Volume 52 - Number 4 - Winter 1986

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

52:40049 Cocks, K. D.; Walker, P. A. Estimating proximate populations for an extensive set of locations in Australia. Australian Geographer, Vol. 16, No. 4, Nov 1985. 295-300 pp. North Ryde, Australia. In Eng.
"The paper reports the use of Australian Resources Information System to calculate two proximate populations (people living within (i) 150 and (ii) 500 km) for the centroids of each of 3,000 half by half degree geodetic grid cells covering Australia. The use of proximate population data is exemplified by computing a map of the eighteen regions collectively containing a maximum fraction of the Australian population." The data used are from the 1981 census.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:40050 Gonzalez van Domselaar, Zunilda; Kollman de Curutchet, Marta; Combetto de Bariffi, Argelia; Radrizzani de Enriquez, Mabel. Population, regional imbalances, and the process of urbanization. [La poblacion, los desequilibrios regionales y el proceso de urbanizacion.] Serie Cuadernos de Geografia, No. 13, 1983. 57 pp. Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Filosofia y Letras, Instituto de Geografia R. Adissone: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
An analysis of population dynamics in Argentina is presented. The history of the distribution of the population is first described. Next, the components of current rates of population growth are analyzed, with emphasis on differences among regions. Separate consideration is given to regional differences in urbanization levels and their causes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40051 Hart, John F. Facets of the geography of population in the Midwest. Journal of Geography, Vol. 85, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1986. 201-11 pp. Macomb, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper explores four selected facets of the geography of population in the [U.S.] Midwest that are related to the movement of people: (1) the spread of occupance across the land; (2) the growth of the population of counties once they had been occupied; (3) the distribution of the foreign-born population; and (4) the distribution of retired people who have migrated after they have retired."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:40052 Humphrey, John W. Geographic analysis of Singapore's population. Census Monograph, No. 5, ISBN 9971-914-20-4. 1985. xv, 195 pp. Department of Statistics: Singapore. In Eng.
The purposes of this monograph are to describe the various geographic distributions of the population of Singapore using data from the 1980 census and to examine the origin and development of these spatial patterns. An attempt is also made to project these patterns into the future based on current policies and trends. The first two chapters describe population trends up to 1980. Next, population distribution in 1980 is outlined and the demographic characteristics of the population are analyzed. Chapters are also included on literacy, education, and economic characteristics; and on housing and household patterns.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40053 Rees, Philip. Developments in the modelling of spatial populations. In: Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography, edited by Robert Woods and Philip Rees. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. 97-125 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews "developments in spatial population modelling since the late 1970s." He describes the component variables used in multi-regional population analyses, explains how the components of change are formulated, discusses the measurement of demographic rates and their use in population models, and reviews the modeling of these rates. He also discusses the need for household analysis and outlines three of the methods to achieve it: the headship rate method, the household transition matrix method, and the household composition method.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40054 Sundaram, K. V.; Nangia, Sudesh. Population geography. Contributions to Indian Geography, No. 6, 1985. x, 400 pp. Heritage Publishers: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book contains 16 papers by various authors on aspects of population geography in India. Topics covered include population distribution and growth; the development of economic regions; urban population growth, 1901-1971; sex ratio; a demographic profile of metropolitan hinterlands; religion; scheduled castes and tribes; literacy; agricultural and nonagricultural employment in rural areas; internal migration; seasonal migration; rural-urban relationships; and the delineation of urban boundaries. The book is designed as a textbook for postgraduate students in the social sciences.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40055 Tsai, Hsung-Hsiung. To achieve a rational distribution of population: the experience of Taiwan. Industry of Free China, Vol. 65, No. 3, Mar 1986. 13-30 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
This paper is concerned with the spatial distribution of the population in Taiwan and in particular with the reasons that the population has not become as concentrated in the major urban centers during the course of rapid economic growth since World War II as it has in some other Asian countries. Trends in spatial distribution over the past 30 years are first described. The policies that have indirectly affected these trends are then considered. Finally, policies that were specifically designed to influence population distribution are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:40056 Woods, Robert; Rees, Philip. Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. xxii, 417 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
This volume is a collection of papers on spatial demography. "The term 'spatial demography' is used here in its broader sense to refer to the spatial analysis of past, present and future population systems and structures. 'Spatial demography' is both a member of the demography family and a close relative of population geography." Part 1 deals with spatial variations in demographic structures. Part 2 covers modeling and forecasting, and Part 3 is concerned with the reconstruction, estimation, and evaluation of demographic patterns.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40057 Woods, Robert. Spatial and temporal patterns. In: Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography, edited by Robert Woods and Philip Rees. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. 7-20 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The author discusses some of the objectives, methods, and problems of spatial demography. Examples of recent demographic research are used to illustrate two methodological levels--pattern description and multivariate analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

52:40058 Boleda, Mario. Regional urban stability and economic development. The cases of Latin America (1940-1970) and Argentina (1947-1980). [Estabilidad urbana regional y desarrollo economico. Los casos de America Latina (1940-1970) y Argentina (1947-1980).] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 14, No. 41, Aug 1986. 83-112 pp. San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between urban stability and socioeconomic development in Latin America is examined. The author discusses methods of examining this relationship developed by Jorge E. Hardoy. Some problems with this methodology are identified, which, when corrected, mean that the association between urban stability and development indicators disappears. The data are for the period 1940-1970, supplemented by data from Argentina for the period 1947-1980.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40059 Congdon, P.; Shepherd, J. Modelling population changes in small English urban areas. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 18, No. 10, Oct 1986. 1,297-322 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors examine processes underlying the growth of small urban areas in England. "There is evidence of 'people-led' growth in environmentally attractive locations (for example, through retirement migration). However, growth of small- and medium-sized towns also reflects employment decentralisation and deconcentration to freestanding or satellite towns, and the extension of commuter hinterlands....Government policies encouraging growth are also demonstrated to be significant."
The processes resulting in population decline in some small towns are identified. "The impact on modelling growth in urban areas of a diversity of causal processes and locational contexts for growth is considered."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:40060 Craig, John. The most densely populated areas of England and Wales. Population Trends, No. 45, Autumn 1986. 34-41 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Local authorities [in England and Wales] are too large a unit to define the most densely populated localities satisfactorily. So in this article aggregations of wards and of 5km sided grid squares are used. The topics examined include the extent, and shape, of the high density localities; their populations and hence the most populous areas; the comparative variations as the size of the localities is enlarged--including changes in population numbers with distance and the concept of population potential as a summary measure. The changes between 1971 and 1981 in the population of these areas are also examined."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40061 Dominican Republic. Oficina Nacional de Planificacion (Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic). The process of urbanization in the Dominican Republic. [El proceso de urbanizacion en la Republica Dominicana.] Nov 1983. 109 pp. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In Spa.
The process of urbanization in the Dominican Republic is analyzed. The first chapter presents a quantitative analysis of urbanization since 1920 using census data. The second chapter is concerned with the relationship between urbanization and economic development. The third deals with the role of urban centers in the settlement structure of the country. A final chapter considers urban policy questions.
Location: Cornell University Libraries, John M. Olin Library, Ithaca, N.Y.

52:40062 Gomez Mendoza, Antonio; Luna Rodrigo, Gloria. Urban development in Spain, 1860-1930. [El desarrollo urbano en Espana, 1860-1930.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 4, No. 2, Jul 1986. 3-22 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Trends in urbanization in Spain between 1860 and 1930 are analyzed. Data are from the Geographical and Tax Institute and concern selected census years. Consideration is given to trends in rural-urban migration and to regional differences in the rate of urbanization over time.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40063 Hamer, Andrew M.; Steer, Andrew D.; Williams, David G. Indonesia: the challenge of urbanization. World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 787, ISBN 0-8213-0688-X. LC 85-29537. 1986. vi, 89 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors note that "Indonesia's urban population is growing rapidly. Almost 40 million residents will be added to its cities in the last two decades of the century. This growth is the outcome of millions of individual household and business decisions. It is best managed indirectly, through improved national sectoral and urban management policies. Suggested policy modifications are included in the text. Direct interventions to contain city size or redirect migration are usually inefficient and counterproductive; most such initiatives should thus be avoided."
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

52:40064 Henderson, John V. International experience in urbanization and its relevance for China. World Bank Staff Working Papers, No. 758, ISBN 0-8213-0708-8. LC 86-1555. 1986. 100 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper examines some of the options for future urbanization in China in the light of international experience. The paper identifies common features of the urban sector across countries, describing trade relations and production patterns among cities in an economy and their relationships to city size distributions, location of economic activity, and regional development. The relationships between economic development, urbanization, industrialization, centralization, and urban concentration are also examined. The paper then describes the major features of industrial location and urbanization in China and their relationship to past policies."
Consideration is given to "both direct urban and location policies and the indirect effects on urbanization and location of state pricing policies, price subsidies and state allocation policies for resources and goods subject to mandatory planning. Finally, the paper outlines some of the options for future urbanization in China, distinguishing between an option that allows for more rational spatial patterns of investment and location of firms, without a change in population allocation, and an option that, in addition, permits varying degrees of population mobility."
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

52:40065 Hoekveld, G. A. The urbanization concept in the geography of Western Countries. [Het urbanisatiebegrip in de geografie der westerse landen.] Geografisch Tijdschrift, Vol. 19, No. 5, 1985. 427-41 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author begins by describing the problems caused by the different meanings given to commonly used terms in urbanization research by scholars in different Western countries. The causes of such differences are sought in the varying experiences of countries with regard to such phenomena as suburbanization, counter-urbanization, and the migration turnaround. The author suggests that future studies of such questions should take into consideration the concept of an overall national settlement system.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:40066 Katz, Yossi. Ideology and urban development: Zionism and the origins of Tel-Aviv, 1906-1914. Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 12, No. 4, Oct 1986. 402-24 pp. New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"This account will trace the process of founding Tel-Aviv [Israel] and its early development as a western suburb arising near the old town of Jaffa, and will discuss the unique character of Tel-Aviv in the general context of the establishment of European suburbs that grew into modern towns beside the old coast towns in the Middle East at the close of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century."
In addition, the author "will examine Tel-Aviv in a general context of processes of westernization of frontier territories and the influence of Tel-Aviv on the traditional environment--Jaffa--and will compare the processes of urban modernization promoted by the founders of Tel-Aviv, a western population growing up in the traditional environment, with parallel processes experienced by the urban population of Jaffa, the Arab population, at the same time and later."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:40067 Ledent, Jacques; Rogers, Andrei. Assessing the United Nations urbanization projections for the Asian Pacific. In: Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography, edited by Robert Woods and Philip Rees. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. 367-89 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
"The fundamental question addressed in this chapter is the reasonableness of available projections of urbanization, such as those recently published by the United Nations....Drawing on simple models of urban and rural population dynamics, we propose two alternative methods for assessing projected urbanization paths in terms of their underlying assumptions. One focuses on the implied rural-urban migration flows, whereas the other emphasizes the association between urbanization and economic development." The case of the Asian Pacific region is given as an example.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40068 Lungu, Gheorghe; Dinu, Elena. Urban population trends during the five year plan 1981-1985. [Evolutia populatiei urbane in cincinalul 1981-1985.] Revista de Statistica, Vol. 35, No. 7, Jul 1986. 24-6 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
A review of trends in urbanization in Romania between 1981 and 1985 is presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40069 Madden, Moss; Batey, Peter. A demographic-economic model of a metropolis. In: Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography, edited by Robert Woods and Philip Rees. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. 273-97 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The authors propose an input-output approach to demographic-economic modeling of an urban area "in which employment, unemployment and industrial output are all treated endogenously....An operational version of the model is presented and examples are described of its use in impact analysis and forecasting in the Merseyside metropolitan area in North-West England....Some of the ways in which this model can be further refined and extended are examined."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40070 Majakos, Romolo. Historical and demographic aspects of urbanization in Greece. [Aspetti storico-demografici dell'urbanizzazione in Grecia.] Studi di Demografia, No. 21, 1983. 89-147 pp. Bari, Italy. In Ita.
Official Greek data obtained from the University of Bologna's Center of International Statistical Documentation are analyzed in regard to Greek urbanization during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Chapters are included on urban spatial distribution; the urban agglomerates of Athens, Salonika, and the newer centers of Patras, Herakleion, and Larissa; and urban demographic developments in relation to other developments in Greece.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40071 Mills, Edwin S.; Becker, Charles M.; Verma, Satyendra. Studies in Indian urban development. ISBN 0-19-520507-3. LC 86-2489. 1986. viii, 214 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England; World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The chapters in this book report research sponsored by the World Bank on urban development in India. Their purpose is to provide a broad framework of historical, international, and regional findings within which a wide range of issues related to Indian urbanization can be studied." Chapters are included on the relationship between urbanization and economic development, the historical analysis of Indian urbanization, city sizes and city growth, urbanization and productivity, and income distribution.
A chapter on attempts by the government of India to alter city sizes is also included as well as a chapter on urbanization and city characteristics in Madhya Pradesh.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40072 Nassef, Abdel-Fattah. Trends and prospects of urbanization in Egypt. In: Studies in African and Asian demography: CDC annual seminar, 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 15, 1986. 177-212 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The first part [of this paper] is concerned with trends of urbanization [in Egypt], including the national and regional levels of urbanization, components of urban growth, the structural patterns of urbanization, and the underlying factors for these trends. The second part presents the results of projecting urban and rural population up to the year 2001." Three methods are applied to obtain the urban and rural projections from total population projections: the rural growth rate method, the ratio method, and the U.N. method of urban-rural growth difference.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40073 Payne, Michael R.; Kripalani, G. K. Urban bias in economic development policies and its implications for urbanization in India. In: American Statistical Association, 1985 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1985]. 200-4 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors use an open economy three-sector general equilibrium growth model to study the impact of agricultural development policies on urbanization in India.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40074 Potter, Robert B. Urbanisation and planning in the 3rd world: spatial perceptions and public participation. ISBN 0-312-83497-7. LC 85-10924. 1985. xx, 284 pp. St. Martin's Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
Questions related to urbanization and planning in developing countries are examined. Following an analysis of the present urban planning process, the author presents the argument for more public involvement in this process. He concludes that such involvement would provide a more sensitive approach to planning tailored to local needs. The book begins with a review of world urbanization trends. It concludes with case studies of urban planning in Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40075 Qutub, S. A.; Richardson, H. W. The costs of urbanization: a case study of Pakistan. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 18, No. 8, Aug 1986. 1,089-113 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A methodology is developed for estimating the aggregate costs of urbanization in Pakistan for 1983-2003. These costs are then compared with the future investment resource pool, and are found to be larger than the total pool. Alternative policy solutions to alleviate the problem are explored. Although some capital-saving strategies (such as major public works programs in rural areas and labor-intensive employment policies) would be helpful, it will be impossible to avoid a substantial rise in the proportion of the urban population without services from about one quarter to about one half of the total. The paper concludes with suggestions for refining the methodology in future studies."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:40076 Rossi, Angelo. Urban decentralization in Switzerland. [La decentralisation urbaine en Suisse.] Collection Villes, Regions et Societes, ISBN 2-88074-015-4. 1983. 196 pp. Presses Polytechniques Romandes: Lausanne, Switzerland. In Fre.
The author reviews urban trends in Switzerland since World War II. It is noted that there has been a general movement of population away from the major urban centers to the peripheral regions. Following a description of this process, the implications for urban policy are considered. The relationship between urban population change and economic development is discussed, and changes in the employment picture are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40077 Sigov, I. I. Urbanization and the development of cities in the USSR. [Urbanizatsiya i razvitie gorodov v SSSR.] LC 85-170870. 1985. 255 pp. Izdatel'stvo Nauka, Leningradskoe Otdelenie: Leningrad, USSR. In Rus.
This monograph is the result of a joint effort by a group of economists, geographers, philosophers, sociologists, architects, and mathematicians. They attempt to develop a theory of urbanization as a historically determined form of spatial organization of society. The theory is used to analyze trends and prospects for urban economic, social, and spatial development in the USSR. The monograph also includes recommendations aimed at improving the location of industries, population settlements, and the environmental aspects of human activities in cities.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:40078 Singh, Tara D. Spatial patterns of population in the cities of Uttar Pradesh: India. LC 85-903125. 1985. xix, 256 pp. Tara Book Agency: Varanasi, India. In Eng.
Urban trends in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh are analyzed. Data are from a variety of sources, including the Indian census. An outline of the region's urbanization history is first presented. Chapters are then included on urban population growth and age and sex structure, population distribution, and socioeconomic structure of the population. A final chapter attempts to present plans for rational urban development in the state up to the year 2001.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40079 Smith, David A. Urbanization in the world economy: a cross-national and historical-structural analysis. Pub. Order No. DA8415863. 1984. 334 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This thesis argues that a political economy of the world-system perspective provides a useful theoretical approach for comparative urban research....Although this research contains two distinct methodological strands, with one emphasizing cross-national statistical designs and the other historical-structural case studies, the results are complementary. They point to a theoretical model of urban development in which an areas's initial incorporation into and changing role within the modern world-system are paramount."
Regression analysis is used to examine the relationship between a nation's role in the world economy and measures of national and urban development. "An overview of city growth in West Africa and East Asia is presented. In order to explore the effects of 'dependent development'...Nigeria and South Korea are selected out for deviant case analysis. The findings highlight the importance which the timing and mode of incorporation into the world economy, as well as the indigenous level of development up to that point, have on subsequent urban trajectories...."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 45(6).

52:40080 Tan, K. C. Small towns in Chinese urbanization. Geographical Review, Vol. 76, No. 3, Jul 1986. 265-75 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the revitalization of small towns in China since the late 1970s and the ensuing increases in employment and in capital for rural development. "The purpose of this article is to examine the effect of this transformation on rapid urbanization and to discuss problems and prospects of small towns as designated growth poles in the urban geography of China." The importance of government policies supporting the growth of small towns is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:40081 Titus, M. J. Urbanization, integration, and demographic response in Jakarta: an empirical search for the urban role in modernization, 1961-1976. [Urbanisatie, integratie en demografische respons in Jakarta: een empirisch onderzoek naar de stedelijke moderniseringsrol in de periode 1961-1976.] Nederlandse Geografische Studies, No. 3, ISBN 90-6809-012-7. 1985. 378 pp. Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap: Amsterdam, Netherlands; Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, Geografisch Instituut: Utrecht, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The relationships among urbanization, socioeconomic integration, and the demographic response are analyzed for the Indonesian city of Jakarta. The author takes a critical approach to the modernization theory of third world urbanization and focuses on the impact of urbanization on the demographic behavior of migrants to the city. The analysis is both at the macro-level, using a variety of secondary sources containing official data, and the micro-level, using data from a survey of 1,468 randomly selected households.
The study includes a review of the relevance of various theories of fertility transition to the case under study. The author critically assesses most theories of the demographic transition. However, the approach of Caldwell, involving the infusion of Western values and changing relations of production, is more favorably evaluated. The importance of different levels of fertility in relation to different levels of socioeconomic integration is stressed.
This study is available from NGS, Weteringschans 12, 1017 SG Amsterdam, the Netherlands, at a price of Df1. 39.50.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40082 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Population growth and policies in mega-cities: Bombay. Population Policy Paper, No. 6; ST/ESA/SER.R/67, 1986. vii, 37 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series concerning population policies and planning in the mega-cities of the developing world. The focus is on policies designed to improve the standard of living and quality of life of the inhabitants of the world's largest cities. The present study is concerned with the metropolitan region of Bombay, India. The papers in the series are in a common format: they include chapters on demographic characteristics, the economy, decentralization and location, issues and sectors, and resources and management.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40083 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Population growth and policies in mega-cities: Delhi. Population Policy Paper, No. 7; ST/ESA/SER.R/68, 1986. vii, 38 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series concerning population policies and planning issues in the mega-cities of the developing world. The focus is on policies designed to improve the quality of life and standard of living of the inhabitants of the world's largest cities. This study concerns Delhi, the capital of India. A chapter is included on the city's demographic characteristics, including population growth, migration, and population projections.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40084 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Population growth and policies in mega-cities: metro Manila. Population Policy Paper, No. 5; ST/ESA/SER.R/65, 1986. viii, 50 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series concerning population policies and planning in the mega-cities of the developing world. The focus is on policies designed to improve the standard of living and quality of life of the inhabitants of the world's largest cities. The present study is concerned with the metropolitan region of Manila, capital of the Philippines. The papers in the series are in a common format: they include chapters on demographic characteristics, the economy, decentralization and location, issues and sectors, and resources and management.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40085 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]. Population Division. Clearing-House and Information Section. (Bangkok, Thailand). Urbanization in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP Population Bibliographic Series, No. 5, 1985. v, 213 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is an annotated bibliography containing 529 entries for works published since 1980 on urbanization in Asia and the Pacific. The entries are drawn from several contributing bibliographic data bases. "The bibliography reflects an extensive amount of data and literature on the processes and patterns of urbanization, their growth and causes, procedures to survey and estimate urban growth rates, policy recommendations, and government intervention programmes including policy formulation and implementation....Each entry includes five major bibliographic elements: author, corporate body, title, source and abstract (if available)." Author, geographic, and subject indexes are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40086 Wane, A. A. Oumar. Urban growth in Senegal: urbanization and the spread of Dakar. [La croissance urbaine au Senegal: urbanisation et extension de Dakar.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 13, No. 52, 1985. 553-80 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Trends in urbanization in Senegal are described. The predominance of the capital, Dakar, is noted. The history of attempts to control the growth of Dakar from colonial times to the present is outlined. The author notes that the country's development strategy has been focused on giving priority to the capital at the expense of the rest of the country and that the country's urban imbalance is a consequence of such policies.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

52:40087 Wood, Charles H.; McCracken, Stephen D. Underdevelopment, urban growth and collective social action in Sao Paulo, Brazil. In: The economic demography of mass poverty, edited by Berhanu Abegaz. Studies in Third World Societies, No. 29, LC 85-073339. Sep 1986. 101-40 pp. College of William and Mary, Department of Anthropology: Williamsburg, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors address a number of "philosophical and substantive issues concerning the nature of the urban labor market in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The historical roots, the structure of inequality, and the responses of the working class to urban underdevelopment are explored in a framework which specifies the nature of the social constraints within which various groups attempt to ensure their survival and growth."
Sections are included on capital accumulation, migration, and urban growth; underdevelopment, labor absorption, and income; and the demographic cost of urban underdevelopment in terms of infant and child mortality.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40088 Zheng, Guizhen; Guo, Shenyang; Zhang, Yunfan; Wang, Jufen. A study on the floating population of Shanghai City proper. Population Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, Apr 1986. 15-22 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The authors examine aspects of the floating population of Shanghai, China, which they define as "those who reside within the jurisdiction of Shanghai urban districts and engage themselves in social and economic activities but who are not registered as permanent residents of Shanghai." An attempt is made to estimate the size and composition of the population, reasons for coming to Shanghai, length of residence, and distribution among the city's districts. The impact on economic development and urban construction is also considered.
This is a translation of the Chinese article in Renkou Yanjiu (Beijing, China), No. 3, 1985 (see Population Index 52:30621).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

52:40089 Pavlovic, Ugljesa. Changes in agricultural households in the Socialist Republic of Serbia. [Tendencija u kretanju broja poljoprivrednih domacinstava u SR Srbiji.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 20-21, No. 1-4, Jan-Dec 1982-1983. 76-84 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
Changes in the agricultural population of Serbia, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in the post-World War II period are outlined. The data are primarily from the 1960 and 1969 censuses. The focus is on households in rural areas that are involved in agriculture.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.