Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

52:30775 Adepoju, Aderanti. Formulating population policy for self-reliant development in Nigeria. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 575-86 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
Following a brief review of the demographic situation in Nigeria, the author examines the population policy content of development plans since the early 1960s and discusses the formulation of population policy in the areas of fertility, mortality, and migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30776 Asociacion Dominicana pro Bienestar de la Familia [PROFAMILIA] (Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic). Population policies, family, and development, 1986-1990. [Politicas de poblacion, familia y desarrollo 1986-1990.] Mar 13, 1986. 35 pp. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In Spa.
The framework for a future policy embracing population, the family, and development in the Dominican Republic is outlined. The report is in three parts: the first is concerned with the family and includes consideration of family planning; the second deals with the status of women and includes consideration of induced abortion; and the third deals with the relationship between population and development.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30777 Baldeaux, Dieter. Population policy of developing countries: evaluation of measures since the World Population Conference of 1974. [Bevolkerungspolitik der Entwicklungslander: Beurteilung der Massnahmen seit der Weltbevolkerungskonferenz 1974.] Forschungsberichte des Bundesministeriums fur Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit, Vol. 66, ISBN 3-8039-0311-4. LC 85-189402. 1985. xiii, 328 pp. Weltforum: Cologne, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This book is divided into three parts. In the first part, the population situation and policy discussions at the time of the 1974 World Population Conference are reviewed, with emphasis on discussions concerning the interrelationships between population growth and development. The proceedings of the conference are then summarized, the World Population Plan of Action is outlined, and current population trends and policy discussions are assessed.
In the second part, demographic policy measures adopted in developing countries are evaluated. The focus is on fertility policies, and examples are provided from Singapore, Haiti, Cuba, Bangladesh, and India. The population policy views of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany are also briefly examined. In the final part, strategies for international and bilateral assistance in the area of population are discussed, and the results of the 1984 International Conference on Population are summarized.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30778 Beaujot, Roderic. Population policy development in Canadian demography. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1985. 203-19 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
The contribution of demographers to the development of population policy in Canada is considered. "The evidence from literature on Canadian population studies suggests that members of the Canadian Population Society have not paid much attention to policy issues and have not been very involved in policy circles. This paper considers specific substantive areas--including population growth, fertility, immigration, migration, urban growth, aging, language and education--in order to review briefly the available policy-oriented research and to suggest issues that merit further discussion."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30779 Biffi, Franco. Demographic policies from a Christian view point: proceedings of the Symposium, Rio de Janeiro, 27-30 September 1982. LC 84-247612. 1984. 587 pp. Herder: Rome, Italy. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a symposium on population policies from the Catholic viewpoint held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in September 1982. The papers are in five main sections. The first recapitulates Catholic teaching on population issues. The second contains 10 papers that review population policies around the world. The third consists of three papers on methodological issues concerning the low birthrate in developed countries, demographic policies for the family, and the different ways population policies can intervene.
The next section includes four papers on the relationship between population policies and development. A final section, entitled "responsibilities", contains nine papers on a wide range of topics, including the responsibilities of developed countries toward the third world, the Marxist experience, socio-medical problems in developing countries, and the options available to Catholic countries with regard to population policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30780 Chen, Lilei. A tentative analysis of the target set for China's population size. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 1, Jan 29, 1985. 5-8 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The objectives of current Chinese population policy are reviewed. The author notes that these involve a planned regulation of population to the point that the population remains stable and is of high quality. Included is a theoretical discussion on the mutual adaptation of material production and human reproduction, as well as a discussion on the means of production in determining trends in population development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30781 Herrin, Alejandro N.; Pardoko, Henry; Tan, Boon Ann; Hongladarom, Chira. Integrating population and development planning. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, Mar 1986. 49-74 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
A review of the role that the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Population Programme can play in assisting the integration of population and development planning in the region is presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30782 Klinger, Andras. Assessment of the efficiency of population policy measures. [A nepesedespolitikai intezkedesek hatekonysaganak vizsgalata.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 64, No. 6, Jun 1986. 557-74 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This article is concerned with the relative effectiveness of various population policy measures. "The data sources [for] analysing efficiency (vital statistics, census data, longitudinal and retrospective analysis of fertility, data of public opinion research) and the possible methods (standardization, trend analysis, experimental samples, number of years spent for contraception by co-habitants, component forecasting approach, the analysis of the reproduction process, regression analysis, simulation models) are reviewed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30783 Lee, Boon Thong. A dare to be different: taking another look at the new population policy of Malaysia. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 593-605 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
After briefly reviewing population trends and previous population policies in Malaysia, the author discusses the reasons for the new population policy, which "calls for a larger population of 70 million people in Malaysia to be attained in 115 years...." Strategies to ensure that the target is achieved and to incorporate long-term economic planning with population growth are described, and related development problems are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30784 Leeuw, Frans L. Population policy in industrialized countries: evaluating policy theories to assess the demographic impact of population policy. Genus, Vol. 41, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1985. 1-19 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"In this contribution the concept of population policy theory is defined. Also, the relevance of studying these theories in order to assess the demographic impact of population policy is discussed. The policy theory underlying the pronatalist marriage and family founding loans is evaluated as is the policy theory underlying antinatalist family planning communication programs. It is concluded that the behavioral mechanisms behind the two policy measures appear not to work in a way the policy theory assumes they work, i.e. appear not to be able to change fertility behavior substantially." The geographic focus is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30785 Massicot, Simone. French nationality: acquired and granted. [La nationalite francaise: attribution et acquisition.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 349-70 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Regulations and legal procedures pertaining to French citizenship are discussed. "The largest section of the French population is composed of native Frenchmen, who have acquired their nationality at birth by being born, either in France or abroad, with at least one parent of French nationality....Those who were granted French nationality after their birth could have obtained it either of right (through a declaration of acquisition, recognition, or reintegration) which needed to be officially verified, or through an application which could be granted at the government's discretion (naturalization or reintegration)."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30786 Ortega, Manuel M. Considerations on a population policy for the Dominican Republic. [Consideraciones acerca de una politica de poblacion para Republica Dominicana.] Ciencia y Sociedad, Vol. 10, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1985. 102-11 pp. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In Spa.
The author discusses the development of a population policy for the Dominican Republic. The concept of such a policy is considered, with a focus on whether the policy should be associated with programs of action and whether it should address only the issue of population growth or should consider other demographic factors as well. Recommendations for designing a population policy are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30787 Perez-Ramirez, Gustavo. An effective management approach to population programmes. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 563-73 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author first "discusses the need to strengthen the management of population programmes and describes some United Nations contributions in this area." He then explores "the basic concepts and objectives of population management [and] the types of action required to strengthen the management of population programmes in order to respond to specific needs of developing countries...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30788 Saefullah, Asep D. The integrated policy on population in Indonesia. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 157-66 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author discusses the nature of the population problem in Indonesia, the problems encountered in attempting to achieve the goals of the fourth Indonesian Five Year Development Plan (REPELITA IV), and the need for and impact of an integrated population policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30789 Thibon, Christian. Population growth and perceptions: an integrated population policy, some initial questions. [Croissance et perceptions demographiques: une politique demographique integree, quelques interrogations prealables.] Revue Tiers-Monde, Vol. 27, No. 106, Apr-Jun 1986. 297-308 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of the population factor in the African region around the great lakes of Victoria and Tanganyika is presented. The emphasis is on the level of awareness among the governments concerned of the relevance of the population factor to their development plans and the relationship between such awareness and traditional pro-natalist values in the formation of population policies. Particular attention is given to Burundi and Rwanda.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:30790 United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) (Nairobi, Kenya). Population distribution and urbanization: a review of policy options. Pub. Order No. HS/73/85/E. 1985. 95 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
An attempt is made to outline the strengths and weaknesses of policy options available to developing country governments seeking to influence the urbanization process. The key concepts involved are introduced, including the core/periphery paradigm, polarization reversal, growth poles and related concepts, selective spatial closure, and agropolitan development.
The various policy options reviewed include policies against primacy, the promotion of secondary cities, rural development approaches, integration of the national settlement hierarchy, and partial strategies. The policy instruments needed to implement such strategies are described, and their financial, informational, and institutional requirements are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30791 United Nations. Secretariat (New York, New York). A comparison of the World Population Plan of Action and the recommendations for the further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 18, 1986. 1-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a comparison of the proposals adopted at the international conferences on population held in Bucharest, Romania, in 1974 and in Mexico City, Mexico, in 1984. "Among the changes discussed are the greater prominence given in the recommendations to socio-economic development, the environment and population, and the role and status of women and population. In addition, the 1984 recommendations deal with morbidity and mortality in a far more detailed and systematic manner and discuss the right of individuals and couples to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children with greater strength and urgency. Furthermore, they are more specific regarding migration and changing population structures."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30792 Willner, Lori. The New International Economic Order and socio-economic development: population policy in the World Population Plan of Action in Algeria. LC 85-135544. 1984. 156 pp. Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The influence of the concepts implied by the New International Economic Order (NIEO) on the development of the World Population Plan of Action is analyzed, with particular reference to the development of the notions that population control is inappropriate and that successful development will solve population problems. The author also explores how these concepts have been modified by the concerns felt among many developing countries with regard to rapid population growth.
The case study of Algeria is given to illustrate the implications of such a policy debate. The author notes how the initial neglect of population issues in the pursuit of an NIEO-oriented development strategy aggravated population problems and resulted in a change of policy which in part denies the validity of the NIEO strategy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

52:30793 Boiko, Viktor. Sociopsychological aspects of demographic propaganda. [Sotsialnopsikhologicheski aspekti na demografskata propaganda.] Naselenie, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1985. 71-86 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"This article treats the basic socio-psychological aspects of...demographic propaganda as a process of scientifically planned influence on society, family, and personality with a view to realize a specific demographic policy. The main aim of the demographic propaganda is to influence the reproductive behaviour and conscience. The spheres of demographic propaganda and its motivational basis are also discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30794 Cain, Mead; Lieberman, Samuel S. Development policy and the projects for fertility decline in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol. 11, No. 3, Sep 1983. 1-38 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The authors attempt "to review government development policy [in Bangladesh] and, as far as possible, indicate which development measures other than the provision of family planning information and services hold the promise, either currently or potentially, of significantly altering the demand for contraceptives." The literature concerning fertility determinants is reviewed, with particular attention to the case of Bangladesh.
It is concluded that "a necessary condition for fertility transition in Bangladesh is to eliminate or substantially reduce the positive reproductive incentive associated with children as insurance against risk. This conclusion informed our assessment of the fertility impacts of development policy: policies with the greatest potential impact on reproductive behavior would either significantly alter the environment of risk or introduce effective alternative means of adjusting to risk." Rural public employment programs are highlighted as having substantial fertility impact.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30795 Ekert-Jaffe, Olivia. The effects and limitations of financial aid to families: an example and a model. [Effets et limites des aides financieres aux familles: une experience et un modele.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1986. 327-48 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author attempts to measure the effect on the birth rate of financial assistance to families in Europe. "A study of the financial aid given to children of different birth orders led to the construction of an index which may be used to group the family policies of 28 countries by the extent of their pro-natalism (Francophone and Central European countries came highest in this classification). A relationship was established between the introduction of these policies and fertility indices during the 1970s."
The index is used to construct a model for selected countries of the European Economic Community. "The econometric model which relates fertility to women's earnings and labour force participation is substantially improved if an index of 'natalist' family policy is taken into account. Where the proportion of children's costs met by the state is similar to that in France, the mean number of children per woman increases by about 0.2, or ten percent of fertility. Full reimbursement of children's cost would raise the mean number of children per woman by about 0.5."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30796 El Sahly, Al Sadik. Development and demographic policies in the Maghreb countries: status and views (comparative study). In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 587-92 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The integration of family planning programs into national development policies in the three Maghrib countries of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco is examined. The author discusses political, religious, and other factors influencing the adoption of family planning programs.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30797 Mazrui, Ali A.; Mugambwa, Jessica M. Population control and ethnic rivalry: local and global perspectives. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 9, No. 3, Jul 1986. 334-59 pp. Henley, England. In Eng.
The authors examine some issues concerning the development of efforts to influence demographic variables through policies and programs, with particular consideration to efforts to control fertility. The main geographic focus is on Africa. The implications of both the colonial heritage and the present global economic system on African attitudes toward population policies and programs are explored. Particular attention is given to the influence of ethnic and tribal conflicts in African countries on the ability of governments to develop such policies and programs effectively.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30798 Mustafa, Zubeida. Exploding myths not numbers. Herald, Vol. 17, No. 1, Jan 1986. 210-5 pp. Karachi, Pakistan. In Eng.
Recent developments concerning the population program in Pakistan are reviewed. The author notes that despite growing government concern about the rate of population growth, there is little evidence that an effective program to reduce that rate of growth is being developed. The cause of this failure is sought in the contrast between the need to involve women in developing a successful program and the government's social policy which opposes female emancipation and encourages female segregation and traditional female roles within the family.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30799 Palen, J. John. Fertility and eugenics: Singapore's population policies. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1986. 3-14 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Singapore, after serving for two decades as a model for Third World birth control and economic development programs, is now abandoning its earlier population policies in favor of encouraging dramatic population growth. The initial eugenics-based program introduced in 1984 sought increased fertility for university-educated women and provided major subsidies for the voluntary sterilization of poor and uneducated parents. These much publicized and internationally discussed programs have now been abandoned in favor of new population programs seeking to encourage fertility in lower as well as better educated groups. A forty percent population increase is being set as a goal."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30800 Shantakumar, G. Towards a new population policy in Singapore. In: Population and development. Proceedings of the symposium held at Cairo Demographic Centre, 3-7 November 1985. CDC Research Monograph Series, No. 14, 1986. 607-16 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The author reviews government policies affecting fertility in Singapore since 1959, including corrective actions taken to deal with the results of these policies. The need for and possible approach to the development of population policy alternatives are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30801 White, Blanche T. Population policy and rural reform in China, 1977-1984: policy implementation and interdependency at the local level. Pub. Order No. DA8603072. 1985. 522 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This thesis, which consists of two volumes, "examines the implementation of China's 'one-child-per-couple' population policy against the backdrop of a tandem process of rural economic and structural reforms." The focus is on "the implementation of population policy in light of three central themes: (1) evolutionary implementation, (2) policy interdependence, and (3) local-level implementation and discretionary authority. The data are drawn from interviews with rural cadres in one Chinese commune and family planning cadres from the provincial to the village levels, and a wide range of Chinese source materials."
Particular attention is given to efforts to implement population policies in rural China, the difficulties encountered, and the adaptations in policy and enforcement that have ensued.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Ohio State University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(12).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

No citations in this issue.

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.