Volume 52 - Number 2 - Summer 1986

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

No citations in this issue.

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

52:20001 Brass, William. The potential usefulness of demography. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population, Florence, 1985, 5-12 June/juin, 1985. Vol. 1, ISBN 2-87108-005-4. 1986. 33-46 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
This paper is concerned with those demographic issues which have become important in the present and which represent changes from the past, including concepts, attitudes, knowledge, and methodology. The author first reviews some basic issues that were discussed at the IUSSP general conferences of 1927 and 1931, with particular reference to the threatened decline of the population of Western countries that predominated demographic thinking in the 1930s. Next, he reviews the 1954 World Population Conference, noting its focus on socioeconomic determinants and its emphasis on the limitations of data and knowledge.
The author then selects some key issues which may be of importance in the future based on the submissions to the present conference. Topics covered include the data explosion, the transformation of attitudes toward fertility control, fertility determinants, population forecasts, mortality determinants, research into indirect estimation and the biosocial aspects of reproduction, and historical demography. A final section considers the future of demographers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20002 Henry, Louis. Some wishes for the 21st century. [Voeux pour le XXIe siecle.] In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population, Florence, 1985, 5-12 June/juin, 1985. Vol. 1, ISBN 2-87108-005-4. 1986. 47-58 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Fre.
The author examines the future of demography by stressing the importance of the past. He first summarizes the main developments in demography from the time of John Graunt to the present day. Consideration is given both to developments in demographic methodology and in data availability. With regard to the future, he stresses the importance of improving the demographer's ability to make forecasts rather than projections; the importance of taking into account trends over the longer term rather than immediate past in making such projections; and the need to devote adequate resources to preserving and making available the data on the past, rather than data on the present. The value of improving data on change of residence is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20003 McNicoll, Geoffrey. The nature of institutional and community effects on demographic behaviour: a discussion. In: The collection and analysis of community data. WFS seminar on collection and analysis of data on community and institutional factors, 20-23 June 1983, edited by John B. Casterline. 1985. 177-84 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands; World Fertility Survey [WFS]: London, England. In Eng.
"The main question to be addressed here is: how do community or institutional factors affect demographic behaviour? The subsidiary question is: how do we find out?...I will first try to pin down 'institutional and community effects' as I understand them; next take up some issues that arise in the incorporation of such factors in theories of demographic change; then, specifically in the fertility case, consider how the array of knowledge we have at hand...fits together and where it points for future empirical efforts."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20004 Tabah, Leon. Teaching demography. Populi, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1985. 15-21 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the state of demography in developing countries during their period of nationalism and decolonization, outlines the establishment of U.N. centers in the third world for teaching demography and training demographers, and assesses the results.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20005 van Leusden, Hans. Problems of world population: what do the numbers mean? [Het wereldbevolkingsvraagstuk: perspectief achter de getallen?] Internationale Spectator, Vol. 38, No. 12, Dec 1984. 691-701, 748 pp. The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
A review of recent global population trends is presented. The focus is on the consensus that seems to have developed between the world population conferences of 1974 in Bucharest and 1984 in Mexico concerning the relationship between population factors and socioeconomic development. Consideration is given to possible developments through the end of the 21st century, both with regard to population projections and to their implications for food supplies, employment, migration, and demographic aging.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

52:20006 Hampl, Martin; Pavlik, Zdenek. Global contexts of demographic and geodemographic development. In: Population growth as a global problem. 5th International Demographic Seminar, Berlin, November 20-22, 1984. Scientific programme. Part two, edited by P. Khalatbari. Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin Berichte, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1986. 20-31 pp. Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Economics, Demography Unit: Berlin, German Democratic Republic. In Eng.
The authors first outline three aspects of global systems and problems. They then discuss the evolutionary concurrency of demographic and geo-demographic changes, the primary specifications of demographic and geo-demographic systems, socio-geographic differentiation as an environment for demographic changes, and the intensification of the forms of demographic and geo-demographic development. The focus is on defining theoretical concepts.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20007 Impagliazzo, John. Deterministic aspects of mathematical demography: an investigation of the stable theory of population including an analysis of the population statistics of Denmark. Biomathematics, Vol. 13, ISBN 0-387-13616-9. LC 84-24048. 1985. xi, 186 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
The author's aim is to present "a single source which consolidates the principal matter [of mathematical demography] at a mature expository level." The focus is on the development of deterministic models and their application to population analysis and projection, with stochastic models excluded for brevity's sake.
"In the first chapter a broad discussion of demography is developed from the Stone Age to the twentieth century. Chapters Two through Five provide an in-depth mathematical discussion of the development of the stable theory of population, together with its three principal deterministic models. In chapters Six and Seven some of the comparisons and consequences of stable theory are shown. Chapter Eight discusses the population statistics of the Kingdom of Denmark to provide the reader with an actual demographic example of the subject discussed herein."
Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

52:20008 Maksimowicz, Alicja. An attempt to analyze the usefulness of the method of demographic analysis developed by D. Hodgson. [Metoda analizy rozwoju demografii D. Hodgsona i proba oceny jej przydatnosci.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 3/81, 1985. 63-76 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author discusses the value of the approach to the study of demography developed by Dennis Hodgson. This approach considers that demographic studies involve a changing balance between social science and policy-oriented science over time. These concepts are applied to an analysis of the works of the Polish demographer Edward Rosset, with particular reference to changing approaches to the study of optimum and stationary population concepts.
For the study by Hodgson, published in 1983, see 49:20005.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20009 Okolski, Marek. The reproduction of population and the modernization of society. [Reprodukcja ludnosci a modernizacja spoleczenstwa.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 4/82, 1985. 3-32 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The main features of population reproduction in traditional and modern societies are described and contrasted. The author observes that most populations are in the process of conversion from the traditional to the modern model, leading to temporary demographic fluctuations. However, it is also noted that there are strong pressures within a society to establish a stable process of population reproduction.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20010 Rodriguez Cervantes, Margarita. From demography to a system of scientific knowledge about population. [De la demografia al sistema de conocimientos cientificos sobre la poblacion.] Serie Monografica del CEDEM, No. 8, Sep 1985. 21 pp. Universidad de la Habana, Area de Ciencias Economicas, Centro de Estudios Demograficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
The author describes the development of demography by Marxist thinkers. She suggests that the main contribution of Marxists has been to steer demography away from theoretical issues toward the development of a system of scientific knowledge concerning population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

No citations in this issue.

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

52:20011 Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO] (Rome, Italy). Population and the labour force in rural economies. FAO Economic and Social Development Paper, No. 59, ISBN 92-5-102364-6. 1986. vi, 169 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
"This manual is intended to serve as a guide for course instructors and research assistants of Faculties of Agriculture in Africa who wish to incorporate demographic considerations into existing educational and research programmes." It is primarily concerned with the socio-demographic aspects of agricultural and rural development.
For the French version of this guide, published in 1984, see 50:40643.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:20012 Germany, Federal Republic of. Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung (Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of). Stepping stones for a demographic curriculum. Contributions for the meeting of the working group on "Teaching and Research" of the German Society for Demography, November 28, 1985, in Bielefeld. [Trittsteine fur ein bevolkerungswissenschaftliches Curriculum. Beitrage fur die Tagung des Arbeitskreises "Lehre und Forschung" der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft am 28.11.1985 in Bielefeld.] Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 46, 1985. 67 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This publication contains five papers presented at a conference held in Bielefeld, Federal Republic of Germany, in 1985. Two additional papers are also included. The focus is on the development of a curriculum for teaching demography at universities in the Federal Republic of Germany. Topics covered include demography at the University of Bielefeld, the lack of academic attention to population policy, demographic topics in economic studies, proposals for a future-oriented demographic curriculum, a curriculum for a two-year demographic program, and the status of demographic teaching at German universities. One paper on the Netherlands is also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.