Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

52:10668 Blanchet, Didier; Bonvalet, Catherine. Population growth and the housing market in France since 1954. [Croissance demographique et marche du logement en France depuis 1954.] Population, Vol. 40, No. 6, Nov- Dec 1985. 911-35 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
A model of the relationship between population trends in France and developments in the housing market since 1954 is presented. The model is used to project future trends in the building industry and to show that there will be no sharp increase in the demand for new houses in the foreseeable future. The impact of changes in standard of living and types of household, as well as changes in overall population numbers, is taken into consideration in the model.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10669 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. Social security and population. Demographic change and social policy in France since 1945: from a surge to stagnation. [Securite sociale et population. Mouvement demographique et politique sociale en France depuis 1945: de l'elan a la stagnation.] Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales, Vol. 39, No. Special, Jul-Sep 1985. 45-59 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in France since 1945 are reviewed, with particular reference to the impact of family policy on fertility and to the implications of current trends for social policy. Comparisons are made with the situation in other developed European countries. Arguments for the development of a pro-natalist policy are assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10670 Fox, John; Grundy, Emily. A longitudinal perspective on recent socio-demographic change. In: Measuring socio-demographic change. University of Sussex, 9-11 September 1985. Conference papers. ISBN 0-904952-20-7. 1985. 10-25 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
In this paper, the authors discuss the use of census data for England and Wales in examining socio- demographic change between 1971 and 1981. They construct a data set that "allows longitudinal analysis of change at an individual level. Examples showing changes in family status during early middle age; changes in social class for children entering the labour market during the 1970s; changes in housing tenure for migrants and non- migrants; and geographic mobility for children leaving their parents' home are presented here to illustrate some of the possibilities created by linking information between two censuses. Some of the technical constraints and methodological limitations are also referred to."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10671 Illanes, Juan P. Mortality as an index of social development. [La mortalidad como indice de desarrollo social.] Estudios Publicos, No. 16, Spring 1984. 73-116 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The author examines the use of measures of mortality as indicators of social development. Separate consideration is given to general mortality, infant mortality, and life expectancy. He concludes that the Chilean and Latin American mortality data cannot be analyzed separately from the available social data as a whole, and that the traditional health indicators for the measurement of social development continue to be valid.
Comments by Ernesto Medina, Dagmar Raczynski, Juan P. Illanes, and Tarsicio Castaneda are included (pp. 107-14), as well as a reply to these comments by the author (pp. 114-6).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10672 Liskin, Laurie; Kak, Neeraj; Rutledge, Ann H.; Smit, Laura C.; Stewart, Lindsay. Youth in the 1980s: social and health concerns. Population Reports, Series M: Special Topics, No. 9, Nov-Dec 1985. [40] pp. Johns Hopkins University, Population Information Program [PIP]: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
This is a summary of the social and health concerns facing young people worldwide on the occasion of the U.N. International Youth Year, 1985. Data are from published and unpublished sources, correspondence, and interviews and cover primarily the mid-1970s through the early 1980s. Among the topics discussed are education, employment, and migration; age at marriage and early fertility; premarital sexual activity and contraceptive use; reproductive health problems; educational and economic consequences of early motherhood; counseling and health services for youth; and accidents, alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs. A complete, unannotated bibliography is included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10673 Schubnell, Hermann. Demographic policy and world religions. The dimension of possible relations. [Bevolkerungspolitik und Weltreligionen. Zur Dimension moglicher Zusammenhange.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985. 219-40 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Cultural and religious values as determinative influences on reproductive behavior are examined. Following an overview of the doctrines of the world's major religions, the author allocates the world population among these religions. Finding, apart from in Christianity, no religious injunction against family planning nor advocacy of bearing many children, the author suggests that "religious doctrines, intermingled with traditions, do however indirectly have a tendentiously pro- natalist effect on the reproductive behaviour."
It is suggested that this effect occurs through the influence of religious and traditional beliefs concerning marriage, celibacy, a preference for sons, and the role of women in the family and society. Emphasis is placed on the implications of changes in the status of women for future population developments worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10674 Sirvent, Maria T.; Siegel, Wolfgang P. Population, culture, and education. [Poblacion, cultura y educacion.] Enlace, No. 6, Feb 1983. 4-15 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The authors examine the relationships among cultural factors and various population components, including fertility, mortality, and migration. In particular, the relationship between population and education is examined in the context of the interest of a population in modifying its habits and attitudes by participating in a form of integral development. The primary geographic focus is on Latin America.
Location: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Santiago, Chile.

52:10675 Sternlieb, George; Hughes, James W. Demographics and housing in America. Population Bulletin, Vol. 41, No. 1, Jan 1986. 35 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The changing relationship between demographic factors and housing demand in the United States from the end of World War II to the present is explored. Consideration is given to changes in the 1980s and to prospects for housing up to 1995.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10676 Zelizer, Viviana A. Pricing the priceless child: the changing social value of children. ISBN 0-465-06325-X. LC 84-45302. 1985. x, 277 pp. Basic Books: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author examines the transformation that occurred in the economic and sentimental valuation of children between the 1870s and the 1930s. The primary focus is on how this shift occurred in the United States. The author notes that during this period, the role of children moved from that of economic assets to that of virtually priceless objects of love and affection. Consideration is given to the changing role of children in the labor force, educational costs, the changing legal evaluation of children, and the changing market for adopted and unwanted children.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

52:10677 Diaz-Briquets, Sergio. Conflict in Central America: the demographic dimension. Population Trends and Public Policy, No. 10, Feb 1986. 16 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The role of demographic factors in bringing about the problems currently faced by the countries of Central America is considered. The author asserts that the current crisis situation "has resulted from a complex interplay of political, economic, and social factors. Rapid population increase has aggravated tensions caused by decades of political turmoil and unequal economic growth." He concludes that although demographic trends are important, successful family planning programs can only be developed within the framework of political and economic reform.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10678 Winter, J. M. The demographic consequences of the Second World War for Britain. In: Measuring socio-demographic change. University of Sussex, 9-11 September 1985. Conference papers. ISBN 0-904952-20-7. 1985. 101-14 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
"This paper examines the place of the Second World War in [British] demographic history. It shows the parallelism of demographic developments in Britain and in several European countries in the 1940s, a feature of demographic history vitiating any attempt to provide purely internal explanations of British trends in fertility, nuptiality, and mortality. It also examines the cause-structure of mortality decline and some features of the war experience which may help account for the increases in nuptiality and fertility in the aftermath of the conflict."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

52:10679 Boerma, Ties. Short prospective birth intervals and child health. Working Papers of the NIDI, No. 65, Oct 1985. vii, 20 pp. Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute [NIDI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper reviews evidence on the effects of short prospective birth intervals on child health with special emphasis on the mechanisms which may underlie this relationship. Most studies indicate an increased mortality risk during the first half of the second year of life in particular for children with siblings born within 18 months. The adverse impact of short subsequent intervals is generally ascribed to premature and accelerated weaning and to sibling competition. The complex relationship between breast-feeding patterns, introduction of supplementary foods and fertility is discussed." The geographic focus is on developing countries.
"Special attention is given to the age-specificity of the health impact of close successive pregnancies and/or births in the discussion of the changes during pregnancy and after birth of the next child. Specific recommendations are made for future research on the impact of short prospective intervals on health, and the need for nutritional data is emphasized."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10680 Fries, James F. The compression of morbidity: miscellaneous comments about a theme. Gerontologist, Vol. 24, No. 4, Aug 1984. 354-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The Compression of Morbidity hypothesis maintains that the age of onset of significant disability may be moved upward more rapidly than life expectancy, thus compressing morbidity into a shorter period at the end of life, by using a strategy primarily directed at postponement of chronic illness and improvement in vitality through increased physical, psychological and social exercise, particularly in the later years. Objections to the thesis are examined in this paper, a series of qualitative and quantitative confusions are discussed, and predictions for the future offered." The primary geographic focus is on the United States.
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:10681 Haaga, John G. Evidence of a reversal of the breastfeeding decline in Peninsular Malaysia. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 76, No. 3, Mar 1986. 245-51 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Trends in infant feeding practices in Malaysia for the period 1950 to 1977 are reviewed. "Data from the Malaysian Family Life Survey show an increase in the percentage of infants breastfed, at least initially, from 75 per cent in 1970-74 to 79 per cent in 1975-77. Contrary to what would be expected if Malaysia were following the trends observed in the United States and Western Europe, the increase has occurred among poor and uneducated women as well as among the more fortunate....The implications of these findings for child health policy in Malaysia and for theories of infant feeding trends in developing countries are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10682 Peron, Yves; Strohmenger, Claude. Demographic and health indicators: presentation and interpretation. Pub. Order No. 82-543E. ISBN 0-660-11648-0. Nov 1985. 261 pp. Statistics Canada, Health Division, Research and Analysis Section: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
This publication presents approximately 40 of the most frequently used indicators in the fields of population studies and public health, as well as explanations of their meaning, calculation, and interpretation. Demographic, health, and epidemiological indicators are included. They are first described, then illustrated using official Canadian data. A final section includes a technical discussion on the methodology underlying the calculation of the indicators.
The focus of the book is on the statistical measurement of "exposure to risk factors which vary widely with environment and lifestyle; information on incidence and prevalence of disease, which is essential to estimate health care needs; prevalence of disability (a consequence of ill health), which is increasingly associated with quality of life; and mortality itself because its timing and causes are largely a reflection of individual lifestyles."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10683 Saucier, Alain. The use of computer techniques and the calculation of rates of participation in different health insurance programs. [L'utilisation de l'informatique et le calcul de taux de participation a differents programmes de l'assurance-maladie.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 13, No. 2, Oct 1984. 323-31 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
Two concepts important in certain rate calculations--average or mid-year population and person-years--are examined. These concepts are applied to several computer techniques for calculating participation rates for selected health insurance programs in Quebec, Canada.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10684 Uchino, Sumiko. Multi-phase responses of dietary behavior to different migration patterns: an application of the Bayesian model of cohort analysis. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 176, Oct 1985. 18-32 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author seeks to examine the influence of migration in Japan, primarily toward urban centers, on migrants' dietary behavior. By controlling other possible correlates of staple food selection, such as age, sex, education, and occupation, the author focuses on the effects of migration. Subsequently, application of a Bayesian cohort analysis model to the examination of a particular dietary pattern shows the passage of time to be the dominant determinant.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

52:10685 Edo, M. A.; Otero, H. R.; Caro, L. The influence of consanguinity on fertility and infant mortality in Sanabria (Zamora, Spain). Biology and Society, Vol. 2, No. 3, Sep 1985. 129-34 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The effects of consanguinity on fertility and infant mortality are studied in the population of the Sanabria Valley (Zamora province, Spain). The sample is made up of 965 complete families, 100 couples being first cousins (FC), 172 second cousins (SC) and 693 non-related (NR). There appears little difference in the fertility of consanguineous and unrelated couples but infant mortality rates (endogenous and exogenous) are higher among the offspring of consanguineous couples."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10686 Mayer, Francine M.; Lavoie, Yolande. Genealogy, demography, and genetics. A case study: Saint Barthelemy. [Genealogie, demographie et genetique. Etude d'un cas: Saint-Barthelemy.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1984. 89- 102 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Sociocultural and biological differences between the two endogamous subgroups of the population of the Caribbean island of Saint Barthelemy following French settlement in the seventeenth century are discussed. "The dynamics of the population structure are analysed through a multi- disciplinary approach based on demographic analysis, a genetic study of that population and also also the reconstruction of genealogies, not only through the lines of ascent but also through the lines of descent. The socio-cultural and historical factors which have contributed to these differences are also studied. Archival sources of exceptional quality permit the combination of these approaches through the reconstitution of a population register."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10687 Schwartz, Robert J.; Weiss, Kenneth M.; Buchanan, Anne V. Looking into the black box: practical approaches to record linkage. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1984. 119-28 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
A long-term genetic epidemiological study of families in Laredo, Texas, is described. "Individual records of vital events have been linked into a computer-based genealogical network, relying on interactive methods of data entry, correction and review. Accurate entry, error correction, and the avoidance of false links have been priorities. The record linkage strategy has been to accept pairwise links whose match score is better than a given cutoff and for which there are no close competitors."
The authors describe methods adopted to compensate for errors and variations in names. "Preliminary linkage results and application of some demographic measurements to these data are also presented."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.