Volume 53 - Number 1 - Spring 1987

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

53:10001 Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation (Paris, France). Changes or demographic transitions in the contemporary developing world. ORSTOM 1985 demographic workshops, Paris--September 23, 24, and 25, 1985. [Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985.] Colloques et Seminaires, ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. v, 469 pp. Editions de l'ORSTOM: Paris, France. In Fre.
This book contains papers presented at a 1985 meeting on demographic change in developing countries, which was sponsored by the Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTOM) and held in Paris. The objective of the workshops was to bring together demographers from ORSTOM who have been examining demographic change in developing countries as well as demographers in France and other countries who have been working in the same area in order to jointly reflect on the nature and forms of recent changes. Sections are included on concepts and theories, mortality, fertility, migration, and population policy. Summary reports are provided in each section.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10002 Sudoplatov, A.; Salas, R.; Valentei, D.; Horlacher, D.; Ivanov, S.; Kvasha, A. Population and socioeconomic development. 1986. 187 pp. Progress Publishers: Moscow, USSR. In Eng.
This work, jointly prepared by Soviet and United Nations demographers, officials, and administrators, concerns global population issues. "The book analyses theoretical questions of the relationship between social progress and population development, methodological problems in applying the systems approach to interdisciplinary research into demographic processes, and shows the importance of population studies for the theory and practice of planning socio-economic development in the developing countries."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

53:10003 Bernabe Maestre, Jose B. Recent trends in world population: one or several types of demographic transition? [Tendencias recientes en la poblacion mundial: uno o varios tipos de transicion demografica?] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 46, No. 178-179, Feb-May 1985. 83-101 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author reviews the process of demographic transition around the world. Data are from published official sources, primarily those published by the United Nations.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10004 Pressat, Roland. A century of demography at the International Statistical Institute. [Un siecle de demographie a l'Institut international de statistique.] Review of Historical Demography/Communications de Demographie Historique, No. 5, 1986. 54-80 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the evolution of the activities of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) in the field of demography. Phases in the development of the Institute are outlined, and the shifting of certain functions to the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), founded in 1928, is noted. Particular attention is given to significant ISI contributions in several areas of demographic study.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

53:10005 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The demographic transition: stages, forms, and economic implications. A time series study (1720-1984) concerning 67 countries. [La transition demographique: etapes, formes, implications economiques. Etude de series temporelles (1720-1984) relatives a 67 pays.] INED Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 113, ISBN 2-7332-0113-1. 1986. iv, 580 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reexamines the theory of the demographic transition, originally based on the European experience, in the light of recent global demographic developments. In particular, he attempts to present a complete picture of the occurrence of this transition in both time and space, to test its basic premises, and to amend them when necessary. The stages of the transition are first described, with the role of international migration included, and various types of transition are identified. Next, the author attempts to interpret the observed trends, with the emphasis on fertility, and seeks to identify a common denominator for countries entering the period of fertility decline.
The other major section examines the relationship between the demographic transition and modern economic growth. In this section, the transition is considered as an independent variable that can both affect and be affected by economic growth. Overall, the author strives to establish the validity of three concepts basic to the theory of demographic transition: the necessary decline in mortality preceding fertility decline, the existence of two stages in the fertility decline involving a preliminary change in marriage patterns, and the impact of modernization on the unleashing of the fertility decline.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10006 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The original theory of the demographic transition: validity and limits of the models. [La theorie originelle de la transition demographique: validite et limites du modeles.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 7-23 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author assesses the significance and limitations of demographic transition theory, referring to existing literature and using the results of his 1986 study of 67 countries. Evidence is found to support three central postulates of the theory: the initial mortality decline, marriage limitation followed by birth limitation, and the influence of modern economic growth on fertility decline. Three limitations of the original theory are also outlined.
First, according to the author, the notion of pre- and post-transitional equilibriums must be considered in a relative sense. Second, it is noted that the closed framework of transition theory, with international migration excluded, considerably limits the theory's applicability. Finally, the author argues that transition theory is above all a theory of fertility; he asserts that this emphasis on fertility as the dependent variable has obscured the fundamental role of the mortality decline in the transition and has neglected the reverse influence of demographic variables on economic variables.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10007 Clarke, John I. Demographic transition in small countries. Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1982. 1-9 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
The author studies current assumptions pertaining to the demographic transition in small countries. He uses estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census for 1979 and concludes that although smallness of population is not sufficient to ensure rapid transition, it is often associated with factors that are conducive to rapid transition. The geographic focus is on developing countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10008 Courgeau, Daniel. The hypothesis of simultaneous mobility and demographic transitions: has it been verified? [L'hypothese d'une transition dans la mobilite, simultanee a la transition demographique, est-elle verifiee?] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 325-31 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews the hypothesis of the mobility transition set forth by Wilbur Zelinsky in a 1971 study. Three brief critiques of the hypothesis, based on published articles, are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10009 Dangschat, Jens; Friedrichs, Jurgen; Mariak, Volker. A time series analysis of demographic transition in seven European countries and their capital cities. [Eine Zeitreihenanalyse des demographischen Ubergangs in sieben europaischen Landern und deren Hauptstadten.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1986. 363-87 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The authors examine the demographic transition model with regard to seven European countries and their capitals. The focus is on the period from 1820 to 1982. A time series analysis according to the ARIMA model is used. "With regard to the curve trajectories of both birth and death rates, the tree-phased model assumes two structural breaks and trend changes. This was investigated with the aid of the Box-Jenkins method....47 cases showed changes in trend following the direction postulated by the model of demographic transition (France being the exception). The result...is therefore that the model of demographic transition both with regard to the countries and their capitals proved its worth with limitations. In conclusion, the usefulness of the statistical method for testing theories as well as some results referring to individual countries and cities are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10010 de Gans, Henk A. Demographic model populations. [Demografische modelbevolkingen.] Werkstukken van het Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, No. 72, Oct 1984. 52 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Subfakulteit Planologie en Demografie, Vakgroep Demografie: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Dut.
An overview of theoretical population models is presented. Topics covered include stationary and stable population models, average life expectancy and average age, zero population growth, and the net reproduction rate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10011 Frank, Steven A. Individual and population sex allocation patterns. Theoretical Population Biology, Vol. 31, No. 1, Feb 1987. 47-74 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"A variety of sex allocation models is considered in which (i) the reproductive returns on investment in males differ from the returns on investment in females, (ii) the amounts of resources available for reproduction vary in the population, (iii) the costs of making male and female reproductive structures differ, and (iv) the conception sex ratio may be fixed and there may be an initial minimum investment per offspring. Results of these models include quantitative predictions for both individual- and population-level sex allocation, an opportunity to study the magnitude of changes in predicted patterns as key variables change, and therefore an analysis of the robustness of Fisher's equal investment theory."
Author's address: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1048.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10012 Livenais, Patrick. Population theories: a certain continuity in change. [Les theories de la population: une continuite certaine dans le changement.] In: Les changements ou les transitions demographiques dans le monde contemporain en developpement. Journees demographiques de l'ORSTOM 1985 Paris--23, 24 et 25 septembre 1985. ISBN 2-7099-0814-X. 1986. 67-79 pp. Institut Francais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author outlines the history of population theories from the seventeenth century to the present, giving attention to demographic transition theory, the theory of thresholds, and microeconomic theories of fertility. The validity and context of the theories are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10013 Mertens, Walter; Przeworski, Adam; Zemelman, Hugo; Mora y Araujo, Manuel. Theoretical and methodological reflections on population research. [Reflexiones teorico-metodologicas sobre investigaciones en poblacion.] ISBN 968-12-0102-7. 1982. [151] pp. Colegio de Mexico: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
This report is the result of a seminar held in 1976, organized by the Commission on Population and Development of the Latin American Council on the Social Sciences (CLACSO), concerning selected methodological and theoretical aspects of the study of population in Latin America. Four background papers prepared for the seminar deal with recent approaches to the study of Latin American population problems, the relationship between sociological theory and the study of population, problems concerning the measurement of reproductive behavior, and historical perspectives on the convergence between theory and data. The report also includes information on the Commission's work program and the related working groups.
Location: Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, Cambridge, Mass.

53:10014 Wunsch, Guillaume. Causal connections in causal modeling. Departement de Demographie Working Paper, No. 134, ISBN 2-87085-086-7. Aug 1986. 13 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Departement de Demographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Eng.
The author examines theories of causation and their relation to causal modeling in the social sciences. Humean causation, necessary and sufficient causes, the INUS approach, and probabilistic causation are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

53:10015 Bosque Sendra, Joaquin. Mathematical models and theories in population geography. [Modelos y teorias matematicas en geografia de la poblacion.] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 46, No. 178-179, Feb-May 1985. 103-22 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The application of mathematical concepts to the study of population geography is reviewed. Forecasting techniques such as logistic function, multi-regional analysis, and demographic accounting are explained. Consideration is also given to theoretical approaches to the demographic analysis of fertility, mortality, and migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10016 Garcia Ballesteros, Aurora. Population geography in Spain. [La geografia de la poblacion en Espana.] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 46, No. 178-179, Feb-May 1985. 29-47 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The study of population geography in Spain from 1940 to 1984 is reviewed. Available sources of data are described. The changing emphasis of population studies is related to the changes that the country has experienced with regard to political as well as economic and social factors.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10017 Imhof, Arthur E. Statistician, historian--and the others: a chapter of applied Berlin population statistics. [Statistiker, Historiker--und die andern: ein Kapitel angewandter Berliner Bevolkerungsstatistik.] In: Berlin-Forschungen, I, edited by Wolfgang Ribbe. Einzelveroffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission zu Berlin, Vol. 54, ISBN 3-7678-0681-9. 1986. 296-332 pp. Colloquium: Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This paper focuses on the need for interdisciplinary cooperation among statisticians, historians, and other types of researchers. The benefits of such cooperation are illustrated using historical demographic data for Berlin. The data are from eighteenth- and nineteenth-century parish registers as well as other sources. Topics discussed include mortality and age at death, causes of death, infant mortality, life expectancy, the epidemiological transition, and one-person households. Some brief comparisons are also made with recent data for Brazil.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10018 Puyol Antolin, Rafael. Population geography in search of signs of its identity. [La geografia de la poblacion a la busqueda de sus senas de identidad.] Estudios Geograficos, Vol. 46, No. 178-179, Feb-May 1985. 49-60 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Some conceptual problems concerning the study of population geography in Spain are reviewed. The results of a general survey of geography departments in Spanish universities with regard to the teaching of population geography are summarized.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

53:10019 Trebici, Vladimir; Ghinoiu, Ion. Demography and ethnography. [Demografie si etnografie.] 1986. 325 pp. Editura Stiintifica si Enciclopedica: Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
This book is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the population of Romania. The first part is demographic, and includes chapters on recent population trends, the demographic transition, marriage and the family life cycle, national and regional demographic models, rural population trends, and the peasant population in the process of change. The ethnographic part includes sections on births, marriage and the family, and deaths.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

53:10020 Locoh, Therese; Gbenyon, Kuakuvi; Vignikin, Kokou. Understanding population problems. [Comprendre les problemes de population.] Etudes Togolaises de Population, No. 1, 1984. 72, [5] pp. Universite du Benin, Unite de Recherche Demographique: Lome, Togo. In Fre.
This is an introductory textbook to the study of demography designed for use in Togo. It deals with population issues at the global, African, and Togolese levels. Chapters are included on how human activities can influence mortality, fertility, and migration; and on the relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10021 Merrick, Thomas W. Teaching applied demography. Teaching Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr 1986. 102-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this paper, I examine the training needs of applied demography and suggest how demography courses and programs can better meet the needs of applied demography students. After defining applied demography, I discuss the topics that applied demography courses might cover, how to structure a program in applied demography, and available and needed teaching resources." The emphasis is on the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10022 Pavlik, Zdenek; Rychtarikova, Jitka; Subrtova, Alena. Principles of demography. [Zaklady demografie.] 1986. 732 pp. Academia Praha: Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze.
This is a general textbook on demography. It is concerned with population dynamics in general, with particular reference to Czechoslovakia. The first part is concerned with theory and examines the place of demography in the social sciences, the areas of demographic research, and the construction of demographic indices for demographic analysis. The second part deals with the analysis of the process of population reproduction and includes sections on mortality and morbidity; marriage, divorce, and fertility; the characteristics of natural reproduction; and population estimates and projections.
The third part examines the factors affecting population dynamics, including spatial distribution and migration. The fourth part examines recent population trends in the world and Czechoslovakia. A final part deals with population theory and policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10023 Peru. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CNP] (Lima, Peru). Communication in population in Peru: balance and perspectives. The mandate and conclusions of the First National Seminar on Communication in Population, held in Lima, November 1984. [Comunicacion en poblacion en el Peru: balance y perspectivas. Ponencias y conclusiones del Primer Seminario Nacional de Comunicacion en Poblacion, realizado en Lima en noviembre de 1984.] 1985. 143 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of a seminar on population information, held in Peru in 1984. The first part concerns the role of information and communications in the development of a national population policy. Sections are also included on the role of population information in the educational program, the health program, and the information programs of various national institutions. The final part presents two reports prepared by Unesco and a basic bibliography.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10024 Poston, Dudley L.; Sullivan, Teresa A. Developing demographic literacy and evaluation skills: techniques for the introductory demography course. Teaching Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr 1986. 83-91 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The paper describes several techniques and exercises useful in teaching demography as an analytic discipline. Demographic literacy and data interpretation and evaluation skills are stressed. An introduction to the John Graunt orientation helps sensitize students to the need for solid demographic data. Having students determine who qualifies as a Mexican-American and having them determine how many illegal aliens exist help build data scrutiny skills. Exercises employing different rates and life tables help to introduce demographic techniques. The County Demographic Profile and the Policy Simulation help integrate knowledge and skills gained." The focus is on the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

53:10025 Ramakumar, R.; Gopal, Y. S. Technical demography. ISBN 0-85226-743-6. 1986. viii, 219, [4] pp. Wiley Eastern: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book is an introduction to the mathematical aspects of demographic measurement and analysis. The focus is on mathematical terminology and technical demography as a branch of applied mathematics; no numerical examples are provided. The book is designed primarily as a textbook for postgraduate courses in demography.
Chapters are included on age-sex composition, rates, population growth, mortality, life tables, the construction of life tables, fertility, nuptiality, population structure, projections, censuses, vital statistics, and data quality.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

53:10026 Weeks, John R. Teaching international demography. Teaching Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr 1986. 92-101 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"I describe a course on international demography in this paper. The course enables students to use demographic concepts to understand the demographics of various countries and regions. The course involves an introduction, examination of specific geographic regions, and a concluding overview. I also describe several student projects and review available course materials."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

Copyright © 1987-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.