Volume 53 - Number 2 - Summer 1987

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

53:20001 Harris, Marvin; Ross, Eric B. Death, sex, and fertility: population regulation in preindustrial and developing societies. ISBN 0-231-06270-2. LC 86-18401. 1987. 227 pp. Columbia University Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
"Analyzing data from hunter-gatherers, preindustrial agriculturalists, early states, and Europe from the Greco-Roman period through the industrial revolution, the authors combine anthropological and demographic perspectives to present a consistent and provocative theory of population growth and fertility. In a far-reaching examination of factors influencing fertility rates, they determine that preindustrial cultural means of population control, relying heavily on control of mortality, were probably much more effective than previously credited. They suggested that this has considerable import for contemporary demographic debate, especially as it concerns the Third World." The authors go on to criticize current U.S. population policy, which they categorize as "free market demographics", and call for "responsible measures to prevent unwanted births, which would harmonize fertility more humanely with economic and social needs."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

53:20002 Armitage, R. I. English regional fertility and mortality patterns, 1975-1985. Population Trends, No. 47, Spring 1987. 16-23 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The biennial sub-national population projections use assumptions about future fertility and mortality in local areas of England. When making these assumptions past relationships between local and corresponding national rates for broad age (by sex) groups are studied. This article highlights differences between areas, and some changes which have occurred in the regional pattern of fertility and mortality over recent years."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20003 Brown, Lester R.; Jacobson, Jodi L. Our demographically divided world. Worldwatch Paper, No. 74, ISBN 0-916468-75-5. LC 86-51475. Dec 1986. 54 pp. Worldwatch Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors develop the theme that the world is being divided in two by demographic forces. "Nearly half the world, including the industrial countries and China, has completed or nearly completed the demographic transition. These countries, where fertility is at or below the replacement level, have either established a balance between births and deaths or they are in the process of doing so. In the other half, where birth rates remain high, rapid population growth is beginning to overwhelm local life-support systems in many countries, leading to ecological deterioration and declining living standards." The focus of the report is on the problems faced by countries that have not yet experienced the demographic transition.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20004 Morrison, Peter A. Continuity and change across the population sciences. Pub. Order No. P-7281. Dec 1986. iv, 21 pp. Rand Corporation: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
This paper is based on a briefing prepared for the National Advisory Child Health and Human Development Council concerning the breadth and coverage of population research in the United States. The author first describes the population sciences and what unifies them. Next, he provides examples to illustrate the scientific advances being made. Finally, he considers directions in which research is headed, with emphasis on the growing interconnections among the population centers receiving NICHD support.
Publisher's address: 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

53:20005 Abeysinghe, Tilak. Rising needs and falling family size: implications from Marx on demographic transition. Review of Social Economy, Vol. 44, No. 3, Dec 1986. 281-93 pp. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The author analyzes the decline in fertility and growing preference for smaller families that has occurred during the course of the demographic transition in today's industrialized countries. The analysis is based on an interpretation of Marx's views on population and wage labor, and concentrates on the reproductive behavior of the wage-earning class. The author concludes that workers reduced their family size as part of a survival strategy in order to maintain the value of their labor power.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:20006 Fedorov, G. M. A geo-demographic typology. [Geodemograficheskaya tipologiya.] LC 85-194751. 1985. 151 pp. Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo Universiteta: Leningrad, USSR. In Rus.
This study presents theoretical and methodological concepts concerning the study of geo-demography in the USSR. Geo-demography is concerned with the qualitative aspects of a given population and their relationship to various socioeconomic factors. In this approach, the region under study is classified according to various typologies using methods evolved from socioeconomic geography. Some examples from the USSR are provided.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:20007 Lachapelle, Rejean. An extension of the notion of the stationary population: low fertility and compensating immigration. [Une extension de la notion de population stationnaire: faible fecondite et immigration compensatrice.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 15, No. 2, Oct 1986. 279-86 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The author attempts to summarize recent studies concerning the concept of population replacement, particularly focusing on the role of immigration in the situation of below-replacement-level fertility. A stationary population framework is extended to analyze the current situation in Quebec.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20008 Sharma, A. K. Social inequality and demographic processes. 1985. x, 166 pp. Mittal Publications: Delhi, India. In Eng.
The relationship between social inequality and demographic processes is explored with particular reference to India. The main theme is that demographic transition theory fails to explain recent demographic trends in those developing countries in which mortality has stabilized at relatively high levels and there is resistance to family planning. The author concludes that the main cause of the stalling of the demographic transition process is to be found in the role of the state and the dynamics of the social structure and that "demographic trends will depend more on the changes in social structure, land reforms, and response of the formal governing system to the needs of the underprivileged sections of the society, rather than on the health and family planning policies."
Publisher's address: B-2/19-B, Lawrence Road, Delhi 110 035, India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

53:20009 Bozon, Michel. The history and sociology of a symbolic attribute, the Christian name. [Histoire et sociologie d'un bien symbolique, le prenom.] Population, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1987. 83-98 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Recent studies concerning Christian names are reviewed. The author notes the interdisciplinary nature of research on this topic, involving anthropology, sociology, and history. The geographic focus is on France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20010 Caldwell, John; Caldwell, Pat; Caldwell, Bruce. Anthropology and demography: the mutual reinforcement of speculation and research. Current Anthropology, Vol. 28, No. 1, Feb 1987. 25-43 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Most demographic theory attempts to explain changes in fertility and mortality, and much of it rests on anthropological assumptions. Yet the scale and quality of the anthropological work designed to establish, modify, or refute these assumptions have been trivial compared with the need. Where the ideas of demographers have attracted the interest of anthropologists, the result has more often been a stimulus to further theorizing than to investigation in the field. A fundamental problem is that demographic and anthropological theory have frequently fed on each other, each discipline accepting ideas which emerge from the other less skeptically than it would the ideas of its own members. This paper substantiates this charge with regard to two of a variety of possible themes, namely, the pre-modern deliberate control of fertility and the related concept of 'primitive affluence.' It goes on to consider the value of existing anthropological work in areas in which the authors are interested as demographers, to outline their experience as demographers attempting quasi-anthropological work, and to identify areas in which anthropological work is currently most needed for an understanding of demographic change and stability."
Author's address: Department of Demography, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, G.P.O. Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

53:20011 Cieslak, Marii. Demography: methods of analysis and projections. [Demografia: metody analizy i prognozowania.] ISBN 83-01-05305-4. 1984. 273 pp. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
This is a collective work by various authors intended as a general introduction to the methods used in demography. Chapters are included on population growth and the history of demography, the general characteristics of analytic methods used in demography, population characteristics, marriage and divorce, fertility, mortality, migration, population reproduction, and methods of population projection. The primary geographic focus is on Poland.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:20012 Kiefl, Walter; Heilig, Gerhard. Demographic teaching at universities in the Federal Republic of Germany: first results of a new survey. [Bevolkerungswissenschaftliche Lehre an Universitaten in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: erste Ergebnisse einer neuen Erhebung.] Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Mitteilungen, Vol. 65, Aug 1985. 35-56 pp. Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Results are presented from a survey of demographic teaching at universities in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1981 and 1985. The survey covered 1,128 courses, including those with a narrow demographic focus and those with a broader, interdisciplinary approach. Information is provided on the type of course, weekly number of hours, academic department, and demographic topics covered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20013 Lwanga, S. K.; Tye, Cho-Yook. Teaching health statistics: twenty lesson and seminar outlines. ISBN 92-4-156090-8. 1986. viii, 230 pp. World Health Organization [WHO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"The present set of outlines has been prepared in response to a recommendation of a WHO Interregional Conference on Teaching Statistics to Medical Students, held in Karachi in 1978, and the topics covered form an internationally acceptable standard basic curriculum for teaching health statistics to medical students. The lessons and seminars highlight fundamental concepts of probability and ways of thinking that are useful to medical students, and are meant for selective use by teachers of statistics in preparing their courses." The three substantive parts concern statistical principles and methods; health statistics, including demography and vital statistics; and statistics in medicine. Topics covered include the use of censuses and birth and death registers as sources of health data, mortality measurement, and population dynamics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20014 Pacione, Michael. Population geography: progress and prospect. Croom Helm Progress in Geography Series, ISBN 0-7099-4045-9. LC 86-6210. 1986. 322 pp. Croom Helm: Dover, New Hampshire/London, England. In Eng.
"This collection of original essays is designed to encapsulate the major themes and recent developments in a number of areas of central importance in population geography. The volume is a direct response to the need for a text which reviews the progress and current state of the subject and which provides a reference point for future developments in population geography." Topics covered include theory and methodology, the British and U.S. censuses, global fertility and mortality trends, population policies, international and internal migration, turnaround migration, intra-urban mobility, and population modeling.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20015 Universita di Roma. Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche (Rome, Italy). Demographic science and its teaching in Italy. IUSSP Papers, No. 28, 1985. 70 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
This report concerns a conference on the teaching of demography and the training of demographers in Italy, which was held in Rome, Italy, February 14-16, 1985, in honor of Nora Federici, the distinguished Italian demographer in her last year of university activity. The report first examines the development of demography and its relationship to other social sciences. Next, it presents the results of a survey on the teaching of demography and training of demographers in Italy. Consideration is also given to demography and the professions and to the dissemination of demographic information.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:20016 Wertheimer-Baletic, Alica. Demography: population and economic development. [Demografija: stanovnistvo i ekonomski razvitak.] Ekonomska Biblioteka, Vol. 16, No. 1-2-3, 1982. xi, 462 pp. Informator: Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
This is a general textbook on demography, with the emphasis on the relationship between demographic factors and socioeconomic development. Topics covered include demography as a scientific discipline, population theory from Malthus to Marx, historical aspects of population development, population movements (natural growth and migration), age and sex structure of populations, measuring economic and demographic development, the economic characteristics of population and socioeconomic development, and population and labor force policies. The focus is worldwide, with particular reference to Yugoslavia.
Location: New York Public Library.

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.