Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

52:30058 Brinke, Josef. An overview of the population geography of Australia. [Bevolkerungsgeographischer Uberblick von Australien.] Geographische Berichte, Vol. 30, Pt. 3, No. 116, 1985. 187-98, 221-2 pp. Gotha, German Demographic Republic. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The population geography of Australia is outlined. The uneven nature of population distribution is noted, with over 90 percent of the population living in the east and south, where the major urban centers are located. The impact of colonization on the aboriginal population is noted.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30059 Britton, Malcolm. Recent population changes in perspective. Population Trends, No. 44, Summer 1986. 33-41 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Recent population changes in England and Wales are summarized, with particular emphasis on comparisons between population growth rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Trends observed during the period 1981-1985 are contrasted with developments that took place in the preceding two decades. The roles of natural change and net migration in determining population change are also considered.
It is noted that "the trends of the 1960s and 1970s have continued but at a substantially reduced rate. For instance, the population of the metropolitan areas of England declined by 3 persons per thousand population per annum throughout the 1981-85 period compared with a rate over twice that figure during the late 1970s. Similarly the population of the non-metropolitan areas only increased by 2 per thousand per annum during the 1981-85 period compared with a figure of close to 7 per thousand in the late 1970s."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30060 Cote, Marc. Population distribution in Algeria: inertia and change. [Repartition de la population en Algerie: inerties et evolutions.] Recherches Geographiques a Strasbourg, No. 22-23, 1984. 197-210 pp. Strasbourg, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger.
"This study is an attempt to measure the meaning of the inter-regional movements of population in Algeria during a long period of time (1897-1977). As in the whole of the Mediterranean countries, these movements have resulted in rebalancing the differences in density between mountains and plains. Nevertheless, as a result of demographic growth, the population in the mountains is much denser than it was in 1897. And the populations moving from the mountains have not settled equally in the different types of plains: coastal plains, and amongst them chiefly Algiers, received most of it."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30061 Dege, Eckart. Industrialization and demographic development--spatial and temporal changes in the population structure of the Republic of Korea, 1960-1980. [Industrialisierung und demographische Entwicklung--raumzeitliche Veranderungen der Bevolkerungsstruktur Sudkoreas 1960-1980.] In: Geographie als Sozialwissenschaft: Beitrage zu ausgewahlten Problemen kulturgeographischer Forschung, Wolfgang Kuls zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Franz-Josef Kemper, Hans-Dieter Laux, and Gunter Thieme. Colloquium Geographicum, Vol. 18, ISBN 3-427-74181-8. 1985. 83-107 pp. Ferdinand Dummlers: Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The impact of the demographic transition on population structure in the Republic of Korea is first described. Regional demographic changes induced by massive interregional migration and urbanization are then analyzed for the period 1960-1980 using census data. "During this period the Korean cities showed a concentration of young population due to in-migration from rural areas....Rural areas in general [except for those surrounding Seoul and Pusan] are more and more characterized by population losses and aging due to selective out-migration."
Location: State University of New York Library, Albany, N.Y.

52:30062 Ding, Yisheng. The urban and rural distribution of China's population. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 4, Jul 29, 1984. 14-6 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The spatial distribution of the population of China is described using data from the 1982 census. The results show that 20 percent of the population live in urban areas and 80 percent in rural areas; coastal areas support a slightly higher percentage of people than the hinterland and have a higher density of population; and urbanization has been fairly slow in part because of slow economic development but also because of tight control over movement into urban areas. Although the development of cities with over 500,000 people is rapid, the number of small cities is declining. The need to encourage the growth of small and middle-size cities is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30063 Ding, Yisheng. Urban-rural distribution of population in China. Population Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct 1985. 41-6 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
An analysis of the spatial distribution of the population of China is presented using data from the 1982 census. The focus is on the 20 percent of the population living in urban areas. Consideration is given to future urbanization prospects.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30064 Escallier, Robert. The spatial dynamics of the Moroccan population. [La dynamique spatiale des populations marocaines.] Bulletin de l'Association de Geographes Francais, Vol. 62, No. 1, Apr 1985. 45-56 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The spatial distribution of the population of Morocco is reviewed using data from the 1982 census. The dynamics of the rural population are analyzed first, with consideration given to differences among regions in spatial distribution and migration. The second part deals with urbanization and includes consideration of the quality of the available data.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30065 Findlay, Allan M.; Findlay, Anne M. Regional economic disparities and population change in Morocco. Scottish Geographical Magazine, Vol. 102, No. 1, Apr 1986. 29-41 pp. Edinburgh, Scotland. In Eng.
"The paper examines patterns of population change in Morocco for the decade 1971-1981. They do not mirror those which might have been expected in view of the national economic and spatial structure of this country. The differences are attributed to international economic forces which have transcended national forces in shaping population patterns in parts of the country."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30066 Fuguitt, Glenn V.; Beale, Calvin L. Changing patterns of nonmetropolitan population distribution. CDE Working Paper, No. 85-29, 1985. 23 pp. University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
The authors explore aspects of population growth in nonmetropolitan areas in the United States before, during, and after the 1970s, a decade in which growth in these areas exceeded urban population growth. The particular focus is on "whether the post-1980 period is one in which population distribution patterns and factors associated with population growth have reverted to being very similar to that in the pre-turnaround era....We have associated selected variables with county population change for each of three periods--1960-70, 1970-80, and 1980-84 in a multivariate analysis [and] have examined growth trends in these time intervals for nonmetropolitan geographic subregions."
Official data for nonmetropolitan counties and county equivalents are used in a multiple classification analysis, with variables included for location, manufacturing, median income, and recreation and resort activities. Ways in which nonmetropolitan growth patterns since 1980 differ from those observed before 1970 are noted. It is concluded that "the recent turnaround reversal is not a return to the status quo of the 1960s within the nonmetropolitan sector."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30067 Kok, P. C. Population redistribution: a summarized review and evaluation of theoretical contributions, strategies and policy instruments, with specific reference to the South African situation. RGN.HSRC Research Finding, No. SN-250, ISBN 0-7969-0329-8. 1986. vi, 50 pp. Human Sciences Research Council, Institute for Sociological and Demographic Research: Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng. with sum. in Afr.
This is a summary of a study on population redistribution in South Africa. "The report is based exclusively on a literature study regarding migration theory and population redistribution policy. It has been attempted to put South African demographic trends and the population programme (anticipated by the Science Committee of the President's Council in 1983) into perspective in so far as population redistribution is concerned, on the basis of worldwide tendencies and government actions, and by taking into account the latest international population plan."
For the complete report, published in 1985, see 52:10080.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30068 Rincon, Manuel. Spatial distribution and internal migration: methodological aspects. [Distribucion espacial y migraciones internas: aspectos metodologicos.] CELADE Serie B, No. 1009, Feb 1984. vi, 130 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
The study of population distribution and migration within a given country is outlined and illustrated using data for Latin America, primarily concerning Costa Rica. The first chapter deals with spatial distribution and includes consideration of data sources, methods of measuring spatial distribution, and urbanization. The second chapter is concerned with internal migration. It describes both direct and indirect methods for calculating migration flows.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30069 United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa [ECA]. Population Division. General Demography Section (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Population distribution and urbanization, ECA member states. African Population Studies Series, No. 7; E/ECA/SER.A/5, 1983. ix, 81 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng.
An analysis of current knowledge concerning population distribution and urbanization in Africa is presented. "The focus is on the efficacy of the population redistribution policies adopted in the various member States, the reasons for their relative ineffectiveness as well as suggestions for improving on the effectiveness of such policies in the future." Consideration is given both to the causes of population maldistribution and urbanization and to their implications.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30070 White, Michael J. Segregation and diversity measures in population distribution. Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 2, Summer 1986. 198-221 pp. Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"The purposes of the present paper are to show the relationship between measures of population diversity and measures of segregation, to describe the salient properties of these indexes, and to demonstrate the empirical interrelationships among them." Some measures not frequently used in population studies are considered, and empirical illustrations are given of the significance of using one measure rather than another. In particular, the author stresses proportional reduction of error interpretations for an index and considers its ability to handle more than two groups. The primary geographic focus is on the United States.
The "introductory section of the paper treats conceptual issues in more detail. The second section reviews selected measures and recent critical viewpoints, while the third section tests their empirical performance. The conclusion makes some recommendations about the selection of an index. A detailed bibliography follows."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

52:30071 Abate, Alula. Urbanization and regional development in Ethiopia. In: Geographie als Sozialwissenschaft: Beitrage zu ausgewahlten Problemen kulturgeographischer Forschung, Wolfgang Kuls zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Franz-Josef Kemper, Hans-Dieter Laux, and Gunter Thieme. Colloquium Geographicum, Vol. 18, ISBN 3-427-74181-8. 1985. 242-71 pp. Ferdinand Dummlers: Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Ger.
The aim of this paper is "to pull together some general information on the scope and structure of urbanization in Ethiopia, and to study the process of urbanization in the context of the country's development." The data are from a variety of sources. Topics covered include historical and contemporary patterns of urbanization, city-size distribution and primacy, the spatial distribution of urban centers, socioeconomic characteristics of urban centers, urban and regional disparities, and the relationship between urbanization and national development.
Location: State University of New York Library, Albany, N.Y.

52:30072 Bacconnier, Gerard. The cities of New Zealand. [Les villes de Nouvelle-Zelande.] Cahiers d'Outre-Mer, Vol. 38, No. 151, Jul-Sep 1985. 207-34 pp. Bordeaux, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of urban patterns in New Zealand is presented. The author notes that urbanization is a product of colonization and that the country is highly urbanized. Differences among the four main urban areas of Aukland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin are considered. The author concludes that Aukland is developing as a metropolis for the South Pacific region as a whole.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30073 Bahr, Jurgen; Mertins, Gunter. Population development in Greater Santiago between 1970 and 1982: an analysis of district census results. [Bevolkerungsentwicklung in Gross-Santiago zwischen 1970 und 1982: eine Analyse von Zensusergebnissen auf Distriktbasis.] Erdkunde, Vol. 39, No. 3, Sep 1985. 218-38 pp. Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"An attempt is made in the light of an analysis of population changes occurring in several sub-districts of Greater Santiago in the period between the last population censuses of 1970 and 1982, based on small-area census units (distritos and communas) to draw attention to the effects on the spatial growth of the city resulting from changed conditions in the political and juridical sphere since the change of power in 1973." The effect of changes in government policy concerning the liberalization of the property market and the illegal occupation of land are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30074 Bohm, Hans. Demographic structures in medium-size and large German cities in the period of rapid industrialization. [Demographische Strukturen deutscher Mittel- und Grossstadte in der Hochindustrialisierungsperiode.] In: Geographie als Sozialwissenschaft: Beitrage zu ausgewahlten Problemen kulturgeographischer Forschung, Wolfgang Kuls zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Franz-Josef Kemper, Hans-Dieter Laux, and Gunter Thieme. Colloquium Geographicum, Vol. 18, ISBN 3-427-74181-8. 1985. 16-49 pp. Ferdinand Dummlers: Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Using the results of the censuses of 1885 to 1910 the age structure of German cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants is analysed. By means of cluster-analytic procedures four demographic types of cities with specific age structures are distinguished....It can be shown that the differential growth of cities between 1885 and 1910 is in accordance with the differentiation of the age structure of the urban population....Finally, the age- and sex-specific net migration for the period 1885 to 1910 is identified by means of the cohort method, and the influence of migration on the total growth of population is assessed in the light of these results."
Location: State University of New York Library, Albany, N.Y.

52:30075 Burgel, Guy. New towns. [Les villes nouvelles.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1986. 25, 377-84 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
It is noted that the five new towns that have been created in the region of Paris, France, have partly succeeded in attaining their primary objective of counteracting demographic and economic concentration in central Paris. Consideration is given to the effectiveness of the voluntary policies on which such decentralization is based and to the need for a more structured policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30076 Chan, Kam Wing; Xu, Xueqiang. Urban population growth and urbanization in China since 1949: reconstructing a baseline. China Quarterly, No. 104, Dec 1985. 583-613 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Trends in urbanization in China since 1949 are reviewed. The authors first discuss problems with the available data and with definitions in the field of Chinese urban studies. They then analyze trends in urban population growth and urbanization, with particular emphasis on trends during the Cultural Revolution. Special attention is given to rural-urban migration. The effectiveness of China's policies designed to slow the rate of urbanization are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30077 Chase-Dunn, Christopher. The coming of urban primacy in Latin America. Comparative Urban Research, Vol. 11, No. 1-2, 1985. 14-31 pp. College Park, Maryland. In Eng.
Reasons for the development of urban primacy in Latin America between 1800 and 1975 are explored. The author also considers theories of urban primacy and compares the Latin American experience to that of the developed world.
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

52:30078 Danielson, Michael N.; Keles, Rusen. The politics of rapid urbanization: government and growth in modern Turkey. ISBN 0-8419-0951-2. LC 84-12819. 1985. xviii, 286 pp. Holmes and Meier: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The relationship between rapid urbanization and the political system in Turkey from the late 1940s to 1980 is explored. "Focusing primarily on Istanbul and on the modern planned city of Ankara, [the authors] analyze the many aspects of Turkish government and politics--including governmental structure, public finance, bureacracy, intergovernmental relations, political participation, special interest groups, and public policy--as they relate to the pattern of urban development. At the same time, the reciprocal consequences of urbanization for the Turkish political system are explored."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30079 de Oliveira, Jane S. Rethinking the question of the favelas. [Repensando a questao das favelas.] Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1985. 9-30 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"This article intends to analyze some aspects of the evolution of Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]'s squatter settlements over the last decades with emphasis on: the improvement of its residential conditions, the growing diversification of its socio-economic activities and the consequent valorization of its space."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30080 Dutt, Ashok K.; Monroe, Charles B.; Vakamudi, Ramesh. Rural-urban correlates for Indian urbanization. Geographical Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, Apr 1986. 173-83 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This study examines twenty-three variables for 388 Indian districts with data, segregated by sex and grouped in urban and rural categories. Variables strongly correlating with urban districts include high female/male ratio, population density, female literacy, and household workers. A model shows a rural-urban continuum."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30081 Guillon, Michelle. Foreigners in large French agglomerations, 1962-1982. [Les etrangers dans les grandes agglomerations francaises 1962-1982.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1986. 16, 179-90 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of foreigners in urban areas of France is presented using census data, including the 1982 census. The author concludes that the increasing percentage of foreigners in the urban population as a whole is primarily due to a faster increase of the foreign population than of the French population. Differences among the 57 agglomerations with populations over 100,000 are considered, and the role of the foreign population in the growth of such areas is described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30082 Henderson, J. Vernon. Population composition of cities: restructuring the Tiebout model. Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 27, No. 2, Jul 1985. 131-56 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines key determinants of the population composition of cities, as measured by the mix of high and low skill people. In the course of the paper, a variety of evidence about the nature of cities in an economy will be revealed. However, the results relate most directly to controversies concerning the applicability of the Tiebout model, in interpreting patterns of population location and urbanization in an economy. Also, as we will note later, a major part of the work is directly related to the literature on hedonic-wage functions...." The geographic focus is on the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:30083 Hope, Kempe R. Urbanization and economic development in the third world: an overview. Cities, Vol. 3, No. 1, Feb 1986. 41-57 pp. Guildford, England. In Eng.
"This study offers a broad overview of the urbanization dilemma in the Third World--within the context of elusive development--with particular attention to its current trends, components, consequences and policies to manage it."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:30084 Ivanov, Iu. M. Urbanization and specific features of the formation of the urban proletariat in developing countries. [Urbanizatsiya i osobennosti formirovaniya gorodskogo proletariata v razvivayushchikhsya stranakh.] LC 85-162035. 1985. 190 pp. Izdatel'stvo Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
Urbanization in developing countries is analyzed from a Marxist perspective. Consideration is given to the changing relationship between the center and the periphery in the economies of developing countries and to the evolution of an urban working class. Attention is also given to rural-urban migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30085 Khamis, Musa. Population growth in the cities of Irbid governorate, Jordan. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 27, Dec 1985. 127-43 pp. Baghdad, Iraq. In Eng.
The author analyzes population growth in the cities of Irbid, Jordan, including the development of cities before the twentieth century. The study is based on official data, local authorities' estimates, censuses from 1952, 1961, and 1979, and a sample study conducted by the author in 1981. The focus is on trends in natural increase and migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30086 Leonardi, G.; Casti, J. Agglomerative tendencies in the distribution of populations. Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 16, No. 1, Feb 1986. 43-56 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The paper explores the role of accessibility to mutual contacts as an agglomeration force in the spatial distribution of population. The uniqueness conditions for the equilibrium solutions are analyzed in the static case, with the aid of mathematical programming embedding properties. A dynamic version in continuous time is then built, and conditions for instability of a globally stable equilibrium and appearance of multiple locally stable and unstable equilibria are stated. Finally, some implications for the geographical structure are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:30087 Peil, Margaret. Urbanization in Africa. Comparative Urban Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1985. 99 pp. College Park, Maryland. In Eng.
This special issue is devoted to urbanization in Africa. It consists of six papers by various authors on urbanization in Africa as a whole, and in Nigeria, Southern Africa, Malawi, and Kenya and Tanzania. A general study on changes in the demographic structure of African cities over time is included, as well as a study of small towns.
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

52:30088 Pernia, Ernesto M. Implications of urbanization for food policy analysis in Asian countries. NUPRI Research Paper Series, No. 26, Mar 1986. vi, 30 pp. Nihon University, Population Research Institute: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
Anticipating accelerated rates of urbanization in developing countries in Asia, the author emphasizes the need for a disaggregated sectoral approach to analyzing food policy. It is noted that food policies in the past have focused on issues of aggregate supply.
"With urbanization accompanying economic development, the composition effect in food demand becomes more significant than the scale effect as consumers continuously switch to foodstuffs of better quality and more variety....A good part of the food problem, however, may have to do with the changing composition of requirements resulting not only from increasing incomes but also from the locational shifts of households....Furthermore, with urbanization there is the phenomenon of entitlement shifts as households move away from both direct and exchange entitlements to food in rural areas to only exchange entitlement in cities."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30089 Pumain, Denise; Riandey, Benoit. The INED file: "urbanization of France". [Le fichier de l'INED: "urbanisation de la France".] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1986. 19, 269-77 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"A retrospective file about the formation of urban units between 1831 and 1982 within French territory in its present limits may be obtained from INED. The paper indicates which criteria have been used for the delimitation of urban agglomerations and describes in detail the content of the file. For the first time an exhaustive statistical source about the long-term urbanization process in France is then provided."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30090 Salas, Rafael M. Population and urbanization. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, Mar 1986. 5-22 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
Urbanization trends around the world are summarized, with a focus on the situation in developing countries. Probable future trends in urbanization are outlined for the near future, and their implications in such areas as employment, housing, health, and education are considered. The roles of government policies and of UNFPA in assisting governments with urbanization problems are reviewed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30091 Schurch, Beat; Favre, Ann-Marie. Urbanization and nutrition in the third world. 1985. 160 pp. Nestle Foundation for the Study of Problems of Nutrition in the World: Lausanne, Switzerland. In Eng.
This is an annotated bibliography on the relationship between urbanization and nutrition in developing countries. It includes an introductory overview and a subject and geographic index. The bibliography, which is primarily concerned with a selection of items published in the last 10 years, is arranged alphabetically by author.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:30092 Schweizer, Urs; Andersson, Ake E.; Isard, Walter. Spatial dynamics and metropolitan change. Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 16, No. 1, Feb 1986. 160 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This special issue presents contributions to a collaborative effort to analyze 'the dynamics of metropolitan processes and policies'....[It] contains four papers which focus on industrial change and economic restructuring; two papers deal with population relocation and migration processes; one paper contains a study of economic cycles in space and one paper treats the assessment of urban investment and urban renewal projects." The geographic focus is on the developed countries.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:30093 Sigrist, Christoph. Research on urbanization in Latin America: three decades of controversy on the theory of development. [Urbanisierungsforschung in Lateinamerika: drei Dekaden entwicklungstheoretischer Kontroverse.] Vierteljahresberichte, No. 97, Sep 1984. 291-308 pp. Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Trends in research on urbanization in Latin America over the past three decades are outlined. The major approaches and themes in the literature of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s are first discussed, with emphasis on the debate over migration and marginality. The increasing influence of dependency theory on urbanization research since the 1970s is then described. A final section contains some suggestions for future research.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

52:30094 Speare, Alden; Frey, William. Correlates of metropolitan growth and decline, 1960-80. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 146-51 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors examine changes in racial composition, proportion of elderly, employment by sector, and per capita income as correlates of growth and decline for entire U.S. metropolitan areas during the period 1960-1980. Growth and decline of central cities and suburbs within metropolitan areas having populations over one million in 1980 are also discussed, with the focus on differences between cities and suburbs in race and poverty status in the 1970s.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30095 White, Michael J.; zur Loye, Melissa. Measuring neighborhood differentiation in metropolitan areas. In: American Statistical Association, 1984 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1984]. 152-6 pp. American Statistical Association: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors "present selected results concerning ecological structure based on work for the 1980 [U.S.] Census monograph on neighborhoods. We first examine the factorial ecology approach. We then turn to patterns of segregation and analyze the implications of index choice. We also offer a short summary of our analysis of census data quality for small areas."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30096 Wu, Ke. The effect of the new technological revolution on population dynamics. Renkou Yanjiu, No. 1, Jan 29, 1985. 26-7 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
The impact of modernization on population dynamics in China is examined. The author notes that the industrialization process involves the concentration of the population in urban areas and the mechanization of agriculture. The need to redistribute the urban population from major urban areas to smaller towns is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30097 Yeung, Yue-Man. Controlling metropolitan growth in Eastern Asia. Geographical Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, Apr 1986. 125-37 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Expansion of large cities in Eastern Asia since World War II has created a host of problems for administrators and residents. Strategies to restrain growth are discussed under physical control, regional planning, and social policy. Tokyo, Shanghai, and Seoul receive special attention."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30098 Zevelev, I. A. Southeast Asia: urbanization and problems of social development. [Iugo-Vostochnaya Aziya: urbanizatsiya i problemy sotsial'nogo razvitiya.] LC 85-162040. 1985. 182 pp. Izdatel'stvo Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between urbanization and social development in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand is examined. A review of Soviet studies on urbanization in developing countries is first presented, together with a critique of non-Soviet studies. Next, the process of urban growth from the 1950s to the 1980s is described, and the relative contributions of migration and natural increase are assessed. The impact of migration on social development is then considered, with a distinction made between seasonal migration by the very poor and permanent migration by those of a higher socioeconomic status. The development of a new urban social structure in these countries is noted.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

52:30099 Niedworok, Nelly. Changes in the demographic structure and the spatial distribution in the process of rural depopulation, Uruguay, 1950-1970. [Los cambios de la estructura demografica y de la distribucion espacial en un proceso de despoblamiento rural, Uruguay, 1950-1970.] [1985]. 33 pp. Centro de Informaciones y Estudios del Uruguay [CIESU]: Montevideo, Uruguay. In Spa.
Changes in the demographic structure and spatial distribution of the population of Uruguay between 1950 and 1970 are reviewed. The emphasis is on the changes affecting the rural population, including rural depopulation.
Location: New York Public Library.

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.