poor parishes in the strength of the preventive check. The urban poor respond to a price increase by dramatically decreasing fertility, while the fertility of the urban wealthy is virtually unaffected. An increase in prices is associated with relatively large increases in mortality, suggesting a strong positive check. However, little difference can be found between the rich and poor areas in the magnitude or timing of mortality responses to price variations."
Author's address: Graduate Group in Demography, Program in Population Research, University of California, 2234 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30595 Jette, Rene. Genealogical dictionary of Quebec families. [Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec.] ISBN 2-7606-0645-5. 1983. xxviii, 1,176 pp. Presses de l'Universite de Montreal: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
This genealogical dictionary attempts to reconstruct the history of the families that settled in Quebec province, Canada, from the first arrival of the French at the beginning of the seventeenth century up to 1730. It is based on records of baptism, marriage, and burial in the parish registers kept by the Catholic Church.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30596 Lamur, Humphrey E. The production of sugar and the reproduction of slaves at Vossenburg, Suriname, 1705-1863. Caribbean Culture Studies, No. 1, ISBN 90-70313-19-7. 1987. 164 pp. Amsterdam Centre for Caribbean Studies: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the demography and profitability of sugar production in the Dutch-speaking Caribbean in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It is based on data for Vossenburg and Wayampibo, two sugar plantations in Suriname. The author examines whether the slave population reproduced itself over the period 1705-1863 and whether the estates were profitable. The results show that the slave population did not quite reproduce itself over this period.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30597 Lawton, R. Peopling the past. Institute of British Geographers: Transactions, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1987. 259-83 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author discusses the importance of studying past populations in order to more fully understand the present. The focus is on regional patterns of population growth and internal migration and their impact on urban social structure in nineteenth-century Great Britain. Aspects considered include patterns of movement, occupation and mobility, the labor and housing markets, dimensions of community, residential mobility, individual experience, and education and social change.
Author's address: Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:30598 Lee, Maw Lin; Loschky, David. Malthusian population oscillations. Economic Journal, Vol. 97, No. 387, Sep 1987. 727-39 pp. New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors first note that Malthus saw the interactions between economic and demographic factors as a dynamic process, whereby population growth rates fluctuated as real wages oscillated around a society's subsistence income. This process is tested using data collected by Wrigley and Schofield from English parish registers from the mid-sixteenth century onward. The results support the validity of the Malthusian concept under examination.
Author's address: University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:30599 Nusteling, Hubert. Welfare and work opportunity in Amsterdam, 1540-1860: a report on demography, the economy, and social politics in a world city. [Welvaart en werkgelegenheid in Amsterdam, 1540-1860: een relaas over demografie, economie en sociale politiek van een wereldstad.] ISBN 90-6707-082-3. LC 86-140171. 1985. 275 pp. Bataafsche Leeuw: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Dut.
The relationship among demographic, economic, and social factors in Amsterdam over the period 1540-1860 is examined. The available data sources are reviewed, and the methods used to reconstruct population trends are explained. Consideration is given to both natural increase and migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:30600 Schapiro, Morton O. A general dynamic model of 19th century U.S. population change. Economic Modelling, Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct 1985. 347-56 pp. Guildford, England. In Eng.
"The pattern of rural population growth in 23 northern states during the period 1790 to 1900 is examined using a general dynamic approach. The relationship between fertility, migration and population growth is analysed within a single settlement model and a control solution is produced which demonstrates that fertility and migration behaviour reacted to changes in land availability, eventually leading to population stability in rural areas."
Author's address: Department of Economics, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:30601 Tolnay, Stewart E. Family economy and the black American fertility transition. Journal of Family History, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1986. 267-83 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
The relationship between place of residence and the economic roles of black children and married women in the United States around 1900 is explored. "Black children were much less likely to report a gainful occupation in cities than in the countryside. And, within rural areas, farm children were somewhat more likely to work, and began working at a younger age, than their nonfarm counterparts. On the other hand, urban children were more likely to attend school, and did so for more months during the year. While black women in all settings reported relatively high levels of gainful employment, urban and rural nonfarm residents were far more likely to work outside the home. It is suggested that this residential variation in women's and children's roles can help explain corresponding residential differences in fertility levels, and the timing of fertility transition."
Author's address: Department of Sociology, University of Georgia, Baldwin Hall, Athens, GA 30602.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30602 Woods, R. I. Approaches to the fertility transition in Victorian England. Population Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2, Jul 1987. 283-311 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Various alternative approaches to the analysis of the fertility decline that occurred in England and Wales in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century are introduced. These include transition models, social diffusion, and ecological and time series analysis. "A time-series analysis attempts to establish the sequential nature of social, economic and demographic changes during the sixty years preceding the First World War. The following points are emphasised in conclusion. The Victorian fertility transition was not directly related to the development of an urban-industrial society, the social diffusion of family ideals or the use of appliance methods of contraception. But its immediate cause was probably linked to the substantial increase in family planning literature available from the 1870s, and the challenge that this posed to the tradition of unlimited marital fertility. This critical change in social attitudes to family planning was facilitated both by developments in mass education and, ultimately by the decline of infant mortality."
Author's address: Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

53:30603 Bouchard, Gerard; Roy, Raymond; Casgrain, Bernard. From micro- to macro-reconstitution of families: the SOREP system. [De la micro a la macro-reconstitution des familles: le systeme SOREP.] Genus, Vol. 42, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1986. 33-54 pp. Rome, Italy. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ita.
"This article outlines a new system for computerized family reconstitution. It has been developed in the last ten years by a multidisciplinary team of Quebec researchers belonging to the inter-university research center on populations (SOREP). Basically, this system is characterized by: a) an attempt to computerize as much as possible every step involved in the process of reconstitution, b) a set of tools devised for identifying and measuring all forms and degrees of similarity between names and surnames, c) a technique to process cases of ambiguous links, d) a set of programs used to assess the quality of the data and the strength of the links created, [and] e) an attempt to maximize the performance of the linkage work in terms of both efficiency and accuracy. The system has been designed to support several kinds of analyses, from social history and demography to population genetics. Our paper contains a brief overview of the current state of research in the field of record linkage, an introduction to the Saguenay [Canada] population register and a description of the system itself which has been utilized successfully in the last year on the 660,000 Saguenay parish records, covering the period 1842-1971."
Author's address: SOREP, Universite du Quebec a Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30604 Marcilio, Maria L. The population of colonial Brazil. In: Cambridge History of Latin America, Volume II: Colonial Latin America, edited by Leslie Bethell. 1984. 37-63 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The demographic history of Brazil over the course of the colonial period is reviewed. The lack of data for the earlier period is first noted, and the beginnings of demographic data collection in the eighteenth century are described. Consideration is given to the decline of the Indian population, the growth of the white colonizing population, the African slave trade and the mixing of the races.
Location: Princeton University Library (DR).

53:30605 Pelissier, Jean-Pierre. Demography, genealogy, micro-processing. [Demographie, genealogie, micro-informatique.] 2nd ed. ISBN 2-86496-020-0. 1987. 205, [133] pp. Editions Christian: Paris, France; Societe de Demographie Historique: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the second edition of a work originally published in 1983. It presents computer programs written in Apple BASIC for handling genealogical data on microcomputers. These programs are designed to enable the genealogist to create files of family reconstitution data in standard format. The programs combine the advantages of automatic data processing with the capacity for the researchers to intervene in cases where questions arise concerning the data. The book consists of a description of the programs and copies of the 30 programs involved. The focus is on the data available for France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:30606 Perez Brignoli, Hector. New perspectives in historical demography in Latin America. [Nuevas perspectivas de la demografia historica en America Latina.] Latin American Population History Newsletter, No. 12, Fall 1986. 7-14 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Spa.
The author outlines developments in the field of historical demography in Latin America. Methodological and theoretical aspects are evaluated, with a focus on the study of aggregate vital series and in-depth analysis of census data. The importance of integrating demographic analysis with social and economic history is emphasized.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.