Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

53:10717 Anderson, Barbara A. The life course of Soviet women born 1905-1960. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 86-91, Feb 1986. 26 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Recent trends in the life course of Soviet women are analyzed using data from the Soviet Interview Project, which involved interviews with 2,792 emigrants from the USSR who arrived in the United States between 1979 and 1982. The life course approach involves such events as the completion of education, the beginning of paid employment, age at marriage, and the beginning of childbearing. The focus of the study is on differences among women born between 1905-1910 and in five-year intervals up to 1956-1960. Comparisons are made with the United States concerning the income of women relative to that of men; the results show that the gap between female and male incomes is not so wide in the USSR.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10718 Beaujot, Roderic P.; McQuillan, Kevin. The social effects of demographic change: Canada 1851-1981. Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d'Etudes Canadiennes, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring 1986. 57-69 pp. Peterborough, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The wide-ranging effects of the post-war baby boom on Canadian society have served to focus attention on the significance of demographic change. However, most of this attention has centred on relatively short-term fluctuations in demographic patterns while ignoring equally important long-term trends. In this paper we describe the transformation which has occurred in Canadian population patterns since the mid-nineteenth century and briefly consider some of the most important social and economic consequences of these trends. Some of the implications of a continuation of present trends for the future of Canadian society are also discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10719 Dooghe, G. Public opinion in Flanders concerning family policy measures. [Publieke opinie in Vlaanderen t.a.v. gezinspolitieke maatregelen.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Jul 1985. 71-82 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut.
The results of a survey on social change undertaken in 1980 among 1,765 people from the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium are reported. The focus was on the aspects of social change that seem most pressing to the individuals concerned. Aspects considered include the role of women at home and at work and women's preferences concerning the family.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10720 Gibson, Anne; Fast, Timothy. The women's atlas of the United States. ISBN 0-8160-1170-2. LC 86-675059. 1986. 248 pp. Facts on File: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
A series of 145 maps illustrating various aspects of women's lives in the United States is presented. A section of demographic maps is included, providing data on sex ratios, ethnic groups, age distribution, and rural and urban residence. Education, employment, the family, health, crime, and politics are also covered in separate sections. The section on health includes maps on abortion and contraception.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10721 Nelissen, J.; Vossen, A. Demographic trends and the social security system. [Demografische ontwikkelingen en het sociale zekerheidssysteem.] COSZ Publikaties, No. 9, ISBN 90-363-9521-6. Jun 1985. 270 pp. Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, Commissie Onderzoek Sociale Zekerheid: The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut.
Developments affecting the social security system in the Netherlands since 1945 are described. The focus is on how demographic trends have affected the cost of meeting the obligations of the system. The authors make recommendations concerning future research that involve the development of a model of households.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

53:10722 Choucri, Nazli. Demographics and conflict. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 42, No. 4, Apr 1986. 24-5 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The link between demographic factors and human conflict is examined. The main emphasis is on the effect of population growth on conflict. Consideration is given to both Malthusian and Marxist approaches to the analysis of such problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10723 Leroy, Marcel. Human population as a factor in strategic policy and action. In: Global resources and international conflict: environmental factors in strategic policy and action, edited by Arthur H. Westing. 1986. 159-82 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter examines population as a factor in strategic policy and action. Discussed first are the unproven assertions that have been made about the relationships between demographic factors and international relations. This is followed by an examination of the effect of demographic change on the international behaviour of states and of the strains, whether actual or perceived, that population growth brings to bear on the availability of natural resources."
A model is developed which links demographic factors with international politics, based on the relationship between population and natural resources. Also examined are "the demographic consequences of war, as compared to the effects of nonmilitary population catastrophes, and the likely role in the future of population in world politics. Finally, the impact of refugees and undocumented migrants is discussed, and some conclusions and recommendations are made."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

53:10724 Anderson, John E.; Morris, Leo; Abdel-Aziz, Abdallah. Jordan fertility and family health survey, 1983: report of principal findings. LC 86-178238. [1984?]. 120, 3, 19 pp. Department of Statistics: Amman, Jordan; U.S. Centers for Disease Control [CDC]: Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
The principal results of the 1983 Jordan Fertility and Family Health Survey are presented. "This report consists of eight sections and detailed tables. Section 1 presents the background and objectives of the survey and institutional framework. Section 2 describes the survey design and methodology. Section 3 presents the social and demographic characteristics of the survey population. Section 4 deals with the use of maternal and child health services, immunization status and morbidity, while section 5 is about infant and child mortality. Section 6 describes breastfeeding and section 7 discusses fertility levels and trends. Finally, child-spacing and family planning is described in section 8."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10725 Chutikul, Sirilaksana. Malnourished children: an economic approach to the causes and consequences in rural Thailand. Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 102, ISBN 0-86638-085-X. LC 86-32874. Dec 1986. vii, 64 pp. East-West Center, Population Institute: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This study undertakes an economic analysis of the causes and consequences of malnutrition among young children in a rural setting. Parents are viewed as productive agents who make interrelated decisions regarding their family size, labor force participation, expenditures, and intrahousehold distribution of resources in the face of constraints imposed by their resource limitations and a given 'production technology.'"
The author analyzes "data on preschool and school-age children obtained from a village-level survey in Northeastern Thailand and finds a familiar pattern of low income, high fertility, low nutrient intake and poor nutritional status and health. One finding, however--that mother's work in the formal labor market is detrimental to child nutrition--is unexpected and has important implications for policies designed to augment income through formal-sector job creation. The analysis also reveals that malnutrition and high fertility have adverse effects on the mental ability of the school-age children in the sample."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10726 Meegama, S. A.; Gaminiratne, K. H. W. Perinatal and neonatal mortality: some aspects of maternal and child health in Sri Lanka. Oct 1986. 32 pp. Department of Census and Statistics: Colombo, Sri Lanka; UNICEF: Colombo, Sri Lanka. In Eng.
This paper is the first in a series to be published by the Sri Lanka office of UNICEF in conjunction with its project to establish a system for monitoring the health status of children and women in the country. Following a discussion of the overall research project, attention is given to a longitudinal study that followed 3,375 pregnant women through childbearing in 1985 and 1986. Pregnancy outcomes, prenatal care, care during delivery, perinatal and neonatal mortality, and breast-feeding practices are considered. The emphasis is on the utilization of maternal health services.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10727 Miller, Barbara D. Health, fertility, and society in India: microstudies and macrostudies--a review article. Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 45, No. 5, Nov 1986. 1,027-36 pp. Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Several studies of health and population dynamics in India are reviewed. The perspectives of the various authors include anthropology, public health, demography, and economics. The review focuses on how the studies contribute to the understanding of two areas of inquiry: the major social factors leading to continued ill health and high rates of population growth in India, and the major social factors constraining the use of available health and population programs."
The author concludes "that, without simultaneous attention to social and gender inequality in relation to population and health, neither full understanding of their dynamics nor workable policies will eventuate."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10728 Molnar, Laszlo. Alternatives in the development of medical sociology. [Az orvosi szociologia fejlodesenek alternativai.] Demografia, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1986. 29-40 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The article offers a survey of the development of medical sociology, from the medicine- and illness-centric attitude to the sociology- and health-centric attitude." Focusing on the relevance for Hungary, the author discusses aspects of the sociology of health, which he views as a part of medical sociology. "The social components of the diseases of multicausal origin form the point of departure for the studies in the field of the sociology of health. [The] author attaches a special importance to the study of the community- and stratification background of the risk factors of behaviour." The need for further research in the field investigating socioeconomic factors influencing mortality is emphasized.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10729 Peceguini, Maria C.; Cabello, Pedro H. Some demographic aspects of a rural northeast Brazilian population. [Alguns aspectos demograficos de uma populacao rural do Nordeste brasileiro.] Ciencia e Cultura, Vol. 38, No. 5, May 1986. 776-82 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"A sample of 1,806 families from the Brazilian Northeastern region was analysed in order to study the effect of several socio-economical parameters upon the reproductive structure of this population." The data are from a hospital in Sao Paulo district and were collected in 1969-1970. The results show the low health status of the population as a whole, which in turn, has an influence on mortality. In particular, postnatal mortality rates are shown to increase from the south to the north of the region, in association with different levels of socioeconomic development.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

53:10730 Sai, Fred T. Family planning and maternal health care: a common goal. World Health Forum, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1986. 315-38 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author develops the theme that the reduction of maternal mortality and the development of effective family planning programs are mutually supporting objectives. "For family planning programmes to be as effective as possible in relation to maternal health they should exist within a context of other development programmes aimed at improving the quality of life for women. Family planning and maternal health care reinforce one another in the fight to reduce maternal mortality, and should go hand in hand." The geographic focus is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10731 Young, Mary E.; Prost, Andre. Child health in China. World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 767, ISBN 0-8213-0676-1. LC 85-26638. 1985. 111 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Recent data from Chinese sources concerning child morbidity and mortality are reviewed. The authors observe that the infant mortality rate is among the developing world's lowest. The impact of immunization efforts is noted. Consideration is given to the impact of the one-child policy, particularly on the maternal and child health care network.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

53:10732 Zulkifli, Siti N.; Yusof, Khairuddin. Population 70 million: a consideration of health aspects. Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 40, No. 2, Jun 1985. 62-79 pp. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In Eng.
The implications for the nation's health of the planned increase of Malaysia's population to 70 million by the year 2010 are examined. Comparisons with other countries are made to show that low mortality and high life expectancy are associated with low fertility and low population growth rates, high literacy rates, and high levels of GNP. The possible negative impacts of rapid population growth on social and regional inequalities and urbanization problems are noted.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

53:10733 Christiansen, Freddy B.; Feldman, Marcus W. Population genetics. ISBN 0-86542-307-5. LC 85-15811. 1986. ix, 196 pp. Blackwell Scientific Publications: Palo Alto, California/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This book intends to provide a basic introduction to population genetics and to convey the spirit of interplay between observation and theory-aided interpretation that has characterized its history. It can be used either as a text for a short course in population genetics or as a supplementary text for a course in general genetics or population biology." The presentation is oriented toward human population genetics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

53:10734 Hed, Helen M. E. Selection opportunities in seven Swedish 19th century populations. Human Biology, Vol. 58, No. 6, Dec 1986. 919-31 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"A cohort study of Crow's index of opportunity for selection (I) has been performed on material from seven sub groups of the Swedish population during the first half of the 19th century. In all seven cohorts the index component due to variance in fertility...is larger than the index component due to prereproductive mortality....On the basis of I, the population can be divided into three groups: with low, medium and high I."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10735 Leonard, Jacques. The origins and consequences of eugenics in France. [Les origines et les consequences de l'eugenique en France.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1985. 203-14 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Before Darwinism was introduced in France, the idea of medical and legal intervention in marriage and reproduction was already present. Galtonian eugenics was very popular in restricted circles. French eugenicists, original in their neo-Lamarckism, were divided into several more or less realistic schools of thought. Some were neo-Malthusian, others populationist. The French Eugenics Society was founded in December 1912 and the Eugenics Review was published from 1913 to 1926. The public opinion campaigns they led proved insufficient for obtaining an eugenic legislation from the Third Republic, but their efforts were rewarded by a Vichy Law (16-12-1942) which was maintained by the post-War government."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10736 Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N.; Lasker, G. W.; Boyce, A. J. Repetition of the same surnames in different marriages as an indication of the structure of the population of Sanday Island, Orkney Islands. Human Biology, Vol. 59, No. 1, Feb 1987. 97-102 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"RP (Repeated Pairs), a measure of actual or total frequency of repetitions of surnames in different married couples, and RPr, an estimate of the random or expected component of RP, have been calculated for marriages registered on the Island of Sanday [Scotland] in 1855-1965 inclusive. RP is higher for residents (at time of marriage) within a single parish than for the residents of the island of Sanday as a whole and higher when both are residents than when one or both partners are non-residents of the island. The values of RP tend to be higher than of RPr (the random component) in a majority of tests. Differences and variations within this study are small compared with the range in RP seen for other populations (e.g. between an isolate on a Caribbean island and an urban area in England). At least in relative terms an element of the genetic structure is apparently evident through this measure of lineage preferences in marriages."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10737 Relethford, John H. Density-dependent migration and human population structure in historical Massachusetts. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 69, No. 3, Mar 1986. 377-88 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The extent to which migration and genetic variation is affected by population size is examined using data on historical populations in Massachusetts. The data are from 4,859 marriage records for the period 1741 to 1849. The results indicate that migration is more frequent among the smallest and the largest populations and less frequent among medium-sized populations. Reasons for this finding are given, and their genetic significance is assessed.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

53:10738 Sokal, R. R.; Winkler, E.-M. Spatial variation among Kenyan tribes and subtribes. Human Biology, Vol. 59, No. 1, Feb 1987. 147-64 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"Fifteen Kenyan tribes, Nilotic as well as Bantu speakers, were measured for 24 anthropometric variables. For one tribe, the Abaluyia, 8 subtribes were studied as well. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was applied to the geographic variation patterns of the variables. There are at least two or three significant and different spatial patterns in these data. The combination of different patterns and differing correlograms indicates considerable migration from different sources and in different directions, since it is improbable that selection has imposed patterns on these relatively recently arrived populations. Application of the multiple Mantel statistics showed that phenetic differentiation is affected approximately equally by geographic and linguistic factors but that these forces affected the anthropometric variables differentially."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.