Volume 52 - Number 3 - Fall 1986

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

52:30001 Song, Jian; Yu, Jing-Yuan. Population control. 1985. vi, 308 pp. Science Publishers: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is a general study on aspects of population control. Subjects discussed include mathematical models for population systems; population indicators, including life expectancy, reproduction, aging, and fertility; population trends; stable populations; population policy and forecasting; and the ideal population structure. The primary geographic focus is on China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30002 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Statistical Office (New York, New York). Demographic yearbook, 1984. [Annuaire demographique, 1984.] 36th ed. No. ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R14, Pub. Order No. E/F.85.XIII.1. ISBN 92-1-051066-6. 1986. ix, 1,150 pp. New York, New York. In Eng; Fre.
This annual collection of international population statistics includes data on approximately 220 countries or areas around the world. Data are primarily from official national sources, supplemented in certain instances by estimates prepared by the U.N. Population Division. "The tables in the Yearbook are presented in two parts, the basic tables followed by the tables devoted to population censuses, the special topic in this issue. The first part contains tables giving a world summary of basic demographic statistics, followed by tables presenting statistics on the size, distribution and trends in population, natality, foetal mortality, infant and maternal mortality, general mortality, nuptiality and divorce."
The second part updates the census information presented in the 1979 edition of this publication. "The tables on economic characteristics show the economically active population by age, sex, industry and occupation and status in employment. The female economically active population is shown by marital status and age, and the not economically active population by functional categories. Data are shown by urban/rural residence in many of the tables."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30003 Urlanis, B. Ts. Selections. [Izbrannoe.] LC 85-229540. 1985. 253 pp. Mysl': Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of essays, addresses, and lectures by the late Boris Ts. Urlanis. It is divided into two parts containing scholastic studies and journalistic works. Topics covered include population growth in Europe, 300 years of demography, how Russian demography started, life expectancy and change by generation, and mortality differentials by sex.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30004 Villee, Claude A. Fallout from the population explosion. An ICUS Book, ISBN 0-89226-028-9. LC 85-12179. 1985. xvi, 263 pp. Paragon House Publishers: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a selection of papers from the proceedings of the Eighth, Tenth, and Eleventh International Conferences on the Unity of the Sciences, together with three papers written for this volume by the editor. The focus is on the world population situation and its consequences. The first four papers are concerned with current population trends. Two papers then deal with health services and population control. Next, the consequences of current population trends for natural resources and the environment and for labor migration and international trade are considered. A paper on financial and social disincentives follows, based on the example of China's one-child policy.
Three papers are included on technological and sociological aspects of global population trends. A final section, under the general heading of the food supply crisis, includes 10 papers that deal with population policies and with the problems of demographic aging.
Location: Population Council Library, New York, N.Y.

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

52:30005 Population Crisis Committee (Washington, D.C.). The United Nations Fund for Population Activities. Population, No. 17, Jul 1986. 4 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This briefing paper describes the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and its activities.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

52:30006 Artzrouni, Marc. Generalized stable population theory. Journal of Mathematical Biology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1985. 363-81 pp. Heidelberg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
"In generalizing stable population theory we give sufficient, then necessary conditions under which a population subject to time dependent vital rates reaches an asymptotic stable exponential equilibrium (as if mortality and fertility were constant)."
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Md.

52:30007 Artzrouni, Marc. On the dynamics of a population subject to slowly changing vital rates. Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 80, No. 2, Aug 1986. 265-90 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Approximate closed-form expressions are given for the birth and death rates, the age-specific growth rates, and age distribution of a population subject to slowly changing vital rates. The slower these rates have changed in the recent past, the better the approximations will be. These results, which are reminiscent of stable population theory, are tested by projecting the female population of the United States subject to realistically changing levels of fertility."
The results show that "the closed-form expressions yield quite accurate results and show that the dynamics of a population subject to slowly changing vital rates are to a large extent independent of the particular patterns of fertility. As in stable population theory, the asymptotic behavior of such a population is essentially determined by current survival rates and recent values of the intrinsic growth rate."
Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

52:30008 Handwerker, W. Penn. The modern demographic transition: an analysis of subsistence choices and reproductive consequences. American Anthropologist, Vol. 88, No. 2, Jun 1986. 400-17 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper argues that fertility transition comes about when personal material well-being is determined less by personal relationships than by formal education and skill training. This transformation occurs when changes in opportunity structure and the labor market increasingly reward educationally acquired skills and perspectives, for these changes have the effect of sharply limiting or eliminating the expected intergenerational income flows from or through children."
"This modification and extension of Caldwell's wealth flows model permits us to account for historical-, regional-, and social-class-specific differences in the onset and pace of fertility transition, and points to new, macro-level socioeconomic indicators whose ability to account for historical variation in fertility is validated by a preliminary test."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30009 Hofstee, E. W. The modernisation of the demographic pattern: the case of the Netherlands. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 3, Dec 1985. 213-28 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"The author criticizes the concept of demographic transition because it fails to give an adequate understanding of changes in the demographic structure of Western Europe in the 19th and 20th century. He hypothesizes that modern birth control was an innovation made possible by the rise of the modern pattern of culture. The slow decrease in marital fertility and the slow increase in the proportion of women married in the reproductive age groups in the Netherlands are analyzed separately."
Particular attention is given to the impact of the Catholic practice of confessionalism. The concept of asymmetric tolerance is developed to explain differential fertility by religion. Such a concept is defined as a situation in which tolerance levels for the dominant group in a society are different from those for the dominated groups.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30010 Liu, Zheng; Li, Jingneng. Population theory manual. 1985. 511 pp. Chinese People's University: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This is a basic manual on population theory. Topics covered include human reproduction; population quality; population structure; population laws; population distribution and migration; economic aspects; marriage, family, and reproduction; population and ecology; population policy; population planning; and various Marxist population theories. The primary geographic focus is on China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30011 Meir, Avinoam. Demographic transition theory: a neglected aspect of the nomadism-sedentarism continuum. Institute of British Geographers: Transactions, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1986. 199-211 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The changes in mode of production associated with the change from the nomadic to the sedentary way of life are explored, with particular reference to their demographic consequences. "An adaptation of demographic transition theory to the nomadism-sedentarism continuum is proposed by treating demographic change as transition between demographic regimes associated with specific modes of production and suggesting that fertility increases and later declines, and mortality decreases along the continuum. Rising fertility during sedentarization is assumed to be a consequence of both social modernization and economic growth, which complement conventional theoretical statements."
The data are from a number of African countries, together with a case study from Israel. They "suggest that birth rates do increase along the continuum but their decline at post-sedentarization, although possible, will depend on trends in the general rural sector. In several cases, mortality rates of sedentarizing nomads have been found to be higher than for nomads, suggesting deficient public health measures. Nevertheless, natural increase rates of sedentarizing nomads are considerably higher than those of pastoral nomads. This adaptation may help to achieve the goals of filling a gap in demographic transition theory and providing a conceptual framework for future research of more detailed and specific case studies."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:30012 Ng, Yew-Kwang. On the welfare economics of population control. Population and Development Review, Vol. 12, No. 2, Jun 1986. 247-66, 377-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"In the absence of gross ignorance and external costs, allowing free choice of families to have more children is a Pareto improvement and bestows external benefits on the additional people and on existing people through reduced per capita costs of public goods, increased range of choice, and faster advancement in knowledge. Popular arguments for population control (congestion, limitation of resources, unemployment, the isolation paradox, and the like) are shown to be invalid, insignificant, or calling only for pricing efficiency."
It is concluded that "the provision of birth control information and medical and educational charges for additional children may be warranted, but welfare economics provides no support for measures to limit population."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30013 Parsons, Jack. Human competitive breeding. Social Biology and Human Affairs, Vol. 49, No. 1, 1984. 1-22 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author discusses the concept of population competition and the resultant positive and negative strategies used by groups to maintain or enhance their relative size. He provides historical examples of pro-natalism and competitive breeding and also discusses the association between various sociopolitical systems and pro-natalism. Attitudes toward population growth in various regions of the world are outlined. In conclusion, the author summarizes the major premises of the competitive breeding argument and considers whether these ideas and related strategies have any effect on reproductive behavior.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30014 Riley, James C. Population thought in the age of the demographic revolution. ISBN 0-89089-257-1. LC 83-70312. 1985. xvii, 225 pp. Carolina Academic Press: Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The development of population theory in the eighteenth century is examined. Rather than describing the succession of ideas concerning population growth, the author attempts to describe and analyze the framework of assumptions, ideas, and areas of interest within which an understanding of population issues was sought. This approach involves consideration of a wide number of topics, including "probability theory and mathematical expectation, the vital statistics of man and man's environment, epidemic disease, government finance, social welfare projects, and insurance as well as...population thought and experience."
Particular attention is given to the way eighteenth-century thinkers tackled the analysis of the causes of population growth given the different experiences of individual countries. The emphasis of the study is on the development of thought in the period and its implications, rather than on the demographic developments themselves.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30015 Russell, Claire; Russell, W. M. S. Overpopulation crisis. Social Biology and Human Affairs, Vol. 49, No. 1, 1984. 23-42 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors review research on violence among animals as a check on population, with some discussion of possible applications to theories of human population growth. A brief discussion of human population crises and cycles is included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

52:30016 Scardovi, Italo. Demography and biology: marginal notes. [Demografia e biologia: annotazioni marginali.] Genus, Vol. 41, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1985. 107-13 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Fre; Eng.
The author examines the relationship between demography and biology in the context of recent conference proceedings edited by Nathan Keyfitz entitled "Population and biology." The need to reconsider some basic conceptions of these sciences and their natural and social relevance is suggested.
For the study edited by Keyfitz, published in 1984, see 51:10021.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30017 Serow, William J. Regional science and applied demography: ever the twain should meet. Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 13, No. 1, Winter 1983. 1-3 pp. Clemson, South Carolina. In Eng.
The author makes the case for a closer relationship between regional science and applied demography. He finds a common interest in both disciplines in the application of basically empirical methods of analysis toward the solution of practical problems. This was the Presidential Address to the 1983 annual meeting of the Southern Regional Science Association.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

52:30018 Barrere, Bernard. Demography. [Demographie.] Oct 1984. 182 pp. Universite d'Abidjan, Faculte des Sciences Economiques: Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Fre.
This textbook on demography is designed for undergraduates taking their first year in economics. The geographic focus is worldwide, but extensive use is made of examples from the Ivory Coast. The book is divided into two parts. The first deals with sources of data, including censuses, vital statistics, and surveys. The second is concerned with the methods of demographic analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30019 Clark, W. A. V. Human migration. Scientific Geography Series, Vol. 7, ISBN 0-8039-2739-8. LC 85-62429. 1986. 96 pp. Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, California/London, England. In Eng.
This book is designed as an introductory textbook to the study of human migration. The first chapter is concerned with definitions, rates, and data. Chapters are then presented on residential mobility, regional migration, and international migration. Examples from many regions of the world are presented to support the theories outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30020 Minguzzi, Assunta. An introduction to demography. [Initiation a la demographie.] ISBN 88-371-0276-3. 1983. 204 pp. Pitagora Editrice: Bologna, Italy. In Fre.
This is a general introduction to the study of demography, with a focus on the demography of France and Italy. The sources of population data are first described. Sections are included on the distribution of the world's population; age and sex distribution; and the labor force, mortality, fertility, international migration, and the family in France and Italy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:30021 Stetsenko, S. G.; Kozachenko, I. V. Demographic statistics. [Demograficheskaya statistika.] LC 85-119046. 1984. 407 pp. Golovnoe Izdatel'stvo Izdatel'skogo Ob''edineniya Vishcha Shkola: Kiev, USSR. In Ukr.
This textbook outlines a system of statistical methods for investigating the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of population. It deals with the general theory of demographic methods and with methods of analyzing births, mortality, nuptiality, and modeling various processes of population change. Significant space is devoted to censuses, vital statistics, and sample surveys. The primary geographic focus is on the USSR.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:30022 Weeks, John R. Population: an introduction to concepts and issues. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-534-06138-9. LC 85-26396. 1986. xviii, 525 pp. Wadsworth Publishing: Belmont, California. In Eng.
This is the third edition of this secondary school textbook on demography. It is organized into five sections. The first section introduces the concepts of demography and the current world population situation. The second describes the basic demographic variables of fertility, mortality, and migration. The third section deals with population characteristics, including age and sex distribution, occupations, income, marital status, race and ethnicity, and religion. The fourth section is concerned with the relationship between population and such issues as women and the family, aging, urbanization, economic development, and food supply.
The fifth section considers population policy issues and the concept of demographics. The life table and net reproduction rate are dealt with in an appendix. The geographic focus is on both the United States and the world.
For the second edition, published in 1978, see 44:3039.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.