Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and economic aspects. Relations affecting a single demographic variable and economic factors are coded under the variable concerned and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1. Economic Development and Population

Studies concerned equally with economic and social development. Most studies on the microeconomics of the family will be found in G.2. Family and Household and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population

Studies on economic and social development with a worldwide emphasis, together with those with no geographical emphasis.

53:10675 Alachkar, Ahmad; Eberstein, Isaac W. Income, fertility, and economic development. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 87-38, [1987?]. 21, [4] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"The present research uses available data for 126 nations, circa 1983, to examine the cross-sectional relationship between national income and fertility. Initially, interest is in assessing the extent of variability in this relationship among societies at different stages of economic development. Second, this relationship is decomposed into its direct and indirect parts through the use of a plausible recursive model containing school enrollment and infant mortality as sequentially intervening variables." The results show that both the cross-sectional relationship between national income and fertility and the impact of the two intervening variables chosen vary widely by stage of economic development reached. The authors suggest that "the variability in the relationships is relevant both to traditional views of demographic transition and to alternative approaches based on the differentiation of nations within a larger world economy, as well as to the implementation of social programs in the context of fertility reduction strategies."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10676 Alonso, William. Population and regional development. Center for Population Studies Discussion Paper, No. 87-4, Feb 1987. 18 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author studies the influence of population factors on regional development. He focuses on the impact of labor on regional policy and identifies three key aspects: non-homogeneity of populations, the nature of migration, and the quality of populations. Along with demographic dynamics, he considers "the internal differentiation of populations by age, by ethnicity, by sex, by attitude and education, and by any other ways which affect their capacity to contribute differentially to regional development." Current models and regional theory are discussed, and the need for further study of social aspects of regional development is emphasized.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10677 Tabah, Leon. Interrelationships between population and development. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 97-104 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper advances the thesis that the work of the [U.N.] Population Division demonstrates that it is possible to do scientific research in the field of population/development relationships which is free of ideological influence, even when that work is guided and supervised by a highly political parent body. A sharp contrast is made between the documentation prepared by the Secretariat, which adheres firmly to an objective evaluation of facts, and the discussions at conferences of governmental representatives, which generally have an ideological orientation." The research discussed covers socioeconomic aspects of the aging process; interrelationships among population, resources, the environment, and economic development; and the determinants and consequences of population trends.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10678 von Blanckenburg, P.; de Haen, H. Population development, agrarian structure, and rural space. [Bevolkerungsentwicklung, Agrarstruktur und landlicher Raum.] ISBN 3-7843-1220-9. 1986. 534 pp. Landwirtschaftsverlag: Munster-Hiltrup, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This publication contains papers presented at the twenty-sixth conference of the Gesellschaft fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues, held in Berlin on October 2-4, 1985. The conference focused on the relationships among population development, agrarian structure, and rural areas. The papers are divided into three main sections. The first deals with the population situation and its determining factors. Individual papers cover world population projections, theories of the relationship between population growth and economic development, the agricultural response to population growth, and rural-urban spatial distribution. The remaining two sections focus on population trends and rural areas in developed and developing countries, respectively. The problems of both declining and growing populations are examined, the socioeconomic and agricultural impact is discussed, and case studies are presented. Policy aspects are also considered.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10679 Yamaguchi, Mitoshi. Interrelationships between population and economic growth. Kobe University Economic Review, No. 31, 1985. 15-32 pp. Kobe, Japan. In Eng.
An attempt is made to review the literature concerning the relationship between population factors and economic growth. The paper is in three parts. The first part examines the effect of population growth on the economy, the second considers how the economy affects population growth, and the third considers the interrelationships between the two. The geographic focus is worldwide.
This is a translation of the Japanese article in Kokumin-Keizai Zasshi, No. 140, Nov 1979, pp. 78-100.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

K.1.2. Developing Countries

General studies on the relations between population factors and economic development in developing countries. Includes studies on dependency as they relate to developing countries.

53:10680 Alachkar, Ahmad; Sly, David F. The effect of children on the components of parental savings: the case of rural Syria. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 87-37, [1987?]. 13, [9] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"Two basic hypotheses relating the number of children in households to the income and expenditures of parents are tested. The first argues that as the number of children in households increases parental income increases; and the second, that as the number of children in households increases parental expenditures decrease. Employing tabular and partial correlation techniques we find support for both hypotheses." The data, collected in 1980, are for Syria and concern 300 rural households.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10681 Alba, Francisco; Potter, Joseph E. Population and development in Mexico: a synthesis of recent experience. [Poblacion y desarrollo en Mexico: una sintesis de la experiencia reciente.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1986. 7-37, 155 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
Changes in the relationship between population factors and the development process in Mexico from 1940 to the present are reviewed. The authors show how the development that occurred up to about 1970 both absorbed and encouraged rapid population growth. They then describe how the emergence of problems concerning this relationship led to the development of a population policy during the 1970s. "The paper then takes up the implementation of that policy and the determinants of the fertility decline that took place afterwards, and closes with a brief review of the implications that demographic considerations have for Mexico's future."
For a related study, published by the same authors in 1986, see 52:20623.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10682 Arias de Blois, Jorge. Population growth in Guatemala and its implications. [El crecimiento do la poblacion de Guatemala y sus implicaciones.] [1986?]. 80 pp. Asociacion pro-Bienestar de la Familia de Guatemala [APROFAM], Unidad de Educacion, Informacion y Adiestramiento, Programa de Poblacion y Desarrollo: Guatemala City, Guatemala. In Spa.
This study describes the growth of population in Guatemala and considers its implications. The author takes into account international migration trends as well as natural increase and presents four alternative population projections up to the year 2025. The bulk of the study is concerned with the implications of this growth, with separate attention given to age structure and the dependency burden; education and illiteracy; health, maternal and child health, and water supply and sanitation; housing; food supply; and employment.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10683 Audibert, Martine. The primary consequences of a large agricultural project (SEMRY II) on the demographic situation in its area of influence. [Les premieres consequences d'un grand projet agricole (SEMRY II) sur la situation demographique de son aire d'influence.] Revue Science et Technique: Serie Sciences Humaines/Science and Technology Review: Social Sciences Series, Vol. 3, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1985. 64-82 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This article describes to what extent a rice-growing development project, begun in 1979 in northern Cameroon, modified the demographic and migratory characteristics of the population within the zone of influence. A representative sample and a control group were followed from 1979 to 1981 using a multi-round survey technique. Data from the general population census (1976) were used to study the population's characteristics from 1976 to 1979."
The study population is linked to 1976 census data, and various demographic estimates for the population are produced. An examination of migration patterns in the area indicates that "the project had not yet succeeded in attracting the populations living in the more distant zones two years after its installation."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10684 Gonzalez, Alfonso. Latin America: recent trends in population, agriculture and food supply. Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies/ Revue Canadienne des Etudes Latino-Americaines et Caraibes, Vol. 10, No. 20, 1985. 3-13 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The relationship between population growth and agricultural development in Latin America during the past two decades is analyzed. Data are taken from various published sources. The author concludes that, in general, the growth in food supply has kept ahead of the growth in population, but certain areas have experienced a decline in levels of nutrition. Although cereal production has grown considerably, the production of other foods has suffered from competition from export crops.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10685 Maitra, Priyatosh. Population, technology and development: a critical analysis. ISBN 0-566-05205-9. 1986. ix, 224 pp. Gower: Brookfield, Vermont/Aldershot, England. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the relationship between population growth and technological change in the course of economic development. The author critically reviews the work of Malthus, Marx, and Boserup in the context of the current situation in which developing countries must cope with rapid population growth and the influx of technological change from the developed world. The experience of England during the industrial revolution and demographic transition is first discussed. The author then compares developments in other capitalist countries that imported technological change from England with the experience of Soviet Russia. Consideration is also given to the views of Ghandi and Mao on these relationships.
The author concludes that effective technological change occurs only when it evolves from traditional technology, and that this is a process that is "determined by population growth and level of social consciousness."
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10686 Mali. Direction Nationale de la Planification (Bamako, Mali). A guide to the identification of those population problems and demographic factors that need to be integrated into the development programs of the Republic of Mali. [Guide d'identification des problemes de population et des variables demographiques a integrer dans les plans et les programmes de developpement de la Republique du Mali.] May 1984. 50 pp. Bamako, Mali. In Fre.
This report, prepared for the government of Mali by the UNFPA in conjunction with the International Labour Office, is designed to identify the demographic factors that need to be taken into account in the development planning process. Separate consideration is given to population density, age and sex distribution, fertility, mortality, migration, economic activity, literacy and education, population growth and future prospects, the impact of population growth on government expenditures, and the improvement of the status of women.
Location: Population Council Library, New York, N.Y.

53:10687 Milone, Paulo C. Population, migration, and economic development: evidence from the Brazilian case. [Populacao, migracao e desenvolvimento economico: evidencias do caso brasileiro.] Serie Relatorios de Pesquisa, No. 34, 1986. 150 pp. Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Pesquisas Economicas: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
The relationships among population factors, migration, and economic development in Brazil are explored. Some theoretical aspects concerning these relationships are first reviewed, and the use of models to analyze these relationships and to project future trends is introduced. Two alternative econometric models are then applied to data for Brazil for the periods 1950-1980 and 1981-1990.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10688 Moura, Helio A. Recent demographic trends in the Northeast: their determinants and consequences. [A recente dinamica demografica do Nordeste: seus determinantes e implicacoes.] Revista Economica do Nordeste, Vol. 16, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1985. 155-81 pp. Fortaleza, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
Recent demographic trends in the northeast region of Brazil are analyzed, with particular reference to the region's socioeconomic development. The author focuses on the need to develop an effective employment policy, as well as the need to reduce mortality levels. The emphasis is on socioeconomic development planning.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10689 Narayana, D. L. Population growth and economic growth. Indian Economic Journal, Vol. 32, No. 2, Oct-Dec 1984. 1-40 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The issues arising from the impact of population growth on the prospects for socioeconomic development in developing countries are reviewed. The author begins by describing Malthusian and neo-Malthusian approaches to this topic, with particular emphasis on the 1972 Club of Rome limits to growth study. The conclusion reached is that the world's resources are, to all intents and purposes, unlimited, but that population control is a necessary adjunct of efforts to exploit them.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10690 Pandit, Manohar; Choubey, Shailesh. Determinants of differential demographic behaviour of the states in India: a cross-sectional analysis of the rural sector. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 33, No. 1, Sep 1986. 30-7 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The authors use a cross-sectional analysis of the rural population of various states of India to examine differential demographic behavior. The data are from the 1981 census and other published sources. The demographic variables considered are crude birth rate (CBR), crude death rate (CDR), infant mortality rate (IMR), mean age at marriage, and total fertility rate. Among the socioeconomic factors considered are literacy, per capita income, school enrollment, poverty ratio, the ratio of agricultural to nonagricultural workers, and a composite index of rural development
"On the basis of coefficients of correlation a significant relationship was found between the level of rural development and almost all the demographic variables except the total fertility rate (TFR)....Mean age at marriage was positively correlated and that too quite significantly, whereas the other demographic variables were negatively correlated....[A] pronounced negative relationship was found between general literacy and CBR, CDR and IMR. A highly positive relationship was evident between the general literacy rate and the mean age at marriage. In particular, the enrollment of girls in school (11-14 age-group) seemed to be most influential in shaping demographic behaviour in rural areas...."
Location: Population Council Library, New York, N.Y.

53:10691 Ramachandran, Janani. Population growth and distribution versus agricultural change: an analysis of the Warli tribal community in Dahanu and Talaseri Talukas of Thane district (Maharashtra). Population Geography, Vol. 6, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1984. 39-52 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The authors examine the relationship between population growth and agricultural change using a village-level study of the Warli tribal community in Maharashtra, India. "This paper tries to highlight the relationship that exists between the two factors and the relative changes in the structural character of the two factors. It also focuses on the complications brought about by the juxtaposition of a market economy of the nontribals on the subsistence peasant agriculture of the Warli tribals. Methodology is empirical. Suitable statistical aids have been used on available census material [for the years 1901-1971], substantiated with fieldwork."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10692 Ray, B. Datta. The pattern and problems of population in north-east India. ISBN 81-85024-03-0. 1986. xv, 433 pp. Uppal Publishing House: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This volume is a product of a seminar Pattern and Problems of Population in North-East India: A Multidimensional Study, held in Shillong, India, December 7-8, 1984. It contains 30 papers by various authors on aspects of the relationship between population factors and socioeconomic development in the region and its implication for development planning. The emphasis is on the need for manpower planning, with particular attention to the problems posed by low population density, rapid rates of population growth, and uneven spatial distribution.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10693 Robinson, Warren C.; Yamazaki, Fumiko. Agriculture, population, and economic planning in Ethiopia, 1953-1980. Journal of Developing Areas, Vol. 20, No. 3, Apr 1986. 327-38 pp. Macomb, Illinois. In Eng.
Economic development in Ethiopia from 1953 to 1980 is analyzed, with particular reference to governmental efforts at agricultural planning. The authors conclude that the dominant forces governing the period were accelerated population growth and the declining availability of arable land, which, combined with the failure of governmental efforts at agricultural planning, led to catastrophe. The changes implemented by the present government, although not primarily responsible for the present problems, seem to have had adverse effects and to have decreased both agricultural productivity and yields.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10694 Singh, Harbans. A perspective on population growth in India. Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1982. 54-66 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author studies population growth in India and its relationship to urbanization, employment, food production, the environment, and the quality of human life. Using official and other published sources, he presents population projections and data on food production. An assessment of India's progress is made using World Bank guidelines for human development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10695 South Africa. President's Council. Science Committee (Cape Town, South Africa). Report of the Science Committee of the President's Council on demographic trends in South Africa. ISBN 0-621-07657-0. LC 85-191612. [1983]. 239 pp. Cape Town, South Africa. In Eng.
This report sets out to examine "the extent to and ways in which the economic and social development, the quality of life and the productivity of the population of the Republic of South Africa, are significantly being harmed by the population growth and population structure, now and in the future; [and] the attainable population levels and trends which would be the most advantageous for the economic and social development of the population and its potential...." Consideration is also given to the ways and means to achieve such population targets. A historical review of global and South African population trends is first presented, followed by a review of factors affecting population growth and some projections. Chapters are also included on the effect of population growth on natural resources, the economy, and education. The outline of a national population program is then presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10696 Yinger, Nancy V. Women's economic contribution, relative income and fertility decision-making in Malaysia. Pub. Order No. DA8510450. 1985. 183 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The impact of women's relative economic contribution to the household on the fertility decision-making process in Malaysia is analyzed using data from the Malaysian Family Life Survey of 1976-1977. "Two multiple regression techniques were used: logistic regression and two-least squares where wife's and husband's desires for additional children were assumed to be simultaneously determined."
The results indicate that women who contribute relatively more to the household are more likely to want more children, while their husbands are less likely. Although relative income is not significant, differences among ethnic groups persist, with Malay husbands and wives seeing more economic benefits from large families than do other groups.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Johns Hopkins University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(3).

53:10697 Zimbabwe. Central Statistical Office (Harare, Zimbabwe). Population factors and development: Zimbabwe. Jun 1985. ii, 104 pp. Harare, Zimbabwe. In Eng.
The relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development efforts in Zimbabwe is examined using data from official sources including a 10 percent sample from the 1982 census, and from international sources. The country's national development goals are first outlined. Next, current demographic trends are described. The report then analyzes the relationships among demographic factors and such factors as urban growth and housing, education, health, agricultural development, wood resources, gross domestic product, employment, and labor force and child dependency. The effects of development on fertility are also considered. The report, which is one of a series sponsored under the Resources for the Awareness of Population Impacts on Development (RAPID) program, concludes by summarizing the potential negative impact of rapid population growth in several areas.
Location: Population Council Library, New York, N.Y.

K.1.3. Developed Countries

Studies on the relations between population and economic factors as they affect the developed world. Also includes studies on the economic effects of a stationary or declining population, the effects of aging on the economy, retirement, and problems of economic dependency in developed countries.

53:10698 Day, Richard H.; Kim, Kyoo-Hong; Macunovich, Diane. Demoeconomic dynamics: a classical analysis. MRG Working Paper, No. M8646, Dec 1986. 29 pp. University of Southern California, Department of Economics, Modelling Research Group: Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
"Using a purely theoretical analysis we show how long run demoeconomic behavior depends on household preferences, productivity and the cost of childrearing. In particular a dominant trend in growth can be interspersed with periods of fluctuation as slowly moving changes in productivity, preference and child care costs push nonlinearities past crucial bifurcation points. Moreover, under 'robust conditions' nonperiodic, essentially unpredictable demoeconomic behavior can occur, thus suggesting a possible explanation for persistent and substantial errors in population forecasts."
The geographic focus is on developed countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10699 Madden, Moss. Demographic-economic analysis in a multi-zonal region: a case study of Nordrhein-Westfalen. Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 15, No. 4, Nov 1985. 517-40 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper develops a series of spatially-disaggregated demographic-economic models, based on an extended Leontief type input-output model. Travel between residence and place of work and residence and place of shopping is included in the models, and a detailed decomposition of a range of multipliers identified. A model explicitly involving travel to work is developed empirically for the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen in West Germany, and sets of multipliers presented which relate changes in demographic and economic variables in particular zones of the state with changes in economic output and employment-related variables in other zones."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

K.2. Population Growth and Natural Resources

Studies on the environment, quality of life, conservation, food production, etc., and their interrelations with population factors.

53:10700 Daly, Herman E. Toward a new economic model. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 42, No. 4, Apr 1986. 42-4 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The relationship between population growth and economic development is examined from the viewpoint of steady-state economics. This approach "seeks the answer to the question of economic growth in terms of a scale of activity that is ecologically sustainable over the long term at a level sufficient to provide a good life for whatever population size can be accommodated under those conditions."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10701 Fricke, Thomas E. Himalayan households: Tamang demography and domestic processes. Studies in Cultural Anthropology, No. 11, ISBN 0-8357-1739-9. LC 86-889. 1986. xiv, 227 pp. UMI Research Press: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This is a study of the demographic and household processes that characterize an agro-pastoral people, the Tamang, living in north central Nepal. It is based on fieldwork undertaken in 1981 and 1982 and uses a combination of anthropological and demographic methodologies. The author's main theme is that the community studied is on the brink of a radical transformation causes primarily by the inability of the local environment to support the population's subsistence needs. The most important cause of this situation is identified as population growth, which is in turn a function of how the local economy is organized. The author examines the adaptive strategies employed by the community and how they intersect with demographic and household processes. Three major processes are considered: the annual subsistence cycle, demographic processes of fertility and population expansion, and the household developmental cycle.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation

Studies of employment and labor force statistics that are of demographic relevance. Includes studies of the labor force (employment status, occupation, and industry) and of the relations among employment, labor force participation, and population factors. Studies on the effect of female labor force participation on fertility are coded under F.1. General Fertility and cross-referenced here.

53:10702 Balicki, Andrzej. Cohort analysis in labor turnover research. [Analiza kohortowa w badaniu plynnosci kadr.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 2/84, 1986. 59-68 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The use of cohort analysis to study labor force turnover is considered. The author describes the successful rise of such methods to analyze labor turnover in the United Kingdom and ways in which the methods could be employed to study the same phenomenon in Poland.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10703 Bernhardt, Eva M. Continued home attachment versus transition to employment: an intensity regression analysis of Swedish one-child mothers. Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, No. 33, ISBN 91-7820-020-2. Jan 1987. ii, 48 pp. University of Stockholm, Section of Demography: Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes the simultaneous influence of background factors such as educational level and civil status on the subsequent work life transitions among women who remained at home one year after first birth. The analysis is limited to non-pregnant one-child mothers, whose child is less than 5 years old." The data are from the Swedish Fertility Survey of 1981 and are for 4,300 women aged 20-44 years.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10704 Colombia. Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social. Direccion General del Servicio Nacional de Empleo [SENALDE] (Bogota, Colombia); International Labour Office [ILO] (Geneva, Switzerland); United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Demographic transition and labor supply in Colombia. [Transicion demografica y oferta de fuerza de trabajo en Colombia.] Coleccion Biblioteca SENALDE, Vol. 3 and 4, ISBN 958-95096-0-6. 1986. 388; 286 pp. Bogota, Colombia. In Spa.
This two-volume report is concerned with the relationship between the demographic transition and labor supply in Colombia. The demographic transition that has occurred in the country is first outlined. The demographic characteristics of the labor force in Colombia as a whole and selected regions are then described, with emphasis on the period 1973-1984. Vol. 2 first examines migrations affecting frontier regions, regions experiencing political violence, and regions of seasonal employment. Chapters are included on the concept and measurement of the informal sector of the economy, the availability of human resources, and labor legislation and its impact on employment. Details of policy recommendations presented at a seminar held in Bogota in June 1985 are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10705 Denton, Frank T.; Feaver, Christine H.; Spencer, Byron G. Prospective aging of the population and its implications for the labour force and government expenditures. QSEP Research Report, No. 152, Dec 1985. 38 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
The impact on the labor force of prospective changes in the age distribution of the population of Canada is explored. The history of population and labor force change in Canada and the province of Ontario is first reviewed. Projections to the year 2030 are then presented. The authors conclude by considering the implications of these demographic changes for government expenditure patterns.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10706 Fontaine, Francois. Regional population estimates based on employment and unemployment: the example of the Nord--Pas-de-Calais. [Estimer la population d'une region a partir de l'emploi et du chomage: l'exemple du Nord--Pas-de-Calais.] Economie et Statistique, No. 193-194, Nov-Dec 1986. 111-20, 147, 151 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The relationships among unemployment, the availability of manpower, and migration at the regional level in France are explored using the example of the departments of the Nord and Pas-de-Calais. The author demonstrates how regional population projections take into account projections concerning future developments in the male labor market. The author concludes that the outlook for the period 1984-1990 for this region is pessimistic; however the impact of the labor market situation will tend to increase out-migration rather than raise existing high levels of unemployment.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10707 Hancock, Paula. The effect of welfare eligibility on the labor force participation of women of Mexican origin in California. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1986. 163-85 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The relationship between AFDC, Food Stamp, and Medi-Cal Program eligibility, on the one hand, and labor force participation, on the other, was analyzed by comparing the labor force participation rates of women of Mexican origin who were 'fully eligible' for these programs with those of 'less eligible' women. Marital status, husband's income, and legal residence in the United States were used to define levels of program eligibility for this sample. The effects of education, English fluency, age, the number and ages of children, and the number of other adults in the household (excluding the mother and spouse) were controlled in logistic regression procedures."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10708 Key, M. J. R.; Siegers, J. J. The impact of age and marital status on the labor force participation of women, 1960-1981. [De invloed van leeftijd en burgerlijke staat op de arbeidsmarktparticipatie door vrouwen, 1960-1981.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, Jul 1985. 25-39 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The authors note that the female labor force in the Netherlands increased by 34 percent between 1960 and 1971 and by 51 percent between 1971 and 1981. The impact of changes in the age and marital status distribution of the female population on these statistics is examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10709 Kim, Chang-Nam. Industrial sector labor absorption and migration in Asian countries. Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 24, No. 1, Jun 1986. 53-64 pp. Kyoto, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of labor absorption by industrial sector of five Asian countries and to analyze the impact of labor absorption on the intersectoral mobility of labor. The countries considered are the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10710 Kim, Hye-Ryun. Labor force life tables: an analysis of the Korean female labor force. Journal of Population and Health Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1, Jul 1986. 41-56 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Kor. with sum. in Eng.
"This study attempts to analyze the quantitative aspects of the female labour force in [the Republic of] Korea, 1970 and 1980, by constructing a series of labour force life tables which are useful in studying the process of the growth and structural change of the labour force." Data are primarily taken from the census. Factors affecting women's entry into and exit from the labor force are analyzed, including fertility, age of children, and marital status.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10711 Newell, Marie-Louise; Joshi, Heather. The next job after the first baby: occupational transition among women born in 1946. CPS Research Paper, No. 86-3, ISBN 0-902657-17-8. Dec 1986. 68 pp. University of London, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Centre for Population Studies: London, England. In Eng.
An analysis of the employment histories of women with children in the United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s is presented. The data are from the Medical Research Council's National Survey of Health and Development and concern a cohort of women born in 1946. The focus is on the first paid work these women undertook after becoming mothers and the extent to which this job involved a change in occupation from the job held before the first birth. Issues considered include causes of the low economic status of many women's jobs; the utilization of available human resources; the labor market consequences of fertility; the opportunity costs of fertility; and the effect on fertility decisions of employment prospects.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10712 O'Connell, Martin; Bloom, David E. Cutting the apron strings: women in the labor force in the 1980's. Center for Population Studies Discussion Paper, No. 87-1, Feb 1987. 32, [13] pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The authors examine the role of U.S. women in the labor force in recent decades, with a focus on working women and day care for their children in the 1980s. "Following a review of structural changes in the economy and accompanying demographic trends leading to the changing role of women in the labor force, we will examine how famlies today are caring for their children while the mother is at work, and the extent to which employers and state, local, and federal governments currently address these concerns. A concluding section will speculate on the way in which current demographic trends relating to delayed childbearing, marital instability, and declining family size will affect the labor force participation of women with children. We will also examine the ability of public and private employers to handle the potential demands placed upon them by women with young children." Data are primarily from the June 1982 Current Population Survey.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10713 O'Connell, Martin; Bloom, David E. Juggling jobs and babies: America's child care challenge. Population Trends and Public Policy, No. 12, Feb 1987. 16 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Recent trends in labor force participation among young U.S. women are reviewed, with primary consideration given to ways in which they juggle job and family responsibilities. The authors identify the provision of adequate and affordable child care facilities as the major factor affecting employment, particularly among poorly educated and low income women.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10714 Pauwels, K.; de Wachter, M.; Deschamps, L.; van Dongen, W. Labor force participation by young women with a family. A lasting commitment. [Beroepsarbeid van jonge vrouwen met een gezin. Een duurzaam engagement.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 3, Dec 1984. 237-48 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Labor force participation in Belgium among young married women with a family is examined using data from the 1982-1983 NEGO IV fertility survey. The results indicate a trend away from the U-shaped labor force participation pattern in which women left the labor force to have children and only returned when the youngest child reached school age.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10715 Presser, Harriet B. Work shifts of full-time dual-earner couples: patterns and contrasts by sex of spouse. Demography, Vol. 24, No. 1, Feb 1987. 99-112 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Work shifts of full-time dual-earner couples are analyzed with data from the May 1980 U.S. Current Population Survey. Over 20 percent of husbands and about 12 percent of wives work other than a regular day shift. Variations in shift work status by sex of spouse are examined according to job, race, and life-cycle characteristics. A multivariate analysis indicates that a different composite of factors affects the shift work status of husbands and wives. Given the wide variation in the prevalence of non-day employment within major groups and the sex segregation of the labor force, we look at detailed occupations and industries to the extent possible."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1985 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 51, No. 3, Fall 1985, p. 415).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10716 Rendon, Teresa; Salas, Carlos. The economically active population in the 1980 census. Critical commentaries and a proposal for adjustment. [La poblacion economicamente activa en el censo de 1980. Comentarios criticos y una propuesta de ajuste.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 1, No. 2, May-Aug 1986. 291-309 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The authors first discuss inconsistencies in census data concerning the economically active population of Mexico, especially in the 1980 census. They then give their reasons for believing that correction of these inconsistencies is necessary. Finally, they present their proposals for adjusting the census data to rectify these inconsistencies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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