Volume 52 - Number 4 - Winter 1986

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

52:40001 Belbeoch, Olivier; Charbit, Yves; Faron, Olivier; Magescas, Jean-Bernard; Mata, Carmen. World population: towards stabilization in the twenty-first century? [La population mondiale: vers une stabilisation au XXIe siecle?] Notes et Etudes Documentaires, No. 4806, 1986. 143 pp. Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of global population trends is presented in this special issue. The emphasis is on prospects for growth up to the end of this century and the reasons for the apparent slowdown in the rate of growth. The first article summarizes the history of world population growth to the present. Articles are also included on spatial distribution, migration, mortality, fertility, age structure, and population policy. The issue concludes with a summary of the International Conference on Population held in Mexico in 1984.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

52:40002 Bourgeois-Pichat, Jean. New frontiers in demography. [Nuevas fronteras de la demografia.] CELADE Serie E, No. 30; LC/DEM/G.22, Oct 1985. 163 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This publication contains summaries of six conference sessions, held in Santiago, Chile, August 29-September 5, 1984. Session topics include a review of previous works designed to examine mortality development and trends in developing countries, particularly Latin America; new technological advances for extending human life; the financing of retirement funds; the biological limits of human life, including projections, with a focus on developed countries; energy and population, including industrialization, urbanization, and agricultural development; and a fundamental equation of population dynamics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40003 Srb, V.; Kucera, M. Trends of world demographic development. [Tendence demografickeho vyvoje ve svete.] 1984. 135 pp. SIVO1963: Prague, Czechoslovakia; Ustredi Vedeckych, Technickych a Ekonomickych Informaci: Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze.
A review of global population trends is presented. The publication is in three parts, dealing with the periods 1950-1970, 1970-1980, and 1980-2000, respectively. Separate consideration is given to fertility, mortality, natural increase, reproduction rates, life expectancy, age distribution, urbanization, and literacy. The data are primarily taken from published U.N. sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40004 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Review and appraisal of the World Population Plan of Action: 1984 report. Population Studies, No. 99; ST/ESA/SER.A/99, Pub. Order No. E.86.XIII.2. ISBN 92-1-151158-5. 1986. vi, 169 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the second review and appraisal of progress made toward achieving the goals and recommendations of the World Population Plan of Action adopted in Bucharest in 1974. The report "is organized into seven major chapters: socio-economic development and population; the role and the status of women; development of population policies; population trends, prospects, goals and policies; promotion of knowledge; role of national Governments and the international community; and monitoring, review and appraisal of the World Population Plan of Action."
Included in each chapter is "a summary of the major trends observed in the past decade and, where appropriate, the most probable future prospects. This analysis is followed by an assessment of the level of implementation of the Plan of Action."
For a previous review of this kind, published in 1979, see 46:1004.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40005 Vallin, Jacques. World population. [La population mondiale.] Collection Reperes, No. 45, ISBN 2-7071-1621-1. 1986. 127 pp. Editions La Decouverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general introduction to issues concerning the world's population. It includes chapters on the current global population and its distribution by region, age, and sex; the processes of population change; the history of population growth; the future; and the relationship between population and development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

52:40006 Demeny, Paul. Population and the invisible hand. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 4, Nov 1986. 473-87 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the text of the Presidential Address presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. The author first asserts that population problems arise from the fact that individual decisions with respect to demographic acts do not necessarily coincide with a recognized common good. In particular, he considers the implications of a new trend of thought, which argues that although such divergences between individual and social interests do occur, they are narrow, confined, and sporadic, since there is a natural process of self-correction, analogous to Adam Smith's invisible hand, at work.
Adherents to this viewpoint argue that attempts to alter demographic trends through population policies and programs should be downgraded or even abandoned. The author presents a critique of the notion of the invisible hand in demographic developments using a range of historical and contemporary examples. He suggests that fertility levels consistently below replacement level in developed countries may lead to a realization that individual fertility preferences are potentially detrimental to a society's survival and, in time, to efforts to develop effective pro-natalist policies.
The different approaches adopted in developing countries, ranging from state controls to voluntary policies, no policies, or complete reliance on the invisible hand, are noted. In concluding, the author criticizes the failure of demographers to produce recommendations concerning the desirable demographic constitution of modern societies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40007 Demeny, Paul. The world demographic situation. In: World population and U.S. policy: the choices ahead, edited by Jane Menken. ISBN 0-393-02419-9. LC 86-12803. 1986. 27-66 pp. W. W. Norton: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
A general review of the global population situation is presented. Data are drawn primarily from U.N. sources, supplemented by long-term projections prepared by the World Bank. Consideration is given to changes in the rate of population growth over time, the demographic transition, mortality, fertility, natural increase, urbanization, and prospects for future demographic changes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40008 Klinger, Andras. World population and demographic prospects. [A vilagnepesseg es a demografiai tavlatok.] Demografia, Vol. 28, No. 4, 1985. 458-77 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
A review of global population trends and prospects is presented. Data are from published sources, including U.N. sources. The period covered is from the eighteenth century to the year 2000. Topics covered include population growth by region, life expectancy, age distribution, demographic aging, school attendance, labor force developments, occupations, and urbanization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40009 Tsai, Hong-chin. The importance, development situation, and trend of population studies. Journal of Population Studies, No. 9, Jun 1986. 193-212 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
This study makes the case for the importance of including the population factor in the study of development. It is divided into three parts. "In the first part, the important situation of population studies and its reasons [are] comprehensively discussed. In the second part, discussions are extended to three subjects: (1) government's role on data collection and data analysis; (2) teaching and research developments in academic institutions; (3) private organizations' role in the promotion and application of population studies. In the third part, more than seventy international institutions and agencies of population studies have been introduced and examined."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

52:40010 Easterlin, Richard A. Economic preconceptions and demographic research: a comment. Population and Development Review, Vol. 12, No. 3, Sep 1986. 517-28 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author responds to a critique of the study by himself and Eileen M. Crimmins entitled "The fertility revolution: a supply demand analysis." He develops the theme that there are "two quite different theoretical perceptions of the fertility decision process--one influenced substantially by certain areas of demographic research, one faithful to certain preconceptions common in economics. This conflict reflects fundamental differences between economists and demographers that would benefit from more explicit recognition and confrontation."
For the study by Easterlin et al., published in 1985, see 51:40222.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40011 Hollander, Samuel. On Malthus's population principle and social reform. History of Political Economy, Vol. 18, No. 2, Summer 1986. 187-235 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The author questions the interpretation of Malthusian theory that emphasizes that population growth will always outstrip available resources. He stresses instead Malthus's alternative hypothesis that the prudential restraint of growth in the labor force can result in constant or even rising wage rates. The article also describes the policy objectives of Malthus to achieve both an increasing population and high wages. Consideration is given to the confusions arising from differences among the various editions of Malthus's work. The emergence of an expanded role for policy intervention in later editions is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:40012 Jaggi, Stefan. Karl Marx and the Malthusian theory of population. [Karl Marx und die Malthusianische Bevolkerungstheorie.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/ Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique, Vol. 121, No. 2, Jun 1985. 95-113 pp. Bern, Switzerland. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
An analysis of the works of Karl Marx is presented in order to demonstrate the importance of the population factor. The author contends that population growth is a critical factor in Marx's theory of the progressive impoverishment of the working class. However, because of his reluctance to acknowledge the value of the Malthusian contribution, Marx focused his analysis of the labor force under capitalism on the demand for workers and neglected the supply side, which is determined by the growth of population. The author concludes that Marxist theory would have benefited from greater consideration of Malthusian theory.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:40013 Lee, Ronald D. Induced population growth and induced technological progress: their interaction in the long run. Sloan-Berkeley Working Paper in Population Studies, No. 4, Apr 1986. 15, [5] pp. University of California, Institute of International Studies: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
The author examines "the dynamic implications of a very simple model combining endogenous population growth, diminishing returns to labor, and a positive effect of population size on the rate of technological progress. Such a model implies population growth which, starting from a small population, is very slow, but which accelerates until it eventually becomes very rapid."
In considering the time paths of population, technology, and per capita income, attention is given to the following questions: "What is the general shape of these paths over time? What is the effect of exogenously more rapid population growth? Under what conditions would a social planner choose more rapid population growth? Does historical evidence of diminishing returns to labor contradict the induced innovation theory, as has sometimes been suggested?"
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40014 Rosset, Edward. The theory of optimum population in historical development. [Doktryna ludnosci optymalnej w rozwoju historycznym.] ISBN 83-208-0318-7. LC 84-177901. 1983. 434 pp. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
In the first part of this study, the author describes the development of the concept of optimum population from ancient through to modern times. Consideration is given to the views of both proponents and opponents of the idea of an optimum population. The development of the thinking of Soviet demographers on this concept is described. The second part is concerned with how theories about optimum population can be used to develop population policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:40015 Tuljapurkar, Shripad. Cycles in nonlinear age-structured models I: renewal equations. Sloan-Berkeley Working Paper in Population Studies, No. 1, Apr 1986. 25 pp. University of California, Institute of International Studies: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
"A variety of density-dependent population models can be described by nonlinear renewal equations. This paper develops analytical tools for such models to study the sustained population cycles which arise by bifurcation. The results obtained describe explicitly the direction of bifurcation, and the period, form and dynamic stability of sustained cycles. The results are illustrated by application to a cohort controlled model of human populations which has been proposed as a formalization of the Easterlin effect."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40016 Tuljapurkar, Shripad. Cycles in nonlinear age-structured models II: McKendrick-von Foerster equations. Sloan-Berkeley Working Paper in Population Studies, No. 2, Apr 1986. 41, [2] pp. University of California, Institute of International Studies: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
The author focuses on the use of bifurcation theory in analyzing density dependence in age-structured population models with particular attention to the questions: "When do cycles occur? Are these cycles stable? What are the period and form of the cycles?"
The results presented "apply to a wide class of nonlinear demographic models for a single sex in a closed population. A precise definition of this class of models is given in Section 2 with the models written in a form best suited to bifurcation analysis." In the final section, the methods developed are applied, and a detailed example is presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40017 Woods, Robert. The spatial dynamics of the demographic transition in the West. In: Population structures and models: developments in spatial demography, edited by Robert Woods and Philip Rees. ISBN 0-04-301200-0. LC 85-30642. 1986. 21-44 pp. George Allen and Unwin: Boston, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
The author examines the shortcomings of existing models of the Western European demographic transition and emphasizes the importance of exploring the spatial dynamics of the transition. After presenting tabular and graphic data to describe the transition, he gives examples from France and from England and Wales of spatial variations in marital fertility and the pattern of mortality decline. He describes four categories of transition theory and relates them to social and individual involvement in the mortality and fertility change sequences.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

52:40018 Shai, Donna. The diffusion of a statistical method: a sociology of science approach to hazards models. Pub. Order No. DA8417360. 1984. 236 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation deals with the diffusion of hazards models into the social sciences from medical research. It is particularly concerned with applications in demography. The comparative case method is used to contrast the applicability of the technique in medical research and demography. The 'social structure' of the two disciplines is examined from a sociology of science point of view."
Differences between the disciplines "are illustrated through an adaptation of survival techniques to a retrospective approach to the open birth interval. Fertility data sets from Israel (Cochini immigrants) and Taiwan are analyzed in a proportional hazards study of the influence of social factors on the length of the open interval. It is shown that aside from certain technical difficulties the proportional hazards model provides a convenient framework for comparing populations in demography."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 45(5).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

52:40019 International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP] (Liege, Belgium); Institut du Sahel. Unite Socio-Economique et de Demographie (Bamako, Mali). A refresher course for African demographers on the analysis of mortality, Bamako, February 17-March 21, 1986. [Stage de perfectionnement pour demographes africains sur l'analyse de la mortalite, Bamako, 17 fevrier-21 mars 1986.] Jul 1986. [440] pp. Groupe de Demographie du Developpement [IDP, INED, INSEE, MINCOOP, ORSTOM]: Paris, France. In Fre.
These two volumes are a product of a training course on techniques of mortality analysis for African demographers held in Bamako, Mali, in 1986. The first volume contains the documentation relative to the organization of the course, which involved not only the IUSSP and the Institut du Sahel but also the Institut de Formation et de Recherches Demographiques (IFORD) and the French government's Groupe de Demographie du Developpement.
The second volume consists of the documents prepared for the meeting, including papers on the specific characteristics and determinants of African mortality, the international classification of diseases, a case study of infant mortality concerning Bamako, indicators of life tables, population models, the mortality transition, and an introduction to microcomputers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40020 Kammeyer, Kenneth C. W.; Ginn, Helen L. An introduction to population. ISBN 0-256-03446-X. LC 85-72252. 1986. xiv, 336, xi pp. Dorsey Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
This textbook is intended for the use of undergraduate students in introductory courses on demography or population problems. The emphasis is sociological. Chapters are included on the study of population, the history of population studies, demographic data, population characteristics, migration, mortality, fertility, world population growth, and population politics and policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:40021 United Nations. Department of Technical Co-operation for Development (New York, New York). Teaching demography. No. ST/TCD/SER.E/1, Pub. Order No. E.85.II.H.2 and 3. ISBN 92-1-123102-3. LC 86-170725. 1985. xi, 97; vii, 99 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the second edition of a listing prepared by the United Nations of universities and other institutions teaching demography around the world. It is presented in two volumes. The first volume contains summary information on the universities and institutions listed alphabetically by continent and country. Information is included on name of demographic teaching unit, degrees or diplomas awarded, current course offerings, number of teaching staff, yearly student enrollment, admission requirements, and address and telephone number.
The second volume presents additional details of curricula and other related matters concerning these universities and institutions, particularly as they concern admission requirements, course work, degree regulations, and library, computer, and other facilities available. The information presented is as available at the end of 1984.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.