Volume 52 - Number 4 - Winter 1986

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

52:40738 Avramov, Dragana. Educational attainment of Yugoslav women. [Obrazovanje: pokazatelj drustvene afirmacije zena u Jugoslaviji.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 22-23, No. 1-4, Jan-Dec 1984-1985. 92-8 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The author presents data indicating that women have not shared in the overall increase in educational attainment in Yugoslavia in the 1970s and 1980s. Regional differences and the relationship between educational attainment and employment status are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40739 Bianchi, Suzanne M.; Spain, Daphne. American women in transition. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, ISBN 0-87154-111-4. LC 85-62809. 1986. xxii, 286 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study, undertaken for the National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census, is the first in a planned series of volumes presenting analyses of the data from the 1980 U.S. census. The authors combine 1980 census data with data from previous censuses and national surveys to describe the changes affecting American women over the past 30 years, particularly their move from the home to the labor force and from traditional family life to the realms of work and higher education.
The authors "document women's increasing educational attainment and labor force participation, their continued commitment to marriage and family, and the 'balancing act' necessitated by this overlap of roles. Pointing to the lack of affordable child care and women's lower earning power, the authors describe the current realities of women's lives in a society that has not yet adapted to their changing status."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40740 Centro de Estudios de Poblacion y Paternidad Responsable [CEPAR] (Quito, Ecuador). Ecuador: a statistical compendium on women. [Ecuador: compendio estadistico sobre la mujer.] Jul 1985. 97 pp. Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
This presentation of statistics on Ecuadorian women between 1950 and 1982 is based on information assembled from censuses and special reports. Data are included on population, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, reproductive preferences, knowledge of contraceptive methods, breast-feeding, use of mother and infant health care facilities, education, economic activity, and population projections to the year 2000.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40741 Petersen, Jorn H. Old-age pensions, fertility behavior, and intergenerational transfers. [Alderspensionering, befolkningsudvikling og omfordeling mellem generationerne.] Nationalokonomisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 123, No. 3, 1985. 298-318 pp. Copenhagen, Denmark. In Dan. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper presents rough estimates of the expected development of a hypothetical 'pension tax rate' caused by the fertility behaviour of the Danish population. Various measures of the change of the tax rate from 1984 to 2024 are calculated. Having demonstrated the empirical relevance of the problem of intergenerational redistribution the paper develops the consequences of a change of behaviour concerning fertility and labour force participation rates within a simplified model. It is illustrated how a change of behaviour influences the relation between the actual and the actuarial pensions for succeeding generations."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:40742 Sadik, Nafis. Integration of women in population and development programmes. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, Sep 1986. 3-20 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
The author reviews the conceptual issues involved in discussing women and development and the socioeconomic and demographic factors linked to the status of women. Tabular data are included on the effect of women's education on infant mortality and fertility in 41 developing countries, the distribution of the female economically active population of the world by economic sector and geographic area in 1970, and the correlation between infant mortality and selected socioeconomic measures in 99 developing countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40743 Schapiro, Morton O.; Ahlburg, Dennis A. Why crime is down. American Demographics, Vol. 8, No. 10, Oct 1986. 56-8 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The relationship between demographic trends and U.S. crime rates is examined. The authors suggest that crime rates are declining and will continue to do so because of the decline in the population of males aged 15-29.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40744 Shanawany, Haifaa. Women in development: issues with demographic implication. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 15, 1986. 285-306 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author discusses the gap between legislation and practice in improving the status of women in developing countries. Situations in the areas of employment, education, political and civil rights, and marriage and family are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40745 Tu, Jow-ching. Population change and social organization. Journal of Population Studies, No. 9, Jun 1986. 25-34 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper examines the effect of demographic changes on social organizations. Due to data availability, this study applies stable population theory to the situation of the United States."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

52:40746 Ehrlich, Paul R.; Ehrlich, Anne H. Ecology of nuclear war: population, resources, environment. In: Nuclear weapons and the future of humanity, edited by A. Cohen and S. Lee. 1986. 85-101 pp. Rowman and Allanheld: Totowa, New Jersey. In Eng.
"In the first part of this essay, we briefly describe the global population-resource-environment predicament and consider ways in which heightening international tensions arising from it might increase the chances of war. While this global predicament has developed, with its underlying sources of conflict, war itself has become increasingly deadly....In the second part of this chapter, therefore, we look at the devastating ecological consequences of a nuclear war and their impacts on the plight and the prospects of the human survivors."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40747 Pilliard, J. P. Patterns and forms of immigrant participation and representation at the local and national levels in Western (Continental) Europe. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/ Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 2, Jun 1986. 501-13 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author presents an overview of political participation by immigrants in selected Western European countries since 1974. Attention is given to participation in national and local elections and to the roles of international organizations, consultative bodies, and foreigners' associations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40748 Saunders, John. Population growth in Latin America and U.S. national security. ISBN 0-04-497002-1. LC 86-7970. 1986. xxvii, 305 pp. Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
This collection of 12 studies by various authors is the product of a symposium held at Mississippi State University in February 1985 to examine the implications of future population trends in Latin America for the security of the United States. Five papers are concerned with demographic issues; the prospects for fertility reduction, labor absorption, emigration, food supply, and socioeconomic development are considered. Five papers focus on the consequences of these trends for the United States. In two introductory papers, political issues for both Latin America and the United States are discussed.
Location: New York Public Library.

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

52:40749 Bednyi, M. S. Demographic factors of health. [Demograficheskie faktory zdorov'ya.] LC 85-103555. 1984. 243 pp. Finansy i Statistika: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This monograph is concerned with such problems as longevity and the health of couples from a systems analysis point of view. It shows the relationship between the number of children in a family, the health of parents, and the availability of medical services. The author recommends ways of improving demographic processes and the health of the population. The geographic focus is on the USSR.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:40750 Bucquet, Denis; Curtis, Sarah. Socio-demographic variation in perceived illness and the use of primary care: the value of community survey data for primary care service planning. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 7, 1986. 737-44 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Data from a sample of 1,145 adults aged 16 and over residing in London, England, are used to focus on "social variation in perception of illness and on the response in seeking medical care in general practice." Percentages of respondents to the Nottingham Health Profile reporting six types of illness are presented by sex and manual or nonmanual occupational class.
"The results show that certain aspects of morbidity vary according to social group more markedly than other aspects, and that some dimensions of self reported morbidity are predictive of recent consultation reported by the respondents." The implications for health services planning are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:40751 Giridhar, G.; Satia, J. K. Planning for service delivery at health centres: an experiment. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, Jun 1986. 39-56 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This paper contains highlights of an experiment conducted in a district of Rajasthan State [India] in order to verify the feasibility of developing and institutionalising an internal planning system that would improve the performance of primary health centres that deliver maternal and child health and family planning services."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40752 Karefa-Smart, John. Health and family planning in Africa. Populi, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1986. 20-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
An overview of African needs in health and family planning services is presented. The emphasis is on the development of appropriate policies for the establishment of such services.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40753 Stillman, Robert J.; Rosenberg, Michael J.; Sachs, Benjamin P. Smoking and reproduction. Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 46, No. 4, Oct 1986. 545-66 pp. Birmingham, Alabama. In Eng.
The effect of smoking on reproductive health is examined. The authors "address the evidence for and possible causes of a perturbation of physiologic characteristics in three major areas of reproduction: female fertility, male fertility, and the effect of smoking in pregnancy."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

52:40754 Rajanikumari, J.; Rao, T. Venkateswara. Selection intensities in menopausal and permanent contraceptor women of a rural population in India. Social Biology, Vol. 33, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1986. 127-30 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"The opportunity for selection was estimated in the rural population of Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The index of total selection was found to be low. Selection in relation to birth control reveals that opportunity for selection is lower among the women who completed their fertility by family planning methods than in women who completed their fertility by attaining menopause. Further, the results showed that differential fertility and mortality make equal contributions to the total measure of selection in both groups."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.