Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

53:10505 Arango, Joaquin. The migration laws of E. G. Ravenstein, 100 years after. [Las "leyes de las migraciones" de E. G. Ravenstein, cien anos despues.] Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas, No. 32, Oct-Dec 1985. 7-26 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author examines how the laws concerning migration proposed by Ravenstein in 1885 have withstood the events of the past 100 years. He concludes that they have survived the test of time and still provide a useful tool for the analysis of migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10506 de Sans, Angels P. Spanish studies on migration. [Travaux espagnols sur les migrations.] Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 1984. 122-42 pp. London, England. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
A review of the literature in Spain devoted to migration topics is presented. The approach is interdisciplinary. Consideration is given to both internal and international migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10507 Jackson, John A. Migration. Aspects of Modern Sociology: Social Processes, ISBN 0-582-48052-3. LC 85-13098. 1986. 91 pp. Longman: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This textbook, designed for students at the undergraduate level, examines migration both as a product of rational, individual decisions and as a result of strong social determinants. Particular attention is given to labor market issues and to the role of the state in developing migrant policy. The geographic focus is on the United Kingdom.
"Examples are also drawn from France, Italy, Germany, Ireland, Australia and the USA to demonstrate the characteristics of internal and external migration, urbanization, the formation of ethnic communities, return migration, the problems of migrant identity and the extent to which migration is a universal dynamic of social change. The author concludes by taking an overall view of the impact of migration on the social structure and its challenge to the 'settled' communities."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

53:10508 Maffenini, Walter. Territorial mobility based on census data: the estimation of migratory flows. [Mobilita territoriale da dati di censimento: la stima dei flussi migratori.] Statistica, Vol. 46, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1986. 231-42 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The questions asked in many population censuses on place-of-residence at one or several fixed past dates allow the number of migrants during a specific period of time to be calculated. However, the questions asked in the censuses are retrospective, so that the migrants who died or emigrated abroad during the period considered are not included. There is no way of estimating the number of migrants who emigrated abroad; on the other hand, a simple method is available to estimate the number of migrants who died. In this paper this method of estimation is applied to data from the Italian censuses of 1971 and 1981."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10509 Meyer, Gunter. Labor emigration, internal migration, and economic development in the Arab Republic of Yemen. An economic and demographic-geographical study, with special consideration of the urban construction sector. [Arbeitsemigration, Binnenwanderung und Wirtschaftsentwicklung in der Arabischen Republik Jemen. Eine wirtschafts- und bevolkerungsgeographische Studie unter besonderer Berucksichtigung des stadtischen Bausektors.] Jemen-Studien, No. 2, ISBN 3-88226-292-3. 1986. xvii, 318 pp. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag: Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Labor emigration from Yemen is analyzed, with particular reference to its impact on the economy of the country and on patterns of internal migration. The first part of the book describes the development of labor emigration over time. The focus is on recent migrations to the oil-producing Arab countries, particularly Saudi Arabia, and the author estimates that about one-third of the total labor force was working in Saudi Arabia in 1980. The second part considers the impact of emigration on economic conditions in the Yemen, using the example of the urban building sector of the economy.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10510 Mitra, Samarendranath; Cerone, Pietro. Migration and stability. Genus, Vol. 42, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1986. 1-12 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"In this endeavor to incorporate net migration in a model of population growth, we have found that when net maternity rates are held constant, birth trajectories can be traced in several examples. We have basically experimented with (a) unchanging age-specific net migration rates and also with (b) constant number of net migrants with unchanging age composition. In most cases, the birth trajectory approaches an exponential pattern of growth with two interesting exceptions. When the intrinsic rate of growth is negative, the population approaches stationarity in the second example. Also a linear trend is found in the same example, when the net reproduction rate is equal to one."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10511 Molho, Ian. Theories of migration: a review. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1986. 396-419 pp. Harlow, England. In Eng.
A general review of the literature on migration theory is presented. Some basic concepts and themes in migration analysis are first described. Sections are included on early economic perspectives on migration analysis; the human capital approach; issues of rationality, information, and stress; random utility models and the treatment of the error term; the search theory perspective on migration; gravity models and the aggregation problem; basic properties of the gravity model; and search theory and the gravity model.
Sections also deal with heterogeneity and the process of search in migration decisions; temporal aspects of migration behavior; and migration, commuting, and the interaction between local labor and housing markets.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:10512 Morokvasic, Mirjana. Migrations in Europe: trends in research and sociological approaches: perspectives from the countries of origin and destination (1960-1983). [Tendances de recherche et approche sociologique des migrations en Europe: perspectives des pays de depart et des pays d'arrivee (1960-1983).] Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2 and 3, Summer and Winter 1984. 362 pp. London, England. In Eng; Fre.
This is a collection of articles concerned with sociological aspects of migration from Yugoslavia, Greece, Spain, Italy, and Portugal to other European countries, including France, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the United Kingdom. The articles, which are in English or French and are in two consecutive issues of this journal, deal with both internal and international migration and migration policy. An introduction by the editor is included in each issue.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10513 O Grada, Cormac. Determinants of Irish emigration: a note. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 650-6 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
Factors affecting migration in Ireland are analyzed using data from 271 young people living in a rural community in County Cavan. The data were collected in a 1965 survey and followed-up in 1968. The author applies logit analysis to identify the factors that most influenced people to leave such a community.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10514 Phizacklea, Annie. A sociology of migration or "race relations"? A view from Britain. Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 3, Winter 1984. 199-218 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Literature on migration in the United Kingdom during the past 20 years is reviewed. The author argues that there is no cohesive sociology of migration that can be identified. Instead, the literature has largely focused on the topic of race relations. Three perspectives on the study of migration are identified: "the political economy of racism, the sociology of ethnic relations and an eclectic body of literature...[defined] as a sociology of migration, though it is dominated by a structuralist perspective."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10515 Rella, Piera; Vadala, Titta. Sociological literature on migration in Italy. Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 1984. 143-74 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
A review of migration concerning Italy is presented, with consideration given to both international and internal migration. The authors identify two main trends in the literature. Up to the mid-1960s, the emphasis was on humanitarian aspects of migration, including the integration of immigrants; since the mid-1960s, the main interest has been in economic issues relating to migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10516 Servicio Social Internacional. Oficina Regional (Caracas, Venezuela). The migrant woman. Second Latin American seminar. [La mujer migrante. Segundo seminario latinoamericano.] ISBN 980-6077-07-5. 1986. 196 pp. Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of the second Latin American seminar on migrant women, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 9-12, 1985. The focus is on migration in Latin America. Papers are included on refugee women in general, as well as case studies on refugees in Venezuela and Mexico; migrant women and migrant women in the labor force in Venezuela; illegal migration; migrant women and education; Chilean migration to Argentina; migrant women in Ecuador; and migrant women in the country of origin.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10517 Stark, Oded; Taylor, J. Edward. Testing for relative deprivation: Mexican labour migration. Migration and Development Program Discussion Paper, No. 26, Dec 1986. 37 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Migration and Development Program: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper provides theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence that migration decisions are influenced by relative as well as absolute income considerations....Empirical findings for a sample of rural Mexican households show that, controlling for absolute income motives for migration, relatively deprived households are significantly more likely to engage in high-paying Mexico-to-U.S. migration but not in internal migration than households more favorably situated in their village's income distribution."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10518 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. People moving: the spatial mobility of populations. [Peuples en mouvement: la mobilite spatiale des populations.] Dossiers des Images Economiques du Monde, No. 9, ISBN 2-7181-4121-2. [1986?]. 319 pp. Societe d'Edition d'Enseignement Superieur: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general study on population migration. The various types of migration that can occur are first described. Next, the sources of data and methods of analysis are introduced. The following chapter examines the determinants of migration. Separate chapters are also included on internal migration in the developing countries and the developed countries and on international migration. The geographic focus is worldwide.
Location: New York Public Library.

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

53:10519 Ali, Abbas. Labor immigration in the Arab Gulf states: patterns, trends and problems. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/ Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 3, Sep 1986. 675-84 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This is an overview of recent labor immigration in Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Attention is given to factors contributing to the dependence of these countries on migrant labor, the impact of the decline in oil revenues, and future trends in the size and skill composition of the foreign labor supply.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10520 Bilderback, Loy. Migration. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 42, No. 4, Apr 1986. 33-7 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author argues that current high levels of international migration are primarily the result of the declines in mortality that have occurred in developing countries over the past 50 years. These resulted in a growth of population of working age that far exceeds the absorption capacity of developing economies. The author suggests that the economic integration of major areas of out-migration into the economic systems of the industrialized world is the only lasting solution to the problems posed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10521 Borjas, George J.; Tienda, Marta. The economic consequences of immigration. Science, Vol. 235, No. 4789, Feb 6, 1987. 645-51 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors examine the economic consequences of recent immigration to the United States using official data and published studies. After consideration of the historical perspective to this migration, attention is given to the impact of immigrants on the U.S. labor market, the assimilation of immigrants, and the immigrants' use of transfer income. The authors conclude that "(i) The aggregate impacts of foreign workers on the earnings and employment of native workers are quite small, but differ for selected population subgroups and high ethnic density labor markets. (ii) Immigrants who arrived during the 1970s are less skilled than earlier arrivals, and their earnings will remain substantially below those of natives throughout their working lives. (iii) The evidence on immigrants' receipt of public assistance income is inconclusive."
Location: Princeton University Library (SQ).

53:10522 Bulusu, Lak. Recent patterns of migration from and to the United Kingdom. Population Trends, No. 46, Winter 1986. 35-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Since 1983 more people have come to live in the United Kingdom than have left and the balance of international migration has shown an increasing gain. Previously there was usually a loss--of a fluctuating size. In terms of the gross flows the main change has been a drop in the number of people leaving the United Kingdom; recently these have been about 170 thousand annually whereas twenty years ago the figure was over 300 thousand. On the other hand, the numbers coming to the UK, which includes those returning after a period abroad, have been stable at around 200 thousand for many years; however in 1985 this number rose to 232 thousand....This article looks at these changes in terms of countries involved, citizenship, country of birth, age, sex and occupation of the migrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10523 Castiglioni, Aurelia H.; Duchene, Josianne. An indirect measure of international migration: the influence of the fertility schema on the age structure of emigrants. [Une mesure indirecte des migrations internationales: l'influence du schema de fecondite sur la structure par age des emigres.] Departement de Demographie Working Paper, No. 133, ISBN 2-87085-085-9. Jul 1986. 19 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Departement de Demographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
The authors outline a method for indirectly estimating the age structure of international emigrants from mortality and fertility trends. On the basis of results for Barbados, fertility trends are shown to be a determining factor affecting the age distribution of emigrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10524 Chopra, S. K. Brain drain--and how to reverse it. LC 86-901209. 1986. 176 pp. Lancer International: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies by various authors with respect to the migration of skilled manpower from developing to developed countries, the phenomenon commonly known as the brain drain. The focus is on the situation affecting India. The studies are grouped under the general headings of overview, causes, consequences, and solutions.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10525 De Marco, Graciela M. Aliens in Argentina: quantity and continuity of immigration flows from bordering countries, 1970-1985. [Extranjeros en la Argentina: cuantia y continuidad de los flujos inmigratorios limitrofes, 1970-1985.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 1, No. 3, Aug 1986. 323-50 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
Immigration to Argentina from 1970 to 1985 is examined. The author first discusses difficulties concerning the available data. Next, data from different sources are compared. The author then examines the continuity in the flow of migrants over time, with particular reference to the period 1981-1985.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10526 Dekkers, A. J. M. External migration in 1985. [Buitenlandse migratie in 1985.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 35, No. 1, Jan 1987. 31-43 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
International migration concerning the Netherlands in 1985 is reviewed using data from the national population register. The concepts used in the definition of migrants are explained.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10527 Dinand, Jean-Marie. Undocumented migrant labor in the United States. [Les travailleurs sans papiers aux Etats-Unis.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 1, No. 1, Sep 1985. 123-42 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author identifies two factors contributing to the increase in the number of illegal migrant workers in the United States. The first is the complex system of legal immigration, which contributes to massive evasion. The second is the preference by many employers for hiring illegal aliens. The author concludes that the proposed changes in U.S. immigration laws, even though they include employer sanctions, are likely to prove as ineffective as previous measures adopted in several states some 10 years ago that also penalized employers hiring illegal aliens. It is suggested that the economic pressures leading to large-scale labor immigration will prove stronger than political pressures to control such immigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10528 Domenach, Herve. Emigration, an endogenous component of the demographic transition? The case of the countries of the Caribbean basin. [L'emigration, composante endogene de la transition demographique? Le cas des pays du Bassin Caraibe.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 333-51 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the role of emigration in the demographic transition in the Caribbean region. General population trends in the Caribbean are reviewed, with attention to the situation in 1950 and to changes between 1950 and 1980. Emigration from the region is shown to have peaked during the 1960s, with a marked decline in fertility following in the 1970s and 1980s. The author discusses the extent to which emigration should be considered a causal factor, a catalyst, or an independent phenomenon relative to the fertility decline.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10529 Franchi, Annalisa. Some proposals concerning a new theory of emigration. [Alcune proposte per una nuova teoria sull'emigrazione.] Studi di Sociologia, Vol. 23, No. 1, Jan-May 1985. 64-78, 114 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
Some analytical problems concerning concepts developed in the theory of migration are considered. The author distinguishes between American and German approaches to the study of the sociology of migration. The importance of cultural factors in migration analysis is stressed. New ways to include the cultural factor in the study of immigrant populations are proposed.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10530 George, Pierre. Foreigners in France: a geographical study. [Les etrangers en France: etude geographique.] Annales de Geographie, Vol. 95, No. 529, May-Jun 1986. 273-300 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent trends in immigration to France are analyzed. The author notes that the bulk of recent migration has come from Northern Africa and Portugal, and most recently from Southeastern Asia and Africa South of the Sahara. In general, migrants are concentrated in the major cities and industrial Eastern regions. Consideration is given to migrant settlement patterns in urban areas.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10531 Goodis, Tracy A. Adaptation processes of recent immigrants to the United States: a review of demographic and social aspects. Impacts of Immigration in California Policy Discussion Paper, No. PDS-86-3, Dec 1986. 46 pp. Urban Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the recent literature on the demographic and social aspects of immigrant adaptation [in the United States]. Demographic dimensions include age and family structure, fertility behavior, intermarriage, and residential segregation. Social dimensions refer to native-language retention, English-language acquisition, and educational attainment. Most studies conclude that there are few significant differences between the grandchildren of immigrants and the native population overall....There is also evidence suggesting that the success of the immigrant generation in adjusting to life in the United States increases with their length of residence." The focus is on Hispanic and Asian immigrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10532 Guillaume, Pierre. European immigration to Canada since the Second World War. [L'immigration europeenne au Canada depuis la deuxieme guerre mondiale.] Etudes Canadiennes/Canadian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 20, Jun 1986. 7-24 pp. Talence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Trends in immigration to Canada since World War II are reviewed. The period following the war was dominated by migration from Europe. However, since the passage of 1967 and 1976 laws that abolished ethnic criteria for immigration in favor of the selection of immigrants based on their potential capacity to integrate into Canadian society, migration from Asia has surpassed that from Europe. The concentration of French-speaking immigrants in Quebec is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10533 Kanovsky, Eliyahu. Migration from the poor to the rich Arab countries. Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies Occasional Papers, LC 84-218423. Jun 1984. 77 pp. Tel Aviv University, Shiloah Institute, Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies: Tel Aviv, Israel. In Eng.
The large-scale migration that occurred during the oil boom of the 1970s and early 1980s from the poorer to the richer Arab countries is analyzed. The author first considers the nature and dimensions of this migration and the adequacy of the data available. The labor-exporting and labor-importing Arab countries are then considered separately. Consideration is given to possible future trends and their likely economic, social, and political consequences.
For a related study by the same author, published in 1986, see 52:30540.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

53:10534 Katz, Eliakim; Stark, Oded. Mobility and information. Migration and Development Program Discussion Paper, No. 27, Dec 1986. 21 pp. Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Migration and Development Program: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"In this paper we state and prove several results which may arise as a result of international migration taking place under asymmetric information. We note that whereas under symmetric information several distinct skill groups along the skill continuum may migrate, under asymmetric information there will only be one distinct migratory group along the skill continuum; that asymmetric information will not increase and may decrease the top skill level migrating; and that devices which tend to restore informational symmetry can give rise to interesting patterns and welfare implications of migration." Two theoretical examples are given. "First, in the presence of signalling, a U shaped pattern of migration with respect to skill may emerge. Second, an increase in the welfare of the low skill migrant workers can occur if eventual discovery is introduced."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10535 Lebon, Andre. Immigration in France from 1984 to 1986. [L'immigration en France de 1984 a 1986.] Dec 1986. 52 pp. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD], Systeme d'Observation Permanente des Migrations [SOPEMI]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This review of the immigration situation in France in 1985 and 1986 is one in a series of reports prepared within the framework of the System for the Observation of Migration (SOPEMI), set up by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Chapters are included on migration flows, the foreign population in France and the French population abroad, the acquisition of French citizenship, the economic characteristics of migrants, and legislation affecting migration.
For a previous report concerning the years 1983 and 1984, see 52:10500.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10536 Levine, Barry B. The Caribbean exodus. ISBN 0-275-92182-4. LC 86-21217. 1987. vii, 293 pp. Praeger: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies by various authors on aspects of migration from the Caribbean. The first part contains four studies, which examine Caribbean out-migration in the context of international migration in general. The second part deals with migration to the United States from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Central America. The third part examines Caribbean migration to the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Canada. A fourth part is concerned with the implications of such migrations for U.S. policy. Consideration is given to conditions affecting migration and attitudes toward it in both sending and receiving countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10537 Mata, Fernando G. Latin American immigration to Canada: some reflections on the immigration statistics. Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies/ Revue Canadienne des Etudes Latino-Americaines et Caraibes, Vol. 10, No. 20, 1985. 27-42 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Trends in immigration to Canada from Latin America are reviewed. Four migration waves are identified, starting with that associated with the 1952 change in the immigration laws. These waves have involved, sequentially, the highly qualified professionals, skilled workers, political refugees, and refugees from military conflicts, particularly in El Salvador.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10538 Meznaric, Silva. Sociology of migration in Yugoslavia. Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 1984. 41-88 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
A review of the literature on migration from Yugoslavia since 1960 is presented. The emphasis is on sociological studies.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10539 Moussourou, Loukia M. The sociology of migration in Greece since 1960. [La sociologie de la migration en Grece depuis 1960.] Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 1984. 89-121 pp. London, England. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The sociological literature concerning international migration from Greece since 1960 is reviewed. The author suggests that a Marxist approach to the analysis of European migration is likely to be more useful than a country-oriented study: using this approach, migration can be analyzed in the context of the relationship between industrialized countries in the center receiving migrants and nonindustrialized countries on the periphery that send migrants.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10540 Nasse, Simone; Bianquis, Marie-Jose; Meyer, Mireille; Tieche, Mireille; Regnier, Jean-Jacques. Emigration from the Maghrib from 1962 to 1985: a bibliographic index. [L'emigration maghrebine de 1962 a 1985: repertoire bibliographique.] Travaux et Documents de l'IREMAM, No. 1, 1986. 253; [14] pp. Universites d'Aix-Marseille, Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman [IREMAM]: Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
This unannotated bibliography is concerned with migration from Northern Africa primarily to France. It contains 2,261 citations to the literature published since 1962 and is organized by subject. The major topics are the migration phenomenon, religion and culture, social and political issues, the law and migrants, the world of work and economic data, education and training, and health and social security. A separate addendum lists additional works obtained in 1985 and part of 1986 alphabetically by author.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10541 Nigem, Elias T. Arab Americans: migration, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 629-49 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines the status of Arab Americans in the United States in light of their migration history and selected demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Using the 'Ancestry question' to define this group, and data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census and other secondary sources, the findings indicate that Arab Americans, although a recent group, share similar migratory forces with other emigrant groups. However, they are above the national average in terms of socioeconomic status."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10542 Ortiz, Vilma. Changes in the characteristics of Puerto Rican migrants from 1955 to 1980. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 612-28 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article tests the assumption that recent cohorts of migrants from Puerto Rico to the United States are a more select portion of the population, i.e., more educated and professional, than earlier cohorts. In this analysis, the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of three cohorts of Puerto Rican migrants over the last 30 years are compared utilizing data from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10543 Pellegrino, Adela. Immigration in Venezuela (1971-1981). [La inmigracion en Venezuela: (1971-1981).] Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales Documento de Trabajo, No. 24, Jun 1986. 132 pp. Universidad Catolica Andres Bello, Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
Immigration trends in Venezuela from 1971 to 1981 are reviewed using data from various sources including the 1981 census. Topics covered include the spatial distribution of immigrants, immigrant characteristics, the educational status of immigrants, and their participation in the country's economy. Consideration is given to the issue of illegal immigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10544 Rocha-Trindade, Maria B. The sociology of migrations in Portugal. [La sociologie des migrations au Portugal.] Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 2, Summer 1984. 175-98 pp. London, England. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The literature on migration affecting Portugal is reviewed, with emphasis on emigration from Portugal. The author examines the post-World War II phenomenon of migration to the rest of Europe, the way migrants preserve links with home, and return migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10545 Rodriguez Osuna, Jacinto. International migration, the demographic transition, and the development process. [Migraciones exteriores, transicion demografica y proceso de desarrollo.] Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas, No. 32, Oct-Dec 1985. 27-42 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
A review of international migration trends around the world during the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is presented. Particular attention is given to the migration experience of Spain.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10546 Rowland, D. T. Immigration and ageing. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 3, No. 1, May 1986. 18-26 pp. North Sydney, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper aims to provide an overview of immigration and ageing, and to highlight some implications of the numbers and characteristics of the immigrant elderly for the development of policies for aged care [in Australia]. Particular attention is given to the issues of demographic ageing, family support and institutionalisation." The author uses data from recent official and other published sources to examine the elderly immigrant population by birthplace and racial origin, sex, proportion institutionalized, and proportion handicapped. It is found that "insufficient recognition of the widespread lack of fluency in English among the ethnic minority aged is the greatest obstacle to achieving adequate provision for their needs."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10547 Sayad, Abdelmalek. Trends and currents in social science publications on immigration in France since 1960. [Tendances et courants des publications en sciences sociales sur l'immigration en France depuis 1960.] Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 3, Winter 1984. 219-304 pp. London, England. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
A review of the literature concerning immigration to France since 1960 is presented.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10548 Seccombe, I. J.; Lawless, R. I. Foreign worker dependence in the Gulf, and the international oil companies: 1910-50. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 548-74 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article demonstrates that foreign worker dependence in the [Persian] Gulf dates from the establishment of the oil industry in the early twentieth century. The composition of labor inflows [was] mainly determined by political and strategic, rather than commercial, concerns. Contrasting patterns of labor force composition evolved between those areas under British control, which imported labor from the Indian sub-continent, and the independent Saudi Arabia where labor was drawn from more diverse sources including the Italian settlers in Eritrea."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10549 Seccombe, Ian J. Economic recession and international labour migration in the Arab Gulf. Arab Gulf Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, Apr 1986. 43-52 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The article examines the broad effects of economic recession on immigrant labour flows into the Arab Gulf states. Attention is focussed on Kuwait which has experienced a significant reduction in new expatriate labour inflows since 1983. At the same time, however, the increasing rate of work permit renewals and of job transfers within the labour market suggest a growing stability of the expatriate workforce. As a result it is concluded that the economic recession may not result in a significant draw-down on expatriate labour stocks."
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

53:10550 Seccombe, Ian J.; Lawless, Richard I. Between Western Europe and the Middle East: changing patterns of Turkish labour migration. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 1, Sep 1986. 37-58 pp. Poitiers, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Tur.
The authors examine Turkish labor migration to Western Europe prior to 1973 and to the Middle East since that date. "The growth, organization and characteristics of these two phases in Turkish migration history are compared and contrasted. Particular emphasis is paid to the patterns of migrant worker origin and rates of emigration in the two periods. During the period 1961-73 the pattern of migration was dominated by the metropolitan and developed areas of Western Turkey. The re-direction of migration to Saudi Arabia, Libya and Iraq has been accompanied by a contraction and eastward shift in the main areas of migrant origins. Developments in the pattern of migrant worker origins are related to changes in the skill composition of the migrants and the mechanisms of the migration process. Opportunities for the employment of Turkish workers in the Arab world appear to have peaked and, although it has produced some short-term financial advantages, it has had little effect on Turkey's employment problems."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10551 Serageldin, Ismail; Alonso, William; Hua, Chang-I; Takayama, Takashi; Li, Bob. Simulating flows of labor in the Middle East and North Africa. World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 736, ISBN 0-8213-0547-6. LC 85-9602. 1985. 43 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
A method of simulating labor flows among 19 countries located in Western Asia and Northern Africa is presented. "The proposed systemic approach is similar in many ways to the well-known RAS approach for updating biproportional matrices. It differs from the RAS approach in that it is capable of greater interpretability and manipulability for policy purposes. The systemic approach also sets forth the possibility of defining certain parameters or movements in a behavioral fashion, relating economic variables to the modeling effort."
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

53:10552 Simon, Gildas. The new migratory deal in Southern Europe. [La nouvelle donne migratoire en Europe du Sud.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 2, No. 1, Sep 1986. 9-35 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author examines migration patterns in Southern Europe during the 1970s and early 1980s, noting particularly the reduction in migration northward from this region. It is noted that "departure potential remains sizable in certain areas of Portugal, Spain, Southern Italy, and most particularly, of Turkey and Yugoslavia. Transoceanic migrations have by no means ceased, as new flows of skilled labor have, since 1974, gone towards Arab states endowed with petrol (oil) revenues. And yet, the paramount fact is most surely the emergence and the proliferation in Greece, Spain, and (especially) in Italy, of basically clandestine (illegal) immigration. This movement is due to the convergence of several factors: economic and demographic disparities between northern and southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, the sealing-off of borders in Northwestern Europe and the 'carry-over' effect upon nations of 'transit', the extent of the flow of refugees, and--most particularly--the appeal provided by the development, in these new employer countries, of an underground economy accompanied by the extension into industry of the practice of 'undeclared' work. And notwithstanding the series of rules lastly drawn up in Spain and in Greece, such forms of clandestine (unauthorized) migration appear highly likely--to say the least--to persist."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10553 Telles, Edward; Bean, Frank D. The impact of undocumented Mexican immigration on U.S. labor markets: a review of the literature. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 8: 1986, No. 8.018, 1986. 19, [5] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The authors review the results of recent research on the economic impact of undocumented Mexican immigration to the United States in order to provide the grounds for assessing the consequences of recent legislation.
According to the authors, "these studies provide consistent evidence that legal and undocumented immigration hardly affects wages in U.S. labor markets. That these are the overall effects across labor markets is fairly certain. However, several issues are still unclear: (1) the dynamics of the labor market itself in its ability or inability to expand in the context of an increased supply of labor, (2) how individual workers in particular occupations or industries are affected by increased immigration, and (3) the impact on labor markets like Los Angeles where immigration is particularly great."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10554 Thompson, Gary; Amon, Ricardo; Martin, Philip L. Agricultural development and emigration: rhetoric and reality. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 575-97 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The untested premise of trade liberalizing U.S. development programs such as the Caribbean Basin Initiative is that commodity trade can substitute for international labor migration. Analysis of U.S. tomato producing regions in Sinaloa, Mexico and Florida suggests that the effect of trade liberalization on international labor migration is uncertain." The emphasis is on how such development projects might affect the flow of illegal migrants to the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10555 United Nations. Secretariat (New York, New York). International migration. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 19-20, 1987. 82-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The publications of the U.N. Population Division concerning international migration are reviewed. It is noted that the Division's "productivity related to that subject can be divided into four areas of endeavour--namely, work on the compilation and improvement of international migration statistics; analytical studies on the levels and trends of migration; the overview of policies shaping international migration flows; and the study of the interrelations between international migration and social and economic factors." Changes over time in the priority given to various topics are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10556 Wallace, Steven P. Central American and Mexican immigrant characteristics and economic incorporation in California. International Migration Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Fall 1986. 657-71 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"Data compiled from the 1980 U.S. Census and other sources are used in this article to demonstrate the distinctiveness of Central American immigration....Comparisons between Central American and Mexican immigrants in California reveal substantial differences between the two groups in their age structure, sex ratio, and human capital characteristics." The emphasis of the study is on the differences concerning incorporation of these migrant groups into the Californian economy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10557 Werner, H. Post-war labour migration in Western Europe: an overview. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/ Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 3, Sep 1986. 543-57 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author outlines trends in labor migration in Europe since World War II and discusses changes in migration policy. Attention is given to policies toward foreigners during economic recessions and to the components of change in the foreign population. Freedom of movement among the member states of the European Community is discussed, and likely future developments are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10558 Wilpert, Czarina. International migration and ethnic minorities: new fields for post-war sociology in the Federal Republic of Germany. Current Sociology/Sociologie Contemporaine, Vol. 32, No. 3, Winter 1984. 305-52 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
A review of studies concerning international migration and the development of ethnic minorities in the Federal Republic of Germany is presented. "This review will emphasize primarily the sociological literature in the Federal Republic of Germany in the context of developments since 1960. In addition to a discussion of the key issues and concepts employed, empirical research in the areas of social problems, housing and urban questions, education, the second generation, and return migration, among others, will be treated."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10559 Winzer, Fritz. Emigrants: history of emigration in Europe. [Emigranten: Geschichte der Emigration in Europa.] Ullstein Buch, No. 34313, ISBN 3-548-34313-9. 1986. 182 pp. Ullstein: Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book provides an overview of the history of emigration in Europe from ancient times to the twentieth century. The first section, which is arranged chronologically, includes chapters on refugees during ancient Greek and Roman times and the Middle Ages, religious refugees at the time of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, emigrants of the eighteenth century, politically and economically motivated emigration during the nineteenth century, twentieth-century emigrants and refugees up to 1933, and European emigration streams since 1933. The second part of the book consists of a dictionary and chronological table of emigration.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10560 Zazza, Anna. Italian emigration and its demographic consequences in some zones of origin and of destination. [L'emigrazione italiana e sue conseguenze demografiche in alcune zone di esodo e di immigrazione.] Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1985. 127-46 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
The demographic consequences of emigration from Italy are analyzed, with the focus on the period since World War II. Attention is paid to the demographic impact of emigration on the regions of origin and to the demographic characteristics of the Italian population in the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Luxembourg, and Switzerland.
Location: New York Public Library.

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

53:10561 Alba, Richard D.; Trent, Katherine. Population loss and change in the North: an examination of New York's migration to the Sunbelt. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 67, No. 4, Dec 1986. 690-706 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"This research examines the characteristics of migrants moving between the sunbelt and New York State in the 1975-80 period. The findings indicate that, for New York State, important compositional changes were associated with migration during the 1970s. These changes suggest that much of the migration was prompted by broad economic shifts among regions." Public Use Microdata from the 1980 census are used in the analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10562 Beck, Allen J. The effects of spatial location and economic structure on interstate migration. Pub. Order No. DA8512360. 1985. 324 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation examines the determinants of interstate migration in the U.S. between 1965 and 1970. Data are brought to bear on three problems: (1) the effects of the spatial location of the origin and destination; (2) the effects that interdependencies among states have on the flow of migrants; and (3) the determinants of circulation and redistribution. Numerous propositions are examined, which link the volume of state-to-state migration to economic characteristics of states and to their spatial relationships with other states."
While fundamental spatial regularities in migration are noted, "no evidence is found at the macrolevel to sustain popular microlevel hypotheses involving a rational calculation of the costs and benefits of migration." Trends in 1975-1980 are briefly examined in order to observe developments over time.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(4).

53:10563 Brosnan, Peter. Net interprovincial migration, 1886 to 1966. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 12, No. 3, Oct 1986. 185-204 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author produces estimates of internal migration for New Zealand, including estimations of Maori and non-Maori movements for specified periods between 1886 and 1966. He uses the census enumeration ratio method to estimate migration and presents race-, age-, and sex-specific migration data. The role of internal migration in interprovincial population redistribution is also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10564 Cabre, Ana; Moreno, Julio; Pujadas, Isabel. Migration and spatial redistribution in Spain. [Cambio migratorio y "reconversion territorial" en Espana.] Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas, No. 32, Oct-Dec 1985. 43-65 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Trends in internal migration in Spain from 1960 to 1980 are analyzed. The emphasis is on the impact of migration on the spatial distribution of the population and on the characteristics of local populations.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10565 Cerit, Sevil. Inter-provincial migration in Turkey (1950-1980). [Turkiye'de iller arasi gocler (1950-1980).] Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 8, 1986. 81-103 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Tur. with sum. in Eng.
Interprovincial migration in Turkey is analyzed for the period 1950-1980 using census data. High levels of out-migration from many provinces are observed, with up to 40 percent of the population leaving the province of birth in some cases. The concentration of population in the major urban regions of Istanbul, Kocaeli, Ankara, and Izmir is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10566 de Albuquerque, Klaus; Tauge, Mariget. The impact of net migration between independence and the 1980 census on the age and sex structure of Papua New Guinea provinces. IASER Discussion Paper, No. 50, Sep 1986. iv, 35 pp. Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research [IASER]: Boroko, Papua New Guinea. In Eng.
Data from the 1980 census are used to analyze the impact of internal migration on the age and sex structure of the provincial populations of Papua New Guinea. The authors conclude that, with the exception of some provinces with high levels of out-migration, the impact on the age and sex structure of the population has been limited.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10567 Devis, Tim; Mills, Ian. A comparison of migration data from the National Health Service Central Register and the 1981 census. OPCS Occasional Paper, No. 35, ISBN 0-904952-24-X. 1986. v, 54 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
Data on internal migration in the United Kingdom from two official sources are compared. These sources are the National Health Service Central Register (NHSCR) and the census data concerning persons who moved in the year prior to enumeration. "This paper sets out a comparison of migration data between the two sources, analyses some causes of the differences that exist, and shows the effect of adjusting for these discrepancies in a few areas. The movements analysed are those between Family Practitioner Committee (FPC) areas....The period of comparison was the 12 months prior to 5 April 1981...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10569 Frey, William H. Lifecourse migration and redistribution of the elderly across U.S. regions and metropolitan areas. Economic Outlook USA, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1986. 10-6 pp. Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Recent trends concerning the migration and spatial redistribution of the elderly population in the United States are reviewed. Migration is examined over the whole life course in order to place the migration of the elderly in context and to provide improved forecasts of future migration trends among the elderly.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:10570 Kearney, Robert N.; Miller, Barbara D. Internal migration in Sri Lanka and its social consequences. International Studies in Migration, ISBN 0-8133-7321-2. LC 86-18989. 1987. xvi, 143 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/London, England. In Eng.
Internal migration in Sri Lanka and its consequences are analyzed. Three major aspects of these consequences are examined: unbalanced sex ratios, rising rates of suicide, and increased ethnic conflict. Data are from a variety of sources, including the 1971 census. The analysis is interdisciplinary, combining the approaches of political science and anthropology. The initial chapter outlines patterns of internal migration in the country. The next three chapters consider the consequences of migration, and a concluding chapter deals with future research and policy considerations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10571 Kennedy, John M. Changes in the selectivity of interregional migrants: 1970-1983. Pub. Order No. DA8615207. 1986. 186 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author uses Current Population Survey data to analyze the selectivity of interregional migrants moving between the North and the South of the United States for the periods 1970-1975, 1975-1980, and 1980-1983. Six selectivity characteristics--education, housing tenure, race, occupation, age, and dual-worker families--are related to time- and stream-specific migration.
The analyses show that "there was little change in characteristics of migrants during the 1970's and a substantial decrease in interregional migration in the early 1980's. The data also show that, except for the migration of persons aged 65-74, there are relatively few differences in the rates of migration in each stream....Persons with more education and renters are more likely to have moved from one region to another." Economic and social explanations for migration differentials are considered.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Pennsylvania State University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 47(4).

53:10572 Lian, Jon I. Migration across county borders, 1967-1979. [Flytting over fylkesgrenser, 1967-79.] Rapporter fra Statistisk Sentralbyra, No. 86/19, ISBN 82-537-2382-2. 1986. 66 pp. Statistisk Sentralbyra: Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Nor.
Internal migration trends in Norway for the period 1967-1979 are analyzed using official data. The primary objective of the analysis is to improve the accuracy of the migration component of national population projections. The analysis is performed using a demographic regional economic model, DROM, which employs a combination of cross-sectional and time series data on migration across county borders. The main explanatory variables identified are job opportunities, housing, and educational opportunities.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10573 Liaw, Kao-Lee; Ledent, Jacques. Explanation of the spatio-temporal pattern of interprovincial migration in Canada: an application of the nested logit model. QSEP Research Report, No. 153, Jan 1986. 52 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
"A flexible methodology for explaining interregional migration in terms of relevant socioeconomic variables is set forth in this paper. Concerned with setting observation against theory, it makes use of (1) the nested logit model as a theoretical substratum and (2) the maximum quasi-likelihood method as a method for parameter estimation and statistical inference. Application to interprovincial migration data over a 22-year period (1961-1962 to 1982-1983) shows that, in Canada, migration does not appear to serve well as an equalizer of economic opportunities."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10574 Mehta, Swarnjit; Gill, Mehar S. Migration of scheduled caste population in rural Bist Doab (Punjab). Population Geography, Vol. 6, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1984. 26-38 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"Based on primary data collected [between 1980 and 1982] from five villages in the Bist Doab, this study attempts to analyse migrational patterns of the scheduled caste population in the rural areas of this region of Punjab [India]." The rate of in-migration of scheduled castes, their migration among rural areas, and out-migration are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10575 Mukherji, D.; Sita, K. Spatial patterns of out-migration in Maharashtra: 1961-71. Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1982. 76-90 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The authors identify areas of out-migration in Maharashtra, India, and attempt to determine its probable causes. The study, which uses data for the years 1961-1971, reveals three areas of out-migration and identifies unfavorable relief, susceptibility to drought, closing of household industries, decreased employment opportunities, and the attraction of metropolitan centers as probable causes of out-migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10576 Nag, Prithvish. The role of women in internal migration in Zambia. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 60-9 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
A historical survey of female migration in Zambia is presented. Data from censuses of Zambia for the years 1969 and 1980 include statistics on the growth of the female population; sex ratios in urban areas; households classified by size, sex of the head, and number of wives of male heads; and population by marital status and sex.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10577 Nair, P. S. Estimating state-to-state period migration flows in India during 1971-81. In: Dynamics of population and family welfare, 1985, edited by K. Srinivasan and S. Mukerji. Dec 1985. 102-14 pp. Himalaya Publishing House: Bombay, India. In Eng.
"The author estimates in- and out-migrations for different states [of India] by using the census data of 1971 and 1981. Using the data on total in-migrants and out-migrants as marginal totals and the life-time migration flows matrix of 1971 as inputs, [the author] has applied his model to infer period migration flows between the states in India during [the years] 1971-81."
The analysis supports "the belief that most of the migrants go to neighbouring states. The model does not consider international migration....The pattern of flow seems to indicate a static situation in migration in spite of significant variations in different levels of development in the states."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10578 Nangia, S.; Samuel, M. J. Determinants and characteristics of female migration: a case study of Salem City in Tamil Nadu, India. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 34-43 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"A random sample of 521 male and 481 female migrants surveyed in Salem city [India] during 1980-81 was analyzed on the basis of a classification related to reasons (association, marriage, distress and voluntary) for migration. Women were found as outnumbering males in associational migration, both in rural to urban and urban to urban streams. They also formed almost all the marriage migrants. They were more numerous in distress migration as well. There were, however, comparatively few women among voluntary migrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10579 Otomo, Atsushi. Spatial mobility and reasons for migration of Japanese women. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 44-59 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author studies "the spatial mobility of Japanese women and its change mainly between 1970 and 1980, through the comparison with the men's mobility, [with respect to] distance of movement, age patterns and labour force status, using...population census data....Chief reasons for migration of the women by types of migratory flows are examined using the data derived from the survey on reasons for migration conducted in 1981 by the Land Agency, the Government of Japan....It is found that the spatial mobility of Japanese women is smaller than that of the men in long distance movement but almost [the] same in short distance moves, and that the age pattern of spatial mobility of the women is nearly [the] same between the distances of movement."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10580 Pavlova, Veselka. Some aspects and problems of the application of statistical and mathematical methods for modeling migration in Bulgaria. [Nyakoi aspekti i problemi pri prilaganeto na statistiko-matematicheski metodi za modelirane mekhanichnoto dvizhenie na naselenieto v Balgariya.] Naselenie, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1986. 96-110 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Some basic problems and questions concerning the elaboration of simple, gravitation, regression, and auto-correlation models of internal migration in Bulgaria are reviewed. The data are from official sources and concern the period 1963-1981. The author suggests that dynamic models of population growth decomposed by sex and place of residence are needed to study the migration process.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10581 Pedersen, Troels H. Regional migration in Denmark, 1971-1980. [Regionale vandringer i Danmark 1971-80.] ISBN 87-981541-4-1. LC 86-126858. 1985. 126 pp. Universitas Othiniensis, Institut for Nationalokonomi og Sociologi: Odense, Denmark. In Dan.
Population trends in Denmark from 1950 to 1980 are examined, with particular attention to regional migration patterns from 1971 to 1980. Theoretical aspects of population and migration are first reviewed. Next, population trends as a whole in Denmark from 1950 to 1980 are summarized. Regional population dynamics are then considered, including fertility and mortality as well as migration. The factors affecting migration are analyzed using a simple neoclassical model, with particular reference to regional wage differentials and the labor market.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10582 Redei, Maria. Population movement within small areas. [A kis tersegi nepessegmozgasok.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 64, No. 11, Nov 1986. 1,093-107 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Internal migration trends in Hungary between 1962 and 1982 are analyzed. The socioeconomic causes and consequences of migration are first reviewed. Changes in the distribution of migration among counties over time are then examined. "In order to measure these changes, four-dimensional row vectors, based on standardized data, are elaborated and used for demonstrating the structure of movement. Finally, an attempt is made to forecast the movement of the population, based on the structure described in this way."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10583 Robinson, Guy M. Migration: aspirations and reality amongst school-leavers in a small south Canterbury town. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 12, No. 3, Oct 1986. 218-34 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author examines recent interregional migration in New Zealand and concentrates on the factors underlying the decision to migrate. The focus is on one small South Island community, its school pupils, their aspirations, and the experiences of recent school-leavers. The article is based on a questionnaire survey of pupils in which sex, educational status, and family status were considered. The significance of employment and educational opportunities is cited as the leading reason for leaving.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10584 Rowe, Geoffrey T.; Krishnan, Parameswara. Internal migration in India: results from three stochastic process models. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 70-80 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"Approximations of the inter-state migration process in India by three logically different models reveal surprisingly similar results. The 1961 census data on place of birth by place of enumeration were employed for this study." A simple Markov chain, an unconditional semi-Markov model, and a conditional semi-Markov model were used to approximate interstate migration. The authors find that "if the pattern of migration noticed at the time of the 1961 census continues, more than 60 percent of India's population would be located in the states of Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and West Bengal put together."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10585 Roy, B. K. Redistribution of population in India: some reflections. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 81-6 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"This article examines some aspects of redistribution of population on the basis of internal migration data provided by the 1971 census. Its scope is in India limited to the assessment of the quantum and proportion of the redistribution at the national and state levels and to the change in internal migration during 1961-1971 on the basis of birth place statistics. A comparison of POB (place of birth) and POLAR (place of last residence) migrants is also referred to in the discussion. Brief [analyses] of types of migration streams in the intra-district, inter-district and inter-state levels are assessed to indicate the composition of migration. Certain characteristics of migrants in urban areas are also presented...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10586 Rusli, Said. The migration of the rural population of Central Java. [Gerak (mobilitas) penduduk pedesaan di Jawa Tengah.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 13, No. 25, Jun 1986. v-vii, 1-20 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
"The objectives of this study are to examine the migration, circulation, and commuting dimensions of population mobility in rural areas of Central Java. An analysis was made to gauge a relationship between the population mobility dimensions and the agricultural modernization in the different villages." The data were collected by means of systematic random sampling from nine villages in 1981.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10587 Sanders, Alvin J.; Long, Larry. New Sunbelt migration patterns. American Demographics, Vol. 9, No. 1, Jan 1987. 38-41 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
Recent trends in migration within the United States are examined using data from the Internal Revenue Service. The focus is on migration affecting the Sunbelt. Particular attention is paid to migration affecting Texas, California, and Florida over the period since 1965.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10588 Schuurman, Frans J. John Turner revisited: an intra-urban migration model for colonial-type cities in Latin America. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 77, No. 3, 1986. 221-30 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author uses the intra-urban migration model developed by John Turner in the early 1960s to examine population movements in the city of Arequipa, Peru. Ways in which the model applies in the case of Arequipa are summarized, as are quantitative and qualitative differences between the model and the Arequipa study. The Turner model employs economic (industrialization level), demographic (level of rural-to-urban migration), and political (housing policy) criteria to distinguish a city's transitional phase. "According to these criteria Arequipa clearly belongs to the mid-transitional phase. The pattern of intra-urban migration, however, shows a mixture of Turner's mid and late transitional phases (e.g. center acts still as a reception area, but at the same time a major number of migrants settle directly in the periphery)....The town itself has a limited industrial development and hardly any municipal housing policy worth mentioning....It is above all the demographic factor in combination with the town's morphology (a large colonial-type center, etc.) which in the case of Arequipa regulates the pattern of intra-urban migration."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10589 Serow, William J. Determinants of interstate migration: differences between elderly and nonelderly movers. Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan 1987. 95-100 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes the determinants of [U.S.] interstate inmigration and outmigration for persons aged 5 to 54 and for persons aged 55 and over. The paper finds several similarities between the sets of migration determinants, but several potentially important differences emerge as well. Perhaps most striking among these are that states with high earnings of workers tend to have high rates of outmigration of elderly adults and that states with high levels of unemployment have high levels of inmigration of elderly people--these relationships are generally the opposite of those found for the nonelderly." Data are from official sources and concern the period 1975-1980.
Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

53:10590 Simmons, Alan B. Institutional control, migration, and labor supply: an application to historical movements in Latin America. [Controle institutionnel, migration et offre de main-d'oeuvre: application aux mouvements historiques en Amerique Latine.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 285-324 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author develops a conceptual model to explain the various forms of migration evident in Latin America since the colonial period. The predominant perspective involves institutional influences (including political, economic, legal, and social factors) on labor supply and migration. The model is an elaboration and extension of published works focusing on historical-structural and neo-Marxist interpretations. Among the recent forms of migration examined are rural-urban migration, seasonal labor migration, and the settlement of new frontiers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10591 Soonthorndhada, A. The determinants and consequences of female migration in Thailand. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 4-11 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The migration of females in Thailand, especially from rural areas to Bangkok, is examined. Drawing from numerous official sources for 1979 and 1981, the author shows that the majority of female migrants are young and single and that economic hardship in their place of residence is the key reason for moving.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10592 Sudibia, I. Ketut. Population migration and its contribution to household income in the region of origin. A case study of the village of Mengwi, Badung regency, Bali. [Mobilitas penduduk dan sumbangannya terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga di daerah asal. Sebuah studi kasus di desa Mengwi Kabupaten Badung, Bali.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 13, No. 25, Jun 1986. x-xii, 57-66 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
This study examines labor migration from the Balinese village of Mengwi, Indonesia, and its contribution to household income in the village of origin. The data concern some 150 households, including 108 commuters, 33 circular migrants, and 108 permanent migrants, and were collected in 1984. The results indicate a significant contribution from migrants, particularly among low-income families.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10593 Tomasek, Pavel. Migration in the Socialist countries of central Europe. [Migration dans les pays socialistes de l'Europe centrale.] Sbornik Praci, Vol. 5, 1984. 41-51 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Fre.
Migration trends in Socialist countries of Eastern Europe, namely Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and the German Democratic Republic, are reviewed. The emphasis is on internal migration. The author notes a general decline in levels of migration over time, a growth in the importance of migration over short distances, and a decline in the extent of rural-urban migration since the period following World War II
Author's address: Kunstatska 23, 621 00 Brno, Czechoslovakia.
Location: University of Illinois Library 128, Urbana, Ill.

53:10594 Torres, Magdalena. Internal migration in Ecuador. [Migraciones internas en el Ecuador.] Jun 1986. 59 pp. Centro de Estudios de Poblacion y Paternidad Responsable [CEPAR]: Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
Internal migration trends in Ecuador are analyzed, primarily using data from the censuses of 1962, 1974, and 1982. Consideration is given to the differences between migrants and nonmigrants by province, age, educational status, and years of residence. The author also examines the major urban destinations of migrants and the main regions of migrant origin.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10595 Wood, James W.; Smouse, Peter E.; Long, Jeffrey C. Sex-specific dispersal patterns in two human populations of highland New Guinea. American Naturalist, Vol. 125, No. 6, Jun 1985. 747-68 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The authors develop a model to analyze factors affecting sex-specific patterns in natal dispersal, or the movement of individuals from place of birth to place of reproduction. The method presented is based on a maximum-likelihood treatment of a gravity model of dispersal and is applied to field data on two tribal populations in Papua New Guinea
"The analyses suggest that males in these populations are less likely to disperse than females, but more likely to move to more-distant locations when they do disperse. The dispersal of both sexes, however, is negatively density dependent (i.e., individuals move away from areas of higher density before they reproduce), with density affecting both sexes to about the same degree. Extension of the model to include linguistic differences among locations shows that male dispersal is more constrained by language than is female dispersal."
Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

53:10596 Loescher, Gil; Scanlan, John A. Calculated kindness: refugees and America's half-open door, 1945 to the present. ISBN 0-02-927340-4. LC 86-12079. 1986. xviii, 346 pp. Free Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
The history of U.S. acceptance of refugees since the end of World War II is described. The authors attempt to show that although the United States has absorbed over two million refugees in this period, the bias has been heavily in favor of refugees from left-wing countries. They suggest that despite the neutral standard set by the Refugee Act, the federal authorities continue to discriminate against refugees from right-wing countries. The links between U.S. foreign policy and refugee policies are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10597 Relethford, John H. Settlement formation in North-central Massachusetts, 1700-1850. Social Biology, Vol. 33, No. 3-4, Fall-Winter 1986. 276-90 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
Methods of geographic analysis are applied to the examination of settlement patterns in north-central Massachusetts in the period 1700-1850, undertaken during the course of a project on the relationship between population growth and genetic structure. "Three methods were used for analysis: nearest neighbor analysis, analysis of settlement history, and rank size analysis. Nearest neighbor analysis shows the area was settled quickly, and the final distribution of populations was patterned, suggesting a strong relationship of migration and distance. Settlement history shows a pattern of early fissioning of towns, and fusioning in later periods. Rank size analysis shows there was heterogeneity of population size, but the area did not show a strong tendency for the development of central places during this time period. The potential genetic effects of settlement formation are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10598 Silk, James. Despite a generous spirit: denying asylum in the United States. U.S. Committee for Refugees Issue Paper, Dec 1986. 48 pp. American Council for Nationalities Service: New York, New York. In Eng.
This report criticizes current U.S. policies concerning the granting of asylum to refugees. The focus is on the experience of Central Americans and Haitians who have sought to come to the United States in recent years. The author develops the argument that differences in the rate of approval of asylum cases indicate a bias against refugees from certain areas and countries. He urges that future policy be developed in the light of the human rights approach rather than that of immigration control.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10599 United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe [ECE] (Geneva, Switzerland). Research on long-term perspectives for human settlements development in the ECE Committee on Housing, Building and Planning region. Synthesis report prepared on the basis of a seminar held in Budapest, in October 1983, under the auspices of the ECE Committee on Housing, Building and Planning. No. ECE/HBP/61, Pub. Order No. E.86.II.E.20. ISBN 92-1-116371-4. Nov 1986. v, 107 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This publication is a product of a seminar held in Budapest in 1983 on long-term perspectives for human settlements development. The emphasis is on the assessment of both quantitative and qualitative factors that influence urban and regional development. Three main topics are addressed: social issues of human settlements, the development of settlement systems, and the development of cities and urban agglomerations. The geographic focus is on Europe, with contributions from the USSR and United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

53:10600 Boyd, M.; Taylor, C. The feminization of temporary workers: the Canadian case. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 4, Dec 1986. 717-34 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The female component of temporary labor migration to Canada is presented using unpublished data from Employment and Immigration Canada for the period 1979-1985. The results indicate that women represented some 40 percent of legal labor migrants to Canada during this period, and predominated in the domestic worker sector. Comparisons are made to the situation concerning guest workers in Europe.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10601 Lukomskyj, Oleh; Richards, Peter. Return migration from Australia: a case study. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/ Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 3, Sep 1986. 603-32 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The study investigates the departure from Australia of former settlers who arrived during the 1980 calendar year. The 1980 settler arrival cohort [consists] of 75,167 visaed migrants....The study has three main aims: (i) to analyse departures from Australia of the 1980 settler arrival cohort with a view to gauging the success of Australia's immigration program in retaining settlers; (ii) to examine the retention rates of settlers with respect to characteristics...including age, sex, marital status, country of last residence, and settler eligibility category; and (iii) to consider implications of the findings."
Australia's present immigration policy is discussed, previous research on return migration from Australia is summarized, and a detailed analysis of the departure data is presented. "This study found that by August 1984, 12.4 per cent of non-refugee settlers who arrived in Australia during 1980 had departed permanently but that only 0.6 per cent of the 1980 refugee cohort had done so." These figures represent a decline in immigrant departure rates since the 1960s and early 1970s. Small differences in departure rates by place of birth, age, and marital status, which may have demographic consequences if sustained over time, are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10602 Thomas-Hope, Elizabeth M. Transients and settlers: varieties of Caribbean migrants and the socio-economic implications of their return. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/ Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 3, Sep 1986. 559-72 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author analyzes international migration patterns of Caribbean populations, with particular attention to the persistence of significant return flows. A typology of migration in the region is presented, which includes categories of transients or shuttle migrants and settlers or long-stay migrants. Skill or occupational changes, principal remittances, and migration objectives of each group are summarized. The social, economic, and policy implications of international circulation in the Caribbean are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10603 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Returning migrant workers: exploratory studies. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 79; ST/ESCAP/454, 1986. v, 148 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This publication includes research reports and statements prepared by governments and presented at the Policy Workshop on International Migration in Asia and the Pacific, held in Bangkok, Thailand, October 15-21, 1985. The focus is on return migration, primarily from temporary employment in the countries of Western Asia. Papers are included on return migration to Sri Lanka, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Thailand, and Tonga. Statements concerning migration are included from the governments of Bangladesh and India. A review of the literature concerning return migration in the Mediterranean basin is also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

53:10604 Ahmed, Salehuddin. Rural-urban migration: policy simulations in a dual economy model of Bangladesh. Developing Economies, Vol. 24, No. 1, Mar 1986. 26-43 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
The process of rural-urban migration in Bangladesh is analyzed using a dual economy model. The focus is on the period 1976-1985. The main purpose of the paper is to examine alternative policies designed to reduce the level of such migration without adversely affecting the country's economy.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:10605 Banerjee, Biswajit. Rural to urban migration and the urban labour market (a case study of Delhi). Studies in Economic Development and Planning, No. 41, LC 86-900684. 1986. xviii, 285 pp. Himalaya Publishing House: Bombay, India. In Eng.
"Based on survey data on 1,600 respondents collected by the author in 1975-76, the book is a study of labour migrants in Delhi [India]. A primary objective is to test the empirical validity of the assumptions on which probabilistic migration models are founded. In particular, an examination is made of information transmission, expectations, inter-sector mobility, intra-sector turnover, and the structure and determinants of earnings." The author shows that the Delhi experience does not fit the migration process postulated in the probabilistic models
"The book also examines the economic selectivity and the articulated motives of migrants....Urban-rural ties are also investigated. These ties are strong and are manifested in regular visits and remittances by migrants to family members living in the rural area. The determinants of remittances and conjugal separation are analyzed using Tobit and logit analysis respectively. The evidence suggests that the underlying objective of migration is maximization of family rather than individual benefits."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10606 Burchards, Eckehard. Geographic mobility in the framework of Ghana's ecological and socioeconomic disparity: analysis of a social-geographic phenomenon with special reference to urban migrants in Nima/Mamobi, Accra. [Die geographische Mobilitat im Rahmen der okologischen und sozio-okonomischen Disparitat Ghanas: Analyse eines sozialgeographischen Phanomens unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Stadtwanderer in Nima/Mamobi, Accra.] Hamburger Geographische Studien, No. 41, ISBN 3-506-73641-8. 1984. 257 pp. Ferdinand Schoningh: Paderborn, Germany, Federal Republic of; Universitat Hamburg, Institut fur Geographie und Wirtschaftsgeographie: Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Rural-urban migration in Ghana is investigated using data from two surveys carried out by the author among migrants in Nima/Mamobi, Accra. The framework adopted is that migration is an integral part of the social order and that it plays an important role in resource management. Chapters are included on methodological and theoretical aspects of geographic mobility, the social-geographic background in West Africa and particularly in Ghana, patterns of geographic mobility in Ghana, results of the surveys in Accra, and the evaluation of the survey results and their incorporation in a model of urban migration in Ghana.
Location: Universitat Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. Source: Current Geographical Publications 49(7).

53:10607 Carbajo Isla, Maria F. In-migration to Madrid (1600-1850). [La inmigracion a Madrid (1600-1850).] Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas, No. 32, Oct-Dec 1985. 67-100 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
In-migration to Madrid, capital of Spain, is reviewed for the period 1600-1850. Data are from both parish records and official sources. The region of origin of in-migrants is examined as well as their distribution by sex and age.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10608 Centre d'Etudes Demographiques et Sociales [CEDES] (Nouakchott, Mauritania). Proceedings of a seminar with the theme "The consequences of drought: rural exodus and urbanization; their impact on the way of life of families". [Actes du seminaire sur le theme "Les consequences de la secheresse: l'exode rural et l'urbanisation; leurs effets sur le mode de vie des familles"] Jul 1983. [123] pp. Nouakchott, Mauritania. In Fre.
These are the proceedings of a seminar held in Nouakchott, Mauritania, December 6-11, 1982, concerning the consequences of the drought in the Sahel region of Africa, with particular reference to the situation in Mauritania. The primary emphasis is on the rural exodus and migration to the capital, Nouakchott, and on the measures that have been or are being taken to deal with the resulting problems.
Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

53:10609 Gentelle, Pierre. Urbanization strategy and the rural exodus. [Strategie d'urbanisation et exode rural.] Courrier des Pays de l'Est, No. 298, Sep 1985. 10-20 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the consequences of recent trends toward private ownership of land in China with regard to rural-urban migration. He concludes that these changes in land ownership could lead to a migration of up to 200 million people toward urban areas. The measures developed to control such migrations are examined, particularly the development of urban centers and industries in rural areas.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10610 Gubry, P.; Lamlenn, B. S.; Ngwe, E.; Tchegho, J. M. The descendants questionnaire: a method for examining rural exodus in the areas of departure. [Le questionnaire-descendants: une methode d'approche de l'exode rural dans les zones de depart.] Revue Science et Technique: Serie Sciences Humaines/Science and Technology Review: Social Sciences Series, Vol. 3, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1985. 129-43 pp. Yaounde, Cameroon. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine the rural exodus in the Cameroon "through the use of a Descendants Questionnaire which is used to record the present place of residence of emigrant children as declared by their fathers. The methodology adopted for this exercise, though it raises certain specific problems, has made possible the recording of concrete conditions prevalent in the areas of departure of migrants."
The project reported here began in 1981 and is continuing today. Copies of the questionnaire and the coding sheet are included in appendixes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10611 Huang, Nora L. H. C. Female migration to Taipei: process and adaptation. Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1983. 12-33 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"This paper examines the decision process of rural-urban migration and adaptation of rural female migrants to the Taipei Metropolis. The analysis is based on interviews [conducted in 1979] of ninety-six female migrants from villages who have moved to Taipei." Attention is given to the population characteristics of female migrants, their reasons for migrating, their housing in Taipei, work history, social life, and attitudes toward rural and urban living.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10612 Kuko, Mustafa H. An evaluation and analysis of the effects of regional economic development on internal migration in the Sudan. Pub. Order No. DA8505270. 1984. 342 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of seven regional economic development projects implemented since 1960 on rural-urban migration in the Sudan, the effects of these projects on the quality of life in rural Sudan, and the effects of migration in the Greater Khartoum area. Some remedies to the problems resulting from these projects and some strategies for development are suggested
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of California at Riverside.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(1).

53:10613 Ledent, Jacques. A model of urbanization with nonlinear migration flows. International Regional Science Review, Vol. 10, No. 3, Dec 1986. 221-42 pp. Morgantown, West Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper seeks an appropriate specification of the migration exchange between rural and urban areas so that the implied evolution of the degree of urbanization agrees with its commonly observed S-shape. After demonstrating that the gross migration flows between rural and urban areas should be specified as nonlinear functions of the population in the origin sector, the paper introduces a model in which such flows are represented by gravity-type functional forms....[The model] can be used to give insights into the time paths of three basic urbanization variables: the urban-rural growth rate differential, the rural net outmigration rate, and the urban net immigration rate. All take on a zero value at the two extremes of the urbanization process and evolve in between according to a bell-shaped curve. These findings are illustrated by applying the model to data from the United States for the period 1790-1980."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

53:10614 Mitchelson, Ronald L.; Fisher, James S. Long-distance commuting and population change in Georgia, 1960-80. Growth and Change, Vol. 18, No. 1, Winter 1987. 44-65 pp. Lexington, Kentucky. In Eng.
The authors investigate counter-urbanization and population change in Georgia between 1960 and 1980 by examining commuting patterns. "The immediate objective is to construct the entire set of commuting fields of both large metropolitan areas to metropolitan and nonmetropolitan employment centers. We then proceed to the relationship between commuting from nonmetropolitan areas to all levels of Georgia's urban hierarchy and population change in these nonmetropolitan settings. By matching population growth and decline areas with explicit employment ties...the nature of the population changes is much better understood." Data from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses for 581 Census County Divisions (CCDs) in Georgia are analyzed. It is concluded that "most nonmetropolitan growth taking place in Georgia is associated with intensification of metropolitan commuting fields along with growth of nonmetropolitan centers and their influence along the very periphery of metropolitan spheres of employment influence. However, a significant share of Georgia's nonmetropolitan population revitalization is explained by growth independent of direct metropolitan influence. It would appear then that nonmetropolitan growth centers are an important part of the basis for population decentralization in Georgia. Metropolitan spill-over alone cannot account for counterurbanization on this portion of the American economic landscape."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

53:10615 Singh, J. P. Patterns of rural-urban migration in India. ISBN 81-210-0070-X. 1986. xx, 275 pp. Inter-India Publications: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
A comparative analysis of rural-urban migration in the three Indian states of Bihar, West Bengal, and Kerala is presented. Data are primarily from the 1961 and 1971 censuses. The analysis concentrates on five variables: age, sex, marital status, occupation, and education. The primary conclusion is that regional differences are so great as to preclude the development of a general theory of rural-urban migration for the country as a whole.
Location: New York Public Library.

53:10616 Suwarno, Bambang; Leinbach, Thomas R. Population migration from village to city and opportunities for employment: a survey of three cities in North Sumatra. [Migrasi penduduk desa ke kota dan kesempatan kerja: survey di tiga kota Sumatera Utara.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Vol. 13, No. 25, Jun 1986. xii-xiii, 67-107 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with sum. in Eng.
"This study is concerned with patterns of mobility and employment in North Sumatra Province [Indonesia]. Various forms of population mobility are investigated with a view toward assessing their causes and consequences. In this article, however, we are mainly concerned with rural-urban migration. The analysis is based upon a probability sample of 1,100 households selected from Medan, Pematang Siantar and Tebing Tinggi."
The results indicate that "migration patterns appear quite similar for all three cities. Migrants are reasonably well educated and tended to be young, unmarried and motivated by economic reason. Most migrants come from greater distances, are frequently from urban origin and exhibit diversity of ethnic backgrounds. Those who come to Medan are more certain of a job, because urban informal employment is very significant there. In general, most migrants appear to experience significant gains in their social and economic status subsequent to moving."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10617 Ulack, Richard; Leinbach, Thomas R. Migration and employment in urban Southeast Asia: examples from Indonesia and the Philippines. National Geographic Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, Summer 1985. 310-31 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Migration and employment characteristics are compared for two intermediate-sized cities in Southeast Asia: Cebu, the Philippines, and Medan, Indonesia. Using samples of household interviews as a source of information, the basic characteristics of migrant heads of household in the two cities are examined. In addition the nature of the employment and the search for employment are analyzed and contrasted."
Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.