Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

53:10618 Baszanowski, Jan. Gdansk's precursor of demography: Michal Krzysztof Hanow, 1695-1773. [Gdanski prekursor demografii: Michal Krzysztof Hanow, 1695-1773.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, Vol. 16, 1985. 7-24 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The work of the eighteenth-century Polish scholar Michal Krzysztof Hanow is described, with emphasis on his studies in demography. The focus of his work was on the demography of the city of Gdansk.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10619 Bielke, Edgar. Friedrichswerder from 1720 to 1799: a historical demographic study as a contribution to the social history of the eighteenth century. [Friedrichswerder 1720 bis 1799: eine historisch-demographische Untersuchung als Beitrag zur Sozialgeschichte des 18. Jahrhunderts.] In: Berlin-Forschungen, I, edited by Wolfgang Ribbe. Einzelveroffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission zu Berlin, Vol. 54, ISBN 3-7678-0681-9. 1986. 135-95 pp. Colloquium: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
A historical demographic micro-study of the Berlin parish of Friedrichswerder is presented for the years 1720-1799. The data are from parish registers covering 14,601 births and 11,483 deaths. Topics examined include occupational distribution; poverty; mortality and causes of death, including yearly, monthly, age-specific, and sex-specific patterns; natality; and the phenomenon of increasing illegitimacy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10620 Davis, David E. Regulation of human population in northern France and adjacent lands in the Middle Ages. Human Ecology, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jun 1986. 245-67 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In northern France and Europe the population trebled after 1000 and then ceased to increase about 1300, before the Black Death caused an abrupt decline. The birthrate, as indicated by number of surviving children, increased and then declined. Death rates increased after 1250 and, of course, during the Black Death. Migration...was high after 1100 but ceased by about 1250. The evidence about resources, disease, and internecine strife is compatible with this scenario which can be predicted based on other animal populations."
Authors's address: 777 Picacho Lane, Santa Barbara, CA 93108.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10621 Davis, Kingsley. The history of birth and death. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 42, No. 4, Apr 1986. 20-3 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The demographic history of humanity is reviewed. The author concludes that over the course of human evolution, zero population growth was the norm rather than the exception. The reasons for this are examined in an effort to throw light on the causes of the modern population explosion.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10622 Gawrysiakowa, Janina. Registration of natural increase in the Jewish population of the Lublin region in the nineteenth century. [Rejestracja ruchu naturalnego ludnosci zydowskiej w Lubelskiem w XIX w.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, Vol. 16, 1985. 75-107 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
The dynamics of the Jewish population of Poland's Lublin region during the nineteenth century are analyzed using data from registers of marital status. These registers were begun by the occupying powers following the final partition of 1795 and have been preserved almost completely for the city of Lublin and 12 smaller towns of the region. Consideration is given to the quality of the available data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10623 Imhof, Arthur E. Life-course patterns of women and their husbands: 16th to 20th century. In: Human development and the life course: multidisciplinary perspectives, edited by Aage B. Sorensen, Franz E. Weinert, and Lonnie R. Sherrod. ISBN 0-89859-664-5. LC 85-4524. 1986. 247-70 pp. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Hillsdale, New Jersey. In Eng.
Changes in the life course of men and women from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries are examined using data from parish registers, funeral orations, and official statistics for Germany. Consideration is given to changes in life expectancy; the heterogeneity of life courses in history according to religion, region, and social class; marriage patterns; and the family life cycle.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10624 May, Glenn A. 150,000 missing Filipinos: a demographic crisis in Batangas, 1887-1903. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1985. 215-43 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
An apparent demographic crisis that occurred in Batangas, the Philippines, between 1887 and 1903 is examined. The study involves an evaluation of the available data sources, including parish records and the census of 1903. The author concludes that both sources are seriously flawed, but that the observed decline in population was probably due to the occurrence of major epidemics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10625 Negruti, Ecaterina. The Moldavian villages in the first half of the nineteenth century: demographic contributions. [Satul Moldovenesc in prima jumatate a secolului al XIX-lea: contributii demografice.] LC 85-134740. 1984. 147 pp. Universitatea Al. I. Cuza: Iasi, Romania. In Rum. with sum. in Fre.
Demographic trends in the Romanian province of Moldavia in the first half of the nineteenth century are examined. The data are from both financial records and parish registers. Consideration is given to rural and urban population trends, rural settlements and their composition, and the demographic transition and its social and economic impact on rural villages. The characteristics of the rural population are described, including sex distribution, marital status, family size, social class, ethnic groups, and age distribution. The natural increase of the rural population and its components are analyzed.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10626 Ribbe, Wolfgang. Berlin research, Vol. 1. [Berlin-Forschungen, I.] Einzelveroffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission zu Berlin, Vol. 54, ISBN 3-7678-0681-9. 1986. 332 pp. Colloquium: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book is a collection of eight papers by various authors. The focus is on the social history of Berlin, primarily from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century. Five of the papers deal with demographic topics.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10627 Schapiro, Morton O. Filling up America: an economic-demographic model of population growth and distribution in the nineteenth-century United States. Industrial Development and the Social Fabric, Vol. 8, ISBN 0-89232-675-1. LC 86-2771. 1986. xiii, 149 pp. Jai Press: Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
This study is an attempt to apply economic modeling techniques to the examination of some of the causes and consequences of population growth and distribution in the historical United States. "By using partial equilibrium analysis, fertility and migration are examined separately in an attempt to evaluate the impact of changes in economic factors--in particular, changes in the availability of farmland--in explaining cross-section and time-series movements in birth rates and in gross migration."
Furthermore, the fertility and mortality models are combined to produce a general dynamic model. "The structure of this model allows for an analysis of the settlement of the United States in which population growth and distribution affect the economic environment and initiate a demographic response which, in turn, dictates the course of further population growth. The model is used to evaluate empirically [various hypotheses concerning the causes and consequences of population growth and distribution] and to provide insight into those factors which played important roles in determining the course of U.S. demographic history."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:10628 Slack, Paul. The impact of plague in Tudor and Stuart England. ISBN 0-7102-0469-8. LC 84-27574. 1985. xvi, 443 pp. Routledge and Kegan Paul: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of the plague in England from 1500 to around 1670. During this period, the plague caused mortality crises in about 18 percent of the parishes of England every 10 years or so. The impact of the plague is investigated in selected rural and urban areas as well as in the capital, London. In addition to considering the demographic and economic consequences of the plague at the macro level, the author examines its impact on the family and household. The final part reviews the social response to the plague, focusing on the public health measures developed and their effectiveness.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:10629 Vidal i Bendito, Tomas. The role of Barcelona in the Catalan demographic transition (1857-1920). [El papel de Barcelona en la transicion demografica catalana (1857-1920).] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 46, No. 178-179, Feb-May 1985. 189-210 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The role played by the city of Barcelona in the demographic transition of the Catalan region of Spain is analyzed. The author notes that the city attracted a high proportion of the region's younger population, whose fertility and life expectancy was reduced in the urban environment. The change in the age distribution of the population caused by this process at the turn of the century is noted.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

53:10630 Gehrmann, Rolf. Goals and methods of the historical demographic evaluation of Berlin-Brandenburg parish register material. The example of St. Nikolai (Spandau). [Zielsetzungen und Methoden bei der historisch-demographischen Auswertung von Berlin-Brandenburgischem Kirchenbuchmaterial. Das Beispiel St. Nikolai (Spandau).] In: Berlin-Forschungen, I, edited by Wolfgang Ribbe. Einzelveroffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission zu Berlin, Vol. 54, ISBN 3-7678-0681-9. 1986. 265-95 pp. Colloquium: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The methodology used in carrying out a family reconstitution study for the district of Spandau, now in West Berlin, is described. The data are from parish registers, primarily for the period 1720-1870. Selected results concerning fertility, mortality, infant mortality, and social structure are also presented; and comparisons are made with data for Berlin as a whole.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10631 Leboutte, Rene; Alter, George; Gutmann, Myron. Analysis of reconstituted families: a package of SAS programs. Historical Methods, Vol. 20, No. 1, Winter 1987. 29-34 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors describe computer programs that deal with the statistical analysis of family reconstitution data. They "have used a general statistical package, Statistical Analysis System (SAS), which is widely available. It has been possible to produce all the standard tables used in the classic monographs in historical demography and to retain the flexibility and power of a general statistical package....The SAS programs presented here were developed in 1983 at the University of Texas at Austin and were tested and employed at the University of Liege (Belgium). The programs were applied to more than 3,600 reconstituted families from nineteenth-century Eastern Belgium with great success."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10632 Roman, Louis. Fiscal and demographic statistics, or false appearances (the Romanian territories and other European regions in the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries). [Statistiques fiscales et statistiques demographiques, ou les fausses apparences (les Pays Roumains et autres regions europeennes aux XVe-XIXe siecles).] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1985. 245-80 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Available data sources concerning the historical demography of the territories that constitute present-day Romania are evaluated. The focus is on available fiscal data for the period from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries. The author also examines the problems associated with the study of historical population trends among other European populations and proposes a method for identifying inadequacies in the available statistical data and for resolving the subsequent problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.