Volume 53 - Number 2 - Summer 1987

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

53:20584 Alldridge, Nick. The population profile of an early modern town: Chester 1547-1728. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 115-31 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this article it is argued that parish rate books, a source hitherto relatively neglected by English demographers, offer valuable data on real urban population movements for which parish registers, with their emphasis on natural population movements and their consequent inability to quantify the effects of migration, are ill adapted. The first part outlines a method of exploiting parish rate books so as to overcome the problem of their partial survival and to provide automatic cross-checking of population estimates. Reliable figures are deduced for the population of Chester [England] at thirty-five dates between 1547 and 1728. In the second part, rates of real or observed population change are compared to those for natural increase and decrease derived from the registers in order to calculate secular rates of in- and out-migration and to identify the mechanisms regulating short-term population movement."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20585 Amorim, Maria N. Trends in population and marital fertility in an Azorean parish (1700-1980). [Evolucao da populacao e fecundidade legitima numa paroquia acoriana (1700-1980).] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 5, No. 1, Mar 1987. 4-28 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Por.
The demographic history of the parish of Sao Joao on the island of Pico in the Azores is analyzed using family reconstitution methods. The analysis indicates that this community was forced to move several times because of volcanic eruptions and that its isolated state fostered endogamy and out-migration. Topics covered include family type, fertility, migration, age distribution, age at marriage, and marital status.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20586 Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Charbonneau, Hubert. Cultures and settings in France and in New France: a comparison of demographic trends. [Cultures et milieux en France et en Nouvelle-France: la differenciation des comportements demographiques.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 212, [1986?]. [14] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The authors compare demographic trends in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century France with those involving French settlers in Canada. Data from published sources are used to examine migration, nuptiality, fertility, and mortality.
This article is reprinted from "Evolution et Eclatement du Monde Rural. Structures, Fonctionnement et Evolution Differentielle des Societes Rurales Francaises et Quebecoises, XVIIe-XXe Siecles", edited by Joseph Goy and Jean-Pierre Wallot, pp. 75-88, Paris, France, and Montreal, Canada, Editions de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales and Presses de l'Universite de Montreal, 1986.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20587 Biraben, Jean-Noel; Bonneuil, Noel. Population and the economy in the Caux area during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. [Population et economie en pays de Caux aux XVIe et XVIIe siecles.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1986. 937-60 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author reconstructs the demographic and economic history of the Caux region, Seine-Maritime, France, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries using baptism, marriage, and funeral records for selected parishes. "A methodical reconstitution of the population of these parishes has been attempted, allowing for considerable underrecording of deaths. The age pyramids for the period between 1588 and 1700 are extremely irregular; however, they correspond quite well to the records of marriages, independently of the method of reconstitution employed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20588 Cassedy, James H. Medicine and American growth, 1800-1860. Wisconsin Publications in the History of Science and Medicine, No. 5, ISBN 0-299-10900-3. LC 86-40047. 1986. xvii, 298 pp. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The role that U.S. physicians played in the study of demography in the nineteenth century is reviewed. The author notes that physicians were not only perceptive observers of the general effects of demographic change on their communities, but were also analysts of its influence on medicine and public health and were responsible for the establishment and working of mechanisms for collecting and processing demographic data. The work "also considers the historical expansion of nineteenth-century American medicine itself as a demographic phenomenon within the framework of population movement, regional development, disease incidence, and social change."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20589 Desama, Claude. Population and the industrial revolution: the development of demographic structures in Verviers during the first half of the nineteenth century. [Population et revolution industrielle: evolution des structures demographiques a Verviers dans la premiere moitie du 19e siecle.] Bibliotheque de la Faculte de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Universite de Liege, No. 243, ISBN 2-251-66243-X. 1985. 284, 10 pp. Societe d'Editions Les Belles Lettres: Paris, France. In Fre.
The relationship between demographic factors and industrialization is examined using the example of Verviers, an industrial commune located in Belgium. The data are from nominative census lists for the period 1806-1846. The emphasis is on the practicality of developing a computerized method of handling the available data. Factors considered include immigration, fertility, nuptiality, mortality, economic activity, and labor force composition.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20590 Fliess, Kenneth H. Fertility, nuptiality, and family limitation among the Wends of Serbin, Texas, 1854 to 1920. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 9: 1987, No. 9.005, 1987. 19, [16] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
This paper examines fertility and nuptiality patterns for the Wends, a small Slavic group that migrated to Texas from Germany in 1854. Working from parish books, a ship's log, and family genealogies, the author employs methods of family reconstitution. "The transition to lowered fertility is explained in terms of immigrant assimilation. Two hypotheses commonly used to explain contemporary minority group assimilation into the dominant culture, the social characteristics and minority status hypotheses, are used as models."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20591 Gautier, Arlette. The slave trade and population policies. [Traite et politiques demographiques esclavagistes.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1986. 1,005-24 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Demographic policies affecting the slave population in North America and the Caribbean from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries are reviewed. "Population growth among slaves depended both on the policies of the masters and the reactions of the slaves. The policies varied considerably between periods, places and different types of production. While the early French settlers encouraged reproduction in slave families, the development of sugar cane cultivation resulted in changing priorities from reproduction to production, as the price of slaves fell. From the 18th century onwards, a policy based on a combination of 'humanism and self-interest' developed, which was influenced by the slavers themselves. Although reproduction was again encouraged, it was no longer based on marriage and the family, even after the abolition of slavery: the target of this policy was in fact the woman herself, not the couple or the family grouping." Resistance to policies on the part of slaves and punitive actions taken by the slaveholders are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20592 Hecht, Jacqueline. Johann Peter Sussmilch: a German prophet in foreign countries. Population Studies, Vol. 41, No. 1, Mar 1987. 31-58 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The life and work of the eighteenth-century demographer, Johann Peter Sussmilch, are examined. His role as a pioneer of demographic studies, in both Germany and the rest of Europe, is described. Consideration is given to his work concerning the natural order governing vital events, as well as the relationship between mortality on the one hand and fertility and nuptiality on the other
Author's address: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, Paris 14, France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20593 Houdaille, Jacques. A note on certain parishes in Guatemala in 1813. [Note sur quelques paroisses du Guatemala en 1813.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 41-8 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Demographic characteristics of selected parishes in Guatemala in 1813 are studied. "A sample of ten villages (mostly Indian) of the 1813 census has been used. The results are compared to those of the same type of document (nominal lists) for Guatemala City in 1824. [It is found that] the sex ratio is very low for men 15-24 years old. This is due to a strong emigration of young girls towards cities. Almost all the Indians under age 50 are married but celibacy runs high among Spanish and mestizo males (13% above 50). Age at marriage is a little higher for Spaniards and mestizos. The age structure shows that young children are underenumerated. However, fertility when estimated with the ratio-children aged 0-4/women aged 15-49 is higher than that of...18th century France."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20594 Houdaille, Jacques; Tugault, Yves. A somewhat Malthusian bourgeoisie in the New World: nineteenth-century U.S. genealogies. [Une bourgeoisie peu malthusienne dans un pays neuf: genealogies americaines du XIXe siecle.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1987. 305-20 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This is a demographic study based on genealogies of the descendants of Presidents of the United States. At the turn of the 19th century, these descendants married particularly young. American monographs indicate that this was typical of the population as a whole, and was related to the abundance of land (which eliminated the problem of succession within the family). The mortality rate in this privileged group seems high: it is comparable to that of the general population of France in the 19th century, but much higher than that of a comparable population in Great Britain. The fertility rate at the end of the 18th century was much higher than among European groups of the privileged classes....However, because of the sharp rise in age at marriage the two rates converged during the course of the 19th century."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20595 Long, Moira; Pickles, May. An enquiry into mortality in some mid-Wharfedale parishes in 1623. Local Population Studies, No. 37, Autumn 1986. 19-35 pp. Matlock, England. In Eng.
Data from parish registers in Wharfedale, in the county of Yorkshire, England, are analyzed for the years 1613 to 1632. The focus of the study is on mortality. The authors conclude that the experience of Wharfedale is different from that of other parishes in the north and west of England, primarily because of the differences in the density of population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20596 Martin Rodriguez, Manuel. Giovanni Botero and the impression that the population of Spain was diminishing during the first half of the seventeenth century. [Giovanni Botero y el sentimiento de despoblacion en la Espana de la primera mitad del siglo XVII.] Revista Internacional de Sociologia, Vol. 43, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1985. 411-27 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
This article is a critical review of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century works on the demography of Spain, with particular reference to the work of Giovanni Botero. The belief of Botero and his contemporaries that the population of Spain was declining is questioned. The author notes that no reliable statistical data were available at that time.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20597 Palli, H. Historical demography in the USSR (before 1917). [La demographie historique en U.R.S.S. (avant 1917).] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 379-91 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author provides an overview of the demographic history of the Soviet Union up to 1917, describing primary data sources, estimates of past population size and growth, and various rates for different regions. Selected literature in the field of Soviet historical demography is reviewed, and theoretical issues are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20598 Perrenoud, Alfred. Whither historical demography? Analysis of the contents of the International Bibliography of Historical Demography. [Ou va la demographie historique? Analyse de contenu de la Bibliographie internationale de la demographie historique.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 251-72 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"By means of a content analysis of [the] 'International Bibliography of Historical Demography', this study aims to record the recent evolution of research in the field of historical demography, and gives account of its orientations, both in themes treated and periods [and] regions observed. The analysis deals with the years 1979-1984 and is organized in a threefold structure: 1) according to the periods concerned: which shows an outstanding new predominance of studies on contemporary times. 2) according to [theme] which seems to reveal a trend towards specialization of the fields of research....[and] 3) according to geographical areas, which attests the world-wide expansion of historical demography."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20599 Pounds, Norman J. G. An historical geography of Europe, 1800-1914. ISBN 0-521-26574-6. LC 84-23054. 1985. xx, 598 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This book is concerned with the changing spatial pattern of human activity in nineteenth-century Europe. It includes a chapter on population (pp. 66-118) as well as a chapter on urban development (pp. 119-86). The author notes that this century witnessed a more rapid growth in population than Europe had previously known. Reasons for the differences in rates of growth among countries are explored.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20600 Sangoi, Jean-Claude. Peasant demography in Bas-Quercy, 1751-1872: families and social groups. [Demographie paysanne en Bas-Quercy, 1751-1872: familles et groupes sociaux.] ISBN 2-222-03679-8. 1985. 306 pp. Editions du CNRS: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study applies the methods of family reconstitution to eighteenth- and nineteenth-century data for 12 neighboring parishes in the Bas-Quercy region of southern France. Separate consideration is given to nuptiality, illegitimacy, fertility, mortality, and migration. The spread of birth control in the region and its causes are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20601 Sogner, Solvi. A summary of research in historical demography in Scandinavian countries, 1976-1985. [Bilan de la recherche en demographie historique dans les pays scandinaves 1976-1985.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 275-310 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author surveys developments in the study of historical demography in the Scandinavian countries during the last decade. Attention is given to the major research centers at Scandinavian universities and the work currently being conducted. General focuses of the research and prospects for future study are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20602 Souden, David. Demographic crisis and Europe in the 1590s. In: The European crisis of the 1590s: essays in comparative history, edited by Peter Clark. ISBN 0-04-940074-6. LC 84-12371. 1985. 231-43 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
This chapter, focusing on demographic problems in Europe in the 1590s, is one in a series of thematic chapters by various authors in a book dealing with this period of major demographic, economic, and social difficulty. The focus of this particular chapter is the sharp increase in mortality evidenced in the 1590s. "Inadequate food supplies through the failure of harvests, the action of epidemic disease and the depredations of war, provide the basis for these mortality surges. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework for comprehending the nature of 'crisis mortality' and its extent over the Europe of the 1590s."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20603 Terrisse, Michel. Family reconstitution in Scandinavia. [Reconstitution des familles en Scandinavie.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 325-52 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews research involving family reconstitution from parish registers for Scandinavia. Selected studies for parishes in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark are discussed, and numerous tables concerning mortality and fertility rates in these populations are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

53:20604 Blum, Alain. Estimation of local adult mortality based on family records. [Estimation de la mortalite locale des adultes a partir des fiches de familles.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1987. 39-56 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Problems associated with the estimation of adult mortality in historical demographic studies using data from family records are considered. Two examples using French eighteenth-century data are used to illustrate the considerable differences existing among places. The author notes that it is still possible to construct life tables, providing data exist on the presence of an individual at a given age in the community and on the birth of a child. Two different approaches to the estimation of adult female mortality are suggested; and similar results are obtained, indicating that local death rates can be estimated with some degree of accuracy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20605 Cromm, Jurgen. The autobiography as a source in population science. [Die Autobiographie als Quelle der Bevolkerungswissenschaft.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1986. 491-501 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
This article is a consideration of the value of autobiographical materials as tools for population research. Types of autobiographical material are first defined and classified. Excerpts from eighteenth-century to present-day diaries and narrations of personal history are used to illustrate how these materials can complement population studies. The focus is on the study of family relationships and reproduction.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20606 Desjardins, Bertrand. Some elements of the computer experiment of the Research Program in Historical Demography. [Quelques elements de l'experience informatique du Programme de recherche en demographie historique.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 204, [1986?]. [19] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The author discusses selected aspects of a computer project being conducted by the University of Montreal's Research Program in Historical Demography. This project consists of compiling a population register for all individuals living in Quebec, Canada, from its settlement in the seventeenth century until modern censuses began in the mid-nineteenth century. Attention is given to experiences with data analysis methods, record linkage, and the structuring of linkage results. The advantages and limitations in utilizing a computer in this sort of project are discussed
This article is reprinted from "Informatique et Prosopographie", Paris, France, Editions du CNRS, 1985, pp. 159-77.
For a related study, published by Jacques Legare and Bertrand Desjardins in 1985, see 52:30630.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20607 Guest, Avery M. Notes from the National Panel Study: linkage and migration in the late nineteenth century. Historical Methods, Vol. 20, No. 2, Spring 1987. 63-77 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Some methodological and substantive issues concerning record linkage in historical research are explored through an analysis of linkage rates in the first known national U.S. sample of white males in the nineteenth century, the National Panel Study developed at the University of Washington. "In this study, the 1880 and 1900 census manuscripts were used to link two relatively equal samples of birth cohorts, aged 5-14 and 25-34 in 1880. Some 39.4 percent of the 10,252 men in the two cohorts were successfully linked by using information on their personal and household characteristics." The relative influence of alternative linkage predictors is assessed. The author also considers the use of these data to investigate migration.
Author's address: Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20608 Nusteling, Hubert P. H. The population of Amsterdam from the late sixteenth to the early nineteenth century: a method of reconstitution. [La population d'Amsterdam de la fin du XVIe siecle au debut du XIXe siecle: une methode de reconstitution.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1986. 961-77 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author applies a reconstitution method to the city of Amsterdam for the period 1581-1810 and discusses its reliability. "His method is based on the assumption that the ratio between fertile marriages and the number of inhabitants remained relatively constant. Given changes in age specific fertility rates, each marriage cohort could be standardized. While these cohorts differed, it was observed that variations were primarily a result of three factors: variations in age at marriage, adult mortality rates, and the proportion of remarriages. Thus, it is necessary to take all three factors into account simultaneously."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20609 Piasecki, Edmund. Factors affecting age structure of skeletal populations. [Czynniki ksztaltujace strukture wieku populacji szkieletowych.] Materialy i Prace Antropologiczne, No. 107, 1986. 105-88 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
Problems concerning the study of the age of a skeletal population are explored. Five factors are considered including environmental pressures, the initial age structure of the population, migration, epidemics and other natural disasters, and fertility. "The analysis has been carried out by means of the simulation method, using 3 age structures of living individuals observed several hundred years in the light of various disturbances, 6 life tables and several fertility rates. Values of expectancy of life calculated by means of the demographic method and that used in anthropology are compared." The populations considered are from Poland.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20610 Poos, L. R. Life expectancy and "age of first appearance" in medieval manorial court rolls. Local Population Studies, No. 37, Autumn 1986. 45-52 pp. Matlock, England. In Eng.
The use of manorial court records for the study of historical demography in England is explored. The example of data on life expectancy for twelfth-century London is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20611 Terrisse, Michel. Reflections on Swedish historical demography. [Reflexions sur la demographie historique suedoise.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 311-24 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author discusses Swedish censuses and parish registers and the methodologies associated with them, focusing on their usefulness in examining Swedish demographic history. Attention is also given to sources of data that preceded the initiation in 1749 of modern, statistical data collection.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.