Volume 52 - Number 2 - Summer 1986

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

52:20476 Boulier, Bryan L. The effects of age mis-statement on estimates of net migration. Janasamkhya, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jun 1984. 29-37 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"This paper presents an explicit derivation of effects of age misstatement on census survival rates (CSR) and life table survival rate (LTSR) estimates of net migration and net migration rates. In the presence of age misstatement, CSR estimates of migration and migration rates are generally biased, although the direction of bias is not always clear. The paper also shows how the analysis of errors due to age misstatement is related to past analyses of errors due to underenumeration."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20477 Boutillier, Jean-Louis; Quesnel, Andre; Vaugelade, Jacques. Migration of young people in Burkina. [La migration de la jeunesse du Burkina.] Cahiers ORSTOM: Serie Sciences Humaines, Vol. 21, No. 2-3, 1985. 243-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Migration patterns in Burkina Faso, contributing factors, and migrant characteristics are examined. Data are from published literature for the years 1969-1973. Net emigration from Burkina Faso, primarily to the Ivory Coast and Ghana, is shown to be the predominant trend. The migrant population consists largely of men aged 15-30 from the rural Mossi regions. The socioeconomic context contributing to the observed emigration and the benefits to the communities of origin as a result of these movements are considered. The impact of return migration on agricultural development is discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20478 Caces, Fe; Arnold, Fred; Fawcett, James T.; Gardner, Robert W. Shadow households and competing auspices: migration behavior in the Philippines. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, Jan-Feb 1985. 5-28 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In this paper, two concepts related to spatial mobility at the household level are introduced: 'shadow households' and 'competing auspices'. The shadow household consists of all individuals who are not presently living in a household but whose principal obligations and commitments are to that household. According to the competing auspices concept, intentions to move from point X to point Y are, ceteris paribus, positively related to the presence of relatives or close friends at point Y and negatively related to such links at any other point Z."
These concepts are illustrated using data from a sample survey of 1,700 individuals undertaken in Ilocos Norte province, the Philippines. Comments by Irma Adelman (pp. 27-8) are included.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1982 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 48, No. 3, Fall 1982, p. 477).
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20479 de Leeuw, Frank. The economic effects of immigration: specification of a model. Impacts of Immigration in California Policy Discussion Paper, No. PDS-85-3, Dec 1985. 39 pp. Urban Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author elaborates a theoretical model for simulating the economic impact of immigration. "The model focuses on employment, unemployment, and wage rates in six submarkets of a national labor market--three in each of two regions. The three submarkets in each region cover (1) unskilled labor, (2) labor whose skills come primarily from on-the-job training and experience, and (3) labor whose skills come largely from formal education. The two regions are a 'region of immigration' and a 'rest of the country.'".
The simulation indicates "that the effects of an increase in the annual flow of immigrants are highly sensitive to the substitutability between labor and capital and among different kinds of labor; to the responsiveness of wage changes to unemployment; to the presence or absence of wage rigidity; and to the skill mix of immigrants....Effects are quite sensitive to regional behavior, specifically, to the response of interregional migration and interregional trade to wage and price differentials."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20480 Franz, Peter. The sociology of spatial mobility: an introduction. [Soziologie der raumlichen Mobilitat: eine Einfuhrung.] Campus Studium, Vol. 556, ISBN 3-593-32556-X. 1984. 228 pp. Campus: New York, New York/Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This introduction to the sociology of spatial mobility is intended for sociologists, geographers, and spatial planners. Basic concepts and major theoretical approaches are first reviewed, and policy measures designed to influence mobility are discussed. Various types of spatial movement are covered, including internal and international migration, residential mobility, and commuting; however, special emphasis is given to urban flight. The geographic focus is primarily on the Federal Republic of Germany.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20481 Hugo, Graeme. Investigating community-level effects on population movement. In: The collection and analysis of community data. WFS seminar on collection and analysis of data on community and institutional factors, 20-23 June 1983, edited by John B. Casterline. 1985. 157-75 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands; World Fertility Survey [WFS]: London, England. In Eng.
"In this paper the focus is upon the use of the community as a unit of analysis in seeking an understanding of the causes and impact of population mobility in Third World situations. It draws particularly upon the writer's field experience in the investigation of population mobility at the community level in Indonesia....This paper begins with a brief consideration of the problems involved in defining what in fact a community-level approach is and then proceeds to address the question of why community-level studies of migration should be undertaken. It then summarizes how community-level analyses have contributed to an understanding of population mobility."
The author next turns to "more pragmatic data collection issues associated with a community-level approach and critically considers some of the types of community-level studies of population mobility that have been undertaken. A final section of the paper comprises a discussion of the strengths and limitations of existing community-level research on population mobility as a basis for making some suggestions for the design of future data collection and analysis strategies of this type."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20482 Khomra, O. U. The interrelationships among territorial mobility types: a study of methodological aspects. [Vzaemozv"yazky vydiv terytorial'noi mobil'nosti: metodychni aspekty vyvchennya.] Demohrafichni Doslidzhennya, No. 9, 1985. 34-42 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Ukr. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The interrelationships among various types of migration are analyzed, with a focus on the distinction between synchronous and asynchronous trends. An approach to the measurement of global population mobility is outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20483 Long, John F. Migration and the phases of population redistribution. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, Jan-Feb 1985. 29-45 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
A macro-level theory of population redistribution is developed in association with the process of socioeconomic development. The author suggests that the major shifts in migration that occur over time "are associated with shifts in population settlement patterns as population concentrates in urban centers in response to the need for greater social and economic interaction during the early stages of development and then deconcentrates as improved transportation and communication permit much of the increased interaction to be performed at a distance." The need to study minor shifts in population in the context of settlement patterns is also noted.
The author concludes that "migration, population redistribution, and population settlement patterns are closely related phenomena that would benefit from a unified theoretical framework." A comment by Jacob Mincer (pp. 43-5) is included.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1982 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 48, No. 3, Fall 1982, p. 477).
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20484 Morejon Seijas, Blanca. Cuban migration in the United States: historical patterns. [Migracion cubana en Estados Unidos: patrones historicos.] Serie Monografica del CEDEM, No. 9, Sep 1985. 22 pp. Universidad de la Habana, Area de Ciencias Economicas, Centro de Estudios Demograficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
A review of Cuban migration to and within the United States in the twentieth century is presented. Consideration is given to changes in migration patterns of Cubans to the United States over time in relation to both economic and political factors. The characteristics of the population of Cuban origin residing in the United States are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20485 Ogden, Philip E.; Butcher, Ivor J.; Jones, Anne M.; Jones, Peter C.; Winchester, Hilary P. M. Migrants in modern France: four studies. Department of Geography and Earth Science Occasional Paper, No. 23, ISBN 0-904791-28-9. Jun 1984. 86 pp. University of London, Queen Mary College, Department of Geography and Earth Science: London, England. In Eng.
This report presents four individual studies on aspects of migration in France since 1945. Following a general introduction, the first paper considers the evolution of international migration affecting Lyons up to 1985. The next paper examines the impact of immigration on residential patterns and the housing market in Marseilles. A study on migration from Guadeloupe and Martinique to France analyzes both the effect of migration on the islands of origin and the settlement patterns of West Indians in France. The final paper focuses on rural depopulation in the Isere department.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20486 Ramachandran, P. Migration data corrected for mortality risk: India, 1961-71. Janasamkhya, Vol. 2, No. 2, Dec 1984. 75-81 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"The migration data of the census relate to surviving migrants only. Therefore those who had moved out from region i to j, but died before the census date cannot be taken into account while calculating migration rates. By correcting the Indian migration data for mortality risk, the extent of under estimation of migrants has been found to be about 4.8 percent for a duration of 5 year period and 9.7 percent for a duration of 10 years prior to the Census of 1971."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20487 Sanders, Thomas G. Portuguese migrants--international and domestic. UFSI Report, No. 18, 1985. 8 pp. Universities Field Staff International: Indianapolis, Indiana. In Eng.
Migration trends affecting Portugal are reviewed. Both international and internal migration are considered, with emphasis on twentieth-century trends. Regional comparisons within Portugal in migration patterns are analyzed.
Location: Johns Hopkins University, Population Information Program, Baltimore, Md.

52:20488 Venegas, Sylvia. Conventional theories and new perspectives on the study of migration: an appraisal of Latin American and U.S.A. literature. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 8: 1986, No. 8.003, 1986. 41, [16] pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The author compares and seeks to integrate the major conceptual frameworks, specifically, economic theory, human ecology, modernization theory, and Marxist theory, that have been used to explain migration. Selected U.S. and Latin American works are reviewed. A "life strategy approach" is suggested as particularly relevant to Latin American migration experiences. The constraints of each of the explanations of geographic mobility patterns are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

52:20489 Ageron, Charles-Robert. Immigration from the Maghrib to France: a historical survey. [L'immigration maghrebine en France: un survol historique.] Vingtieme Siecle, No. 7, Jul-Sep 1985. 59-70 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of immigration from North Africa to France is presented. Consideration is given to motives for migration and to the changes that have occurred since the 1950s.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20490 Atzema, O. A. L. C.; Buursink, J. Regional distribution and internal migration of migrants from the Mediterranean region in the Netherlands. [Regionale spreiding en binnenlandse migratie van Mediterranen in Nederland.] Geografisch Tijdschrift, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1985. 113-22 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of the population from Mediterranean countries resident in the Netherlands in 1983 is presented. It is noted that this population, constituting about 2.2 percent of the total population, is primarily located in urban areas. With virtually no further immigration in recent years, the distribution of the immigrant population has remained relatively stable. Differences in location among migrant groups from different countries are noted.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:20491 Bach, Robert L. Western Hemispheric immigration to the United States: a review of selected research trends. Hemispheric Migration Project Occasional Paper Series, 1985. iv, 148 pp. Georgetown University, Center for Immigration Policy and Refugee Assistance, Hemispheric Migration Project: Washington, D.C.; Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM]: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the available literature on Western Hemispheric migration to the United States. Three areas of research are selected for detailed discussion. These include the relationship between economic development and migration, the role of immigrants in the U.S. labor market, and U.S. immigration and refugee policies as they are related to the Americas. The goal is to examine critically the assumptions of research and policy for each issue and to provide examples of alternative perspectives or historical interpretations."
In the paper, "the present debate over immigration reform is examined as a transition period that challenges an immigration policy rooted in the 1960s movement for social and civil rights and attempts in the 1970s to forge an open, multi-lateral basis for foreign policy. The new social forces that drive immigration reform have as their general principles the fiscal disciplining of the economy and U.S. workforce, and a sharp move toward particularistic, bilateral foreign policies....Throughout the paper, there is an attempt to identify new directions in research on immigration and refugees."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20492 Baines, Dudley. Migration in a mature economy: emigration and internal migration in England and Wales, 1861-1900. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 3, ISBN 0-521-30153-X. LC 85-7777. 1986. xiv, 354 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
Emigration from England and Wales in the latter part of the nineteenth century is examined. The author presents a method for estimating the county of birth of the 2.3 million emigrants who left between 1861 and 1900. The rate and timing of emigration is related to the social and economic conditions of the counties concerned. He concludes that emigrants did not generally come from peripheral areas, but from large towns; that return migration to England and Wales was more frequent than for emigrants from elsewhere in Europe; and that emigrants were well-informed concerning the costs and benefits of migration and were not generally fleeing from poverty but acting on well-considered decisions to emigrate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20493 Balan, Jorge. International migration in the Southern Cone. Hemispheric Migration Project Occasional Paper Series, Oct 1985. i, 114 pp. Georgetown University, Center for Immigration Policy and Refugee Assistance: Washington, D.C.; Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author surveys recent trends in international migration in South America and traces the transformation of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay from primarily immigration countries to emigration countries. "European immigration of the 19th and early 20th centuries is compared to modern border migration. In a country-by-country review, the paper underscores the differences in the spatial and economic integration of migrants over time, with particular attention to labor market impacts. The characteristics of major flows between countries, as well as the economic and political determinants and consequences of emigration are examined from the perspective of sending and receiving countries."
Distinguishing between urban and rural emigration patterns, the author finds that "rural emigration was spurred by one of three developments: capitalist transformation, agrarian stagnation, or the partial renovation and proletarianization of the peasant economy. Urban emigration was linked to excess labor in specific economic sectors and/or political changes and deterioration in the overall quality of life." Trends in return migration are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20494 Bean, Frank D.; Lowell, B. Lindsay; Taylor, Lowell. The impact of undocumented Mexican immigration on the earnings of other groups in metropolitan labor markets in the United States. Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 8: 1986, No. 8.007, 1986. 28 pp. University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center: Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The primary concern of this paper is with the economic effect of illegal migration to the United States, particularly from Mexico. The focus is on the impact of undocumented migrants on the U.S. labor force. The authors examine this impact for four metropolitan labor markets in the southwest using data from official U.S. sources, including the 1980 census. They conclude that undocumented Mexican migration does not exert a large impact on the local labor markets examined.
This paper was originally presented at the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. A more complete abstract will appear in Population Index, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1986.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20495 Bidegain, Gabriel. Immigrants: myth or reality? [Inmigrantes: mito o realidad?] Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales Documento de Trabajo, No. 23, May 1986. 25 pp. Universidad Catolica Andres Bello, Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas y Sociales: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
An attempt is made to estimate the total number of immigrants arriving in Venezuela during the 1970s, including both legal and illegal immigrants. Some consideration is also given to the available data concerning the 1980s and to future immigration prospects.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20496 Chaney, Elsa M. Migration from the Caribbean region: determinants and effects of current movements. Hemispheric Migration Project Occasional Paper Series, Mar 1985. xv, 144 pp. Georgetown University, Center for Immigration Policy and Refugee Assistance: Washington, D.C.; Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author analyzes trends in Caribbean migration using census data and data collected by international organizations. Intra-regional migration and emigration to the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States are considered, and a historical overview back to the mid-nineteenth century is presented.
It is noted that "outmigration has 'cancelled out' significant percentages of the population increases in Caribbean countries since 1950. Low intercensal growth rates in the 1960-1970 decade were achieved primarily by adult emigration rather than by lowering the birth rates. In the short term, migration reduces pressure on labour markets, but it increases the proportion of those in the dependent-age groups." Patterns of return migration during the last century are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20497 Chiswick, Barry R.; Chiswick, Carmel U.; Miller, Paul W. Are immigrants and natives perfect substitutes in production? International Migration Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 1985. 674-85 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"It is hypothesized that immigrant and native labor are less than perfect substitutes in production. Natives are relatively more intensive in country-specific knowledge and skills. Immigrants are relatively more intensive in the characteristics that influence self-selection for migration, including innate ability, ambition, entrepreneurship, and aggressiveness. The hypothesis is tested by comparing, for five major immigrant receiving countries, the ratio of immigrant to native labor and the ratio of immigrant (and second-generation) to native earnings, other variables held constant."
The data for Australia, Canada, Israel, the United Kingdom, and the United States concern the 1970s and 1980s, and are from both censuses and surveys.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20498 Chiswick, Barry R. Illegal aliens: a preliminary report on an employee-employer survey. American Economic Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, May 1986. 253-7 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the illegal alien labor market in the United States. It uses data from a survey of 300 apprehended male illegal aliens and 300 matched employers undertaken in Chicago, Illinois, in 1983. The wages of illegal aliens are analyzed. Consideration is also given to on-the-job training.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20499 Conde, Julien; Diagne, Pap S.; Ouaidou, N. G.; Boye, K.; Kader, A. International south-north migration. A case study: migrants from the Senegal River valley of Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal, in France. [Les migrations internationales sud-nord. Une etude de cas: les migrants maliens, mauritaniens et senegalais de la Vallee du Fleuve Senegal, en France.] Textes du Centre de Developpement, Pub. Order No. 36.061. Apr 1986. 154 pp. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD], Development Centre: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors report on a joint project conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Institute of the Sahel to examine migration from Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal to France. Attention is given to the causes, consequences, and impact of the migration trends. Data are from surveys conducted both in France and in the sending countries in 1982.
Following an examination of the data collection methodology used, a brief overview of the economics and geography of the sending regions is presented. The structure of the migrant population is then compared with that of the population remaining in the region of origin in terms of age, sex, marital status, employment status, and education. The history of various types of migration involving France and the Senegal River valley countries is discussed, with consideration given to temporary and permanent migration, international migration, and return migration. The economic and social costs and benefits for both sending and receiving regions are examined, and laws and regulations pertaining to migrants in both areas are described.
The authors conclude with suggestions concerning the formulation of policies to reduce emigration from Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal and to encourage the return of emigrants to their country of origin. The questionnaires used and a series of statistical tables are included in accompanying appendixes, presented under separate cover.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20500 Cooper, Ann. Hazy numbers complicate the debate over how to slow illegal immigration. National Journal, Vol. 17, No. 23, Jun 8, 1985. 1,340-5 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The inadequacy of current data concerning illegal immigration to the United States is described. The role of insufficient data in impeding reform of the immigration laws is noted. A summary of the conflicting research results concerning the impact of such immigration is included.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20501 Cooper, Dereck W. Migration from Jamaica in the 1970s: political protest or economic pull? International Migration Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 1985. 728-45 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"A number of commentators in both newspapers and journals have implied that the high rates of out-migration from Jamaica in the late 70s were essentially a response to the democratic socialist policies of the Manley administration in that country. However, a more detailed examination of the data on patterns of migration in previous years reveals not only that the high rates were part of an on-going trend set soon after World War II, but also that the various fluctuations in rates from year to year correspond more to the immigration policies of receiving countries than to the policies of the sending nation."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20502 Diez-Canedo Ruiz, Juan. Undocumented migration from Mexico to the United States: a new focus. [La migracion indocumentada de Mexico a los Estados Unidos: un nuevo enfoque.] ISBN 968-16-1742-8. 1984. 208 pp. Fondo de Cultura Economica: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Undocumented migration from Mexico to the United States is analyzed, with a focus on both the causes and consequences of this migration. An attempt is made to estimate the volume of illegal migration and its role in the complementary relationship that exists between the labor forces of the two countries concerned. Data are primarily from interviews conducted in 1975 and 1976 with 218 individuals in the Mexican state of Jalisco and from a survey of migrant remittances. The author develops the hypothesis that two migration systems coexist in Mexico, one involving internal rural-urban migration, the other involving migration to the United States.
This study is a translation of a doctoral thesis originally presented at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20503 Donato, Katharine M.; Tyree, Andrea. Family reunification, health professionals, and the sex composition of immigrants to the United States. Sociology and Social Research, Vol. 70, No. 3, Apr 1986. 226-30 pp. Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
Reasons why recent U.S. immigration has been predominantly female are explored. Several hypotheses are considered. The hypothesis that the immigration of trained female nurses and health workers is a primary source of the imbalance in the migrant sex ratio is rejected. The authors conclude that family reunification accounts for the sex distribution of U.S. immigration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20504 Ethier, Wilfred J. Illegal immigration. American Economic Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, May 1986. 258-62 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
An economic approach to the analysis of illegal migration is presented. The author develops a model of illegal migration concerning the United States that is used to examine the effect of alternative policies designed to control such migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20505 Feithen, Rosemarie. Labor force migration in the European Community: motives and regional policy implications. [Arbeitskraftewanderungen in der Europaischen Gemeinschaft: Bestimmungsgrunde und regionalpolitische Implikationen.] Forschungsberichte des Instituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik (IBS), Universitat Bielefeld, Vol. 9, ISBN 3-593-33453- 4. 1985. 172 pp. Campus: New York, New York/Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The determinants of labor force migration between the member states of the European Community are investigated using regression analysis, and an attempt is made to develop a model of this migration. The factors affecting the regional distribution of foreign workers in the Community are also examined. In the final chapters, the impact of migration on regional labor market structure and on regional economic policy is assessed. Special attention is given to the expected consequences of admitting additional countries to the Community.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20506 Findlay, A. M. Migrants' dreams and planners' nightmares: international labour migration in the Arab world and the growth of two sets of cities. Cities, Vol. 2, No. 4, Nov 1985. 331-9 pp. Guildford, England. In Eng.
"The author investigates how trends in international labour migration in the Arab world have been paralleled by new directions in migration research....[She] seeks to evaluate why the urban impact of international migration is so great and outlines the considerable potential which exists for pursuing research on this aspect of urban development."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:20507 France. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE] (Paris, France). Contours and characteristics: foreigners in France. [Contours et caracteres: les etrangers en France.] ISBN 2-11-064910-0. [1985?]. 64 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one of a planned series of publications which provide information on various subpopulations in France based on data from official sources. The present publication concentrates on the foreign population resident in France. Information is included on total migrant population, the history of immigration, naturalization, reasons for immigration, residence characteristics, age and sex, marriages, children, deaths, labor force, employment, salaries, family and household, education, crime, social welfare, remittances, and labor migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20508 Gillette, Alain; Sayad, Abdelmalek. Algerian immigration in France. [L'immigration algerienne en France.] 2nd rev. ed. ISBN 2-7266-0018-2. 1984. 286 pp. Editions Entente: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors trace the history of Algerian immigration in France from the late nineteenth century to the early 1980s. Attention is given to migration policies and to demographic and economic changes that influence migration. Increasing unemployment among Algerian workers in France in recent years is discussed, and aspects of the social and cultural alienation experienced by Algerians living in France are considered. Particular emphasis is given to patterns of dependency and restrained economic development that the authors associate with the observed migratory flows.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:20509 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel); Israel. Ministry of Immigrant Absorption (Jerusalem, Israel); Jewish Agency. Aliyah and Absorption Department (Jerusalem, Israel). Survey on absorption of immigrants. Immigrants of the seventies--the first three years in Israel. Immigrants of 1972/73-1974/75 and 1978/79-1979/80. Central Bureau of Statistics Special Series, No. 771, 1986. 169, xvi pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
"This publication presents data on the absorption of immigrants who arrived in Israel in the seventies from the Immigrant Absorption Survey carried out currently since September 1969." Topics considered include labor force participation, housing, acquisition of Hebrew, and social life during the first three years of their stay.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20510 Jordan, Thomas E. "Stay and starve, or go and prosper." Juvenile emigration from Great Britain in the nineteenth century. Social Science History, Vol. 9, No. 2, Spring 1985. 145-66 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
A review of the emigration from Britain and Ireland of children and adolescents in the nineteenth century is presented. Consideration is given to motivation for migration and to destinations of migrants and changes in destinations over time.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:20511 Lattes, Alfredo E. Migration to Latin America and the Caribbean since the beginning of the nineteenth century. [Migraciones hacia America Latina y el Caribe desde principios del siglo XIX.] Cuaderno del CENEP, No. 35, Sep 1985. 34 pp. Centro de Estudios de Poblacion [CENEP]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
A review of migration trends to Latin America and the Caribbean from 1800 to 1970 is presented. Consideration is given to the places of origin and destination of migrants, the total number of migrants and migrant streams, the number of migrants who stayed permanently, and the impact of migrants on the populations at places of destination. The data are from a variety of sources, primarily from the United Nations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20512 Le Bras, Herve. The location and occupations of foreigners in France since 1851. [Lieux et metiers des etrangers en France depuis 1851.] Vingtieme Siecle, No. 7, Jul-Sep 1985. 19-35 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of trends in immigration to France since 1851 is presented using official data. The focus is on changes in the spatial distribution of immigrants over time. Consideration is also given to differences in the spatial distribution of different nationalities in 1851, the role of foreigners in the labor force by sector in 1891, and the proportion of foreigners in the labor force in 1936.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20513 Lundahl, Mats. International migration, remittances and real incomes: effects on the source country. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 87, No. 4, 1985. 647-57 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This article deals with the impact of remittances from emigrants on real incomes for different groups in their country of origin in a two-by-two model with one traded and one nontraded good. It is shown that emigration does not necessarily raise the real income of the emigrants themselves. If the traded good is capital intensive, nonmigrant workers gain and capitalists lose, whereas if it is labor intensive, the outcome depends on what happens to the price of the nontraded good. The result of a rise is that capitalists gain and workers lose, while a fall has the opposite effect."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20514 Milza, Pierre. A century of foreign immigration in France. [Un siecle d'immigration etrangere en France.] Vingtieme Siecle, No. 7, Jul-Sep 1985. 3-17 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of trends in immigration to France over the past 100 years is presented. The author stresses the positive contribution that past immigration has made to the country's demographic development and considers the likelihood that present immigration will have an equally beneficial demographic impact.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20515 Morales, Julio. Puerto Rican poverty and migration: we just had to try elsewhere. Praeger Special Studies, ISBN 0-275-92020-8. LC 85-19439. 1986. xvii, 253 pp. Praeger: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author addresses a wide range of questions concerning the socioeconomic and political status of Puerto Rican immigrants in the United States and proceeds by surveying military, political, economic, and social relations between the two countries. Attention is also given to the history of the island prior to U.S. involvement, of European immigration to the United States, of black migration to northern U.S. cities, and of Puerto Rican migration to New York, New England, and other parts of the United States. The particular focus is on the poverty experienced by many Puerto Rican immigrants and on its underlying causes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20516 Naranjo Orovio, Consuelo; Gonzalez Martinez, Elda E. Bibliographic notes on Spanish emigration to Latin America in the twentieth century: the case of Cuba and Brazil. [Notas bibliograficas sobre la emigracion espanola a America Latina en el siglo XX: el caso de Cuba y Brasil.] Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociologicas, No. 26, Apr-Jun 1984. 215-26 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
A review of the literature on twentieth-century emigration from Spain is presented. The emphasis is on migration from Spain to Cuba and Brazil.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20517 O'Loughlin, J. Immigration to Western Europe, 1952-1982: a time-series analysis of movement to Sweden, France, and Essen. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 18, No. 3, Mar 1986. 375-99 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Two contradictory approaches--an equilibrium view based on neoclassical economic principles and a structuralist view based on labour needs of core economies--dominate contemporary international migration research. Using a monthly time-series for Essen [Federal Republic of Germany], Sweden, and France for 1952-1982 of immigration by different nationalities, a specific hypothesis derived from the neoclassical view, relating immigration to economic growth and stagnation, was tested using the Box-Jenkins ARIMA modelling approach."
The only support for the hypothesis came from the example of the local labor market in Essen. The author notes that "most migration flows are described by complex ARIMA models. Immigration legislation had a stronger and more direct effect on the strength and timing of flows than economic trends. Predictions based on univariate and bivariate models are not very useful: immigration trends over the past decade are significantly different from earlier flows."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:20518 Owen, Michael; Schnare, Ann B. Foreign workers in OECD countries: the social and economic consequences. Research in Urban Economics, Vol. 5, 1985. 53-74 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
Recent trends in the migration of foreign workers to the capitalist countries of Europe are analyzed. The paper begins with an estimate of the volume of this migration and an analysis of migrant characteristics. Consideration is given to migrant settlement patterns, jobs, and living standards. The costs and benefits of temporary labor migration are assessed for both sending and receiving countries; and the authors note that these are social as well as economic in nature. The paper concludes with a review of the relevant policy issues.
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:20519 Papademetriou, Demetrios G. Emigration and return in the Mediterranean littoral. Comparative Politics, Vol. 18, No. 1, Oct 1985. 21-39 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The effects of international labor migration in Europe since World War II are analyzed, with a focus on the impact on the sending countries along the Mediterranean coast. Topics covered include the gradual, and largely unplanned, conversion from temporary to permanent migration; the problems of second-generation immigrants; the politicizing of immigrant problems; the failure of returning migrants to boost the economy of sending countries; and remittances. The author examines how sending countries can improve the benefits from such migrations to their respective economies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

52:20520 Reimers, David M. Still the golden door: the third world comes to America. ISBN 0-231-05770-9. LC 84-29273. 1985. xviii, 319 pp. Columbia University Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book is concerned with migration to the United States since World War II. The focus is on the U.S. Immigration Act of 1965 and the increase in migration of people predominately from developing countries that followed. It describes who the migrants are, why they came, and where they are currently located. It also deals with migrant assimilation, public reaction to immigration, and the development of relevant policies. The book concludes with a discussion of probable future trends in immigration policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:20521 Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L. Can border industries be a substitute for immigration? American Economic Review, Vol. 76, No. 2, May 1986. 263-8 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The author examines the extent to which the development of border industries might reduce the flow of migrants from Mexico to the United States. In particular, he examines the impact of the Mexican Border Industrialization Program developed during the mid-1960s. The author concludes that the development of such industries on the Mexican border not only may not reduce migration flows to the United States, but may actually increase them.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20522 Simon, Julian L.; Heins, A. James. The effect of immigrants on natives' incomes through the use of capital. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, Jan-Feb 1985. 75-97 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper deals with questions about the effects of immigrants on three types of capital: the private capital immigrants work with, the public (government) capital that immigrant workers use, and the public capital used for services by immigrants." The geographic focus is on the United States. The authors conclude that although the average cost to natives in 1975 dollars to provide services for immigrants is 4,172 dollars, this amount "is considerably smaller than the benefits of immigrants to natives through their relatively low use of welfare services and their relatively high contribution of taxes."
Comments by Jacob Mincer (pp. 95-7) are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20523 Stacey, G. Palmer; Lutton, Wayne. The U.S. immigration crisis. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3, Fall 1985. 333-50 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
A review of the factors affecting immigration to the United States is presented. The authors develop the argument that present levels of immigration, particularly illegal immigration, are detrimental to U.S. interests, and that current global population trends will make this situation progressively worse. Stricter controls on immigration are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

52:20524 Stevens, Willi; Werth, Manfred. The skilled labor force potential from developing countries in the Federal Republic of Germany: a study on national origin, educational level, and occupational fields of the academic and nonacademic skilled labor force and students. [Das Fachkraftepotential aus Entwicklungslandern in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: eine Untersuchung uber nationale Herkunft, Ausbildungsniveau und Berufsbereiche akademischer und nicht-akademischer Fachkrafte und Studenten.] CIM Arbeitsmaterialien, No. 6, ISBN 3-88156-296-6. 1985. vii, 129, [488] pp. Breitenbach: Fort Lauderdale, Florida/Saarbrucken, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Information is presented on nationality, educational level, and occupational group of skilled workers and students from developing countries who are living in the Federal Republic of Germany. The study, which is based on data from various sources, indicates that this group includes 42,000 students, 19,700 academic workers, and 217,000 nonacademic workers. Most of the publication consists of statistical tables arranged according to country of origin. The possibilities of reintegrating skilled workers in their countries of origin are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20525 Tribalat, Michele. Chronicle of immigration. [Chronique de l'immigration.] Population, Vol. 41, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1986. 131-52 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent immigration trends in France are reviewed using data from official sources. Sections are included on the situation in 1984, return migration, and the characteristics of immigrant households using 1982 census data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20526 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Investigation of International Migration in Latin America (IMILA). [Investigacion de la Migracion Internacional en Latinoamerica (IMILA).] Boletin Demografico, Vol. 19, No. 37, Jan 1986. 139 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Eng; Spa.
Data are presented from CELADE's Investigation of International Migration in Latin America (IMILA) project. The data concern foreigners enumerated in censuses carried out in the region and in the United States. The publication contains three tables, which include data on population by country, 1950-2025; population enumerated in countries other than country of birth; and detailed data on foreigners in countries with recent censuses. The most detailed data are from the most recent censuses of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Guatemala, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, and the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20527 Warren, Robert; Kraly, Ellen P. The elusive exodus: emigration from the United States. Population Trends and Public Policy, No. 8, Mar 1985. 16 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
An attempt is made to analyze trends in emigration from the United States during the course of the twentieth century. Data are from a variety of sources. The authors conclude that, in comparison to the 30 million immigrants coming to the United States between 1900 and 1980, there were 10 million emigrants, most of whom were former immigrants and their children. The need for better data on U.S. emigration is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20528 Weaver, Jerry L. Sojourners along the Nile: Ethiopian refugees in Khartoum. Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 23, No. 1, March 1985. 147-56 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
An analysis of migrants of Ethiopian origin in Sudan is presented, using data from a survey of 1,012 Ethiopian households in Khartoum undertaken in 1984. Consideration is given to reasons for migration and to the level of integration into the local economy.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

52:20529 Boker, Fred. On the description of migration using counting processes. [Uber die Beschreibung von Wanderungsbewegungen mit Hilfe von Zahlprozessen.] IFO-Studien, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1984. 307-15 pp. Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"In this paper modern counting process theory is used to describe the migrations of inhabitants of an area between the regions of this area, e.g. between the 11 federal states of the Federal Republic of Germany....It is assumed that the migration behaviour of an individual inhabitant is described by a Markov process." The advantages of using counting process theory are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20530 Bryant, Ellen S.; El-Attar, Mohamed. Migration and redistribution of the elderly: a challenge to community services. Gerontologist, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1984. 634-40 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This article examines regional mobility and concentration of the elderly population and analyzes their impact on local services in the United States. Regional relocation of the elderly to the South and West has been occurring among the younger elderly since the 1960s and among the older elderly since the 1970s. Analysis indicates a lag in the process of locating services in areas of expected demand. The implications of this study for future research and planning strategies are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20531 Grundmann, Siegfried; Schmidt, Ines. The social and economic aspects of migration and its control. [Soziale und volkswirtschaftliche Aspekte der Migration und ihrer Steuerung.] Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie, Vol. 33, No. 2, 1985. 115-24 pp. Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Ger.
The factors affecting internal migration in a Communist society are analyzed using data for the German Democratic Republic. The authors note that the transition to intensive economic production has been accompanied by a sharp decline in the overall migration rate. The importance of improving housing conditions throughout the country in order to reduce migration is noted.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20532 Grundy, E. M. D.; Fox, A. J. Migration during early married life. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 1, No. 2-3, Jul 1985. 237- 63 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"A one percent sample drawn from the 1971 Census (the OPCS Longitudinal Study) [of England and Wales] was used to study the migration patterns of women in the early years of first marriage. Information from the retrospective fertility and migration history contained in the 1971 Census record was analyzed and the results show migration at, or soon after, marriage to be almost universal." The focus is on internal migration. Factors considered include marriage duration, age, husband's occupation, and timing of births. The value of the OPCS Longitudinal Study as a source of migration data is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20533 Islam, Nazrul; Begum, Josna. Internal migration in Bangladesh: a review of literature. CUS Monograph, No. 9, LC 83-905468. 1983. 13, [3] pp. University of Dhaka, Department of Geography, Centre for Urban Studies: Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
Selected literature on internal migration in Bangladesh is reviewed. The authors attempt to summarize the results of 24 studies on this topic published up to 1980. These studies include both those directly concerned with migration and those on other topics which also include information on migration.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20534 Lacey, Linda. Interurban flows of population and occupational skills to three cities in Nigeria. International Migration Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 1985. 686-707 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines interurban flows of population and occupational skills to three cities in Nigeria. The analyses are based on sample survey data collected in the cities of Benin, Ibadan, and Kano in 1973 and 1974." The results indicate that most migrants were repeat movers, and that interurban migration predominated. However, whereas men brought a wide range of occupational skills, most women came with traditional-type skills or as housewives.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20535 Langer-Redei, Maria. The regional distribution of the extent of migration. [A vandorlasok volumenenek teruletek kozotti eloszlasarol.] Demografia, Vol. 28, No. 2-3, 1985. 308-20 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Regional trends in internal migration in Hungary are analyzed. An entropy method is used to model migration among 400 local units and 20 regions, and comparisons are made between the situations in 1977 and in 1982. The value of the analysis for making regional population projections is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20536 Lee, Sun-Hee. Why people intend to move: individual and community-level factors of out-migration in the Philippines. ISBN 0-8133-7102-3. LC 85-13781. 1985. xxiii, 155 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/London, England. In Eng.
The author uses data collected during her fieldwork in the Ilocos Norte province of the Philippines "to identify and quantify the major socioeconomic conditions which increase or decrease the migration propensity of residents in a rural-agricultural area. This objective is accomplished through the assessment of the following major socioeconomic conditions: (1) population structure; (2) agricultural structure; (3) opportunity structure; and (4) urban amenities. The effects of the above factors on the rural population as a whole and on different segments of the population are systematically examined."
A model is elaborated that incorporates individual, household, and community factors influencing migration intentions. Three factors are identified as determinants of migration intentions: commitment to family, job, and place of residence; resources for moving; and resources of community of origin. The relationships among these variables are considered, and the relative importance of each for selected segments of the sample is assessed.
In concluding, the author comments that "the major contribution of this study is its application of contextual analysis to the study of migration at the place of origin....This study has also attempted to untangle the contrasting effects of land ownership. The results show that land ownership has a positive effect on migration intentions on younger persons and nonfarmers, whereas it has a negative effect on farmers."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20537 Morrill, Richard; Downing, Jeanne; Leon, William. Attribute preferences and the non-metropolitan migration decision. Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 20, No. 1, Mar 1986. 33-53 pp. Bellingham, Washington. In Eng.
The factors affecting the decision to migrate to rural or small-town areas in the Pacific Northwest of the United States are examined using data from interviews undertaken in 72 households. The primary factors identified were negative views about cities and positive attitudes toward the social and environmental characteristics of the rural areas of current residence.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20538 Nair, P. S. Inter-state period migration in India, 1971-81--levels and trends. Demography India, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1985. 213-20 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"In this paper, an attempt is made to (a) trace out the recent trends in the levels of internal migration in India, (b) find the latest inter-censal migration levels among the major states based on 1981 census data, and (c) estimate the inter-state migration flows during the decade 1971-81. The data base for this exercise is the 5 per cent sample data published by the Census Actuary from the 1981 Census analysis...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20539 Nair, P. S. Levels and structure of internal migration flows in India, 1971. Janasamkhya, Vol. 2, No. 2, Dec 1984. 127-39 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to analyse life-time as well as period migration data in India, derived from 1971 census, through conventional techniques as well as by the log-linear modelling." The differences between lifetime and period migration flows are analyzed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20540 Narayan, Shyam; Sharma, H. L.; Singh, B. N. A study of out migration from rural Garhwal. Demography India, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1985. 221-6 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
A demographic survey of 13 villages in the Garhwal district of India was conducted from November 1981 to January 1982. Information on household structure, migration, fertility, and mortality was obtained from about 600 households. The authors attempt "to focus upon the social and economic background of the migrants from the study region for an idea of the impact of migration on different socio-economic groups." The findings indicate that members of the Brahmins caste group and the larger landholding group, as well as people from villages in the highlands, have a higher tendency to out-migrate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20541 Nepal. National Commission on Population (Katmandu, Nepal). Inter-regional migration in Nepal: problems and prospects. 1984. 143 pp. Katmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the nature, extent, and causes of interregional migration in Nepal. It begins with a review of concepts relevant to migration research and a review of available literature on migration in Nepal. Migration patterns are then described, including seasonal, rural-urban, international, and internal migration. The causes and consequences of migration are analyzed, and the study concludes with recommendations concerning policy. A selected bibliography is also included, as well as appendixes presenting statistical data on migration for the period 1961-1980.
Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii.

52:20542 Oda, Toshikatsu. Population distribution changes and redistribution policy in recent Japan. Environmental Science, Hokkaido, Vol. 6, No. 1, Jun 1983. 67-94 pp. Sapporo, Japan. In Eng.
Regional trends in population distribution in Japan since World War II are analyzed. Population redistribution policies that have been implemented at different periods are described, and their impact on population distribution is assessed. The focus is on problems caused by a high rate of migration from rural to urban areas.
Location: University of Texas at Austin.

52:20543 Pawliczko, Ann L. Migration to metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in the Sunbelt, 1975 to 1977. Pub. Order No. DA8521396. 1985. 249 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This dissertation examines migration in the Sunbelt region of the United States between 1975 and 1977 to determine whether and to what extent it is part of the recent nonmetropolitan renaissance movement in America." Data are from the March 1977 Current Population Survey. The results indicate that most migration to the Sunbelt during the period examined was not occurring at the expense of metropolitan areas. The characteristics of migrants and nonmigrants in the Sunbelt are also analyzed.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Fordham University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(8).

52:20544 Robinson, Isaac. Blacks move back to the South. American Demographics, Vol. 8, No. 6, Jun 1986. 40-3 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The author presents an overview of trends in the migration of blacks to and from the southern United States. Attention is given to regions of origin and destination and to changing patterns over time. The focus is on internal migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20545 Schneider-Sliwa, Rita; Brown, Lawrence A. Rural-nonfarm employment and migration: evidence from Costa Rica. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1986. 79-93 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper addresses the issue of rural-nonfarm employment effects upon migration. After summarizing that sector's role in rural economies, attention turns to empirical analyses of rural migration in Costa Rica for the period 1968-73. One finding is that areas with less nonfarm employment gained greater numbers of migrants, contrary to expectations; this is because agriculture remains the prime employer in rural Costa Rica, even in areas with nonfarm opportunities." Data are from the 1973 census.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20546 Shefer, Daniel; Primo, Niki. The determinants of household migration into and out of distressed neighborhoods. Urban Studies, Vol. 22, No. 4, Aug 1985. 339-47 pp. Harlow, England. In Eng.
"This paper presents the findings of a study that focussed on the factors affecting the decisions of households to move into and out of two [economically] distressed neighborhoods in Tel Aviv, Israel." The data are from official sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:20547 Spitze, Glenna. Family migration largely unresponsive to wife's employment (across age groups). Sociology and Social Research, Vol. 70, No. 3, Apr 1986. 231-4 pp. Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
The impact of wife's employment on migration patterns in the United States is examined using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young and Mature Women for the late 1960s and 1970s. The results indicate that wife's employment has an insignificant effect on internal U.S. migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20548 Stearman, Allyn M. Camba and Kolla: migration and development in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. ISBN 0-8130-0802-6. LC 84-26978. 1985. xi, 227 pp. University of Central Florida Press: Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
Internal migration patterns in the Bolivian province of Santa Cruz are analyzed using data collected during the 1970s and a Bolivian survey of some 3,500 migrants undertaken in 1979. The focus is on the migration of highland Bolivians to lowland areas either on a temporary or a permanent basis. Consideration is given to the contribution of highlanders to the lowland economy, the extent of antagonism between lowlanders and highlanders, and the level of migrant assimilation.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:20549 Stpiczynski, Tadeusz. Trends in internal migration. [Tendencje w migracjach wewnetrznych.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 30, No. 12, Dec 1985. 1-4 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
Trends in internal migration in Poland are analyzed using official data for the period 1950-1984. The author notes that the volume of such migration has declined in the 1980s. Special consideration is given to rural-urban migration and its determinants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20550 van Dijk, Jouke; Folmer, Hendrik. The consequences of interregional labor migration for the regional labor market: theory, methodology and Dutch experience. Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 68, No. 1, Feb 1986. 74-83 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The authors examine the impact of interregional migration on labor markets in the recipient countries, particularly "whether migrants fulfill vacancies which could also have been filled by native unemployed. It is argued that this problem could adequately be analyzed by means of ex post comparison of both categories with regard to age, education, family status and work experience."
Using data from the Netherlands Labor Force Survey of 1979, "this comparison has been made by means of logistic regression and the results have been cross-validated. The migrants are found to have superior labor market characteristics. The implications of this finding for some migration theories and regional policy are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:20551 Xaxa, Virginius. Tribal migration to plantation estate in North-East India: determinants and consequences. Demography India, Vol. 14, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1985. 70-81 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a description of nineteenth- and twentieth-century migration patterns in India, chiefly those from Chota Nagpur, Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh to tea plantations in Assam and North Bengal. Recruitment practices, working conditions, and linguistic assimilation are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

52:20552 Koch, H. Reinhard. The massive migration out of the Soviet Occupied Zone and the German Democratic Republic. [Die Massen-Migration aus der SBZ und der DDR.] Zeitschrift fur Soziologie, Vol. 15, No. 1, Feb 1986. 37-40 pp. Bielefeld, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This article is a review of research on mass migration from the Soviet Occupied Zone and the German Democratic Republic to the Federal Republic of Germany during the 1950s. The various official sources of migration statistics are first described, and the extent of politically motivated migration is assessed. The sociological consequences of this migration are then examined, and individual migration motives are briefly considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:20553 Marrus, Michael R. The unwanted: European refugees in the twentieth century. ISBN 0-19-503615-8. LC 85-15305. 1985. xii, 414 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author surveys the history of refugee movements in Europe since the 1880s. Attention is first given to the growing awareness of a refugee phenomenon, beginning in the late nineteenth century and culminating in the establishment of the League of Nations High Commission for Refugees following the First World War. "The remainder of this book will examine how international responses formulated in the 1920s changed and evolved under the impact of subsequent refugee problems. Best known are the refugee crises wrought by fascism, especially that caused by the Nazi persecution and expulsion of Jews from Central Europe."
The author's "central concern is the impact of refugee movements on the international community in Europe, principally with reference to the relations between states. Important to this is a basic description of the refugees in question: who they were, why they became refugees, and what happened to them when they did. Vital also is an analysis of the variety of agencies that worked alongside national governments and ultimately became themselves actors on the international stage." A variety of published sources are utilized. The emphasis is on the historical uniqueness of European refugee movements in the twentieth century and on "the emergence of a new variety of collective alienation...."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:20554 Platzky, Laurine; Walker, Cherryl. The surplus people: forced removals in South Africa. ISBN 0-86975-255-3. 1985. xxxiii, 446 pp. Ravan Press: Johannesburg, South Africa. In Eng.
This book is concerned with the forced resettlement of the black population which has been and is taking place during the course of implementation of the policy of apartheid. The book has been developed out of the work of the Surplus People Project (SPP) since 1979 and attempts to show that the forced relocation of blacks is a necessary part of the apartheid system designed to keep political and economic power in the hands of the white minority. It presents, in a format for the general reader, information from the five-volume report, Forced Removals in South Africa, published by the SPP in 1983.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20555 Smyser, W. R. Refugees: a never-ending story. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 64, No. 1, Fall 1985. 154-68 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The current refugee situation around the world is reviewed. The author estimates the current global total at about 10 million refugees, the majority of whom are in developing countries. The increasing demand of many refugees to come to developed countries is noted.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:20556 Torres-Rivas, Edelberto. Report on the condition of Central American refugees and migrants. Hemispheric Migration Project Occasional Paper Series, Jul 1985. 125 pp. Georgetown University, Center for Immigration Policy and Refugee Assistance: Washington, D.C.; Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
The author "focuses on the present status in Central America and Mexico of those who have had to abandon their homes to seek refuge and work in other countries, because of the pervasive threat of state repression and political violence. Particular attention will be given to Mexico, Honduras and Costa Rica that have been besieged by refugees, as well as El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua that have been the source of these flows. In a dual role, Nicaragua also is viewed as host to Salvadoran and Guatemalan refugees."
Government publications, reports from international organizations, and other published literature are reviewed. The author "outlines these major migration and refugee flows; provides an indication of the complex set of causes and effects of these movements on receiving and sending countries; and reviews current policy matters related to refugees and migrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

52:20557 Conim, Custodio N. P. S. Portuguese emigrants: the return, 1960-1981. [Emigrantes portugueses: o regresso, 1960-1981.] Revista do Centro de Estudos Demograficos, No. 26, 1983-1984. 73-126 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Return migration to Portugal during the period 1960- 1981 is analyzed using census data. The author notes a steady increase in return migration over time, particularly from the rest of Europe. An attempt is made to forecast future migration trends in light of Portugal's forthcoming entry into the European Community and to estimate future trends in the emigrant population of Portuguese origin resident outside the country.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20558 Intergovernmental Committee for Migration [ICM] (Geneva, Switzerland). Seventh Seminar on Adaptation and Integration of Immigrants/Geneva, 9-13 December 1985. International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales, Vol. 24, No. 1, Mar 1986. 324, 39 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre; Spa.
This issue represents the proceedings of a seminar on the adaptation and integration of immigrants held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1985. The focus of the papers presented here is on social and economic aspects of return migration. Topics covered include the various forms of voluntary return migration to country of origin and reasons and motivations for returning, the consequences of return migration and problems of migrants, policy measures, and the reintegration of migrants. The geographic scope is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20559 Richling, Barnett. "You'd never starve here": return migration to rural Newfoundland. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie et d'Anthropologie, Vol. 22, No. 2, May 1985. 236-49 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Return migration to Newfoundland, Canada, is analyzed using data from a 1979 survey of 420 returning migrants and from a more detailed survey of 66 individuals in two communities undertaken in 1981-1982. The relationship between migration and underdevelopment in the rural areas is examined.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:20560 Sivamurthy, M.; Kadi, A. S. Inter- state return migration in India: 1961-71. Janasamkhya, Vol. 2, No. 2, Dec 1984. 91-104 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"In this paper an attempt has been made to estimate return migration from the destination state of migrants for 15 major Indian states during 1961-71 among the life-time inter-state migrants enumerated in the 1961 census. The model used for estimation is based on the procedure suggested by Zachariah (1967) for estimating return migration from two census data." The results indicate that of the almost 13 million interstate migrants enumerated in the 1961 census, about 4.7 million returned during the period 1961-1971. Factors affecting this return migration are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

52:20561 Connell, John. Islands under pressure--population growth and urbanization in the South Pacific. Ambio, Vol. 13, No. 5-6, 1984. 306-12 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
Recent demographic trends in the island states of the South Pacific are described. It is noted that the integration of these states into the global economy has resulted in massive rural-urban migration. The problems associated with this migration, including overcrowding, shantytown development, social disintegration, and environmental pollution, are considered.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20562 Francois, Etienne. In-migration and urban society in Western Europe, sixteenth to twentieth centuries. [Immigration et societe urbaine en Europe occidentale, XVIe-XXe siecles.] Travaux et Memoires de la Mission Historique Francaise en Allemagne, ISBN 2-86538-121-X. 1985. 156 pp. Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre; Ger.
These are the proceedings of a conference on migration and urbanization in Europe from the sixteenth to twentieth centuries, held in Gottingen, Federal Republic of Germany, June 3-5, 1982. The 12 papers, which are in English, French, or German, are grouped under three headings: measures of urban in-migration, assimilation of migrants into urban society, and urban in-migration and minorities.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:20563 Hassaballa, Hassaballa O. An approach to rural-urban migration and development in Africa: a case study of Sudan and Ghana. Economic and Social Research Council Bulletin, No. 100, LC 84-980255. Oct 1983. 35 pp. National Council for Research, Economic and Social Research Council: Khartoum, Sudan. In Eng.
A comparative study of rural-urban migration in Sudan and Ghana is presented. Consideration is given to the determinants of such migration, the distinction between short- term and long-term migration, and the relationship between rural-urban migration and development policy.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:20564 Jones, Huw; Caird, James; Berry, William; Dewhurst, John. Peripheral counter-urbanization: findings from an integration of census and survey data in Northern Scotland. Regional Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1, Feb 1986. 15-26 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"This paper systematically relates local survey data to national census data in an investigation of one peripheral form of counter-urbanization now regarded as widely present in developed countries. The recent growth and spatial distribution of long- distance English migration to the Highlands and Islands of Scotland is described, and then 'explained' through multivariate analysis of cross-sectional data and through the stated motivations and characteristics of surveyed migrants to some of the remoter, rural parts of the region. The study reveals the importance of environmental and quality of life considerations."
Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

52:20565 Noyola de Garagorri, Pedro J. Urban migration in Mexico: a general equilibrium analysis. Pub. Order No. DA8522204. 1985. 247 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"A regionalized general equilibrium model of migration is developed to analyze the effects of government policy on migration from the rural sector to five different urban regions in Mexico. The model is designed to capture the interdependence of migration, unemployment, and relative prices in the Mexican economy." Four alternative policy scenarios are examined: "(1) a tax incentive program to encourage production outside Mexico City; (2) a decentralization of government expenditures; (3) a reduction of the urban wage floors; and (4) an expansion of the oil sector."
The results indicate that "fiscal incentives are more effective in reducing unemployment rates than in redirecting or reducing migration. Migration is very sensitive to the decentralization of government expenditures. The deterioration of the real wage in the urban sector is accompanied by a small reduction in migration. The expansion of the oil sector has uneven income distribution effects."
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Stanford University.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 46(8).

52:20566 Prabhakara, N. R. Patterns of child migration and child migrant labour in the cities of India. Janasamkhya, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jun 1984. 19-28 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"Using the data of the Indian Census of 1961, this study examines the rate of child migration to the cities of India and the proportion of the migrant children who were engaged in the labour force. The volume of child migration is found to be positively associated with total migration. Just over a fifth of the urban children were migrants but nearly forty percent of the child labourers were migrant children who were found to be concentrated in a few occupational divisions. Rural migrant children were short distance migrants while urban migrant children made long distance moves."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20567 Vakano, O. Migration of the rural population under conditions of agro-industrial integration. [Migratsiya sel'skogo naseleniya v usloviyakh agropromyshlennoi integratsii.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 1, 1986. 70-2 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Factors affecting rural-urban migration in the USSR are examined. The author suggests that a lower rate of such migration is associated with the creation of agro-industrial centers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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