Volume 53 - Number 2 - Summer 1987

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

53:20693 Imhof, Arthur E. Is Japan following Europe towards a society of singles? Possible impacts of the rapid increase in life expectancy on Japanese social structure--as seen by a European historical-demographer. Keio Economic Studies, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1986. 21-47 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
The author examines the implications of increasing longevity for social development in Japan. He suggests that Japan is following the example set by Europe, in that almost universal longevity is leading to a focus on individual rather than societal well-being.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20694 Malabouche, Gerard. Long-term changes in the retirement pension scheme: a new method of projection. [L'evolution a long terme du systeme de retraites: une nouvelle methode de projection.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1987. 9-38 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Factors affecting the yield of retirement pension schemes are reviewed, with particular reference to the current situation in France. The influences of three factors are considered separately: the age at retirement, mortality rates, and the age structure of the population. Alternative long-term policies for France are considered in light of both trends in these three factors and the general state of the economy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20695 Pleiborn, Maria. Starting and stopping education: the experience of young Swedish women born from 1936 to 1960. [Overgangar in i och ut ur utbildning bland unga Svenska kvinnor fodda 1936-1960.] Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, No. 35, ISBN 91-7820-022-9. Mar 1987. 64 pp. University of Stockholm, Section of Demography: Stockholm, Sweden. In Swe.
The author reports on the movement of Swedish women, born from 1936 to 1960, into and out of the educational system. Data are from the Swedish fertility survey of 1981 and include only women under 31 years of age who have not yet borne children. The four factors studied are cohort, parental socioeconomic status, level of education achieved, and age. Sixteen-year-olds are considered separately.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20696 Valentei, D. I. Population and social security. [Naselenie i sotsial'noe obespechenie.] Narodonaselenie, No. 45, 1984. 86 pp. Finansy i Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of papers by various authors concerning the impact of population trends on social security in the USSR. A paper is included on how demographic factors are taken into account in social welfare planning.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

53:20697 Guilmoto, Christophe. Demography and politics: the Tamils between Sri Lanka and India. [Demographie et politique: les Tamouls entre Sri Lanka et l'Inde.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1987. 283-303 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
A demographic analysis of the ethnic problems facing Sri Lanka is presented. The distinction among the Tamil population between Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils is discussed. The author notes the problems of assimilation faced by Indian Tamils, many of whom have returned to India in the past 10 years, and observes that this migration is not reflected in either Indian or Sri Lankan census statistics. Recent changes in population distribution have exacerbated intercommunal rivalries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20698 Soffer, Arnon. Lebanon--where demography is the core of politics and life. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, Apr 1986. 197-205 pp. London, England. In Eng.
In this survey, the author considers three issues: (1) the size of Lebanon's population, (2) the size of the various groups in Lebanon, and (3) population distribution in Lebanon. He notes that political representation is still based on the 6:5 ratio of Christians to Muslims, which was established in 1932. The author finds that the Muslims are now undeniably in the majority. The geographic distribution of the religious groups and related problems of governing the country are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

53:20699 Torrado, Susana; Novick, Susana; Olego de Campos, Silvia. Politics, population, and population policies: Argentina, 1946-1986. [Politica, poblacion y politicas de poblacion: Argentina, 1946-1986.] Cuadernos del CEUR, No. 18, Dec 1986. 73 pp. Centro de Estudios Urbanos y Regionales [CEUR]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
This monograph contains three separate papers concerning the relationships among politics, population dynamics, and population policy in Argentina between 1946 and 1986. The authors conclude that the political events of the period prevented the development of a rational population policy and are a root cause of the country's current demographic problems
Publisher's address: Corrientes 2835, 7o Piso, Cuerpo A, 1193 Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

53:20700 Adegbola, Olukunle. The impact of urbanization and industrialization on health conditions: the case of Nigeria. [L'impact de l'urbanisation et de l'industrialisation sur la situation sanitaire: l'exemple du Nigeria.] World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1987. 74-83 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
The author examines the influence of the environment on health in Nigeria using official data. Attention is given to indicators of overcrowding, housing conditions, industrialization, rural-urban differentials in selected socioeconomic factors, and spatial variations in mortality rates. Regression analysis is used to assess the relationships among various medical, social, ecological, and economic indicators and infant mortality rates and expectation of life at birth.
Author's address: Department of Geography, University of Lagos, Yaba, Nigeria.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20701 Angus, Douglas E. Aging and health care costs: is there a problem? [Vieillissement et couts des soins de sante: y a-t-il un probleme?] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 15, No. 1, Apr 1986. 11-26 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This paper discusses various projections of health-care expenditures in terms of foreseeable pressures on the health-care system due to the aging of the Canadian population. The conclusion is that the impact of aging on health-care costs will not necessarily be a major problem. Projected cost increases have to be related to the evolution of the nation's productive capacity. The article also examines some implications in terms of health-care planning."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20702 Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Singhadej, Orapin; Yoddumnern-Attig, Bencha. The effect of reduced family size on maternal and child health: the case of Thailand. [L'effet d'une reduction de la dimension de la famille sur la sante maternelle et infantile: l'exemple de la Thailande.] World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1987. 54-62 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
The authors explore the relationship between small family size and maternal and child health in Thailand using data from a survey of 2,583 women interviewed in 1985. Comparisons are made between the northern region, which has experienced a rapid fertility decline, and the southern region, where the decline to date has been more moderate. The authors conclude that "there is evidence to suggest that larger families tend to be associated with poor health of women and their children: the higher the parity, the higher the risk of pregnancy wastage, and infant and child mortality." At the same time, "malnutrition and parasitic infections among women, and illness in the family, were not found to be related to family size." The need to further integrate family planning and maternal-child health programs is stressed.
Author's address: Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Thailand.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20703 Mier y Teran, Marta. Some aspects of the interrelationship between fertility patterns and health: the case of Mexico. [Aspects de la relation entre les schemas de fecondite et la sante: l'exemple du Mexique.] World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1987. 41-53 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
"The objective of this article is to analyse the interrelationships between maternal and child health [in Mexico] on the one hand, and fertility patterns and trends on the other, so that the impact of fertility and family formation changes on maternal and child health can be assessed." The data are from a variety of official and other published sources and pertain to the years since 1960. "The analysis of the interrelationship between fertility patterns and infant mortality in Mexico has shown that infants born of mothers aged 20-34, of birth orders 2 and 3, with previous birth intervals of more than two years and whose mother has not experienced any previous pregnancy wastage have the lowest mortality rates." It is also shown that while maternal mortality has been reduced, levels remain high. "Contraceptive use has greatly increased and total fertility decreased by one-fourth between 1976 and 1982....However, the trend towards shorter birth intervals observed until 1976, as well as the unchanged age pattern of fertility between 1976 and 1982, have not resulted in lowering maternal risk per birth or infant risk for the entire population. Lastly, the decline in the incidence of abortion has certainly had an impact on maternal morbidity and mortality."
Author's address: Institute of Social Research, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20704 Owen, Norman G. Death and disease in Southeast Asia: explorations in social, medical and demographic history. Southeast Asia Publications Series, No. 14, ISBN 0-19-588853-7. 1987. xii, 288 pp. Oxford University Press: Singapore. In Eng.
This book is a product of a conference held at the Australian National University, May 6-8, 1983, which focused on aspects of the history of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia. The approach is interdisciplinary, and the book consists of 12 papers by various authors, including anthropologists, political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and historians. Following a general introduction, the first four papers focus on the demographic evidence and consider the causes of low rates of population growth in precolonial Southeast Asia; morbidity and mortality in Java, Indonesia, from 1820-1880 and 1880-1940; and the measurement of mortality in the nineteenth-century Philippines. The next section includes three papers on morbidity in Bali, Indonesia; Thailand; and Viet Nam. The final section contains four papers on the biology and politics of death in Indonesia and Malaysia in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
This book is distributed in Australia and New Zealand by George Allen and Unwin Australia, P.O. Box 764, 8 Napier Street, North Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20705 Robine, Jean-Marie; Colvez, Alain; Bucquet, D.; Hatton, F.; Morel, B.; Lelaidier, S. Life expectancy without incapacity in France in 1982. [L'esperance de vie sans incapacite en France en 1982.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1986. 1,025-42 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The authors discuss the growing relevance of a new health indicator, given demographic aging and increased life expectancy at older ages in developed countries. The usefulness of this expectancy of healthy life indicator will "depend on the accuracy of the data available on major, minor, permanent and temporary incapacities. As data on incapacity in France were improved considerably during the 1980s, the authors were able, for the first time, to calculate this index for the entire French population in 1982, using data from a nation-wide survey on health and medical care. In 1982, life expectancy of men was 70.7 years and life expectancy without incapacity was 61.9 years. For women, the figures were 78.9 years and 67.1 years respectively."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20706 Saksena, D. N.; Srivastava, J. N. Maternal and child health care patterns and family size motivations in rural Uttar Pradesh. Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report, No. 28, Oct 1986. ii, 157 pp. Lucknow University, Department of Economics, Population Research Centre: Lucknow, India. In Eng.
This 1984-1985 study of health care programs concentrates on maternal and child health services in a rural area of Uttar Pradesh, India. Three problems identified during interviews with 1,256 rural couples are poor understanding of the value of prenatal care, delivery at home without trained attendants, and failure to participate in available immunization programs and medical services. Attitudes affecting family size are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20707 Strohmenger, Claude. Demography and the health of populations. [Demographie et sante des populations.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 15, No. 1, Apr 1986. 3-10 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The role of demography in the study of health problems is reviewed. The author first considers the impact of demographic trends on the health of a population in the developed world. Next, demographic indexes related to health are reviewed. Finally, the role of demography in health planning is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20708 Suzuki, Tsuguyoshi; Ohtsuka, Ryutaro. Human ecology of health and survival in Asia and the South Pacific. ISBN 4-13-068125-7. 1987. viii, 226 pp. University of Tokyo Press: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"The articles included in this volume focus upon ideas and methodologies that contribute to a holistic way of understanding survival strategy and the South Pacific. Production, consumption, reproduction, and time depth are emphasized as key concepts in understanding patterns of survival. Emic analysis is introduced as an important methodology in human ecology....Health is approached with special attention to its relation with living and working conditions." The 14 articles are based on papers given at the International Symposium on the Comparative Human Ecology of Health and Survival Strategy in Asia and the South Pacific, held in Tokyo in 1986. Sponsored by the University of Tokyo and the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, the conference focused on Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20709 Torrado, Susana. Health and illness in the first year of life: Rosario, 1981-1982. [Salud-enfermedad en el primer ano de vida: Rosario, 1981-1982.] Informes de Investigacion del CEUR, No. 4, ISBN 950-9370-06-1. Jun 1986. xvii, 350 pp. Centro de Estudios Urbanos y Regionales [CEUR]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
The author analyzes the determinants of health and illness in the first year of life, with a focus on viewing those processes as specific manifestations of social organization. The study is based on surveys, clinical and institutional records, and death certificates; it concerns all children born alive in 48 maternity or obstetric facilities in Rosario, Argentina, between November 2 and 16, 1981. The author investigates the hypothesis that there exist specific types of reproduction among different social classes that imply typical forms of risk or protection in relation to health and illness. The economic, social, and demographic characteristics of Rosario are first reviewed. The theoretical model and the methodology used in the study are then described. Findings are presented relative to socioeconomic position, socio-demographic characteristics in the context of the family, and material conditions of life. Determinants of infant mortality are analyzed, and health and illness profiles are constructed for the perinatal period and for the first year of life
Publisher's address: Corrientes 2835, 7o Piso, Cuerpo A, 1193 Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20710 Uchino, Sumiko. Selectivity of staple food-taking pattern by cohort analysis. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 180, Oct 1986. 23-40 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
Changing dietary patterns in Japan are reviewed in relation to characteristics such as age, sex, educational status, occupation, region, and migration. Data are from a field survey undertaken in Miyagi and Kumamoto prefectures in 1981. The focus is on the change from a traditional Japanese rice-based diet to a Western style of nutrition.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

No citations in this issue.

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.