Volume 53 - Number 2 - Summer 1987

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

53:20472 Bilsborrow, Richard E.; Oucho, John O.; Molyneaux, John W. Economic and ethnic factors in Kenyan migration movements. Eastern Africa Economic Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jun 1986. 31-50 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
The impact of economic and ethnic factors on migration in Kenya is examined using data from the 1979 census and the Kenya Fertility Survey of 1977-1978 and ordinary least squares multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that fertility and child mortality are positively related to migration. Most migrations are of short distance, and ethnic linkage effects vary by tribal group. Other factors considered include income, land supply, and education.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:20473 Durand, Jorge. Migratory circuits in western Mexico. [Circuitos migratorios en el occidente de Mexico.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 49-67 pp. Poitiers, France. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author examines patterns of internal and international migration in western Mexico. "Drawing on data from different sources and statistics, the essay demonstrates the importance of both types of migration, the changes in endogenous and exogenous factors which have affected the life and the migratory patterns of the population of this region. The migratory circuit being a flow not only of persons, but of goods and capital as well, the cities, specifically that of Guadalajara, have a strategic importance. They fulfill various functions and have become the backbone of the migratory process: they serve as centers for attracting and 'hosting' internal migrants as well as places of origin for other migrants; jumping-off points for international migrants; and the milieu in which many returning migrants of rural origin settle."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20474 Findley, Sally E. The community context of family migration in Ilocos Norte, the Philippines. Pub. Order No. DA8617556. 1986. 369 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The objective of this research is formulation and testing of an interactive contextual model of migration. The model includes both the family and community levels, with interactions within and between these levels. This model was tested with data from a sample survey conducted in 1980 and 1982 among 619 families in 25 communities in the coastal areas of Ilocos Norte, the Philippines." Interactive effects at the family and community levels are illustrated with case study materials collected in 1985 in village-level studies
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Brown University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(5).

53:20475 Glazier, Ira A.; de Rosa, Luigi. Migration across time and nations: population mobility in historical contexts. ISBN 0-8419-0994-6. LC 85-17615. 1986. viii, 384 pp. Holmes and Meier: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This volume contains 22 essays on historical aspects of migration, which were presented at a session of the Eighth International Economic History Congress held in Budapest, Hungary, in 1982. The session was entitled History, Models and Methods in Migration Research. The essays are divided into four substantive sections. The first section concerns migration to Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and in India. The next section contains 10 essays on migration from Europe to the United States and Argentina. Three essays on migration to towns follow, with examples of Philadelphia, Chicago, and Czechoslovakia. A section on sources and methodology is then presented, including the use of British passenger lists, U.S. computerized census samples, and French and Italian sources. Most of the studies are concerned with nineteenth-century migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20476 Golini, Antonio. Population movements: typology and data collection, trends, policies. In: European Population Conference 1987. Plenaries/Congres Europeen de Demographie 1987. Seances plenieres, edited by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population and the European Association for Population Studies. 1987. 263-328 pp. Central Statistical Office: Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
The author sets forth criteria for classifying population movements and develops a typology as a step toward internationally standardized classifications and definitions of all spatial movements of population. Focusing on Europe, he discusses the availability and reliability of migration statistics as well as the relative strengths and weaknesses of population registers, other administrative and police sources, censuses, and sample surveys in collecting migration data. Attention is then given to current trends in international migration, including the increasingly blurred distinction between sending and receiving countries. It is noted that "the overall situation is linked to a more complex labour market, to increasing domestic political and social tension and to growing demographic pressure in the developing countries." Evidence is presented of growing residential mobility within countries, and underlying factors are discussed. Finally, planning and policy issues are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20477 Jones, Huw. Evolution of Scottish migration patterns: a social-relations-of-production approach. Scottish Geographical Magazine, Vol. 102, No. 3, Dec 1986. 151-64 pp. Edinburgh, Scotland. In Eng.
"The evolutionary pattern of Scottish migration is interpreted in relation to Zelinsky's Mobility Transition model and the Marxian concept of changing modes of production. The prime explanatory framework is shown to be the emergence, maturing and current faltering of capitalism."
Author's address: Department of Geography, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20478 Ludascher, Peter. Migration and the business cycle in the Federal Republic of Germany since the 1960s. [Wanderungen und konjunkturelle Entwicklung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit Anfang der sechziger Jahre.] Geographische Zeitschrift, Vol. 74, No. 1, 1986. 43-61 pp. Stuttgart, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between migration and economic development in the Federal Republic of Germany is explored. Questions considered include: "How does the economic development change the intensity of migration flows in short and long distance migrations? What kinds of migrations are especially sensitive to economic changes? How do these changes come about?" Migration patterns between West Germany and other European countries are analyzed in comparison with a time series of economic parameters, such as the labor market. Migrations between three West German cities and their surrounding regions are also analyzed in comparison with a different series of parameters, including new housing construction.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20479 Miller, Mark J. Introduction. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 740-57 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
In the introduction to this special issue on temporary worker programs, the author defines the term temporary worker and reviews worldwide research, writings, and policies to date pertaining to temporary workers. Labor market and economic effects, socio-administrative conditions, and effects on the labor-sending societies are discussed. Noting that mutually exclusive arguments are presented within one issue of the journal, the author introduces the authors of the individual articles and their subjects. It is determined that the temporary worker phenomenon is now global and that having an understanding of these workers is increasingly central to understanding key socioeconomic and political processes affecting modern industrial and nonindustrial societies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20480 Taylor, John. The migration element in the 1981 Botswana census. Botswana Notes and Records, Vol. 17, 1985. 89-98 pp. Gaborone, Botswana. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to critically assess the definition of migration and the methods employed to measure it as a prelude to describing the main characteristics of population movements revealed by the 1981 census [of Botswana] and comparing these with the findings of earlier migration surveys." Both internal and international migration are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

53:20481 Abou-Sada, Georges; Milet, Helene. The generations resulting from immigration: memories and prospects. [Generations issues de l'immigration: memoires et devenirs.] Migrations Plurielles, ISBN 2-86829-017-5. 1986. 234 pp. Arcantere Editions: Paris, France. In Fre.
These are the proceedings of a round table held in Lille, France, June 12-14, 1985, concerned with the problems faced by the children of immigrants to France, or second-generation immigrants. Consideration is given to the problems inherent in the demographic study of this population and to migration policies in the states of Europe. The primary focus is on the social, cultural, economic, and other problems that second-generation immigrants have in integrating into French society.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20482 Arnold, F. Birds of passage no more: migration decision making among Filipino immigrants in Hawaii. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 25, No. 1, Mar 1987. 41-61 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
Future migration intentions of Filipino migrants in Hawaii are analyzed using data from the 1981 Honolulu Destination Survey, part of the Philippine Migration Study. The survey involved interviews with 1,484 residents of Honolulu who had emigrated from the Ilocos region after 1965. The study involves the use of a value-expectancy model of decision-making behavior that measures expectations of achieving major goals in different locations. The importance of noneconomic factors affecting migration is noted.
Author's address: East-West Population Institute, East-West Center, Honolulu, HI.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20483 Berglund, Susan; Hernandez Caliman, Humberto. Those from outside. An analytical study of the migration process in Venezuela, 1936-1985. [Los de afuera. Un estudio analitico del proceso migratorio en Venezuela, 1936-1985.] 1985. 151 pp. Centro de Estudios de Pastoral y Asistencia Migratoria [CEPAM]: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
Immigration trends in Venezuela from 1936 to 1985 are examined. The study was generated by the growing economic problems faced by immigrants since the late 1970s. The reasons why immigration has been encouraged are first reviewed. Next, the development of laws and policies designed to control immigration are described. The changing demographic and socioeconomic impacts of immigration over time are then analyzed, as well as the process of immigrant integration into the Venezuelan population. The economic impact of immigration since 1961 is also considered. A final chapter recommends what current policy toward immigration should be
Publisher's address: Qta. Scalabrini, Calle Taborda, Urb. San Roman, Apartado 51480, Caracas 1050-A, Venezuela.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20484 Birks, J. S.; Seccombe, I. J.; Sinclair, C. A. Migrant workers in the Arab Gulf: the impact of declining oil revenues. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 799-814 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article explores the relationship between government expenditure and labor immigration in the Arab Gulf states. This relationship was close and positive during the rapid growth of the 1970s. Using Kuwait as a case study, trends in immigrant labor movements over the period 1981-85 are considered in detail. This analysis shows that the current economic downturn, reflecting the collapse of the world oil prices, has not resulted in the large scale re-export of foreign labor which was envisaged. The reasons for this foreign labor retention are considered and the authors speculate on future migration trends in the region."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20485 Boyd, Monica; Taylor, Chris; Delaney, Paul. Temporary workers in Canada: a multifaceted program. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 929-50 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article highlights important developments in the character of temporary worker flows to Canada between 1973 and 1985 through the use of unpublished data and new measures for analyzing this data. The number of employment authorizations are converted to person years to indicate the overall labor market impact of temporary worker flows and this measure is employed in an analysis of unpublished data from Employment and Immigration Canada. The analysis reveals that a significant and growing proportion of employment authorizations are exempted from governmental procedures which link the admission of temporary workers to the Canadian labor market." Reasons for these exemptions and policy implications are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20486 Burciaga Valdez, R.; McCarthy, Kevin F.; Moreno, Connie M. An annotated bibliography of sources on Mexican immigration. Rand Note, No. N-2392-CR, Mar 1987. x, 57 pp. Rand Corporation: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
"This Note provides a detailed listing of the literature consulted in the course of a comprehensive assessment of Mexican immigration into California." Sections are included on general studies, profiles of Mexican immigrants, labor market characteristics and effects, the use of public services by Mexican immigrants and associated costs, economic and social mobility of immigrants, and statistical sources. Each section contains text highlighting the major issues in the literature and a list of sources consulted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20487 Burki, Shahid J.; Swamy, Subramanian. South Asian migration to United States: demand and supply factors. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 22, No. 12, Mar 21, 1987. 513-7 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
"Studies on the migration of professionals to the United States have focused largely on the supply factors. This paper departs from this approach to assess whether the demand factors may not be the real determinants. The authors attempt to (1) estimate the flow of south Asian nationals entering the US labour market on a permanent basis from 1968 to 1981, and (2) Consider the major determinants of this immigration and the impact on both the US and south Asian economies."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:20488 Castles, Stephen. The guest-worker in Western Europe--an obituary. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 761-78 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The significance of guest workers is examined for six Western European countries. It is found that "the dynamics of the migratory process led to family reunification and settlement, against the original intentions of the workers, employers and states concerned. The recruitment of guest-workers stopped after 1974, but many migrants stayed on, becoming permanent ethnic minorities, in a situation of economic and social crisis. It is argued that guest-worker systems inevitably lead to permanent migration in the long run, and that it is better to plan for orderly settlement through appropriate policies."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20489 Chaney, Rick. Regional emigration and remittances in developing countries: the Portuguese experience. Praeger Special Studies, ISBN 0-275-92018-6. LC 85-19382. 1986. xii, 258 pp. Praeger: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the different patterns of emigration and remittances that have developed in Portugal over the past 100 years. The author develops a simple model of the home production decisions of emigrant families using data from a variety of Portuguese sources. The importance of regional differences affecting emigration and remittances is stressed. The contribution of remittances toward the development of a savings base in the country of origin is estimated.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20490 Cordasco, Francesco. The new American immigration. Evolving patterns of legal and illegal emigration: a bibliography of selected references. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, Vol. 376, ISBN 0-8240-8523-X. LC 86-31971. 1987. xxviii, 418 pp. Garland Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is a selective bibliography concerning immigration to the United States since the Immigration Act of 1965. It contains over 2,000 entries, which are selectively annotated, and is divided into four main parts. Part 1 focuses on immigration before 1965; Part 2, on immigration after 1965; Part 3, on illegal immigration; and Part 4 presents miscellaneous references. The bibliography is organized alphabetically by author within each part. An author index is provided. Some discussion of current and proposed U.S. immigration policy is also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20491 Czichowski, Frank. Migration of Pakistani laborers to Arab oil-producing states and its socioeconomic implications for Pakistan. [Migration pakistanischer Arbeitskrafte in die arabischen Erdolstaaten und ihre soziookonomischen Implikationen fur Pakistan.] Internationales Asienforum/International Quarterly for Asian Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, May 1986. 7-28 pp. Cologne, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This article focuses on the migration of Pakistani workers to Arab oil-producing countries since 1973 and, in particular, the socioeconomic effects of this migration on Pakistan. Topics discussed include the direct economic effects of emigration, migration-induced labor shortages, the distribution and use of remittances, the social effects of emigration, and the problems of return migration. A concluding section deals with the future of emigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20492 Davila, Alberto. The seasonality of apprehensions of undocumented Mexican workers. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 986-91 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article uses within-year apprehensions data to test the economic determinants of Mexican undocumented immigration to the United States. These data are highly seasonal and within-year border patrol apprehensions suggest that this seasonality is not solely due to changes in border patrol enforcement." It is found that both supply and demand variables affect apprehensions and that agricultural factors appear to be important determinants of the variations in apprehensions. The results are similar to those of earlier studies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20493 Djajic, Slobodan. International migration, remittances and welfare in a dependent economy. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 21, No. 2, May 1986. 229-34 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author examines "the role of remittances in determining the effects of migration on the welfare of the remaining residents in a small open economy producing both traded and non-traded goods. It is shown that if the flow of remittances exceeds a certain critical amount, the remaining residents benefit from migration even if they do not receive any of the remittances themselves." The geographic focus is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20494 Domenach, Herve. Intra-Caribbean migrations. [Les migrations intra-caribeennes.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 9-24 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Population flows among Caribbean countries and selected areas bordering the Caribbean since the 1500s are discussed. The plantation economy and labor migrations from the colonial period through the nineteenth century are briefly considered. Attention is then given to the first half of the twentieth century and the use of migrant contract laborers in major projects such as the Panama Canal construction. Migration patterns since 1950 are then examined, and countries are identified as sending and receiving countries. It is noted that "during the last three decades, the flows became more diversified, and concerned practically all the countries of the Caribbean basin. Some had historical roots and were relatively independent from short-term variations, while others were caused by economic or political breaks which could not be predicted."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20495 Eissa, Garoot S. International migration as a channel for the transfer of productive capacity between rich and poor countries: the case of the Sudan. Pub. Order No. DA8620198. 1986. 262 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author uses data for the Sudan to develop the argument that international migration may be detrimental to the sending country. The focus is on long-term productivity changes between the center and periphery as a result of migration. Two models are described. "The causal model explains the movement of human resources in terms of deteriorating terms of trade, the endemic surplus labor situation in the periphery and productivity improvements in the centers. The impact model considers productive capacity enhancement as a function of: growth of the Northern centers, investment, emigration, remittances, and terms of trade."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pittsburgh.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(8).

53:20496 Fawcett, James T.; Carino, Benjamin V. Pacific bridges: the new immigration from Asia and the Pacific islands. ISBN 0-934733-10-4. LC 86-26402. 1987. xii, 489 pp. Center for Migration Studies: Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
This book consists of a collection of papers by various authors on aspects of immigration flows concerning migrants from Asia and the Pacific. About half of the papers included stem from a conference on Asian-Pacific immigration to the United States held at the East-West Population Institute in Hawaii in September 1984: the remainder are new contributions or substantial modifications of conference presentations. The introduction examines the impact of international migration on the development of the Asian-Pacific region. Factors affecting international migration flows are then reviewed. Consideration is given to the impact of international migration on the migration policies of the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Present and probable future trends concerning the population of Asian origin in the United States are then analyzed. The next section explores the perspectives of sending countries. The final section reviews some of the research issues that arise from this collection of studies as a whole.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20497 Fergany, Nader. The size and characteristics of labour migration in Egypt (1974-1985). In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1986. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 16, 1987. 129-49 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"This paper summarizes the preliminary findings of the first nation-wide large-scale survey on emigration in Egypt, carried out [in 1984-1985] under the auspices of the National Population Council." The author first discusses survey methodology, including design, instruments, sampling, fieldwork, and data processing, and then reports on the findings concerning the characteristics of emigrants as well as the extent, geographic distribution, social and economic aspects, and impact of emigration since the mid-1970s.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20498 Findley, Sally E. Rural development and migration: a study of family choices in the Philippines. Brown University Studies in Population and Development, No. 5, ISBN 0-8133-7326-3. LC 86-33987. 1987. xxiii, 308 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/London, England. In Eng.
This study examines variations among families, villages, and communities concerning out-migration in the Philippines and identifies the key economic and social factors associated with migration. The author develops a multilevel, contextual model of developmental influences on migration, which is tested using data concerning Ilocos Norte from the Philippine Migration Study carried out in 1980 and 1982. The reasons why some households are characterized by migration and how these migration patterns relate to economic and social change are analyzed. The author concludes by considering both the methodological and policy implications of the study.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20499 Hettlage, Robert. Research on migration in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Recherches sur les migrations en Allemagne Federale.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 165-92 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
The author reviews research on migration involving West Germany during the last 30 years. Following a discussion of concepts and terminology, the author outlines three phases of immigration to West Germay and cites selected works. The first phase is that of rapid economic growth from 1955 to 1972, when the flow of immigrant workers responded to production fluctuations. The second is the period from 1973 to 1979, when economic growth slackened and the socioeconomic burden of immigrants became more evident. The third covers the years since 1979, when formerly temporary migration has become permanent and integration of immigrants into society has become a primary concern. Suggestions are made for future research on the subject.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20500 Jacques, Andre. The uprooted: refugees and migrants in the world. [Les deracines: refugies et migrants dans le monde.] Cahiers Libres, No. 398, ISBN 2-7071-1523-1. 1985. 241 pp. Editions La Decouverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of the problems of refugee and labor migration around the world. The emphasis is not on the quantitative aspects but on the ethical and political issues these migrations raise for those in countries of destination. The position taken is that priority should be given to the needs and rights of migrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20501 Jones, Richard. Specific characteristics of French immigration to Canada in the aftermath of the Second World War. [Specificites de l'immigration francaise au Canada au lendemain de la Deuxieme guerre mondiale.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 127-43 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
French immigration to Canada in the years immediately following World War II and policies affecting it are discussed. Particular attention is given to changes in Canadian immigration regulations and their enforcement, given concerns about Communists immigrating from France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20502 Jones, Richard C.; Murray, William B. Occupational and spatial mobility of temporary Mexican migrants to the U.S.: a comparative analysis. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 973-85 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"U.S. job and spatial mobility are compared here for recent returnee migrants from two Mexican areas--Rio Grande, Zacatecas, in the interior; and Nueva Rosita-Muzquiz, Coahuila, near the U.S. border. Results suggest that the interior migrants fit a hierarchical migrant model: they move up the urban hierarchy from U.S. rural areas to towns and cities, experiencing substantial job mobility at first, but little after reaching the urban sector. Border migrants fit a shuttle migrant model: they return to the same job and place year after year, experiencing little or no spatial and occupational mobility, although they tend to hold somewhat higher status jobs."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20503 Klein, Sidney. The economics of mass migration in the twentieth century. A Washington Institute Book, ISBN 0-88702-212-X. LC 86-16945. 1987. xi, 179 pp. Paragon House Publishers: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This book contains a general methodological approach to the costs and benefits of mass international migration, as well as analysis of the economic consequences of mass migration for India, the Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and selected nations in South America." The book consists of four studies by individual authors preceded by an introduction to the history of mass migrations in general. Consideration is given to both economic and noneconomic factors and to the impact of mass migration on both sending and receiving countries.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20504 Lawless, R. J.; Seccombe, I. J. The Middle East: a new destination for Turkish labour migration. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 77, No. 4, 1986. 251-7 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The shifts in migration experienced by Turkish emigrants are discussed starting with the large-scale emigration to Western Europe in the early 1960s. Official figures illustrate that since the 1970s the major current has been toward the Middle East and North Africa, specifically to Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. Socioeconomic and political factors influencing Turkish migration are discussed. The earlier migrants to Western Europe and later migrants to the Middle East and North Africa are compared on the bases of sex ratio, settlement and duration of stay, remittances, motives, and individual migrants versus organized groups of workers. Turkish migration to Australia is also discussed
Author's address: Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Durham, South End House, South Road, Durham City DH1 3TG, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20505 Mariscal, Jorge O. The economics of international migration: Mexican undocumented migrants in the U.S. Pub. Order No. DA8626889. 1986. 186 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation studies the economic determinants and consequences of international undocumented migration of workers, with particular reference to the Mexico-U.S. case....The basic methodological tool used is a general equilibrium model where migration is made endogenous via a migration decision function." Wage differentials, the probability of apprehension, an "illegality tax" placed on migrants' wages by employers, and the size of the migrant population at the place of destination are taken into account in the migration decision function. A simulation model using data for California is constructed, and employment, income, and productivity effects of migration are assessed. "From a policy perspective, the analysis suggests that from a society's point of view, the optimal U.S. immigration policy regarding Mexico is the establishment of a large guest-workers program."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at New York University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(8).

53:20506 Massey, Douglas S. Understanding Mexican migration to the United States. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 92, No. 6, May 1987. 1,372-403 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"This article draws on prior theory and research in the fields of sociology, economics, and anthropology to specify six basic propositions about international migration. These are examined using data specially collected from migrants in four Mexican communities. The migration process is divided into four phases corresponding to different events in the migrant career--departure, repetition, settlement, and return--and logit probability models are estimated to study the determinants of each event." The procedure enables the links in the migration process to be identified and supports the concept of this migration as a dynamic social process with a strong internal momentum
Author's address: Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

53:20507 Meznaric, Silva. International migrations and development in Yugoslavia. [Unutrasnje migracije u Jugoslaviji i razvoj.] Nashe Teme, Vol. 28, No. 1-2, 1984. 959-74 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
The impact of international migration on Yugoslavia from 1948 to 1981 is analyzed, with emphasis on the respective impacts on demographic trends and on employment. Consideration is also given to the relationship between international and internal migration.
Location: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.

53:20508 Passel, Jeffrey S. Undocumented immigration. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, Sep 1986. 181-200 pp. Beverly Hills, California. In Eng.
"The first part of this article presents up-to-date empirical studies of the numbers of undocumented aliens in the [United States]. The principal conclusion to be drawn from these studies is that the size of the undocumented immigrant population is substantially smaller than the figures most often cited....The available evidence regarding the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of undocumented immigrants is reviewed....The various arguments concerning the economic and social consequences of undocumented immigration are reviewed, together with the contradictory evidence used to support them. Finally, the consequences of research findings for policy alternatives are presented and various options for dealing with undocumented immigration are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20509 Penisson, Bernard. A century of French immigration to Canada (1881-1980). [Un siecle d'immigration francaise au Canada (1881-1980).] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 111-25 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
French immigration to Canada from 1881 to 1980 is examined. It is noted that "in one century, about 144,000 Frenchmen emigrated to Canada. The movement, which was very limited until 1900, spread until 1914, collapsed between 1914 and 1945 and then soared after the Second World War. Until 1914 Frenchmen went mainly to the West; since 1945 they have gone principally to Quebec." The history of Canadian immigration policy during the past century is also reviewed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20510 Penninx, Rinus. International migration in Western Europe since 1973: developments, mechanisms and controls. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 951-72 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This presentation describes the development of migration to and from Western Europe and seeks to determine to what extent such immigration and return migration movements are influenced by governmental action and regulation." It is observed that the basic factors determining immigration and return migration flows are the characteristics of the migrants themselves, policies of the receiving countries, and economic conditions in the sending and receiving countries. Data comparing alien populations and migration trends in selected European countries are provided.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20511 Peterson, Linda S. Central American migration: past and present. CIR Staff Paper, No. 25, Nov 1986. ix, 77 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report examines recent Central American migration within the region, and to the United States. It includes the migration of both refugees and undocumented migrants, and compares the rate of recent migration from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua with their historical levels of migration. Analyses of demographic information and refugee statistics suggest that most of the countries of the region have experienced net annual emigration continuously since the 1960's. In 1978 and thereafter, however, the volume of annual net emigration for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua increased to as much as 15 times previous levels. And as a result neighboring countries experienced unprecedented net immigration...." Appendixes contain information on the derivation of estimates of Central American migrants living in the United States as well as the tables referred to in the text.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20512 Picouet, Michel; Pellegrino, Adela; Papail, Jean. Immigration to Venezuela. [L'immigration au Venezuela.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 2, Nov 1986. 25-47 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Immigration to Venezuela is examined using census data with the focus on the period 1971-1981. A brief overview of trends since the beginning of the twentieth century is first presented. The analysis indicates that "immigration to Venezuela is clearly of a short-term nature. Flows follow job opportunities and adjust to the labour market and to the financial capacity of the exchange market. The large increase of migratory movements to Venezuela in the 1970's is characterized by a diversification of their places of origin and by a greater instability. To a large extent, the migrants are illegal, especially those coming from Colombia and the Caribbean islands. Because of the crisis of the early 1980's, which is now worsened by the down trend of both oil prices and the U.S. dollar, Venezuela has become less attractive to immigrants, particularly from neighbouring countries." The authors observe that migrants in Venezuela are not well integrated and may depart, disrupting the labor supply in certain technical and specialized occupations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20513 Pittau, Franco. Italian emigration in Switzerland: problems of employment and social security. [Emigrazione italiana in Svizzera: problemi del lavoro e della sicurezza sociale.] 1984. 315 pp. Franco Angeli: Milan, Italy. In Ita.
Italian immigration in Switzerland is analyzed. The focus is on the relevant legislation concerning this immigration stream and the provisions for Swiss health and unemployment benefits. A chapter is included on quantitative aspects of this migration since before World War II
Publisher's address: Casella Postale 17130, 20100 Milan, Italy.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20514 Sabagh, Georges; Bozorgmehr, Mehdi. Are the characteristics of exiles different from immigrants? The case of Iranians in Los Angeles. Sociology and Social Research, Vol. 71, No. 2, Jan 1987. 77-84 pp. Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
"This paper examines the demographic, religious, and socioeconomic differences between immigrants and political refugees or exiles from Iran [in Los Angeles, California]. Data are from the 1980 U.S. Census Public Use Microdata Sample for the 1975-80 and the pre-1975 Iranian immigrant cohorts. While the pre-1975 cohort includes mainly Iranians who came to the United States for study, for a visit, or for work, the 1975-80 cohort is made up of these types of immigrants as well as exiles or political refugees who fled Iran after the 1978 revolution." Attention is given to minority, demographic, educational, occupational, and income characteristics of the 1975-1980 and the pre-1975 immigration cohorts
It is found that "the 1975-80 cohort includes a higher proportion of religious minorities and is much more balanced with respect to age and sex distribution than the pre-1975 cohort." In addition, the more recent cohort of migrants from Iran was found to have lower educational attainment, social class, and income level than the earlier group.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20515 Sarmad, Khwaja. Pakistani migration to the Middle East countries. Studies in Population, Labour Force and Migration: Project Report, No. 9, Feb 1985. [vi], 49 pp. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics [PIDE]: Islamabad, Pakistan. In Eng.
The author considers the costs and benefits for Pakistan of the large-scale emigration that has taken place in the 1970s. A number of official and other published estimates of migration flows are used. "The first section presents the evidence on the stock of Pakistani migrants abroad and analyses the migrant out-flow in terms of the area of origin. In the second section the skill composition of migrant labour is discussed, which is followed by an analysis of the effect of migration on the domestic labour market. Next, the social consequences of migration have been analysed; and the last section looks at the evidence on the volume of workers' remittances and on their utilization and impact on the economy."
The author observes that in the rural agricultural sector, emigration has reduced unemployment, and repatriated earnings have led to innovation and modernization in agricultural techniques and increased productivity. In urban centers, shortages of skilled workers as a result of emigration have outweighed the potential benefits of remittances increasing domestic savings and investment pools. The author notes the discrepancies between the private gains and social costs resulting from emigration as well as the need for comprehensive policies to manage labor migration and remittance flows.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20516 Shah, Nasra M. Foreign workers in Kuwait: implications for the Kuwaiti labor force. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 815-32 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
An analysis of the foreign population in Kuwait shows that foreign nationals make up 60 percent of the population and 78 percent of the labor force in Kuwait. The implications of these figures for the Kuwaiti labor force are discussed by analyzing the occupational structures of Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis. "Structural analysis of the labor force indicates that 62 percent of Kuwaiti males are concentrated in administrative and service occupations while their percentage in sales and production work has declined during 1970-80. This demonstrates the need for reorienting educational/training programs and changing Kuwaiti attitudes towards manual work to ensure the realization of the 'Kuwaitization' process, and balance the nationals with foreign nationals."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20517 Simon, Julian L. Basic data concerning immigration into the United States. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, Sep 1986. 12-56 pp. Beverly Hills, California. In Eng.
"This article provides a wide range of data measuring the volume of international migration into and out of the United States and describing the immigrants' demographic and labor market characteristics....The volume of immigration, both relative to population size and in absolute numbers, is lower than it was at the turn of this century. Present-day immigrants, like immigrants always and everywhere, tend to be youthful adults who have not yet attained full family size. Contemporary immigrants tend to be substantially more concentrated in the professional and highest education groups than the native labor force, with a slightly higher concentration in the lowest education groups as well. Immigrant groups generally have higher labor force participation than native groups. Their fertility is no higher, and in most groups is lower, than the natives'."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20518 Simon, Rita J. Immigration and American public policy. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, ISBN 0-8039-2827-0. LC 86-060307. Sep 1986. 251 pp. Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, California. In Eng.
This special issue contains 13 papers by different authors on aspects of recent immigration to the United States. The collection is designed to provide information relevant to the current debate concerning changes in immigration policy. It includes "articles that assess the economic and social impact on the United States of recent immigrants from different parts of the world, the adjustments that they have made to American society, the jobs they hold, the education they have attained, and the money they earn. There are also articles on bilingualism and separatism, on public attitudes toward immigrants, and on the changing behavior of white ethnic early-immigrant communities."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20519 Straubhaar, Thomas. The causes of international labor migrations--a demand-determined approach. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1986. 835-55 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The author first studies the reasons why people migrate using a neoclassical approach concerning income differentials. He tests this approach empirically and demonstrates its limits. A demand-determination approach based on human capital theory is then outlined to overcome these limits and to take into account restrictive immigration controls. Migration from Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, and Turkey to the European Community destination countries is examined. It is concluded that "the demand for immigrants in the destination country is the decisive condition for the phenomenon of international labor migration, and the supply of migration-willing workers is only a necessary condition."
Author's address: Department of Economics, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20520 Tassello, Graziano. The myth of the north. Bibliography on clandestine migration. [Il mito del nord. Rassegna bibliografica sulle migrazioni clandestine.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 23, No. 84, Oct-Dec 1986. [66] pp. Centro Studi Emigrazione: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
A bibliography of works on illegal migration is presented. The bibliography is based on the collections of three major institutions concerned with the study of migration in New York, Paris, and Rome, and focuses on the situation in Europe and the United States. The bibliography is organized alphabetically by author, and a selection of the entries is provided with abstracts in Italian. No subject or geographical index is provided.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20521 Tribalat, Michele. Chronicle of immigration. [Chronique de l'immigration.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1987. 129-52 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The current situation concerning immigration to France is reviewed. Recent changes in French law concerning immigrants are first described. Next, immigration trends in 1985 are analyzed by country of origin. Finally, an attempt is made to estimate the foreign population of France in 1985.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20522 Withers, Glenn. Migration and the labour market: Australian analysis. Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper, No. 144, ISBN 0-949293-58-X. Jul 1986. 50 pp. Australian National University, Centre for Economic Policy Research: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This discussion paper reviews, synthesizes and extends the recent research on migration [to Australia]....The effect of migration on employment, unemployment, wages and prices is examined....The relationship between migrant status and employment, unemployment and occupational status is also examined, as are the income gains for migrants relative to the country of origin. It is concluded that the Australian experience with large-scale settler migration has not operated to the disadvantage of the host labour economy....At the same time, migrants themselves have benefited considerably."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20523 Wong, Kar-Yiu. The economic analysis of international migration: a generalization. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 19, No. 2, May 1986. 357-62 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This note examines and extends the following two propositions: that finite international factor movements are beneficial to the nationals of the destination country but detrimental to those left behind in the source country and that marginal movements do not have such welfare effects. Using some newly developed techniques, the propositions are found to be valid, irrespective of the number of goods and factors, if the economy starts from the autarky position. When only one factor can flow, the gain of the nationals (loss of those left behind) will be positively dependent upon the amount of inflow (outflow). However, if goods trade and/or factor flow are initially present, the propositions are in general not true."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

53:20524 Abdala, Felix. The migratory process in Mendoza in recent decades. [El proceso migratorio mendocino en las ultimas decadas.] Cuaderno del CENEP, No. 37, Dec 1986. 90 pp. Centro de Estudios de Poblacion [CENEP]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
The author analyzes the migratory process in the province of Mendoza, Argentina, for the period 1947-1980. An introduction provides a brief review of migration concepts and analysis and of regional economic trends during the period studied. Chapter 1 is concerned with interprovincial migration before and after 1970. The focus of Chapter 2 is on interdepartmental migration and includes examinations of population redistribution between provinces and between departments, types of migrants, migration flows and net migration, and differences in migration behavior among natives and foreigners.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20525 Atzema, O. A. L. C.; Bargeman, C. A. Population growth and internal migration in the peri-urban and extra-urban areas of the Netherlands. [Accroissement de la population et migrations interieures dans les regions peri-urbaines et extra-urbaines des Pays-Bas.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 3, 1986. 6, 47-53 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The differences in regional growth in the Netherlands are increasingly linked with internal migrations. Since the seventies, a slackening of counter-urbanization is observed while flows of young migrants are increasing towards the urban areas. A result of this change is the ageing of the non-urban population."
Author's address: Institute of Geography, Geografisch en Planologisch Instituut, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen, Berg en Dalseweg 122, NL-6522 BW Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20526 Australia. Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). Interstate migration, Australia: census of population and housing, 30 June 1981. Pub. Order No. 3411.0. 1984. iii, 43 pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This report contains data on interstate migration in Australia. The data are from the censuses of 1971, 1976, and 1981 and are classified by age and sex
Publisher's address: P.O. Box 10, Belconnen ACT 2616, Australia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20527 Bates, J.; Bracken, I. Migration age profiles for local authority areas in England, 1971-1981. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 19, No. 4, Apr 1987. 521-35 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper is a report on continuing research on the application of age profiles in migration analysis. In particular, it is an update of previous work published in this journal with an analysis of 1981 Census data for local authority areas in England. The changes in migration patterns over the intercensal period from 1971 to 1981 are described." The focus is on internal migration.
For a related study by Bracken and Bates, published in 1983, see 49:20547.
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

53:20528 Brehm, Klaus. The spatial mobility of the population in central Java. [Die raumliche Mobilitat der Bevolkerung in Zentral-Java.] Mitteilungen des Instituts fur Asienkunde Hamburg, No. 152, ISBN 3-88910-029-5. 1986. xiii, 242 pp. Verbund Stiftung Deutsches Ubersee-Institut: Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Ind.
The author analyzes spatial mobility in the south central Javan region of Indonesia. The emphasis is on the permanent migration of individuals and families; the characteristics, motives, and attitudes of migrants; and the socioeconomic situation in the areas of migrant origin and destination. Particular attention is paid to migration to the Yogyakarta urban region. Consideration is given to policies that might help relieve the migration pressure on a limited number of major urban centers, such as building up regional infrastructures and promoting secondary urban centers.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20529 Centro de Estudos Migratorios (Sao Paulo, Brazil). Migration in Brazil: the pilgrimage of a landless people. [Migracoes no Brasil: o peregrinar de um povo sem terra.] O Povo quer Viver, No. 17, ISBN 85-05-00620-8. 1986. 82 pp. Edicoes Paulinas: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
Recent migration trends in Brazil are analyzed. The emphasis is on the internal migration of the landless poor. Chapters are included on the development of the urban population; internal migration trends from 1940 to 1980; a map of migration; intra- and interregional migration; the main areas of exodus; and recent trends such as the growth of slum areas around cities, migration to the agricultural frontier, proletarianization and seasonal migration, and international migration.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20530 de Carvalho, Jose A. M. Internal migration: direct and indirect measurement. [Migracoes internas: mensuracao direta e indireta.] Revista Brasileira de Estatistica, Vol. 43, No. 171, Jul-Sep 1982. 549-83 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
Alternative methods for the estimation of internal migration are described and applied to official Brazilian census data for 1970 and 1980. Consideration is given to the problems caused by the quality of the available data.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20531 Dekkers, A. J. M.; Kuijper, H. Intra-municipal changes of residence and internal migration in 1985. [Binnengemeentelijke verhuizingen en binnenlandse migratie in 1985.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 35, No. 3, Mar 1987. 12-22 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The methodology used in compiling official Dutch statistics on residential mobility and internal migration is described. The data for 1985 are then presented and compared to the 1984 data. Separate consideration is given to intra-municipal moves, moves within provinces, and moves between provinces.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20532 Doh, Rainer. The socioeconomic factors affecting internal migration in Turkey. [Die sozio-okonomischen Faktoren der internen Migration in der Turkei.] ISBN 3-922128-16-5. LC 85-221243. 1985. iii, 346, 27 pp. Bibliotheksdienst Angerer: Munich, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
In this book, originally written as a dissertation, the author analyzes the socioeconomic factors affecting internal migration in Turkey. The data are taken from official statistics and are primarily for the period 1965-1975. Chapters are included on theoretical approaches to explaining migration, regional differences in socioeconomic structure as a condition for internal migration, empirical analyses of migration, and correlation and regression analyses of the socioeconomic factors related to internal migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20533 Ellson, Richard W.; Gilley, Brian A. Comings and goings. Business and Economic Review, Vol. 33, No. 2, Jan-Mar 1987. 3-7 pp. Columbia, South Carolina. In Eng.
Migration trends affecting the state of South Carolina since 1970 are analyzed. The authors conclude that in-migration has accounted for 40 percent of the state's population increase and that the state is more prosperous because of this migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:20534 Fassmann, Heinz. Migration in Austria: 1850-1900. Migration flows within the monarchy and the structure of migration to Vienna. [Migration in Osterreich: 1850-1900. Migrationsstrome innerhalb der Monarchie und Struktur der Zuwanderung nach Wien.] Demographische Informationen, 1986. 22-36, 144-5 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The author surveys migration within the Austrian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1850 to 1900 using census data. "As a result of the increase in regional mobility during the nineteenth century, clearly defined patterns of migration developed involving movement from the peripheral areas to the center....In the process of this development, various sub-systems of migration appeared. Of these, migration from one region to another was more important than that within the same region...and Vienna, the Imperial capital, became the center of migration." Migrants are studied by place of origin and distance traveled and by social class and demographic characteristics. Employment, segregation, and the integration of urban migrants are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20535 Findley, Sally E. An interactive contextual model of migration in Ilocos Norte, the Philippines. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 1987. 163-90 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper develops and estimates an interactive contextual model of migration in Ilocos Norte, the Philippines. It focuses on how contextual features alter the effects of family class status and community development level on the family's migration decisions. The model estimates show a curvilinear relation between class status and migration, but the pattern differs in accordance with the prevalence of migration from the community in the past. In addition, the effects of socioeconomic development and agricultural commercialization patterns vary with context. These results demonstrate the importance of using interactive models for analyzing the contextual influences on migration."
Author's address: Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20536 Goldstein, Sidney. Forms of mobility and their policy implications: Thailand and China compared. Social Forces, Vol. 65, No. 4, Jun 1987. 915-42 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"This paper assesses the impact of development efforts on the various forms of population mobility in Thailand and China. In Thailand, rural development efforts, more investment in small urban places, and improved transport and communication networks have all contributed to a decrease in rural-rural migration and an increase of movement between urban places. Evidence also suggests that circulation between rural and urban places has increased. In China, where permanent migration is tightly controlled, development policies have led to a vast increase in temporary movement. Especially important has been institution of the agricultural responsibility system and investment in small city and town development, but urban reforms have also fostered increased labor mobility." It is concluded that implementing policies that foster temporary migration may enable these countries to adjust effectively to changing economic situations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20537 Hussein, Salwa. The impact of development on internal migration streams among Egyptian governorates. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1986. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 16, 1987. 151-82 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"This paper...[attempts] to examine the relationship between development factors and migration streams [in Egypt] and to disaggregate origins of migration into two groups according to their level of development." Four groups of socioeconomic and demographic variables are used to measure the level of spatial development and the extent of disparities among the Egyptian governorates. The author uses multiple regression analysis to examine the effects on net migration and in-migration rates of distance, per capita income, employment rate, literacy rate, and the percentage of families living in homes with electricity. The analysis is based primarily on data from the 1976 census and other government statistics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20538 Kalipeni, Ezekiel. Internal migration and development in Malawi: a geographic perspective. Pub. Order No. DA8618362. 1986. 249 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to investigate the internal migration of people in Malawi....First, the study explores the geographic patterns of internal migration in Malawi for the 1966 and 1977 intercensal period....Second, the interrelationships between internal migration and modernization or development for the two years 1966 and 1977 are analyzed." A third objective is "to examine the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of a sample of in-migrants to two areas, one urban and the other rural, the city of Lilongwe and a few areas of Mchinji District." Changes in the patterns of internal migration and population distribution during the period are analyzed using regression and factor analysis. "The results indicate that measures of internal migration in Malawi are functionally linked with several demographic and socioeconomic factor dimensions."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(8).

53:20539 Kozlov, G. S. Contemporary characteristics of interregional migration. [Sovremennye osobennosti vnutriraionnoi migratsii.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 12, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1986. 87-94 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author develops a new approach to the study of internal migration in the USSR. This approach involves consideration of the socioeconomic factors affecting migration and of the impact of migration. It is illustrated using the example of the migration of young people from small towns to major urban centers.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20540 Ledent, Jacques; Liaw, Kao-Lee. Characteristics, causes, and consequences of elderly migration in Canada, 1976-1981: an analysis based on micro data. QSEP Research Report, No. 184, Dec 1986. 64 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
The authors examine aspects of migration among the elderly in Canada using micro data from the Public Use Sample files of the 1971, 1976, and 1981 censuses. Section 2 describes briefly this data file, before Section 3 introduces a few generalities about the intensity and the spatial features of elderly migration in Canada. The characteristics of the elderly migrants themselves are examined in Section 4 by means of an analysis that emphasizes the influence of various socioeconomic traits on (1) their propensity to change municipalities and (2) the breakdown of intermunicipal migrants by type of destination....The rest of the paper [is] devoted to the causes and consequences of elderly migration [and] focuses on just interprovincial migration. Section 5 presents a statistical analysis of how the elderly's personal attributes interact with ecological factors in determining migration streams between provinces. Finally...Section 6 examines the impact of interprovincial migration on the socioeconomic composition of the elderly population in the sending and receiving provinces."
Publisher's address: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4M4.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1986, p. 411).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20541 Liaw, K. L.; Webber, M. J.; Kanaroglou, P.; Papageorgiou, Y. Y. Interpreting interregional migration data: net migration and the steady state distribution. QSEP Research Report, No. 151, Dec 1985. 28 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper uses a simple mathematical model and data about interprovincial migration in Canada to show that net migration is usually a misleading proxy for place utility whereas the steady state regional population shares, derived from the observed interregional out-migration rates, are a more reasonable reflection of the place utilities of the system. Reasons for the continued dependence on net migration in migration research are also provided."
Publishers' address: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4M4.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20542 Matsuda, Noriyuki. Spatial organization of the Brazilian states with respect to human migration. Behaviormetrika, No. 19, Jan 1986. 41-53 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"Multidimensional scaling technique was applied to the Brazilian migration matrix in order to identify the functional regions of the nation, using the 1970 census data for males. The results obtained from three types of proximity matrices confirmed the key roles of Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso as the core states in addition to Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Substantial circulation of migrants among the core states runs counter to the popular notion about the Northeastern states as the major source of labor in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. The Northeast [was] found to consist of three groups of states: Maranhao, Piaui and Ceara showed a stable clustering, but peripherally located, in all configurations; and, the other two groups failed to form persistent regions across configurations. Though limited in scope, the observed attraction of Espirito Santo and Goias violated the widely held negative effect of distance and deserves further investigation."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:20543 Mdemu, Chotigunga C. Migration to and from Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania: volume, trends and regional patterns. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1986. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 16, 1987. 337-60 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author analyzes trends in migration to and from Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, for the periods 1967-1977 and 1977-1978. Data from the 1978 census are used to estimate the distribution of the population of Dar-es-Salaam by migration status, migration volume and trends in the intercensal period, and regional patterns of lifetime and period migration by sex.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20544 Molho, Ian. The migration decisions of young men in Great Britain. Applied Economics, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb 1987. 221-43 pp. London, England. In Eng.
An analysis of migration in the United Kingdom of males aged 16 to 24 is presented using data from the 1979 European Commission Labour Force Survey. The author constructs a disaggregate choice model that incorporates spatial aspects of migration decision making. The results indicate that migration decisions of young men are significantly affected by family circumstances, housing tenure, educational attainment, labor force status, and occupation. Distinct differences are noted between migration patterns of economically active job changers, other economically active young men, and those out of work
Author's address: Department of Economics, University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 7RU, England.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:20545 Moulin, Marie-Annie. The masons of the Haute-Marche in the eighteenth century. [Les macons de la Haute-Marche au XVIIIe siecle.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 227-33 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines migration patterns among stonemasons in eighteenth-century France, focusing on temporary movements related to employment. Attention is given to the distribution throughout France of masons from the Haute-Marche, or present-day Creuse department.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20546 Nassiet, Michel. A study of geographical mobility in the modern period: the petty nobility of Haute-Bretagne. [Une etude de mobilite geographique a l'epoque moderne: la petite noblesse de Haute-Bretagne.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 235-50 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper presents a method for studying migration among male adults [in France] in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Observation is possible for married men, their homes being known from their children's baptism and their own and their wives' burial records, and in particular for the notables of the province of Haute-Bretagne, for whom scholars have made vast recensions of records from many parish registers. The method has been tested on a small sample of the poorer gentry. Most of the adults change parishes at least once in their lifetime, but there is little migration outside a 7 km. radius. Within this radius, we find, after four generations of migration, most of the descendants of a given ancestor. Migration far afield and towards town is rare. The mobility of this rural gentry is high in terms of movement from one parish to another, but relatively low in terms of time and space."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20547 Ogawa, Naohiro. Internal migration in Japanese postwar development. NUPRI Research Paper Series, No. 33, Nov 1986. vi, 45 pp. Nihon University, Population Research Institute: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"In postwar Japan, both trends and patterns of internal migration have dramatically changed. The present paper discusses the process of mobility transition and its interaction with rapid industrialization. In Section II of the paper, the change in the types of internal migration observed in the past three decades is analyzed, and its effect upon population redistribution is examined. In Section III, the determinants of interprefectural migration are identified, using data from the 1970 and 1980 Population Censuses. Section IV deals with an analysis of the interrelationships between rural-urban migration and economic development by heavily drawing upon a reduced form of the Harris-Todaro model."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20548 Pooler, James. Modelling interprovincial migration using entropy-maximizing methods. Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 1987. 57-64 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng.
"The concern in this paper is with the prediction of population movements through the mathematical modelling of migration. In particular, the emphasis is on the testing of one of the most basic of a family of models of spatial interaction that have been developed in an information theoretic context in geography. Of special interest with this basic, totally constrained interaction model is the role of the distance variable in population migration and the extent to which it can be employed to predict Canadian interprovincial population migration flows."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20549 Raishad. Inter-provincial migration in Pakistan. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1986. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 16, 1987. 495-521 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
Data from the 1981 census are used to study various aspects of internal migration in Pakistan. The author examines the volume of interprovincial migration, the impact of net intercensal migration on population growth, patterns of migration by sex and province, and the sex composition and educational characteristics of migrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20550 Rastogi, S. R. Migration streams and the characteristics of the migrants in two selected cities of Uttar Pradesh. Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report, No. 25, Dec 1985. 29, v pp. Lucknow University, Department of Economics, Population Research Centre: Lucknow, India. In Eng.
The author studies the adult male population of two cities in Uttar Pradesh, India, and attempts to determine the proportion of in-migrants, internal migration patterns, and the socio-demographic characteristics of migrants and nonmigrants. A large proportion of the male in-migrant population is found to be literate, educated, and skilled. The author suggests that policymakers regulate migration flow and introduce policies to reduce the wide rural-urban differentials in employment opportunities through faster economic development of rural areas.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20551 Schwartz, Joe. On the road again. American Demographics, Vol. 9, No. 4, Apr 1987. 38-42 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
Recent internal migration trends in the United States are analyzed using official data. The results show a continuation of the increase in migration that began in 1983. The only area gaining migrants is the South; most migrations, however, are of short distance. Metropolitan areas are gaining population throughout the country; within those areas, suburban counties are gaining migrants and central cities are losing them.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20552 Singh, J. P. A regional analysis of population mobility in India. Asian Profile, Vol. 13, No. 5, Oct 1985. 409-24 pp. Hong Kong. In Eng.
"In the main, this paper is intended to examine the inter-state volume and intra-state rate of migration for three Indian states, Bihar, West Bengal and Kerala, in a comparative manner. An effort will be made to show how the regional variations in social, cultural and economic conditions account for differing patterns in migration between states." The sex ratios of migrants are also considered. Data are primarily from the 1961 and 1971 censuses, with some additional census figures back to 1901 to illustrate trends. It is found that there is more intrastate than interstate migration; Bihar and Kerala are out-migrating states and West Bengal is an in-migrating state; and interstate migration is, with some variations, primarily male, while females migrate more within the three states.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

53:20553 Skeldon, Ronald. On migration patterns in India during the 1970s. Population and Development Review, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1986. 759-79, 822, 824 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper uses the results of the 5 percent sample of the 1981 Census of India to compare migration in the 1970s with that of the 1960s. Data on place of previous residence by duration of residence are used to examine intersectoral flows. Although no significant increase in overall migration in India is apparent, the impression of stability must be qualified; important and increasing forms of mobility, particularly intra-urban, are not captured by the census, and there are salient changes in the pattern of movement. For example, a stagnation in rural-to-rural movement, a swing toward rural-to-urban migration, a marked increase in female participation, and a relative decline in short-term movement are observed. The role of migration in urban growth, the reasons for migration, and linkages between migration and economic change since the 1960s are examined."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20554 Stpiczynski, Tadeusz. Internal migration studies. [Badanie migracji wewnetrznych.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 31, No. 10, Oct 1986. 16-20 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
Recent research on internal migration in Poland is reviewed. The basic sources of data, consisting of censuses or surveys, are first described. The author discusses the relationship between migration studies and other sectors of the national economy, and particularly the relationship between migration and income.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20555 Sumono. Inter-provincial migration in Indonesia 1971-1980 with particular reference to Java-Bali region. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1986. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 16, 1987. 555-86 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1971 and 1980 Indonesian censuses "to identify the patterns of inter- and intra-regional migration; to study the impact of inter-provincial migration on the rural and urban population; to study inter-provincial return migration, in order to assess the permanency of migration; and to examine the effectiveness of inter-provincial migration." The focus of the paper is on the Java-Bali region.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20556 Tallet, Bernard. Ethnic areas and migration: how to direct the movement. [Espaces ethniques et migrations: comment gerer le mouvement?] Politique Africaine, No. 20, Dec 1985. 65-77 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent internal migration trends in Burkina Faso are analyzed. The general trend noted is a migration by the Mossi toward the southwest of the country in search of agricultural land. The growing tensions between migrants and the native population of the region are discussed. The role of the state and of policy in this area is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:20557 Thapa, Poonam. Socioeconomic change and rural migration in Nepal: individual and household relations. Pub. Order No. DA8617793. 1986. 290 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The research analyzes migration decision making [in Nepal] at individual and household levels to explore aspects of migration as an adjustment strategy." The author focuses on four areas: an examination of historical relations, a survey of data that identifies processes of socioeconomic differentiation during the period 1970-1980, an examination of circumstances under which an individual or an entire household selects migration as an adjustment strategy, and a consideration of social and economic consequences of out- and in-migration. Weighted least squares categorical data models are used
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Indiana University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(5).

53:20558 Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto. Some factors affecting population movement in East Java, Indonesia. [Beberapa aspek yang melatarbelakangi migrasi penduduk di propinsi Jawa Timur, Indonesia.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 13, No. 26, Dec 1986. v, 61-85 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
Determinants of internal migration and spatial distribution in East Java, Indonesia, are analyzed using 1971 and 1980 census data. Consideration is given to geographic, economic, and cultural factors.
Author's address: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kependudukan dan Ketenagakerjaan, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Indonesia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20559 Torki, Fawzi G. Size and characteristics of primary migrants in Egypt before and after the migration process. Egyptian Population and Family Planning Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, Jun 1984. 33-86 pp. Giza, Egypt. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to examine the size and characteristics of primary migrants in Egypt. It discusses these characteristics (social, economic and demographic) both before and after the migration process and according to basic streams of migration, i.e., urban to urban; rural to urban; urban to rural and rural to rural, using the most recent available data in this respect."
Author's address: Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, Cairo, Egypt.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20560 Tucker, C. Jack; Urton, William L. Frequency of geographic mobility: findings from the National Health Interview Survey. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 1987. 265-70 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Migration data from supplements to the 1979 and 1980 [U.S.] National Health Interview Survey are analyzed in terms of repeat mobility over three-year intervals. Frequency of mobility is strongly related to age; whites move more frequently than blacks; males move only slightly more frequently than females. Interstate migrants reported more moves over the three-year migration interval than did intrastate migrants; local movers were less prone to make multiple moves."
Author's address: Department of Sociology, Winthrop College, Rock Hill, SC 29733.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20561 Vasquez Parraga, Arturo Z. Economic cycle, migration, and employment: a model of conjunctural development. The fishmeal industry in Peru, 1940-1985. Pub. Order No. DA8700302. 1986. 565 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation seeks to explain migration and employment patterns in a specific region through the analysis of the relationship between these socio-demographic phenomena and a determinant economic cycle. A textbook case constitutes the centerpiece of information: the economic cycle of the fishmeal industry in Peru, which has taken place since 1955....Detailed information and analysis on the largest fishing port, Chimbote, and its regional periphery are highlighted."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Texas at Austin.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(9).

53:20562 Walsh, A. Crosbie. On the move: migration, urbanization and development in Papua New Guinea. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, Mar 1987. 21-40 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"Migration and urbanization data from Papua New Guinea's first truly national census in 1980 are considered against a backdrop of spatial and social inequalities. Source and destination factors affecting migration flows and destinations are found to relate to population density, availability of rural wages, ease of access, destination wage-earning opportunities, historical linkages and present day developments. Short-distance migration differs from longer-distance migration; many migrants are short-term, and possibly circular, migrants. Migration and urbanization are considered part of the same process of developmental change." A section is included on earlier censuses and surveys, data reliability, and related problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20563 Watkins, John F. Migration of the elderly in the United States: a multiregional analysis. Pub. Order No. DA8700397. 1986. 542 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation extends the analysis of elderly migration [in the United States] by taking a demographic perspective in studying the existing migration patterns and the impact that they have on individual life histories, and the future growth and distribution of the aged population." Migration of the elderly is studied using both multi-regional demographic models and life table analysis. "The dissertation also addresses the problems associated with large-scale multiregional models, and studies methods of reducing the size of the models while retaining a high level of the original information."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(9).

53:20564 Wilson, Franklin D. Aspects of migration in an advanced industrial society. CDE Working Paper, No. 86-25, [1986]. 36, [11] pp. University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"This paper...will explore various dimensions of the association of migration with metropolitanization, within the context of regional socioeconomic development during the 1935-40 period of U.S. history. The general hypothesis to be evaluated is that patterns of migration within and between the metropolitan and nonmetropolitan sectors and between regions, and migrant/nonmigrant differentials in education attainment are reflective of historical differences in socioeconomic development and settlement patterns." The data are primarily from the Public Use Microdata files of the 1940 and 1980 U.S. censuses. It is found that "gross migration flows during the 1935-40 period, and changes reflected in the 1975-80 period are consistent with the mobility transition hypothesis, giving support to the idea that developmental impulses, operating primarily through the metropolitanization process, structure the context within which migration occurs....Results also indicate that differences in the socioeconomic structure of functionally distinct geographic aggregates are reflected in migrant/nonmigrant differences in education attainment."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20565 Wilson, Franklin D. Metropolitan and nonmetropolitan migration streams: 1935-1980. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 1987. 211-28 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Results based on an analysis of [U.S.] migration streams involving the metropolitan and nonmetropolitan sectors and covering a longer time interval than previously possible indicate that efforts to describe changes in the volume of movements connecting these sectors could benefit from greater attention to other related streams as well as existing patterns of population concentration. The metropolitanization process continues but is now being affected substantially by regional redistribution trends. Regional differentials in the size of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan migration streams are declining but are still substantial, so an equilibrium balance between the metropolitan and nonmetropolitan sectors will probably not occur in the immediate future."
Author's address: Center for Demography and Ecology, 4443 Social Science Building, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20566 Yeatts, Dale E.; Biggar, Jeanne C.; Longino, Charles F. Distance versus destination: stream selectivity of elderly interstate migrants. Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 42, No. 3, May 1987. 288-94 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The relative effect of distance on migration selectivity in the United States is analyzed using data from the 1-in-100 Public Use Microdata Sample from the 1970 census. "Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics common to selectivity studies were used for the comparisons. The findings showed that distance made little difference. Controlling for destination, we matched and compared the characteristics of older migrants from states of different distances. We looked at those coming to Arizona from California, Illinois, and Ohio, to the New York City suburbs from Pennsylvania and Florida, and to Chicago from Michigan and California. Repeatedly the story was the same. Distance was not an important factor; significant differences between these streams were rare."
Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

53:20567 Klistorin, V. I. Forecasting the reorganization of the settlement pattern in a region of formation of a territorial-production complex. Soviet Sociology, Vol. 25, No. 4, Spring 1987. 47-59 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The author investigates the formation and development of territorial-production complexes (TPCs) in the USSR. "The main issue in preliminary studies for a TPC is to determine the long-term industrial and territorial structure of the TPC, as well as to set the sequence of priorities for the construction and start-up of plants in specialized sectors complementing and serving the various industries making up the TPC. Forecasts [must be] made for the size of the population and the dimensions of the industrial and social infrastructure subserving the industrial units in the TPC to be expected by the end of a specified period of time. Our purpose is to determine the dynamics of the above-enumerated elements of the system, as well as the main population growth parameters of all cities and rural areas in a specified region."
This is a translation of the Russian article in Izvestiya Sibirskogo Otdeleniya Akademii Nauk SSSR: Seriya Ekonomiki i Prikladnoi Sotsiologii (Novosibirsk, USSR), No. 1, Jan 1985, pp. 38-46.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20568 Pilatti Balhana, Altiva. The settlement and population of Parana. [Le peuplement et la population du Parana.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1986. 81-102 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author surveys the settlement of Parana, Brazil, from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries using a variety of historical and published sources. It is found that "during the first centuries, the colonizers were few and settled on the coast. Animal husbandry, mate and pinewood extraction and subsistence farming were the main forms of economic activity practised by the three ethnic groups present during this first stage: enslaved natives, Portuguese and blacks. During the latter half of the eighteenth century, the colonization, for geo-political reasons, spread inland. The colonizers, who were mostly born in Brazil, settled in the south of the colony where they developed farming activities. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the arrival of European and Asian immigrants, combined with internal migration streams, modified the ethno-economic structure of the region. In the north, tropical coffee-farming had very strong demographic effects: the population of Parana grew almost sevenfold between 1940 and 1960."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20569 Schraeder, Peter J. Involuntary migration in Somalia: the politics of resettlement. Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 24, No. 4, Dec 1986. 641-62 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this study is to examine the political dynamics associated with sedentarisation, using the case-study of Somalia...." The study includes both the settlement of pastoral nomads from Somalia and the burgeoning refugee population from Ethiopia. The author notes that "the politicisation of the process, including divisive domestic issues, the unresolved Somali-Ethiopian conflict, and the politics of donor relationships, have guided the formulation and have limited the successful implementation of resettlement programmes in Somalia."
Author's address: International Studies Association, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

53:20570 Piche, Victor. Temporary international migration: its functioning and implications for Quebec. [La migration internationale temporaire: son fonctionnement et ses implications pour le Quebec.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 207, [1986?]. [8] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The author examines temporary labor migration and its significance for Quebec, using official sources of data and other published works. A system of temporary labor migration is first described, based on several historical examples from various countries. The specific case of Quebec is then considered. Attention is given to the migrants' status in terms of wages, employment opportunities, and legal rights
This article is reprinted from International Review of Community Development/Revue Internationale d'Action Communautaire (Montreal, Canada), Vol. 14, No. 54, Autumn 1985, pp. 15-22.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20571 Programa de Investigaciones Sociales sobre Poblacion en America Latina [PISPAL] (Mexico City, Mexico). He is going to return: a seminar on temporary migration in Latin America. [...Se fue a volver: seminario sobre migraciones temporales en America Latina.] ISBN 968-12-0350-X. 1986. 595 pp. Programa de Investigaciones Sociales sobre Poblacion en America Latina [PISPAL]: Mexico City, Mexico; Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Investigaciones CIUDAD: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of a conference on temporary migration in Latin America held in Quito, Ecuador, in November 1984. Following an introduction, Part 2 contains five papers on methodological and theoretical issues. Part 3 includes national-level studies concerning Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and Argentina. Part 4 consists of subnational-level studies concerning Brazil, Paraguay, Costa Rica, and Bolivia. Part 5 presents case studies from Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, Chile, and the United States.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20572 Taylor, John. Measuring circulation in Botswana. Area, Vol. 18, No. 3, Sep 1986. 203-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Despite growing awareness of the importance of circular population movements in the context of total population mobility in developing countries, the measurement of circulation remains problematic. This paper reviews existing measurement techniques and suggests a means of deriving summary indices of circulation from Hagerstrand-type life-lines of migrants in Botswana."
Author's address: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University, P.O. Box 41321, Casuarina NT 5792, Australia.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

53:20573 Adamchak, Donald J. Further evidence on economic and noneconomic reasons for turnaround migration. Rural Sociology, Vol. 52, No. 1, Spring 1987. 108-18 pp. Bozeman, Montana. In Eng.
The author examines reasons for turnaround migration in 13 nonmetropolitan counties in Kansas using survey data collected in 1981 and 1982. Both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan origin migrants are included. The findings are compared with those from the 1979 North Central study conducted by James D. Williams and Andrew J. Sofranko. "Economic reasons dominated for both metro and nonmetro Kansas migrants, and environmental/quality-of-life reasons were significantly different for the two migrant groups, although at much lower levels than in the North Central study. Conclusions and implications are discussed."
Author's address: Department of Sociology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506.
For the article by Williams and Sofranko, published in 1979, see 45:3493.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20574 Baril, Raymond; Gregory, Joel; Jacques, Rulx-Leonel. Exodus as a strategy of survival: the case of rural Haiti. [L'exode comme strategie de survie: le cas du monde rural haitien.] Collection de Tires a Part, No. 211, [1986?]. [36] pp. Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This article aims primarily at an understanding of the marginalization process and the various strategies of adaptation and/or migration developed by the population of [a] predominantly farming community in one part of Haiti." The focus is on out-migration from the rural community of Petit Goave; the data are from a variety of surveys of the region, undertaken primarily in the 1970s. According to this study, the concentration of productive and export-oriented activities in the capital city and the reduction of arable land have transformed economic and social structures in Haiti and have made migration an attractive option for the rural population. Education is seen as a factor exacerbating the decline of the rural, agricultural sector
This article is reprinted from Medio Ambiente Caribeno/Environnement Caraibe, No. 2, 1986, pp. 69-104.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20575 Bilsborrow, Richard E.; McDevitt, Thomas M.; Kossoudji, Sherrie; Fuller, Richard. The impact of origin community characteristics on rural-urban out-migration in a developing country. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 1987. 191-210 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"It is widely believed that structural variables such as inequitable land distribution, lack of rural employment opportunities, and rural-urban wage and amenity gaps influence population movements in developing countries. Yet quantitative evidence is scant. In this paper a multilevel model is used to investigate the effects of individual-, household-, and areal-level factors on rural-urban out-migration in the Ecuadorian Sierra. Data from a detailed survey carried out in 1977-1978 and from government macro-areal statistics are used to investigate factors affecting the out-migration of youths aged 12-25. Preliminary conclusions are presented on the usefulness of multilevel models in studying migration and policy implications for Ecuador."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1985 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 51, No. 3, Fall 1985, pp. 416).
Author's address: Carolina Population Center and Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-3997.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20576 Gill, Mehar S.; Singh, Mohan. Migration to Indian cities. Asian Profile, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jun 1986. 233-47 pp. Hong Kong. In Eng.
Migration to cities in India is analyzed using 1971 census data. Consideration is given to the main destinations of migrants, distance of migration, sex of migrants, and migration from outside India.
Author's address: Department of Geography, Punjabi University, Patiala, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

53:20577 Ji, Ping; Zhang, Kaiti; Liu, Dawei. Marriage motivated population movement in the outskirts of Beijing. Social Sciences in China, Vol. 7, No. 1, Mar 1986. 161-80 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
An analysis of migration among the rural population of China for reasons associated with marriage is presented. Data are from a sample survey undertaken in the outskirts of Beijing in 1982. The authors conclude that marriage is a major cause of rural-urban migration, particularly among women aged 20-29. They suggest that traditional attitudes toward marriage have helped to reinforce a marriage market in Chinese cities that creates a demand for young women from rural areas.
This is a translation of the Chinese article in Zhongguo Shehui Kexue, No. 3, 1985.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:20578 Kontuly, Thomas; Wiard, Susan; Vogelsang, Roland. Counterurbanization in the Federal Republic of Germany. Professional Geographer, Vol. 38, No. 2, May 1986. 170-81 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The extent of counterurbanization in the Federal Republic of Germany is analyzed. The arguments for and against the existence of counterurbanization in the country are first reviewed. The authors then apply four interrelated tests to the available data that confirm a trend toward counterurbanization starting in the 1960s
Author's address: University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.
Location: Princeton University Library (SG).

53:20579 Mohaghegh, Mehdi. The structural and institutional causes of rural-to-urban migration in developing countries: a dynamic analysis. Pub. Order No. DA8627764. 1986. 186 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The model presented in this dissertation emphasizes the institutional and structural changes that lead to a continuous relocation of rural populations in developing countries. The model takes into account the potential dynamics that link migration rates to growth performance, rural-urban migration to shifts in the derived demand for labor, and the interaction between rural and urban labor markets and the forces behind supply and demand in these markets." The general conclusion of the study holds that excessive, detrimental, rural-urban migration can be controlled only by altering those factors that encourage it and that such a goal should be a concern of development planners
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Clark University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(9).

53:20580 Rastogi, S. R. Socio-economic dimensions of rural-urban migration in Uttar Pradesh. Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report, No. 27, Jun 1986. 120 pp. Lucknow University, Department of Economics, Population Research Centre: Lucknow, India. In Eng.
This study of rural-urban migration in Uttar Pradesh, India, focuses on adult male migration and is based on interviews in 1983-1984 with 847 migrant and 324 nonmigrant males in two cities. The socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of migrants and nonmigrants, mobility patterns, reasons for migrating, problems of city life and migrants' living conditions, remittances, and intentions to return home are studied. Based on the findings, the author makes suggestions for framing future migration policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20581 Shrestha, Nanda R. Institutional policies and migration behavior: a selective review. World Development, Vol. 15, No. 3, Mar 1987. 329-45 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The migration process is examined as an example of how public policy and individual preferences frequently conflict. "The present article provides a selective review of how socioeconomic development-related institutional policies influence people's migration behavior, both in sociohistorical and contemporary contexts. The article traces in general terms the evolution of various development policies and their differential impacts on migration behavior." The author notes that industrial development has generally encouraged rural-urban migration and that the policies adopted in developing countries to control such migration have generally failed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:20582 South, Scott J. Metropolitan migration and social problems. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 1, Mar 1987. 3-18 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the impact of rapid in-migration to metropolitan areas on the quality of life. "Drawing on a Durkheimian perspective, this paper examines the effects of in- and out-migration over the period 1975-80 on rates of suicide, violent crime, property crime, and divorce for all U.S. SMSAs. The results indicate that rapid in-migration is associated with high rates of all four of these social problems. The magnitude of these effects rivals those of more traditional explanations such as population size and density."
Author's address: State University of New York, Albany, NY.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:20583 Stark, Oded; Lucas, Robert E. B. Migration, remittances and the family. Center for Population Studies Discussion Paper, No. 28, Feb 1987. 34 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Migration and Development Program: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
Trends in rural-urban migration and the extent of urban-rural remittances in developing countries are analyzed. "Remittances by migrants, along with migration itself, are elements in a migrant-family's intertemporal contractual arrangement. We discuss the reasons why the migrant and his family voluntarily enter into a mutually beneficial contractual arrangement with each other--rather than with a third party--and we identify conditions under which the contractual arrangement is self-enforcing." An example of observed remittance behavior across individual migrants in Botswana is provided
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1982 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 48, No. 3, Fall 1982, p. 488).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.